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1.
Cells ; 10(3)2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804148

RESUMO

Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein overexpressed in pancreatic cancer (PC). ANXA1 expression has been shown to take part in a wide variety of cancer biology, including carcinogenesis, cell proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, and metastasis, in addition to the initially identified anti-inflammatory effect in experimental settings. We hypothesized that ANXA1 expression is associated with cell proliferation and survival in PC patients. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed 239 PC patients in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and GSE57495 cohorts. ANXA1 expression correlated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) but weakly with angiogenesis in PC patients. ANXA1-high PC was significantly associated with a high fraction of fibroblasts and keratinocytes in the tumor microenvironment. ANXA1 high PC enriched multiple malignant gene sets, including hypoxia, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α signaling via nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB), and MTORC1, as well as apoptosis, protein secretion, glycolysis, and the androgen response gene sets consistently in both cohorts. ANXA1 expression was associated with TP53 mutation alone but associated with all KRAS, p53, E2F, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß signaling pathways and also associated with homologous recombination deficiency in the TCGA cohort. ANXA1 high PC was associated with a high infiltration of T-helper type 2 cells in the TME, with advanced histological grade and MKI67 expression, as well as with a worse prognosis regardless of the grade. ANXA1 expression correlated with a sensitivity to gemcitabine, doxorubicin, and 5-fluorouracil in PC cell lines. In conclusion, ANXA1 expression is associated with EMT, cell proliferation, survival, and the drug response in PC.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807015

RESUMO

The generation of pathologic, immature, and dysfunctional vessels by angiogenesis is a mechanism of metastasis that has been a therapeutic target for colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we investigated the clinical relevance of intra-tumoral microvascular endothelial (mvE) cells in CRC using the xCell algorithm on transcriptome. A total of 1244 CRC patients in discovery and validation cohorts were analyzed. We found that an abundance of mvE cells did not mirror angiogenesis but reflected mature blood vessels because it was significantly associated with a high expression of vascular stability-related genes, including sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor genes and pericytes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition and myogenesis gene sets were enriched in mvE cell abundant CRC, while mvE cell-less CRC enriched cell proliferation, oxidative phosphorylation, and protein secretion gene sets. mvE cell abundant CRC was associated with infiltration of M2 macrophages, dendritic cells, and less gamma-delta T cells (all p < 0.001), but not with the interferon-γ response. mvE cell abundant CRC was significantly associated with worse patient survival in CRC. Interestingly, mvE cell abundant CRC was significantly associated with a high response rate to chemotherapy (p = 0.012) and worse patient survival for those that did not receive chemotherapy. However, there was no survival difference in patients who underwent chemotherapy. In conclusion, we estimated the abundance of mvE cells using the xCell algorithm on tumor transcriptome finding its association with the number of mature blood vessels in a tumor microenvironment and its ability to predict response to chemotherapy, thereby patient survival in CRC.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797866

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Two novel clinical risk scores (CRS) that incorporate KRAS mutation status (modified CRS (mCRS) and GAME score) were developed. However, they have not been tested in large national and international cohorts. The aim of this study was to validate the prognostic discrimination utility and determine the clinical usefulness of the two novel CRS. METHODS: Patients undergoing hepatectomy for CRLM (2000-2018) in ten centers were included. The discriminatory abilities of mCRS, GAME, and Fong CRS were evaluated using Harrel's C-index and Akaike's Information Criterion. RESULTS: In the entire cohort, the C-index of the GAME score (0.61) was significantly higher than those of Fong score (0.57) and mCRS (0.54), while the C-Index of mCRS was significantly lower than that of Fong score. When we compared the models in the various geographical regions, the C-index of GAME score was significantly higher than that of mCRS in North America, Europe, and South America. The AIC of Fong score, mCRS, and GAME score were 14405, 14447, and 14319, respectively. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, using the largest and most heterogenous population of CRLM patients with known KRAS status, this independent, external validation demonstrated that the GAME score outperforms both the traditional Fong score and mCRS.

5.
Eur Surg Res ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictive factors for discontinuation of S-1 administration and prognostic factors in elderly patients with pStage II/III gastric cancer receiving S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy remain unclear. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2016, 80 elderly gastric cancer patients (≥70 years) undergoing curative D2 gastrectomy were enrolled in this study. Predictive factors for completion of S-1 administration over 1 year, adverse events due to S-1 administration, and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients (35%) completed 8 courses of S-1. The median relative dose intensity was 82.1% (IQR 31.1-100%). The incidence rates of hematological and nonhematological adverse events were acceptable. Distal gastrectomy was an independent predictive factor for completion of S-1 administration (odds ratio [OR] 0.364; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.141-0.939; p = 0.037). Higher postoperative neutrophil count/lymphocyte count (N/L) ratio and more advanced stage adversely influenced OS. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher postoperative N/L ratio and more advanced stage adversely affected RFS. CONCLUSION: To complete adjuvant S-1 administration to elderly patients with pStage II/III gastric cancer, total gastrectomy should be avoided if possible. A new regimen for elderly gastric cancer patients with higher postoperative N/L ratios and more advanced stage should be established.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The role of endoscopic preoperative biliary drainage for pancreatic head cancer is controversial, because of the high incidence of stent occlusion before surgery. We sought to validate a suitable stent for biliary drainage in patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC)/neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NAC-RT). METHODS: We evaluated patients who received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy for pancreatic head cancer between January 2013 and December 2019. A covered metal (CMS) or plastic stent (PS) was inserted in symptomatic patients for biliary drainage. Recurrent biliary obstruction (RBO), success rate of endoscopic drainage, adverse events, and surgical outcomes were compared between the CMS and PS groups. RESULTS: Occurrence rate of RBO was significantly higher with PS (97%) versus CMS (15%, p<0.001), and time to RBO was significantly longer with CMS versus PS (not reached vs 40.5 days, p <0.001). Delayed schedule associated with RBO for neoadjuvant chemotherapy was significantly lower in CMS versus PS (14% vs 50%, p <0.05). There was no difference in postoperative bleeding, operation time, complications, and rate of a microscopically margin-negative resection between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Use of CMS during NAC/NAC-RT allows for safe chemotherapy without causing cholangitis or biliary obstruction and for surgery to be performed.

7.
J Surg Res ; 264: 45-50, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has been the standard modality for breast cancer patients with clinically node negative disease. In patients who undergo axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) due to SLN metastasis, the harvested nodes (non-SLNs) often contain no metastasis. Here, we evaluated the predictive factors associated with non-SLN metastasis in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with operable cT1-3, cN0 invasive breast cancer who underwent SLN biopsy followed by ALND due to SLN metastasis. The clinicopathologic factors and predictive factors of non-SLN metastasis were analyzed. The optimal cutoff for the Ki67 index and the number of positive and negative SLNs that were predictive of non-SLN metastasis were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The median number of SLN and non-SLN was 3 and 11, respectively. Of the 150 patients, 52 (35.0%) had metastases in non-SLNs. The optimal cutoffs for the Ki67 index and the number of positive and negative SLNs were of 12%, 2, and 1, respectively. In the univariate analysis, the Ki67 index and the number of positive SLNs≥2 and negative SLNs≤1 were higher in the non-SLN + group than that in the non-SLN - group. The number of negative SLNs was as a predictive factor for non-SLNs metastasis in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The number of negative SLNs predicts the risk of non-SLN metastasis in breast cancer. When deciding on whether to omit ALND, the number of positive and negative SLNs should be considered.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 41(3): 1671-1676, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of first-line gemcitabine monotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared with treatment of physician's choice (TPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 96 patients into the first-line gemcitabine group (n=47) or other treatment of physician's choice (TPC) group (n=49) from May 2010 to April 2013. HRQoL was evaluated every 4 weeks. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the median time to treatment failure (5.3 vs. 4.6 months, hazard ratio=0.87, p=0.546) and the incidence rates of grade 3/4 haematological toxicity (10.6% vs. 8.1%, p=0.677) and grade 3/4 non-haematological toxicity (4.2% vs. 8.1%, p=0.429) between the gemcitabine and TPC groups. Changes in HRQoL from baseline to 12 weeks were not significantly different. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine achieves similar efficacy and HRQoL benefit to other chemotherapy and can be used as first-line treatment for MBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Médicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Falha de Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644991

