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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292142

RESUMO

Purpose: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) discontinuation is an emerging goal in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) management and several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of safely stopping imatinib. A sustained deep molecular response on long-term TKI is critical prior to attempting treatment-free remission. Reproducible results from several studies reported recently, failed to identify robust and reproducible predictive factors for the selection of the best candidates for successful TKI cessation.Patients and Methods: We conducted a prospective national phase II study evaluating the cessation of imatinib after at least 2 years of MR4.5 obtained on imatinib first-line in patients with chronic phase CML.Results: A total of 218 patients with de novo chronic phase CML were involved in the study. The median follow-up after imatinib cessation was 23.5 (1-64) months, 2 patients died from unrelated causes, and 107 experienced a confirmed increase in BCR-ABL1 levels defined as molecular recurrence. The molecular recurrence-free survival was 52% [95% confidence interval (CI), 45%-59%] at 6 months, and 50% (95% CI, 43%-57%) at 24 months. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used to evaluate more accurately low levels of BCR-ABL1 in 175 of 218 patients at imatinib cessation. To apply positive BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratios on the international scale (IS), a conversion factor was calculated for ddPCR and the significant cut-off point was established at 0.0023%IS In a multivariate analysis, the duration of TKI (≥74.8 months) and ddPCR (≥0.0023%IS) were the two identified predictive factors of molecular recurrence, with P = 0.0366 (HR, 0.635; 95% CI, 0.415-0.972] and P = 0.008 (HR, 0.556; 95% CI, 0.360-0.858), respectively.Conclusions: We conclude that the duration of TKI and residual leukemic cell load as determined by ddPCR are key factors for predicting successful treatment-free remission for patients with de novo chronic phase CML.

2.
Bull Cancer ; 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353136

RESUMO

In the context of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) resistant to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations still remain the sole biological marker that directly condition therapeutic decision. These recommendations aim at updating the use of BCR-ABL1 mutation testing with respect to new available therapeutic options and at repositioning different testing methods at the era of next generation sequencing (NGS). They have been written by a panel of experts from the French Study Group on CML (Fi-LMC), after a critical review of relevant publications. TKD mutation testing is recommended in case of treatment failure but not in case of optimal response. For patients in warning situation, mutation testing must be discussed depending on the type of TKI used, lasting of the treatment, kinetic evolution of BCR-ABL1 transcripts along time and necessity for switching treatment. The kind and the frequency of TKD mutations occasioning resistance mainly depend on the TKI in use and disease phase. Because of its better sensitivity, NGS methods are recommended for mutation testing rather than Sanger's. Facing a given TKD mutation, therapeutic decision should be taken based on in vitro sensitivity and clinical efficacy data. Identification by sequencing of a TKD mutation known to induce resistance must lead to a therapeutic change. The clinical value of testing methods more sensitive than NGS remains to be assessed.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271217

RESUMO

The effectiveness of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has made it possible to consider treatment discontinuation in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients that achieve an excellent response. However, a few of the patients included in the Europe Stop Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (EURO-SKI) trial reported musculoskeletal pain shortly after stopping TKIs, considered as a withdrawal syndrome (WS). To identify factors that may predispose to TKI WS, we analysed the pharmacovigilance declarations for the 6 months after stopping TKIs in a large cohort of CML (n = 427) that combined the French patients included in the STop IMatinib 2 (STIM2; n = 224) and EURO-SKI (n = 203) trials. Among these patients, 23% (99/427) developed TKI WS after stopping imatinib (77/373; 20·4%), nilotinib (12/29; 41·4%) or dasatinib (10/25; 40%). WS concerned mainly the upper body joints, and required multiple symptomatic treatments in 30% of patients. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified two risk factors: duration of TKI treatment [risk ratio (RR) = 1·68 (1·02-2·74)] with a 93-month cut-off time, and history of osteoarticular symptoms [RR = 1·84 (1·04-3·28)]. These findings confirm that WS is a TKI class effect. CML patients should be carefully screened before treatment initiation to identify pre-existent osteoarticular symptoms. Moreover, before TKI discontinuation, patients should be informed of the possibility of WS, particularly after a long treatment period.

4.
Lancet ; 394(10192): 29-38, 2019 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (VTd) plus autologous stem-cell transplantation is standard treatment in Europe for transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. We evaluated whether the addition of daratumumab to VTd before and after autologous stem-cell transplantation would improve stringent complete response rate in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. METHODS: In this two-part, randomised, open-label, phase 3 CASSIOPEIA trial, we recruited transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma at 111 European sites. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive four pre-transplant induction and two post-transplant consolidation cycles of VTd alone (VTd group) or in combination with daratumumab (D-VTd group). The primary endpoint of part 1 was stringent complete response assessed 100 days after transplantation. Part 2 (maintenance) is ongoing. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02541383. FINDINGS: Between Sept 22, 2015, and Aug 1, 2017, 1085 patients were enrolled at 111 European sites and were randomly assigned to the D-VTd group (n=543) or the VTd group (n=542). At day 100 after transplantation, 157 (29%) of 543 patients in the D-VTd group and 110 (20%) of 542 patients in the VTd group in the intention-to-treat population had achieved a stringent complete response (odds ratio 1·60, 95% CI 1·21-2·12, p=0·0010). 211 (39%) patients in the D-VTd group versus 141 (26%) in the VTd group achieved a complete response or better, and 346 (64%) of 543 versus 236 (44%) of 542 achieved minimal residual disease-negativity (10-5 sensitivity threshold, assessed by multiparametric flow cytometry; both p<0·0001). Median progression-free survival from first randomisation was not reached in either group (hazard ratio 0·47, 95% CI 0·33-0·67, p<0·0001). 46 deaths on study were observed (14 vs 32, 0·43, 95% CI 0·23-0·80). The most common grade 3 or 4 adverse events were neutropenia (28% vs 15%), lymphopenia (17% vs 10%), and stomatitis (13% vs 16%). INTERPRETATION: D-VTd before and after autologous stem-cell transplantation improved depth of response and progression-free survival with acceptable safety. CASSIOPEIA is the first study showing the clinical benefit of daratumumab plus standard of care in transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. FUNDING: The Intergroupe Francophone du Myélome and Dutch-Belgian Cooperative Trial Group for Hematology Oncology.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Exp Hematol ; 67: 41-48, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195076

RESUMO

Ponatinib represents a remarkable progress in the treatment of heavily pretreated chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and de novo Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL patients despite significant toxicity in clinical trials. To date, "real-life" data remain few and the use of ponatinib in this setting and its consequences remain mostly unknown. We report, within a national observational study, the use of ponatinib in unselected CML patients who had previously failed ≥2 lines of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy (or one line if an Abelson (ABL)T315I mutation was identified), in real-life conditions (2013-2014) in a compassionate program. Our analysis has been focused on 48 chronic phase CML patients recorded. With a median follow-up of 26.5 months since ponatinib initiation, the overall survival (OS) rates (80.5% at 3 years) and cumulative incidence of major molecular response (81.8% at 18 months) were similar to those of the phase II study, with no influence of BCR-ABL mutations nor the reason of ponatinib prescription. A specific subanalysis of the preexisting cardiovascular risk factors and events occurring on ponatinib is described. These events occurred after a median time on ponatinib of 5.8 months (excluding hypertension) and were observed in 29/48 patients (47%), even in those already on anti-aggregants/coagulants. The majority were not severe and resolved, but two cases were fatal. Other hematological or nonhematological nonvascular adverse events were similar to those previously described in trials. This observational study reports similar rates of survival, molecular responses, and a slight increase in the cardiovascular toxicity of ponatinib in real-life conditions, prompting improved control of cardiovascular risk factors and selection of patients.

8.
J Clin Oncol ; 36(24): 2514-2523, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29863974

RESUMO

Purpose To evaluate randomly the role of hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide (hyper-C) dose intensification in adults with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with a pediatric-inspired protocol and to determine the upper age limit for treatment tolerability in this context. Patients and Methods A total of 787 evaluable patients (B/T lineage, 525 and 262, respectively; median age, 36.1 years) were randomly assigned to receive a standard dose of cyclophosphamide or hyper-C during first induction and late intensification. Compliance with chemotherapy was assessed by median doses actually received during each treatment phase by patients potentially exposed to the full planned doses. Results Overall complete remission (CR) rate was 91.9%. With a median follow-up of 5.2 years, the 5-year rate of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) was 52.2% (95% CI, 48.5% to 55.7%) and 58.5% (95% CI, 54.8% to 61.9%), respectively. Randomization to the hyper-C arm did not increase the CR rate or prolong EFS or OS. As a result of worse treatment tolerance, advanced age continuously affected CR rate, EFS, and OS, with 55 years as the best age cutoff. At 5 years, EFS was 55.7% (95% CI, 51.8% to 59.4%) for patients younger than 55 years of age versus 25.8% (95% CI, 19.9% to 35.6%) in older patients (hazard ratio, 2.16; P < .001). Patients ≥ 55 years of age, in whom a lower compliance to the whole planned chemotherapy was observed, benefited significantly from hyper-C, whereas younger patients did not. Conclusion No significant benefit was associated with the introduction of a hyper-C sequence into a frontline pediatric-like adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy. Overall, tolerability of an intensive pediatric-derived treatment was poor in patients ≥ 55 years of age.

