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1.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(2): 99-105, 20210621.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283092

RESUMO

A wide variety of dental ceramics is launched every year. Therefore, clinicians should constantly study and update themselves to correctly indicate these materials. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association of dentists' academic aspects with their knowledge and the indication of dental ceramics for metal free restorations. All the dentists from private clinics who affirmed to perform prosthetic treatments on their patients in a Southern Brazilian city were personally invited to this research to avoid dropouts. Participants answered questions related to their knowledge of different dental materials, their information sources and usage frequency of ceramic materials, and related to their academic training/education. Chi-square tests were performed to evaluate the association among the outcomes (knowledge of different materials, information sources considered for material selection and their frequencies of use) and exposure variables (time since graduation and post-graduation degree). Significant associations were also submitted to Chi-square residual analysis. A response rate of 73.3% was reached. The most known and used materials were Y-TZP and porcelain veneered zirconia, respectively, whereas the least known was leucite-based ceramic. The majority of the professionals with at least 25 years since graduation claimed not to know lithium disilicate or leucite-based ceramics, and a significant number of these professionals allow the laboratory prostheses technician to choose the restorative material. In addition, most of dentists with no post-graduation said they did not have knowledge about leucite and lithium disilicate. It was evidenced that continuing education plays an important role in the dentists' attitudes regarding ceramic materials. (AU)


Uma grande variedade de cerâmicas é lançada no mercado a cada ano. Portanto, os clínicos devem se manter em constante estudo e atualização para indicar corretamente o uso desses materiais. Assim, este estudo transversal teve por objetivo avaliar a associação entre aspectos acadêmicos de dentistas com seus conhecimentos e as indicações de cerâmicas dentárias para uso em restaurações livres de metal. Para isso, todos os dentistas de clínicas privadas que afirmaram realizar tratamentos protéticos em seus pacientes em uma cidade do sul do Brasil foram pessoalmente convidados a participar desta pesquisa para evitar desistências. Os participantes responderam a questões relacionadas ao seu conhecimento sobre diferentes materiais dentários, suas fontes de informação, a frequência de uso de materiais cerâmicos, e, também, sobre sua formação acadêmica. Testes qui-quadrado foram realizados para avaliar a associação entre os desfechos (conhecimento de diferentes materiais, fontes de informação consideradas para a seleção do material e sua frequência de uso) e as variáveis de exposição (tempo desde a graduação e grau de pós-graduação). As associações significativas foram submetidas à análise de resíduos do qui-quadrado. A taxa de resposta obtida foi de 73,3%. O material mais conhecido e usado foi a Y-TZP e zircônia recoberta por porcelana, respectivamente, enquanto que o material menos conhecido foi a cerâmica a base de leucita. A maioria dos profissionais com pelo menos 25 desde a graduação afirmaram não conhecer as cerâmicas a base de dissilicato de lítio ou leucita, e um significativo número desses profissionais permitem que o técnico em prótese dentária escolha o material restaurador. Ainda, a maioria dos dentistas sem pós-graduação disseram não conhecer as cerâmicas a base de dissilicato de lítio ou leucita. Concluiu-se que a educação continuada é um fator determinante nas atitudes de dentistas em relação aos materiais cerâmicos. (AU)

2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(2): e2119244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of early childhood malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: 7-year cohort study involving 639 preschoolers (1 to 5 years) who had been evaluated initially with a survey conduced in 2010. Children completed the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) to assess OHRQoL during the follow-up period. Exploratory variables were collected at baseline, including the presence and severity of malocclusion (overjet and lip coverage). Socioeconomic characteristics, oral health behavior, and patterns of dental attendance were also investigated. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to fit the association between malocclusion and OHRQoL. With this approach, incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 449 children were re-evaluated (follow-up rate, 70.3%). The prevalence of accentuated overjet and inadequate lip coverage was 13.5% and 11.9%, respectively. The mean (±SD) CPQ8-10 score was 10.57±10.32. The presence of inadequate lip coverage was associated with higher overall mean CPQ8-10 scores (IRR 1.51; 95% CI 1.29-1.77), and social well-being, emotional well-being, and functional limitation domains. Children with accentuated overjet (>3mm) also demonstrated higher overall scores on the CPQ8-10 than their normal counterparts. The presence of this condition also influenced the oral symptom (IRR 1.29; 95% CI 1.08-1.53) and emotional well-being (IRR 1.30; 95% CI 1.02-1.66) domains. CONCLUSION: Results of the present study suggest that early childhood malocclusion is a risk factor for low OHRQoL in future.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Má Oclusão , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Caries Res ; 55(3): 167-173, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789289

