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1.
IUCrJ ; 6(Pt 1): 105-115, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30713708

RESUMO

The present article is devoted to the characterization of the structural phase transitions of the [CH3NH3][Co(COOH)3] (1) perovskite-like metal-organic compound through variable-temperature single-crystal neutron diffraction. At room temperature, compound 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (phase I). A decrease in temperature gives rise to a first phase transition from the space group Pnma to an incommensurate phase (phase II) at approximately 128 K. At about 96 K, this incommensurate phase evolves into a second phase with a sharp change in the modulation vector (phase III). At lower temperatures (ca 78 K), the crystal structure again becomes commensurate and can be described in the monoclinic space group P21/n (phase IV). Although phases I and IV have been reported previously [Boca et al. (2004). Acta Cryst. C60, m631-m633; Gómez-Aguirre et al. (2016). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 1122-1125; Mazzuca et al. (2018). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 388-399], phases III and IV corresponding to the Pnma(00γ)0s0 space group have not yet been described. These phase transitions involve not only the occurrence of small distortions in the three-dimensional anionic [Co(HCOO)3]- framework, but also the reorganization of the [CH3NH3]+ counter-ions in the cavities of the structure, which gives rise to an alteration of the hydrogen-bonded network, modifying the electrical properties of compound 1.

2.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 10665, 2018 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006614

RESUMO

(ND4)2[FeCl5(D2O)] represents a promising example of the hybrid molecular/inorganic approach to create materials with strong magneto-electric coupling. Neutron spherical polarimetry, which is directly sensitive to the absolute magnetic configuration and domain population, has been used in this work to unambiguously prove the multiferroicity of this material. We demonstrate that the application of an electric field upon cooling results in the stabilization of a single-cycloidal magnetic domain below 6.9 K, while poling in the opposite electric field direction produces the full population of the domain with opposite magnetic chirality. We prove the complete switchability of the magnetic domains at low temperature by the applied electric field, which constitutes a direct proof of the strong magnetoelectric coupling. Additionally, we refine the magnetic structure of the ordered ground state, deducing the underlying magnetic space group consistent with the direction of the ferroelectric polarization, and we provide evidence of a collinear amplitude-modulated state with magnetic moments along the a-axis in the temperature region between 6.9 and 7.2 K.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 57(4): 1787-1795, 2018 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393644

RESUMO

This contribution addresses standing questions about the nature and consequences of the ion self-assembly and magnetic structures, as well as the molecular motion of the crystalline structure as a function of the temperature, in halometalate materials based on imidazolium cation. We present the magnetic structure and magnetostructural correlations of 1-ethyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium tetrachloridoferrate, (Edimim)[FeCl4], resolved by neutron diffraction studies. Single-crystal, synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction and powder neutron diffraction techniques have been combined to follow the temperature evolution on its crystallographic structure from 2 K close to its melting point (340 K). In this sense, slightly above room temperature (307 K) (Edimim)[FeCl4] presents a single-crystal to single-crystal transition (SCSC), from phase I (space group P21/n) to phase II (P21/m), accompanied by a notable increase in the disorder of the imidazolium cation, as well as in the metal complex anion. The temperature evolution and solid-phase transitions of the presented compound were followed in detail by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (SXPD), which confirms the occurrence of another phase transition at 330 K, phase III (P21/m), the crystal structure of which was elucidated from the SXPD pattern. Moreover, this material presents an anisotropic thermal expansion with a switch from axial positive to negative thermal expansion coefficients as the temperature is raised above the first phase transition, which has been correlated with the molecular motion of the imidazolium-based molecules, producing not only a shortening of the counterion···counterion distances but also the occurrence of different quasi-isoenergetic crystal structures as a function of the temperature.

4.
Chemistry ; 24(2): 388-399, 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28858419

RESUMO

The characterization of the crystal structure, phase transitions, magnetic structure and dielectric properties has been carried out on [CH3 NH3 ][Co(COOH)3 ] (1) perovskite-like metal-organic compound through variable-temperature single-crystal and powder neutron and X-ray diffraction and relative permittivity measurements. The paraelectric to antiferroelectric-like phase transition observed at around 90 K is triggered by a structural phase transition; the structural studies show a change from Pnma space group at RT (1A) to P21 /n space group at low temperature (1B). This phase transition involves the occurrence of small distortions in the framework and counterions. Neutron diffraction studies have shown a magnetic order showing spontaneous magnetization below 15 K, due to the occurrence of a non-collinear antiferromagnetic structure with a weak ferromagnetic component, mainly due to the single-ion anisotropy of the CoII ions.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 46(43): 15130-15137, 2017 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29068025

