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1.
Mar Drugs ; 18(11)2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213084

RESUMO

Fucoidans from brown macroalgae are sulfated fucose-rich polysaccharides, that have several beneficial biological activities, including anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. Controlled enzymatic depolymerization of the fucoidan backbone can help produce homogeneous, defined fucoidan products for structure-function research and pharmaceutical uses. However, only a few endo-fucoidanases have been described. This article reports the genome-based discovery, recombinant expression in Escherichia coli, stabilization, and functional characterization of a new bacterial endo-α-(1,4)-fucoidanase, Fhf1, from Formosa haliotis. Fhf1 catalyzes the cleavage of α-(1,4)-glycosidic linkages in fucoidans built of alternating α-(1,3)-/α-(1,4)-linked l-fucopyranosyl sulfated at C2. The native Fhf1 is 1120 amino acids long and belongs to glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 107. Deletion of the signal peptide and a 470 amino acid long C-terminal stretch led to the recombinant expression of a robust, minimized enzyme, Fhf1Δ470 (71 kDa). Fhf1Δ470 has optimal activity at pH 8, 37-40 °C, can tolerate up to 500 mM NaCl, and requires the presence of divalent cations, either Ca2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ or Ni2+, for maximal activity. This new enzyme has the potential to serve the need for controlled enzymatic fucoidan depolymerization to produce bioactive sulfated fucoidan oligomers.

2.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084411

RESUMO

Two new natural compounds, sulfated polyhydroxysteroid, microdiscusol G (1), and polyhydroxysteroid bioside, microdiscusoside A (2), along with eight previously known polar steroid substances 3-10, were isolated from the Arctic starfish Asterias microdiscus. The structures of 1 and 2 have been elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and HRESIMS techniques. The 28-sulfooxy-24-methylcholestane side chain in 1 has been found among starfish steroid metabolites for the first time. Steroid saponins 9 and 10 exhibited cytotoxic effects against normal cells JB6 Cl41 and cancer cells HT-29, MDA-MB-231, THP-1, and Raji and effectively suppressed cell proliferation and colony formation of cancer cells HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 in non-toxic concentrations. Compounds 5, 7, and 8 were inactive or less active in the same experiments.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 116921, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049835

RESUMO

Polysaccharide fractions of alginate, laminarans and fucoidans were obtained from the brown alga Tauya basicrassa. Yields of alginate and laminarans were large (19.7 % and 5.62 %, respectively), whereas the content of fucoidans (0.52 %) was not significant. Alginate and laminarans had typical structures for those substances. Fucoidans were low- and medium-sulfated heterogeneous polysaccharides. The fucoidan fraction 1TbF1 was sulfated fucogalactan containing a backbone from 1,6-linked residues of ß-d-galactopyranose with branches at C3 and C4, terminal fucose and galactose residues and fragments from 1,3-; 1,4-; and 1,2-fucose residues. Sulfate groups were found at positions 2 and 4 of fucose, and positions 2, 3 and 4 of galactose residues. Laminaran 2TbL was subjected to a sulfation to obtain the derivative 2TbLS with partial sulfation (46 %) at C2, C4 and C6. It was shown that 2TbL and 2TbLS inhibited colony formation of sensitize-tested colon cancer cells HT-29 and HCT-116 to X-ray radiation.

4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 117007, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049875

RESUMO

Laminarans are currently the focus of attention in regard to the selection of prospective agents for the prevention and treatment of cancer. Laminaran from Saccharina cichorioides was aminated to heighten anticancer and radiosensitizing activities and elucidate its molecular mode of action. Aminated laminaran, ScLNH2, was identified as 1,3-ß-d-glucan with -CH2-CH(OH)-CH2-NH2 group at the C6 of branches. ScLNH2 selectively inhibited the viability and colony formation in the MDA-MB-231 cell line of triple negative breast cancer cells. ScLNH2 possessed synergism with radiation, resulting in a decreased number of colonies of MDA-MB-231 cells. The mechanism underling the radiosensitizing effect of ScLNH2 was associated with apoptosis induction via regulation of caspases 9 and 3 and PARP enzyme, preventing the repair of DNA damage in irradiated cells. These findings confirmed that combination therapy by aminated laminaran and radiation might play a role in the optimization of therapy for an aggressive form of human breast cancer.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 246: 116635, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747270

