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1.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 16(11): 2773-2778, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530357

RESUMO

Objectives: To determine the serotype distribution of pneumococcus causing invasive pneumococcal disease (meningitidis, bacteremia and empyema) in children in Turkey, and to observe potential changes in this distribution in time to guide effective vaccine strategies. Methods: We surveyed S. pneumoniae with conventional bacteriological techniques and with real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), blood and pleural fluid. S. pneumoniae strains were isolated from 33 different hospitals in Turkey, which are giving health services to approximately 60% of the Turkish population. Results: A total of 167 cases were diagnosed with invasive pneumococcal disease between 2015 and 2018. We diagnosed 52 (31.1%) patients with meningitis, 104 (62.2%) patients with bacteremia, and 11 (6.6%) patients with empyema. Thirty-three percent of them were less than 2 years old and 56% less than 5 years old. Overall PCV13 serotypes accounted for 56.2% (94/167). The most common serotypes were 19 F (11.9%), 1 (10.7%) and 3 (10.1%). Conclusions: Besides the increasing frequency of non-vaccine serotypes, vaccine serotypes continue to be a problem for Turkey despite routine and high-rate vaccination with PCV13 and significant reduction reported for the incidence of IPD in young children. Since new candidate pneumococcal conjugate vaccines with more serotype antigens are being developed, continuing IPD surveillance is a significant source of information for decision-making processes on pneumococcal vaccination.

2.
mSphere ; 5(2)2020 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213620

RESUMO

The etiology of bacterial meningitis in Turkey changed after the implementation of conjugated vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) in the Turkish National Immunization Program (NIP). Administration of Hib vaccine and PCV-7 (7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) was implemented in NIP in 2006 and 2009, respectively. In 2011, PCV-7 was replaced with PCV-13. Meningococcal vaccines have not yet been included in Turkish NIP. This prospective study comprised 27 hospitals located in seven regions of Turkey and represented 45% of the population. Children aged between 1 month and 18 years who were hospitalized with suspected meningitis were included. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected, and bacterial identification was made according to the multiplex PCR assay results. During the study period, 994 children were hospitalized for suspected meningitis, and Hib (n = 3, 2.4%), S. pneumoniae (n = 33, 26.4%), and Neisseria meningitidis (n = 89, 71%) were detected in 125 samples. The most common meningococcal serogroup was MenB. Serogroup W comprised 13.9% (n = 5) and 7.5% (n = 4) of the meningococci in 2015 to 2016 and 2017 to 2018, respectively. Serogroup C was not detected. There were four deaths in the study; one was a pneumococcus case, and the others were serogroup B meningococcus cases. The epidemiology of meningococcal diseases has varied over time in Turkey. Differing from the previous surveillance periods, MenB was the most common serogroup in the 2015-to-2018 period. Meningococcal epidemiology is so dynamic that, for vaccination policies, close monitoring is crucial.IMPORTANCE Acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) is one of the most common life-threatening infections in children. The incidence and prevalence of ABM vary both geographically and temporally; therefore, surveillance systems are necessary to determine the accurate burden of ABM. The Turkish Meningitis Surveillance Group has been performing a hospital-based meningitis surveillance study since 2005 across several regions in Turkey. Meningococcus was the major ABM-causing agent during the 2015-to-2018 period, during which MenB was the dominant serogroup.

3.
J Chemother ; 32(4): 213-216, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028863

RESUMO

Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis) is regarded as the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in many regions of the world. The empiric antimicrobial treatment is mainly based on antimicrobial resistance and patient characteristics. We aimed to analyze susceptibility patterns of N. meningitidis strains isolated in Turkey. Invasive meningococci collected in a multicenter, hospital-based, epidemiological surveillance study of pediatric (0-18 years of age) bacterial meningitis cases between 2013 and 2018 were studied. Five isolates (8.7%) displayed resistance to penicillin-G, while 13 isolates (22.8%) had intermediate susceptibility. All isolates were cefotaxime and rifampin susceptible. The data shows appropriateness of third-generation cephalosporins in empirical use for meningococcal infections in children. Since Turkey is located in a transition zone geographically, surveillance reports are very crucial.

4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e22-e25, 2020-02-00. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095684

RESUMO

La endocarditis infecciosa es infrecuente pero potencialmente mortal. Las presentaciones atípicas retrasan el diagnóstico. El compromiso neurológico es habitual en la endocarditis de la válvula mitral, aunque infrecuente en la endocarditis de la válvula tricúspide. Si bien se han informado algunos casos e el del lado derecho con síntomas neurológicos en adultos, en la bibliografía no se ha descripto en niños. Se presenta una niña de 9 años con comunicación interventricular (CIV) congénita con fiebre, cefalea y rigidez de nuca. Sus síntomas clínicos y los hallazgos en el líquido cefalorraquídeo respaldaron el diagnóstico de meningitis aséptica. El día 3 del tratamiento con ceftriaxona, se resolvieron los síntomas; tras nueve días, reingresó con fiebre y rigidez de nuca. Un ecocardiograma mostró endocarditis de la válvula tricúspide. Recibió tratamiento antibiótico durante 6 semanas. Se realizó una cirugía cardíaca para la CIV y la insuficiencia de la válvula tricúspide.


Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but a potentially life-threatening infectious disease. Atypical presentations cause delays in the diagnosis. Neurological involvement such as meningitis or meningismus, are especially common in mitral valve endocarditis, but unusual in tricuspid valve endocarditis. Although few cases of right-sided IE have been reported with neurological symptoms in adults, children have not been described in literature. A nine-year-old girl with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) was admitted with fever, headache and neck stiffness. Her clinical symptoms and cerebrospinal fluid findings supported the aseptic meningitis. On ceftriaxone therapy day 3, her complaints were resolved; nine days later she was admitted with fever and neck stiffness again. Further investigation for fever source with echocardiogram revealed a tricuspid valve endocarditis. Antibiotic therapy was completed after 6 weeks. Cardiac surgery was performed for VSD and tricuspid valvular insufficiency.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningite Asséptica/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Staphylococcus aureus , Comunicação Interventricular
5.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 118(1): e22-e25, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984703

RESUMO

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but a potentially life-threatening infectious disease. Atypical presentations cause delays in the diagnosis. Neurological involvement such as meningitis or meningismus, are especially common in mitral valve endocarditis, but unusual in tricuspid valve endocarditis. Although few cases of right-sided IE have been reported with neurological symptoms in adults, children have not been described in literature. A nine-year-old girl with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) was admitted with fever, headache and neck stiffness. Her clinical symptoms and cerebrospinal fluid findings supported the aseptic meningitis. On ceftriaxone therapy day 3, her complaints were resolved; nine days later she was admitted with fever and neck stiffness again. Further investigation for fever source with echocardiogram revealed a tricuspid valve endocarditis. Antibiotic therapy was completed after 6 weeks. Cardiac surgery was performed for VSD and tricuspid valvular insufficiency.

6.
Neurol Sci ; 41(3): 687-689, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713190

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in patients with febrile convulsion (FC). For this, patients that were diagnosed with FC in 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Those with epilepsy, motor/mental retardation, or spina bifida were excluded. Mid-stream urine samples were collected in children who were toilet trained while sterile bags were used in the smaller. Urinary tract infection (UTI) was defined as ˃ 5 leucocytes/HPF in urinalysis and a subsequent positive urine culture (≥ 10.000 CFU/ml). Children with UTI were further investigated via voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy for VUR. Urinalysis was present in 79 among a total of 181 patients (43.6%). Forty-five of the patients were male (57%). Mean age was 2.6 ± 1.4 years. UTI was diagnosed in 6 (7.6%) patients (5 females, 1 male). Three of the girls had recurrent febrile UTI and subsequently, VUR was diagnosed in two of them. VUR is found in 2.5% of the FC cases with urine sampling. Urinalysis should not be ignored in patients with FC as it may lead to diagnosis of VUR.


Assuntos
Convulsões Febris/diagnóstico , Convulsões Febris/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/diagnóstico , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Urinálise
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 644-647, dic. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046628

RESUMO

La enfermedad de Behçet (EB) es un trastorno de vasculitis sistémica poco frecuente, de etiología desconocida, que se caracteriza por la presencia de aftas bucales, úlceras genitales y uveítis recurrentes. Afecta los sistemas nerviosos central y periférico; raramente se produce durante la niñez. La meningitis aséptica aguda aislada es muy poco frecuente. En este artículo, se describe el caso de una paciente de 14 años con diagnóstico de enfermedad de Behçet con afectación neurológica (neuro-Behçet). La paciente tenía cefalea aguda, diplopia, papiledema e irritación meníngea. Tenía antecedentes de úlceras bucales recurrentes. Las imágenes por resonancia magnética de cerebro revelaron paquimeningitis. Los hallazgos en el líquido cefalorraquídeo fueron pleocitosis y aumento de la presión. Pese al tratamiento médico, sus síntomas no se resolvieron. No se detectó uveítis y la prueba de patergia fue negativa. El alelo HLA-B51 fue positivo. Se consideró que los hallazgos apuntaban a la poco frecuente enfermedad de Behçet con afectación neurológica. La paciente mejoró drásticamente luego del tratamiento con corticoesteroides. En el diagnóstico diferencial de meningitis, se debe considerar la EB, a menos que se demuestre la presencia de un agente infeccioso. Hasta donde sabemos, anteriormente no se había descrito un caso de paquimeningitis con neuro-Behçet en la población pediátrica.


Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare systemic vasculitis disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent oral and genital apthae and uveitis. It involves the central or peripheral nervous system; occurs rarely during childhood. Isolated acute aseptic meningitis is extremely uncommon. We report here a case of Neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) diagnosed in a 14-year-old girl. The patient presented acute headache, diplopia, papilla edema, and meningeal irritation. She had a history of recurrent oral ulcers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed pachymeningitis. Pleocytosis and pressure increase were the cerebrospinal fluid findings. Although medical therapy, her complaints were not resolved. Uveitis was not detected, pathergy test was negative. HLA-B51 allele was positive. The findings were considered to unusual NBD. The patient improved dramatically after steroid therapy. BD should be considered in differential diagnosis of meningitis unless an infectious agent is demonstrated. To our knowledge, a case of pachymeningitis with NBD, was not described in children.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Cefaleia , Meningite Asséptica/diagnóstico
8.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(6): e644-e647, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758902

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare systemic vasculitis disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent oral and genital apthae and uveitis. It involves the central or peripheral nervous system; occurs rarely during childhood. Isolated acute aseptic meningitis is extremely uncommon. We report here a case of Neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) diagnosed in a 14-year-old girl. The patient presented acute headache, diplopia, papilla edema, and meningeal irritation. She had a history of recurrent oral ulcers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed pachymeningitis. Pleocytosis and pressure increase were the cerebrospinal fluid findings. Although medical therapy, her complaints were not resolved. Uveitis was not detected, pathergy test was negative. HLA-B51 allele was positive. The findings were considered to unusual NBD. The patient improved dramatically after steroid therapy. BD should be considered in differential diagnosis of meningitis unless an infectious agent is demonstrated. To our knowledge, a case of pachymeningitis with NBD, was not described in children.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningite/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Behçet/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Meningite/tratamento farmacológico , Meningite/fisiopatologia
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 373-376, ago. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054939

RESUMO

La meningitis bacteriana recurrente es un fenómeno muy poco frecuente en los niños. Las fracturas de la base del cráneo y los implantes cocleares son factores predisponentes importantes, y el agente aislado con mayor frecuencia es el Streptococcus pneumoniae. La implementación de la vacuna neumocócica conjugada de 13 serotipos (VNC13) redujo la incidencia de enfermedades neumocócicas invasivas. La incidencia de enfermedades neumocócicas intercurrentes en pacientes vacunados suele estar relacionada con afecciones predisponentes preexistentes. En este artículo, presentamos un caso de meningitis neumocócica recurrente en una paciente con un implante coclear que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico luego de haber recibido la vacunación completa con la VNC13. La paciente tuvo tres episodios de meningitis en el transcurso de un año. Se detectó la presencia de S. pneumoniae en el cultivo de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) en el primer y tercer episodios, y mediante la prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR, por su sigla en inglés) en el segundo episodio. Se realizó una intervención neuroquirúrgica luego del tercer episodio de meningitis, y la paciente no tuvo problemas de recurrencias durante los siguientes dos años. Hasta donde sabemos, en la bibliografía no se han descrito casos de meningitis de serotipo 1 por S. pneumoniae luego de la inmunización completa con PCV13.


Recurrent bacterial meningitis is a very rare phenomenon in children. Skull base fractures and cochlear implant are the important predisposing factors and, Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most frequently isolated agent. Implementation of 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) has reduced the occurence of invasive pneumococcal diseases. Vaccination breakthrough is typically related to underlying predisposing conditions. Herein, we reported recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a patient with a cochlear implant who experienced a head trauma after being fully vaccinated with PCV13. The patient experienced three meningitis episodes within one year. S.pneumoniae was determined on CSF culture in the first and third episodes and detected by PCR at the second episode. Neurosurgical intervention was performed after the third meningitis episode, and the patient had no recurrence problems for the following two years. To our knowledge, breakthrough S.pneumoniae serotype 1 meningitis after full PCV13 immunization has not been reported elsewhere in the literature.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Meningite Pneumocócica , Implante Coclear , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas
10.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(4): e373-e376, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339278

