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1.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and puerperium are considered a risk situation in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Therefore, specialized assessment is essential both preconception and during pregnancy and the puerperium. Likewise, it is very important that different specialists in autoimmune diseases and high-risk pregnancies participate in the follow-up of these patients in a coordinated manner. The Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine, and the Spanish Society of Rheumatology have set up a working group for the preparation of three consensus documents. METHODS: The stages of the work were: distribution of work in three groups corresponding to the three periods related to pregnancy (preconception, during pregnancy and childbirth and puerperium), identification of key areas, exhaustive review of the literature and formulation of recommendations. RESULTS: This first document includes the 48 recommendations that address aspects related to infertility, the need for and treatments for gonadal preservation and preconception assessment. CONCLUSIONS: These multidisciplinary recommendations are considered decision-making tools for clinicians involved in the care of patients with SLE/APS during pregnancy.

2.
Presse Med ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694791

RESUMO

Plasma exchange is a well-established therapeutic procedure commonly used in many autoimmune disorders. The beneficial effects of plasma exchange are thought to occur through the elimination of pathogenic mediators found in plasma, including autoantibodies, complement components, and cytokines. The catastrophic antiphsopholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a life-threatening variant of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) where several thrombosis take place in a short period of time in patients with circulating antiphospholipid antibodies. The triple therapy with anticoagulation, corticosteroids and plasma exchange or intravenous immunoglobulins has been proposed in CAPS. CAPS is a rare disease precluding the conduction of formal clinical trials. However, the observation of a better clinical course of patients who received this treatment supports their use. Plasma exchange has become an established therapeutic procedure in CAPS but there are no studies regarding the better approach and thus its use relies on the experience of the physicians in charge. The current article aims to review potential mechanisms of action of plasma exchange and the technical aspects of this procedure and will focus on its current role in CAPS, the experience published in treating this condition and the treatment protocol that we use in our institution.

3.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In order to agree on the fundamental aspects related to the management of pregnancy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), the Spanish Societies of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Internal Medicine and Rheumatology set up a working group for the preparation of three consensus documents. METHODS: Each of the Scientific Societies involved proposed five representatives based on their experience in the field of pregnancy control in patients with autoimmune diseases. The recommendations were developed following the Delphi methodology. RESULTS: This second document contains the recommendations regarding the management of pregnancy in women with SLE and APS, including complications such as lupus activity, congenital heart block, thrombotic and obstetric manifestations of APS and placental vascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: These multidisciplinary recommendations are considered decision-making tools for clinicians involved in the care of patients with SLE/APS during pregnancy.

4.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In patients with antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and undifferentiated features of systemic autoimmune disease, the coexistence of monospecific anti-dense fine speckled-70 (anti-DFS70) antibodies is associated with a lower risk of progression to overt disease. Therefore, they might help in correctly classifying ANA positive patients and avoiding unnecessary follow-up diagnostic procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze the economic impact of the introduction of the anti-DFS70 antibody test in a hospital setting. METHODS: A case-control study was performed to detect monospecific anti-DFS70 antibodies in ANA positive subjects with undifferentiated features (cases; n=124) and with a defined systemic autoimmune disease (controls; n=290). Based on current clinical practice, a decision tree was developed to represent the disease course of patients with undifferentiated features in the subsequent three years. A budget impact analysis was performed to estimate the effect of implementing the screening for anti- DFS70 antibodies in the case group on the total costs. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to calculate the impact of the uncertainty of the input parameters on the results. RESULTS: Among the 124 patients in the case group, 5 (4.0%) tested positive for anti-DFS70 antibodies versus 4/290 (1.4%) in the control group (p=NS). The mean cost per patient under the current clinical practice decreased from 3,274€ to 3,192€ in our scenario. The budget impact reports cost savings of 10,288€. CONCLUSION: The introduction of anti-DFS70 antibody test would avoid unnecessary follow-up diagnostic procedures and minimize the use of health resources generated by suspicion of a potential systemic autoimmune disease.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical utility of trabecular bone score (TBS) evaluation for fracture risk assessment in glucocorticoid (GC)-treated patients compared with BMD assessment. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-seven patients on GC treatment were included [mean age 62 (18) years, 63% women] in this cross-sectional study. The medical history, anthropometric data, lumbar and femoral BMD (DXA) [considering osteoporosis (OP): T-score ⩽-2.5], TBS (considering degraded microarchitecture: <1.230) and dorsolumbar X-ray [to assess vertebral fractures (VF)] were evaluated. BMD and TBS sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) were evaluated to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the two methods. RESULTS: All patients were receiving GC treatment for autoimmune diseases during 47.7 (68.9) months at a mean daily dose of 14.5 mg; 17% had VF, 28% any type of fragility fracture (VF + non-VF), 29% OP and 52% degraded microarchitecture. Degraded microarchitecture was significantly more frequent than densitometric OP in patients with VF (76% vs 38%) and with any fragility fracture (69% vs 36%). For VF, TBS and BMD sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 0.76, 0.53, 0.25 and 0.92, and 0.38, 0.72, 0.22 and 0.85, respectively. Specificity increased to 0.89 for VF and 0.9 for any fragility fracture on combining BMD+TBS. TBS had better ability than BMD to discriminate between patients with fracture, especially VF (area under the curve = 0.73). CONCLUSION: TBS seems to have greater discriminative power than BMD for fracture risk assessment in GC-treated patients, confirming the utility of this method as a complementary tool in the diagnosis of GC-induced OP.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical features, laboratory data and fetal-maternal outcomes between 1000 women with obstetric APS (OAPS) and 640 with aPL-related obstetric complications not fulfilling Sydney criteria (non-criteria OAPS, NC-OAPS). METHODS: This was a retrospective and prospective multicentre study from the European Registry on Obstetric Antiphospholipid Syndrome. RESULTS: A total of 1650 women with 5251 episodes, 3601 of which were historical and 1650 latest episodes, were included. Altogether, 1000 cases (OAPS group) fulfilled the Sydney classification criteria and 650 (NC-OAPS group) did not. Ten NC-OAPS cases were excluded for presenting thrombosis during follow-up. All cases were classified as category I (triple positivity or double positivity for aPL) or category II (simple positivity). Overall, aPL laboratory categories showed significant differences: 29.20% in OAPS vs 17.96% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category I, and 70.8% in OAPS vs 82% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category II. Significant differences were observed when current obstetric complications were compared (P < 0.001). However, major differences between groups were not observed in treatment rates, livebirths and thrombotic complications. In the NC-OAPS group, 176/640 (27.5%) did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup A), 175/640 (27.34%) had a low titre and/or non-persistent aPL positivity but did meet the clinical criteria (subgroup B) and 289/640 (45.15%) had a high aPL titre but did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup C). CONCLUSION: Significant clinical and laboratory differences were found between groups. Fetal-maternal outcomes were similar in both groups when treated. These results suggest that we could improve our clinical practice with better understanding of NC-OAPS patients.

8.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(11): 1875-1882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522232

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital ulcers (DUs) in daily life of systemic sclerosis (SSc) Spanish patients. We developed a multicenter observational study to compare functional disability in SSc patients with active DUs vs. those without DUs. An additional correlation between perception of patients and physicians on disability due to DUs was performed. A total of 199 patients were enrolled, 70 (35%) with DUs. Patients with DUs were younger (48 vs. 58 years; p < 0.001) and had more frequently the diffuse subtype of SSc (45 vs. 24%; p = 0.004) than patients without DUs. Patients with DUs showed significantly higher scores in the Cochin Hand Function Scale overall (p < 0.002) and for each of its five dimensions. They also showed higher scores in the Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire items related to hand function such as, dress and self-care (p < 0.013), eat (p < 0.013) and grip (p < 0.03), and higher Visual Analogic Scale scores for pain (p < 0.013), trouble related with Raynaud's Phenomenon (p < 0.001) and sense of severity (p < 0.004). Impact on daily activities was significantly higher in patients with DUs (p = 0.002), with a non-significant trend to experience higher impact on work productivity (p = 0.07). A high correlation was found between DUs patients and physicians opinion on the impact of DUs (daily life: Pearson R = 0.86; work productivity: Pearson R = 0.87). Study findings show an impaired hand function and increased disability for daily life activities and work productivity in SSc patients with DUs compared with patients without DUs in Spanish population.

9.
Clin Ther ; 41(9): 1839-1862, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405527

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment of thrombosis in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) usually requires long-term anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists. The effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in APS has not been fully addressed. The purpose of this research was to analyze the efficacy (thrombotic event-free time) and tolerability (bleeding events) of DOACs in patients with APS. METHODS: We performed a descriptive analysis of a systematic review of data from patients with APS treated with DOACs reported in the literature, via EMBASE, PubMed, and the European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology congresses. After systematic review, a meta-analysis of data from clinical trials was performed. FINDINGS: A total of 728 patients, accounting for 731 courses of treatment with DOACs, were identified. The majority (48.3%) presented with triple anti-phospholipid antibody positivity. The prevalence of thrombosis during DOAC treatment was 13.9%. Analysis of risk factors for recurrent thrombosis suggested that a higher mean (SD) number of prior thrombotic events (1.80 [0.87] vs 1.67 [1.45]; P = 0.012), history of combined arterial and venous thrombosis (27.3% vs 9.2% [P < 0.0001]; odds ratio [OR] = 3.72 [95% CI, 1.91-7.25]), previous treatment with LMWH (9.8% vs 1.1% [P = 0.04]; OR = 9.95 [95% CI, 1.08-91.97]), use of immunosuppressant treatment (41.7% vs 12.7% [P = 0.03]; OR = 4.9 [95% CI, 1.21-19.76]), and no reason to switch anticoagulant treatment other than patient's decision (32% vs 2.8% [P = 0.001]; OR = 16.24 [95% CI, 3.16-83.52]) were associated with a high risk for re-thrombosis. Meta-Analysis did not show statistically relevant difference in risk of thrombosis or bleeding comparing warfarin with DOACs. IMPLICATIONS: The findings from this systematic literature review and meta-analysis suggest that patients treated with DOACs and having risk factors such as history of recurrent thrombosis, a history of combined arterial and venous thrombosis, or a need for immunosuppressant treatment, may have higer ratio of thrombotic recurrence. There are limited data to inform decisions on the use of DOACs in patients with APS with different or no risk factors.

10.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(9): 2529-2539, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020474

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Research describes higher incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders and learning disabilities in offspring of women affected by lupus. Factors implied are pregnancy and delivery adversities and exposure to maternal antibodies and cytokines. Little is known about the offspring immunological condition or the relation between offspring and maternal condition. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to analyze immunological configuration, psychopathology, and neuropsychological performance of young offspring of women with lupus, in comparison with healthy controls and in relation to maternal psychophysical condition. METHODS: Twenty-one offspring aged 8-17 of 17 women with lupus and 34 controls were recruited. Pregnancy conditions, stress factors, and immunological, psychopathological, and neuropsychological characteristics were compared. Immunological tests included standard lupus screening, lupus-related autoantibodies, antibodies against GluN2 subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) (anti-DWEYS Ab), and levels of ten cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, GMCSF, IFN-γ, TNF-α). RESULTS: Offspring had lower leukocyte count (p = 0.001) and higher levels of anti-dsDNA Ab (p = 0.022), anti-DWEYS-GluN2 Ab (p < 0.001), and eight cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α-all p < 0.001-and IFN-γ, p = 0.026) than controls. Their cytokine levels did not differ from their mothers'; 23.9% of offspring met the criteria for a clinical psychiatric diagnosis. No differences were found in intelligence measures. Various neuropsychological scores correlated inversely with maternal psychophysical health. CONCLUSIONS: Offspring's profile suggests proinflammatory and autoimmune activation. Their rate of psychiatric diagnosis appears higher than in the general population, and their cognitive performance is related to maternal psychophysical health. Longitudinal research might investigate whether immunological and psychosocial conditions influence psychopathology and cognition. Graphical abstract The hypothesized sequence for physical and neuropsychological development for the SLE offspring.

11.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(4): 406-414, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772493

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the clinical features, laboratory data and foetal-maternal outcomes, and follow them up on a cohort of 1000 women with obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (OAPS). METHODS: The European Registry of OAPS became a registry within the framework of the European Forum on Antiphospholipid Antibody projects and was placed on a website in June 2010. Thirty hospitals throughout Europe have collaborated to carry out this registry. Cases with obstetric complaints related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) who tested positive for aPL at least twice were included prospectively and retrospectively. The seven-year survey results are reported. RESULTS: 1000 women with 3553 episodes were included of which 2553 were historical and 1000 were latest episodes. All cases fulfilled the Sydney classification criteria. According to the laboratory categories, 292 (29.2%) were in category I, 357 (35.7%) in IIa, 224 (22.4%) in IIb and 127 (12.7%) in IIc. Miscarriages were the most prevalent clinical manifestation in 386 cases (38.6%). Moreover, the presence of early preeclampsia (PE) and early foetal growth restriction (FGR) appeared in 181 (18.1%) and 161 (16.1%), respectively. In this series, 448 (44.8%) women received the recommended OAPS treatment. Patients with recommended treatment had a good live-birth rate (85%), but worse results (72.4%) were obtained in patients with any treatment (low-dose aspirin (LDA) or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) not on recommended schedule, while patients with no treatment showed a poor birth rate (49.6%). CONCLUSION: In this series, recurrent miscarriage is the most frequent poor outcome. To avoid false-negative diagnoses, all laboratory category subsets were needed. OAPS cases have very good foetal-maternal outcomes when treated. Results suggest that we were able to improve our clinical practice to offer better treatment and outcomes to OAPS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aborto Habitual/tratamento farmacológico , Aborto Habitual/epidemiologia , Aborto Habitual/etiologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações na Gravidez/imunologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2777, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808881

RESUMO

Behçet's disease (BD) is an immune-mediated systemic disorder with a well-established genetic base. In a previous study, using a next generation sequencing approach, we found many rare variants and some functional polymorphisms in genes related to autoinflammatory syndromes (AID): CECR1, MEFV, MVK, NLRP3, NOD2, PSTPIP1 and TNFRSF1A in our BD cohort. Our strategy did not allow us to establish either number of patients with variants, proportion of individuals accumulating them or relationship with other genetic factors. With the goal to answer these questions, the individual samples were sequenced. Additionally, three functional polymorphisms: NLRP3 p.Gln703Lys, NOD2 p.Arg702Trp and p.Val955Ile were genotyped using TaqMan assays. A total of 98 patients (27.6%) carried at least one rare variant and 13 of them (3.7%) accumulated two or three. Functional regression model analysis suggests epistatic interaction between B51 and MEFV (P = 0.003). A suggestive protective association of the minor allele of NOD2 p.Arg702Trp (P = 0.01) was found in both, B51 positive and negative individuals. Therefore, a high percentage of patients with BD have rare variants in AID genes. Our results suggest that the association of MEFV with BD could be modulated by the HLA molecules; whereas the protective effect of NOD2 p.Arg702Trp would be independent of HLA.

13.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Monotherapy is an option as first-line therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, combination therapy is a beneficial alternative. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of monotherapy versus combination therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated PAH. METHODS: All patients with SSc-associated PAH from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) were reviewed. Patients were split into 3 groups: monotherapy versus sequential combination versus upfront combination therapy. The primary endpoint was death from any cause at 1, 3, and 5 years from PAH diagnosis. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients (4.2%) out of 1817 had SSc-related PAH. Thirty-four patients (45%) were receiving monotherapy [endothelin receptor antagonist (n = 22; 29%) or phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (n = 12; 16%)], 25 (33%) sequential combination, and 17 (22%) upfront combination therapy. A lower forced vital capacity/DLCO in the sequential combination group was reported (2.9 ± 1.1 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; p = 0.085) and also a higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure in combination groups (37.2 ± 8.7 mmHg vs 40.8 ± 8.8 vs 46 ± 15.9; p = 0.026) at baseline. Treatment regimen (p = 0.017) and functional class (p = 0.007) were found to be independent predictors of mortality. Sequential combination therapy was found to be an independent protective factor (HR 0.11, 95% CI 0.03-0.51; p = 0.004), while upfront combination therapy showed a trend (HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.23-1.97; p = 0.476). Survival from PAH diagnosis among monotherapy, sequential, and upfront combination groups was 78% versus 95.8% versus 94.1% at 1 year, 40.7% versus 81.5% versus 51.8% at 3 years, and 31.6% versus 56.5% versus 34.5% at 5 years (p = 0.007), respectively. Side effects were not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSION: Combination sequential therapy improved survival in our cohort.

14.
Joint Bone Spine ; 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Relapsing polychondritis is a rare, multi-systemic and inflammatory condition of unknown origin. We currently lack a core set of measures to assess and follow damage in patients suffering from this condition. Our primary aim was to derive a disease-specific damage measuring tool for relapsing polychondritis, the Relapsing Polychondritis Damage Index (RPDAM). METHODS: We performed an international 4-round multicenter Delphi study during which experts were asked to rate the relevance of potential damage items for relapsing polychondritis (141 items were obtained from a literature review and 12 from expert suggestion), using a Likert scale. The selection of items for each subsequent round was based on the median rating of each item. RESULTS: Twenty-four experts from 11 nationalities participated in round 1 and 22 in rounds 2, 3 and 4. From the initial 153 potential damage items, 44 items were selected during round 1, 30 items during round 2 and 16 during round 3. During round 4, we refined the index to a total of 17 items referring to ear nose and throat, eye, respiratory, cardiovascular and hematological systems as well as to treatment-related specific damage items. CONCLUSION: We have developed by international consensus a scoring system to assess damage in patients with relapsing polychondritis. Following its validation, the RPDAM may contribute to improve the care of patients suffering from this rare condition as well as to standardize data collection for future clinical trials.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(42): 10624-10629, 2018 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30279183

RESUMO

This study investigates the consequences of terrorist attacks for political behavior by leveraging a natural experiment in Spain. We study eight attacks against civilians, members of the military, and police officers perpetrated between 1989 and 1997 by Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), a Basque terrorist organization that was active between 1958 and 2011. We use nationally and regionally representative surveys that were being fielded when the attacks occurred to estimate the causal effect of terrorist violence on individuals' intent to participate in democratic elections as well as on professed support for the incumbent party. We find that both lethal and nonlethal terrorist attacks significantly increase individuals' intent to participate in a future democratic election. The magnitude of this impact is larger when attacks are directed against civilians than when directed against members of the military or the police. We find no evidence that the attacks change support for the incumbent party. These results suggest that terrorist attacks enhance political engagement of citizens.

16.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 151(6): 215-222, sept. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-173922

RESUMO

Background and objectives: To compare clinical, laboratory, treatment and live birth rate data between women with aPL-related obstetric complications (OMAPS) not fulfilling the Sydney criteria and women fulfilling them (OAPS). Materials and methods: Retrospective and prospective multicentre study. Data comparison between groups from The European Registry on Antiphospholipid Syndrome included within the framework of the European Forum on Antiphospholipid Antibody projects. Results: 338 women were analysed: 247 fulfilled the Sydney criteria (OAPS group) and 91 did not (OMAPS group). In the OMAPS group, 24/91 (26.37%) fulfilled laboratory Sydney criteria (subgroup A) and 67/91 (74.63%) had a low titre and/or non-persistent aPL-positivity (subgroup B). Overall, aPL laboratory categories in OAPS vs. OMAPS showed significant differences: 34% vs. 11% (p<0.0001) for category I, 66% vs. 89% (p<0.0001) for category II. No differences were observed when current obstetric complications were compared (p=0.481). 86.20% of OAPS women were treated vs. 75.82% of OMAPS (p=0.0224), particularly regarding the LDA+LMWH schedule (p=0.006). No differences between groups were observed in live births, gestational, puerperal arterial and/or venous thrombosis. Conclusions: Significant differences were found among aPL categories between groups. Treatment rates were higher in OAPS. Both OAPS and OMAPS groups had similarly good foetal-maternal outcomes when treated. The proposal to modify OAPS classification criteria, mostly laboratory requirements, is reinforced by these results


