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Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(2): 11, 2019 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30673858


Coxsackieviruses of group B (CVB) are well-known causes of acute and chronic myocarditis. Chronic myocarditis can evolve into dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) characterized by fibrosis and cardiac remodeling. Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) plays a decisive role in the induction of the inflammatory response as a consequence of viral replication. In this study, we analyzed the effects of IL-1ß neutralization on the transition of acute to chronic myocarditis in a mouse model of CVB3 myocarditis. Mice were treated with an anti-murine IL-1ß antibody as a surrogate for Canakinumab at different time points post CVB3 infection. Treatment was performed in the early phase (day 1-14 pi, day 3-14 pi) or at a later stage of myocarditis (day 14-28 pi). Subsequently, the hearts were examined histologically, immunohistochemically and by molecular biology. A significant reduction of viral replication, cardiac damage and inflammation was found after administration of the antibody in the early phase and in the later phase of infection. Furthermore, less collagen I deposition and a considerable reduction of fibrosis were found in antibody-treated mice. Using microarray analysis, a significant upregulation of various extracellular matrix and fibrosis-associated molecules was found in CVB3-infected mice, including TGF-ß, TIMP-1 and MMP12, as well as diverse matricellular proteins, whereas, these molecules were significantly downregulated in all IL-1ß antibody-treated infected mice. Neutralization of IL-1ß at different stages of enteroviral infection prevents the development of chronic viral myocarditis by reducing inflammation, interstitial fibrosis and adverse cardiac remodeling. These findings are relevant for the treatment of patients with acute and chronic myocarditis.

Interleucina-1beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Miocardite/patologia , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Doença Crônica , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/patologia , Enterovirus Humano B , Camundongos , Miocardite/metabolismo , Miocardite/virologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia