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1.
Int J Technol Assess Health Care ; 35(3): 195-203, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare organizations have invested efforts on hospital-based health technology assessment (HB-HTA) and enterprise risk management (ERM) processes for novel systems to obtain more accurate data on which to base strategic decisions. This study proposes to analyze how HB-HTA and ERM processes can share personal resources and skills to achieve principles with value-oriented results. METHODS: Literature on ERM and HB-HTA and data from interviews with healthcare managers compose the research data sources, which were submitted to a qualitative data analysis. It was oriented to identify the association between ERM and HB-HTA application in hospitals and the common principles between both processes, in addition to proposing the capability to share personal resources between both teams in a matrix. RESULTS: The common principles and personal background suggested for HB-HTA and ERM teams allowed the build of a matrix identifying how both teams can work in an integrated manner being more effective and value-oriented. The shared resource matrix reports how each professional (with a specific background) may interact with each activity associated to HB-HTA or ERM implementation guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: The identification of common principles and capabilities between ERM and HB-HTA suggested advances with the literature from both research areas. The opportunity to share personal resources also contributes to the implementation of those processes in hospitals with less financial resources, approaching its own management to be more efficient with the care chain.

2.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1005738

RESUMO

Objetivo: No cenário da avaliação de tecnologias em saúde (ATS), as estimativas de custos são um fator crítico no desenvolvimento das avaliações econômicas completas, especialmente pelo uso de diferentes metodologias de custeio. A fim de contribuir com a acurácia dos dados de custos usados nessas análises, este artigo sugere recomendações para apuração de custos em saúde no Brasil. Métodos: Reuniram-se pesquisadores de ATS de diferentes expertises e centros de pesquisa do Brasil, e ao longo de dois anos foram conduzidas revisões da literatura nacional e internacional e discussões sobre as formas de abordar a temática. Três simpósios foram realizados reunindo os pesquisadores com o propósito de alcançar o consenso entre os autores sobre as melhores recomendações para a realização de estudos de Microcusteio. Resultados: Consolidou-se em forma de uma recomendação este artigo que representa uma versão compacta da diretriz completa a ser publicada pela Rede Brasileira de Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde. A metodologia de Microcusteio é considerada como padrão-ouro para a identificação dos custos em saúde. Os métodos de definição do estudo, coleta e análise de dados apresentados são descritos de modo a permitir uma valoração dos custos validada e homogênea, principalmente para o uso dessa informação em avaliações econômicas de saúde. Conclusão: Essa recomendação tem o propósito de aumentar a acurácia das estimativas dos custos de saúde no nosso meio e homogeneizar a comunicação entre estudos conduzidos por diferentes grupos de pesquisa. Por fim, é esperado que a utilização dessas recomendações contribua para que as decisões baseadas em dados econômicos sejam mais acuradas e equânimes quando da incorporação de tecnologias no país.


Objective: In the context of health technology assessment (HTA), cost estimates are a critical factor in the development of economic evaluations, especially through the use of different costing methodologies. In order to contribute to the accuracy of the cost data used in these analyzes, this article suggests recommendations to develop health cost analysis in Brazil. Methods: HTA researchers with heterogeneous background and from different Brazilian research centers were engaged on the development of this health cost analysis recommendation over two years. Reviews of national and international literature and discussions on how to approach the theme were conducted. Three symposia were held bringing together the researchers with the purpose of reaching consensus among the authors on the best recommendations for micro-accounting studies. Results: This article was consolidated as a recommendation, which represents a compact version of the complete guideline that will be published by the Brazilian Health Technology Assessment Network (REBRATS). The Microcosting methodology is considered as a gold standard for the analysis of health costs. Methods to define the study, to perform data collection and analysis are described in order to allow a validated and homogeneous cost evaluation, mainly for the use of this information in economic health assessments. Conclusion: This recommendation is intended to increase the health cost estimated accuracy in our country and to homogenize the communication between studies conducted by different research groups. Finally, it is expected that the use of these recommendations will contribute to make decisions based on economic data more accurate and equitable when incorporating health technologies in the country.

