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1.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(1): 93-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and cognitive function. Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cognitive dysfunction, but data are sparse regarding the relationship between BP variability and cognitive function in geriatric patients with well-controlled BP. AIM: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled BP. METHOD: We analyzed 435 hypertensive patients (167 male, 74.9 ± 8.3; 268 female, 76.1 ± 8.6) treated at least with one antihypertensive drug. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and the standardized mini mental test (sMMT). RESULTS: We divided the weighted standard deviation (SD) of systolic BP (SBP) as a measure of BP variability into quartiles. The top quartile group (≥ 18.5 mmHg) had a significantly lower total sMMT score (23.3 ± 3.2, p < 0.001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis for sMMT, the SD of 24-h SBP was related to sMMT (p = 0.007, 95% confidence interval - 0.301 [- 0.370 to - 0.049]). DISCUSSION: Although there are some inconsistencies among the studies investigating the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in elderly patients, we demonstrated the relationship between increased 24-h blood pressure variability and cognitive functions assessed with sMMT in geriatric population with well-controlled BP. CONCLUSION: The increased blood pressure variability was associated with poorer cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled blood pressure.

2.
Angiology ; 71(1): 56-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416325

RESUMO

The SYNTAX score (SS) and SS II, which include additional clinical parameters, are widely used today for deciding revascularization following coronary angiography. We investigated the association between the presence and severity of carotid artery disease (CrAD) using the SS and SS II in 287 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. We based this investigation on the known association between coronary artery disease and CrAD. A significant association was observed between the groups with and without CrAD in terms of SS II values (28.4 ± 9.6 vs 21.4 ± 7.7, respectively; P < .001). A significant difference was also observed when stenosis was classified according to severity as <50%, 50% to 70%, and >70% (P < .001). The results indicated a positive correlation between the presence and severity of CrAD as SS II increased (r = 0.187, P = .005). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SS II was an independent predictor of CrAD.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is among the serious complications of invasive cardiovascular procedures that are performed with the administration of contrast agents. We investigated the role of the inflammatory markers in predicting CIN in acute coronary syndrome patients. METHODS: This study included 232 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent emergency angiography at our center. RESULTS: There were 38 (19.1%) patients in the CIN group (mean age: 62.4 ± 10.2; 68.4% male), and 162 patients in the non-CIN group (mean age: 62.1 ± 11.5; 60.5% male). In the CIN positive group, serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) (P < 0.001), uric acid (P < 0.001), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (P < 0.001), the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (P = 0.02) were higher, whereas vitamin D (P < 0.001), hemoglobin (P < 0.001) and baseline glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.011) were lower compared with the CIN negative group. The receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the cutoff point of GGT was 56 U/L for predicting CIN with a 84.2% sensitivity and a 72.2% specificity (area under the curve = 0.879, P < 0.001). The predictive value of GGT was the highest compared other inflammatory markers for CIN (area under the curve = 0.879). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the levels of GGT, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, vitamin D, uric acid and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were the effective factors in development of CIN. The level of GGT was found as the most effective factor in prediction of the development of CIN.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17297, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574853

RESUMO

As a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, presence of hypertension (HT) necessitates the awareness of asymptomatic organ damage (AOD). The aim of this study was to measure plasma micro RNA-21 (miR-21) and the parameters that reflect AOD such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), microalbuminuria (MAU) in hypertensive patients compared with healthy controls. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate plasma miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. The study includes 2 groups: 32 patients with HT and 32 healthy controls. First, we compared these 2 groups. Then, to underline the relationship between plasma miR-21 and HT, hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups: with AOD and without AOD.Sixteen patients with HT had AOD. MiR-21 levels significantly correlated with clinical systolic and diastolic blood pressure, MAU, C-reactive protein, and CIMT. CIMT, miR-21, and MAU levels were significantly higher in patients with AOD.Our study showed increased miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia
5.
Angiology ; 70(9): 860-866, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170823

RESUMO

New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) has been associated with poor outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of NOAF and severity of coronary artery disease using the SYNTAX score (SS) and SYNTAX score II (SSII) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) who were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 662 patients with NSTE-ACS were consecutively enrolled. The incidence of NOAF was 11.4% among the patients with NSTE-ACS. Mean age was significantly higher in NOAF group (P = .011). White blood cell count, peak troponin I, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, uric acid, left atrial volume index, and ratio between early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity were significantly higher in NOAF group (respectively, P = .024, P = .017, P = .002, P = .009, P = .025, P < .001, and P < .001). The hemoglobin, ejection fraction, and post PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade <3 were significantly lower in NOAF group (P = 001, P = .010, P = .038). The SS and SSII were significantly higher in NOAF group (all P < .001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SSII was correlated with NOAF (P < .001) in the study groups. We demonstrated that high SSII is significantly associated with NOAF.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
6.
Int J Impot Res ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243351

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) values as indicators of subclinical atherosclerosis among 124 patients with erectile dysfunction, which was thought to be vasculogenic and 126 control subjects who had no erectile dysfunction, and to compare cardiac performance values between both the groups using exercise stress tests (EST). Erectile function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire form. AIP values were studied and compared between patients with ED (IIEF < 22) and those without ED (IIEF > 22) using the log10 TG/HDL-C formula. In addition, the correlation between the severity of ED and AIP was investigated according to IIEF-5 scoring. Metabolic equivalent (MET) values, maximal heart rates (max HR), and heart rate recovery (HRR) were evaluated with effort tests. AIP values were significantly higher in the ED group than in the control group (0.45 ± 0.27, and 0.37 ± 0.27; p = 0.015). According to IIEF-5 scoring, AIP values increased as ED scores decreased. In the EST, MET score and max HR values were significantly lower in the ED group (METs: 11.1 ± 2.2, and 11.6 ± 2.2; p = 0.045; Max HR: 162.8 ± 6.1, and 165 ± 8.7; p = 0.019). Although not statistically significant, HRR values were lower in the ED group. Higher AIP values were found in the ED group, and a positive correlation was established between AIP and the severity of ED. In addition, lower performance during the EST and lower HRR values, again in the ED group, confirms cardiac interaction with ED. These results indicate the importance of referral of patients with ED from urology clinics to cardiology units for risk determination and cardiac assessment, even if they areasymptomatic.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(12)2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501029

RESUMO

(1) To investigate the role of azurocidin, an antimicrobial protein, in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). (2) This single-center prospective observational study included patients with STEMI and healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects. Baseline demographic, clinical and biochemical data were compared between the two groups. Azurocidin levels at baseline were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Multivariate linear regression analysis with enter method was used to test the association between azurocidin and independent variables, such as the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) score, synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXUS and cardiac surgery score, global registry of acute coronary events score, Killip class, C-reactive protein (CRP), and creatinine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB). (3) A total of 76 patients with STEMI and 30 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Mean ± SD azurocidin levels were significantly higher in patients compared with healthy controls (18.07 ± 13.99 versus 10.09 ± 5.29 ng/mL, respectively). In a receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis, an azurocidin cut-off level of >11.46 ng/mL had 74% sensitivity and 58% specificity in predicting myocardial infarction. Azurocidin levels had a positive correlation with TIMI score (r = 0.651). In multivariate linear regression analysis, the TIMI score was an independent predictor of the azurocidin level. (4) Azurocidin is an infection marker that may be important in patients with STEMI.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/sangue , Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia
8.
Int J Angiol ; 27(4): 223-226, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410294

RESUMO

Simultaneous multivessel epicardial coronary artery thrombosis is an uncommon finding in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It generally leads to cardiogenic shock and sudden cardiac death in the hospital. We report a 42-year-old male patient presenting with acute anterior STEMI with triple coronary artery thrombosis. An emergency coronary angiogram showed total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) with thrombus formation. At the same time, thrombus formations were also seen in the circumflex artery (CXA), the second obtuse marginal (OM2) branch, and the distal right coronary artery (RCA). We unsuccessfully attempted thrombus aspiration of the LAD. Subsequently, we decided to stent the LAD, and a successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed for the LAD. In a second procedure, RCA thrombosis regressed with 24-hour tirofiban (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor) perfusion, although CXA thrombosis and OM thrombosis did not regress. Therefore, we performed stenting of the CXA and OM with a newer provisional technique called the flower petal technique. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade III was seen after stenting. The patient was discharged from the hospital 5 days after PCI without any symptoms.

9.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 46(5): 340-348, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Many interventional cardiologists are concerned about the risk of side branch (SB) loss during main vessel (MV) stenting in complex bifurcation lesions. Therefore, novel techniques are required to reduce the risk of SB occlusion. The jailed semi-inflated balloon technique (JSBT) is one of these techniques. This article is a description of clinical experience with SB patency assessment using the JSBT. METHODS: A total of 64 patients with 82 distinct coronary bifurcation lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) via JSBT at this institution. In the majority of patients, the SB balloon was inflated with a greater pressure (4.8±2.0 atm) than in the standard JSBT. Procedural and immediate clinical outcomes were reviewed via baseline and post-procedural quantitative coronary angiography analysis. RESULTS: The majority of the patients had acute coronary syndrome (60.9%) and almost one-third of the patients were Medina class 1.1.1. (32.8%). A jailed-balloon or wire was not entrapped during any PCI. SB ostial dissection was seen in only 2 patients. The minimal lumen diameter was improved in the MV and SB following PCI. There were no adverse cardiac events during in-hospital stay or at 1-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: JSBT provides maximum SB protection with bifurcation lesions and requires less time than a complex technique. There was no significant SB occlusion risk even though the SB balloon was inflated with a slightly higher pressure. The immediate clinical outcomes and procedural success of this study may encourage interventional cardiologists to use this technique safely with reliable preservation of SB patency.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Intractable Rare Dis Res ; 7(1): 58-60, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29552449

RESUMO

Right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the left coronary system is a subtype of single coronary artery (SCA) anomaly, and the origin of RCA as a branch from the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a very rare variant. A 55-year-old male who had a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) history was hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed an aberrant RCA originating from the mid-LAD as well as stent thrombosis. A successful PCI was performed and he was discharged from the hospital three days after the PCI. It is known that there is an increased incidence of atherosclerosis and stent thrombosis in coronary anomaly patients. Therefore, interventional cardiologists should consider the most suitable PCI strategy before stenting and avoid complex techniques.

11.
Angiology ; 69(2): 158-163, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28592149

RESUMO

Syntax score (SS) and Gensini score (GS) are used to determine the complexity and severity of coronary artery disease. Although there are some studies indicating the individual relationship of these scoring systems with the carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and epicardial fat tissue (EFT), there was no previous study that compared the SS and GS in that respect. We aimed to assess the relationship of SS and GS with predictors of atherosclerosis. We enrolled 522 patients. There were positive correlations between GS and SS tertiles with cIMT and EFT. According to multivariate linear regression analysis for GS, EFT (ß: 0.035, t: 2.63, and P = .49) and cIMT (ß: 0.339, t: 2.97, and P = .053) were not independently associated. For SS, EFT (ß: 0.009, t: 6.5, and P = .006) and cIMT (ß: 1.2, t: 10.1, and P = .001) were independently and significantly associated. We showed that the SS is significantly associated more with surrogate markers of atherosclerosis such as EFT and cIMT than the GS.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(6): 483-489, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28315571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the relationship of micronucleus (MN) frequency and nuclear division index (NDI) with SYNTAX and Gensini scores and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame counts of coronary arteries in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: In a single-center prospective observational study, a total of 63 individuals, 48 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 15 healthy people were included. Before coronary angiography (exposure to X-ray), blood samples were collected for lymphocyte cultures, MN and NDI measurements. According to the SYNTAX and Gensini scores, patients were allocated into two groups. Group 1 and 2 included the patients with SYNTAX scores <22 and ≥22 points, respectively. Similarly, groups according to Gensini scores included the ones <23 and ≥23 points. MN test was used for in vitro studies in human peripheral lymphocytes. Binucleated lymphocytes were calculated for each patient. RESULTS: MN frequency was significantly higher in group 2 than group 1 and in group 1 than control group (p<0.001). NDI was significantly higher in control group than group 1 and in group 1 than group 2 (p=0.003). MN frequency had positive but moderate correlation with SYNTAX and Gensini scores and TFCs of left anterior descending (LAD), circumflex and right coronary arteries (r=0.394, p=0.003; r=0.458, p<0.001; r=0.425, p<0.001; r=0.469, p<0.001; and r=0.475, p<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: We can conclude that as the degree of atherosclerosis increases and coronary flow worsens, MN frequency increases and NDI decreases. Our results may help to elucidate the relationship of DNA damage in pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction in patients with stable CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Divisão do Núcleo Celular , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Clin Respir J ; 11(1): 68-77, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25919038

RESUMO

AIMS: In this study, we aim to evaluate the left atrial global longitudinal strain (LAGLS), total atrial conduction time (TACT) and left ventricle (LV) functions in recently diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) patients. METHOD: Fifty recently diagnosed PS patients (group 1) and a control group of 50 healthy individuals (group 2) were evaluated in the study. Two-dimensional echocardiography images were obtained from LV apical 4-chamber (4C), long-axis (L) and 2-chamber (2C) views. Peak longitudinal strain and strain rate (SR) were obtained from 4C, L and 2C views. Mean values of the three views were calculated. LV global longitudinal strain and LV-SR torsion were determined as the net differences in the mean rotation between the apical and basal levels. LAGLS and TACT values were calculated. RESULTS: The study found that LAGLS was significantly lower in group 1 than in group 2 (P < 0.05). TACT was also significantly longer in group 1 than in group 2 (respectively group 1: 111.6 ± 15.1 ms; group 2: 103.4 ± 5.8 ms, P < 0.001). There was a significant moderate negative correlation between LAGLS and TACT (r = -0.36, P < 0.05). Patients with sarcoidosis had significantly lower LV longitudinal strain and SR measurements than the control group. Although LV basal rotation (LVR) values were similar in both groups, LVR-apical and LV-torsion (LVTR) values were significantly higher in the patient group (group 1). CONCLUSION: The identification of left atrial and left ventricular myocardial deformation using speckle tracking echocardiography in patients with PS allows subclinical LV dysfunction and subclinical electrophysiologic changes to be detected earlier.


Assuntos
Sarcoidose Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/anormalidades , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
14.
Angiology ; 68(5): 414-418, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27432447

RESUMO

Data are scant regarding serum bilirubin levels in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). In this study, we evaluated the role of serum bilirubin levels in NSTE-ACS. We enrolled 782 patients who presented to the emergency department with acute chest pain. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the troponin positivity. Patients with NSTE-ACS who had troponin positivity were included in group 1 (n = 382), and group 2 consisted of the control patients (n = 400). Direct bilirubin (DB) levels (group 1: 0.31 ± 0.37 mg/dL, group 2: 0.20 ± 0.25 mg/dL, P < .001) and total bilirubin (TB) levels (group 1: 0.78 ± 0.56 mg/dL, group 2: 0.62 ± 0.45 mg/dL, P < .001) were significantly higher in group 1. There was a significant and moderate correlation between serum bilirubin levels and admission troponin values ( r = .34, P < .001 for TB and r = .42, P < .001 for DB). These results show that serum bilirubin levels were associated with troponin positivity in patients with NSTE-ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Dor no Peito/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
15.
Korean Circ J ; 46(4): 522-9, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27482261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the correlation between electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters and presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) to indicate the usefulness of these parameters as predictors of severity in patients with stable CAD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty patients, without a history of any cardiovascular event were included in the study. The ECG parameters were measured manually by a cardiologist before coronary angiography. The patients were allocated into five groups: those with normal coronary arteries (Group 1), non-critical coronary lesions (Group 2), one, two and three vessel disease (Group 3, Group 4 and Group 5, respectively. RESULTS: Group 1 had the lowest P wave dispersion (PWD) and P wave (Pmax), QT interval (QTmax), QT dispersion (QTd), corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and QT dispersion ratio (QTdR), while the patients in group 5 had the highest values of these parameters. Gensini score and QTmax, QTd, QTcmax, QTcd, QTdR, Pmax, and PWD were positively correlated. QTdR was the best ECG parameter to differentiate group 1 and 2 from groups with significant stenosis (groups 3, 4, and 5) (area under curve [AUC] 0.846). QTdR was the best ECG parameter to detect coronary arterial narrowing lesser than 50% and greater than 50%, respectively (AUC 0.858). CONCLUSION: Presence and severity of CAD can be determined by using ECG in patients with stable CAD and normal left ventricular function.

16.
J Investig Med ; 64(3): 759-63, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26912008

RESUMO

The clinical manifestations of cardiac involvement are seen in about 5% of patients with sarcoidosis; however, the incidence of cardiac involvement is higher in the autopsy series. About 14% of patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) without known cardiac involvement had diastolic dysfunction.We aimed to determine the role of parameters of right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic function in patients with PS without evidence of cardiac symptoms. Our study population consisted of 28 patients with grades 1-4 PS and 24 healthy subjects. This study was a clinical prospective cohort study. RV end-diastolic area was found to be significantly higher in the PS group (p=0.032). RV fractional area change (RVFAC) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) were shown to be statistically lower in the PS group as compared to the control group (p<0.001). However, pulmonary arterial systolic pressure was significantly higher in the PS group (p=0.003). The tricuspid E velocity and E/A ratio were found to be significantly lower in the PS group (p=0.025 and 0.009, respectively), while the tricuspid A velocity and myocardial performance index (MPI) were found to be significantly lower in the control group (p=0.034 and 0.007, respectively). Early detection of cardiac involvement in PS is crucial because of the increased morbidity and risk of sudden cardiac death. RV diastolic Doppler parameters, tissue Doppler MPI, RVFAC and TAPSE are practical and cheap techniques in the diagnosis of cardiac involvement in patients with PS. A thorough transthorasic echocardiographic examination including RV systolic and diastolic functions and tissue Doppler MPI should constitute the mainstay of initial management and follow-up in PS.


Assuntos
Diástole/fisiologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Sístole/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Espirometria , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
17.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 44(5): 305-11, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26888734

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the myocardial dysfunction in the early stage of nonhemorrhagic stroke and its association with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. METHODS: We included 29 patients with acute ischemic stroke, in whom NIHSS scores were calculated and stroke infarct volumes recorded. Within 48 hours of admission, cardiac evaluation with speckle tracking echocardiography was performed and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global longitudinal systolic strain rate were obtained. These measurements were repeated on the 10th day. RESULTS: NIHSS score improved, but infarct volume increased (p = 0.011 and 0.065, respectively) from admission to day 10. Ejection fraction was 53.2% and 55.8%, respectively, at admission and day 10 (p = 0.482), while GLS improved from -16.41% to -18.76% (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: GLS and global longitudinal systolic strain rate showed significant improvement together with NIHSS score. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 44:305-311, 2016.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
18.
Angiology ; 67(8): 737-41, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26514415

RESUMO

Serum γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) activity is a risk predictor for the development of coronary artery disease and is related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the clinical utility of GGT activity in predicting high troponin levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) admitted to the emergency department with chest pain. A total of 200 troponin-positive and 203 troponin-negative patients were classified into groups 1 and 2, respectively. γ-Glutamyl transferase activity was significantly higher in group 1 (44 ± 34 U/L) compared with group 2 (31 ± 26 U/L, P = .001). A GGT activity cutoff >25.5 showed 62% sensitivity and 61% specificity in predicting troponin positivity. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated a significant predictive value of GGT for troponin positivity. Spearman rank correlation analysis showed a moderately strong relationship between GGT activity and troponin positivity. Considering the predictive value of high GGT activity for troponin positivity, GGT activity may complement other diagnostic biomarkers for predicting troponin positivity in patients having ACS admitted with chest pain.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico , Ensaios Enzimáticos Clínicos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Troponina/sangue , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Idoso , Angina Pectoris/sangue , Angina Pectoris/etiologia , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima
19.
Intractable Rare Dis Res ; 4(4): 170-80, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26668777

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder without any defined etiology. Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is detected in 2-7% of patients with sarcoidosis and more than 20% of the cases of sarcoidosis are clinically silent. Cardiac involvement in systemic sarcoidosis (SS) and isolated cardiac sarcoidosis (iCS) are associated with arrhythmia and severe heart failure (HF) and have a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis of CS and prompt initiation of corticosteroid therapy with or without other immunosuppressants is crucial. Electrocardiography, Holter monitoring, and Doppler echocardiography with speckle tracking imaging can serve as the initial steps to diagnosis of CS. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and positron emission tomography (PET) are promising techniques for both diagnosis and follow-up of CS. This review discusses the main aspects of cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis.

20.
Intractable Rare Dis Res ; 4(4): 203-6, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26668781

RESUMO

The incidence of congenital artery anomalies is 0.2-1.4%, and most are benign. Single coronary artery (SCA) anomalies are very rare. The right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the left coronary system is one such SCA anomaly, and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) increases if it courses between the pulmonary artery and aorta and coexists with other congenital heart diseases. Additionally, coursing of the RCA between the great vessels increases the risk of atherosclerosis. We herein present the case of a 57 year-old man who was admitted to our cardiology outpatient clinic and diagnosed with an SCA anomaly in which the RCA arose from the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and coursed between the pulmonary artery and aorta. However a critical stenosis was not detected in imaging techniques, and myocardial perfusion scintigraphic evidence of ischaemia was found in a small area. Therefore, he was managed with conservative medical therapy.

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