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1.
Am Surg ; : 31348221129519, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Race is associated with differences in quality of care process measures and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in trauma patients. We aimed to investigate if racial disparities exist in the administration of VTE prophylaxis in trauma patients. METHODS: We queried the Trauma Quality Improvement Project database from 2017 to 2019. Patients ages ≥16 years old with ISS ≥15 were included. Patients with no signs of life on arrival, any AIS ≥6, hospital length of stay <1 day, anticoagulant use before admission, or without recorded race were excluded. Patients were grouped by race: white, black, Asian, American Indian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. The association between VTE prophylaxis administration and race was determined using a Poisson regression model with robust standard errors to adjust for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 285,341 patients were included. Black patients had the highest rates of VTE prophylaxis exposure (73.8%), shortest time to administration (1.6 days), and highest use of low molecular weight heparin (56%). Black patients also had the highest incidence of deep vein thrombosis (2.8%) and pulmonary embolism (1.4%). Black patients were 4% more likely to receive VTE prophylaxis than white patients [adj. IRR (95% CI): 1.04 (1.03-1.05), P < .001]. American Indians were 8% less likely to receive VTE prophylaxis [adj. IRR (95% CI): .92 (.88-.97), P < .001] than white patients. No differences between white and Asian or Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander patients existed. DISCUSSION: While black patients had the highest incidence of DVT and PE, they had higher administration rates and earlier initiation of VTE prophylaxis. Further work can elucidate modifiable causes of these differences.

2.
JAMA Surg ; 157(9): 771-778, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830194

RESUMO

Importance: Abdominal seat belt sign (SBS) has historically entailed admission and observation because of the diagnostic limitations of computed tomography (CT) imaging and high rates of hollow viscus injury (HVI). Recent single-institution, observational studies have questioned the utility of this practice. Objective: To evaluate whether a negative CT scan can safely predict the absence of HVI in the setting of an abdominal SBS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective, observational cohort study was conducted in 9 level I trauma centers between August 2020 and October 2021 and included adult trauma patients with abdominal SBS. Exposures: Inclusion in the study required abdominal CT as part of the initial trauma evaluation and before any surgical intervention, if performed. Results of CT scans were considered positive if they revealed any of the following: abdominal wall soft tissue contusion, free fluid, bowel wall thickening, mesenteric stranding, mesenteric hematoma, bowel dilation, pneumatosis, or pneumoperitoneum. Main Outcomes and Measures: Presence of HVI diagnosed at the time of operative intervention. Results: A total of 754 patients with abdominal SBS had an HVI prevalence of 9.2% (n = 69), with only 1 patient with HVI (0.1%) having a negative CT (ie, none of the 8 a priori CT findings). On bivariate analysis comparing patients with and without HVI, there were significant associations between each of the individual CT scan findings and the presence of HVI. The strongest association was found with the presence of free fluid, with a more than 40-fold increase in the likelihood of HVI (odds ratio [OR], 42.68; 95% CI, 20.48-88.94; P < .001). The presence of free fluid also served as the most effective binary classifier for presence of HVI (area under the receiver operator characteristic curve [AUC], 0.87; 95% CI, 0.83-0.91). There was also an association between a negative CT scan and the absence of HVI (OR, 41.09; 95% CI, 9.01-727.69; P < .001; AUC, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.66-0.70). Conclusions and Relevance: The prevalence of HVI among patients with an abdominal SBS and negative findings on CT is extremely low, if not zero. The practice of admitting and observing all patients with abdominal SBS should be reconsidered when a high-quality CT scan is negative, which may lead to significant resource and cost savings.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Cintos de Segurança , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/etiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Cintos de Segurança/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Am Surg ; 88(5): 953-958, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35275764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) has developed a grading system for emergency general surgery (EGS) conditions. We sought to validate the AAST EGS grades for patients undergoing urgent/emergent colorectal resection. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the "Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multicenter Colorectal Resection in EGS-to anastomose or not to anastomose" study undergoing urgent/emergent surgery for obstruction, ischemia, or diverticulitis were included. Baseline demographics, comorbidity severity as defined by Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), procedure type, and AAST grade were prospectively collected. Outcomes included length of stay (LOS) in-hospital mortality, and surgical complications (superficial/deep/organ-space surgical site infection, anastomotic leak, stoma complication, fascial dehiscence, and need for further intervention). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to describe outcomes and risk factors for surgical complication or mortality. RESULTS: There were 367 patients, with a mean (± SD) age of 62 ± 15 years. 39% were women. The median interquartile range (IQR) CCI was 4 (2-6). Overall, the pathologies encompassed the following AAST EGS grades: I (17, 5%), II (54, 15%), III (115, 31%), IV (95, 26%), and V (86, 23%). Management included laparoscopic (24, 7%), open (319, 87%), and laparoscopy converted to laparotomy (24, 6%). Higher AAST grade was associated with laparotomy (P = .01). The median LOS was 13 days (8-22). At least 1 surgical complication occurred in 33% of patients and the mortality rate was 14%. Development of at least 1 surgical complication, need for unplanned intervention, mortality, and increased LOS were associated with increasing AAST severity grade. On multivariable analysis, factors predictive of in-hospital mortality included AAST organ grade, CCI, and preoperative vasopressor use (odds ratio (OR) 1.9, 1.6, 3.1, respectively). The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma emergency general surgery grade was also associated with the development of at least 1 surgical complication (OR 2.5), while CCI, preoperative vasopressor use, respiratory failure, and pneumoperitoneum were not. CONCLUSION: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma emergency general surgery grading systems display construct validity for mortality and surgical complications after urgent/emergent colorectal resection. These results support incorporation of AAST EGS grades for quality benchmarking and surgical outcomes research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Geral , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
4.
Surg Endosc ; 36(6): 4189-4198, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668066

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: YouTube is the most used platform for case preparation by surgical trainees. Despite its popular use, studies have noted limitations in surgical technique, safety, and vetting of these videos. This study identified the most viewed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) videos on YouTube and analyzed the ability of attendings, residents, and medical students to identify critical portions of the procedure, technique, and limitations of the videos. METHODS: An incognito search was conducted on YouTube using the term "laparoscopic cholecystectomy." Results were screened for length, publication date, and language. The top ten most viewed videos were presented to general surgery attendings, residents, and medical students at a single academic institution. Established rubrics were used for evaluation, including the Critical View of Safety (CVS) for LC, a modified Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS) score, a task-specific checklist, and visual analog scales for case difficulty and operator competence. Educational quality and likelihood of video recommendation for case preparation were evaluated using a Likert scale. Attending assessments were considered the gold standard. RESULTS: Six attending surgeons achieved excellent internal consistency on CVS, educational quality, and likelihood of recommendation scales, with Cronbach alpha (⍺) of 0.93, 0.92, and 0.92, respectively. ⍺ was ≥ 0.7 in all the other scales measured. Attending evaluations revealed that only one of the ten videos attained all three established CVS criteria. Four videos demonstrated none of the CVS criteria. The mean educational quality (mEQ) was 4.63 on a 10-point scale. The mean likelihood of recommendation (mLoR) for case preparation was 2.3 on a 5-point scale. Senior resident assessments (Postgraduate Year (PGY)4 + , n = 12) aligned with attending surgeons, with no statistically significant differences in CVS attainment, mEQ, and mLoR. Junior residents (PGY1-3, n = 17) and medical students (MS3-4, n = 20) exhibited significant difference with attendings in CVS attainment, mEQ, and mLoR for more than half the videos. Both groups tended to overrate videos compared to attendings. CONCLUSION: YouTube is the most popular unvetted resource used for case presentation by surgical trainees. Attending evaluations revealed that the most viewed LC videos on YouTube did not attain the CVS, and were deemed as inappropriate for case preparation, with low educational value. Senior resident video assessments closely aligned with attendings, while junior trainees were more likely to overstate video quality and value. Attending guidance and direction of trainees to high-quality, vetted resources for surgical case preparation is needed. This may also suggest a need for surgical societies with platforms for video sharing to prioritize the creation and dissemination of high-quality videos on easily accessible public platforms.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Laparoscopia , Mídias Sociais , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Laparoscopia/educação , Gravação em Vídeo/métodos
5.
J Emerg Med ; 61(1): 12-18, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The limitations of resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) after penetrating trauma have been well documented, but there is a paucity of data on the effect age has on mortality. This begs the question as to the utility of RT in an aging patient population. We investigate the significance of age as a predictor for failure to rescue after RT in penetrating trauma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify whether chronologic age has a measurable effect on rates of failure to rescue after RT. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis using the Trauma Quality Improvement Program from 2011 to 2015 including all pulseless patients undergoing RT after penetrating injury. Our primary outcome was failure to rescue defined as death in the emergency department after RT. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify the relationship between age and morality controlling for injury severity. RESULTS: One thousand one hundred twelve RTs were performed during the study period with an overall failure to rescue rate of 61.8% (n = 687) within the emergency department and an in-hospital mortality rate of 96.9%, which is in line with national data. On univariate analysis, there was no significant association between age and mortality (p = 0.44). On multivariate analysis examining the interaction between age and mortality adjusting for injury severity, we found that chronologic age was not an independent predictor of death after RT. CONCLUSIONS: Age does not appear to be an independent predictor of failure to rescue after RT in penetrating trauma and should not be a sole determinant in procedural decision making.


Assuntos
Toracotomia , Ferimentos Penetrantes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Ressuscitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
6.
Am Surg ; : 3134821995054, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic duodenal injury is a rare, potentially devastating condition with challenging management decisions. Contemporary literature on operative management of duodenal injury is lacking. The purpose of this study is to assess optimal management strategies based on outcomes of patients with traumatic duodenal injury at a single trauma center. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients with traumatic duodenal injury from 2013-2020 at a level 1 trauma center was performed. Patient demographics, grade of injury as noted on CT scan or intraoperatively, surgical procedure(s) performed, and resultant outcomes were extracted. RESULTS: After excluding one patient due to death on arrival, 23 patients met inclusion criteria. Injuries consisted of grade 1 (n = 7), grade 2 (n = 2), grade 3 (n = 12), and grade 5 (n = 2); there were no grade 4 injuries. Patients were predominantly male (83%) with a median age of 30 years old. Nineteen patients (82%) underwent surgery. Four of nine patients (44%) with grade 1/2 injuries had hematomas and were managed non-operatively. The remaining five patients (56%) with grade 1/2 injuries underwent operation, which included primary repair (n = 3), duodenal exclusion (n = 1), and periduodenal drainage (n = 1). Of 12 patients with grade 3 injury, 6 underwent primary repair and 6 underwent resection. Three patients who underwent primary repair and one who underwent resection developed a duodenal leak. All patients with grade 5 injury (n = 2) underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. CONCLUSION: Grade 1 and 2 duodenal hematomas can be managed non-operatively, while lacerations require operative repair. Outcomes may be better following resection in patients with grade 3 injury.

7.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 90(4): 652-658, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Firearm injury remains a public health crisis. Whereas there have been studies evaluating causes of death in victims of civilian public mass shootings (CPMSs), there are no large studies evaluating injuries sustained and treatments rendered in survivors. The purpose of this study was to describe these characteristics to inform ideal preparation for these events. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective study of CPMS survivors who were treated at designated trauma centers from July 1, 1999 to December 31, 2017, was performed. Prehospital and hospital variables were collected. Data are reported as median (25th percentile, 75th percentile interquartile range), and statistical analyses were carried out using Mann-Whitney U, χ2, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Patients who died before discharge from the hospital were excluded. RESULTS: Thirty-one events involving 191 patients were studied. The median number of patients seen per event was 20 (5, 106), distance to each hospital was 6 (6, 10) miles, time to arrival was 56 (37, 90) minutes, number of wounds per patient was 1 (1, 2), and Injury Severity Score was 5 (1, 17). The most common injuries were extremity fracture (37%) and lung parenchyma (14%). Twenty-nine percent of patients did not receive paramedic-level prehospital treatment. Following arrival to the hospital, 27% were discharged from the emergency department, 32% were taken directly to the operating room/interventional radiology, 16% were admitted to the intensive care unit, and 25% were admitted to the ward. Forty percent did not require advanced treatment within 12 hours. The most common operations performed within 12 hours of arrival were orthopedic (15%) and laparotomy (15%). The most common specialties consulted were orthopedics (38%) and mental health (17%). CONCLUSION: Few CPMS survivors are critically injured. There is significant delay between shooting and transport. Revised triage criteria and a focus on rapid transport of the few severely injured patients are needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic/care management, level IV.


Assuntos
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Armas de Fogo , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Centros de Traumatologia , Triagem , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/diagnóstico , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Palliat Med ; 24(5): 668-672, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960125

RESUMO

Background: In 2017, the American College of Surgeons' Trauma Quality Improvement Program adopted a Palliative Care Best Practices Guidelines that calls for early palliative care for hospitalized injured patients. Objective: To develop an educational intervention to address the palliative needs of injured patients. Design: Palliative faculty presented a three-part monthly lecture series focused on core primary palliative skills, including the components of palliative care; conducting family conferences; communication skills for complex medical decision making; pain management; and, end-of-life planning. Additionally a palliative provider joined trauma team rounds every other week to highlight opportunities for enhanced palliative assessments, identify appropriate consults, and provide just-in-time teaching. Setting: Urban, level-1 trauma center. Measurements: Surgical residents completed a survey at the beginning and end of the academic year, during which the intervention took place. All survey questions were answered with a 5-point Likert scale. Rate of palliative care consultation was also tracked. Results: There were statistically significant perceived improvements in goals-of-care discussions (initial discussion-4.30 vs. 3.52, p = 0.4; follow-up discussion-3.89 vs. 3.05, p = 0.021) and documentation (3.89 vs. 2.9, p = 0.032), incorporation of patient preferences into decision making (4.20 vs. 3.43, p = 0.04), discussion of palliative needs during rounds (4.30 vs. 2.81; p < 0.001) and care transitions (3.90 vs. 3.05, p = 0.008), respect for decisions to forgo life-sustaining treatments (4.40 vs. 3.52, p = 0.004), and identification of advance directives (4.11 vs. 3.05, p = 0.002) and surrogate decision maker (4.44 vs. 3.60, p = 0.015). The overall rate of palliative specialist consultation also increased (8.4% vs. 16.1%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Embedding primary palliative education into usual didactic and rounding time for an inpatient trauma team is an effective way to help residents develop palliative skills and foster culture change. Educational partnerships such as this may serve as an example to other trauma programs.


Assuntos
Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Cuidados Paliativos , Adulto , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Melhoria de Qualidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta
9.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 89(6): 1023-1031, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evidence comparing stoma creation (STM) versus anastomosis after urgent or emergent colorectal resection is limited. This study examined outcomes after colorectal resection in emergency general surgery patients. METHODS: This was an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma-sponsored prospective observational multicenter study of patients undergoing urgent/emergent colorectal resection. Twenty-one centers enrolled patients for 11 months. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were recorded. χ, Mann-Whitney U test, and multivariable logistic regression models were used to describe outcomes and risk factors for surgical complication/mortality. RESULTS: A total of 439 patients were enrolled (ANST, 184; STM, 255). The median (interquartile range) age was 62 (53-71) years, and the median Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was 4 (1-6). The most common indication for surgery was diverticulitis (28%). Stoma group was older (64 vs. 58 years, p < 0.001), had a higher CCI, and were more likely to be immunosuppressed. Preoperatively, STM patients were more likely to be intubated (57 vs. 15, p < 0.001), on vasopressors (61 vs. 13, p < 0.001), have pneumoperitoneum (131 vs. 41, p < 0.001) or fecal contamination (114 vs. 33, p < 0.001), and had a higher incidence of elevated lactate (149 vs. 67, p < 0.001). Overall mortality was 13%, which was higher in STM patients (18% vs. 8%, p = 0.02). Surgical complications were more common in STM patients (35% vs. 25%, p = 0.02). On multivariable analysis, management with an open abdomen, intraoperative blood transfusion, and larger hospital size were associated with development of a surgical complication, while CCI, preoperative vasopressor use, steroid use, open abdomen, and intraoperative blood transfusion were independently associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: This study highlights a tendency to perform fecal diversion in patients who are acutely ill at presentation. There is a higher morbidity and mortality rate in STM patients. Independent predictors of mortality include CCI, preoperative vasopressor use, steroid use, open abdomen, and intraoperative blood transfusion. Following adjustment by clinical factors, method of colon management was not associated with surgical complications or mortality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, level IV.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Colorretal/educação , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colectomia/educação , Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Emergências , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(2)2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060109

RESUMO

Management of a ruptured hepatocellular adenoma during pregnancy is a rare and potentially life-threatening entity. Few case reports have described management of the pregnant patient who presents in haemorrhagic shock secondary to a ruptured liver adenoma. A 30-year-old primigravid woman at 31 weeks pregnant presented with abdominal pain and fetal bradycardia. After stat caesarean delivery of the infant, she had continued hemoperitoneum and was in shock secondary to an undiagnosed ruptured liver mass. General surgery was consulted intraoperatively and performed an exploratory laparotomy, packing and temporary closure. She was subsequently taken to interventional radiology (IR) for angioembolisation of the left hepatic artery. After stabilisation, she underwent formal abdominal closure. Management of a ruptured hepatocellular adenoma in pregnancy requires urgent multidisciplinary care including obstetrics gynaecology, general surgery and IR.


Assuntos
Adenoma de Células Hepáticas/complicações , Hemoperitônio/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Ruptura Espontânea/complicações , Choque Hemorrágico/etiologia , Adenoma de Células Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Cesárea , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hemoperitônio/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Ruptura Espontânea/cirurgia , Choque Hemorrágico/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Am Coll Surg ; 229(3): 244-251, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence and severity of civilian public mass shooting (CPMS) events continue to rise. Understanding the wounding pattern and incidence of potentially preventable death (PPD) after CPMS is key to updating prehospital response strategy. METHODS: A retrospective study of autopsy reports after CPMS events identified via the Federal Bureau of Investigation CPMS database from December 1999 to December 31, 2017 was performed. Sites of injury, fatal injury, and incidence of PPD were determined independently by a multidisciplinary panel composed of trauma surgery, emergency medicine, critical care paramedicine, and forensic pathology. RESULTS: Nineteen events including 213 victims were reviewed. Mean number of gunshot wounds per victim was 4.1. Sixty-four percent of gunshots were to the head and torso. The most common cause of death was brain injury (52%). Only 12% (26 victims) were transported to the hospital and the PPD rate was 15% (32 victims). The most commonly injured organs in those with PPD were the lung (59%) and spinal cord (24%). Only 6% of PPD victims had a gunshot to a vascular structure in an extremity. CONCLUSIONS: The PPD rate after CPMS is high and is due mostly to non-hemorrhaging chest wounds. Prehospital care strategy should focus on immediate point of wounding care by both laypersons and medical personnel, as well as rapid extrication of victims to definitive medical care.


Assuntos
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/mortalidade , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/mortalidade , Autopsia , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
J Emerg Med ; 48(3): 274-9, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25278136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Child abuse, or nonaccidental trauma (NAT), is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, and is often unrecognized. Our hypothesis was that injuries due to accidental trauma (AT) and NAT are significantly different in incidence, injury, severity, and outcome, and are often unrecognized. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to carry out an examination of the differences between pediatric injuries due to AT and NAT regarding incidence, demographics, injury severity, and outcomes. METHODS: A 4-year retrospective review of the Trauma Registry at Children's Medical Center Dallas, a large Level I pediatric trauma center, comparing incidence, age, race, trauma activation, intensive care unit (ICU) need, Injury Severity Score (ISS), and mortality between AT and NAT patients was carried out. RESULTS: There were 5948 admissions, 92.5% were AT and 7.5% were NAT victims. The NAT patients were younger (1.8 ± 3.3 years vs. 6.8 ± 4.2 years for AT patients; p < 0.01), more often required an ICU stay (NAT 36.5% vs. 13.8% for AT patients; p < 0.0001), and had a higher ISS 14.0 ± 9.7 vs. 7.5 ± 7.2; p < 0.0001). The mortality rate in NAT was 8.9% vs. 1.4% for AT (p < 0.001). Of the 40 NAT patients who ultimately died, 17.5% were not initially diagnosed as NAT. CONCLUSIONS: NAT victims differ significantly from the AT patients, with a greater severity of injury and a 6-fold higher mortality rate. Delayed recognition of NAT occurred in almost 20% of the cases. It is generally accepted that NAT is underestimated. Its increased mortality rate and severity of injury are also not well recognized compared to the typical pediatric trauma child.


Assuntos
Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico , Maus-Tratos Infantis/mortalidade , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Texas/epidemiologia , Centros de Traumatologia , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
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