RESUMO

The development of dental caries in first permanent molars has been extensively investigated. However, studies are inconclusive in determining the influence of contextual and individual factors on dental caries incidence in this group of teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of contextual and individual factors on dental caries incidence in first permanent molars. This 7-year cohort study was conducted with children (1-5 years of age) who had been assessed initially in a survey performed in 2010. Dental caries was assessed at the baseline through the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). Contextual and individual variables were collected at baseline and included the presence of cultural community centers in the neighborhood as well as demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and biological characteristics. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to investigate the influence of individual and contextual characteristics on dental caries incidence in first permanent molars (relative risk [RR] and 95% confidence interval [CI]). Of the 639 children examined at baseline, a total of 449 were reassessed after 7 years (70.3% retention rate). Children who lived in neighborhoods with cultural community centers had a lower risk of dental caries in first permanent molars at the follow-up (RR 0.78; 95% CI 0.62-0.99). Children from families with a low income (RR 1.34; 95% CI 1.03-1.76) and poor parental perception of children's oral health (RR 1.56; 95% CI 1.18-2.06) were associated with a higher risk of dental caries in first molars. In conclusion, individual and contextual determinants showed an important role in the incidence of caries in first permanent molars.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Dente Molar
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119244, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1249700

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the influence of early childhood malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods: 7-year cohort study involving 639 preschoolers (1 to 5 years) who had been evaluated initially with a survey conduced in 2010. Children completed the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) to assess OHRQoL during the follow-up period. Exploratory variables were collected at baseline, including the presence and severity of malocclusion (overjet and lip coverage). Socioeconomic characteristics, oral health behavior, and patterns of dental attendance were also investigated. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to fit the association between malocclusion and OHRQoL. With this approach, incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 449 children were re-evaluated (follow-up rate, 70.3%). The prevalence of accentuated overjet and inadequate lip coverage was 13.5% and 11.9%, respectively. The mean (±SD) CPQ8-10 score was 10.57±10.32. The presence of inadequate lip coverage was associated with higher overall mean CPQ8-10 scores (IRR 1.51; 95% CI 1.29-1.77), and social well-being, emotional well-being, and functional limitation domains. Children with accentuated overjet (>3mm) also demonstrated higher overall scores on the CPQ8-10 than their normal counterparts. The presence of this condition also influenced the oral symptom (IRR 1.29; 95% CI 1.08-1.53) and emotional well-being (IRR 1.30; 95% CI 1.02-1.66) domains. Conclusion: Results of the present study suggest that early childhood malocclusion is a risk factor for low OHRQoL in future.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da má oclusão na primeira infância na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB). Métodos: Este estudo de coorte de 7 anos envolveu 639 pré-escolares (1 a 5 anos) que foram avaliados inicialmente em um levantamento transversal conduzido em 2010. As crianças completaram a versão brasileira do Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) para avaliar sua QVRSB no período do acompanhamento. Variáveis exploratórias foram coletadas na linha de base, incluindo a presença e severidade de má oclusão (sobressaliência e cobertura labial). Características socioeconômicas, hábitos de saúde bucal e padrões de assistência odontológica também foram investigados. Um modelo de regressão de Poisson multinível foi utilizado para medir a associação entre má oclusão e QVRSB. Com essa abordagem, calculou-se a razão de taxa de incidência (IRR, incidence rate ratio) e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC 95%). Resultados: No total, 449 crianças foram reavaliadas (taxa de acompanhamento de 70,3%). A prevalência de sobressaliência acentuada e cobertura labial inadequada foi de 13,5% e 11,9%, respectivamente. A média±DP de pontuação do CPQ8-10 foi 10,57±10,32. A presença de selamento labial inadequado foi associada com maiores médias na pontuação total do CPQ8-10 (IRR 1,51; IC 95% 1,29-1,77) e nos domínios de bem-estar social, bem-estar emocional e limitação funcional. Crianças com sobressaliência acentuada (>3 mm) também demonstraram médias nas pontuações do CPQ8-10 total maiores do que suas contrapartes normais. A presença dessa condição também influenciou os domínios de sintomas bucais (IRR 1,29; IC 95% 1,08-1,53) e bem-estar emocional (IRR 1,30; IC 95% 1,02-1,66). Conclusão: Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que a má oclusão na primeira infância é um fator de risco para baixa QVRSB no futuro.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Cárie Dentária , Má Oclusão , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos de Coortes , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia
5.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(4): 459-467, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an improvement in oral health status among people who receive preventive dental care during their lifetime, highlighting the possible effect in resolving oral health problems and consequently oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). AIM: Assessed the effect of routine dental attendance on child OHRQoL. DESIGN: This cohort study used baseline data from 639 preschoolers from 2010. After 7 years, 449 children were re-examined (70.3%). Mothers of the children completed a questionnaire collecting data on the pattern of use of dental services. Children were classified as adhering to long-term routine dental attendance according to their pattern of use (routine vs curative) in the baseline and in follow-up. The child OHRQoL was assessed through the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10). The association between routine dental attendance and child OHRQoL was assessed using multilevel Poisson regression models. RESULTS: The proportion of participants who reported the worst CPQ8-10 scores were higher among those who, at some point in their life, experienced a curative dental attendance. Also, the mean CPQ8-10 was two times higher for non-routine dental attendance. CONCLUSION: The findings showed that there is an impact of long-term routine attendance on child OHRQoL. This is important for tackling oral health iniquities.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
RFO UPF ; 24;(2): 242-249, maio/ago. 2 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049440

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a associação do nível socioeconômico da família e o grau de conhecimento dos pais sobre saúde bucal e a experiência de cárie e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal de escolares de 12 anos no município de Estação, RS. Métodos: a partir de um levantamento epidemiológico, 50 crianças (taxa de resposta: 81%) foram avaliadas por meio de exame clínico bucal, utilizando como critério de diagnóstico o índice de dentes permanentes cariados, perdidos e obturados (CPO-D), e entrevista estruturada, utilizando a versão brasileira reduzida do Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ 11-14), para medir o impacto das condições de saúde bucal na qualidade de vida. Os responsáveis responderam um questionário sobre condição socioeconômica da família, procura por atendimento odontológico e conhecimentos sobre saúde bucal. Foram considerados três desfechos distintos: experiência de cárie, presença de cárie não tratada e a severidade do CPQ 11-14. Resultados: a prevalência de cárie foi de 46%; desses, 24% possuíam pelo menos um dente com cavidade de cárie não tratada. A experiência de cárie e presença de lesões não tratadas foram associadas a fatores psicológicos, como a autopercepção em saúde bucal, e fatores socioeconômicos (possuir plano de saúde e tipo de serviço odontológico utilizado). Além disso, a autopercepção também se mostrou associada a fatores socioeconômicos e ao conhecimento dos pais sobre saúde bucal. Conclusão: fatores psicossociais, nível econômico da família e conhecimentos dos pais sobre saúde bucal estão associados à ocorrência de cárie e ao maior impacto na qualidade de vida em escolares.


Objective: this study assessed the association of the socioeconomic status of families and the knowledge of parents regarding oral health in caries experience, as well as the oral health-related quality of life of 12-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Estação, RS, Brazil. Methods: an epidemiological survey included the assessment of 50 children (response rate: 81%) through clinical oral examinations using the index of permanent decayed, missed and filled teeth (DMF-T) as diagnostic criterion. Structured interviews were also conducted using the Brazilian short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) to measure the impact of oral health conditions on quality of life. The parents answered a questionnaire about the socioeconomic status of the family, search for dental care, and oral health knowledge. Three different outcomes were considered: caries experience, presence of untreated caries, and severity of CPQ11-14. Results: The prevalence of caries was 46% from which 24% presented at least one tooth with an untreated cavity. Caries experience and the presence of untreated caries were associated with psychological factors (oral health self-perception) and socioeconomic factors (having health insurance and type of dental service used). In addition, oral health self-perception was associated with socioeconomic factors and the knowledge of parents on oral health. Conclusion: psychosocial factors, economic status of the family, and the knowledge of parents on oral health are associated with the occurrence of caries and the higher impact on the quality of life in schoolchildren.