9.
Cancer ; 124(14): 2956-2963, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ultimate goal of chronic myeloid leukemia management in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era for patients who obtain deep molecular responses is maintaining a durable off-treatment response after treatment discontinuation; this situation is called treatment-free remission (TFR). Knowledge accumulated during the last 10 years justifies moving TFR strategies from research to clinical practice. METHODS: Twenty experts from the French Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Study Group (France Intergroupe des Leucémies Myéloïdes Chroniques), including 17 hematologists, 2 molecular biologists, and 1 cytogeneticist, critically reviewed published data with the goal of developing evidence-based recommendations for TKI discontinuation in clinical practice. RESULTS: Clinically relevant questions were addressed, including the selection of candidate patients (with known prognostic factors for outcomes taken into account), detailed monitoring procedures during the treatment-free phase, a definition of relapse requiring therapy resumption, and monitoring after treatment reintroduction. CONCLUSIONS: This work presents consensus statements with the aim of guiding physicians and biologists by means of pragmatic recommendations for safe TKI discontinuation in daily practice. Cancer 2018;124:2956-63. © 2018 American Cancer Society.

10.
Ann Hematol ; 97(5): 831-837, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29330561

RESUMO

The combination of pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone (Pom-Dex) has proved effective and safe in patients with end-stage relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), otherwise characterized by a very poor outcome. MM remains an incurable disease with unavoidable relapses, and the outcome after pomalidomide is still dismal. However, some patients demonstrate prolonged survival even beyond pomalidomide therapy.We sought to analyze the treatment of RRMM patients following Pom-Dex therapy and the response and survival after this next treatment line.We studied 134 patients treated with Pom-Dex until progression across two IFM studies. Seventy percent of these patients received further therapy after Pom-Dex. Among the treated patients, one third responded and one third maintained stable disease. The median OS for treated patients was 12 months (6.5;17), with 22 and 12.5% of patients surviving beyond 2 and 3 years, respectively. The factors associated with a better outcome were exposure to a triplet-based regimen containing a novel agent, response to therapy, absence of adverse cytogenetic, and a longer time from diagnosis to post pomalidomide therapy.This study suggests that patients relapsing after Pom-Dex therapy can still benefit from a further line of treatment. A subset of these treated patients even displayed a prolonged OS, while the prognosis remained very poor without treatment. An active approach could therefore be recommended even in this adverse situation, however guided by the patients' prognosis factors.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Terapia de Salvação/tendências , Talidomida/administração & dosagem
11.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(25): 2911-2918, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28686535

RESUMO

Purpose Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) are important imaging techniques in multiple myeloma (MM). We conducted a prospective trial in patients with MM aimed at comparing MRI and PET-CT with respect to the detection of bone lesions at diagnosis and the prognostic value of the techniques. Patients and Methods One hundred thirty-four patients received a combination of lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (RVD) with or without autologous stem-cell transplantation, followed by lenalidomide maintenance. PET-CT and MRI were performed at diagnosis, after three cycles of RVD, and before maintenance therapy. The primary end point was the detection of bone lesions at diagnosis by MRI versus PET-CT. Secondary end points included the prognostic impact of MRI and PET-CT regarding progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results At diagnosis, MRI results were positive in 127 of 134 patients (95%), and PET-CT results were positive in 122 of 134 patients (91%; P = .33). Normalization of MRI after three cycles of RVD and before maintenance was not predictive of PFS or OS. PET-CT became normal after three cycles of RVD in 32% of the patients with a positive evaluation at baseline, and PFS was improved in this group (30-month PFS, 78.7% v 56.8%, respectively). PET-CT normalization before maintenance was described in 62% of the patients who were positive at baseline. This was associated with better PFS and OS. Extramedullary disease at diagnosis was an independent prognostic factor for PFS and OS, whereas PET-CT normalization before maintenance was an independent prognostic factor for PFS. Conclusion There is no difference in the detection of bone lesions at diagnosis when comparing PET-CT and MRI. PET-CT is a powerful tool to evaluate the prognosis of de novo myeloma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(4): 387-393, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28129526

RESUMO

Purpose Elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have a poor prognosis, and innovative maintenance therapy could improve their outcomes. Androgens, used in the treatment of aplastic anemia, have been reported to block proliferation of and initiate differentiation in AML cells. We report the results of a multicenter, phase III, randomized open-label trial exploring the benefit of adding androgens to maintenance therapy in patients 60 years of age or older. Patients and Methods A total of 330 patients with AML de novo or secondary to chemotherapy or radiotherapy were enrolled in the study. Induction therapy included idarubicin 8 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5, cytarabine 100 mg/m2 on days 1 to 7, and lomustine 200 mg/m2 on day 1. Patients in complete remission or partial remission received six reinduction courses, alternating idarubicin 8 mg/m2 on day 1, cytarabine 100 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5, and a regimen of methotrexate and mercaptopurine. Patients were randomly assigned to receive norethandrolone 10 or 20 mg/day, according to body weight, or no norethandrolone for a 2-year maintenance therapy regimen. The primary end point was disease-free survival by intention to treat. Secondary end points were event-free survival, overall survival, and safety. This trial was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00700544. Results Random assignment allotted 165 patients to each arm; arm A received norethandrolone, and arm B did not receive norethandrolone. Complete remission or partial remission was achieved in 247 patients (76%). The Schoenfeld time-dependent model showed that norethandrolone significantly improved survival for patients still in remission at 1 year after induction. In arms A and B, respectively, 5-year disease-free survival was 31.2% and 16.2%, event-free survival was 21.5% and 12.9%, and overall survival was 26.3% and 17.2%. Norethandrolone improved outcomes irrelevant to all prognosis factors. Only patients with baseline leukocytes > 30 × 109/L did not benefit from norethandrolone. Conclusion This study demonstrates that maintenance therapy with norethandrolone significantly improves survival in elderly patients with AML without increasing toxicity.


Assuntos
Androgênios/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Blood ; 129(7): 846-854, 2017 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27932374

RESUMO

STOP second generation (2G)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is a multicenter observational study designed to evaluate 2G-TKI discontinuation in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Patients receiving first-line or subsequent dasatinib or nilotinib who stopped therapy after at least 3 years of TKI treatment and in molecular response 4.5 (MR4.5) with undetectable BCR-ABL1 transcripts for the 2 preceding years at least were eligible for inclusion. This interim analysis reports outcomes of 60 patients with a minimum follow-up of 12 months (median 47, range: 12-65). Twenty-six patients (43.3%) experienced a molecular relapse defined as the loss of a major molecular response (MMR). Relapses occurred after a median time of 4 months (range: 1-38). Cumulative incidences of molecular relapse by 12 and 48 months were 35% (95% confidence interval [CI], 24.79% to 49.41%) and 44.76% (95% CI, 33.35% to 59.91%), respectively. Treatment-free remission (TFR) rates at 12 and 48 months were 63.33% (95% CI, 51.14% to 75.53%) and 53.57% (95% CI, 40.49% to 66.65%), respectively. In univariate analysis, prior suboptimal response or TKI resistance was the only baseline factor associated with significantly worse outcome. A landmark analysis demonstrated that loss of MR4.5 3 months after stopping TKI was predictive of failure to maintain MMR later on. During the treatment-free phase, no progression toward advanced phase CML occurred, and all relapsing patients regained MMR and MR4.5 after restarting therapy. In conclusion, discontinuation of first-line or subsequent 2G-TKI yields promising TFR rates without safety concerns. Further research is encouraged to better define conditions that will offer patients the highest chance to remain free from 2G-TKI therapy.


