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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388535

RESUMO

FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutation refine prognostic stratification in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with intermediate-risk cytogenetics. However, data on their role in patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (Auto-SCT) as post-remission therapy (PRT) are limited. We therefore sought to retrospectively evaluate the role of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 in a cohort of AML patients (n = 405) with intermediate-risk cytogenetics, autografted in first complete remission (CR1). Patients were transplanted between 2000 and 2014 and reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry. Leukemia-free survival (LFS) was the primary outcome. Median follow-up was 5.5 years. FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1WT was the leading molecular subtype (50%), followed by FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1mut (30%). In the univariate analysis, molecular subtype was associated with LFS, overall survival (OS), and relapse incidence (RI) (p < 0.001); 5-year LFS: FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1mut 62%, FLT3-ITDpos/NPM1mut 38%, FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1WT 32%, and FLT3-ITDpos/NPM1WT 21%. At 5 years, OS and RI in the FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1mut subtype were 74% and 35%, respectively. The corresponding OS and RI in other subtypes were below 48% and over 57%. In a Cox multivariable model, molecular subtype was the strongest predictor of LFS, OS, and relapse. In conclusion, AML patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics and FLT3-ITDneg/NPM1mut experience favorable outcomes when autografted in CR1, suggesting that Auto-SCT is a valid PRT option.

2.
Haematologica ; 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241850

RESUMO

The FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene is mutated in 25-30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia . Because of the poor prognosis associated with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication mutated Acute myeloid leukemia, allogeneic-hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation was commonly performed in first complete remission. Remarkable progress has been made in frontline treatments with the incorporation of FLT3 inhibitors and the development of highly sensitive minimal/measurable residual disease assays. Similarly, recent progress in allogeneic-hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation includes improvement of transplant techniques, the use of haplo-identical donors in patients lacking an HLA matched donor, and the introduction of FLT3 inhibitors as posttransplant maintenance therapy. Nevertheless, current transplant strategies vary between centers and differ in terms of transplant indications based on the internal tandem duplication allelic ratio and concomitant nucleophosmin-1 mutation, as well as in terms of post-transplant maintenance/consolidation. This review generated by international leukemia or transplant experts, mostly from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, attempts to develop a position statement on best approaches for allogeneic-hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia with FMS-like tyrosine kinase internal tandem duplication including indications and modalities of allogeneic-hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation and on potential optimization of post-transplant maintenance with FMS-like tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

3.
Eur J Haematol ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243655

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inv(3)(q21q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) is a rare poor prognosis cytogenetic abnormality present in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and other myeloid neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of a cohort of 61 patients with newly diagnosed AML with inv(3)/t(3;3) treated with homogeneous intensive chemotherapy protocols conducted by the Spanish PETHEMA and CETLAM cooperative groups between 1999 and 2017. METHODS: In this retrospective study the main clinical and biologic parameters were collected. The complete response (CR) rate, the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and the overall survival (OS) were calculated. An analysis of prognostic factors for survival was performed. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients received induction and only 18 (29%) achieved CR (median age, 46 years). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) was performed in 36 patients (59%), 15 with active disease. One and 4-year CIR were 52% and 56%. One and 4-year OS probabilities were 41% and 13%. By multivariate analysis monosomal karyotype (MK) was associated with poorer OS (HR 2.0, p=0.017). CONCLUSION: Inv(3)/t(3;3) AML is a poor prognosis entity with low response to standard chemotherapy and to alloHSCT because of frequent and early relapse. MK was associated with a poorer prognosis. Improved therapeutic strategies are clearly needed.

5.
Future Oncol ; 16(13): 807-815, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167393

RESUMO

Patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (R/R AML) have a poor prognosis, with a high unmet medical need. Idasanutlin is a small-molecule inhibitor of MDM2, a negative regulator of tumor suppressor p53. By preventing the p53-MDM2 interaction, idasanutlin allows for p53 activation, particularly in patients with TP53 wild-type (WT) status. MIRROS (NCT02545283) is a randomized Phase III trial evaluating idasanutlin + cytarabine versus placebo + cytarabine in R/R AML. The primary end point is overall survival in the TP53-WT population. Secondary end points include complete remission rate (cycle 1), overall remission rate (cycle 1) and event-free survival in the TP53-WT population. MIRROS has an innovative design that integrates a stringent interim analysis for futility; continuation criteria were met in mid-2017 and accrual is ongoing. Trial registration number: NCT02545283.