Fundamento Y objetivos: Comparar características clínicas, analíticas, tratamiento y tasa de hijos vivos entre gestantes con Síndrome Antifosfolípido Obstétrico (SAFO) y gestantes con morbilidad obstétrica relacionada con el síndrome que no cumplen los criterios de clasificación actuales. Material Y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo y prospectivo multicéntrico: datos de once hospitales terciarios europeos recogidos en el European Registry on Antiphospholipid Syndrome. Resultados: Se analizaron 338 mujeres: 247 cumplían criterios de Sydney para SAFO (grupo OAPS), y 91 no (grupo OMAPS). En el grupo OMAPS, 24/91(26.37%) cumplían criterios analíticos, pero no clínicos para SAFO (subgrupo A) y 67/91(74.63%) presentaban títulos medio-bajos o títulos positivos no persistentes de anticuerpos antifosfolípido, con o sin cumplir criterios clínicos (subgrupo B). Se observaron diferencias significativas entre los 2 grupos en cuanto a las categorías analíticas: 34% vs. 11% (p<0.0001) para la categoría I y 66% vs. 89% (p<0.0001) para la categoría II, OAPS vs OMAPS, respectivamente. No se observaron diferencias significativas en cuanto a las complicaciones obstétricas (p=0.481). El 86.20% del grupo OAPS recibió tratamiento vs.el 75.82% del grupo OMAPS (p=0.0224). No se observaron diferencias en la tasa de hijos vivos, ni en la tasa de trombosis arterial y/o venosa gestacional y/o puerperal. Conclusiones: Ambos grupos fueron muy homogéneos, excepto en cuanto a la distribución de las categorías analíticas y en la tasa de tratamiento. Ambos grupos mostraron buenos resultados al ser tratados. Los resultados respaldan la opinión de muchos expertos de tener que revisar los criterios de clasificación actuales del Síndrome Antifosfolípido Obstétrico


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Morbidade , Complicações na Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Thromb Res ; 169: 128-134, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Genetic variants in the endothelial protein C receptor gene (PROCR) may contribute to the thrombosis risk by regulating levels of the soluble form of this protein (sEPCR). We evaluated whether PROCR polymorphisms and sEPCR levels play a role in the thrombotic manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients (62 with primary antiphospholipid syndrome, 30 with antiphospholipid syndrome associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, 40 with systemic lupus erythematosus without antiphospholipid antibodies and 43 with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibodies) and 66 healthy controls were included. PROCR H1 and H3 haplotypes were determined by genotyping 7014G/C and 1651C/G tag-polymorphisms, respectively. sEPCR levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: PROCR haplotype distribution was similar among groups of patients and controls. PROCR H1 and H3 haplotypes were less prevalent in antiphospholipid syndrome patients with arterial thrombosis than those without arterial thrombosis, but statistical significance was only reached for the H1 haplotype (58.0% vs. 85.7%, p = 0.003; odds ratio: 0.23 [95% CI 0.08-0.65]). No relationship between the PROCR H1 and H3 haplotypes and venous thrombosis was found. sEPCR levels were higher in H3 than in H1 carriers (175.5 [95% CI 60.9-290.1] ng/ml vs. 69.1 [95% CI 61.5-76.9] ng/ml, p < 0.01). No relationship of sEPCR with arterial or venous thrombosis was found. CONCLUSION: The PROCR H1 haplotype was less frequently found in APS patients with arterial thrombosis, suggesting a protective effect of PROCR H1 against arterial thrombosis in these patients. No relationship between sEPCR and thrombosis was found.

