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1.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155211036956, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the clinical and psychological effects of low and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training in community-dwelling older men with post-COVID-19 sarcopenia symptoms. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: University physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Men in the age range of 60-80 years with post-COVID-19 Sarcopenia. INTERVENTION: All participants received resistance training for whatever time of the day that they received it, and that in addition they were randomized into two groups like low-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) and high-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) for 30 minutes/session, 1 session/day, 4 days/week for 8 weeks. OUTCOMES: Clinical (muscle strength and muscle mass) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life scales) measures were measured at the baseline, fourth week, the eighth week, and at six months follow-up. RESULTS: The 2 × 4 group by time repeated measures MANOVA with corrected post-hoc tests for six dependent variables shows a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). At the end of six months follow up, the handgrip strength, -3.9 (95% CI -4.26 to -3.53), kinesiophobia level 4.7 (95% CI 4.24 to 5.15), and quality of life -10.4 (95% CI -10.81 to -9.9) shows more improvement (P < 0.001) in low-intensity aerobic training group than high-intensity aerobic training group, but in muscle mass both groups did not show any significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-intensity aerobic training exercises are more effective in improving the clinical (muscle strength) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life) measures than high-intensity aerobic training in post-COVID 19 Sarcopenia.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422082

RESUMO

Results: The results of the a-ACLR, c-ACLR, and control groups were compared. At 8 weeks following postoperative rehabilitation, the a-ACLR group shows more significant changes than the c-ACLR group (p < 0.001). At 6 and 12 months, there are normal values of kinematic and kinetic values in a-ACLR compared with the results of the control group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The study showed that postoperative rehabilitation provides significant effects in the kinematic, kinetic, and EMG gait parameters in acute ACLR than chronic ACLR subjects. Early surgical intervention and postrehabilitation are mandatory to get the significant effects in the clinical parameters in acute and chronic ACL injury.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was defined that exercise and dietary interventions are used to control dyslipidemia and depression in obese individuals, whilst rare investigations have examined the concurrent effects of a low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIAET) on dyslipidemia and depression in obese patients. Hence, we assessed the potential influences of a low-fat diet combined with MIAET on blood lipids and depression in those individuals. METHODS: Forty-two obese patients aged 30-50 years have been enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. They have been randomized equally into MIAET group (n=14, 60-70% of the maximum heart rate (Max HR), three sessions a week), a low-fat diet group (n=14, fat, 30% Kcal/day), and a low-fat diet plus MIAET (n=14) for 10 consecutive weeks. Body mass index (BMI), lipid profile, and Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) have been assessed in two occasions, pre and post- 10 weeks. RESULTS: It was demonstrated that a low-fat diet group showed an improvement in total cholesterol (T-Ch), p=0.046 with no changes in triglycerides (TGs), p=0.343, low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p=0.187, and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.224, however MIAET group showed an improvement in TGs, p=0.042, HDLs, p=0.038 with no changes in T-Ch, p=0.126 and LDLs, p=0.368. Regarding the low-fat diet plus MIAET group, significant improvements were identified in TGs, p=0.003, T-Ch, p˂0.001, LDLs, p=0.004, and HDLs, p˂0.001. For the depression status, all groups showed a significant improvement in HDRS, p˂0.001 with greater advantageous to a low-fat diet plus MIAET group, p˂0.05. CONCLUSION: The results of the current trial suggest an important implication for promoting improvement in blood lipids and a reduction in depression status in obese patients with dyslipidemia following 10-week concurrent of a low-fat diet and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise more than low-fat diet or MIAET alone.