RESUMO

AIM: The significance of sarcopenia in cancers has been widely recognized. However, few studies have focused on chronological changes in sarcopenia in cancer patients. This study aimed to clarify the clinical significance of changes in the psoas muscle area before and after preoperative chemotherapy. METHODS: This study included 39 patients who underwent gastrectomy followed by preoperative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer between January 2010 and December 2016 in our hospital. The psoas muscle area was measured at the umbilical level before and after chemotherapy, and the relationship between its chronological changes and the long-term prognosis was examined. RESULTS: Patients were classified into two groups according to changes in the psoas muscle area before and after preoperative chemotherapy: remarkable muscle depletion and normal groups. No significant differences were observed in clinicopathological factors. Notably, the remarkable muscle depletion group included significantly more male patients (P = .018) and showed a high weight loss rate (P < .001). Although no significant difference was observed in the recurrence-free survival between the two groups (P = .484), overall survival was significantly worse in the remarkable muscle depletion group (P < .001). Multivariate analysis for prognosis revealed that pathological stage III or higher (P = .022) and decreased psoas muscle area (P = .038) were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings suggest that psoas muscle depletion during preoperative chemotherapy is a prognostic factor for poor long-term outcomes in patients who underwent gastrectomy followed by preoperative chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.

10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(4)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prognostic role of tumor burden score (TBS) relative to pre-operative α -fetoprotein (AFP) levels among patients undergoing curative-intent resection of HCC has not been examined. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative-intent resection of HCC between 2000 and 2017 were identified from a multi-institutional database. The impact of TBS on overall survival (OS) and cumulative recurrence relative to serum AFP levels was assessed. RESULTS: Among 898 patients, 233 (25.9%) patients had low TBS, 572 (63.7%) had medium TBS and 93 (10.4%) had high TBS. Both TBS (5-year OS; low TBS: 76.9%, medium TBS: 60.9%, high TBS: 39.1%) and AFP (>400 ng/mL vs. <400 ng/mL: 48.5% vs. 66.1%) were strong predictors of outcomes (both p < 0.001). Lower TBS was associated with better OS among patients with both low (5-year OS, low-medium TBS: 68.0% vs. high TBS: 47.7%, p < 0.001) and high AFP levels (5-year OS, low-medium TBS: 53.7% vs. high TBS: not reached, p < 0.001). Patients with low-medium TBS/high AFP had worse OS compared with individuals with low-medium TBS/low AFP (5-year OS, 53.7% vs. 68.0%, p = 0.003). Similarly, patients with high TBS/high AFP had worse outcomes compared with patients with high TBS/low AFP (5-year OS, not reached vs. 47.7%, p = 0.015). Patients with high TBS/low AFP and low TBS/high AFP had comparable outcomes (5-year OS, 47.7% vs. 53.7%, p = 0.24). The positive predictive value of certain TBS groups relative to the risk of early recurrence and 5-year mortality after HCC resection increased with higher AFP levels. CONCLUSION: Both TBS and serum AFP were important predictors of prognosis among patients with resectable HCC. Serum AFP and TBS had a synergistic impact on prognosis following HCC resection with higher serum AFP predicting worse outcomes among patients with HCC of a certain TBS class.

11.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although multidisciplinary treatments including the use of adjuvant therapy (AT) have been adopted for biliary tract cancers, patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma (DCC) can still experience recurrence. We sought to characterize the incidence and predictors of early recurrence (ER) that occurred within 12 months following surgery for DCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for DCC between 2000 and 2015 were identified from the US multi-institutional database. Cox regression analysis was used to identify clinicopathological factors to develop an ER risk score, and the predictive model was validated in an external dataset. RESULTS: Among 245 patients included in the analysis, 67 patients (27.3%) developed ER. No difference was noted in ER rates between patients who did and did not receive AT (28.7% vs. 25.0%, p = 0.55). Multivariable analysis revealed that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), peak total bilirubin (T-Bil), major vascular resection (MVR), lymphovascular invasion, and R1 surgical margin status were associated with a higher ER risk. A DIstal Cholangiocarcinoma Early Recurrence Score was developed according to each factor available prior to surgery [NLR > 9.0 (2 points); peak T-bil > 1.5 mg/dL (1 points); MVR (2 points)]. Cumulative ER rates incrementally increased among patients who were low (0 points; 10.6%), intermediate (1-2 points; 26.8%), or high (3-5 points; 57.6%) risk (p < 0.001) in the training dataset, as well as in the validation dataset [low (0 points); 3.4%, intermediate (1-2 points); 32.7%, or high risk (3-5 points); 55.6% (p < 0.001)]. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing resection for DCC, 1 in 4 patients experienced an ER. Alternative treatment strategies such as neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be considered especially among individuals deemed to be at high risk for ER.