RESUMO

Recurrent bacterial meningitis is a very rare phenomenon in children. Skull base fractures and cochlear implant are the important predisposing factors and, Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most frequently isolated agent. Implementation of 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) has reduced the occurence of invasive pneumococcal diseases. Vaccination breakthrough is typically related to underlying predisposing conditions. Herein, we reported recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a patient with a cochlear implant who experienced a head trauma after being fully vaccinated with PCV13. The patient experienced three meningitis episodes within one year. S.pneumoniae was determined on CSF culture in the first and third episodes and detected by PCR at the second episode. Neurosurgical intervention was performed after the third meningitis episode, and the patient had no recurrence problems for the following two years. To our knowledge, breakthrough S.pneumoniae serotype 1 meningitis after full PCV13 immunization has not been reported elsewhere in the literature.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Implantes Cocleares , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/complicações , Meningite Pneumocócica/etiologia , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(2): 155-157, abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1001173

RESUMO

El Streptococcus pneumoniae es la causa más frecuente de una neumonía complicada. La neumonía neumocócica necrosante (NNN) constituye una complicación rara y relacionada con el serotipo. Los serotipos 1, 3, 14, 15, 19A y 33 fueron los más frecuentemente informados en los niños con NNN antes de la inmunización. A pesar de la práctica extendida de la vacunación, el S. pneumoniae sigue siendo la causa de las enfermedades invasivas. Aquí se informa el caso de un niño que había recibido el esquema completo con la vacuna neumocócica conjugada de 13 serotipos (VCN13) diagnosticado con NNN del serotipo 3. La progresión de la enfermedad invasiva por S. pneumoniae debe considerarse a pesar de la inmunización completa.


Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of complicated pneumonia. Pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia (PNP) is a rare and serotype related complication. Serotypes 1, 3, 14, 15, 19A and 33 were the most reported serotypes in children with PNP before immunization. Despite widespread vaccination, S. pneumoniae is still cause of invasive diseases. We reported a child, fully immunized with 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) who was diagnosed PNP due to serotype 3. Breakthrough invasive infection caused by S. pneumoniae must be considered in mind despite fully vaccination.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Criança , Imunização , Pneumonia Necrosante
13.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(2): e155-e157, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869496

RESUMO

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of complicated pneumonia. Pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia (PNP) is a rare and serotype related complication. Serotypes 1, 3, 14, 15, 19A and 33 were the most reported serotypes in children with PNP before immunization. Despite widespread vaccination, S. pneumoniae is still cause of invasive diseases. We reported a child, fully immunized with 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) who was diagnosed PNP due to serotype 3. Breakthrough invasive infection caused by S. pneumoniae must be considered in mind despite fully vaccination.


Assuntos
Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Necrosante/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/diagnóstico , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pneumonia Necrosante/microbiologia , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/microbiologia , Sorogrupo , Streptococcus pneumoniae/classificação
14.
Turk J Pediatr ; 61(2): 267-270, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951339

RESUMO

Emiroglu M, Çelebi B. First report of human ehrlichiosis in Turkey. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 267-270. Ehrlichiosis, a tick-borne infection, can cause severe and fatal disease. A 6-year-old boy was admitted with fever, chills, malaise, headache, anorexia, rhinorrhoea, and cough lasting two days. He had had contact with a dog 10 days prior, and a tick had been removed the day before. Fever, minimal conjunctival injection, oropharyngeal hyperemia and cracked, hyperemic lips were observed. Laboratory tests were normal except for lymphopenia and hyponatremia. Cytoplasmic morulae in the monocytes and granulocytes were seen on peripheral blood smear. Doxycycline was started immediately, and the fever subsided within 48 hours. Given the Ehrlichia was positive but Anaplasma negative by real-time PCR, he was diagnosed as ehrlichiosis, subspecies identification could not be performed. This is the first human ehrlichiosis case in Turkey.


Assuntos
Ehrlichiose/diagnóstico , Febre/etiologia , Animais , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Cães , Ehrlichia/isolamento & purificação , Ehrlichiose/complicações , Febre/diagnóstico , Granulócitos , Cefaleia/sangue , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Turquia
16.
J Pediatr Neurosci ; 12(3): 259-261, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29204202

RESUMO

Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is defined as an inflammatory lesion of the spinal cord that extends to three or more segments. LETM is a commonly characteristic feature of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) or various autoimmune diseases. Manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection with LETM are rare and usually in the cervicothoracic spinal cord. Our patient presented with holocord LETM, so NMO was considered initially diagnosis. After in further research, MTB was diagnosed and treated successfully. The current case underscores that tuberculosis must be keep in mind when undertaking differential diagnosis of demyelinating diseases even in the absence of symptoms of infection, and especially in endemic regions.