RESUMO

Structure of the fucoidan from Sargassum horneri and products of its enzymatic transformation with molecular weight over 20 kDa were investigated. Fucoidan was hydrolyzed by recombinant fucoidanase FFA1 and its fraction of higher molecular weight was fractionated using anion-exchange chromatography, resulting in three sulphated polysaccharides of various molecular weight (63-138 kDa). Their structures were analyzed using NMR spectroscopy, showing the fucoidan (ShF) to be a branched polysaccharide with the backbone consisting of the repeating →3-α-l-Fucp(2SO3-)-1→4-α-l-Fucp(2,3SO3-)-1→ fragment and side chains including the α-l-Fucp-1→2-α-l-Fucp-1→ or α-l-Fucp-1→3-α-l-Fucp(4SO3-)-1→ fragments attached to the main chain at C4. The fragment F3 differing by molecular weight and side chain from other fucoidans fragments possessed the most significant anticancer and radiosensitizing activities.

6.
Mar Drugs ; 18(8)2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731458

RESUMO

Thirteen new mono-, di-, and trisulfated triterpene glycosides, quadrangularisosides A-D4 (1-13) have been isolated from the sea cucumber Colochirus quadrangularis, which was collected in Vietnamese waters. The structures of these glycosides were established by 2D NMR spectroscopy and HR-ESI (High Resolution Electrospray Ionization) mass spectrometry. The novel carbohydrate moieties of quadrangularisosides D-D4 (8-12), belonging to the group D, and quadrangularisoside E (13) contain three sulfate groups, with one of them occupying an unusual position-at C(4) of terminal 3-O-methylglucose residue. Quadrangularisosides A (1) and D3 (11) as well as quadrangularisosides A1 (2) and D4 (12) are characterized by the new aglycones having 25-hydroperoxyl or 24-hydroperoxyl groups in their side chains, respectively. The cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-13 against mouse neuroblastoma Neuro 2a, normal epithelial JB-6 cells, erythrocytes, and human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells were studied. All the compounds were rather strong hemolytics. The structural features that most affect the bioactivity of the glycosides are the presence of hydroperoxy groups in the side chains and the quantity of sulfate groups. The membranolytic activity of monosulfated quadrangularisosides of group A (1, 2) against Neuro 2a, JB-6 cells, and erythrocytes was relatively weak due to the availability of the hydroperoxyl group, whereas trisulfated quadrangularisosides D3 (11) and D4 (12) with the same aglycones as 1, 2 were the least active compounds in the series due to the combination of these two structural peculiarities. The erythrocytes were more sensitive to the action of the glycosides than Neuro 2a or JB-6 cells, but the structure-activity relationships observed for glycosides 1-13 were similar in the three cell lines investigated. The compounds 3-5, 8, and 9 effectively suppressed the cell viability of HT-29 cells. Quadrangularisosides A1 (2), C (6), C1 (7), and E (13) possessed strong inhibitory activity on colony formation in HT-29 cells. Due to the synergic effects of these glycosides (0.02 µM) and radioactive irradiation (1 Gy), a decreasing of number of colonies was detected. Glycosides 1, 3, and 9 enhanced the effect of radiation by about 30%.

7.
Biomedicines ; 8(9)2020 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842682

RESUMO

Wound healing involves a complex cascade of cellular, molecular, and biochemical responses and signaling processes. It consists of successive interrelated phases, the duration of which depends on a multitude of factors. Wound treatment is a major healthcare issue that can be resolved by the development of effective and affordable wound dressings based on natural materials and biologically active substances. The proper use of modern wound dressings can significantly accelerate wound healing with minimum scar mark. Sulfated polysaccharides from seaweeds, with their unique structures and biological properties, as well as with a high potential to be used in various wound treatment methods, now undoubtedly play a major role in innovative biotechnologies of modern natural interactive dressings. These natural biopolymers are a novel and promising biologically active source for designing wound dressings based on alginates, fucoidans, carrageenans, and ulvans, which serve as active and effective therapeutic tools. The goal of this review is to summarize available information about the modern wound dressing technologies based on seaweed-derived polysaccharides, including those successfully implemented in commercial products, with a focus on promising and innovative designs. Future perspectives for the use of marine-derived biopolymers necessitate summarizing and analyzing results of numerous experiments and clinical trial data, developing a scientifically substantiated approach to wound treatment, and suggesting relevant practical recommendations.

8.
Molecules ; 25(14)2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674415

RESUMO

The anticancer and radiosensitizing effects of high-molecular-weight phlorethols CcPh (Mw = 2520 Da) isolated from the brown algae of Costaria costata on human colorectal carcinoma HCT 116 and HT-29 cells were investigated. Phlorethols CcPh possessed cytotoxic activity against HT-29 (IC50 = 92 µg/mL) and HCT 116 (IC50 = 94 µg/mL) cells. CcPh at non-toxic concentrations inhibited the colony formation in colon cancer cells and significantly enhanced their sensitivity to low non-toxic X-ray irradiation. The combinatory effect of radiation and CcPh was synergistic (Combination index < 0.7). Algal phlorethols might be prospective candidates as radiosensitizers to improve the scheme of radiotherapy.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 163: 1010-1025, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663561

RESUMO

The laminarans are biologically active water-soluble polysaccharide (1,3;1,6-ß-D-glucans) of brown algae. These polysaccharides are an attractive object for research due to its relatively simple structure, low toxicity, and various biological effects. 1,3-ß-D-glucanases are an effective tool for studying the structure of laminarans, and can also be used to obtain new biologically active derivatives. This review is to outline what is currently known about laminarans and enzymes that catalyze of their transformation. We focused on information about sources, structure and properties of laminarans and 1,3-ß-D-glucanases, methods of obtaining and structural elucidation of laminarans, and biological activity of laminarans and products of their enzymatic transformation. It has an increased focus on the immunomodulating and anticancer activity of laminarans and their derivatives.

10.
Mar Drugs ; 18(6)2020 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486405

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a serious public health problem worldwide. Current therapeutic strategies that use anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biological treatments are often ineffective and have adverse health effects. In this regard, the use of natural compounds aimed at key pathogenic therapeutic targets in IBD attracts universal attention. Seaweed is a valuable source of structurally diverse biologically active compounds. The materials presented in the review indicate that seaweed extracts and polysaccharides are effective candidates for the development of drugs, biological food additives, and functional nutrition products for the treatment and prevention of IBD. The structural features of algal polysaccharides provide the possibility of exposure to therapeutic targets of IBD, including proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, nuclear factor NF-kB, intestinal epithelial cells, reactive oxygen and nitrogen. Further study of the relationship between the effect of polysaccharides from different types of algae, with different structure and molecular weights on immune and epithelial cells, intestinal microorganisms will contribute to a deeper understanding of their mechanisms and will help in the development of drugs, dietary supplements, functional foods for the treatment of patients with IBD.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 18(4)2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331442

RESUMO

The enzymatic depolymerization of fucoidans from brown algae allowed the production of their standardized derivatives with different biological activities. This work aimed to compare the antiviral activities of native (FeF) and modified with enzyme (FeHMP) fucoidans from F. evanescens. The cytotoxicity and antiviral activities of the FeF and FeHMP against herpes viruses (HSV-1, HSV-2), enterovirus (ECHO-1), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in Vero and human MT-4 cell lines were examined by methylthiazolyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and cytopathic effect (CPE) reduction assays, respectively. The efficacy of fucoidans in vivo was evaluated in the outbred mice model of vaginitis caused by HSV-2. We have shown that both FeF and FeHMP significantly inhibited virus-induced CPE in vitro and were more effective against HSV. FeF exhibited antiviral activity against HSV-2 with a selective index (SI) > 40, and FeHMP with SI ˃ 20, when they were added before virus infection or at the early stages of the HSV-2 lifecycle. Furthermore, in vivo studies showed that after intraperitoneal administration (10 mg/kg), both FeF and FeHMP protected mice from lethal intravaginal HSV-2 infection to approximately the same degree (44-56%). Thus, FeF and FeHMP have comparable potency against several DNA and RNA viruses, allowing us to consider the studied fucoidans as promising broad-spectrum antivirals.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Fucus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Chlorocebus aethiops , Vírus de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Vírus de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Vaginite/tratamento farmacológico , Vaginite/virologia , Células Vero
12.
Mar Drugs ; 18(3)2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168741

