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Angiology ; 71(4): 315-323, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000517


Several trials have been completed in patients with heart failure (HF) treated with uric acid (UA)-lowering agents with inconsistent results. We aimed to investigate whether lowering UA would have an effect on mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with HF in a systematic review and meta-analysis. The primary outcome measures were all-cause mortality, CV mortality, CV events, and CV hospitalization in patients with HF. We included 11 studies in our final analysis. Overall, allopurinol treatment was associated with a significant increase in the risk for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.49, P = .02). The trial heterogeneity is high (heterogeneity χ2 = 37.3, I2 = 73%, P < .001). With regard to CV mortality, allopurinol treatment was associated with a 42% increased risk of CV mortality (HR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.11-1.81, P = .005). There was a trend toward increased CV hospitalization in the same group (HR: 1.21, 95% CI: 0.95-1.53, P = .12). Uric acid-lowering treatments increase all-cause and CV mortality but did not increase CV hospitalization significantly in this study.

Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Alopurinol/uso terapêutico , Febuxostat/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Oxipurinol/uso terapêutico , Ácido Úrico
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 45(1): 131-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865342


BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia may cause acute kidney injury by activating inflammatory, pro-oxidative and vasoconstrictive pathways. In addition, radiocontrast causes an acute uricosuria, potentially leading to crystal formation. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of urine acidity and urine uric acid level on the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography. METHODS: We enrolled 175 patients who underwent elective coronary angiography. CIN was defined as a >25% increase in the serum creatinine levels relative to basal values 48-72 h after contrast use. Prior to coronary angiography and 48-72 h later, serum uric acid, urea, creatinine, bicarbonate levels, and spot uric acid to creatinine ratio (UACR) were measured. RESULTS: Of the 175 subjects included, 29 (16.6%) developed CIN. Those who developed CIN had a higher prevalence of diabetes, higher UACR (0.60 vs. 0.44, p = 0.014), higher contrast volume, and lower serum sodium level. With univariate analysis of a logistic regression model, the risk of CIN was found to be associated with diabetes (p = 0.0016, OR = 3.8 [95% CI: 1.7-8.7]), urine UACR (p = 0.0027, OR = 9.6 [95% CI: 2.2-42.2]), serum sodium (p = 0.0079, OR = 0.8 [95% CI: 0.77-0.96]), and contrast volume (p = 0.0385, OR = 1.8 [95% CI: 1.03-3.09]). In a multiple logistic regression model with stepwise method of selection, diabetes (p = 0.0120, OR = 3.2 [95% CI: 1.3-8.1]) and UACR (p = 0.0163, OR = 6.9 [95% CI: 1.4-33.4]) were the 2 risk factors finally identified. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated that higher urine UACR is associated with the development of CIN in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography.