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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 41, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422164

RESUMO

Introduction: regular in-service training of healthcare workers within the immunization program is critical to address the program needs created by the introduction of new vaccines and technologies, as well as the expanding scope of immunisation programmes beyond infant immunization and towards a life-course approach. National immunization programs conduct in-service training of health workers depending on program needs and particularly when new program elements are introduced. Methods: we conducted a survey of national and provincial level immunization program staff in 9 countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region to determine the perceived needs and preferred training methods for capacity building in immunisation. Results: nearly all of the respondents (98.3%) stated that there are skill gaps at their respective levels in the immunization program which require training, with 88% indicating that mid-level program management (MLM) training was needed to train new program staff, while 78% indicated program performance gaps and 60% of the respondents stated that refresher training is needed. Program areas identified as top priorities for training included immunisation monitoring and data quality, sustainable immunization financing, adverse events monitoring and community mobilization. More than three quarters of the respondents (78%) think that online MLM training is adequate to address program gaps. Only four of the 9 immunization program managers indicated that they regularly monitor the number of MLM trained staff within their national program. Conclusion: there is a strong need for in-service training of immunization program officers in the countries surveyed, especially at the subnational levels. Program managers should conduct regular monitoring of the training status of staff, as well as conduct detailed training needs assessments in order to tailor the training approaches and topics. Online training provides an acceptable approach for capacity building of immunization program staff.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Programas de Imunização/organização & administração , Capacitação em Serviço/métodos , África , Fortalecimento Institucional , Competência Clínica , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Imunização/métodos , Imunização/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinas/administração & dosagem
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 27(Suppl 3): 13, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29296148

RESUMO

Periodic measles supplemental immunisation activities (SIAs) increase population immunity and thereby reduce the pool of accumulated susceptible children. They are typically conducted every 2 - 4 years, and most often target children up to five years of age. Between 2012 and 2015, after surveillance data indicated a shift in the epidemiological profile of measles towards older age groups, 11 countries were supported to conduct wide age range SIAs based on their local epidemiological patterns. Six other countries conducted SIAs with measles-rubella vaccines targeting ages 9 months to 14 years as an initial step of introducing rubella vaccine into the immunization program. In subsequent years, the incidence of confirmed measles dropped significantly in 13 of the 17 countries reviewed. The findings emphasize the importance of well-functioning surveillance systems, and the benefits of using of surveillance data to determine the specific target age-range for periodic SIAs to accelerate progress towards measles elimination.


Assuntos
Programas de Imunização , Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacina contra Sarampo/administração & dosagem , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , África/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Sarampo/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , Vacina contra Rubéola/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Combinadas/administração & dosagem
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