7.
Qual Life Res ; 28(7): 1773-1782, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963360

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Social capital incorporates both contextual and individual levels of interactions and influences health. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of neighborhood and individual social capital on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children. METHODS: This 7-year cohort study was conducted with 639 children (1-5 years) who had been evaluated initially with a survey administered in 2010. OHRQoL was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) in the follow-up. Contextual variables related to social capital were collected during the baseline and included the presence of social class associations, workers' associations, and cultural community centers. Individual variables included individual social networks, socioeconomic variables, and oral health measures (dental caries and overjet). A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to investigate the influence of individual and contextual characteristics on OHRQoL. With this approach, we calculated incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: From the 639 preschoolers examined at baseline, a total of 449 children were re-evaluated after 7 years (70.3% response rate). Children who lived in areas with social class associations at baseline reported better OHRQoL in the follow-up (IRR 0.79; 95% CI 0.67-0.93). Regarding individual variables, low socioeconomic status, poor clinical conditions, and weak social networks were also associated with higher overall CPQ8-10 scores. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of individual and neighborhood social capital in early childhood positively influenced children's OHRQoL. This finding is important in planning public health policies to improve children's health and well-being.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Capital Social , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Lactente , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Características de Residência , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(4): 413-421, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30748054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Besides the growth in Brazilian public oral health investments, no pre-school children preventive policies were done, and surveys demonstrated lower prevalences of use of dental service. AIM: To verify trends in the use, type, and reason for seeking dental services among pre-school children considering time variations. METHODS: This study used data of clinical examinations and structured interviews of three cross-sectional surveys of southern pre-school children in Brazil, from 2008, 2010, and 2013. Chi-square test for trends and hierarchical age-period-cohort (HAPC) analysis using the multilevel Poisson regression model assessing the influence of social and clinical variables in the use, type, and reason for seeking dental services were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1765 pre-school children participated in all surveys. At least, one time-related variation affected one of three assessed outcomes. There was no significant change in prevalence of the use of dental services (75.8%, 77.4%, and 74.9%, respectively, for each year; P = 0.750). In the HAPC analysis, younger children and from low socio-economic backgrounds were less likely to have visited the dentist. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of use of oral health services did not change and socio-economic inequalities persisted through the years, indicating a need of reviewing the policies to promote public health.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Efeito de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(6): 2291-2297, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29318386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to assess the effect of dental treatment on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents from a city in South Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 129 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years who received dental caries treatment in a university clinic in Santa Maria, Brazil. The OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11-14). The questionnaire was administered through face-to-face interviews before treatment and 1 month after its completion. Paired t tests and effect sizes were used to evaluate changes in CPQ11-14 scores after completion of treatment. RESULTS: In total, 43.4% of the study participants received solely restorations, 15.5% received endodontic treatment, and 44.2% underwent tooth extractions. The mean CPQ11-14 score before treatment was 15.9 ± 10.3, which decreased to 6.3 ± 6.5 after treatment (P < 0.001). The same pattern was observed in the four domains of CPQ11-14 (oral symptoms, functional limitation, emotional well-being, and social well-being). The effect sizes varied from 0.4 to 1.1, with oral symptoms and emotional well-being domains showing the greatest changes. CONCLUSIONS: Dental treatment resulted in a significant improvement in the OHRQoL of the evaluated adolescents. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Providing dental treatment has beneficial effects on the quality of life of adolescents, especially for oral symptoms and emotional well-being.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 28(2): 207-216, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28833769

RESUMO

AIM: This two-year cohort study evaluated whether the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) is responsive to detect changes related to dental caries. DESIGN: Preschool children were examined in 2010 regarding dental caries, and their parents responded to the ECOHIS. After 2 years, 352 children (response rate = 73.6%) were re-examined and a new ECOHIS was responded. Children were categorized according to caries increment (no new caries, 1-3 surfaces with new lesions, and four or more decayed surfaces). The outcome variables were related to the decline of quality of life as determined via ECOHIS: decline, severe decline, and differences between baseline and follow-up scores. Effect sizes (ES) were calculated, and the associations were evaluated through Poisson regression. RESULTS: ES was small for children with 1-3 new lesions (ES = 0.19) and moderate for children with four or more new carious lesions (ES = 0.61). Children who developed 1-3 new lesions were significantly associated with all outcome variables compared to children with no new lesions, but the associations were stronger for children with four or more new carious lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The ECOHIS is sensitive to the deterioration of quality of life due to caries increments in preschool children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Caries Res ; 52(1-2): 32-41, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29232677

