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1.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic value of tumour-free distance (TFD), defined as the minimum distance of uninvolved stroma between the tumour and peri-cervical stromal ring, in early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Patients with pathologic FIGO 2009 stage IA1-IIA2 cervical cancer, treated by primary radical surgical treatment between 01/2000 and 11/2019, were retrospectively included. Adjuvant treatment was administered according to the presence of previously established pathologic risk factors. TFD was measured histologically on the hysterectomy specimen. Pre-operative TFD measured at MRI-scan from a cohort of patients was reviewed and compared with pathology TFD. RESULTS: 395 patients were included in the study. 93 (23.5%) patients had TFD ≤ 3.0 mm and 302 (76.5%) had TFD > 3.0 mm. TFD ≤ 3.0 mm together with lymph vascular space involvement represented the strongest predictor for lymph node metastasis at multivariate analysis. TFD ≤ 3.0 mm was associated with worse 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), compared with TFD > 3.0 mm (p = 0.022 and p = 0.008, respectively). DFS difference was more evident in the subgroup of patients with low-risk factors who did not receive adjuvant treatment (p = 0.002). Cohen's kappa demonstrated an agreement between TFD measured at pre-operative MRI-scan and histology of 0.654. CONCLUSIONS: Pathologic TFD ≤ 3.0 mm represents a poor prognostic factor significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and it may be considered a novel marker to select candidates for adjuvant treatment. The possibility to obtain this parameter by radiological imaging makes it a potential easy-measurable pre-operative marker to predict the presence of high-risk pathologic factors in early-stage cervical cancer.

2.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895023

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of ovarian metastasis/recurrence and the survival of patients undergoing radical hysterectomy with ovarian conservation (CONSERV) versus oophorectomy (OOPHOR). Secondary aim was to assess the incidence and the characteristics of menopausal symptoms in both groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multi-center, observational cohort study including patients <50 years with clinical FIGO 2009 stage IA1-IB1/IIA1 cervical carcinoma, treated by primary surgical treatment between 02/2007 and 07/2019. One-to-one case-control matching was used to adjust the baseline prognostic characteristics in survival analysis. RESULTS: 419 patients were included. 264 in the OOPHOR (63.0%) and 155 (37.0%) in the CONSERV group. Ovarian transposition was performed in 28/155 (18.1%) patients. 1/264 (0.4%) patient had ovarian metastasis from endocervical adenocarcinoma. After propensity-matching, 310 patients were included in the survival analysis (155 per group). 5-year disease-free survival of patients undergoing CONSERV versus OOPHOR was 90.6% versus 82.2%, respectively (p = 0.028); 5-year overall survival was 94.3% versus 90.8%, respectively (p = 0.157). Two patients (1.3%) developed recurrence on the conserved ovary. CONSERV represented an independent protective factor of recurrence (HR:0.361, 95%CI 0.169-0.769; p = 0.008). 28 (20.6%) in the CONSERV group versus 116 (60.4%) in the OOPHOR group complained of menopausal symptoms during follow up (p < 0.001). HRT was prescribed to 12.0% of patients (median HRT time was 20 months). CONCLUSION: CONSERV was associated with reduced risk of recurrence and menopausal symptoms in early-stage cervical cancer. As the risk of ovarian metastasis and ovarian recurrence is relatively low, CONSERV in pre-menopausal women has to be considered.

3.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(3): 2985-2992, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656647

RESUMO

In this report we described the case of a BRCA1/2 (BRCA) molecular testing performed on tumor sample in a High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (HGSOC) patient with two different Next Generation Tumor Sequencing (NGTS) pipelines. The two clinical reports leaded to apparently different BRCA status, providing important foods for thought. After NGTS, the gene sequencing information (i.e., reads) are aligned to the reference gene sequences obtained from public databases, in order to provide an uniform nomenclature for unambiguous variant designation. However, the criteria adopted for variant reporting in tissue test are not always univocal. Particularly, this is the case of rare and unclassified BRCA variants for which the molecular evaluation may be a relevant challenge. Here we described a BRCA1 unclassified variant that may be re-evaluated in the context of alternative BRCA1 transcripts due to its different biological effect. We underlined that an in-depth knowledge of BRCA testing is mandatory for its appropriate use.

4.
Radiother Oncol ; 154: 327-353, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712263

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide. ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of endometrial carcinoma (27 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence-based, the literature published since 2014, identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 191 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery and patient representatives. The guidelines comprehensively cover endometrial carcinoma staging, definition of prognostic risk groups integrating molecular markers, pre- and intra-operative work-up, fertility preservation, management for early, advanced, metastatic, and recurrent disease and palliative treatment. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are also defined.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Guias como Assunto , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Consenso , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
5.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(3): 332-338, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649002

RESUMO

Guidelines and expert consensus are lacking on fertility preservation in BRCA mutation carriers and in patients with Lynch syndrome. The safety of fertility preservation in this setting is still a topic of debate and multiple factors need to be carefully considered. The aim of this review was to analyze the reproductive potential of women harboring a genetic mutation affecting the DNA repair system and explore the efficacy and safety of existing fertility preservation strategies in these patients.

