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1.
J Periodontal Res ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate influence of topical sodium alendronate (ALN), photodynamic therapy (aPDT), or a combination thereof as adjuvant to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of experimental periodontitis in rats. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic protocols to control periodontitis progression that aim to equalize bacterial action and load with tissue immune response are well addressed in current scientific research. METHODS: Experimental periodontitis was induced in 96 rats with a ligature around the mandibular left first molar. After 7 days, ligature was removed and animals were treated according to the following experimental groups (n = 8): control-SRP plus saline solution; ALN-SRP plus ALN; aPDT-SRP plus methylene blue irrigation, followed by low-level laser therapy (LLLT); and ALN/aPDT-SRP plus ALN and methylene blue irrigation followed by LLLT. The animals were euthanized at 7, 15, and 30 days after treatments. Collagen maturation (picrosirius red staining) and immunohistochemical analyses (TRAP, RANKL and osteoprotegerin [OPG]) were performed. Data were submitted to statistical analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: At 7 days, group ALN presented a significantly higher number of TRAP-positive cells and percentage of immature collagen fibers than group ALN/aPDT, while group ALN/aPDT presented a significantly higher percentage of mature collagen fibers than group ALN. At 30 days, group ALN presented significantly lower percentage of immature collagen fibers and higher percentage of mature collagen fibers than control. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that topical use of ALN coadjutant to SRP, alone or combined with aPDT, enhanced collagen maturation and reduced osteoclastogenesis during the healing of experimental periodontitis.

2.
Arch Oral Biol ; 117: 104825, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus reuteri applied locally or systemically with scaling and root planing (SRP) to the treatment of experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats treated with 5-fluorouracil. METHODS: A cotton ligature was installed on the molars of rats. The animals (n = 54) underwent chemotherapy and were divided into groups: SRP (n = 18), scaling and root planing only; LP (n = 18), SRP and 4 sessions of local probiotic (PRO); SP, SRP and 4 sessions of systemic PRO. The molar furcation area was submitted to histopathological, histometric of alveolar bone loss (ABL) and immunolabeling analysis after euthanasia at 7, 15 and 30 days. The data were submitted to statistical analysis (α = 5%). RESULTS: At 15 days ABL was higher in LP compared to SP. At 30 days, ABL was higher in LP compared to SRP and SP. Higher immunolabeling of TGF-ß1 was observed in LP and SP at 7 days compared to SRP (p < 0.05). Lower immunolabeling of OCN and higher immunolabeling of RANKL were observed at all periods in SRP compared to SP (p < 0.05). At 30 days, SRP showed lower immunolabeling of OPG compared to SP and LP (p < 0.05). In SP, lower immunolabeling was observed at 15 days compared at 30 days (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The ABL was similar among the groups treated with SRP associated or not to probiotic therapeutic, although the systemic use of Lactobacillus reuteri considerably reduced inflammation and favored periodontal tissues repair.

3.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 101868, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526374

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated three concentrations of butyl toluidine blue (BuTB) for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: EP was ligature-induced at the first mandibular molar in 105 rats. Ligature was removed after 7 days and animals were distributed into the following treatments: SRP, scaling and root planing (SRP) plus saline solution; BuTB-0.1, SRP plus BuTB at 0.1 mg/mL; aPDT-0.1, SRP plus BuTB at 0.1 mg/mL and InGaAlP diode laser (DL) irradiation; BuTB-0.5, SRP plus BuTB at 0.5 mg/mL; aPDT-0.5, SRP plus BuTB at 0.5 mg/mL and DL irradiation; BuTB-2.0, SRP plus BuTB at 2 mg/mL; aPDT-2.0, SRP plus BuTB at 2 mg/mL and DL irradiation. Five animals from each group were submitted to euthanasia at 7, 15 and 30 days post-treatment. The furcation area was submitted to histological, histometric and immunohistochemical (TGF-ß1, OCN and TRAP) analyses. RESULTS: aPDT-0.5 group presented a better tissue remodeling in all periods, resolution of the inflammatory response and bone neoformation areas at 30 days. aPDT-0.5 also resulted in higher immunolabeling patterns of TGF-ß1 at all periods (p < 0.05) and of OCN at 30 days (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: aPDT-0.5 showed the best benefits for inflammatory response and periodontal repair process.

