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Molecules ; 23(9)2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200443


Veratrum californicum is a rich source of steroidal alkaloids such as cyclopamine, a known inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. Here we provide a detailed analysis of the alkaloid composition of V. californicum by plant part through quantitative analysis of cyclopamine, veratramine, muldamine and isorubijervine in the leaf, stem and root/rhizome of the plant. To determine whether additional alkaloids in the extracts contribute to Hh signaling inhibition, the concentrations of these four alkaloids present in extracts were replicated using commercially available standards, followed by comparison of extracts to alkaloid standard mixtures for inhibition of Hh signaling using Shh-Light II cells. Alkaloid combinations enhanced Hh signaling pathway antagonism compared to cyclopamine alone, and significant differences were observed in the Hh pathway inhibition between the stem and root/rhizome extracts and their corresponding alkaloid standard mixtures, indicating that additional alkaloids present in these extracts are capable of inhibiting Hh signaling.

Alcaloides/farmacologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veratrum/química , Animais , Biomassa , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Caules de Planta/química , Padrões de Referência
Bioorg Med Chem ; 24(16): 3752-7, 2016 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27338657


Veratrum californicum, commonly referred to as corn lily or Californian false hellebore, grows in high mountain meadows and produces the steroidal alkaloid cyclopamine, a potent inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. The Hh pathway is a crucial regulator of many fundamental processes during vertebrate embryonic development. However, constitutive activation of the Hh pathway contributes to the progression of various cancers. In the present study, a direct correlation was made between the extraction efficiency for cyclopamine from root and rhizome by eight methods, and the associated biological activity in Shh-Light II cells using the Dual-Glo® Luciferase Assay System. Alkaloid recovery ranged from 0.39 to 8.03mg/g, with ethanol soak being determined to be the superior method for obtaining biologically active cyclopamine. Acidic ethanol and supercritical extractions yielded degraded or contaminated cyclopamine with lower antagonistic activity towards Hh signaling.

Alcaloides de Veratrum/farmacologia , Veratrum/química , Biomassa , Linhagem Celular , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Proteínas Hedgehog/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Veratrum/isolamento & purificação