Assuntos
Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
N Engl J Med ; 375(11): 1044-53, 2016 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27626518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment with rituximab has improved the outcome for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Patients with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may also have the CD20 antigen, which is targeted by rituximab. Although single-group studies suggest that adding rituximab to chemotherapy could improve the outcome in such patients, this hypothesis has not been tested in a randomized trial. METHODS: We randomly assigned adults (18 to 59 years of age) with CD20-positive, Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative ALL to receive chemotherapy with or without rituximab, with event-free survival as the primary end point. Rituximab was given during all treatment phases, for a total of 16 to 18 infusions. RESULTS: From May 2006 through April 2014, a total of 209 patients were enrolled: 105 in the rituximab group and 104 in the control group. After a median follow-up of 30 months, event-free survival was longer in the rituximab group than in the control group (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.45 to 0.98; P=0.04); the estimated 2-year event-free survival rates were 65% (95% CI, 56 to 75) and 52% (95% CI, 43 to 63), respectively. Treatment with rituximab remained associated with longer event-free survival in a multivariate analysis. The overall incidence rate of severe adverse events did not differ significantly between the two groups, but fewer allergic reactions to asparaginase were observed in the rituximab group. CONCLUSIONS: Adding rituximab to the ALL chemotherapy protocol improved the outcome for younger adults with CD20-positive, Ph-negative ALL. (Funded by the Regional Clinical Research Office, Paris, and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00327678 .).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Antígenos CD20/análise , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/imunologia , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 16(3): 139-45, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26775883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term disease-free survival in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains unsatisfactory, and the treatment options are limited for those patients with relapse or a failure to respond after initial therapy. We conducted a dose-escalation/expansion phase II, multicenter, single-arm study to determine the optimal dose of coltuximab ravtansine (SAR3419), an anti-CD19 antibody-drug conjugate, in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The dose-escalation part of the study determined the selected dose of coltuximab ravtansine for the evaluation of efficacy and safety in the dose-expansion phase. Patients received coltuximab ravtansine induction therapy (≤ 8 weekly doses). The responding patients were eligible for maintenance therapy (biweekly administration for ≤ 24 weeks). Three dose levels of coltuximab ravtansine were examined: 55, 70, and 90 mg/m(2). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). The secondary endpoints included the duration of response (DOR) and safety. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients were treated: 19 during dose escalation and 17 during dose expansion. One dose-limiting toxicity was observed at 90 mg/m(2) (grade 3 peripheral motor neuropathy); therefore, 70 mg/m(2) was selected for the dose-expansion phase. Five patients discontinued therapy because of adverse events (AEs). The most common AEs were pyrexia, diarrhea, and nausea. Of the 17 evaluable patients treated at the selected dose, 4 had a disease response (estimated ORR using the Bayesian method: 25.5% (80% confidence interval, 14.2%-39.6%). The DOR was 1.9 months (range, 1-5.6 months). Because of these results, the study was prematurely discontinued. CONCLUSION: Coltuximab ravtansine was well tolerated but was associated with a low clinical response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory ALL.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Imunotoxinas/uso terapêutico , Maitansina/análogos & derivados , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunotoxinas/administração & dosagem , Imunotoxinas/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Maitansina/administração & dosagem , Maitansina/efeitos adversos , Maitansina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Recidiva , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Bull Cancer ; 103(2): 180-9, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26790711

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting the BCR-ABL oncoprotein represent an outstanding progress in chronic myeloid leukemia and long-term progression-free survival has become a reality for a majority of patients. However, tyrosine kinase inhibitors may at best chronicize rather than cure the disease thus current recommendation is to pursue treatment indefinitely. As a consequence, high quality treatment and care must integrate optimal disease control and treatment tolerability. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have an overall favorable safety profile in clinical practice since most adverse events are mild to moderate in intensity. However, recent evidence has emerged that new generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors may sometimes damage vital organs and if not adequately managed, morbidity and mortality may increase. The 2nd generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib is licensed for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia with resistance or intolerance to imatinib and newly diagnosed chronic phase-chronic myeloid leukemia. Nilotinib represents an important therapeutic option but it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The purpose of this article by the France Intergroupe des Leucémies Myéloïdes Chroniques is to provide an overview of nilotinib efficacy and cardiovascular safety profile and to propose practical recommendations with the goal to minimize the risk and severity of cardiovascular events in nilotinib-treated patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico
17.
Haematologica ; 101(3): e86-90, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26635034
18.
Lancet Haematol ; 2(3): e108-17, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26687796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis of patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is poor and new treatments are needed. We aimed to assess the feasibility, tolerability, dosimetry, and efficacy of yttrium-90-labelled anti-CD22 epratuzumab tetraxetan ((90)Y-DOTA-epratuzumab) radioimmunotherapy in refractory or relapsed CD22-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in a standard 3 + 3 phase 1 study. METHODS: Adults (≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (with CD22 expression on at least 70% of blast cells) were enrolled at six centres in France. Patients received one cycle of (90)Y-DOTA-epratuzumab on days 1 and 8 (give or take 2 days) successively at one of four dose levels: 2·5 mCi/m(2) (92·5 MBq/m(2); level 1), 5·0 mCi/m(2) (185 MBq/m(2); level 2), 7·5 mCi/m(2) (277·5 MBq/m(2); level 3), and 10·0 mCi/m(2) (370 MBq/m(2); level 4). The primary objective was to identify the maximum tolerated dose of (90)Y-DOTA-epratuzumab. We assessed safety during infusions and regularly after radioimmunotherapy over a 6-month period. Analyses included only patients who received radioimmunotherapy. The trial is closed to inclusion and is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01354457. FINDINGS: Between Aug 25, 2011, and June 11, 2014, 17 patients (median age 62 years; range 27-77) were treated (five at level 1, three at level 2, three at level 3, and six at level 4). Radioimmunotherapy infusion was overall well tolerated. One dose-limiting toxic effect (aplasia lasting 8 weeks) occurred at level 4, but the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were pancytopenia (one patient at level 2, one at level 3, and six at level 4) and infections (three at level 1, one at level 2, and five at level 4). INTERPRETATION: (90)Y-DOTA-epratuzumab radioimmunotherapy is well tolerated. We recommend the dose of 2 × 10·0 mCi/m(2) 1 week apart per cycle for phase 2 studies. FUNDING: Immunomedics and Direction de la Recherche Clinique of Nantes.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/radioterapia , Radioimunoterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Lectina 2 Semelhante a Ig de Ligação ao Ácido Siálico/antagonistas & inibidores , Resultado do Tratamento , Radioisótopos de Ítrio
19.
Am J Hematol ; 90(11): 986-91, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26214580

