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Eur J Med Chem ; 190: 112090, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018096


New multi-target indole and naphthalene derivatives containing the oxadiazolone scaffold as a bioisostere of the melatonin acetamido group have been developed. The novel compounds were characterized at melatonin receptors MT1R and MT2R, quinone reductase 2 (QR2), lipoxygenase-5 (LOX-5), and monoamine oxidases (MAO-A and MAO-B), and also as radical scavengers. We found that selectivity within the oxadiazolone series can be modulated by modifying the side chain functionality and co-planarity with the indole or naphthalene ring. In phenotypic assays, several oxadiazolone-based derivatives induced signalling mediated by the transcription factor NRF2 and promoted the maturation of neural stem-cells into a neuronal phenotype. Activation of NRF2 could be due to the binding of indole derivatives to KEAP1, as deduced from surface plasmon resonance (SPR) experiments. Molecular modelling studies using the crystal structures of QR2 and the KEAP1 Kelch-domain, as well as the recently described X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) structures of chimeric MT1R and MT2R, provided a rationale for the experimental data and afforded valuable insights for future drug design endeavours.

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 712-727, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852270


The design of multi-target directed ligands (MTDLs) is a valid approach for obtaining effective drugs for complex pathologies. MTDLs that combine neuro-repair properties and block the first steps of neurotoxic cascades could be the so long wanted remedies to treat neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). By linking two privileged scaffolds with well-known activities in ND-targets, the flavonoid and the N,N-dibenzyl(N-methyl)amine (DBMA) fragments, new CNS-permeable flavonoid - DBMA hybrids (1-13) were obtained. They were subjected to biological evaluation in a battery of targets involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other NDs, namely human cholinesterases (hAChE/hBuChE), ß-secretase (hBACE-1), monoamine oxidases (hMAO-A/B), lipoxygenase-5 (hLOX-5) and sigma receptors (σ1R/σ2R). After a funnel-type screening, 6,7-dimethoxychromone - DBMA (6) was highlighted due to its neurogenic properties and an interesting MTD-profile in hAChE, hLOX-5, hBACE-1 and σ1R. Molecular dynamic simulations showed the most relevant drug-protein interactions of hybrid 6, which could synergistically contribute to neuronal regeneration and block neurodegeneration.

Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metilaminas/farmacologia , Regeneração Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Butirilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Masculino , Metilaminas/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química
Eur J Med Chem ; 156: 534-553, 2018 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30025348


In this work we describe neurogenic and neuroprotective donepezil-flavonoid hybrids (DFHs), exhibiting nanomolar affinities for the sigma-1 receptor (σ1R) and inhibition of key enzymes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), such as acetylcholinesterase (AChE), 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), and monoamine oxidases (MAOs). In general, new compounds scavenge free radical species, are predicted to be brain-permeable, and protect neuronal cells against mitochondrial oxidative stress. N-(2-(1-Benzylpiperidin-4-yl)ethyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxamide (18) is highlighted due to its interesting biological profile in σ1R, AChE, 5-LOX, MAO-A and MAO-B. In phenotypic assays, it protects a neuronal cell line against mitochondrial oxidative stress and promotes maturation of neural stem cells into a neuronal phenotype, which could contribute to the reparation of neuronal tissues. Molecular modelling studies of 18 in AChE, 5-LOX and σ1R revealed the main interactions with these proteins, which will be further exploited in the optimization of new, more efficient DFHs.

Doença de Alzheimer/enzimologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Indanos/farmacologia , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Receptores sigma/metabolismo , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Donepezila , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Indanos/química , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/química , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/química , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Piperidinas/química