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1.
Rheumatol Int ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396686

RESUMO

With the aim to develop and validate a clinical + ultrasound (US) inflammation score in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for use in clinical practice, a mixed-method study was conducted. The theoretical development of the index was achieved with qualitative methodology (discussion group and Delphi survey). Subsequently, a cross-sectional study was carried out to analyse issues related to scoring and validation of the new index. RA patients underwent clinical [28 swollen and tender joints count, patient and physician global assessment (PhGA), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP)], and US assessments [synovitis or tenosynovitis by grey-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) of 42 structures]. An index was created based on statistical models and expert interaction. Construct validity was tested by correlation with DAS28, SDAI, CDAI, and PhGA. Reliability was evaluated in a subgroup of patients with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). US assessment, CRP, and swollen joints were the items that passed the prioritization phase (Delphi study). For the cross-sectional study, 281 patients were randomly divided into design (n = 141) and validation samples (n = 140). The combination of US sites chosen (7 bilaterally) detected the maximum proportion of synovitis and PD present. Three scoring methods were tested: semiquantitative (0-3 GS + 0-3 PD), dichotomous (0/1 GS + 0/1 PD), and qualitative (0/1 based on algorithm). All showed strong correlation with activity measures (ρ ≥ 0.60), and reliability (ICC 0.89-0.93). The index with best parameters of validity, feasibility, and reliability was the qualitative. The final index chosen was the sum of swollen joint count, US qualitative score, and CRP. The UltraSound Activity score is a valid and reliable measure of inflammation in RA equal to the sum of 28 SJC, a simplified (0/1) US assessment of 11 structures and CRP. It is necessary further investigation to demonstrate additional value over existing indices.

2.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(8): e0007708, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) blockers are recognized as a risk factor for reactivation of granulomatous infections. Leishmaniasis has been associated with the use of these drugs, although few cases have been reported. METHODOLOGY: We performed a retrospective observational study including patients with confirmed leishmaniasis acquired in the Mediterranean basin that were under TNF-α blockers therapy at the moment of the diagnosis. Patients diagnosed in our hospital from 2008 to 2018 were included. Moreover, a systematic review of the literature was performed and cases fulfilling the inclusion criteria were also included. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Forty-nine patients were analyzed including nine cases from our series. Twenty-seven (55.1%) cases were male and median age was 55 years. Twenty-five (51%) patients were under infliximab treatment, 20 (40.8%) were receiving adalimumab, 2 (4.1%) etanercept, one (2%) golimumab and one (2%) a non-specified TNF-α blocker. Regarding clinical presentation, 28 (57.1%) presented as cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), 16 (32.6%) as visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and 5 (10.2%) as mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL). All VL and MCL patients were treated with systemic therapies. Among CL patients, 13 (46.4%) were treated with a systemic drug (11 received L-AmB, one intramuscular antimonials and one miltefosine) while 14 (50%) patients were given local treatment (13 received intralesional pentavalent antimonials, and one excisional surgery). TNF-α blockers were interrupted in 32 patients (65.3%). After treatment 5 patients (10.2%) relapsed. Four patients with a CL (3 initially treated with local therapy maintaining TNF-α blockers and one treated with miltefosine) and one patient with VL treated with L-AmB maintaining TNF-α blockers. CONCLUSIONS: This data supports the assumption that the blockage of TNF-α modifies clinical expression of leishmaniasis in endemic population modulating the expression of the disease leading to atypical presentations. According to the cases reported, the best treatment strategy would be a systemic drug and the discontinuation of the TNF-α blockers therapy until clinical resolution.

3.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312201

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent autoimmune disease involving the joints. Although anti-TNF therapies have proven effective in the management of RA, approximately one third of patients do not show a significant clinical response. The objective of this study was to identify new genetic variation associated with the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy in RA. Methods: We performed a sequential multi-omic analysis integrating different sources of molecular information. First, we extracted the RNA from synovial biopsies of 11 RA patients starting anti-TNF therapy to identify gene coexpression modules (GCMs) in the RA synovium. Second, we analyzed the transcriptomic association between each GCM and the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy. The clinical response was determined at week 14 using the EULAR criteria. Third, we analyzed the association between the GCMs and anti-TNF response at the genetic level. For this objective, we used genome-wide data from a cohort of 348 anti-TNF treated patients from Spain. The GCMs that were significantly associated with the anti-TNF response were then tested for validation in an independent cohort of 2,706 anti-TNF treated patients. Finally, the functional implication of the validated GCMs was evaluated via pathway and cell type epigenetic enrichment analyses. Results: A total of 149 GCMs were identified in the RA synovium. From these, 13 GCMs were found to be significantly associated with anti-TNF response (P < 0.05). At the genetic level, we detected two of the 13 GCMs to be significantly associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0015) and infliximab (P = 0.021) in the Spain cohort. Using the independent cohort of RA patients, we replicated the association of the GCM associated with the response to adalimumab (P = 0.0019). The validated module was found to be significantly enriched for genes involved in the nucleotide metabolism (P = 2.41e-5) and epigenetic marks from immune cells, including CD4+ regulatory T cells (P = 0.041). Conclusions: These findings show the existence of a drug-specific genetic basis for anti-TNF response, thereby supporting treatment stratification in the search for response biomarkers in RA.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 475: 169-171, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29056531

RESUMO

At present, data comparing the quantification methods for measurement of free vitamin D (direct assay [direct 25-OHDF] and estimated by calculation [calculated 25-OHDF]), are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyse the concordance between these two methods of 25-OHDF analysis (direct vs. calculated). METHODS: Serum values of total 25-OHD (25-OHDT), vitamin D binding protein (DBP) (by R&D Systems ELISA), calculated 25-OHDF (by DBP, albumin and 25-OHDT) and direct 25-OHDF (by DIAsource ELISA) were analysed in 173 healthy women (aged 35-45years). Assessment of concordance was evaluated by the Bland-Altman plot and the total deviation index (TDI). RESULTS: The mean values of calculated and direct 25-OHDF in these subjects were 5.27±2.5 and 3.83±1.01pg/mL, respectively. We found significantly lower values of 25-OHDF on comparing subjects with and without vitamin D deficiency, independently of the method used. The total deviation index evaluated by the Bland-Altman plot showed low concordance for both measurements. Only low 25-OHDF levels were concordant. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the concordance between these two methods of 25-OHDF analysis is low and has a concentration dependent bias. Further studies are necessary to clarify the reference values and the indications for 25-OHDF measurement.


Assuntos
Calcifediol/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico , Proteína de Ligação a Vitamina D/sangue
6.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 205(5): 409-412, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28406840

RESUMO

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with schizophrenia. We aimed to determine whether patients with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) had lower vitamin D levels compared with controls considering their final diagnosis. We conducted a cross-sectional study determining 25-hydroxyvitamin D blood levels. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels were considered optimum at 20 ng/mL or greater. A group of 45 adult patients with FEP and a group of 22 healthy controls matched for age were recruited. The patient group was subdivided in two final diagnosis groups (schizophrenia versus other psychoses) after a 6-month follow-up. Average vitamin D values were deficient for FEP patients, especially those 22 with a final diagnosis of schizophrenia. These results relating vitamin D and schizophrenia generate interest to further examine this association.


Assuntos
Transtornos Psicóticos/sangue , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(6): 1106-11, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26983453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: RA patients with serum ACPA have a strong and specific genetic background. The objective of the study was to identify new susceptibility genes for ACPA-positive RA using a genome-wide association approach. METHODS: A total of 924 ACPA-positive RA patients with joint damage in hands and/or feet, and 1524 healthy controls were genotyped in 582 591 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the discovery phase. In the validation phase, the most significant SNPs in the genome-wide association study representing new candidate loci for RA were tested in an independent cohort of 863 ACPA-positive patients with joint damage and 1152 healthy controls. All individuals from the discovery and validation cohorts were Caucasian and of Southern European ancestry. RESULTS: In the discovery phase, 60 loci not previously associated with RA risk showed evidence for association at P < 5×10(-4) and were tested for replication in the validation cohort. A total of 12 loci were replicated at the nominal level (P < 0.05, same direction of effect as in the discovery phase). When combining the discovery and validation cohorts, an intronic SNP in the Solute Carrier family 8 gene (SLC8A3) was found to be associated with ACPA-positive RA at a genome-wide level of significance RA [odds ratio (95% CI): 1.42 (1.25, 1.6), Pcombined = 3.19×10(-8)]. CONCLUSIONS: SLC8A3 was identified as a new risk locus for ACPA-positive RA. This study demonstrates the advantage of analysing relevant subsets of RA patients to identify new genetic risk variants.

8.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(6): 1384-91, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26815016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid factor (RF) is a well-established diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, ∼20% of RA patients are negative for this anti-IgG antibody. To date, only variation at the HLA-DRB1 gene has been associated with the presence of RF. This study was undertaken to identify additional genetic variants associated with RF positivity. METHODS: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for RF positivity was performed using an Illumina Quad610 genotyping platform. A total of 937 RF-positive and 323 RF-negative RA patients were genotyped for >550,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Association testing was performed using an allelic chi-square test implemented in Plink software. An independent cohort of 472 RF-positive and 190 RF-negative RA patients was used to validate the most significant findings. RESULTS: In the discovery stage, a SNP in the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 (SNP rs1502644) showed a genome-wide significant association with RF positivity (P = 4.13 × 10(-8) , odds ratio [OR] 0.37 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.26-0.53]). In the validation stage, the association of IRX1 with RF was replicated in an independent group of RA patients (P = 0.034, OR 0.58 [95% CI 0.35-0.97] and combined P = 1.14 × 10(-8) , OR 0.43 [95% CI 0.32-0.58]). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first GWAS of RF positivity in RA. Variation at the IRX1 locus on chromosome 5p15.3 is associated with the presence of RF. Our findings indicate that IRX1 and HLA-DRB1 are the strongest genetic factors for RF production in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Loci Gênicos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Fator Reumatoide/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Risco
9.
Rheumatol Int ; 36(3): 365-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26597492

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess nailfold capillaroscopic (NC) findings in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) with and without Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) as well as in the presence of positive anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies. Videocapillaroscopy was performed in 150 patients with PSS. Data collected included demographics, presence of RP, PSS symptoms, antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid factor, anti-Ro, anti-La, anti-CCP, salivary scintigraphy, labial biopsy, and NC findings. RP was present in 32% of PSS, keratoconjunctivitis sicca in 91%, oral xerosis in 93%, and skin or genital xerosis in 53%. In patients with positive anti-SSA/Ro (75%) and positive anti-SSB/La (40%), NC showed normal findings in 53% of cases and non-specific in 36%. In patients with PSS, NC was normal in 51% of cases and non-specific in 34%. Scleroderma pattern was found in 14 patients. RP associated with PSS had non-specific capillaroscopy in 40% of cases (p = 0.1). Pericapillary haemorrhages (p = 0.06) and capillary thrombosis (p = 0.2) were not increased, but more dilated capillaries were detected in 48% of cases. Patients with positive anti-Ro and/or anti-La have not a distinct NC profile. Patients with RP associated with PSS had more dilated capillaries, but neither pericapillary haemorrhages nor capillary thrombosis was observed.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Microcirculação , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Gravação em Vídeo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Doença de Raynaud/sangue , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Doença de Raynaud/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espanha
10.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 54(2): 293-303, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26088062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to establish robust reference intervals and to investigate the factors influencing bone turnover markers (BTMs) in healthy premenopausal Spanish women. METHODS: A total of 184 women (35-45 years) from 13 centers in Catalonia were analyzed. Blood and second void urine samples were collected between 8 a.m. and 10 a.m. after an overnight fast. Serum procollagen type I amino-terminal propeptide (PINP) and serum cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) were measured by two automated assays (Roche and IDS), bone alkaline phosphatase (bone ALP) by ELISA, osteocalcin (OC) by IRMA and urinary NTX-I by ELISA. PTH and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels were measured. All participants completed a questionnaire on lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Reference intervals were: PINP: 22.7-63.1 and 21.8-65.5 µg/L, bone ALP: 6.0-13.6 µg/L, OC: 8.0-23.0 µg/L, CTX-I: 137-484 and 109-544 ng/L and NTX-I: 19.6-68.9 nM/mM. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) influenced PINP (p=0.007), and low body mass index (BMI) was associated with higher BTMs except for bone ALP. Women under 40 had higher median values of most BTMs. CTX-I was influenced by calcium intake (p=0.010) and PTH (p=0.007). 25OHD levels did not influence BTMs. Concordance between the two automated assays for PINP and particularly CTX-I was poor. CONCLUSIONS: Robust reference intervals for BTMs in a Southern European country are provided. The effects of OCPs and BMI on their levels are significant, whilst serum 25OHD levels did not influence BTMs. Age, calcium intake, BMI and PTH influenced CTX-I. The two automated assays for measuring PINP and CTX-I are not interchangeable.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Remodelação Óssea , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Adulto , Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Fosfatase Alcalina/normas , Biomarcadores/urina , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Colágeno Tipo I/normas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteocalcina/análise , Osteocalcina/normas , Hormônio Paratireóideo/análise , Hormônio Paratireóideo/normas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/normas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/urina , Peptídeos/sangue , Peptídeos/normas , Pré-Menopausa , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/normas , Pró-Colágeno/urina , Valores de Referência , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/análise , Vitamina D/normas
11.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 242, 2015 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26336855

