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2.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND : The aetiology of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is highly heterogeneous including genetic and/or acquired (infective, toxic, immune, endocrine, and nutritional) factors. The major part of acquired DCM in developed countries is caused by either viral or autoimmune myocarditis. It is believed that the activation of the T-lymphocyte cell system is the major pathomechanism underlying autoimmune myocarditis and inflammatory DCM (DCMi). However, in the hearts of a subset of patients, a significant number of CD20+ B-lymphocytes can be detected too. Limited information exists on the role of B-cell-dependent mechanisms in the progression of DCMi. Particularly CD20+ B-lymphocytes, which can be targeted by anti-CD20+ B-lymphocytes antibodies or inhibitors, might contribute to the pathogenesis of myocardial damage beyond antibody production. CASE SUMMARY : Here, we present a case series of six patients with subacute and chronic endomyocardial biopsy-proven CD20+ B-lymphocyte-associated DCMi, where symptomatic heart failure therapy, with or without combined immunosuppressive therapy with steroid-based treatment regime, was insufficient to improve cardiac function. Five patients improved clinically several weeks after a standard infusion protocol with rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against the pan-B-cell surface molecule CD20. DISCUSSION : Our case series shows that CD20+ B-lymphocyte persistence can play a pathophysiologic role in a subset of DCMi patients and highlights the potential of targeting CD20+ B cells in patients with prominent CD20+ B-lymphocyte persistence.

3.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(5): 818-829, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099854

RESUMO

AIMS: Myocarditis is often associated with parvovirus B19 (B19V) persistence, which can induce vascular damage. Based on the antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties of telbivudine, we aimed to evaluate its efficacy to protect B19V-infected endothelial cells in vitro and to treat chronic lymphocytic myocarditis patients with B19V transcriptional activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the endothelial-protective potential of telbivudine in human microvascular endothelial cells-1, which were infected with B19V. Treatment with 10 ng/mL of telbivudine decreased the B19V-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Along with this finding, telbivudine reduced the expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 and of tenascin-C. The endothelial-protective properties of telbivudine were also found in tumour necrosis factor-α-stressed human microvascular endothelial cells-1. In addition, oxidative stress in angiotensin II-stressed and transforming growth factor-ß1-stressed HL-1 cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts, respectively, was reduced upon telbivudine treatment, illustrating that telbivudine exerts multimodal protective effects. Based on these in vitro findings, four patients severely suffering from an endomyocardial biopsy-proven myocarditis associated with B19V transcriptional activity (VP1/VP2-mRNA positive) were treated with telbivudine (600 mg/dL) for 6 months in a single-patient-use approach. Follow-up biopsies 6 months after treatment showed that VP1/VP2-mRNA levels and CD3 cells decreased in all patients and were associated with an improvement in ejection fraction and New York Heart Association class. These findings were paralleled by a drop in tenascin-C expression as shown via matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-imaging mass spectrometry. CONCLUSIONS: Telbivudine exerts endothelial-protective effects in B19V-infected endothelial cells and improves chronic myocarditis associated with B19V transcriptional activity. These findings will be further evaluated in the clinical exploratory trial: the PreTopic study.

5.
Cell Stem Cell ; 19(3): 293-7, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27588746

RESUMO

While advanced therapy medicinal products offer great clinical promise, most EU-approved products have not achieved satisfactory commercial performance. Here we highlight a number of issues that prevent current products from obtaining commercial success and pitfalls that developers must overcome in future product development.


Assuntos
União Europeia , Terapia Genética/economia , Marketing , Engenharia Tecidual/economia , Humanos , Produção de Droga sem Interesse Comercial/economia , Médicos , Padrões de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Controle Social Formal
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