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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 362: 59-67, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel angiography-derived index aimed to assess the functional relevance of coronary stenoses without pressure wires and adenosine. Good diagnostic yield with the hyperemic fractional flow reserve (FFR) have been reported, while data on the comparison of QFR to non-hyperemic pressure ratios (NHPR) are scarce. METHODS: In this retrospective, observational and single-center study with a large population representative of the real practice, we assessed and compared the diagnostic performance of contrast flow (cQFR) and fixed flow (fQFR) QFR against the NHPR resting full-cyle ratio (RFR) using FFR as reference standard. RESULTS: A total of 626 lesions from 544 patients were investigated. Mean diameter stenosis, FFR, cQFR, fQFR and RFR were 44.8%, 0.842, 0.847, 0.857 and 0.912, respectively. The correlation between cQFR and FFR was stronger (r = 0.830, P < 0.001) compared to that between FFR and RFR (r = 0.777, P < 0.001) and between cQFR and RFR (r = 0.687, P < 0.001). Using FFR ≤0.80 as reference, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall diagnostic accuracy for cQFR were 82%, 95%, 87%, 92%, and 91%, respectively. cQFR displayed a higher area under the curve (AUC) than fQFR and RFR (0.938 vs. 0.891 vs. 0.869, P < 0.01). The good diagnostic yield of cQFR appeared to be maintained in different clinical subsets including female gender, aortic valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation, and in different anatomical subsets including focal and non-focal lesions. CONCLUSION: cQFR has a high and better diagnostic performance than the NHPR RFR in predicting FFR-based functional significance of coronary stenoses.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Hiperemia , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
2.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35691552

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Transfemoral access is the most frequently used vascular approach in chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary interventions (CTO-PCI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a transradial access CTO-PCI program and its impact on angiographic and clinical results and length of hospital stay. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter cohort study including 2550 consecutive CTO-PCI procedures included in a multicenter registry with accurate information on vascular access. A total of 896 procedures were performed as radial-only access while 1654 were performed through at least 1 femoral puncture. Clinical and angiographic data were collected. RESULTS: The mean age was 66.3 ± 11.4 years. The mean Japan-chronic total occlusion score (2.7 ± 0.3) was similar in the 2 groups. Successful revascularization was achieved in 2009 (79.6%) cases, 78.2% and 82.1% in the femoral and radial access cohorts, respectively (P = .002). Periprocedural in-hospital complications were observed in 5.1% and 2.3% (P = .02), with fewer access site-dependant vascular complications in the transradial cohort (2.3% vs 0.2%; P = .009). The mean length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the transradial access group (0.89 ± 1.4 vs 2.2 ± 3.2 days, P < .001). CONCLUSION: A transradial program for CTO-PCI is safe and effective in most CTO lesions. The transradial strategy has fewer vascular complications and shorter length of hospital stay without compromising the success rate.

3.
EuroIntervention ; 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is an important contributor to angina syndromes. Recently, two distinct endotypes were identified using combined assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and minimal microvascular resistance (MR), termed structural and functional CMD. AIMS: We aimed to assess the relevance of the combined assessment of CFR and MR in patients with angina and no obstructive coronary arteries. METHODS: Patients with chronic coronary syndromes (CCS) and non-obstructive coronary artery disease (fractional flow reserve [FFR] ≥0.80) were selected (N=1,102). Functional CMD was defined as abnormal CFR in combination with normal MR and structural CMD as abnormal CFR with abnormal MR. Clinical endpoints were the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and target vessel failure (TVF) at 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: Abnormal CFR was associated with an increased risk of MACE and TVF at 5-year follow-up. Microvascular resistance parameters were not associated with MACE or TVF at 5-year follow-up. The risk of MACE and TVF at 5-year follow-up was similarly increased for patients with structural or functional CMD compared with patients with normal microvascular function. There were no differences between both endotypes (p=0.88 for MACE, and p=0.55 for TVF). CONCLUSIONS: Coronary microvascular dysfunction, identified by an impaired CFR, was unequivocally associated with increased MACE and TVF rates over a 5-year follow-up period. In contrast, impaired MR was not associated with 5-year adverse clinical events. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the risk of MACE and TVF between a low CFR accompanied by pathologically increased MR (structural CMD) or not (functional CMD). CLINICALTRIALS: gov: NCT04485234.