6.
Leukemia ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152464

RESUMO

The treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is adjusted according to cytogenetic risk factors and molecular markers. Cytarabine remains the main drug to treat AML, and several studies have explored the prognostic relevance of the genotype of cytarabine metabolizing enzymes in AML. Glucuronidation has been identified to be relevant in the cytarabine clearance, but there are still few data concerning the clinical impact of genetic polymorphisms known to condition the activity of UDP-glucuronosyl transferases in AML patients. Here we report the association between the UGT1A1 rs8175347 genotype and the clinical outcome of 455 intermediate-risk cytogenetic AML patients receiving cytarabine-based chemotherapy. Patients with the UGT1A1*28 homozygous variant (associated to a lower UGT1A1 activity) had a lower overall survival (OS) (25.8% vs. 45.5%; p: 0.004). Multivariate analysis confirmed this association (p: 0.008; HR: 1.79; 95% CI: 1.16-2.76). Subgroup analysis showed the negative effect of the UGT1A1*28 homozygous genotype on OS in women (14.8% vs. 52.7%; p: 0.001) but not in men. This lower OS was associated with longer neutropenia after consolidation chemotherapy and with higher mortality without previous relapse, suggesting an association between a low glucuronidation activity and mortal toxic events.

7.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020596

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with t(6;9)(p23;q34) is a poor-risk entity, commonly associated with FLT3-ITD (internal tandem duplication). Allogeneic stem-cell tranplantation (allo-SCT) is recommended, although studies analysing the outcome of allo-SCT in this setting are lacking. We selected 195 patients with t(6;9) AML, who received a first allo-SCT between 2000 and 2016 from the EBMT (European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation) registry. Disease status at time of allo-SCT was the strongest independent prognostic factor, with a two-year leukaemia-free survival and relapse incidence of 57% and 19% in patients in CR1 (first complete remission), 34% and 33% in CR2 (second complete remission), and 24% and 49% in patients not in remission, respectively (P < 0·001). This study, which represents the largest one available in t(6;9) AML, supports the recommendation to submit these patients to allo-SCT in CR1.

8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(3): 675, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002657

RESUMO

After publication of this paper, the authors determined that an additional information in the funding section was missing.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996792

RESUMO

To address limitations of the currently used reduced-intensity/myeloablative conditioning (RIC/MAC) classification scheme we aimed to develop a tool that can capture more standardized the conditioning intensity of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We assigned intensity weight scores for frequently used conditioning regimen components and used their sum to generate the transplant conditioning intensity (TCI) score. We retrospectively tested the impact of TCI on 8255 adult (45-65 years) acute myeloid leukemia patients who underwent HCT in first complete remission. A Cox model for early nonrelapse mortality (NRM) yielded a 3-group TCI risk scheme (low, intermediate, high) with respective TCI scores of [1-2], [2.5-3.5] and [4-6]. On multivariate modeling, TCI grouping was highly and better predictive for early (day 100 and 180) NRM, 2-year NRM and relapse (REL) as compared with the RIC/MAC classification. Validation was done on 200 bootstrap samples. Moreover, TCI scoring enabled the identification of a distinct subgroup of RIC and MAC conditioning regimens with an intermediate TCI [2.5-3.5] score that had identical outcomes and which are frequently referred as "reduced toxicity conditioning". TCI scheme provides an improvement of the RIC/MAC classification. We propose TCI as a new tool to define and measure the conditioning regimen intensity.

10.
Haematologica ; 105(2): 414-423, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048355

RESUMO

Deletion 5q or monosomy 5 (-5/5q-) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a common high-risk feature that is referred to allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, -5/5q- is frequently associated with other high-risk cytogenetic aberrations such as complex karyotype, monosomal karyotype, monosomy 7 (-7), or 17p abnormalities (abn (17p)), the significance of which is unknown. In order to address this question, we studied adult patients with AML harboring -5/5q- having their first allogeneic transplantation between 2000 and 2015. Five hundred and one patients with -5/5q- have been analyzed. Three hundred and thirty-eight patients (67%) were in first remission and 142 (28%) had an active disease at time of allogeneic transplantation. The 2-year probabilities of overall survival and leukemia-free survival were 27% and 20%, respectively. The 2-year probability of treatment-related mortality was 20%. We identified four different cytogenetic groups according to additional abnormalities with prognostic impact: -5/5q- without complex karyotype, monosomal karyotype or abn(17p), -5/5q- within a complex karyotype, -5/5q- within a monosomal karyotype and the combination of -5/5q- with abn(17p). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with worse overall survival and leukemia-free survival across the four groups were active disease, age, monosomal karyotype, and abn(17p). The presence of -5/5q- without monosomal karyotype or abn(17p) was associated with a significantly better survival rate while -5/5q- in conjunction with monosomal karyotype or abn(17p) translated into a worse outcome. The patients harboring the combination of -5/5q- with abn(17p) showed very limited benefit from allogeneic transplantation.

