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1.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 30-37, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1103040

RESUMO

El trauma facial presenta características importantes que repercuten en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de niños y adolescentes. Objetivo: Analizar el cuadro epidemiológico del trauma facial en niños y adolescentes en un hospital de la región sur de Brasil. Materiales e métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal analítico entre los años de 2000 hasta 2010 en el Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, Brasil. Identificando los agentes etiológicos, género, fracturas faciales y la existencia de injurias corporales asociadas a los traumatismos faciales. Resultados: Los traumatismos faciales fueron más frecuentes en el grupo de adolescentes (75.6%) en comparación con la población pediátrica (24.3%). La mandíbula fue el hueso más afectado (33.5%). El traumatismo craneano fue la lesión asociada más frecuente en la población pediátrica (33%). Conclusión: Los hombres presentan mayor prevalencia de trauma facial, siendo que los adolescentes tienden a ser más afectados.


O trauma facial apresenta características importantes que refletem no diagnóstico e tratamento de crianças e adolescentes. Objetivo: Analisar o quadro epidemiológico do trauma facial em crianças e adolescentes em um hospital da região sul do Brasil. Materiais e métodos: Realizou-se um estudo de coorte transversal analítico entre os anos 2000 e 2010, no Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, Brasil. Foram identificados os agentes etiológicos, gênero, fraturas faciais e a presença de lesões associadas aos traumatismos faciais. Resultados: Os traumatismos faciais foram mais frequentes no grupo de adolescentes (75.6%), comparado com a população pediátrica (24.3%). A mandíbula foi o osso mais acometido (33.5%). O traumatismo craniano foi a lesão associada mais frequente na população pediátrica (33%). Conclusão: Os homens apresentaram maior prevalência do trauma facial, sendo o grupo de adolescentes o mais acometido.


Facial trauma has major characteristics that affect the diagnosis and treatment of children and adolescents. Objective: To analyze the epidemiology of facial trauma in children and adolescents in a hospital in the south of Brazil. Materials and methods: An analytical crosssectional cohort study was conducted between 2000 and 2010 at Hospital Sao Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, Brazil. Various factors were identified: etiological agents, gender, facial fractures and the existence of body injuries associated with facial trauma. Results: Facial injuries were more common than in the adolescent group (75.6%) compared to the pediatric population (24.3%). The jaw was the most affected bone (33.5%). Cranial trauma was the most common associated lesion in the pediatric population (33%). Conclusion: Men have a higher prevalence of facial trauma and adolescents tend to be more affected.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Adolescente , Traumatismos Faciais , Brasil , Ossos Faciais
2.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 224-228, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965149

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and type of resin cement on the bond strength of glass fiber posts (GFPs) in root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #4 Gates Glidden drill to receive the GFPs. All samples were subjected to PDT, and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocol: distilled water + ultrasonic activation [US]; 17% EDTA; QMix; 17% EDTA + US; and QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups (n = 10) according to the type of resin cement used for cementation of GFPs: Rely-X ARC dual-resin; or Rely-X U200 (#M, St Paul, MN, USA) self-adhesive resin cement. Bond strength was evaluated using the push-out test. Failure patterns were observed under an optical microscope. Bond strengths were compared using two-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey post-hoc test; failure modes were compared using the chi-squared test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of US over final irrigants improved the bond strength of GFPs, regardless of resin cement used (p < 0.05). The type of resin cement did not influence the bond strength of GFPs (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of resin cement tested (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of US on final irrigation improved the bond strength of GFPs, while the type of resin cement (dual or self-adhesive) did not influence the bond strength of GFPs in root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cimentos de Resina/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ultrassom
3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 26: 137-141, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer on bond strength of root filling material on root dentin previously treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). METHODS: One hundred root canals were prepared up to #F3 file of Pro-Taper system to receive the root filling material. All samples were submitted to PDT and randomly divided into five groups (n = 20) according to final irrigation protocols: Group 1-distilled water + ultrasonic activation (US); Group 2-17% EDTA; Group 3-QMix; Group 4-17% EDTA + US; Group 5-QMix + US. Each group was randomly divided into two subgroups (n = 10), according to the endodontic sealer used for cementation of gutta-percha points: AH Plus or MTA Fillapex. The bond strength was evaluated by a push-out test. The patterns of failure were observed under optical microscopy. The bond strength was evaluated using a two-way Anova followed by the Tukey post-hoc test, and the failure mode was evaluated using the chi-square test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix associated or not to US improved the bond strength of root filling material with either endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). AH Plus showed higher bond strength than MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). There was a higher predominance of cohesive failure in all groups, regardless of the tested final irrigation protocols and endodontic sealer (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of 17% EDTA and QMix, regardless of association with US, and the use of AH Plus improve the bond strength of the root filling material on root dentin previously treated with PDT.


Assuntos
Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Biguanidas/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Resinas Epóxi/farmacologia , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Polímeros/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória
4.
Braz Dent J ; 27(1): 72-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007350

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the association between dental caries, socioeconomic individual and contextual factors in 12-years-old children. A representative sample of 1,134 children enrolled in public schools from Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, was obtained from a multistage random sampling. Four calibrated dentists examined participants at schools. Data about dental caries (DMF-T index) and dental plaque (present or absent) were assessed. Children's parents or guardians answered questions regarding their demographics and socioeconomic status. Context variables were also collected from official publications of the city. Data analyses were performed using multilevel logistic regression models. Caries prevalence in this sample (DMF-T≥1) was 49.9% (95%CI: 45.05% - 54.77%), and mean DMF-T was 1.15 (95%CI: 1.01-1.29) with 0.068 standard error. Children of the 3rd and 2nd tertile of income represented by the rich and intermediate categories, showed, respectively, a 50% (OR 0.50: CI95 % 0.35-0.71) and 39% (OR 0.61: CI95% 0.45-0.82) lower chance to present untreated caries compared with the poorest portion of the sample represented by the 1st tertile of income. Regarding the context covariates, children from lower income neighborhood presented a higher chance for having untreated dental caries compared with their counterpart (OR 1.70: CI95% 1.19 to 2.43). Inequalities in the distribution of dental caries continue affecting children from poorer socioeconomic profiles. There is need for planning public interventions for oral health promotion that take into account individual and contextual socioeconomic characteristics.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 72-78, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777142

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to assess the association between dental caries, socioeconomic individual and contextual factors in 12-years-old children. A representative sample of 1,134 children enrolled in public schools from Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, was obtained from a multistage random sampling. Four calibrated dentists examined participants at schools. Data about dental caries (DMF-T index) and dental plaque (present or absent) were assessed. Children's parents or guardians answered questions regarding their demographics and socioeconomic status. Context variables were also collected from official publications of the city. Data analyses were performed using multilevel logistic regression models. Caries prevalence in this sample (DMF-T≥1) was 49.9% (95%CI: 45.05% - 54.77%), and mean DMF-T was 1.15 (95%CI: 1.01-1.29) with 0.068 standard error. Children of the 3rd and 2nd tertile of income represented by the rich and intermediate categories, showed, respectively, a 50% (OR 0.50: CI95 % 0.35-0.71) and 39% (OR 0.61: CI95% 0.45-0.82) lower chance to present untreated caries compared with the poorest portion of the sample represented by the 1st tertile of income. Regarding the context covariates, children from lower income neighborhood presented a higher chance for having untreated dental caries compared with their counterpart (OR 1.70: CI95% 1.19 to 2.43). Inequalities in the distribution of dental caries continue affecting children from poorer socioeconomic profiles. There is need for planning public interventions for oral health promotion that take into account individual and contextual socioeconomic characteristics.