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine signaling is key in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) pathophysiology. Blocking IL-6 receptor (IL6R) has proven to be a highly effective treatment to prevent joint damage. This study was performed to investigate the association between the genetic variation at IL6R gene and the severity of joint damage in RA. METHODS: IL6R gene tagging SNPs (n = 5) were genotyped in a discovery group of 527 RA patients from 5 different university hospitals from Spain. For each marker, a linear regression analysis was performed using an additive model and adjusting for the years of evolution of the disease, autoantibody status, gender and age. Haplotypes combining the SNPs were also estimated and tested for association with the level of joint destruction. Using an independent cohort of 705 RA patients from 6 university hospitals we performed a validation study of the SNPs associated in the discovery phase. RESULTS: In the discovery group we found a highly significant association between IL6R SNP rs4845618 and the level of joint destruction in RA (P = 0.0058, P corrected = 0.026), and a moderate association with SNP rs4453032 (P = 0.02, P corrected = 0.05). The resulting haplotype from both SNPs was more significantly associated with joint damage (P = 0.0037, P corrected = 0.011). Using the validation cohort, we replicated the association between the two IL-6R SNPs with the degree of joint destruction in RA (P = 0.007 and P = 0.04, meta-analysis P = 0.00011 and P = 0.0021, respectively), and the haplotype association (P = 0.0058, meta-analysis P = 6.64 e-5). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation at IL6R gene is associated with joint damage in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Articulações/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Interleucina-6/genética , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Articulações/patologia , Modelos Lineares , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Metanálise como Assunto , Espanha
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 74(10): 1875-81, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25990289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Copy number variants (CNVs) have been associated with the risk to develop multiple autoimmune diseases. Our objective was to identify CNVs associated with the risk to develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a genome-wide analysis approach. METHODS: A total of 835 patients with PsA and 1498 healthy controls were genotyped for CNVs using the Illumina HumanHap610 BeadChip genotyping platform. Genomic CNVs were characterised using CNstream analysis software and analysed for association using the χ(2) test. The most significant genomic CNV associations with PsA risk were independently tested in a validation sample of 1133 patients with PsA and 1831 healthy controls. In order to test for the specificity of the variants with PsA aetiology, we also analysed the association to a cohort of 822 patients with purely cutaneous psoriasis (PsC). RESULTS: A total of 165 common CNVs were identified in the genome-wide analysis. We found a highly significant association of an intergenic deletion between ADAMTS9 and MAGI1 genes on chromosome 3p14.1 (p=0.00014). Using the independent patient and control cohort, we validated the association between ADAMTS9-MAGI1 deletion and PsA risk (p=0.032). Using next-generation sequencing, we characterised the 26 kb associated deletion. Finally, analysing the PsC cohort we found a lower frequency of the deletion compared with the PsA cohort (p=0.0088) and a similar frequency to that of healthy controls (p>0.3). CONCLUSIONS: The present genome-wide scan for CNVs associated with PsA risk has identified a new deletion associated with disease risk and which is also differential from PsC risk.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/genética , Artrite Psoriásica/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Deleção de Genes , Proteína ADAMTS9 , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/genética , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 10(4): e0122088, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25848939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anti-TNF therapies have been highly efficacious in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but 25-30% of patients do not show a significant clinical response. There is increasing evidence that genetic variation at the Fc receptor FCGR2A is associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy. We aimed to validate this genetic association in a patient cohort from the Spanish population, and also to identify new genes functionally related to FCGR2A that are also associated with anti-TNF response. METHODS: A total of 348 RA patients treated with an anti-TNF therapy were included and genotyped for FCGR2A polymorphism rs1081274. Response to therapy was determined at 12 weeks, and was tested for association globally and independently for each anti-TNF drug (infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab). Using gene expression profiles from macrophages obtained from synovial fluid of RA patients, we searched for genes highly correlated with FCGR2A expression. Tag SNPs were selected from each candidate gene and tested for association with the response to therapy. RESULTS: We found a significant association between FCGR2A and the response to adalimumab (P=0.022). Analyzing the subset of anti-CCP positive RA patients (78%), we also found a significant association between FCGR2A and the response to infliximab (P=0.035). DHX32 and RGS12 were the most consistently correlated genes with FCGR2A expression in RA synovial fluid macrophages (P<0.001). We found a significant association between the genetic variation at DHX32 (rs12356233, corrected P=0.019) and a nominally significant association between RGS12 and the response to adalimumab (rs4690093, uncorrected P=0.040). In the anti-CCP positive group of patients, we also found a nominally significant association between RGS12 and the response to infliximab (rs2857859, uncorrected P=0.042). CONCLUSIONS: In the present study we have validated the FCGR2A association in an independent population, and we have identified new genes associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in RA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de IgG/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Líquido Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquido Sinovial/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Pharmacogenomics ; 15(14): 1763-1769, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493569