4.
J Pers Med ; 12(6)2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35743777

RESUMO

Stratifying prognosis following coronary bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an unmet clinical need that may be fulfilled through the adoption of machine learning (ML) algorithms to refine outcome predictions. We sought to develop an ML-based risk stratification model built on clinical, anatomical, and procedural features to predict all-cause mortality following contemporary bifurcation PCI. Multiple ML models to predict all-cause mortality were tested on a cohort of 2393 patients (training, n = 1795; internal validation, n = 598) undergoing bifurcation PCI with contemporary stents from the real-world RAIN registry. Twenty-five commonly available patient-/lesion-related features were selected to train ML models. The best model was validated in an external cohort of 1701 patients undergoing bifurcation PCI from the DUTCH PEERS and BIO-RESORT trial cohorts. At ROC curves, the AUC for the prediction of 2-year mortality was 0.79 (0.74-0.83) in the overall population, 0.74 (0.62-0.85) at internal validation and 0.71 (0.62-0.79) at external validation. Performance at risk ranking analysis, k-center cross-validation, and continual learning confirmed the generalizability of the models, also available as an online interface. The RAIN-ML prediction model represents the first tool combining clinical, anatomical, and procedural features to predict all-cause mortality among patients undergoing contemporary bifurcation PCI with reliable performance.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686523

RESUMO

AIM: The impact of Grade III coronary perforations (G3-CP) in the setting of CTO-PCI is not well assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed 7773 CTO-PCI and 98,819 non CTO-PCI performed in 10 European centers: G3 perforation occurred in 87 patients (1.1%) during CTO PCI and 224 patients (0.22%) during non CTO-PCI (p < 0.001). G3-CP involved the CTO segment in 68% of patients and the retrograde channels in 14% of cases. In the CTO PCI group, wire induced G3-CP (50.5% vs. 32.5%, p = 0.02) occurred predominantly when dedicated CTO tapered and highly penetrative wires were used. Intra-procedural and in-hospital death rates were 4.6% vs. 5.8% and 3.6% vs. 7.5% respectively for CTO PCI and non-CTO PCI groups (p = NS). At a median follow up of 24 months, the overall mortality and MAE were respectively 7.8% and MAE 19% without difference among groups. CONCLUSIONS: We showed similar in-hospital and long-term outcomes when G3 perforations occurred during CTO PCI and non CTO-PCI.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 362: 128-136, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High degree cardiac conduction disturbances (HDCD) remain a major complication after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), especially with self-expandable valves (SEV). Our aim was to investigate peri-procedural and in-hospital modification of atrioventricular and intracardiac conduction associated to new generation SEV implantation, and the development of new HDCD resulting in permanent pacemaker implantation (PPM) in patients undergoing TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three-hundred forty-four consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR with a new generation SEV [Evolut-R/Pro (n = 130), Acurate-neo (n = 79), Portico (n = 75) and Allegra (n = 60)] were included. An analysis of baseline, post-TAVR and pre-discharge ECG and procedural aspects were centrally performed. A significant increase in baseline PR interval (169.6 ± 28.2 ms) and QRS complex width (101.7 ± 25.9 ms) was noted immediately post-TAVR (188.04 ± 34.49; 129.55 ± 30.02 ms), with a partial in-hospital reversal (179.4 ± 30.1; 123.06 ± 30.94 ms), resulting in a net increase at hospital discharge of 12.6 ± 38.8 ms and 21.4 ± 31.6 ms (p < 0.001), respectively. The global incidence of new onset persistent HDCD at hospital discharge was 46.3%, with 17.7% of patients requiring PPM. Independent predictors of new onset HCDC at hospital discharge were valve recapture (OR: 2.8; 95% IC: 1.1-7.2, p = 0.033) and implantation depth ≥ 6 mm (OR: 1.9 05% IC 1.1-3.3, p = 0.015), while higher implantation (<3 mm (OR: 0.3, 95% IC 0.1-0.7, p = 0.014) and use of Acurate-Neo valve (OR: 0.4; 95% IC 0.2-0.8, p = 0.009) were protective factor. CONCLUSIONS: New generation self-expanding aortic valves were associated with a significant increase in PR and QRS interval at hospital discharge leading to a very high rate of HDCD. While valve recapture and implantation depth were independent predictors for the occurrence of HDCD, use of Accurate-Neo valve was a protective factor.