4.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 101808, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent inflammatory diseases in humans. It is associated with the presence of bacteria and is mediated by the host's immune response This study represents a systematic review and meta-analysis trying to answer the following question: "What is the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) compared to systemic antibiotic therapy with amoxicillin plus metronidazole (AMX+MTZ) on the non-surgical treatment of periodontitis?". METHODS: Clinical studies comparing aPDT with systemic use of AMX+MTZ were searched until January of 2020 using the databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, Web of Science and Scielo, as well manual searches in related journals. Periodontal clinical parameters such as probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Five randomized clinical studies (RCTs) were included within the eligibility criteria, and served as a basis for qualitative and quantitative analyzes. All the studies reported an improvement in the clinical parameters with both therapies, although in a direct comparison, our analyzes did not find statistical differences that indicate the superiority of one supporting treatment in relation to the other. CONCLUSION: Although the limited number of RCTs and the great heterogeneity between them, it can conclude that aPDT presents similar clinical results compared to antibiotic therapy with AMX+MTZ as adjuvants in the non-surgical treatment of periodontitis.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7937, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404873

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to identify whether oxytocin (OT) contributes to the reduction of osteopenia in the femoral neck of rats in periestropause. Animals in irregular estrous cycles received two NaCl injections (0.15 mol/L) or OT (134 µg/kg) over a 12-h interval, and after thirty-five days without treatments, the biological sample collection was performed. The oxytocin group (Ot) demonstrated the highest enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.0138), lowest enzymatic activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (p = 0.0045), higher percentage of compact bone (p = 0.0359), cortical expression of runt-related transcription factor 2 (p = 0.0101), osterix (p = 0.0101), bone morphogenetic protein-2/4 (p = 0.0101) and periostin (p = 0.0455). Furthermore, the mineral-to-matrix ratio (ν1PO4/Proline) was higher and type-B carbonate substitution (CO3/ν1PO4) was lower (p = 0.0008 and 0.0303) in Ot group. The Ot showed higher areal bone mineral density (p = 0.0050), cortical bone area (p = 0.0416), polar moment of inertia, maximum, minimum (p = 0.0480, 0.0480, 0.0035), bone volume fraction (p = 0.0166), connectivity density (p < 0.0001), maximal load (p = 0.0003) and bone stiffness (p = 0.0145). In Ot percentage of cortical pores (p = 0.0102) and trabecular number (p = 0.0088) was lower. The results evidence action of OT in the reduction of osteopenia, suggesting that it is a promising anabolic strategy for the prevention of primary osteoporosis during the periestropause period.

6.
Bone ; 134: 115285, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that strength training (ST) and raloxifene (Ral) treatment during periestropause promotes better bone quality. We wanted to determine whether the skeletal benefits of ST or Ral treatment, performed during periestropause, would persist after fracture. Therefore, the present study aimed to analyze the influence of pre-treatment with ST and administration of Ral during periestropause on bone healing after total unilateral osteotomy. METHODS: Senescent female Wistar rats between 18 and 21 months of age, performed ST on a ladder three times per week, were administered Ral by gavage (2.3 mg/kg/day), or an association of both. After 120 days, the treatments were interrupted, and a total osteotomy was performed on the left tibia in all animals. They were euthanized 1 and 8 weeks post-osteotomy. RESULTS: The administration of Ral during periestropause worsened the biochemical and oxidative profile, decreased gene expression of markers related to bone resorption and remodeling, which negatively affected the physicochemical properties; this lead to changes in the bone callus microarchitecture and mass, as well as a decrease in callus resistance to torsional deformation, resulting in lower tissue quality during bone healing. In contrast, ST performed prior to the osteotomy resulted in better bone healing, improvement of the biochemical and oxidative profile, alteration of the genetic profile in favor of bone formation and resorption, as well as the physic-ochemical properties of the callus. These changes led to better microarchitecture and bone mass and increased callus resistance to torsional deformation, confirming its beneficial effect on the quality of bone tissue, providing acceleration of bone consolidation. The combination of therapies at this exercise intensity and drug dosage showed a negative interaction, where the negative effect of Ral overcame the positive effect of ST, leading to decreased tissue quality in the bone healing process. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that in addition to excellent non-pharmacological therapy and action in the prevention of osteoporosis, ST performed during the aging period may increase bone quality at the onset of healing and provide improved bone consolidation. Furthermore, the anti-osteoclastogenic effect of Ral shown in this model delayed the bone repair process, resulting in considerable clinical concern.

