Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Tipo de estudo
País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Dermatol Ther ; : edth13056, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393634

RESUMO

Patients with rhupus characteristically exhibit symmetric polyarthritis and clinical manifestations suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosus (malar rash, photosensitivity, hematological manifestations, serositis, and/or skin involvement) and positive anti-dsDNA. Treatment is unclear and it can include disease-modifying rheumatic drugs like hydroxyl chloroquine, or methotrexate or, in refractory cases, rituximab or abatacept. We report a case of 31-year-old female who present with rhupus with skin acute lesions treated with belimumab. This is the first case of rhupus treated with this drug described in the literature.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e15947, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261500

RESUMO

To assess the hypothesis if tocilizumab (TCZ) is effective on disease activity, and also its effect in fatigue and other clinical and psychological disease-related factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with TCZ.A 24-week, multicenter, prospective, observational study in patients with moderate to severe RA receiving TCZ after failure or intolerance to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or tumor necrosis factor-alpha was conducted.Of the 122 patients included, 85 were evaluable for effectiveness (85% female, 51.9 ±â€Š12.5 years, disease duration 8.7 ±â€Š7.4 years). Mean change in C-reactive protein level from baseline to week 12 was -11.2 ±â€Š4.0 (P < .001). Mean Disease Activity Index score (DAS28) decreased from 5.5 ±â€Š1.0 at baseline to 2.7 ±â€Š1.3 (P < .001) at week 24. Mean change in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy score was -5.4 ±â€Š11.2 points at week 24. Multiple regression analysis showed that the improvement in DAS28, sleep, and depression explained 56% and 47% of fatigue variance at week 12 and 24, respectively.Tocilizumab is effective in reducing disease activity and results in a clinically significant improvement in fatigue, pain, swollen joint count, morning stiffness, sleepiness, depression, and DAS28; the last 3 were specifically identified as factors explaining fatigue variance with the use of TCZ in RA patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Fadiga/psicologia , Fadiga/terapia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Depressão/terapia , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Retratamento , Sono , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico
3.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) versus adalimumab (ADA) as first biologic drug in a large series of patients with refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD) for 1-year period. METHODS: Open-label multicenter study of IFX or ADA-treated patients with BD-uveitis refractory to conventional non-biologic treatment. IFX or ADA were chosen as first biologic treatment based on physician and patient agreement. Dosing schedule was: IFX: 3-5 mg/kg i.v. at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and every 4-8 weeks thereafter, and ADA: 40 mg/s.c./every other week without loading dose. Comparison between patients treated with IFX and patients treated with ADA was performed. RESULTS: 177 patients (316 affected eyes) were included. IFX was used in 103 and ADA in 74 cases. No significant differences at baseline were observed between IFX vs ADA groups regarding main demographic features, previous therapy and ocular severity. After one year of therapy, we observed an improvement in all ocular parameters in both groups. However, ADA therapy yielded better outcome in some parameters that in some cases yielded statistically significant differences: anterior chamber inflammation (78.18% in IFX-treated vs 92.31%in ADA-treated; p=0.06), vitritis (78.95% vs 93.33%; p=0.04), retinal vasculitis (97% vs 95%; p=0.28), macular thickness (264.89±59.74 vs 250.62±36.85; p=0.15), best-corrected visual acuity (0.67±0.34 vs 0.81±0.26; p=0.001), and drug retention (84.95% vs 95.24%; p=0.042). CONCLUSION: Although IFX and ADA yields efficacy refractory BD uveitis, ADA appears to be associated with better outcome than IFX after one-year follow-up. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Infection ; 46(4): 549-554, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869018