RESUMO

Thе study presents the results of a comparative evaluation of the effect of structural modifications of fucoidans from the brown alga Fucus evanescens (native, highly purified рroduct of fucoidan enzymatic hydrolysis, a new regular 1→3;1→4-α-L-fucan, sulphated mainly at C2 and acetylated at C4 of the fucose residue) on the effector functions of innate and adaptive immunity cells in vitro and in vivo. Using flow cytometry, we found that all examined fucoidans induce the maturation of dendritic cells, enhance the ability of neutrophils to migrate and adhere, activate monocytes and enhance their antigen-presenting functions, and increase the cytotoxic potential of natural killers. Fucoidans increase the production of hepatitis B virus (HBs) specific IgG and cytokine Th1 (IFN-γ, TNF-α) and Th2 (IL-4) profiles in vivo. The data obtained suggest that in vitro and in vivo adjuvant effects of the products of fucoidan enzymatic hydrolysis with regular structural characteristics are comparable to those of the native fucoidan. Based on these data, the products of fucoidan enzymatic hydrolysis can be considered as an effective and safe candidate adjuvant to improve the efficacy of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines.

13.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470638

RESUMO

Despite significant advances in the understanding, prevention, and treatment of cancer, the disease continues to affect millions of people worldwide. Chemoradiation therapy is a rational approach that has already proven beneficial for several malignancies. However, the existence of toxicity to normal tissue is a serious limitation of this treatment modality. The aim of the present study is to investigate the ability of polar steroids from starfish Patiria (=Asterina) pectinifera to enhance the efficacy of radiation therapy in colorectal carcinoma cells. The cytotoxic activity of polar steroids and X-ray radiation against DLD-1, HCT 116, and HT-29 cells was determined by an MTS assay. The effect of compounds, X-ray, and their combination on colony formation was studied using the soft agar method. The molecular mechanism of the radiosensitizing activity of asterosaponin P1 was elucidated by western blotting and the DNA comet assay. Polar steroids inhibited colony formation in the tested cells, and to a greater extent in HT-29 cells. Asterosaponin P1 enhanced the efficacy of radiation and, as a result, reduced the number and size of the colonies of colorectal cancer cells. The radiosensitizing activity of asterosaponin P1 was realized by apoptosis induction through the regulation of anti- and pro-apoptotic protein expression followed by caspase activation and DNA degradation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/genética , Asterina/química , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Saponinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/genética , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Terapia Combinada , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Compostos Policíclicos/isolamento & purificação , Radiossensibilizantes/química , Radiossensibilizantes/isolamento & purificação , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco , Raios X , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína bcl-X/genética , Proteína bcl-X/metabolismo
14.
Carbohydr Res ; 484: 107776, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421353

RESUMO

Inhibiting effects of sulfated steroids from marine sponges of Halichondriidae family: halistanol sulfate, topsentiasterol sulfate D and chlorotopsentiasterol sulfate D were investigated on three different types of enzymes degrading polysaccharides of brown algae: endo-1,3-ß-d-glucanase GFA, fucoidan hydrolase FFA2 and bifunctional alginate lyase ALFA3 from marine bacterium Formosa algae KMM 3553T, inhabiting thalli of brown alga Fucus evanescens. This is the first research, devoted to influence of a marine natural compound on three functionally related enzymes that make up the complex of enzymes, necessary to degrade unique carbohydrate components of brown algae. Alginic acid, 1,3-ß-D-glucan (laminaran) and fucoidan jointly constitute practically all carbohydrate biomass of brown algae, so enzymes, able to degrade such polysaccharides, are crucial for digesting brown algae biomass as well as for organisms surviving and proliferating on brown algae thalli. Halistanol sulfate irreversibly inhibited native endo-1,3-ß-D-glucanases of marine mollusks, but reversibly competitively inhibited recombinant endo-1,3-ß-d-glucanase GFA. This fact indicates that there are significant structural differences between the enzymes of practically the same specificity. For alginate lyase and fucoidan hydrolase halistanol sulfate was irreversible inhibitor. Topsentiasterol sulfate D was less active inhibitor whereas chlorotopsentiasterol sulfate D was the strongest inhibitor of enzymes under the study. Chlorotopsentiasterol sulfate D caused 98% irreversible inhibition of GFA. Chlorotopsentiasterol sulfate D also caused reversible and 100% inhibition of ALFA3, which is unusual for reversible inhibitors. Inhibition of FFA2 was complete and irreversible in all cases.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/antagonistas & inibidores , Flavobacteriaceae/enzimologia , Poríferos/química , Esteroides/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavobacteriaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Fucus/microbiologia , Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Polissacarídeo-Liase/antagonistas & inibidores , Polissacarídeos/química , Esteroides/química , Sulfatos/química
15.
Mar Drugs ; 17(9)2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450717