18.
J Autoimmun ; 92: 1-11, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779928

RESUMO

The catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a life-threating variant of the antiphospholipid syndrome characterized by the development of multiple thrombosis in a short period of time, usually ending up in the failure of function of several vital organs. Most CAPS episodes are related to a prothrombotic situation or precipitating factor such as infections, surgical procedures or malignant diseases. In patients with CAPS, the development of multiple thrombosis leads to an important cytokine release that worsens the already critical patient's situation. The disease usually involves the kidneys, the lungs and the heart, although any organ system can be affected. Although occasionally the disease affects large vessels, in the majority of cases it affects small vessels, leading to a disseminated microangiopathic syndrome resembling thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Treatment is based on the administration of anticoagulants, corticosteroids, plasma exchange and/or intravenous immunoglobulins. Cyclophosphamide is recommended in those CAPS cases associated to systemic lupus erythematosus. Additionally, rituximab and eculizumab have been used in refractory cases. Mortality is still around 30% despite current treatment.

19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) who presented with venous thrombosis. In addition, we identified the factors associated with this venous involvement and those related with recurrent venous thrombosis. METHODS: Up to January 2015, 544 BD patients from 20 Spanish hospitals had been included in the REGEB (REGistro de la Enfermedad de Behçet as Spanish nomenclature). We selected those patients who presented venous thrombosis. Descriptive analysis was performed and factors related with venous thrombosis were identified. RESULTS: Overall, 99 (18.2%) BD patients had vascular thrombosis, 91 (16.7%) of them (16.7%) involving venous vessels and 18 (19.7%) suffered from venous thrombotic relapse. Lower limbs were the most common location of deep venous thrombosis present in up to 60% of patients. In 12 (13.2%) patients, venous thrombosis affected two vascular territories simultaneously and in 6 (6.6%) the venous and arterial involvement coincided in time. Overall, at the diagnosis of venous thrombosis, 97.6% of patients presented concomitantly other clinical symptoms attributable to BD. In logistic regression multivariate analysis factors associated to venous thrombosis were male sex (Odds ratio [OR] 4.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5-7.7), erythema nodosum (OR 2.4, 95%CI 1.4-4.1), fever (OR 2.0, 95%CI 1.1-3.8), and central nervous system (CNS) involvement (OR 2.5, 95%CI 1.3-4.8). Considering relapses, CNS involvement was an independent risk factor according logistic regression. However, Cox multivariate analysis did not confirm this finding. CONCLUSIONS: We identified factors related with venous involvement in patients included in the REGEB cohort.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29660074

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effect that triple therapy (anticoagulation plus CS plus plasma exchange and/or IVIGs) has on the mortality risk of patients with catastrophic APS (CAPS) included in the CAPS Registry. Methods: Patients from the CAPS Registry were grouped based on their treatments: triple therapy; drugs included in the triple therapy but in different combinations; and none of the treatments included in the triple therapy. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to compare mortality risk between groups. Results: The CAPS Registry cohort included 525 episodes of CAPS accounting for 502 patients. After excluding 54 episodes (10.3%), a total of 471 patients with CAPS were included [mean (s.d.) age 38.5 years (17); 68.2% female; primary APS patients 62%]. Overall, 174 (36.9%) patients died. Triple therapy was prescribed in 189 episodes (40.1%), other combinations in 270 (57.3%) and none of those treatments in 12 episodes (2.5%); the mortality rate in the three groups was 28.6, 41.1 and 75%, respectively. Triple therapy was positively associated with a higher chance of survival when compared with non-treatment [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 9.7, 95% CI: 2.3, 40.6] or treatment with other combinations of drugs included in the triple therapy (adjusted OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.2, 2.6). No statistical differences were found between patients that received triple therapy with plasma exchange or IVIGs (P = 0.92). Conclusion: Triple therapy is independently associated with a higher survival rate among patients with CAPS.

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