12.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have clarified that near-infrared observation using indocyanine green has the advantage of evaluating perfusion of the anastomotic site, especially in rectal cancer surgery, resulting in a reduction in anastomotic leak. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of near-infrared observation for reducing the anastomotic leak after stapled side-to-side anastomosis in colon cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective propensity score case-matched study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at three institutions in the Yokohama Clinical Oncology Group. PATIENTS: From January 2011 to December 2019, patients who underwent colon cancer surgery with stapled side-to-side anastomosis were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome was the percentage of anastomotic leak within 30 days after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 1034 patients were collected. There were 532 patients who underwent near-infrared observation and 502 who did not. A total of 370 patients were matched to the near-infrared and non-near-infrared groups. In the near-infrared group, 12 cases (3.2%) was judged to have poor perfusion (4 cases) and no perfusion (8 cases), so the planned transection point was changed. There were no cases of anastomotic leak among these 12 cases. The anastomotic leak rates were 3.5% (13/370) in the non-near-infrared group and 0.8% (3/370) in the near-infrared group. The anastomotic leak and reoperation rates were significantly lower in the near-infrared group than in the non-near-infrared group (odds ratio 0.224, 95% confidence interval 0.063-0.794, p=0.001; odds ratio 0.348, 95% confidence interval 0.124-0.977, p=0.036, respectively). LIMITATIONS: Although we reduced selection bias by performing propensity score-matching, this was a retrospective study and was not randomized. CONCLUSION: This large-scale case-matched study showed that assessing perfusion by near-infrared observation significantly reduced the anastomotic leak and reoperation rates after stapled side-to-side anastomosis in colon cancer surgery and may be better suited to colo-colonic anastomosis. Japanese Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN-CTR000039977 Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B513.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) has recently gained popularity. Several international meetings focusing on the existing literature on MIPD were held; however, the precise surgical anatomy of the pancreas for the safe use of MIPD has not yet been fully discussed. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review of available articles and to show the importance of identifying the anatomical variation in pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: In this review, we described variations in surgical anatomy related to MIPD. A systematic search of PubMed (MEDLINE) was conducted, and the references were identified manually. RESULTS: The search strategy yielded 272 articles, with 77 retained for analysis. The important anatomy to be considered during MIPD includes the aberrant right hepatic artery, first jejunal vein, first jejunal artery, and dorsal pancreatic artery. Celiac artery stenosis and a circumportal pancreas are also important to recognize. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that only certain anatomical variations are associated directly with perioperative outcomes and that identification of these particular variations is important for safe performance of MIPD.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high operative mortality rate after hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) is still a major issue. The present study explored why operative mortality differs significantly due to hospital volume. METHOD: Surgical case data were extracted from the National Clinical Database (NCD) in Japan from 2011 to 2014. Surgical procedures were categorized as major (≥2 sections) and minor (<2 sections) hepatectomy. Hospitals were categorized according to the certification system by the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS) based on the number of major hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgeries performed per year. The FTR rate was defined as death in a patient with at least one postoperative complication. RESULTS: A total of 422 patients who underwent HPD were analyzed. The operative mortality rates in board-certified A training institutions, board-certified B training institutions, and non-certified institution were 7.2%, 11.6%, and 21.4%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression showed that certified A institutions, major hepatectomy, and blood transfusion were the predictors of operative mortality. Failure to rescue rates were lowest in certified A institutions (9.3%, 17.0%, and 33.3% in certified A, certified B, and non-certified, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: To reduce operative mortality after HPD, further centralization of this procedure is desirable. Future studies should clarify specific ways to improve the failure-to-rescue rates in certified institutions.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Converse Ω anastomosis is a recently developed technique of delta-shaped anastomosis for intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy to simplify the anastomotic procedures and reduce their potential risks. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of converse Ω anastomosis, comparing it with conventional extracorporeal Billroth-I anastomosis after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) for gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 169 gastric cancer patients who underwent LDG with Billroth-I anastomosis anastomosis between April 2013 and March 2018, we selected 100 patients by propensity score matching (50 in the converse Ω anastomosis group and 50 in the extracorporeal anastomosis group). Patients' characteristics, intraoperative outcomes, postoperative complications, and survival time were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Median anastomosis time was significantly longer in the converse Ω group than in the extracorporeal group (40.0 vs. 30.5 min, P=0.005). However, the total procedure time did not differ significantly between the groups. Intraoperative blood loss volume was significantly lower in the converse Ω group than in the extracorporeal anastomosis group (40 vs. 120 mL, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the number of dissected lymph nodes, postoperative morbidity, mortality, or length of hospital stay. The postoperative body mass index and the prognostic nutritional index did not differ between the groups 1 year after surgery. There were no significant differences in overall survival and relapse-free survival between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Converse Ω anastomosis is feasible and safe. This novel technique can be adopted as a treatment option for reconstruction after LDG in patients with early-stage gastric cancer. Therefore, the risks and benefits of converse Ω anastomosis after LDG should be confirmed in larger cohorts.

16.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575889

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the results of laparoscopic surgery (LAP) compared to open surgery (OP) for locally advanced mid-to-lower rectal cancer. METHODS: From February 2008 to December 2014, we collected patient data with clinical stage II/III mid-to-lower rectal cancer who underwent resection with LAP or OP at 13 institutions associated with the Yokohama Clinical Oncology Group (YCOG). The short-term outcomes and long-term prognoses associated with LAP and OP were analyzed after adjusting for the patients' backgrounds using propensity score matching. RESULTS: Among 1091 eligible cases, a propensity score matching with six covariates-age, sex, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status category, tumor location, and clinical stage-extracted 237 cases each for the LAP and OP groups, respectively. After matching, there were no differences in background factors between the two groups except for the presence or absence of preoperative treatment. Operative time was significantly longer in the LAP group than that in the OP group (p < 0.001), while the amount of bleeding and the length of postoperative hospital stay were significantly lower in the LAP group than that in the OP group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences between groups in the incidence of postoperative complications. The 3-year overall survival and relapse-free survival rates were 90.5% and 88.6% and 78.3% and 71.6% in the LAP and OP groups, respectively, which did not differ significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The short-term outcomes and long-term prognoses of LAP in this cohort study indicated that LAP could be a therapeutic option for locally advanced rectal cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000040406.

17.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 52, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis-associated portal vein thrombosis (CA-PVT) has been reportedly observed in 5-30% of cirrhotic patients. Moreover, the acute exacerbation of CA-PVT is likely to occur after certain situations, such as a status after abdominal surgery. Safety and efficacy of the direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOAC) used for cirrhotic patients have been being confirmed. However, use of the DOAC as an initial treatment for CA-PVT appears still challenging especially in the early postoperative period after major surgery in terms of unestablished efficacy and safety in such occasion. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a case of the acute exacerbation of CA-PVT in the early postoperative period after abdominal surgery, which was successfully treated with DOAC, edoxaban used as an initial treatment. The patient was a 79-year-old Japanese male with alcoholic cirrhosis. The patient suffered choledocholithiasis and had a mural chronic CA-PVT extending from the superior mesenteric vein to the portal trunk. He underwent open cholecystectomy and choledochotomy. Early postoperative clinical course was uneventful except for abdominal distension due to ascites diagnosed on postoperative day (POD)7 when hospital discharge was planned. Contrast enhancement computed tomography (CE-CT) taken on POD 7 revealed the exacerbation of the CA-PVT. Despite recommendation for extension of hospital admission with low molecular weight heparin treatment, the patient strongly hoped to be discharged. Unwillingly, we selected DOAC, edoxaban, as an initial treatment, which was commenced the day after discharge (POD8). As a result, the remarkable improvement of the exacerbated CA-PVT was confirmed by the CE-CT taken on POD21. Any bleeding complications were not observed. Although a slight residue of the CA-PVT remains, the patient is currently doing well 4 years after surgery and is still receiving edoxaban. Any adverse effects of edoxaban have not been observed for 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: A case of successful treatment of the acute exacerbation of CA-PVT with edoxaban was reported. Moreover, edoxaban has been safely administered in a cirrhotic patient for 4 years. The findings obtained from the present case suggest that DOAC can be used as an initial treatment for CA-PVT even in early postoperative period after major abdominal surgery.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) was initially performed for benign tumors, but recently its indications have steadily broadened to encompass other conditions including pancreatic malignancies. Thorough anatomical knowledge is mandatory for precise surgery in the era of minimally invasive surgery. However, expert consensus regarding anatomical landmarks to facilitate the safe performance of MIDP is still lacking. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using keywords to identify articles regarding the vascular anatomy and surgical approaches/techniques for MIDP. RESULTS: All of the systematic reviews revealed that MIDP was not associated with an increase in postoperative complications. Moreover, most showed that MIDP resulted in less blood loss than open surgery. Regarding surgical approaches for MIDP, a standardized stepwise procedure improved surgical outcomes, including blood loss, operative time, and major complications. There are two approaches to the splenic vessels, superior and inferior; however, no study has ever directly compared them with respect to clinical outcomes. The morphology of the splenic artery affects the difficulty of approaching the artery's root. To select an appropriate dissecting layer when performing posterior resection, thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the fascia, left renal vein/artery, and left adrenal gland is needed. CONCLUSIONS: In MIDP, a standardized approach and precise knowledge of anatomy facilitates safe surgery and has the advantage of a shorter learning curve. Anatomical features and landmarks are particularly important in cases of radical MIDP and splenic vessel preserving MIDP.