7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104600, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether subgingival irrigation with 0.12 % or 0.2 % chlorhexidine (CHX) immediately after scaling and root planing (SRP) enhances periodontal tissue repair compared to irrigation with saline solution (control). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Periodontitis was ligature-induced in rat molars for 7 days. Animals were distributed into three groups: 1) SRP group, SRP and irrigation with 0.9 % saline (n = 30); 2) SRP + 0.12 % CHX group, SRP and irrigation with 0.12 % CHX (n = 30); 3) SRP + 0.2 % CHX group, SRP and irrigation with 0.2 % CHX (n = 30). Animals were killed at 7, 15, and 30 days after treatment. Furcation region was histometrically analyzed to determine the bone area. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). RESULTS: Both chlorhexidine groups presented less inflammation and improved tissue repair along the entire experiment when compared with the SRP group. In the histometric analysis at 7, 15 and 30 days, SRP group (4.58 ±â€¯2.51 mm2, 4.21 ±â€¯1.25 mm2, 3.49 ±â€¯1.48 mm2), showed statistically less bone area than groups SRP + 0.12 % CHX (1.86 ±â€¯1.11 mm2; 0.79 ±â€¯0.27 mm2; 0.34 ±â€¯0.14 mm2) and SRP + 0.2 % CHX (1.14 ±â€¯0.51 mm2; 0.98 ±â€¯0.40 mm2; 0.41 ±â€¯0.21 mm2). Both chlorhexidine concentrations modulated the expression of TRAP, RANKL and OPG. CONCLUSIONS: Subgingival irrigation with chlorhexidine contributed for a quicker shift from a proinflammatory destructive profile to healing of periodontal tissues.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Raspagem Dentária , Desinfetantes , Periodontite , Aplainamento Radicular , Animais , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Desinfetantes/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/terapia , Ratos
8.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 108(3): 663-673, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106523

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate in vitro and in vivo the influence of hyperglycemic condition on biocompatibility and biomineralization of gray mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) and white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA). For the in vitro study, fibroblast-like cells L929 were cultured under high or normal glucose concentration to investigate the effects of both MTA's on cell proliferation and inflammatory cytokines production IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. For the in vivo study, polyethylene tubes containing MTA materials and empty tubes were implanted into dorsal connective tissues of Wistar rats previously assigned normal and hyperglycemic. After 7 and 30 days, the tubes with surrounding tissues were removed and subjected to histological, fluorescence and immunohistochemical analyzes of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. In vitro study showed that, under high glucose condition, GMTA reduced cell proliferation and IL-6 production compared with WMTA. Moreover, in vivo study revealed that hyperglycemic condition did not modify the inflammatory response and cytokines production in the tissue close to both materials. Independently of hyperglycemic status, mineralized areas were observed with both materials, but the fluorescence intensity of WMTA was diminished on 14 days in hyperglycemic animals. It is possible to conclude that GMTA was able to inhibit the proliferation rate and IL-6 production under high glucose concentration in vitro. Furthermore, cytokines production and inflammatory response were not upregulated in hyperglycemic animals; however, a decrease in the calcium deposition was observed in presence of WMTA, suggesting a delay in the mineralization process.

9.
Dent Traumatol ; 36(3): 264-271, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Anti-allergic drugs can inhibit the hard tissue resorption process, and due to similarities between root resorption and bone mechanisms, it can be inferred that these drugs may also control root resorption. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of anti-allergic drugs used systemically on the process of root resorption following delayed tooth replantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two maxillary right incisors of rats were extracted and subsequently replanted. Rats were divided into four groups according to the anti-allergic drug administered: the rats in groups DEX, Q, and MO were treated systemically with dexamethasone phosphate, quercetin, and montelukast, respectively, and no systemic medication was administered to rats in group C. After 60 days, the animals were euthanized, and the specimens were processed for histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses. Statistical significance was set at P < .05. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of inflammatory resorption, replacement resorption, or presence of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. In terms of events occurring in the periodontal ligament space, there was a difference between groups Q and MO due to the presence of dental ankylosis and inflammatory connective tissue (P < .05). A difference in inflammatory cells was also observed through CD45 immunolabeling between the DEX and Q groups when compared to the C group (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The systemic administration of anti-allergic drugs did not have an effect on the process of root resorption following delayed tooth replantation.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15316, 2019 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653893

RESUMO

Doxycycline, a member of the tetracycline family, is a drug used as an antibiotic (dosage of 100 mg/day) and as an anti-inflammatory drug on the dosage of 20 mg twice a day, this use has Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP) inhibitor action. Doxycycline is a calcium chelator and therefore interferes in bone remodeling. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the action of the drug doxycycline in the control of osteopenia. Sixty three Wistars rats were divided into 9 groups with n = 7 each, as follow: the control group with doxycycline 10 mg/kg/day (C10), control with doxycycline 30 mg/kg/day (C30) and control (C), ovariectomized group with doxycycline 10 mg/kg/day (OVX10), ovariectomized with doxycycline 30 mg/kg/day (OVX30), and ovariectomized with water (OVX), sedentary group with 10 mg/kg/day (Se10), sedentary with doxycycline 30 mg/kg/day (Se30), and sedentary group with water (Se). Left femoral bone was used for bone densitometry, right femoral bone for histological analysis. The right tibia was intended for chemical quantifications, the total serum was used for cholesterol and calcium quantification. The length of the left femoral bone was measured after the densitometry analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using multivariate general linear model (ANOVA two factors with Bonferroni adjustment) and the TRAP analysis was subjected to normality test and then were subjected to nonparametric test, both with p < 0.05 significance. Statistically significant differences were found, with better results for the groups exposed to the medication (10 and 30 mg/kg/day): Se vs. Se10 and Se vs. Se30 for BMC, quantification of magnesium, amount of cancellous bone in the distal portion; OVX vs. OVX10 for BMC, BMD and calcium in serum; OVX vs. OVX10 and OVX30 for quantification in proximal and distal portion of cancellous bone; Se vs. Se30 and OVX vs. OVX30 for immunostaining for TRAP, all results with minimum of p ≤ 0.05. Doxycycline had a deleterious effect on control groups and positive action for bone organization on female rats affected by bilateral ovariectomy-induced osteopenia and sedentary lifestyle.

11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 108: 104538, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476521

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effect of different alcohol concentrations on the development of apical periodontitis (AP) in rats. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were arranged into five groups: (C) - control rats receiving sterile water as the only liquid; (G5) - animals receiving an alcohol solution at 5%, (G10) - alcohol solution at 10%, (G15) - alcohol solution at 15%, and (G20) - alcohol solution at 20%. The alcoholic solution or water was given to the groups as the sole source of hydration throughout the 30 days of the experiment. AP was induced in the mandibular molars on the first day. In the end, the animals were euthanized for histopathological and IL-1b, RANKL, OPG, and TRAP analyses. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for nonparametric data, and ANOVA followed by the Tukey test were performed for parametric data, p < 0.05. RESULTS: G15 and G20 had a greater chronic inflammatory infiltrate (Score 3) and AP size bigger (1.59 ±â€¯0.41 and 1.83 ±â€¯0.38, respectively) than the C, G5 and G10 (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found in the IL-1b analyses. The G15 and G20 showed the highest immunolabeling pattern for RANKL and the lowest for OPG. The G20 had greater TRAP cells per mm (4.70 ±â€¯0.99) compared to the C, G5, and G10 (p < 0.05). Furthermore, G15 presented 3.92 ±â€¯0.64 TRAP cells/mm, higher than C (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: G5 and G10 did not exert a protective or aggravating effect on the AP development. However, G15 and G20 had a significant effect on the AP severity, exacerbating the inflammation and osteoclast markers.


Assuntos
Etanol , Periodontite Periapical , Solventes , Animais , Etanol/farmacologia , Inflamação , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Solventes/farmacologia
12.
Front Neurosci ; 13: 655, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316338