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of initial noncavitated caries lesions on cavitated caries increment in preschool children. A 2-year cohort study was designed to include the participants of a survey on dental caries performed in 2010. Preschool children (12-59 months old) were examined for dental caries and classified as children with no caries lesions, with only initial lesions, with at least 1 moderate caries lesion, and with extensive lesions. Socioeconomic data were also collected. After 2 years, 466 children were re-examined (follow-up rate of 72.9%) only for cavitated lesions. Association between caries incidence at 2 levels of severity and caries experience and other variables was evaluated using hierarchical Poisson regression analysis. The children with moderate and extensive caries lesions at baseline presented a higher risk of presenting both outcomes than the children with no caries lesions. Nevertheless, the children with only initial lesions had a higher risk of developing at least 1 new cavitated carious lesion, but not for a more severe increment in caries. Subgroup analysis stratified by the children's age showed that the influence of the presence of initial caries lesions on cavitated caries increment was only observed in children aged 12-35 months. In conclusion, although the presence of moderate and extensive lesions at baseline is a significant predictor for cavitated caries increment after 2 years in preschool children at all ages, the presence of only initial caries lesions is also associated, but with less severe caries incidence.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Braz Dent J ; 27(5): 613-618, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982244

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the administration of the Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire, applied by face-to-face and telephone format. A randomized sample of 76 parents/guardians of children up to 6 years old was selected in a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil. Patients were randomly selected for 2 different groups, according to administration sequence: F-T (Face-to-face-Telephone) and T-F (Telephone-Face-to-face). Two interviewers administered the ECOHIS questionnaire with 2 week interval between the methods. The reliability between sections of the different methods of administration was assessed by Cronbach's alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). There were differences in means of the ECOHIS between face-to-face and telephone methods. However, the value Cronbach's alpha were between 0.94-0.96, and value ICC ranged from 0.91-0.93, proving to be acceptable values. The Bland-Altman plots confirmed the results of reliability tests, supporting the accuracy of the methods. Although there is a slight difference in the scores, the use of both mode of administration of the ECOHIS yields reliable data when single method is used from the beginning to the end of the study. The results provided evidence to use either Face-to-face or Telephone method of administration of the ECOHIS.


Assuntos
Entrevistas como Assunto , Saúde Bucal , Telefone , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 30(1): e112, 2016 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27737365

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess trends in traumatic crown injuries (TCIs), their prevalence, and association with socioeconomic and clinical factors in preschool children over a 5-year period. A series of cross-sectional surveys was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil, on children attending a National Day of Children's Vaccination. The same protocol was used in all surveys conducted in 2008, 2010, and 2013. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate types of traumatic crown injuries using the O'brien index. A semi-structured questionnaire was answered by the parents. It provided information about several socioeconomic factors as well as the parents' perception of their child's oral health. The chi-square for trends test was used to verify changes in TCI prevalence throughout the years. The association between socioeconomic and clinical factors with TCI was assessed by the Poisson regression analysis. A total of 1,640 children were examined. The prevalence of TCIs decreased significantly from 2008 to 2013 (10.12%; p < 0.001). Central incisors were the most vulnerable to injury, independent of the year. Moreover, older children and those with inadequate lip coverage were more likely to present with some traumatic dental injury (p < 0.001). prevalence of traumatic crown injuries decreased following the years, however TCI remain an important subject to consider when planning oral health policies.


Assuntos
Coroa do Dente/lesões , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 613-618, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-828037

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the administration of the Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire, applied by face-to-face and telephone format. A randomized sample of 76 parents/guardians of children up to 6 years old was selected in a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Maria, Brazil. Patients were randomly selected for 2 different groups, according to administration sequence: F-T (Face-to-face-Telephone) and T-F (Telephone-Face-to-face). Two interviewers administered the ECOHIS questionnaire with 2 week interval between the methods. The reliability between sections of the different methods of administration was assessed by Cronbach's alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). There were differences in means of the ECOHIS between face-to-face and telephone methods. However, the value Cronbach's alpha were between 0.94-0.96, and value ICC ranged from 0.91-0.93, proving to be acceptable values. The Bland-Altman plots confirmed the results of reliability tests, supporting the accuracy of the methods. Although there is a slight difference in the scores, the use of both mode of administration of the ECOHIS yields reliable data when single method is used from the beginning to the end of the study. The results provided evidence to use either Face-to-face or Telephone method of administration of the ECOHIS


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a administração da versão brasileira do questionário Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS), aplicado através de entrevista pessoal e por telefone. Uma amostra randomizada de 76 pais/responsáveis de crianças de até 6 anos de idade foi selecionada na Clínica de Odontopediatria da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brasil. Os pacientes foram selecionados aleatoriamente para 2 grupos diferentes, de acordo com a sequência de administração: E-T (Entrevista Pessoal-Telefone) e T-E (Telefone-Entrevista Pessoal). Dois entrevistadores aplicaram o questionário ECOHIS com um intervalo de 2 semanas entre os métodos. A confiabilidade entre as seções dos diferentes métodos de administração foi avaliada pelo Alfa de Cronbach e Coeficiente de Correlação Intraclasse (ICC). Houve diferenças nas médias do ECOHIS entre os métodos de entrevista pessoal e telefone. No entanto, os valores de Alfa de Cronbach foram entre 0,94-0,96 e ICC entre 0,91-0,93, mostrando valores aceitáveis. O gráfico de Blant-Altman confirmou os resultados dos testes de confiabilidade, suportando a acurácia dos métodos. Embora exista uma pequena diferença nos escores, o uso de ambos os métodos de administração do ECOHIS produz dados confiáveis quando um único método é utilizado do início até o final do estudo. Os resultados forneceram evidências para usar tanto entrevista pessoal quanto por telefone como métodos de administração do ECOHIS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Entrevistas como Assunto , Saúde Bucal , Telefone , Brasil
15.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 44(3): 292-300, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26892250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the impact of the presence of initial and other stages of dental caries on the impairment of oral health-related quality of life in preschool children (COHRQoL) through a cohort study. METHODS: During an epidemiological survey, 478 children (12-59 months old) were examined for dental caries using the International Caries and Detection Assessment System (ICDAS), and their parents answered the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS). Children were categorized based on the presence of dental caries as follows: children with no caries lesions, children with only initial lesions (ICDAS scores 1 and 2), children with at least one moderate lesion (ICDAS scores 3 and 4) and children with extensive lesions (ICDAS scores 5 and 6). After 2 years, 352 children were re-examined for the presence of dentine cavitations, and their parents completed a new ECOHIS questionnaire. Multilevel Poisson regression analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of the presence of different stages of caries lesions at the baseline on COHRQoL impairment at the follow-up, considering two outcome variables: worsening and severe worsening of COHRQoL. Relative risk values (RR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Worsening or severe worsening of the COHRQoL at the follow-up were observed only in children with moderate lesions (RR = 2.00; 95% CI = 1.30-3.08 and RR = 2.38; 95% CI = 1.31-4.34, respectively) or children with extensive lesions (RR = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.10-2.30 for worsening and RR = 1.88; 95% CI = 1.13-3.12 for severe worsening). On the other hand, the presence of only initial caries lesions was not a significant predictor of COHRQoL impairment. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of only initial caries lesions does not impair COHRQoL of preschool children; however, moderate and extensive lesions are risk factors for worsening of the COHRQoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 26(2): 116-24, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25923059

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the risk of sound surfaces, and initial and moderate caries lesions to progress to dentine cavitation in preschool children. DESIGN: A cohort study was designed with 639 children (12-59 months old) who had been examined by visual inspection during a survey in 2010. After 2 years, 469 children were re-examined regarding the presence of dentine cavitations. The probability of progression was calculated for sound and carious (initial and moderate lesions) surfaces. Relative risk of progression and 95% confidence intervals for each condition compared with sound surfaces were calculated using multilevel Poisson regression analysis. Association with explanatory variables, including caries experience of the children, was also investigated. RESULTS: The higher the initial score attributed to the dental surface, the more likely was the progression. Moreover, children with severe lesions at baseline had higher risk of having a sound surface or a non-cavitated caries lesion progressing to cavitation when compared with caries-free children; however, this increased risk was not observed in children with only initial caries lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Initial caries lesions present a low frequency of progression. Moreover, sound surfaces and initial caries lesions in children already presenting cavitations are more likely to progress to more severe conditions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/patologia , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Dentina/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Dente Decíduo
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e112, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-952000