17.
Pediatrics ; 139(1)2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27974589

RESUMO

Shunt infections are seen in 3% to 20% of patients who have cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts. Although the staphylococcal species are the most common cause of shunt-related infections, Gram-negative bacteria are increasingly reported with higher mortality rates. Tigecycline, a glycylcycline, is not approved for children. But in the era of nosocomial infections due to multidrug-resistant pathogens, it can be the life-saving option. We report an infant with ventriculoperitoneal shunt-related meningitis treated with a tigecycline combination regimen. A 5-month-old boy who had a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was admitted with meningitis. Extended spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae grew in the CSF. At the end of the fourth week of intravenous meropenem plus gentamicin therapy, carbapenem-resistant K pneumoniae grew in the CSF (mean inhibitory concentration value for meropenem >4 µg/mL, by E-test). The infected shunt was removed, and an external ventricular drainage catheter was inserted. With permission, intravenous tigecycline (1.2 mg/kg per dose twice a day) and intrathecal amikacin were added to the meropenem. Intrathecal amikacin could be given for only 7 days. On the sixth day of tigecycline treatment, the CSF was sterilized. Antibiotic therapy was given and consisted of a total of 60 days of meropenem and 20 days of tigecycline therapy. Because no available efficacy and safety data from randomized-controlled studies exist, tigecycline must be used only as salvage therapy, in combination with other drugs, for critically ill children who have no alternative treatment options.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Doenças do Prematuro/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Minociclina/análogos & derivados , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal , Amicacina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Lactente , Infusões Intravenosas , Injeções Espinhais , Masculino , Meropeném , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Uso Off-Label , Terapia de Salvação , Tienamicinas/uso terapêutico , Tigeciclina
18.
J Pediatr Neurosci ; 12(4): 344-345, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675073

RESUMO

DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome. The phenotype of DGS is highly variable involving facial, velopharyngeal, cardiac, immunologic, endocrinal, and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Although neural tube defects (NTDs) have not been described as components of DGS in standard pediatric textbooks, there have been a few case reports of DGS with NTDs. Furthermore, in patients with DGS, seizures can occur due to hypocalcemia or cortical dysgenesis. Few cases of epilepsy have been reported with NTDs without a cortical defect. Here, we report a case of an infant with DGS with a sacral myelomeningocele inherited from the mother. The infant developed epilepsy without hypocalcemia or cortical dysgenesis which is considered related to the sacral myelomeningocele.

19.
Case Rep Pediatr ; 2016: 7808734, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27957374

RESUMO

Acquired torticollis can be the result of several different pathological mechanisms. It is generally related to trauma, tumors, and inflammatory processes of the cervical muscles, nerves, and vertebral synovia. Although upper respiratory tract and neck inflammation are common causes of acute febrile torticollis in children, diseases with as yet undefined relationships may also result in torticollis. This is the case of spinal arachnoid cyst and pneumonia.

20.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 12(11): 2940-2945, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27454468

RESUMO

This is an observational epidemiological study to describe causes of bacterial meningitis among persons between 1 month and 18 y of age who are hospitalized with suspected bacterial meningitis in 7 Turkish regions. covering 32% of the entire population of Turkey. We present here the results from 2013 and 2014. A clinical case with meningitis was defined according to followings: any sign of meningitis including fever, vomiting, headache, and meningeal irritation in children above one year of age and fever without any documented source, impaired consciousness, prostration and seizures in those < 1 y of age. Single tube multiplex PCR assay was performed for the simultaneous identification of bacterial agents. The specific gene targets were ctrA, bex, and ply for N. meningitidis, Hib, and S. pneumoniae, respectively. PCR positive samples were recorded as laboratory-confirmed acute bacterial meningitis. A total of 665 children were hospitalized for suspected acute meningitis. The annual incidences of acute laboratory-confirmed bacterial meningitis were 0.3 cases / 100,000 population in 2013 and 0.9 cases/100,000 in 2014. Of the 94 diagnosed cases of bacterial meningitis by PCR, 85 (90.4%) were meningococcal and 9 (9.6%) were pneumococcal. Hib was not detected in any of the patients. Among meningococcal meningitis, cases of serogroup Y, A, B and W-135 were 2.4% (n = 2), 3.5% (n = 3), 32.9% (n = 28), and 42.4% (n = 36). No serogroup C was detected among meningococcal cases. Successful vaccination policies for protection from bacterial meningitis are dependent on accurate determination of the etiology of bacterial meningitis. Additionally, the epidemiology of meningococcal disease is dynamic and close monitoring of serogroup distribution is comprehensively needed to assess the benefit of adding meningococcal vaccines to the routine immunization program.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Meningites Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Meningites Bacterianas/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Estudos Prospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
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