RESUMO

Aim: Variation at PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus has been recently associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. We undertook the present study to determine whether PDE3A-SLCO1C1 is also associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in psoriatic arthritis. Patients & methods: Genomic DNA was obtained from 81 psoriatic arthritis patients that had been treated with anti-TNF therapy. PDE3A-SLCO1C1 SNP rs3794271 was genotyped using Taqman realt-time PCR. The clinical response to anti-TNF therapy was measured as the change from baseline in the level of disease activity according to the DAS28 score. Results: A significant association between rs3794271 and anti-TNF response in psoriatic arthritis was found (beta = -0.71; p = 0.0036). Conclusion: PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus is also associated with response to anti-TNF therapy in psoriatic arthritis. Original submitted 12 May 2014; Revision submitted 18 August 2014.

17.
Pharmacogenomics ; 14(7): 727-34, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23651021

RESUMO

AIM: The present study was undertaken to replicate the association of candidate genes for anti-TNF response in rheumatoid arthritis. Candidate genes were selected from a recent genome-wide association study on anti-TNF response performed in a population from Denmark. MATERIALS & METHODS: Genomic DNA was obtained from 315 Spanish rheumatoid arthritis patients having received an anti-TNF agent as their first biological therapy. SNPs from NR2FR2, MAP2K6, CBLN2 and PDE3A-SLCO1C1 candidate loci were genotyped. RESULTS: The PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus rs3794271 SNP showed a highly significant association with anti-TNF treatment response (p = 1.74 × 10⁻5). Combining the statistical evidence from the Spanish and Danish rheumatoid arthritis cohorts, the associated rs3794271 SNP reached a genome-wide significance level of association (p = 3.3 × 10⁻¹°). CONCLUSION: The present findings establish the PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus as a strong genetic marker of anti-TNF therapy response.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 3/genética , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Dinamarca , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Hum Mol Genet ; 21(20): 4549-57, 2012 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22814393