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença do Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Doença do Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/epidemiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(6): e011948, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary pressure indices such as fractional flow reserve are the standard for guiding elective revascularization. However, considering additional coronary flow parameters could further individualize and optimize the decision on revascularization. We aimed to investigate the potentially differential prognostic associations of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to coronary flow properties represented by coronary flow reserve (CFR), coronary flow capacity (CFC), and baseline CFC (bCFC). METHODS: From the ILIAS Registry (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes) composed of 16 hospitals globally from 7 countries, patients with obstructive coronary artery disease who underwent invasive coronary physiological assessment were included (N=2370 vessels). We assessed effect measure modifications of the association of PCI and 5-year target vessel failure according to CFR, CFC, and bCFC either assessed by Doppler-technique or thermodilution-method. RESULTS: The mean age of the population was 63.3 years, and there were 1322 (73.6%) males. Median fractional flow reserve was 0.85, and PCI was performed in 600 (25.3%) vessels. Reduced CFR, CFC, and abnormal bCFC were defined in 988 (41.7%), 542 (22.9%), and 600 (25.3%) vessels, respectively. Significant effect measure modifications were observed by CFC either in odds ratio (P=0.0018), additive (P=0.029), and hazard ratio scale (P=0.0002). The absolute risk of 5-year target-vessel failure was higher if treated by PCI in vessels with normal CFC by 1.8 (-1.7 to 5.3) percent, while that was lower by -5.9 (-12 to -0.1) percent in those with reduced CFC. CFR and bCFC were not significant effect modifiers in any scales. Similar associations were observed in per-patient analyses, whereas the findings were less robust. CONCLUSIONS: We observed qualitative effect measure modification of PCI and 5-year clinical outcomes according to CFC status in additive scale. CFR and bCFC were not robust effect modifiers. Therefore, CFC could be potentially used to optimize the patient selection for elective PCI treatment combined with fractional flow reserve.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35618991

RESUMO

Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a prevalent cause of ischemic heart disease and is associated with poorer quality of life and worse patient outcomes. Both functional and structural abnormalities of the microcirculation can generate ischemia in the absence of epicardial stenosis or worsen concomitant obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). The invasive assessment of CMD allows for the evaluation of the entirety of the coronary vascular tree, from the large epicardial vessels to the microcirculation, and enables the study of vasomotor function through vasoreactivity testing. The standard evaluation of CMD includes vasomotor assessment with acetylcholine, as well as flow- and resistance-derived indices calculated with either thermodilution or Doppler guidewires. Tailored treatment based upon the information gathered from the invasive evaluation of CMD has been demonstrated to reduce the burden of angina; therefore, a thorough understanding of these procedures is warranted with the aim of improving the quality of life of the patient. This review summarizes the most widespread approaches for the invasive evaluation of CMD, with a focus on patients with ischemia and non-obstructive CAD.

10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(10): e024172, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574948

RESUMO

Background Intramyocardial edema and hemorrhage are key pathological mechanisms in the development of reperfusion-related microvascular damage in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. These processes may be facilitated by abrupt restoration of intracoronary pressure and flow triggered by primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We investigated whether pressure-controlled reperfusion via gradual reopening of the infarct-related artery may limit microvascular injury in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and Results A total of 83 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction were assessed for eligibility and 53 who did not meet inclusion criteria were excluded. The remaining 30 patients with totally occluded infarct-related artery were randomized to the pressure-controlled reperfusion with delayed stenting (PCRDS) group (n=15) or standard primary percutaneous coronary intervention with immediate stenting (IS) group (n=15) (intention-to-treat population). Data from 5 patients in each arm were unsuitable to be included in the final analysis. Finally, 20 patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention who were randomly assigned to either IS (n=10) or PCRDS (n=10) were included. In the PCRDS arm, a 1.5-mm balloon was used to achieve initial reperfusion with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade 3 flow and, subsequently, to control distal intracoronary pressure over a 30-minute monitoring period (MP) until stenting was performed. In both study groups, continuous assessment of coronary hemodynamics with intracoronary pressure and Doppler flow velocity was performed, with a final measurement of zero flow pressure (primary end point of the study) at the end of a 60-minute MP. There were no complications associated with IS or PCRDS. PCRDS effectively led to lower distal intracoronary pressures than IS over 30 minutes after reperfusion (71.2±9.37 mm Hg versus 90.13±12.09 mm Hg, P=0.001). Significant differences were noted between study arms in the microcirculatory response over MP. Microvascular perfusion progressively deteriorated in the IS group and at the end of MP, and hyperemic microvascular resistance was significantly higher in the IS arm as compared with the PCDRS arm (2.83±0.56 mm Hg.s.cm-1 versus 1.83±0.53 mm Hg.s.cm-1, P=0.001). The primary end point (zero flow pressure) was significantly lower in the PCRDS group than in the IS group (41.46±17.85 mm Hg versus 76.87±21.34 mm Hg, P=0.001). In the whole study group (n=20), reperfusion pressures measured at predefined stages in the early reperfusion period showed robust associations with zero flow pressure values measured at the end of the 1-hour MP (immediately after reperfusion: r=0.782, P<0.001; at the 10th minute: r=0.796, P<0.001; and at the 20th minute: r=0.702, P=0.001) and peak creatine kinase MB level (immediately after reperfusion: r=0.653, P=0.002; at the 10th minute: r=0.597, P=0.007; and at the 20th minute: r=0.538, P=0.017). Enzymatic myocardial infarction size was lower in the PCRDS group than in the IS group with peak troponin T (5395±2991 ng/mL versus 8874±1927 ng/mL, P=0.006) and creatine kinase MB (163.6±93.4 IU/L versus 542.2±227.4 IU/L, P<0.001). Conclusions In patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, pressure-controlled reperfusion of the culprit vessel by means of gradual reopening of the occluded infarct-related artery (PCRDS) led to better-preserved coronary microvascular integrity and smaller myocardial infarction size, without an increase in procedural complications, compared with IS. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02732080.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Creatina Quinase Forma MB , Humanos , Microcirculação , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Reperfusão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(10): 1047-1056, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the clinical implications of combined assessment of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR). BACKGROUND: Combined assessment of FFR and CFR allows detailed characterization of pathophysiology in chronic coronary syndromes. Data on the clinical implications of distinct FFR and CFR patterns are limited, leading to uncertainty regarding their relevance. METHODS: Patients with chronic coronary syndromes and obstructive coronary artery disease were selected from the multicenter ILIAS (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes) registry. Patients were classified into 4 groups on the basis of FFR ≤0.80 and CFR <2.0. The endpoint was the 5-year target vessel failure (TVF) rate. RESULTS: A total of 2,143 patients with 2,725 lesions were included. Compared with normal FFR/normal CFR, low FFR/low CFR carried the highest risk for TVF (HR: 5.4; 95% CI: 3.2-9.3; P < 0.001), significantly higher than in revascularized vessels (P = 0.007). Discordance, with either low FFR/normal CFR or normal FFR/low CFR, was associated with increased TVF rates compared with normal FFR/normal CFR (low FFR/normal CFR: HR: 3.5 [95% CI: 2.2-5.4; P < 0.001]; normal FFR/low CFR: HR: 3.0 [95% CI: 1.9-4.7; P < 0.001]). No difference in 5-year TVF was observed between the 2 discordant groups (P = 0.57) or between the discordant groups and the revascularized group (P = 0.26 vs low FFR/normal CFR; P = 0.60 vs normal FFR/low CFR). CONCLUSIONS: Impaired coronary hemodynamics are uniformly associated with increased 5-year TVF rates. Nonrevascularized vessels with discordant FFR and CFR are associated with 5-year event rates that are equivalent to those of vessels that undergo revascularization, whereas vessels with combined low FFR and CFR exhibit event rates that are significantly higher than after revascularization. (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes Registry [ILIAS Registry]; NCT04485234).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Clin Med ; 11(10)2022 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35629048

RESUMO

Mitral valve disease, and in particular mitral regurgitation, is a common clinical entity. Until recently, surgical repair and replacement were the only therapeutic options available, leaving many patients untreated mostly due to excessive surgical risk. Over the last number of years, huge strides have been made regarding percutaneous, catheter-based solutions for mitral valve disease. Transcatheter repair procedures have most commonly been used, and in recent years there has been exponential growth in the number of devices available for transcatheter mitral valve replacement. Furthermore, the evolution of these devices has resulted in both smaller delivery systems and a shift towards transeptal access, negating the need for surgical incisions. In line with these advancements, and clinical trials demonstrating promising outcomes in carefully selected cases, recent guidelines have strengthened their recommendations for these devices. It is appropriate, therefore, to now review the current transcatheter repair and replacement devices available and the evidence for their use.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary chronic total occlusion lesions (CTOs) confer an increased risk of arrhythmic events among patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) carriers, however the impact of CTO recanalization in this population remains unassessed. AIMS: Evaluate the impact of CTOs percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) on arrhythmic events. METHODS: Patients with ICM and ICD from the VACTO I-II registries: patients with medically treated CTO (CTO-OMT group) and without CTO (no-CTO group) were compared after inverse-probability-weighting adjustment (IPWT) with a similar population of consecutive patients undergoing CTO-PCI. The primary endpoint was appropriate ICD therapy. The secondary endpoint was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: The total of 622 patients (mean age 67 ± 10 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 36 ± 11%) included in the analysis was composed by: CTO-PCI patients n = 113, CTO-OMT patients n = 286, no-CTO patients n = 223. In the CTO-PCI group, compared to the CTO-OMT group, 5-year Kaplan Meier estimates for appropriate ICD therapy (20.4% vs. 56.4%, IPW-adjusted HR: 0.45, 95% CI 0.29-0.71) and mortality (8.8% vs. 23%, IPW-adjusted HR: 0.43, 95% CI 0.22-0.85) were lower, driven by infarct related artery CTO (IRA-CTO) PCI, while similar to those occurring in the no-CTO group. CONCLUSIONS: In this large population, those with CTO receiving PCI had lower arrhythmic event rates and lower mortality compared to the CTO-OMT group, while showing an event rate similar to no-CTO patients. Sensitivity analyses suggest that the beneficial effect on the arrhythmic outcome was driven by IRA-CTO revascularization. CLASSIFICATION: Chronic total occlusion.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(10): 1033-1043, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate comparative prognosis between deferred versus performed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to coronary flow reserve (CFR) values of patients with intermediate fractional flow reserve (FFR). BACKGROUND: For coronary stenosis with intermediate FFR, the prognostic value of PCI remains controversial. The prognostic impact of PCI may be different according to CFR in patients with intermediate FFR. METHODS: From the ILIAS Registry (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes Registry, N = 2,322), 400 patients (412 vessels) with intermediate FFR (0.75-0.80) were selected. Patients were stratified into preserved CFR (>2.0, n = 253) and depressed CFR (≤2.0, n = 147) cohorts. Per-vessel clinical outcomes during 5 years of follow-up were compared between deferred versus performed PCI groups in both cohorts. The primary outcome was target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: Among the study population, PCI was deferred for 210 patients (219 vessels, 53.2%) (deferred group) and performed for 190 patients (193 vessels, 46.8%) (performed group). The risk of TVF was comparable between the deferred and performed groups (12.8% vs 14.2%; adjusted HR: 1.403; 95% CI: 0.584-3.369; P = 0.448). When stratified by CFR, PCI was performed in 39.1% (100/261 vessels) of the preserved CFR cohort and 61.9% (93/151 vessels) of the depressed CFR cohort. Within the preserved CFR cohort, the risk of TVF did not differ significantly between the deferred and performed groups (11.0% vs 13.9%; adjusted HR: 0.770; 95% CI: 0.262-2.266; P = 0.635). However, in the depressed CFR cohort, the deferred group had a significantly higher risk of TVF than the performed group (17.2% vs 14.2%; adjusted HR: 4.932; 95% CI: 1.312-18.53; P = 0.018). A significant interaction was observed between CFR and the treatment decision (interaction P = 0.049). Results were consistent after inverse probability weighting adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with intermediate FFR of 0.75 to 0.80, the prognostic value of PCI differed according to CFR, with a significant interaction. PCI was associated with a lower risk of TVF compared with the deferral strategy when CFR was depressed (≤2.0), but there was no difference when CFR was preserved (>2.0). CFR could be used as an additional risk stratification tool to determine treatment strategies in patients with intermediate FFR. (Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes Registry [ILIAS Registry]; NCT04485234).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e025171, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475358