5.
Burns ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burns to the thorax are at high risk for long-term pulmonary complications due to chest muscle contractures and chronic inflammation in both adolescents and young adults. Few studies have investigated the effects of arm cycling exercise in those individuals. For that reason, this study examined pulmonary function, functional capacity, and quality of life (QOL) in adolescents with thoracic burns subsequent to 2-month arm cycling exercise programme. METHODS: A single-blinded, two-month randomized prospective controlled study was carried out between July 2019 and March 2020 on thirty adolescents with chest burns aged 11-17 years. They were randomized into two equal groups (n = 15), traditional physiotherapy programme (control group), and arm cycling exercise plus traditonal physiotherapy (arm cycling exercise group) for 2 consecutive months. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), six-minute walk test (6MWT), and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) were measured in both groups at baseline and after 2-month after intervention. RESULTS: No statistical significance was detected at baseline between control and arm cycling exercise groups (FVC, p = 0.903, FEV1, p = 0.835, 6MWT, p = 0.817, and PedsQL, p = 0.612). 2 months after intervention showed statistical improvements in the arm cycling exercise group in all measures (FVC, p = 0.001, FEV1, p < 0.0001, 6MWT, p = 0.001, and PedsQL, p = 0.001) however, the control group showed statistical improvements in FVC, p = 0.044 and FEV1, p = 0.024 with non-statistically significant changes in 6MWT, p = 0.145 and PedsQL, p = 0.067. The arm cycling exercise group showed greater improvements than control group in the outcome measures (FVC, p = 0.034, FEV1, p < 0.017, 6MWT, p = 0.037, and PedsQL, p = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study clearly demonstrated positive and beneficial influences of two-month arm cycling exercise in the optimization of pulmonary functions, functional performance, and QOL in adolescents suffering from chest burns and thereby eliminating post-burn complications.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e25339, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on recovered COVID-19 patients after weaning from mechanical ventilation. Therefore, this study assessed the efficacy of IMT on recovered COVID-19 patients following mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Forty-two recovered COVID-19 patients (33 men and 9 women) weaned from mechanical ventilation with a mean age of 48.05 ±â€Š8.85 years were enrolled in this pilot control clinical study. Twenty-one patients were equipped to 2-week IMT (IMT group) and 21 matched peers were recruited as a control (control group). Forced vital capacity (FVC%), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%), dyspnea severity index (DSI), quality of life (QOL), and six-minute walk test (6-MWT) were assessed initially before starting the study intervention and immediately after intervention. RESULTS: Significant interaction effects were observed in the IMT when compared to control group, FVC% (F = 5.31, P = .041, ηP2 = 0.13), FEV1% (F = 4.91, P = .043, ηP2 = 0.12), DSI (F = 4.56, P = .032, ηP2 = 0.15), QOL (F = 6.14, P = .021, ηP2 = 0.17), and 6-MWT (F = 9.34, P = .028, ηP2 = 0.16). Within-group analysis showed a significant improvement in the IMT group (FVC%, P = .047, FEV1%, P = .039, DSI, P = .001, QOL, P < .001, and 6-MWT, P < .001), whereas the control group displayed nonsignificant changes (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: A 2-week IMT improves pulmonary functions, dyspnea, functional performance, and QOL in recovered intensive care unit (ICU) COVID-19 patients after consecutive weaning from mechanical ventilation. IMT program should be encouraged in the COVID-19 management protocol, specifically with ICU patients.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(5): 362-368, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685237

RESUMO

Objective: This study explored the different effects of pulsed high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus pulsed electromagnetic field (EMF) in the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain (ChNsLBP). Methods: Between August and December 2019, 51 ChNsLBP participants with a mean age of 35.2 ± 8.6 years were enrolled in this prospective comparative study. At random, they were divided into three groups, 17 in each; HILT, EMF, and controls. HILT group was recruited for Nd:YAG laser using the following parameters: a wavelength of 1064 nm, fluency of 610-810 mJ, frequency of 10-40 Hz, average power of 10.5 W, and 120 µs short pulse duration in scanning mode. All groups received the treatment twice a week for 8 consecutive weeks. They were assessed for the modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analog scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (flex ROM) before and after 8 weeks of study program. Results: The results showed greater improvement in the HILT group (VAS, PDI, MODI, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.001) than the EMF group (VAS, p = 0.002, PDI, p = 0.045, MODI, p = 0.002, and lumbar flex ROM, p = 0.042), with significant difference between the two groups in favor of the HILT group (p ˂ 0.05). Conclusions: Depending on the results of the study, both HILT and EMF are useful physiotherapy modalities in the treatment of ChNsLBP with HILT exhibiting better outcomes than EMF. Clinical recommendations should be highlighted to instigate the use of HILT in the management of musculoskeletal disorders, distinctively ChNsLBP.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Dor Lombar , Adulto , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Burns ; 47(3): 587-593, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both diabetes mellitus (DM) and burn injuries lead to physical and psychological impairments. Foot burns are still a challenging health condition because of its important sensory role. No previous studies have assessed the physical therapy intervention on diabetic patients with foot burns. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential efficacy of sensorimotor exercise on pain, proprioception, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. METHODS: Between July 2019 and February 2020, thirty-three diabetic patients with foot burns, aged 32 to 46yrs, were enrolled in this randomized control study, and randomized consecutively into two groups, study group (n=16) and control group (n=17). The study group underwent a sensorimotor exercise program thrice a week for 12 consecutive weeks, however the control group did not undergo the exercise intervention. Both groups were instructed to conduct home exercises. Visual analogue scale (VAS), proprioceptive responses, time-up and go (TUG) values, and short form-36 (SF-36) have been assessed prior and subsequent to the study intervention. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between groups regarding baseline data (p˃0.05). Subsequent to 12wk intervention, the study group showed significant improvements in outcome measures (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.003, and SF-36, p˂0.001) and the control group exhibited significant changes in VAS and SF-36 (p=0.004, p=0.043 respectively) however, no significant changes were found in proprioceptive responses and TUG values (p˃0.05). Between groups, the post-intervention comparison demonstrated statistical differences with tending toward the study group (proprioceptive responses, p˂0.05, VAS, p˂0.001, TUG, p=0.013, and SF-36, p=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Sensorimotor exercise training may improve, pain, proprioceptive responses, mobility, balance, and quality of life in diabetic patients with foot burns. Physiotherapists and rehabilitation providers should include the sensorimotor exercise in their protocols in the treatment of diabetic patients with foot burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Traumatismos do Pé/complicações , Córtex Sensório-Motor/lesões , Adulto , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pé/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/normas , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22098, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) is gradually increasing among populations worldwide and affects their activities. Recently, the Nd:YAG laser has been presented in the rehabilitation field. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the short-term effects of the Nd:YAG laser on chronic non-specific LBP individuals. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study from December 2019 to March 2020. Randomly, they were categorized to Nd:YAG group (n = 18) and sham laser as a control (n = 17) thrice weekly for a 6-week intervention. Modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (ROM) have been assessed pre and post-6 weeks of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .007; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .002), whereas the sham group showed no significant changes (MODI, P = .451; PDI, P = .339; VAS, P = .107; lumbar ROM, P = .296) after 6-week intervention. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in tending toward the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .046; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the present study outcomes, short-term pulsed Nd:YAG laser (6 weeks) may reduce functional disabilities and pain intensity, and improve the lumbar flexion ROM in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. Further well-designed randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes should be conducted regarding laser treatment.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Método Simples-Cego
11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15864, 2020 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985509