RESUMO

A simple approach toward the synthesis of the marine sponge derived pigment fascaplysin was used to obtain the marine alkaloids 3-bromofascaplysin and 3,10-dibromofascaplysin. These compounds were used for first syntheses of the alkaloids 14-bromoreticulatate and 14-bromoreticulatine. Preliminary bioassays showed that 14-bromoreticulatine has a selective antibiotic (to Pseudomonas aeruginosa) activity and reveals cytotoxicity toward human melanoma, colon, and prostate cancer cells. 3,10-Dibromofascaplysin was able to target metabolic activity of the prostate cancer cells, without disrupting cell membrane's integrity and had a wide therapeutic window amongst the fascaplysin alkaloids.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Poríferos/química , Alcaloides/síntese química , Animais , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Química Sintética/métodos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Halogenação , Humanos , Indóis/síntese química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
J Food Biochem ; 43(5): e12828, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353521

RESUMO

1-O-alkylglycerols (AKG) are a class of natural ether lipids derived from 1-O-alkyl-2,3-diacyl-sn-glycerols by deacylation. In this study, 1-O-alkylglycerol (AKG) composition was investigated in the hepatopancreas lipids of the crab Paralithodes camtschaticus and the liver lipids of the squid Berryteuthis magister and the skate  Bathyraja parmifera. One of the principal AKG in marine organisms was 1-O-hexadecyl-sn-glycerol (AKG 16:0). To assess AKG influence on melanoma, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and antiproliferative actions of natural AKG 16:0 and synthetic 1-O-octyl-sn-glycerol (AKG 8:0) on three human melanoma cell lines SK-Mel-5, SK-Mel-28, and RPMI-7951. Natural AKG 16:0 in concentration up to 20 µM was not toxic to all cell lines. AKG 8:0 showed no toxicity to cells SK-Mel-5 and SK-Mel-28 in concentrations up to 20 µM but had moderate cytotoxicity to RPMI-7951 cells with an IC50 of 13 µM. Both investigated substances inhibited the proliferation, formation, and growth of cell colonies of RPMI-7951. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: AKG exhibit a variety of biological activities, including anticancer effects. In this study, the liver lipids of the skate B. parmifera and the hepatopancreas lipids of crab P. camtschaticus were shown to be sources of AKG. Our data showed that AKG can be used to prevent the formation of new colonies of malignant cells in combination therapy against melanoma. The results will be useful for future studies involving marine ether lipids and the examination of their anticancer properties against malignant cells.


Assuntos
Anomuros/química , Decapodiformes/química , Éteres de Glicerila/farmacologia , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Rajidae , Animais , Éteres de Glicerila/isolamento & purificação , Hepatopâncreas/química , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/isolamento & purificação , Imunoglobulina G/farmacologia , Fígado/química , Melfalan/isolamento & purificação , Melfalan/farmacologia
17.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207953

