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1.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(10): 2040-2048, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30788965

RESUMO

The electronic and molecular structure of the CeB6 molecular unit has been probed by anion PE spectroscopy and DFT calculations to gain insight into structural and electronic relaxation on edge and corner sites of this ionic material. While boron in bulk lanthanide hexaboride materials assumes octahedral B63- units, the monomer assumes a less compact structure to delocalize the charge. Two competitive molecular structures were identified for the anion and neutral species, which include a boat-like structure and a planar or near-planar teardrop structure. Ce adopts different orbital occupancies in the two isomers; the boat-like structure has a 4f superconfiguration while the teardrop favors a 4f 6s occupancy. The B6 ligand in these structures carries a charge of -4 and -3, respectively. The teardrop structure, which was calculated to be isoenergetic with the boat structure, was most consistent with the experimental spectrum. B6-local orbitals crowd the energy window between the Ce 4f and 6s (HOMO) orbitals. A low-lying transition from the B-based orbitals is observed slightly less than 1 eV above the ground state. The results suggest that edge and corner conductivity involves stabilized, highly diffuse 6s orbitals or bands rather than the bulk-favored 5d band. High-spin and open-shell low-spin states were calculated to be very close in energy for both the anion and neutral, a characteristic that reflects how decoupled the 4f electron is from the B6 2p- and Ce 6s-based molecular orbitals.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(2): 144-149, 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569715

RESUMO

The photoelectron spectra of Sm2O- obtained over a range of photon energies exhibit anomalous changes in relative excited-state band intensities. Specifically, the excited-state transition intensities increase relative to the transition to the neutral ground state with decreasing photon energy, the opposite of what is expected from threshold effects. This phenomenon was previously observed in studies on several Sm-rich homo- and heterolanthanide oxides collected with two different harmonic outputs of a Nd:YAG (2.330 and 3.495 eV) [ J. Chem. Phys. 2017, 146, 194310]. We relate these anomalous intensities to populations of ground and excited anionic and neutrals states through the inspection of time-dependent perturbation theory within the adiabatic and sudden limits and for the first time show that transition intensities in photoelectron spectroscopy have a deep significance in gauging participation from excited states. We believe our results will have significance in the study of other electron-rich systems that have especially high density of accessible spin states.

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