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to compare the effects of virtual reality training (VRT) and sensory-motor training (SMT) in bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) and inflammatory biomarkers expression in post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) after the anterior cruciate ligament injury. Through a simple random sampling method, 60 eligible participants were allocated into VRT (n = 20), SMT (n = 20), and control groups (n = 20). They underwent training programs for 4 weeks. Clinical (pain intensity and functional disability) and biochemical (bone morphogenic proteins and inflammatory biomarkers) values were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 3 months follow up. Four weeks following training, the VRT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and functional disability than SMT and control groups (P < 0.001). Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) measures such as BMP 2, 4, 6, and 7 don't show any significant changes between the groups. But at the same time, the VRT group shows positive improvement in inflammatory biomarkers (CRP, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6) analysis than the other two groups (P < 0.001). Our study suggests that including virtual reality training in PTOA shows beneficial changes in pain, functional disability, and modification of inflammatory biomarkers than sensory-motor training, but at the same time it shows a negligible effect on bone morphogenic proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/terapia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiopatologia , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/complicações , Realidade Virtual , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617104

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study is to find and compare the effects of isokinetic training and virtual reality training on sports performances in university football players with chronic low back pain. Design: This is a randomized, double-blinded controlled study. Methods: The study was conducted on 45LBP participants at university hospital. First group (n = 15) received isokinetic training, second group (n = 15) received virtual reality training, and the control group (n = 15) received conventional training exercises for four weeks. Clinical (pain intensity and player wellness) and sports performance (40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, countermovement jump, and squat jump) scores were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 6 months. Results: Four weeks following training VRT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and player wellness scores than IKT and control groups (p ≤ 0.001). Sports performance variables (such as 40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, countermovement jump, and squat jump) scores also show significant improvement in VRT group than the other two groups (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Overall, our study suggests that strength training through virtual reality training protocol improves pain and sports performances than isokinetic training and other conventional trainings in university football players with chronic low back pain.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351591

RESUMO

Objective: Limited studies have assessed the effect of moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise on hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. This study was designed to evaluate hepatic fat content and visceral lipids following moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise in hepatic patients with diabesity. Design: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial. Methods: Thirty-one diabetic obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease were recruited into this study. The patients were randomly classified into exercise and control groups, fifteen patients in the exercise group and sixteen patients in the control group. The exercise group received an 8-week moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise program with standard medical treatment, while the control group received standard medical treatment without any exercise program. Hepatic fat content and visceral lipids were assessed before and after intervention at the end of the study. Results: Baseline and clinical characteristics showed a nonsignificant difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). At the end of the intervention, the aerobic exercise showed significant improvements (serum triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), p ≤ 0.002, total cholesterol, p=0.004, visceral fats, p=0.016, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), p=0.022, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), p=0.038, alanine transaminases (AL), p=0.044, intrahepatic triglyceride and HOMA-IR, p=0.046, and body mass index (BMI), p=0.047), while the control group showed a nonsignificant difference (p > 0.05). The postintervention analysis showed significant differences in favor of the aerobic exercise group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Moderate-intensity continuous aerobic exercise reduces the hepatic fat content and visceral lipids in hepatic patients with diabesity. Recommendations should be prescribed for encouraging moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training, particularly hepatic patients with diabesity.

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