RESUMO

A novel three-dimensional (3D) coordination polymer with the formula (C3N2H5)4[MnCr2(ox)6]·5H2O (2), where ox = oxalate and C3N2H5 = imidazolium cation, is reported. Single crystal X-ray diffraction reveals that this porous coordination polymer adopts a chiral three-dimensional quartz-like architecture, with the guest imidazolium cations and water molecules being hosted in its pores. This novel multifunctional material exhibits both a ferromagnetic ordering at TC = 3.0 K, related to the host MnCr2 network, and high proton conductivity [1.86 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 295 K and 88% relative humidity (RH)] due to the presence of the acidic imidazolium cations and free water molecules. The similarity of the structure of compound 2 to that of the previously reported analogous compound (NH4)4[MnCr2(ox)6]·4H2O, (1), also allows us to analyse, to a certain extent, the effect of the acidity of the proton donating guest molecules on proton conduction properties. 2 hosts, in one-dimensional (1D) channels, imidazolium cations, which are more acidic than the ammonium ones in 1 and, as a consequence, 2 shows higher proton conduction than 1, highlighting the effect of the pKa of the proton donating guest molecules on proton conductivity.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 56(1): 197-207, 2017 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27935298

RESUMO

A study of the magnetic structure of the [NH2(CH3)2]n[FeIIIMII(HCOO)6]n niccolite-like compounds, with MII = CoII (2) and MnII (3) ions, has been carried out using neutron diffraction and compared with the previously reported FeII-containing compound (1). The inclusion of two different metallic atoms into the niccolite-like structure framework leads to the formation of isostructural compounds with very different magnetic behaviors due to the compensation or not of the different spins involved in each lattice. Below TN, the magnetic order in these compounds varies from ferrimagnetic behavior for 1 and 2 to an antiferromagnetic behavior with a weak spin canting for 3. Structure refinements of 2 and 3 at low temperature (45 K) have been carried out combining synchrotron X-ray and high-resolution neutron diffraction in a multipattern approach. The magnetic structures have been determined from the difference patterns between the neutron data in the paramagnetic and the magnetically ordered regions. These difference patterns have been analyzed using a simulated annealing protocol and symmetry analysis techniques. The obtained magnetic structures have been further rationalized by means of ab initio DFT calculations. The direction of the magnetic moment of each compound has been determined. The easy axis of the MII for compound 1 (FeII) is along the c axis; for compound 2 (CoII), the moments are mainly within the ab plane; finally, for compound 3 (MnII), the calculations show that the moments have components both in the ab plane and along the c axis.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(31): 21881-92, 2016 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27439896

RESUMO

The results reported here represent the first direct experimental observations supporting the existence of a solid-to-solid phase transition induced by thermal treatment in magnetic ionic liquids (MILs). The phase transitions of the solid phases of 1,3-dimethylimidazolium tetrachloroferrate, DimimFeCl4, are closely related to its thermal history. Two series of solid-to-solid phase transitions can be described in this MIL: (i) from room temperature (RT) phase II [space group (s.g.) = P21] to phase I-a [s.g. = P212121] via thermal quenching or via fast cooling at T > 2 K min(-1); (ii) from phase I-a to phase I-b [s.g. = P21/c] when the temperature was kept above 180 K for several minutes. The latter involves a slow translational and reorientational dynamical process of both the imidazolium cation and the tetrachloroferrate anion and has been characterized using synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction and DFT (density functional theory) studies. The transition is also related to the modification of the super-exchange pathways of low-temperature phases which show a overall antiferromagnetic behavior. A combination of several experimental methods such as magnetometry, Mössbauer and muon spectroscopy together with polarized and non-polarized neutron powder diffraction has been used in order to characterize the different features observed in these phases.

8.
Sci Rep ; 5: 14475, 2015 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26417890

RESUMO

The number of magnetoelectric multiferroic materials reported to date is scarce, as magnetic structures that break inversion symmetry and induce an improper ferroelectric polarization typically arise through subtle competition between different magnetic interactions. The (NH4)2[FeCl5(H2O)] compound is a rare case where such improper ferroelectricity has been observed in a molecular material. We have used single crystal and powder neutron diffraction to obtain detailed solutions for the crystal and magnetic structures of (NH4)2[FeCl5(H2O)], from which we determined the mechanism of multiferroicity. From the crystal structure analysis, we observed an order-disorder phase transition related to the ordering of the ammonium counterion. We have determined the magnetic structure below TN, at 2 K and zero magnetic field, which corresponds to a cycloidal spin arrangement with magnetic moments contained in the ac-plane, propagating parallel to the c-axis. The observed ferroelectricity can be explained, from the obtained magnetic structure, via the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya mechanism.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(69): 13381-4, 2015 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26207532

RESUMO

Triple-stranded dinuclear nickel(ii) complexes of the meso-helicate type have been obtained from the new N,N'-1,3-phenylenebis(pyrazine-2-carboxamidate) ligand; they possess a multielectron redox behaviour featuring up to four stepwise, one-electron oxidation reactions of the two ferromagnetically coupled Ni(II) ions to afford the putative high-valent dinickel(iii) and dinickel(iv) species, as supported by theoretical calculations.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 44(31): 14130-8, 2015 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26174497

RESUMO

We have reinvestigated the crystal structure of the low-dimensional fluoride ß-FeF3(H2O)2·H2O using high resolution neutron and X-ray diffraction data. Moreover we have studied the magnetic behavior of this material combining medium resolution and high flux neutron powder diffraction together with magnetic susceptibility measurements. This fluoride compound exhibits vertex-shared 1D Fe(3+) octahedral chains, which are extended along the c-axis. The magnetic interactions between adjacent chains involve super-superexchange interactions via an extensive network of hydrogen bonds. This interchain hydrogen bonding scheme is sufficiently strong to induce a long range magnetic order appearing below T = 20(1) K. The magnetic order is characterized by the propagation vector k = (0, 0, 1/2), giving rise to a strictly antiferromagnetic structure where the Fe(3+) spins are lying within the ab-plane. Magnetic exchange couplings extracted from magnetization measurements are found to be J∥/kb = -18 K and J⊥/kb = -3 K. These values are in good agreement with the neutron diffraction data, which show that the system became antiferromagnetically ordered at ca. TN = 20(1) K.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(22): 6521-5, 2015 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25873186

RESUMO

A single crystal to single crystal transmetallation process takes place in the three-dimensional (3D) metal-organic framework (MOF) of formula Mg(II) 2 {Mg(II) 4 [Cu(II) 2 (Me3 mpba)2 ]3 }⋅45 H2 O (1; Me3 mpba(4-) =N,N'-2,4,6-trimethyl-1,3-phenylenebis(oxamate)). After complete replacement of the Mg(II) ions within the coordination network and those hosted in the channels by either Co(II) or Ni(II) ions, 1 is transmetallated to yield two novel MOFs of formulae Co2 (II) {Co(II) 4 [Cu(II) 2 (Me3 mpba)2 ]3 }⋅56 H2 O (2) and Ni2 (II) {Ni(II) 4 [Cu(II) 2 (Me3 mpba)2 ]3 }⋅ 54 H2 O (3). This unique postsynthetic metal substitution affords materials with higher structural stability leading to enhanced gas sorption and magnetic properties.

12.
Chemistry ; 21(17): 6605-16, 2015 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25760669

RESUMO

Nine new coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of salts of bivalent metal ions (a=Zn(II) , b=Cu(II) , c=Ni(II) , d=Co(II) ) with the bis(benzoylhydrazone) derivative of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (H4 L). Three kinds of complexes have been obtained: homodinuclear compounds [M2 (H2 L)2 ]⋅nH2 O (1 a, 1 b, 1 c, and 1 d), homotetranuclear compounds [M4 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 a and 2 c), and heterotetranuclear compounds [Zn2 M2 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 ab, 2 ac, and 2 ad). The structures of the free ligand H4 L⋅2 DMSO and its complexes [Zn2 (H2 L)2 (DMSO)2 ] (1 a*), [Zn4 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ] (2 a*), and [Zn0.45 Cu3.55 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ]⋅2 DMSO (2 ab*) were elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The ligand shows luminescence properties and its fluorimetric behavior towards M(II) metals (M=Zn, Cu, Ni and Co) has been studied. Furthermore, the solid-state luminescence properties of the ligand and compounds have been determined at room temperature. (1) H NMR spectroscopic monitoring of the reaction of H4 L with Zn(II) showed the deprotonation sequence of the OH/NH groups upon metal coordination. Heteronuclear reactions have also been monitored by using ESI-MS and spectrofluorimetric techniques.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 44(23): 10665-72, 2015 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25623228

RESUMO

The perovskite polymorph of Mn(2)CrSbO(6) compound has been synthesized at 8 GPa and 1473 K. It crystallizes in the monoclinic P21/n space group with cell parameters a = 5.2180 (2) Å, b = 5.3710(2) Å, c = 7.5874(1) Å and ß = 90.36(1)°. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements show the simultaneous antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn(2+) and Cr(3+) sublattices below TN = 55 K with a small canting. Low temperature powder neutron diffraction reveals a commensurate magnetic structure with spins confined to the ac-plane and a propagation vector κ = [1/2 0 1/2]. The thermal treatment of this compound induces an irreversible phase transition to the ilmenite polymorph, which has been isolated at 973 K and crystallizes in R3[combining macron] space group with cell parameters a = 5.2084 (4) Å and c = 14.4000 (11) Å. Magnetic susceptibility, magnetization and powder neutron diffraction data confirm the antiferromagnetic helical ordering of spins in an incommensurate magnetic structure with κ = [00 0.46] below 60 K, and the temperature dependence of the propagation vector up to κ = [00 0.54] at about 10 K.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 53(16): 8384-96, 2014 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25079377

RESUMO

We present the first magnetic phase of an ionic liquid with anion-π interactions, which displays a three-dimensional (3D) magnetic ordering below the Néel temperature, TN = 7.7 K. In this material, called Dimim[FeBr4], an exhaustive and systematic study involving structural and physical characterization (synchrotron X-ray, neutron powder diffraction, direct current and alternating current magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, heat capacity, Raman and Mössbauer measurements) as well as first-principles analysis (density functional theory (DFT) simulation) was performed. The crystal structure, solved by Patterson-function direct methods, reveals a monoclinic phase (P21 symmetry) at room temperature with a = 6.745(3) Å, b = 14.364(3) Å, c = 6.759(3) Å, and ß = 90.80(2)°. Its framework, projected along the b direction, is characterized by layers of cations [Dimim](+) and anions [FeBr4](-) that change the orientation from layer to layer, with Fe···Fe distances larger than 6.7 Å. Magnetization measurements show the presence of 3D antiferromagnetic ordering below TN with the existence of a noticeable magneto-crystalline anisotropy. From low-temperature neutron diffraction data, it can be observed that the existence of antiferromagnetic order is originated by the antiparallel ordering of ferromagnetic layers of [FeBr4](-) metal complex along the b direction. The magnetic unit cell is the same as the chemical one, and the magnetic moments are aligned along the c direction. The DFT calculations reflect the fact that the spin density of the iron ions spreads over the bromine atoms. In addition, the projected density of states (PDOS) of the imidazolium with the bromines of a [FeBr4](-) metal complex confirms the existence of the anion-π interaction. Magneto-structural correlations give no evidence for direct iron-iron interactions, corroborating that the 3D magnetic ordering takes place via superexchange coupling, the Fe-Br···Br-Fe interplane interaction being defined as the main exchange pathway.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 53(12): 6299-308, 2014 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24901707

RESUMO

Six new heterometallic cobalt(II)-lanthanide(III) complexes of formulas [Ln(bta)(H2O)2]2[Co(H2O)6]·10H2O [Ln = Nd(III) (1) and Eu(III) (2)] and [Ln2Co(bta)2(H2O)8]n·6nH2O [Ln = Eu(III) (3), Sm(III) (4), Gd(III) (5), and Tb(III) (6)] (H4bta = 1,2,4,5-benzenetretracaboxylic acid) have been synthesized and characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction. 1 and 2 are isostructural compounds with a structure composed of anionic layers of [Ln(bta)(H2O)2]n(n-) sandwiching mononuclear [Co(H2O)6](2+) cations plus crystallization water molecules, which are interlinked by electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonds, leading to a supramolecular three-dimensional network. 3-6 are also isostructural compounds, and their structure consists of neutral layers of formula [Ln2Co(bta)2(H2O)8]n and crystallization water molecules, which are connected through hydrogen bonds to afford a supramolecular three-dimensional network. Heterometallic chains formed by the regular alternation of two nine-coordinate lanthanide(III) polyhedra [Ln(III)O9] and one compressed cobalt(II) octahedron [Co(II)O6] along the crystallographic c-axis are cross-linked by bta ligands within each layer of 3-6. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrystalline samples for 3-6 have been carried out in the temperature range of 2.0-300 K. The magnetic behavior of these types of Ln(III)-Co(II) complexes, which have been modeled by using matrix dagonalization techniques, reveals the lack of magnetic coupling for 3 and 4, and the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions within the Gd(III)-Gd(III) (5) and Tb(III)-Tb(III) (6) dinuclear units through the exchange pathway provided by the double oxo(carboxylate) and double syn-syn carboxylate bridges.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 53(11): 5674-83, 2014 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24832918

RESUMO

A novel cobalt(II) complex of formula [Co2(cbut)(H2O)3]n (1) (H4cbut = 1,2,3,4-cyclobutanetetracarboxylic acid) has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and its crystal structure has been determined by means of synchrotron radiation and neutron powder diffraction. The crystal structure of 1 consists of layers of cobalt(II) ions extending in the bc-plane which are pillared along the crystallographic a-axis through the skeleton of the cbut(4-) ligand. Three crystallographically independent cobalt(II) ions [Co(1), Co(2), and Co(3)] occur in 1. They are all six-coordinate with four carboxylate-oxygens [Co(1)-Co(3)] and two cis-[Co(1)] or trans-water molecules [Co(2) and Co(3)] building distorted octahedral surroundings. Regular alternating double oxo(carboxylate) [between Co(1) and Co(1a)] and oxo(carboxylate) plus one aqua and a syn-syn carboxylate bridges [between Co(1) and Co(2)] occur along the crystallographic b-axis, the values of the cobalt-cobalt separation being 3.1259(8) and 3.1555(6) Å, respectively. These chains are connected to the Co(3) atoms through the OCO carboxylate along the [011] direction leading to the organic-inorganic bc-layers with Co(1)-OCO(anti-syn)-Co(3) and Co(2)-OCO(anti-anti)-Co(3) distances of 5.750(2) and 4.872(1) Å. The shortest interlayer cobalt-cobalt separation through the cbut(4-) skeleton along the crystallographic a-axis is 7.028(2) Å. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements show the occurrence of antiferromagnetic ordering with a Néel temperature of 5.0 K, followed by a field-induced ferromagnetic transition under applied dc fields larger than 1500 Oe. The magnetic structure of 1 has been elucidated at low temperatures in zero field by neutron powder diffraction measurements and was found to be formed by ferromagnetic chains running along the b-axis which are antiferromagnetically coupled with the Co(3) ions through the c-axis giving rise to noncompensated magnetic moments within each bc-layer (ferrimagnetic plane). The occurrence of an antitranslation operation between these layers produces a weak interlayer antiferromagnetic coupling along the a-axis which is overcome by dc fields greater than 1500 Oe resulting in a phase transition toward a ferromagnetic state (metamagnetic behavior).

17.
Chemistry ; 20(26): 7956-61, 2014 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24807735

RESUMO

Fe(II)(Metz)6](Fe(III)Br4)2 (Metz = 1-methyltetrazole) is one of the rare systems combining spin-crossover and long-range magnetic ordering. A joint neutron and X-ray diffraction and magnetometry study allows determining its collinear antiferromagnetic structure, and shows an increase of the Néel temperature from 2.4 K at ambient pressure, to 3.9 K at 0.95 GPa. Applied pressure also enables a full high-spin to low-spin switch at ambient temperature.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24441124

RESUMO

Three new metal-organic framework structures containing Eu(III) and the little explored methanetriacetate (C7H7O6(3-), mta(3-)) ligand have been synthesized. Gel synthesis yields a two-dimensional framework with the formula [Eu(mta)(H2O)3]n·2nH2O, (I), while two polymorphs of the three-dimensional framework material [Eu(mta)(H2O)]n·nH2O, (II) and (III), are obtained through hydrothermal synthesis at either 423 or 443 K. Compounds (I) and (II) are isomorphous with previously reported Gd(III) compounds, but compound (III) constitutes a new phase. Compound (I) can be described in terms of dinuclear [Eu2(H2O)4](6+) units bonded through mta(3-) ligands to form a two-dimensional framework with topology corresponding to a (6,3)-connected binodal (4(3))(4(6)6(6)8(3))-kgd net, where the dinuclear [Eu2(H2O)4](6+) units are considered as a single node. Compounds (II) and (III) have distinct three-dimensional topologies, namely a (4(12)6(3))(4(9)6(6))-nia net for (II) and a (4(10)6(5))(4(11)6(4))-K2O2; 36641 net for (III). The crystal density of (III) is greater than that of (II), consistent with the increase of temperature, and thereby autogeneous pressure, in the hydrothermal synthesis.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Európio/química , Acetatos/química , Quelantes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
19.
Inorg Chem ; 52(21): 12818-27, 2013 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24131172

RESUMO

The exchange mechanism and magnetic structure of the organic-inorganic layered molecule-based magnet [Co2(bta)]n (1) (H4bta =1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) have been investigated through variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements and supported with a series of neutron diffraction experiments. Cryomagnetic studies have shown an antiferromagnetic ordering at a transition temperature of 16 K that is followed by the appearance of a weak ferromagnetism below 11 K. The weak antiferromagnetic interlayer interaction plays an important role in this system in spite of the long interlayer separation. A ferromagnetic ordering is induced by applied magnetic fields greater than 1800 G (metamagnetic behavior), and a slow magnetic relaxation from this ferromagnetic phase to the antiferromagnetic one is observed. The magnetic structure of 1 has been elucidated at low temperatures in zero field by neutron powder diffraction measurements and was found to be of antiferromagnetic nature with the local cobalt(II) spins (magnetic moments) being aligned ferromagnetically in the ac plane and antiferromagnetically coupled along the crystallographic b axis. No evidence for a long-range spontaneous ferromagnetic component below 11 K was observed in the neutron experiment.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 52(3): 1525-37, 2013 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23331241

RESUMO

The synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of four new mixed 3d-4f complexes with formulas [{Fe(III)(phen)(CN)(4)}(4)Gd(2)(III)(bpym)(NO(3))(2)(H(2)O)(4)]·2CH(3)CN·2H(2)O}(n) (1), [{Fe(III)(phen)(CN)(4)}(4)Tb(2)(III)(bpym)(H(2)O)(8)]·(NO(3))(2)·2CH(3)CN}(n) (2), [{Fe(III)(phen)(CN)(4)}(4)Sm(III)(bpym)(NO(3))(2)(H(2)O)(5)]·2CH(3)CN}(n) (3), and [{Fe(III)(phen)(CN)(4)}(2)Pr(2)(III)(bpym)()(NO(3))(4)(H(2)O)(2)](n) (4) (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline and bpym = 2,2'-bipyrimidine) are discussed here. Compounds 1-3 are isomorphous and their structure consists of neutral ladder-like motifs where the rungs are made up by bpym-bridged dilanthanide(III) cations and the rods are defined by [Fe(phen)(CN)(4)](-) units adopting a bis-monodentate coordination mode through two of its four cyanide ligands. The electroneutrality in this family is achieved by either a chelating [at the Gd(III) (1) and Sm(III) (3)] or free [at the Tb(III) (2)] nitrate group and a peripheral [Fe(phen)(CN)(4)](-) entity, which act as a monodentate ligand across one of its four cyanide groups toward the rare-earth cation (1-3). Compound 4 exhibits a neutral two-dimensional structure where (µ-bpym)bis[diaquadi(nitrato-κ(2)-O,O')praseodymium(III)] fragments are interlinked through [Fe(phen)(CN)(4)](-) units adopting a tris-monodentate coordination mode across three of its four cyanide groups. Each iron(III) ion in 1-4 is six-coordinate with two nitrogen atoms from a chelating phen and four cyanide-carbon atoms building a somewhat distorted octahedral environment. The trivalent rare-earth cations are 9- (1-3) and 10-coordinate (4) having in common two nitrogen atoms from a bidentate bpym and three (1-3)/two (4) cyanide nitrogens, the coordination environment being completed by chelating nitrate (1, 3, 4) and water molecules (1-4). Magnetic susceptibility measurements in the 1.9-300 K temperature range show the occurrence of antiferromagnetic interactions in 1 through both the single cyanide- and the bis-bidentate bpym ligands. A weak ferromagnetic interaction is observed for 3 whereas very weak, if any, magnetic interactions would occur in 2 and 4, with the spin-orbit coupling of the low-spin iron(III) ion and the ligand field effects of the Tb(III) (2) and Pr(III) (4) masking their visualization.

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