RESUMO

Seven sulfated triterpene glycosides, psolusosides B (1), E (2), F (3), G (4), H (5), H1 (6), and I (7), along with earlier known psolusoside A and colochiroside D have been isolated from the sea cucumber Psolus fabricii collected in the Sea of Okhotsk. Herein, the structure of psolusoside B (1), elucidated by us in 1989 as a monosulfated tetraoside, has been revised with application of modern NMR and particularly MS data and proved to be a disulfated tetraoside. The structures of other glycosides were elucidated by 2D NMR spectroscopy and HR-ESI mass-spectrometry. Psolusosides E (2), F (3), and G (4) contain holostane aglycones identical to each other and differ in their sugar compositions and the quantity and position of sulfate groups in linear tetrasaccharide carbohydrate moieties. Psolusosides H (5) and H1 (6) are characterized by an unusual sulfated trisaccharide carbohydrate moiety with the glucose as the second sugar unit. Psolusoside I (7) has an unprecedented branched tetrasaccharide disulfated carbohydrate moiety with the xylose unit in the second position of the chain. The cytotoxic activities of the compounds 2-7 against several mouse cell lines-ascite form of Ehrlich carcinoma, neuroblastoma Neuro 2A, normal epithelial JB-6 cells, and erythrocytes-were quite different, at that hemolytic effects of the tested compounds were higher than their cytotoxicity against other cells, especially against the ascites of Ehrlich carcinoma. Interestingly, psolusoside G (4) was not cytotoxic against normal JB-6 cells but demonstrated high activity against Neuro 2A cells. The cytotoxic activity against human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells and the influence on the colony formation and growth of HT-29 cells of compounds 1-3, 5-7 and psolusoside A was checked. The highest inhibitory activities were demonstrated by psolusosides E (2) and F (3).


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/química , Pepinos-do-Mar/química , Triterpenos/química , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Camundongos , Trissacarídeos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia
18.
Carbohydr Polym ; 221: 157-165, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227154

RESUMO

The sulfated α-l-fucans ScF and LlF were obtained from brown algae of the Laminariaceae family (Saccharina cichorioides and Laminaria longipes). According to spectroscopy NMR, the LlF fucan predominantly contained the →3)-α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→4)-α-l-Fucp-(1→2)-α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-)-(1→ repeating units, with small amounts of disaccharide 1,4-linked fragments and 3-sulfated fucose residues. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed the presence of the following fragments in the fucan structure: α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→4)-α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→3)-α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-); α-l-Fucp-(2,4SO3-)-(1→3)-α-l-Fucp-(1→3)-α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-); α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→2)-α-l-Fucp; α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→2)-α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-); α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-)-(1→3)-α-l-Fucp; α-l-Fucp-(2,4SO3-)-(1→3)-α-l-Fucp; α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-)-(1→4)-α-l-Fucp; and α-l-Fucp-(4SO3-)-(1→4)-α-l-Fucp-(2SO3-). Both ScF and LlF fucoidans inhibited colony formation and growth of melanoma and colon cancer cells and sensitize-tested cancer cells to X-ray radiation to a comparable degree.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Laminaria/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Sequência de Carboidratos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Polissacarídeos/química , Radiossensibilizantes/química
19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887834

RESUMO

New asterosaponin, acanthaglycoside G (1), along with three previously known steroidal oligoglycosides (2‒4), were isolated from the ethanolic extract of the starfish Acanthaster planci, collected off the coast of Vietnam. The structure of 1 was mainly elucidated by extensive NMR and ESIMS techniques as sodium 6-O-{ß-D-fucopyranosyl-(1→2)-ß-D-quinovopyranosyl-(1→4)-[ß-D-quinovopyranosyl-(1→2)]-ß-D-quinovopyranosyl-(1→3)-ß-D-quinovopyranosyl}-6α-hydroxy-5α-pregn-9(11)-en-20-one-3ß-yl sulfate. Compounds 3 and 4 showed slight cytotoxic activities against cancer RPMI-7951, HT-29, and MDA-MB-231 cell lines, but effectively inhibited in non-toxic concentrations colony formation of HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 cells and cell migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. Compounds 1 and 2 were inactive or less active, respectively.

20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 206: 539-547, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553355

RESUMO

The laminarans are neutral water-soluble ß-D-glucans of brown algae possessing potent immunomodulating, radioprotective, and anticancer activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro anticancer, radioprotective, and radiosensitizing activities of laminaran from brown alga Dictyota dichotoma and its sulfated derivative. The native and sulfated laminarans by themselves at non-toxic doses possessed significant anticancer activity against melanoma cells. Both polysaccharides protected normal epidermal cells, while only sulfated laminaran was able to sensitize melanoma cells to X-rays irradiation resulting in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, colony formation, and migration of cancer cells. The molecular mechanism of this action was related to the inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteinases activity as well as down-regulation of kinases' phosphorylation of ERK1/2 signaling cascade. Taken together, the combination of sulfated derivative of laminaran from D. dichotoma with X-ray may serve as a potential treatment strategy for human melanoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Glucanos/farmacologia , Feófitas/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Protetores contra Radiação/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo
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