Resumo Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar a associação entre cárie dental e fatores socioeconômicos individuais e contextuais em crianças de 12 anos de idade. Uma amostra representativa de 1.134 crianças matriculadas em escolas públicas de Santa Maria, RS, foi obtida a partir de uma amostragem aleatória em duplo estágio. Quatro dentistas calibrados examinaram os participantes nas escolas. Foram avaliados dados sobre cárie dentária (índice CPO-D) e placa dentária (presente ou ausente). Os pais ou responsáveis pelos adolescentes responderam questionários sobre status socioeconômico e sociodemográficos. Variáveis contextuais também foram coletadas através de publicações oficiais do município. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se modelos multiníveis de regressão logística. A prevalência de cárie da amostra (CPO-D≥1) foi 49.9% (95%IC: 45.05% - 54.77), e a média de CPO-D foi de 1.15 (95%IC: 1.01-1.29) com 0.068 de erro padrão. As crianças do 3º e 2º tercil de renda representado pelas categorias ricas e intermediárias apresentaram respectivamente 50% (OR 0,50: IC95% 0,35-0,71) e 39% (OR 0,61: IC95% 0,45-0,82) menor chance de apresentarem cárie não tratada em comparação com a porção mais pobre da amostra representada pelo 1º tercil de renda. Em relação à variável contextual "renda média do bairro", crianças que viviam em bairros com menor renda apresentaram uma chance 70% (OR 1,70: IC95% 1,19-2,43) maior de ter cárie dentária não tratada, quando comparadas com aquelas que viviam em bairros de maior renda. Desigualdades na distribuição da cárie dentária continuam afetando as crianças dos perfis socioeconômicos mais pobres. Os resultados mostram a necessidade de planejamento de intervenções públicas que visem a promoção da saúde bucal que levem em conta as características socioeconômicas individuais e contextuais.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Cárie Dentária , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 14(2): 87-94, Abr.-Jun. 2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-792335

RESUMO

O trauma é considerado a principal causa de óbito nos primeiros 40 anos de vida, sendo responsável por maior redução nos anos produtivos quando comparado às doenças cardíacas e câncer juntos. Este trabalho teve como finalidade identificar o quadro epidemiológico da traumatologia facial na região de Passo Fundo - RS. O estudo avaliou 1385 prontuários de pacientes que foram atendidos por trauma dos ossos faciais no Hospital São Vicente de Paulo (HSVP), considerado centro referencial de saúde no interior do Rio Grande do Sul, especialmente para a região nordeste do estado. Dos prontuários avaliados, pacientes do gênero masculino com faixa etária entre a terceira e a quarta décadas foram os mais acometidos. O osso facial mais acometido foi a mandíbula e o acidente automobilístico foi a etiologia mais prevalente seguido da agressão física que também se apresentou relevante. Os dados obtidos com este estudo reforçam a importância da cirurgia buco-maxilo-facial e contribuem para trabalhos preventivos em campanhas municipais, especialmente em educação para o trânsito e violência urbana.


Tauma is considered the leading cause of death in the first 38 years of life, accounting for a greater reduction in the productive years when compared to heart disease and cancer together. This study aimed to identify the epidemiological picture of facial trauma in the region of Passo Fundo-RS. The study examined records of 1385 patients who were treated for trauma of the facial bones in Sao Vicente de Paulo Hospital (HSVP), considered a reference health center in Rio Grande do Sul, especially for the northeastern state. Evaluated the medical records of male gender was the most predominant. The age group most affected was the third and fourth decade and the bone most commonly fractured was the mandible. Motor vehicle accidents were the most prevalent etiology of physical aggression that followed also presented relevant. The data obtained from this study will enable, and reinforce the importance of expertise, attention to the main etiological factors of fractures of facial bones, in order to target preventive work that can be used in traffic and urban violence education.

7.
J Oral Maxillofac Res ; 4(3): e1, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24422034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the occurrence, type and severity of body injuries associated in patients with facial trauma, referred to the Hospital São Vicente de Paulo (HSVP) in the city of Passo Fundo - RS, Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study analyzed medical records of 1385 patients who were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at HSVP during the period from 1991 to 2010. RESULTS: According to the results of this study we observed that 35% of cases of facial fractures were associated with a body injury. It was recorded a higher incidence of facial fractures in the male population (82.6%), aged between 20 and 39 years. The main etiologic factors for this association were car accidents, falls and assaults. Most fractures were recorded in the mandible and the main body injury found was the abrasion associated in some region of the body, however, when considering fractures of the face middle third the main body injury was more associated with cranioencephalic trauma. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant injuries in areas other than the face should be expected first and foremost after high-speed trauma mechanisms and in association with severe facial fractures. The results underscore the importance of multiprofessional collaboration in diagnosis and sequencing of treatment who have sustained facial fractures.

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