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1.
Contact Dermatitis ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of alcoholic-based hand rubs (ABHRs) is an important tool for hand hygiene, especially in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. Possible irritant effects of ABHR may prevent their use by persons at risk of infection. METHODS: This systematic review is based on a PubMed search of articles published between January 2000 and September 2019 in English and German, and a manual search, related to the irritation potential of alcohol-based disinfectants restricted to n-propanol (1-propanol) and its structural isomer isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol, 2-propanol). RESULTS: The majority of the included studies show a low irritation potential of n-propanol alone. However, recent studies provide evidence for significant barrier damage effects of repeated exposure to 60% n-propanol in healthy, as well as atopic skin in vivo. The synergistic response of combined irritants, (ie, a combination of n-propanol or isopropanol with detergents such as sodium lauryl sulfate) is greater, compared with a quantitatively identical application of the same irritant alone. CONCLUSION: While recent studies indicate a higher risk of skin irritation for n-propanol and isopropanol than reported in the past, this risk still seems to be lower than that for frequent handwashing with detergents, as recommended by some to prevent COVID-19 infections.

3.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 18(8): 841-847, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881258
7.
Mycoses ; 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Indian ITS genotype VIII Trichophyton mentagrophytes population shows a high amount of different erg1 (ergosterol) mutants encoding for squalene epoxidase, which catalyses the first step of ergosterol biosynthesis. OBJECTIVES: Illumination of the implication of point mutations at position Ala448Thr in single and double erg1 T mentagrophytes mutants because mutants of this type were abundantly found within the Indian fungal population. METHODS: Growth in fluconazole or terbinafine containing medium was analysed using a microplate-laser-nephelometry (MLN)-based growth assay. RESULTS: Ala 448 Thr erg1 single mutants were terbinafine sensitive, but about 50% of isolates showed an increased fluconazole resistance, whereas 95% of the double mutants (Phe 397 Leu, Ala 448Thr) demonstrated combined terbinafine and increased fluconazole resistance. CONCLUSION: The new Indian T mentagrophytes populations show several point mutations in erg1. Point mutations at position 397 were previously described and cause terbinafine resistance. A large part of the double mutants exhibit resistance to terbinafine and fluconazole, demonstrating a selective advantage of the combination of both mutations.

8.
Hautarzt ; 71(11): 899-902, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720167

RESUMO

Ringworm in cattle may cause an occupational skin disease in humans. Trichophyton verrucosum lead to a highly inflammatory fungal skin infection that is often misdiagnosed as bacterial disease and consequently mistreated with antibiotics. To establish the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to collect skin scales; in addition, a skin biopsy can be helpful. Deep dermatophyte infections by Trichophyton verrucosum can be treated effectively with oral terbinafine. In addition, it is necessary to pay careful attention to use suitable hygiene measures in the stables to protect against reinfection.


Assuntos
Tinha , Trichophyton , Animais , Bovinos , Fazendeiros , Humanos , Pele , Terbinafina , Tinha/diagnóstico , Tinha/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Dermatitis ; 31(4): 268-271, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragrance mix II (FM II) is included in the baseline patch test series recommended by the International Contact Dermatitis Research Group (ICDRG). Hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde (HICC) is the most important sensitizer of the 6 fragrance materials included in FM II. Besides being a part of FM II, HICC is also tested separately in the ICDRG baseline series. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of contact allergy to FM II and HICC in 2012-2016 with a focus on simultaneous reactions and the percentage of missed contact allergy to HICC provided that only FM II had been tested. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 25,019 consecutive dermatitis patients in 13 dermatology clinics representing 12 countries in 5 continents were patch tested with FM II and HICC in the baseline series. RESULTS: Contact allergy to FM II and HICC was found in 3.9% and 1.6%, respectively. For FM II, the frequency varied from 1.5% to 7.6% in different centers. The corresponding range for HICC was 0.2% to 3.6%. Simultaneous contact allergy to FM II and HICC was noted in 1.4% with the range 0.2% to 2.6%. Seventy-seven patients (0.31%) with contact allergy to HICC did not test positively to FM II. The range for missed HICC allergy by testing only FM II in the different centers would be 0.04% to 0.74%. The ratio between the contact allergy rates for FM II and HICC was similar for all centers, except for Montreal having significantly more contact allergy to FM II than to HICC. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of missed contact allergy to HICC when testing only with FM II was less than 0.5%, therefore questioning the need to test HICC separately in the ICDRG baseline series.

15.
Mycoses ; 63(6): 558-565, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Superficial fungal infections are often seen in day-to-day clinical practice, and their prevalence continues to rise worldwide. Over the years, a change in the pattern of dermatophytoses has been noted. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the epidemiologic profile of dermatophytes at the Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Jena, from 2007 to 2013. METHODS: The retrospective study was carried out with a total of 4556 samples collected from 3607 patients suspected of superficial fungal infections during the 7-year study period. RESULTS: Among the 3607 suspected patients, 1951 (54.09%) were men and 1656 (45.91%) were women. Of 4556 samples, 703 (15.43%) samples were positive for fungal culture, which included 585 (83.21%) dermatophytes and 118 (16.79%) non-dermatophytes. Trichophyton (T.) rubrum was the most common isolated pathogen in 73.33% of the dermatophyte cases. Among dermatophyte-infected patients, men were most likely to be affected (63.48%) as well as those of higher age (61 to 80). The most commonly affected areas were nails (33.16%) and feet (33%). T rubrum was recurrently isolated in several regions with exception of the scalp where M canis (58.33%) was the most frequently isolated pathogen. About 16.04% of cases had a history of treatment taken prior to sampling. The majority of the affected individuals did not have any prior animal contact (77.26%). T benhamiae was exclusively associated with contact to guinea pigs. CONCLUSION: Trichophyton rubrum was the most frequently isolated pathogen in several regions except the scalp. New dermatophyte species emerged with time especially T benhamiae.

19.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 146: 105271, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cucurbiturils (CB) are pumpkin-shaped macrocyclic molecules consisting of methylen-bridged glycoluril units. Because of their complexing characteristics, they can be used as drug containers for medical purposes. For future biomedical and dermal application of CB, the investigation of cell compatibility is essential. Little is known about the influence of CB on eukaryotic cells, especially on dermal keratinocytes. The structurally related cyclodextrins are known to induce cell death by apoptosis in HaCaT keratinocytes as well as hemolysis in erythrocytes. OBJECTIVE: To examine cytotoxic effects of different CB. METHODS: Different cytotoxicity tests were performed on HaCaT keratinocytes and erythrocytes incubated with CB[5], CB[6], and CB[7]. RESULTS: CB[5] and CB[6] did not lead to cytotoxic reactions at high concentrations up to 30 mg/mL whereas incubation with CB[7] triggered apoptosis at a concentration of 3.75 mg/mL. None of the investigated CB caused hemolytic effects on erythrocytes. CONCLUSION: These results confirm the high potential of CB as host-complexes for biomedical and dermal applications.

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