RESUMO

Central nervous system (CNS) thrombotic events are a well-known complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction therapy, especially with treatments including l-asparaginase (l-ASP). Data on risk factors and clinical evolution is still lacking in adult patients. We report on the clinical evolution of 22 CNS venous thrombosis cases occurring in 708 adults treated for ALL or lymphoblastic lymphoma (LL) with the Group for Research on Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL)-induction protocol, which included eight L-ASP (6,000 IU/m(2) ) infusions. The prevalence of CNS thrombosis was 3.1%. CNS thrombosis occurred after a median of 18 days (range: 11-31) when patients had received a median of three l-ASP injections (range: 2-7). Patients with CNS thrombosis exhibited a median antithrombin (AT) nadir of 47.5% (range: 36-67%) at Day 17 (range: D3-D28), and 95% of them exhibited AT levels lower than 60%. There were no evident increase in hereditary thrombotic risk factors prevalence, and thrombosis occurred despite heparin prophylaxis which was performed in 90% of patients. Acquired AT deficiency was frequently detected in patients with l-ASP-based therapy, and patients with CNS thrombosis received AT prophylaxis (45%) less frequently than patients without CNS thrombosis (83%), P = 0.0002). CNS thrombosis was lethal in 5% of patients, while 20% had persistent sequelae. One patient received all planned l-ASP infusions without recurrence of CNS thrombotic whereas l-ASP injections were discontinued in 20 patients during the management of thrombosis without a significant impact on overall survival (P = 0.4).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Antitrombinas/sangue , Veias Cerebrais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veias Cerebrais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade , Trombose Venosa/patologia
20.
Am J Hematol ; 90(9): 811-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The GRASPALL/GRAALL-SA2-2008 Phase II trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of L-asparaginase encapsulated within erythrocytes (GRASPA®) in patients ≥ 55 years with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia. FINDINGS: Thirty patients received escalating doses of GRASPA® on Day 3 and 6 of induction Phases 1 and 2. The primary efficacy endpoint was asparagine depletion < 2 µmol/L for at least 7 days. This was reached in 85 and 71% of patients with 100 and 150 IU/kg respectively but not with 50 IU/kg. Grade 3/4 infection, hypertransaminasemia, hyperbilirubinemia and deep vein thrombosis occurred in 77, 20, 7, and 7% of patients, respectively. No allergic reaction or clinical pancreatitis was observed despite 17% of Grade 3/4 lipase elevation. Anti-asparaginase antibodies were detected in 50% of patients and related to a reduction in the duration of asparagine depletion during induction Phase 2 without decrease of encapsulated L-asparaginase activity. Complete remission rate was 70%. With a median follow-up of 42 months, median overall survival was 15.8 and 9.7 months, in the 100 and 150 IU/kg cohorts respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of GRASPA®, especially at the 100 IU/kg dose level, is feasible in elderly patients without excessive toxicity and associated with durable asparagine depletion. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01523782).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Asparagina/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos , Composição de Medicamentos , Eritrócitos/química , Eritrócitos/citologia , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/patologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/complicações , Micoses/mortalidade , Micoses/patologia , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida
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