11.
Haematologica ; 105(1): 47-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537691

RESUMO

Donor lymphocyte infusion has been used in the management of relapsed hematologic malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. It can eradicate minimal residual disease or be used to rescue a hematologic relapse, being able to induce durable remissions in a subset of patients. With the increased use of haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation, there is renewed interest in the use of donor lymphocytes to either treat or prevent disease relapse post transplant. Published retrospective and small prospective studies have shown encouraging results with therapeutic donor lymphocyte infusion in different haploidentical transplantation platforms. In this consensus paper, finalized on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, we summarize the available evidence on the use of donor lymphocyte infusion from haploidentical donor, and provide recommendations on its therapeutic, pre-emptive and prophylactic use in clinical practice.

12.
Eur J Haematol ; 104(3): 162-169, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The obesity/overweight may have an influence on APL outcomes. METHODS: This is the biggest multicentre analysis on 1320 APL patients treated with AIDA-induction and risk-adapted consolidation between 1996 and 2012. Patients body mass index (BMI) was classified as underweight (<18.5 kg/m2 ), normal (18.5-25 kg/m2 ), overweight (25-29.9 kg/m2 ), and obese (≥30 kg/m2 ) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Relationship between male gender, older age, and other known laboratory abnormalities in overweight/obese patients was significant. The induction mortality rate was significantly higher in APL with BMI ≥25 vs BMI <25 (10% vs 6%; P = .04). APL patients with BMI ≥25 had a trend to lower OS (74% vs 80%; P = .06). However, in the multivariate analysis, BMI did not retain the independent predictive value (P = .46). There was no higher incidence of differentiation syndrome with BMI ≥25, but there was a trend in obese. There was no difference in relapse rate according to the BMI. In summary, overweight/obesity does not represent an independent risk factor for APL outcomes. The influence of obesity in APL patients treated with chemotherapy-free regimens remains to be established.

13.
Am J Hematol ; 95(3): 282-294, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876307

RESUMO

Monosomy 7 or deletion 7q (-7/7q-) is the most frequent adverse cytogenetic features reported in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and is a common indication for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Nevertheless, -7/7q- occurs frequently with other high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities such as complex karyotype (CK), monosomal karyotype (MK), monosomy 5 or deletion 5q (-5/5q-), 17p abnormalities (abn(17p)) or inversion of chromosome 3 (inv(3)), the presence of which may influence the outcomes after SCT. A total of 1109 patients were allocated to this study. Two-year probability of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 30% and 36%, respectively. Two-year probability of non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 20%. We defined five different cytogenetic subgroups: the "-7/7q- ± CK group- designated group1," the "MK group-designated group 2," the "-5/5q- group- designated group 3," the "abn(17p) group- designated group 4" and the "inv(3) group- designated group 5." The 2-year probability of LFS in first remission was 48% for group 1, 36.4% for group 2, 28.4% for group 3, 19.1% for group 4 and 17.3% for group 5, respectively (P < .001). Multivariate analysis confirmed those significant differences across groups. Note, SCT in -7/7q- AML provides durable responses in one third of the patients. The presence of -7/7q- with or without CK in the absence of MK, abn(17p) or inv(3) is associated with a better survival after SCT. On the contrary, addition of MK, -5/5q-, abn(17p) or inv(3) identifies a sub-group of patients with poor prognosis even after SCT.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 7/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(11): 2467-2483, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667544

RESUMO

A significant proportion of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) fail to achieve complete remission or will relapse later on after achieving it. Prognosis for relapsed or refractory (R/R) AML patients remains discouraging, with the main curative option still relying on hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) for those who are eligible. Beyond morphological bone marrow and peripheral blood assessment, evaluation of patient performance status and comorbidities, as well as genetic/molecular characterization, is crucial to make an accurate diagnosis and prognosis, which will be useful to select the most appropriate treatment. Emerging strategies are mainly focusing on the development of immune- and molecular-based approaches. Novel targeted therapies are generally well tolerated, potentially allowing them to be administered alone or in combination with classical chemotherapy agents. Enrolment in clinical trials should be considered first option for R/R AML patients, either as a bridge to HSCT or to benefit from novel therapies that eventually may prolong survival and improve quality of life. An Iberian expert panel has reviewed the recent advances in the management of R/R AML with the aim to develop updated evidence and expert opinion-based recommendations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Terapias em Estudo , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Antineoplásicos/classificação , Terapia Combinada , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Gerenciamento Clínico , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Leukemia ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728052

RESUMO

Measurable residual disease (MRD) status pre-allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) has been shown to predict transplant outcomes. We investigated the effect of Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (ATG) on acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) relapse by pretransplant MRD status. AML patients undergoing allo-HCT in first complete remission from either a matched sibling or unrelated donor during the 2006-2017 period were selected. Outcomes of 1509 patients (MRD+, n = 426) were studied. ATG was used in 561 (52%) and 239 (58%) patients within the MRD- and MRD+ cohorts, respectively. In MRD- patients, ATG did not affect relapse incidence (RI) (HR = 0.80, p = 0.17), but was associated with reduced incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD, grade II-IV and chronic GVHD, reduced nonrelapse mortality (HR = 0.66, p = 0.05), improved leukemia-free survival (HR = 0.74, p = 0.02), overall survival (HR = 0.69, p = 0.01), and GVHD-relapse free survival (HR = 0.62, p < 0.01). In MRD+ patients, ATG was associated with a lower incidence of chronic GVHD (total, HR 0.56 p = 0.03; extensive, HR 0.40 P = 0.01), without an impact on other allo-HCT outcome parameters, including RI(HR = 1.02, p = 0.92). The use of ATG was associated with reduced risk for GVHD. ATG did not increase RI, even in high-risk AML patients who were MRD+ before allo-HCT.

16.
EBioMedicine ; 47: 221-234, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite great efforts to identify druggable molecular targets for AML, there remains an unmet need for more effective therapies. METHODS: An in silico screening was performed using Connectivity Maps to identify FDA-approved drugs that may revert an early leukaemic transformation gene signature. Hit compounds were validated in AML cell lines. Cytotoxic effects were assessed both in primary AML patient samples and healthy donor blood cells. Xenotransplantation assays were undertaken to determine the effect on engraftment of hit compounds. The mechanism of action responsible for the antileukaemic effect was studied focussing on lysosomes and mitochondria. FINDINGS: We identified a group of antihistamines (termed ANHAs) with distinct physicochemical properties associated with their cationic-amphiphilic nature, that selectively killed leukaemic cells. ANHAs behaved as antileukaemic agents against primary AML samples ex vivo, sparing healthy cells. Moreover, ANHAs severely impaired the in vivo leukaemia regeneration capacity. ANHAs' cytotoxicity relied on simultaneous mitochondrial and lysosomal disruption and induction of autophagy and apoptosis. The pharmacological effect was exerted based on their physicochemical properties that permitted the passive targeting of both organelles, without the involvement of active molecular recognition. INTERPRETATION: Dual targeting of lysosomes and mitochondria constitutes a new promising therapeutic approach for leukaemia treatment, supporting the further clinical development. FUND: This work was funded by the Fundación Mutua Madrileña (RMR), CaixaImpulse (RMR), the Spanish Ministry of Economy (RMR), the Josep Carreras International Leukaemia Foundation (RMR), l'Obra Social "La Caixa" (RMR), and Generalitat de Catalunya (IJC).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/farmacologia , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Biomarcadores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/química , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2389-2398, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392462

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is considered an effective way to prevent relapse in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This study aimed to assess general trends in the use of various types of HSCTs performed between 2001 and 2015 in Europe, based on data reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. We also evaluated HSCT rates with respect to ALL incidence in selected countries. Altogether, 15,346 first allogeneic (n = 13,460) or autologous (n = 1886) HSCTs were performed in the study period. Comparing 2013-2015 and 2001-2003, the number of allogeneic HSCTs performed in first complete remission increased by 136%, most prominently for transplantations from unrelated (272%) and mismatched related donors (339%). The number of HSCTs from matched sibling donors increased by 42%, while the total number of autologous HSCTs decreased by 70%. Increased use of allogeneic HSCT was stronger for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive (166%) than for Ph-negative ALL (38%) and for patients aged > 55 years (599%) than for younger adults (59%). The proportion of allogeneic HSCT with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) increased from 6 to 27%. The age-standardized rates of allogeneic HSCT per ALL incidence varied strongly among countries. Our analysis showed a continued trend toward increased allogeneic HSCT use for adults with ALL, which may be attributed to increasing availability of unrelated donors, wider use of RIC regimens, and improving efficacy of pretransplant therapy, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors for Ph-positive ALL. Allogeneic HSCT remains a major tool in the fight against ALL in adults.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/tendências , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Sociedades Médicas
18.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2319-2328, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396671

RESUMO

Triple-negative primary myelofibrosis (TN-PMF) and other myeloid neoplasms with associated bone marrow fibrosis such as the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS-F) or the myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN-F) are rare entities, often difficult to distinguish from each other. Thirty-four patients previously diagnosed with TN-PMF (n = 14), MDS-F (n = 18), or MDS/MPN-F (n = 2) were included in the present study. After central revision of the bone marrow histology, diagnoses according to the 2016-WHO classification were TN-PMF (n = 6), MDS-F (n = 19), and MDS/MPN-F (n = 9), with TN-PMF genotype representing only 4% of a cohort of 141 molecularly annotated PMF. Genomic classification according to next-generation sequencing and cytogenetic study was performed in 28 cases. Median number of mutations was 4 (range 1-7) in cases with TP53 disruption/aneuploidy or with chromatin-spliceosome mutations versus 1 mutation (range 0-2) in other molecular subgroups (p < 0.0001). The number of mutations and the molecular classification were better than PMF and MDS conventional scoring systems to predict survival and progression to acute leukemia. In conclusion, TN-PMF is an uncommon entity when the 2016 WHO criteria are strictly applied. Genomic classification may help in the prognostic assessment of patients with myeloid neoplasms with bone marrow fibrosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Mutação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/classificação , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/classificação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/classificação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Mielofibrose Primária/classificação , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Mielofibrose Primária/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439677

RESUMO

Core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia comprises two subtypes with distinct cytogenetic abnormalities of either t(8;21)(q22;q22) or inv(16)(p13q22)/t(16;16)(p13;q22). Since long-term response to chemotherapy in those leukemias is relatively good, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered in patients who relapse and achieve second complete remission. To evaluate the outcomes of allogeneic transplantation in this indication, we studied 631 patients in reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry between the years 2000 and 2014. Leukemia-free survival probabilities at 2 and 5 years were 59.1% and 54.1%, while overall survival probabilities were 65% and 58.2% respectively. The incidence of relapse and risk of non-relapse mortality at the same time-points were 19.8% and 22.5% for relapse and 20.9% and 23.3% for non-relapse mortality respectively. The most important adverse factors influencing leukemia-free and overall survival were leukemia with t(8;21), presence of 3 or more additional chromosomal abnormalities and Karnofsky performance score <80. Relapse risk was increased in t(8;21) leukemia and associated with additional cytogenetic abnormalities as well as reduced intensity conditioning. Measurable residual disease in molecular evaluation before transplantation was associated with increased risk of relapse and inferior leukemia-free survival.

20.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 58(11): 815-819, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340073

RESUMO

Minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment is an essential tool in contemporary acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) protocols, being used for therapeutic decisions such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in high-risk patients. However, a significant proportion of adult ALL patients with negative MRD still relapse suggesting that other factors (ie, molecular alterations) must be considered in order to identify those patients with high risk of disease progression. We have identified partial IKZF1 gene deletions and CDKN2A/B deletions as markers of disease recurrence and poor survival in a series of uniformly treated adolescent and adult Philadelphia chromosome-negative B-cell progenitor ALL patients treated according to the Programa Español de Tratamientos en Hematología protocols. Importantly, CDKN2A/B deletions showed independent significance of MRD at the end of induction, which points out the need for treatment intensification in these patients despite being MRD-negative after induction therapy.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/metabolismo , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Prognóstico , Recidiva
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