RESUMO

Teneurins are type II transmembrane proteins comprised of four phylogenetically conserved homologs (Ten-1-4) that are highly expressed during neurogenesis. An additional bioactive peptide named teneurin C-terminal-associated peptide (TCAP-1-4) is present at the carboxyl terminal of teneurins. The possible correlation between the Ten/TCAP system and brain injuries has not been explored yet. Thus, this study examined the expression of these proteins in the cerebral cortex after mechanical brain injury. Adult rats were subjected to cerebral cortex injury by needle-insertion lesion and sacrificed at various time points. This was followed by analysis of the lesion area by immunohistochemistry and conventional RT-PCR techniques. Control animals (no brain injury) showed only discrete Ten-2-like immunoreactive pyramidal neurons in the cerebral cortex. In contrast, Ten-2 immunoreactivity was significantly up-regulated in the reactive astrocytes in all brain-injured groups (p < 0.0001) when compared to the control group. Interestingly, reactive astrocytes also showed intense immunoreactivity to LPHN-1, an endogenous receptor for the Ten-2 splice variant named Lasso. Semi-quantitative analysis of Ten-2 and TCAP-2 expression revealed significant increases of both at 48 h, 3 days and 5 days (p < 0.0001) after brain injury compared to the remaining groups. Immortalized cerebellar astrocytes were also evaluated for Ten/TCAP expression and intracellular calcium signaling by fluorescence microscopy after TCAP-1 treatment. Immortalized astrocytes expressed additional Ten/TCAP homologs and exhibited significant increases in intracellular calcium concentrations after TCAP-1 treatment. This study is the first to demonstrate that Ten-2/TCAP-2 and LPHN-1 are upregulated in reactive astrocytes after a mechanical brain injury. Immortalized cerebellar astrocytes expressed Ten/TCAP homologs and TCAP-1 treatment stimulated intracellular calcium signaling. These findings disclose a new functional role of the Ten/TCAP system in astrocytes during tissue repair of the CNS.

13.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 30(10): 962-976, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the healing of critical size defects (CSDs) in calvaria of rats with osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy and treated with leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) associated or not with bovine bone graft (XENO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 32 rats underwent a bilateral ovariectomy procedure. After 3 months, one 5 mm in diameter CSD was created in the middle of the calvaria of each animal. In group C, defect was filled with blood clot only. In PRF, XENO, and PRF-XENO groups, defects were filled with 0.1 ml of L-PRF, 0.1 ml of XENO, and a mixture of 0.1 ml of L-PRF plus 0.1 ml of XENO, respectively. L-PRF compressed clots were used to cover the defects in PRF and PRF-XENO groups. Animals were submitted to euthanasia at 30 postoperative days. Histomorphometric, microtomographic, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. RESULTS: PRF-XENO group presented greater amount of neoformed bone (NB) when compared with XENO group, as well as higher expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), osteocalcin (OCN), and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2/4) (p < .05). PRF group presented increased amount of NB and higher expression of VEGF, OCN, BMP-2/4, and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2) when compared with group C (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: (a) The isolated use of L-PRF clot can improve bone neoformation in CSDs in rats with osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy, but seems to lead to decreased amount of bone neoformation when compared to the isolated use of XENO; (b) L-PRF potentiates the healing of XENO in rats with osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Animais , Transplante Ósseo , Bovinos , Feminino , Humanos , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
14.
J Endod ; 45(8): 1009-1015, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227229

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory profile of T helper (Th) cells in normoglycemic (N) and diabetic rats with apical periodontitis (AP). METHODS: Twenty male Wistar rats were divided in 2 groups: N rats and rats with diabetes mellitus (DM). DM was induced using streptozotocin, and AP was induced by dental pulp exposure of the first mandibular molar to the oral environment. After 30 days, the mandibles were removed and processed for histologic analysis, bacterial analysis, and immunochemical assays for interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, IL-17, IL-23, interferon gamma, and IL-10. The Mann-Whitney U test and Student t test were used for statistical analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: The DM group showed more intense inflammatory infiltrate with larger sizes of bone reabsorption and a greater presence of bacteria than the N group (P < .05). Proinflammatory cytokine levels in the DM group were also greater than those in the N group (P < .05). However, interferon gamma was more intense in the N group than in the DM group (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The inflammatory profile of AP in DM is different from that in the N group, suggesting that Th1 is a secondary strain and the Th17 strain is predominant in DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Periodontite Periapical , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Células Th1 , Células Th17 , Células Th2 , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Periodontite Periapical/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0214173, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199812