RESUMO

Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified >20 new loci associated with the susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) risk. We investigated the association of PsV and its main clinical subphenotypes with 32 loci having previous genome-wide evidence of association with PsV (P < 5e-8) or strong GWAS evidence (P < 5e-5 in discovery and P < 0.05 in replication sample) in a large cohort of PsV patients (n = 2005) and controls (n = 1497). We provide the first independent replication for COG6 (P = 0.00079) and SERPINB8 (P = 0.048) loci with PsV. In those patients having developed psoriatic arthritis (n = 955), we found, for the first time, a strong association with IFIH1 (P = 0.013). Analyses of clinically relevant PsV subtypes yielded a significant association of severity of cutaneous disease with variation at LCE3D locus (P = 0.0005) in PsV and nail involvement with IL1RN in purely cutaneous psoriasis (PsC, P = 0.007). In an exploratory analysis of epistasis, we replicated the previously described HLA-C-ERAP1 interaction with PsC. Our findings show that common genetic variants associated with a complex phenotype like PsV influence different subphenotypes of high clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Fenótipo , Psoríase/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Alelos , Aminopeptidases/genética , Aminopeptidases/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Antígenos HLA-C/imunologia , Humanos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/genética , Masculino , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo
19.
PLoS One ; 4(10): e7556, 2009 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19847310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TNF alpha blockade agents like infliximab are actually the treatment of choice for those rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who fail standard therapy. However, a considerable percentage of anti-TNF alpha treated patients do not show a significant clinical response. Given that new therapies for treatment of RA have been recently approved, there is a pressing need to find a system that reliably predicts treatment response. We hypothesized that the analysis of whole blood gene expression profiles of RA patients could be used to build a robust predictor to infliximab therapy. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed microarray gene expression analysis on whole blood RNA samples from RA patients starting infliximab therapy (n = 44). The clinical response to infliximab was determined at week 14 using the EULAR criteria. Blood cell populations were determined using flow cytometry at baseline, week 2 and week 14 of treatment. Using complete cross-validation and repeated random sampling we identified a robust 8-gene predictor model (96.6% Leave One Out prediction accuracy, P = 0.0001). Applying this model to an independent validation set of RA patients, we estimated an 85.7% prediction accuracy (75-100%, 95% CI). In parallel, we also observed a significantly higher number of CD4+CD25+ cells (i.e. regulatory T cells) in the responder group compared to the non responder group at baseline (P = 0.0009). CONCLUSIONS: The present 8-gene model obtained from whole blood expression efficiently predicts response to infliximab in RA patients. The application of the present system in the clinical setting could assist the clinician in the selection of the optimal treatment strategy in RA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Infliximab , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/biossíntese , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Pharmacogenomics ; 10(10): 1697-708, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19842941

RESUMO

AIMS: Transient CD20+ B-cell depletion with rituximab is an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there is a subgroup of patients that do not show significant clinical response to rituximab and for these patients, other modes of treatment are preferred. Finding biomarkers for drug response in RA has immense potential for improving treatment and lowering healthcare costs for treating RA patients by facilitating the optimization of their pharmacotherapy. In the present study, we report on gene expression profiles of three different blood cell types in rituximab responders and nonresponder RA patients identifying new candidate genes associated with rituximab response. MATERIALS & METHODS: Transcriptional profiles of whole-blood, CD4+ T cells and B cells were analyzed from nine female patients (mean age 53 +/- 11 years) with active RA disease (DAS28 > 5.1), starting rituximab therapy using Illumina (CA, USA) gene-expression microarrays. Whole-blood RNA was extracted using the PAXgene system (PreAnalytix, Hombrechtikon, Switzerland) whilst the lymphocyte RNA was obtained following cell isolation using negative selection. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to determine whole blood subpopulations, as well as the lymphocyte isolation purity. A whole-genome expression profiling was performed on the RNA samples prepared from the three blood cell populations using the Illumina Human 6 Beadchip array system version 1 (Illumina). From the group of statistically significant genes showing differential expression in rituximab responders compared with nonresponder RA patients, we selected a group of candidate genes that were subsequently validated in the same RNA samples using TaqMan real-time PCR assays. RESULTS: Several genes were identified whose level of expression is associated significantly with the response to rituximab in all three blood cell types evaluated (multiple-test corrected p-value < 0.05). Real-time PCR-validated genes include ARG1 (1.6-fold downregulated in responders) and TRAF1 (1.4-fold upregulated in responders) genes in whole blood and TLR4 (1.3-fold upregulated in responders) in CD4+ T cells. CONCLUSIONS: The present study is the first gene expression microarray analysis reporting on biomarkers of the clinical response to rituximab in RA in blood cells. Following validation in larger cohorts, the identified genes may serve as biomarkers for treatment choice in RA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA/sangue , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento
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