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess trends in traumatic crown injuries (TCIs), their prevalence, and association with socioeconomic and clinical factors in preschool children over a 5-year period. A series of cross-sectional surveys was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil, on children attending a National Day of Children's Vaccination. The same protocol was used in all surveys conducted in 2008, 2010, and 2013. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate types of traumatic crown injuries using the O'brien index. A semi-structured questionnaire was answered by the parents. It provided information about several socioeconomic factors as well as the parents' perception of their child's oral health. The chi-square for trends test was used to verify changes in TCI prevalence throughout the years. The association between socioeconomic and clinical factors with TCI was assessed by the Poisson regression analysis. A total of 1,640 children were examined. The prevalence of TCIs decreased significantly from 2008 to 2013 (10.12%; p < 0.001). Central incisors were the most vulnerable to injury, independent of the year. Moreover, older children and those with inadequate lip coverage were more likely to present with some traumatic dental injury (p < 0.001). prevalence of traumatic crown injuries decreased following the years, however TCI remain an important subject to consider when planning oral health policies.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Coroa do Dente/lesões , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Fatores Etários , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(6): 689-694, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-769551

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the influence of race/ethnicity on Brazilian children' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). A multistage random sampling selected a representative sample of 1,134 twelve-years-old children from public schools of Santa Maria, a city in Southern Brazil. Participants were examined by 4 calibrated clinicians (minimum Kappa-value for inter-examiner agreement of 0.8) and the Brazilian short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) was administered. The children's parents or guardians answered questions regarding their demographics and socioeconomic status. Associations were analyzed using multilevel Poisson regression models. Children from racial/ethnic minority groups had poorer OHRQoL. The mean CPQ11-14 score was 1.08 times higher for non-white children than their white counterparts' score. "Social" and "Emotional well-being" were the most affected domains for non-white children, with significantly higher mean scores as compared to white children (RR 1.19, 95% CI, 1.07-1.33; and RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.04-1.24). This association remained significant even after adjusting for individual and contextual covariates. OHRQoL disparities are prevalent among children from racial/ethnic minority groups. Non-white children have lower OHRQoL compared to white children.


Resumo Este estudo transversal avaliou a influência da raça/etnia na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de crianças brasileiras. O processo de amostragem aleatório selecionou uma amostra representativa de 1.134 crianças de 12 anos de idade de escolas públicas de Santa Maria, uma cidade do sul do Brasil. Os participantes foram examinados por 4 clínicos calibrados (valor mínimo de Kappa para concordância inter-examinador de 0,8) e a versão brasileira reduzida do questionário Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ 11-14) foi aplicada a cada um. Os pais ou responsáveis pelos crianças responderam a questões relacionadas à suas características demográficas e socioeconômicas. As associações foram analisadas utilizando modelos multiníveis com regressão de Poisson. Crianças de grupos étnico/raciais minoritários tiveram pior QVRSB. O escore médio do CPQ 11-14 foi 1,08 maior para crianças não-brancos do que o escore dos seus pares. Os domínios "Bem-Estar Social" e "Bem-Estar Emocional" foram os mais afetados para crianças não-brancos, com escores médios significativamente maiores quando comparados aos crianças brancos (RR 1,19, 95% IC, 1,07-1,33; e RR 1,14; 95% IC 1,04-1,24). Essa associação permaneceu significante mesmo após ajustes por covariáveis individuais e contextuais. Disparidades na QVRSB são prevalentes entre crianças de grupos étnico/raciais minoritários. Crianças não-brancas tiveram pior QVRSB comparados aos crianças brancos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Distribuição de Poisson , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Braz Dent J ; 26(6): 689-94, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26963218

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the influence of race/ethnicity on Brazilian children' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). A multistage random sampling selected a representative sample of 1,134 twelve-years-old children from public schools of Santa Maria, a city in Southern Brazil. Participants were examined by 4 calibrated clinicians (minimum Kappa-value for inter-examiner agreement of 0.8) and the Brazilian short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) was administered. The children's parents or guardians answered questions regarding their demographics and socioeconomic status. Associations were analyzed using multilevel Poisson regression models. Children from racial/ethnic minority groups had poorer OHRQoL. The mean CPQ11-14 score was 1.08 times higher for non-white children than their white counterparts' score. "Social" and "Emotional well-being" were the most affected domains for non-white children, with significantly higher mean scores as compared to white children (RR 1.19, 95% CI, 1.07-1.33; and RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.04-1.24). This association remained significant even after adjusting for individual and contextual covariates. OHRQoL disparities are prevalent among children from racial/ethnic minority groups. Non-white children have lower OHRQoL compared to white children.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , Inquéritos e Questionários
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