RESUMO

Background In the absence of obstructive coronary stenoses, abnormality of noninvasive stress tests (NIT) in patients with chronic coronary syndromes may indicate myocardial ischemia of nonobstructive coronary arteries (INOCA). The differential prognosis of INOCA according to the presence of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) and incremental prognostic value of CMD with intracoronary physiologic assessment on top of NIT information remains unknown. Methods and Results From the international multicenter registry of intracoronary physiologic assessment (ILIAS [Inclusive Invasive Physiological Assessment in Angina Syndromes] registry, N=2322), stable patients with NIT and nonobstructive coronary stenoses with fractional flow reserve >0.80 were selected. INOCA was diagnosed when patients showed positive NIT results. CMD was defined as coronary flow reserve ≤2.5. According to the presence of INOCA and CMD, patients were classified into 4 groups: group 1 (no INOCA nor CMD, n=116); group 2 (only CMD, n=90); group 3 (only INOCA, n=41); and group 4 (both INOCA and CMD, n=40). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events, a composite of all-cause death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically driven target vessel revascularization at 5 years. Among 287 patients with nonobstructive coronary stenoses (fractional flow reserve=0.91±0.06), 81 patients (38.2%) were diagnosed with INOCA based on positive NIT. By intracoronary physiologic assessment, 130 patients (45.3%) had CMD. Regardless of the presence of INOCA, patients with CMD showed a significantly lower coronary flow reserve and higher hyperemic microvascular resistance compared with patients without CMD (P<0.001 for all). The cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events at 5 years were 7.4%, 21.3%, 7.7%, and 34.4% in groups 1 to 4. By documenting CMD (groups 2 and 4), intracoronary physiologic assessment identified patients at a significantly higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events at 5 years compared with group 1 (group 2: adjusted hazard ratio [HRadjusted], 2.88; 95% CI, 1.52-7.19; P=0.024; group 4: HRadjusted, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.41-11.35; P=0.009). Conclusions In stable patients with nonobstructive coronary stenoses, a diagnosis of INOCA based only on abnormal NIT did not identify patients with higher risk of long-term cardiovascular events. Incorporating intracoronary physiologic assessment to NIT information in patients with nonobstructive disease allowed identification of patient subgroups with up to 4-fold difference in long-term cardiovascular events. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT04485234.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Isquemia Miocárdica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Isquemia , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Síndrome
17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(8): 834-842, 2022 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify independent predictors of procedural success after retrograde chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Retrograde CTO PCI is an established technique, but predictors of success remain poorly understood. METHODS: A multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze potentially important demographic, clinical, anatomical, and technical aspects of retrograde CTO PCI cases uploaded to the multicenter European CTO (ERCTO) Club Registry. RESULTS: In calendar years 2018 and 2019, 2,364 retrograde CTO PCI cases constituted the primary analysis cohort. A primary retrograde strategy was used in 1,953 cases (82.6%), and an initial antegrade approach was converted to retrograde in 411 cases (17.4%). Procedural success was achieved in 1,820 cases (77.0%) and was more likely to occur after a primary retrograde attempt versus conversion from an initial antegrade approach (80.9% vs 58.4%; P < 0.0001). After multivariable analysis, an absence of lesion calcification (OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.37-2.51; P < 0.0001), a higher degree of distal vessel opacification (OR: 2.47; 95% CI: 1.72-3.55; P < 0.0001), little or no proximal target vessel tortuosity (OR: 1.84; 95% CI: 1.28-2.64; P = 0.001), Werner collateral connection CC1 (OR: 4.87; 95% CI: 2.90-8.19; P < 0.0001) or CC2 (OR: 5.33; 95% CI: 3.02-9.42; P < 0.0001), and the top tertile of operator volume (>120 cases over 2 years) (OR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.26-2.79; P = 0.002) were associated with the greatest chance of achieving angiographic success. CONCLUSIONS: Less calcification with good distal vessel opacification, little or absent proximal vessel tortuosity, and visible collateral connections, along with high-volume operator status, were all independently predictive of angiographically successful retrograde CTO PCI.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35420282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the availability of long drug-eluting stents modify the PCI strategy of long CTO. To describe the contemporary PCI strategy of long chronic total occlusions (CTO) using overlapping (OS) or single long stents (SS) and to analyze its results. METHODS: 2842 consecutive CTO PCIs were included. T hose with an occlusion length ≥20 mm in which ≥ 1 DES was implanted were analyzed. We compared procedural characteristics and clinical outcomes of CTO treated with OS or SS. RESULTS: 1088 CTO PCIs were analyzed (79.9% males; 64.7±10.6 years). Mean J-score was 2.8 ± 0.9. A SS was used in 38.5% of cases and OS in 61.5%. Total stent length was 64.1±29.9 mm; it was higher in the OS group (OS:79.9±25.5 mm vs SS:38.3±14.7 mm; p<0.0001). Mean number of stents in the OS group was 2.3±1. Very long stents (≥40 mm) were used in 27.4% of cases, more frequently in the OS group (OS:32.4% vs SS:19.3%; p<0.0001). After a mean follow-up of 19±15.9 months, the rate of adverse events (MACE) was 2% (cardiac death:1.6%, myocardial infarction:1.6%, target lesion revascularization:1.9% and stent thrombosis: 0.18%) with no significant differences between both groups. Overlapping was not an independent predictor of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: In long CTO PCIs, OS is more frequently used than single stenting, especially in more complex procedures. Clinical outcomes at a mid-term follow-up are favorable. Using newer generation DES, overlapping was not an independent predictor of MACE, however a trend toward a higher event rate was observed in the OS group.

