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1.
Burns ; 47(1): 206-214, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circumferential burn of chest (CBC) is a significant type of burn and considers as a major cause of restrictive lung disease (RLD). Patient who has CBC with RLD leads to respiratory symptoms such as breathing difficulty, airway obstruction, reduced exercise capacity and altered pulmonary functions. However, studies examining the role of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burn of chest are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find the short term effects of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burns of chest. METHODS: Through simple random sampling method thirty subjects (N = 30) with RLD following CBC were allocated to pranayama breathing exercise group (PBE-G; n = 15) and conventional breathing exercise group (CBE-G; n = 15). They received pranayama breathing exercise and conventional breathing exercise for 4 weeks respectively. All the subjects received chest mobility exercise as common treatment. Primary (Numeric Pain Rating Scale - NPRS, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and secondary (Electromyogram of sternocleidomastoid, scalene, external intercostal and diaphragm muscle, 6 min walk test & Global Rating of Change - GRC) outcome measures were measured at baseline, after four weeks and after three months follow up. RESULTS: Baseline demographic and clinical variables show homogenous distribution between the groups (p > 0.05). Four weeks following different breathing exercises, PBE-G group shows more significant changes in pain intensity, pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity, exercise tolerance and global rating of change than CBE-G group (p ≤ 0.05) at four weeks and three months follow up. CONCLUSION: Both groups showed improvement over time. However, differences between the groups were noticed small. Still physiotherapy management, which included pranayama breathing exercises with chest mobilization program, had an effective strategy in the treatment of restrictive lung disease following circumferential burn of chest.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/normas , Queimaduras/terapia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Exercícios Respiratórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Parede Torácica/anormalidades , Parede Torácica/lesões , Parede Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ioga
2.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e1017, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric depression disorder is common in patients with systolic congestive heart failure (HF), and both conditions share underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The incidence rate of depression disorder has clearly increased with the increase in HF manifestations in recent decades. Depression disorder is considered an independent predisposing factor for hospitalization, disturbed functional performance, and high rates of morbidity and mortality in HF patients. This randomized controlled study was designed to examine the impacts of low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training on depression status in patients with systolic congestive HF. METHODS: A total of 46 systolic congestive HF patients with depression (40-60 years of age) were randomized to receive twelve weeks of mild- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise plus standard medical treatment (exercise group) or standard medical treatment without any exercise intervention (control group). Depression status was examined using the validated Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) pre- and post-intervention at the end of the study program. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the exercise and control groups in demographic data or clinical characteristics (p>0.05). Both study groups showed a significant reduction in depression status at the end of the 12-week intervention (p<0.05). The comparison between the mean values of the depression scores showed significant differences between the two groups after 6 and 12 weeks of the intervention, indicating a greater reduction in depression scores in the exercise group than in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of a low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program was safe and effective for reducing depression severity in patients with systolic congestive HF. Low- to moderate-intensity aerobic training should be recommended for cardiac patients, particularly those with HF-related depression.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14895, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882705

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the association between physical activity level and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle aged and older adults in Egypt. Between May and August 2017, a cross-sectional study of 184 middle-aged and older adults between the ages of 55 and 64 years old (129 males and 55 females) with a mean age of 58 ±â€Š4.3 years old participated in this study. Study participants were classified into 3 groups based on their level of physical activity (walking duration); low level of physical activity (<150 minutes/week), moderate level of physical activity (150-300 minutes/week), and high level of physical activity (>300 minutes/week). The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was calculated using the Euro-Quality of life-5dimensions-3 levels scale questionnaire (EuroQol-5D-3L). Spearman's correlation coefficient was performed to determine the correlation between the physical activity level and HRQoL scores in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. The results showed a significant correlation between the physical activity levels and HRQoL dimensions. Significant differences were observed in the HRQoL scores between high, moderate and low-physical activity groups (P < .05). The moderate and high-physical activity groups had significantly higher HRQoL scores in all dimensions than low-physical activity group. The low-physical activity group showed a high predominance of the chronic disease compared to the high and moderate physical activity groups. It was concluded that high and moderate levels of physical activity have a great positive relationship with the HRQoL in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults in Egypt. Recommendations should be dedicated to supporting the active lifestyle among the different population, particularly middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Vida Independente/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Egito , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Clinics ; 74: e1017, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric depression disorder is common in patients with systolic congestive heart failure (HF), and both conditions share underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. The incidence rate of depression disorder has clearly increased with the increase in HF manifestations in recent decades. Depression disorder is considered an independent predisposing factor for hospitalization, disturbed functional performance, and high rates of morbidity and mortality in HF patients. This randomized controlled study was designed to examine the impacts of low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training on depression status in patients with systolic congestive HF. METHODS: A total of 46 systolic congestive HF patients with depression (40-60 years of age) were randomized to receive twelve weeks of mild- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise plus standard medical treatment (exercise group) or standard medical treatment without any exercise intervention (control group). Depression status was examined using the validated Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) pre- and post-intervention at the end of the study program. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the exercise and control groups in demographic data or clinical characteristics (p>0.05). Both study groups showed a significant reduction in depression status at the end of the 12-week intervention (p<0.05). The comparison between the mean values of the depression scores showed significant differences between the two groups after 6 and 12 weeks of the intervention, indicating a greater reduction in depression scores in the exercise group than in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of a low- to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise program was safe and effective for reducing depression severity in patients with systolic congestive HF. Low- to moderate-intensity aerobic training should be recommended for cardiac patients, particularly those with HF-related depression.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
5.
Afr Health Sci ; 18(4): 1236-1242, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30766590

RESUMO

Background: Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle fatiguability and exercise capacity in children with cystic fibrosis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive maximal exercise training of the lower extremities on exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability in children with cystic fibrosis. Study design: Between June and September 2017, eighteen children aged 8-12 years were recruited in this study. This study had two groups of children; the CF group consisted of nine children (6 males and 3 females) with cystic fibrosis and the control group consisted of nine healthy age matched children (6 males and 3 females). The children underwent a progressive maximal cardiopulmonary exercise cycling test (CPET), muscle fatigue test, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure a muscle cross-section area (CSA). Also, pulmonary functions were assessed. Results: The findings of this study showed that the CF children had less pulmonary functions, had a less exercise capacity, and had a higher breathing reserve index and oxygen desaturation when compared with healthy children (p<0.05). On the other hand, there was a non-significant difference in muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contraction between the CF and healthy children (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study indicates that progressive maximal exercise doesn't affect muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contraction in CF children with moderate respiratory diseases but includes lower exercise capacity. CF children and healthy age matched children have similar responses to maximal exercise in muscle fatiguability, muscle cross-section area, and maximal voluntary contractions but lower exercise capacity in the CF group.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística/fisiopatologia , Fibrose Cística/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Criança , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Oxigênio/sangue , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Testes de Função Respiratória
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