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diagnosis of tuberculous uveitis (TBU) is often challenging and is usually made after excluding other causes of uveitis. We analysed the characteristics of TBU and variables associated with visual outcome. METHODS: A retrospective, observational analysis was performed in patients with presumptive TBU who were started on specific TB treatment between January 2006 and June 2016. Demographic, clinical, radiological, analytical and ophthalmic examination variables were studied. After completing TB treatment, a follow-up of at least 9 months was performed. A univariate and logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the variables associated with visual acuity and recurrences of uveitis. RESULTS: Forty affected eyes of 24 individuals were identified; 79% of patients were diagnosed during the last 3 years of the study period. Median delay from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 12 weeks. Loss of visual acuity was the most frequent symptom (87.5%). Posterior uveitis was the most frequent localization (72.9%); 19 patients (79.2%) presented at least one of the Gupta signs predictive of TBU, but there were no confirmed diagnoses. OUTCOME: There was improvement in visual acuity in 74.4% of the eyes, but a complete response was achieved only in 56.4%. There was recurrence in two patients. The initiation of treatment ≥ 24 weeks after onset of symptoms was significantly associated with no improvement (p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: TBU can cause permanent damage to visual acuity, particularly in patients with delayed diagnosis. A prompt initiation of systemic TB treatment is essential to improve visual prognosis.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Ocular/epidemiologia , Uveíte/epidemiologia , Uveíte/microbiologia , Adulto , Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vasculite Retiniana/diagnóstico , Vasculite Retiniana/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite Retiniana/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Ocular/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Testes Visuais
5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(4): 652-657, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM), a fully humanised anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody, in refractory juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: This was a multicentre study of JIA-associated uveitis refractory to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in most cases to other anti-TNF-α agents. Results were expressed as mean±standard deviation or as median (range or interquartile range). The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare continuous variables. A literature review of the efficacy of GLM in uveitis related to JIA was also conducted. RESULTS: We studied 7 patients (5 females; mean age 21.7±7.5 years; 13 affected eyes). Uveitis was bilateral in 6. Cystoid macular oedema (CME) occurred in 3 patients (5 eyes). Besides corticosteroids and synthetic immunosuppressive drugs, patients had received before GLM a median of 2 biologic agents (range 0-3) including adalimumab (n=6), etanercept (n=2), infliximab (n=3) and abatacept (n=2). GLM dose was 50 mg/sc every 4 weeks. After 6 months of therapy the number of anterior chamber cells decreased from 1 [0.25-1.5] to 0 [0-0.5] (p=0.02) and optical coherence tomography (in patients with CME) from 313.6±77.05 to 261.4±75.1 µm (p=0.03). The best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.5 to 0.62 (p=0.018). Complete remission of uveitis was achieved in 4 of 7 patients after 16.8±11.4 months of follow-up. However, 2 of the seven patients had to be switched to tocilizumab due to inefficacy. Local erythema at the injection site was observed in 2. CONCLUSIONS: GLM may be considered in the management of refractory JIA-related uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual
8.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(7): 1243-50, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27018057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns (clusters) of damage manifestations within a large cohort of SLE patients and evaluate the potential association of these clusters with a higher risk of mortality. METHODS: This is a multicentre, descriptive, cross-sectional study of a cohort of 3656 SLE patients from the Spanish Society of Rheumatology Lupus Registry. Organ damage was ascertained using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index. Using cluster analysis, groups of patients with similar patterns of damage manifestations were identified. Then, overall clusters were compared as well as the subgroup of patients within every cluster with disease duration shorter than 5 years. RESULTS: Three damage clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (80.6% of patients) presented a lower amount of individuals with damage (23.2 vs 100% in clusters 2 and 3, P < 0.001). Cluster 2 (11.4% of patients) was characterized by musculoskeletal damage in all patients. Cluster 3 (8.0% of patients) was the only group with cardiovascular damage, and this was present in all patients. The overall mortality rate of patients in clusters 2 and 3 was higher than that in cluster 1 (P < 0.001 for both comparisons) and in patients with disease duration shorter than 5 years as well. CONCLUSION: In a large cohort of SLE patients, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal damage manifestations were the two dominant forms of damage to sort patients into clinically meaningful clusters. Both in early and late stages of the disease, there was a significant association of these clusters with an increased risk of mortality. Physicians should pay special attention to the early prevention of damage in these two systems.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(12): 2223-31, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24996907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for at least 12 months with infliximab (IFX) (3-5 mg/kg at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and then every 4-8 weeks) or adalimumab (ADA) (usually 40 mg every 2 weeks). The main outcome measures were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, macular thickness and immunosuppression load. RESULTS: Sixty-eight men and 56 women (221 affected eyes) were studied. The mean age was 38.6 years (s.d. 10.4). HLA-B51 was positive in 66.1% of patients and uveitis was bilateral in 78.2%. IFX was the first biologic agent in 77 cases (62%) and ADA was first in 47 (38%). In most cases anti-TNF-α drugs were used in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. At the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation was observed in 57% and 64.4% of patients, respectively. In both conditions the damage decreased significantly after 1 year. At baseline, 50 patients (80 eyes) had macular thickening [optical coherence tomography (OCT) >250 µm] and 35 (49 eyes) had cystoid macular oedema (OCT>300 µm) that improved from 420 µm (s.d. 119.5) at baseline to 271 µm (s.d. 45.6) at month 12 (P < 0.01). The best-corrected visual acuity and the suppression load also showed significant improvement. After 1 year of follow-up, 67.7% of patients were inactive. Biologic therapy was well tolerated in most cases. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF-α therapy is effective and relatively safe in refractory BD uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ophthalmology ; 119(8): 1575-81, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22525047