19.
Am J Cardiol ; 172: 18-25, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365291

RESUMO

The association of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) with procedural and long-term outcomes after state-of-the-art percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of bifurcation lesions remains unsettled. A total of 5,333 patients who underwent contemporary coronary bifurcation PCI were included in the intercontinental retrospective combined insights from the unified RAIN (veRy thin stents for patients with left mAIn or bifurcatioN in real life) and COBIS (COronary BIfurcation Stenting) III bifurcation registries. Of 5,003 patients (93.8%) with known baseline LVEF, 244 (4.9%) had LVEF <40% (bifurcation with reduced ejection fraction [BIFrEF] group), 430 (8.6%) had LVEF 40% to 49% (bifurcation with mildly reduced ejection fraction [BIFmEF] group) and 4,329 (86.5%) had ejection fraction (EF) ≥50% (bifurcation with preserved ejection fraction [BIFpEF] group). The primary end point was the Kaplan-Meier estimate of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization). Patients with BIFrEF had a more complex clinical profile and coronary anatomy. No difference in procedural (30 days) MACE was observed across EF categories, also after adjustment for in-study outcome predictors (BIFrEF vs BIFmEF: adjusted hazard ratio [adj-HR] 1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.37 to 5.21, p = 0.626; BIFrEF vs BIFpEF: adj-HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.25 to 2.87, p = 0.883; BIFmEF vs BIFpEF: adj-HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.29 to 2.27, p = 0.683). BIFrEF was independently associated with long-term MACE (median follow-up 21 months, interquartile range 10 to 21 months) than both BIFmEF (adj-HR 2.20, 95% CI 1.41 to 3.41, p <0.001) and BIFpEF (adj-HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.41 to 2.60, p <0.001) groups, although no difference was observed between BIFmEF and BIFpEF groups (adj-HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.24, p = 0.449). In conclusion, in patients who underwent PCI of a coronary bifurcation lesion according to contemporary clinical practice, reduced LVEF (<40%), although a strong predictor of long-term MACEs, does not affect procedural outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(5): e011728, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autopsy studies have established that thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFAs) are the most frequent cause of fatal coronary events. In living patients, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has sufficient resolution to accurately differentiate TCFA from thick-cap fibroatheroma (ThCFA) and not lipid rich plaque (non-LRP). However, the impact of OCT-detected plaque phenotype of nonischemic lesions on future adverse events remains unknown. Therefore, we studied the natural history of OCT-detected TCFA, ThCFA, and non-LRP in patients enrolled in the prospective multicenter COMBINE FFR-OCT trial (Combined Optical Coherence Tomography Morphologic and Fractional Flow Reserve Hemodynamic Assessment of Non-Culprit Lesions to Better Predict Adverse Event Outcomes in Diabetes Mellitus Patients). METHODS: In the COMBINE FFR-OCT trial, patients with diabetes and ≥1 lesion with a fractional flow reserve >0.80 underwent OCT evaluation and were clinically followed for 18 months. A composite primary end point of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, target-lesion revascularization, and hospitalization for unstable angina was evaluated in relation to OCT-based plaque morphology. RESULTS: A total of 390 patients (age 67.5±9 years; 63% male) with ≥1 nonischemic lesions underwent OCT evaluation: 284 (73%) had ≥1 LRP and 106 (27%) non-LRP lesions. Among LRP patients, 98 (34.5%) had ≥1 TCFA. The primary end point occurred in 7% of LRP patients compared with 1.9% of non-LRP patients (7.0% versus 1.9%; hazard ratio [HR], 3.9 [95% CI, 0.9-16.5]; P=0.068; log rank-P=0.049). However, within LRP patients, TCFA patients had a much higher risk for primary end point compared with ThCFA (13.3% versus 3.8%; HR, 3.8 [95% CI, 1.5-9.5]; P<0.01), and to non-LRP patients (13.3% versus 1.9%; HR, 7.7 [95% CI, 1.7-33.9]; P<0.01), whereas ThCFA patients had risk similar to non-LRP patients (3.8% versus 1.9%; HR, 2.0 [95% CI, 0.42-9.7]; P=0.38). Multivariable analyses identified TCFA as the strongest independent predictor of primary end point (HR, 6.79 [95% CI, 1.50-30.72]; P=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Among diabetes patients with fractional flow reserve-negative lesions, patients carrying TCFA lesions represent only one-third of LRP patients and are associated with a high risk of future events while patients carrying LRP-ThCFA and non-LRP lesions portend benign outcomes. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT02989740.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Placa Aterosclerótica , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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