RESUMO

Treatment with cumulative dosages of zoledronic acid (ZA) in elderly patients is a risk factor for the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ), mainly related to surgical triggers such as tooth extraction. However, animal models for the investigation and understanding of MRONJ pathophysiology in senescent and postmenopausal stages remains to be developed and characterized. The aim of this study was to analyze MRONJ development in senescent female mice treated with cumulative dosages of ZA. For this purpose, twenty 129/Sv female mice, 64 weeks old, were treated with 0.9% saline solution as control group (n = 10), and with ZA at 250µg/Kg (n = 10), once a week, starting 4 weeks before the upper right incisor extraction and until the end of the experimental time points (7 days and 21 days). At 7 and 21 days post-surgery, specimens were harvested for microCT, histological, birefringence and immunohistochemical analysis. Clinically, an incomplete epithelialization was observed in ZA group at 7 days and a delayed bone matrix mineralization and collagen maturation at 7 and 21 days compared to the controls. Controls revealed sockets filled with mature bone at 21 days as observed by microCT and birefringence, while ZA group presented delayed bone deposition at 7 and 21 days, as well increased leukocyte infiltration and blood clot at 7 days, and increased bone sequestrum and empty osteocyte lacunae at 21 days (p<0.05). Also, ZA group presented decreased quantity of TGFb+ and Runx-2+ cells at 7 days, and decreased quantity of TRAP+ osteoclasts compared to the control at 21 days (p<0.05). Altogether, these data demonstrate the usefulness of this model to understanding the pathophysiology of MRONJ.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/diagnóstico por imagem , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos , Animais , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/metabolismo , Calcificação Fisiológica , Colágeno/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
16.
Bone ; 127: 59-66, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121356

RESUMO

This study evaluated the participation of CB1 and CB2 receptors in the antiresorptive effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on an experimental model of inflammatory bone loss in rats. 30 rats were divided into five groups: C (control); EP (experimental periodontitis); EA (C+ EA); EP-EA (EP+ EA in the acupoints LI4, LG11, ST36, ST44); EP - EA-sham (EP+ EA in sham acupoints). For the EP groups, a ligature was placed around the right mandibular first molars at day 1. Sessions of EA or EA-sham were assigned every other day. Animals were euthanized at day 11. Histometric analysis was performed to evaluate the percentage of bone area in the furcation area. Immunolabeling patterns in the periodontal tissues and immunofluorescent staining in the trigeminal ganglia and in the trigeminal spinal tract for CB1 and CB2 receptors were performed. It was observed increased bone loss in the furcation in the EP and EP-EA-sham groups, in comparison to the other groups (p < 0.05). Enhanced CB2 immunolabeling was observed in the periodontal tissues in the EP-EA group, when compared to the EP and EP-EA-sham groups (p < 0.05). Increased CB1 immunofluorescent staining was observed in the neural tissues in the EA treated group in comparison with the other groups (p < 0.05), while no expression of CB2 was observed in those regions. Our study showed that in the presence of inflammatory bone disease, EA treatment reduced bone erosion and increased the immunoexpression of CB1 in the neural tissues and CB2 in the periodontal tissues.

17.
Arch Oral Biol ; 102: 65-73, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974379

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated the effects of topical green tea extract solution (GTE) as adjuvant therapy to mechanical debridement for the treatment of experimental periodontitis (EP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used 120 male rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus - Wistar), divided into the following four groups: NEP (sham) (n = 30): no experimental periodontitis (NEP), only simulation of EP by installation and removal of a ligature; EP (n = 30): EP induction by ligature; SRP (n = 30): EP, scaling and root planing (SRP), and irrigation with physiological saline solution; SRP/GT (n = 30): EP, SRP, and irrigation with GTE. Histologic analysis and immunohistochemistry were performed for detection of interleukin (IL)1ß, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-10, and anti-tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in the furcation area. The percentage of bone in the furcation (PBF) was considered the primary variable and evaluated at 14, 22, and 37 days. The data from the histological analysis and the IL- 1B, TNF- A, and IL-10 were submitted to a Kruskal-Wallis variance test and Dunn's posttest (p ≤ 0.05). The histometric data and TRAP were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's posttest (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: The SRP/GT group showed lower inflammatory process, lower immunolabeling pattern of IL-1ß and TNF-α, and greater immunolabeling pattern of IL-10 compared with the EP and SRP groups at 22 days. Fewer TRAP-positive multinucleated osteoclasts were observed in all periods in the SRP/GT group (5.22 ± 0.65; 7.33 ± 0.80; 8.55 ± 1.15) compared with the SRP group (30.67 ± 8.55; 13.22 ± 0.77; 13.87 ± 0.77). Higher PBF was observed in all periods in the SRP/GT group (74.65 ± 7.14; 76.61 ± 5.36; 79.24 ± 3.75) compared with the SRP group (61.60 ± 9.48; 54.84 ± 9.06; 53.25 ± 9.66). CONCLUSION: GTE adjuvant to SRP reduced inflammation, osteoclastic activity, and alveolar bone loss in EP.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Periodontite , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Raspagem Dentária , Masculino , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Aplainamento Radicular , Chá
18.
J Clin Periodontol ; 46(4): 457-469, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854670