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adalimumab therapy in refractory uveitis. DESIGN: Prospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 131 patients with refractory uveitis and intolerance or failure to respond to prednisone and at least 1 other systemic immunosuppressive drug participated. INTERVENTION: Patients received a 40 mg adalimumab subcutaneous injection every other week for 6 months. The associated immunosuppressants were tapered after administering 3 adalimumab injections (week 6). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation (Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature Working Group criteria), immunosuppression load (as defined by Nussenblatt et al), visual acuity (logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution [logMAR]), and macular thickness (optical coherence tomography). RESULTS: There were 61 men and 70 women (mean age, 27.3 years). The most common causes were juvenile idiopathic arthritis in 39 patients, pars planitis in 16 patients, and Behçet's disease in 13 patients. Twenty-seven patients had uveitis of idiopathic origin. Inflammation in the anterior chamber was present in 82% of patients and in the vitreous cavity in 59% of patients. Anterior chamber inflammation and vitreous inflammation decreased significantly (P < 0.001) from a mean of 1.51 and 1.03 at baseline to 0.25 and 0.14, respectively, at 6 months. Macular thickness was 296 (102) µ at baseline versus 240 (36) µ at the 6-month visit (P < 0.001). Visual acuity improved by -0.3 logMAR in 32 of 150 eyes (21.3%) and worsened by +0.3 logMAR (-15 letters) in 5 eyes (3.3%). The dose of corticosteroids also decreased from 0.74 (3.50) to 0.20 (0.57) mg/kg/day (P < 0.001). Cystoid macular edema, which was present in 40 eyes at baseline, showed complete resolution in 28 eyes at 6 months. The mean suppression load decreased significantly (8.81 [5.05] vs 5.40 [4.43]; P < 0.001). Six months after the initiation of the study, 111 patients (85%) were able to reduce at least 50% of their baseline immunosuppression load. Only 9 patients (6.9%) had severe relapses during the 6 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Adalimumab seems to be well tolerated and helpful in decreasing inflammatory activity in refractory uveitis and may reduce steroid requirement. Further controlled studies of adalimumab for uveitis are warranted.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Macula Lutea/patologia , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Uso Off-Label , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/etiologia , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
15.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 4(extr.3): 24-28, oct. 2008. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-78098

RESUMO

La artritis séptica continúa siendo un gran reto para los médicos debido al aumento de resistencias antibióticas de ciertos microorganismos y a las persistentes dificultades para realizar un diagnóstico precoz y un adecuado tratamiento de las infecciones articulares. En este artículo se revisan las pruebas diagnósticas actuales y su contribución a una rápida evaluación de la infección articular, y se resalta las posibilidades terapéuticas y cuáles y cuándo deben aplicarse para disminuir el riesgo de secuelas que aparecen después de las artritis infecciosas (AU)


Septic arthritis remains a major challenge to physicians because the increasing frequency of certain microorganisms to become in antibiotic-resistant and persistent difficulties regarding both early diagnostics and proper treatment of subjects with joint infections. This paper will review current diagnostics test and their contribution to the rapid evaluation of joint infection. Importantly, updated therapeutic suggestions will be presented which, when appropriately applied, should diminish the risks of sequelae following infectious arthritis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Infecciosa/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
16.
Reumatol Clin ; 4 Suppl 2: 24-8, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21794560

RESUMO

Septic arthritis remains a major challenge to physicians because the increasing frequency of certain microorganisms to become in antibiotic-resistant and persistent difficulties regarding both early diagnostics and proper treatment of subjects with joint infections. This paper will review current diagnostics test and their contribution to the rapid evaluation of joint infection. Importantly, updated therapeutic suggestions will be presented which, when appropriately applied, should diminish the risks of sequelae following infectious arthritis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA