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Bull World Health Organ ; 98(11): 801-808, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177777


Four decades after the Declaration of Alma-Ata, its vision of health for all and strategy of primary health care are still an inspiration to many people. In this article we evaluate the current status of primary health care in the era of the Declaration of Astana, the sustainable development goals, universal health coverage and the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. We consider how best to guide greater application of the primary health care strategy, reflecting on tensions that remain between the political vision of primary health care and its implementation in countries. We also consider what is required to support countries to realize the aspirations of primary health care, arguing that national needs and action must dominate over global preoccupations. Changing contexts and realities need to be accommodated. A clear distinction is needed between primary health care as an inspirational vision and set of values for health development, and primary health care as policy and implementation space. To achieve this vision, political action is required. Stakeholders beyond the health sector will often need to lead, which is challenging because the concept of primary health care is poorly understood by other sectors. Efforts on primary health care as policy and implementation space might focus explicitly on primary care and the frontline of service delivery with clear links and support to complementary work on social determinants and building healthy societies. Such efforts can be partial but important implementation solutions to contribute to the much bigger political vision of primary health care.

Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Política de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência de Saúde Universal , Betacoronavirus , Setor de Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Prioridades em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Pandemias , Direitos do Paciente/normas , Política , Desenvolvimento Sustentável