RESUMO

AIM: This study evaluated the effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CIS) in healthy periodontal tissues and in the early stages of experimental periodontitis (EP) in rats. METHODS: One hundred and eighty male rats were divided into three groups, which were submitted to the following systemic treatments: physiological saline solution (PSS); CIS and 5FU. Each group was subdivided into two subgroups: without (NEP) and with (EP) induction of EP. Animals were euthanized at 3, 5 and 7 days post-treatment. Histological, histometric (percentage of bone in the furcation [PBF]) and immunohistochemical (for tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand) analyses were performed. Data were statistically analysed. RESULTS: CIS-NEP and 5FU-NEP showed more inflammation than PSS-NEP at 3, 5 and 7 days. CIS-EP and 5FU-EP showed more inflammation and lower PBF than PSS-EP at all periods of evaluation. 5FU-EP showed lower PBF than CIS-EP at 5 and 7 days. CONCLUSION: 5-FU and CIS exacerbated periodontal inflammation and aggravated the progression of EP in its early stages.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Antineoplásicos , Periodontite , Animais , Inflamação , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Angle Orthod ; 89(5): 788-796, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between pain and tissue reactions during induced tooth movement (ITM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two male Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus; ∼90 days of age, 300 g) were used. The animals were divided into seven groups of six rats each: one control group and six experimental groups subjected to ITM by continuous force (CF) or interrupted continuous force (ICF) for 1, 3, and 5 days. Hyalinization of the periodontal ligament (PL) and occurrence of pain were observed. Animal behavior (walking, climbing, immobile posture, resting/sleeping, and directed face grooming) and the presence of chemical mediators associated with nociception, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) in the PL were analyzed. RESULTS: There was a moderate positive correlation between hyalinization and the presence of COX-2 (rs = 0.404; P < .05) and IL-1ß (rs = 0.429; P < .05). There was a moderate negative correlation between hyalinization and exploratory behaviors (walking, r = -0.586, P < .01; climbing, r = -0.573, P < .01), and a moderate positive correlation between hyalinization and resting/sleeping (r = 0.467; P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest a correlation between pain and undesirable tissue reactions in ITM.


Assuntos
Dor , Ligamento Periodontal , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Masculino , Nociceptividade , Dor/etiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos
20.
J Periodontol ; 90(8): 884-893, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal periodontal disease leads to low birth weight (LBW), insulin resistance (IR), increased TNF-α levels, and alterations in insulin signaling in adult offspring. TNF-α has been associated with the stimulation of IKKß/NF-κB, resulting in the decreased expression of GLUT4. Another mechanism that may be involved in decreasing GLUT4 expression is DNA methylation. This study aimed to evaluate in the adult offspring of rats with periodontal disease: IR, inflammatory pathways, DNA methylation, and expression of GLUT4. METHODS: Female Wistar rats were distributed into control and experimental periodontal disease groups. Seven days after induction of periodontal disease, both groups were mated with healthy male rats. After weaning, male offspring were distributed into control offspring (CN-o) and periodontal disease offspring (PED-o) groups. Body weights were measured from 0-75 days of age. At day 75, the following were measured in the offspring: IR (HOMA-IR index); TNF-α and NF-κBp65 content in the gastrocnemius muscle (GM) by western blotting; IKKα/ß, JNK, ERK 1/2, NF-κBp65, and NF-κBp50 phosphorylation status in the GM by western blotting; DNA methylation by restriction digest and real-time PCR(qAMP); and expression of GLUT4 mRNA in the GM by real-time PCR. RESULTS: LBW, IR, increases in TNF-α, IKKα/ß, ERK 1/2, NF-κBp65, and NF-κBp50 decreased expression of GLUT4 mRNA were observed in the PED-o rats. No differences were identified in JNK phosphorylation status and DNA methylation in the evaluated regions of the GLUT4-encoding gene Slc2a4. CONCLUSION: Maternal periodontal disease causes LBW, IR, activation of inflammatory pathways, and decreased GLUT4 expression in the GM of adult offspring.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Periodontite , Crianças Adultas , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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