19.
Transplant Proc ; 53(2): 656-660, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, the utility of Sepsis-3 compared to Sepsis-2 in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients has not been evaluated. We assessed the utility of Sepsis-3 compared to Sepsis-2 and verified the following hypotheses: 1. Sepsis-3-based sepsis (S3BS) corresponds to Sepsis-2-based severe sepsis (S2BSS), and 2. S3BS enables earlier diagnosis of early postoperative sepsis (within 21 postoperative days; EPoS) compared to S2BSS. METHODS: We evaluated 66 LDLT recipients in our institution. Patients with EPoS, who were diagnosed with S3BS and S2BSS, were extracted, and the postoperative day of diagnosing S3BS and S2BSS was identified. RESULTS: EPoS was diagnosed in 14 patients with S3BS (21.2%) and in 15 with S2BSS (22.7%). All but 1 patient with S2BSS corresponded to those with S3BS, with 98.4% overlap. Among the overlapping 14 patients, the comparison between the postoperative days when S3BS and S2BSS occurred demonstrated that S3BS was diagnosed earlier in 7 patients (50%) and on the same day in 4 (28.6%), and S2BSS was diagnosed earlier in 3 (21.4%). Especially in cases with a change in the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) immediately after S3BS onset compared to before (ΔSOFA) of ≥ 4 points (n = 6), S3BS was diagnosed earlier in 5 cases (83.3%); in cases with ΔSOFA of 2 to 3 points (n = 8), S3BS was diagnosed earlier only in 2 cases (25.0%). Thus, early diagnosis of S3BS was significantly more common in cases with ≥ 4 points of ΔSOFA (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: S3BS nearly corresponds to S2BSS and can enable earlier detection of EPoS, especially with a high ΔSOFA.

20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547122

RESUMO

We herein report a woman who was suffering from type 1 diabetes and hearing impairment and whose mother had mitochondrial disease. Abdominal ultrasound identified a hepatic tumour, and a further examination led to the diagnosis of rectal cancer with synchronous multiple liver metastases. A genetic test led to the diagnosis of mitochondrial disease with a mitochondrial gene 3243A>G mutation. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, we performed hepatectomy and low anterior resection in one stage. Hepatic vascular exclusion was not performed in order to prevent damage to hepatocytes due to liver ischaemia, and Ringer's lactate solution was not used to prevent lactic acidosis. The postoperative course was uneventful. Only one other case involving hepatectomy being performed in a patient with mitochondrial disease has been reported. Considering the extreme rarity of such cases and the importance of perioperative management, we report this case here.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Doenças Mitocondriais/complicações , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Feminino , Fluoruracila , Humanos , Leucovorina , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Compostos Organoplatínicos , Linhagem , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia
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