3.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(3): 302-307, dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-986487

RESUMO

Objetivo: Mensurar o custo dos serviços do departamento de radiologia de um hospital privado no sul do Brasil e avaliar o desempenho financeiro do setor quando comparado ao repasse da tabela aos hospitais do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Métodos: Estudo de caso baseado na metodologia Custeio Baseado em Atividade e Tempo (TDABC). Após a definição dos exames de maior incidência, houve a análise do processo de realização de exames de radiografia de tórax, ecografia de abdômen total, tomografia de crânio, tomografia de tórax, ecografia pélvica transvaginal, ecografia de aparelho urinário e ressonância magnética de crânio. Foram coletados os tempos das atividades para a realização de cada exame, informações dos custos do departamento, bem como as definições das capacidades dos serviços para calcular o custo dos exames em função das atividades e tempo. Resultados: Pode-se inferir que, na comparação com os valores de repasse do SUS, todos os exames analisados apresentaram custos superiores ao repasse. Além disso, observou-se que cerca de 80% dos custos estão relacionados ao custo fixo da estrutura do departamento de radiologia e 12%, ao profissional médico. Conclusão: O TDABC demonstrou ser um método oportuno para análise de custeio em um departamento de radiologia hospitalar. Por meio dos resultados apresentados, pode-se propor melhorias a fim de reduzir custos para um maior desempenho do serviço.


Objective: Measuring the cost of services of the department of radiology of a private hospital in the South of Brazil and to evaluate the financial performance of the sector when compared to the transfer of the chart to hospitals of the Unified Health System (SUS). Methods: A case study based on the TDABC methodology was applied. After the definition of the tests of higher incidence, the process of performing chest x-ray examinations, total abdomen ultrasound, cranial tomography, chest tomography, transvaginal pelvic ultrasound, urinary tract ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging were analyzed. The time of the activities to perform each exam, information of the costs of the department, as well as the definitions of the capacities of the services were collected to calculate the cost of the exams according to the activities and time. Results: It can be inferred that in the comparison with the values of pass-through of the SUS, all of the examinations analyzed presented higher costs than the pass-through. In addition, it was observed that about 80% of the costs are related to the fixed cost of the structure of the radiology department and 12% to the medical professional. Conclusion: TDABC was an opportune method for costing assessment in a department of hospital radiology. Through the presented results, improvements can be proposed in order to reduce costs for a higher performance of the service.


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviço Hospitalar de Radiologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Assistência à Saúde
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 18(1): 578, 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30041651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first phase of an enterprise risk management (ERM) program is the identification of risks. Accurate identification is essential to a proactive and effective ERM function. The authors identified a lack of such risk identification in the literature and in practical cases when interviewing the chief risk officers from healthcare organizations. A risk inventory specific to healthcare organizations that includes detailed risk scenarios and risk impacts currently does not exist. Thus, the objective of this research is to develop an enterprise risk inventory for healthcare organizations to create a common understanding of how each type of risk impacts a healthcare organization. METHOD: ERM guidelines and data from 15 interviews with chief risk officers were analyzed to create the risk inventory. The identified risks were confirmed through a survey of risk managers from a range of global healthcare organizations during the ASHRM conference in 2017. Descriptive statistics were developed and cluster analysis was performed using the survey results. RESULTS: The risk inventory includes 28 risks and their specific risk scenarios. Cyberattack was ranked as the principal risk by the participants, followed by sentinel events and risks associated with human capital management (organizational culture, use of electronic medical records and physician wellness). The data analysis showed that the specific characteristics of the survey participants, such as the length of time working in risk management, the size of the organization, and the presence of a school of medicine, do not impact an individual's opinion of the importance of the risks identified. A personal background in risk management (clinical or enterprise) was a characteristic that showed a small difference in the perceived importance of the risks from the proposed risk inventory. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to defining specific risk scenarios, the enterprise risk inventory presented in this research can contribute to guiding the risk identification phase of an ERM program and thereby support the development of a risk culture. Patient data security in hospitals that operate with high levels of technology is fundamental to delivering high quality and safe care to patients. At the top of the risk ranking, the identification of cyberattacks reflects the importance that healthcare risk managers place on this risk by allocating time and other resources. Exploring opportunities to improve cyber risk management and evaluating the benefits of using the risk inventory at the beginning of the risk identification phase in an ERM program are suggestions for future studies.

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