6.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(3): 452-456, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Conization/simple trachelectomy is feasible in patients with early-stage cervical cancer. Retrospective data suggest that conization with negative lymph nodes could be a safe option for these patients. This study aims to provide oncologic and obstetric outcomes of a large series of patients with 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB1 cervical cancer managed by conization. METHODS: Patients with early cervical cancer and a desire to preserve fertility who underwent conization and pelvic lymphadenectomy from January 1993 to December 2019 in two Italian centers were included. Inclusion criteria were: age >18 years and ≤45 years, 2018 FIGO stage IB1, no prior irradiation or chemotherapy, absence of pre-operative radiologic evidence of nodal metastases, a strong desire to preserve fertility, and absence of concomitant malignancies. We excluded patients with confirmed infertility, neuroendocrine tumor, clear cell or mucinous carcinoma. RESULTS: A total of 42 patients were included. The median age was 32 years (range 19-44) and median tumor size was 11 mm (range 8-20). Squamous cell carcinoma was found in 27 (64.3%). Grade 3 tumor was present in 7 (16.7%) patients and lymphovascular space involvement was detected in 15 (35.7%). At a median follow-up of 54 months (range 1-185), all patients were alive without evidence of disease. In the entire series three patients experienced recurrence resulting in an overall recurrence rate of 7.1%. All the recurrences occurred in the pelvis (2 in the cervix and 1 in the lymph nodes), resulting in a 3-year disease-free survival of 91.6%. Twenty-two (52%) patients tried to conceive; 18 pregnancies occurred in 17 patients and 12 live births were reported (6 pre-term and 6 term pregnancies). Two miscarriages were recorded, one first trimester and one second trimester fetal loss. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that conization is feasible for the conservative management of women with stage IB1 cervical cancer desiring fertility. Oncologic outcomes appear favorable in this series of patients. Future prospective studies will hopefully provide further insight into this important question.

7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620615

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic role and the perioperative outcomes of conization performed before radical hysterectomy in early-stage cervical carcinoma. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective observational cohort study included patients with FIGO 2009 stage IB1 cervical carcinoma treated with radical hysterectomy between June 2004 and June 2019. Patients were divided into two groups according to conization before radical surgery. One-to-one case-control matching was used to adjust the baseline characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 332 patients were included after propensity matching (166, 50% in each group). Twenty-four of 166 (14.4%) and 142 of 166 (85.6%) conization patients had negative and positive surgical margins on the conization specimen, respectively. No difference in intra- and postoperative complications was noted between the two groups (p = 0.542 and p = 0.180, respectively). Patients undergoing conization before radical hysterectomy received less adjuvant treatment (p < 0.001) and had a better 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) than patients who did not receive conization (89.8% vs. 80.0%, respectively; p = 0.010). No difference in 5-year overall survival (OS) (97.1% vs. 91.4%, respectively; p = 0.114) or recurrence pattern (p = 0.115) was reported between the two groups. Factors independently related to higher risk of recurrence were pathologic tumor diameter >20 mm and no conization before radical hysterectomy (p = 0.011 and p = 0.018, respectively). The only independent variable influencing OS was pathologic tumor diameter >20 mm (p = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Conization before radical hysterectomy was associated with improved DFS and lower probability of receiving adjuvant treatment. No difference in perioperative complications and OS was evident. Tumor diameter >20 mm was found to be the only independent risk factor affecting OS in both groups.

8.
Virchows Arch ; 478(2): 153-190, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604759

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide. ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of endometrial carcinoma (27 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence-based, the literature published since 2014, identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 191 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery and patient representatives. The guidelines comprehensively cover endometrial carcinoma staging, definition of prognostic risk groups integrating molecular markers, pre- and intra-operative work-up, fertility preservation, management for early, advanced, metastatic, and recurrent disease and palliative treatment. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are also defined.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Oncologia/normas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biópsia/normas , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/normas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/normas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573854

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The standard treatment for epithelial early stage ovarian cancer (eEOC) includes laparotomic surgical staging, according to ESGO-ESMO guidelines. In the last decade, many investigators have assessed the safety and feasibility of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) staging in properly selected patients. However, survival data related to different surgical approaches (open versus MIS) are extremely limited. The aim of this study is to analyze the long-term oncological outcomes in eEOC patients treated with MIS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicenter observational retrospective study conducted in two tertiary oncological centers. We selected all consecutive women who underwent a laparoscopic or robotic staging for eEOC. RESULTS: From January 2008 to December 2016, 254 eEOC patients underwent a MIS staging (188 laparoscopic staging and 66 robotic staging). Overall, 18.1% of patients were upstaged due to pathological findings. A total of 203 (79.9%) patients received platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. After a median follow-up of 61 months (range 13-118), 39 (15.3%) patients experienced recurrence. The 5-years progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival rates were 84.0% and 93.8%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, favorable variables influencing PFS were young age (≤45 years), non-serous histotype, tumor grade 1-2, and FIGO stage IA/IB. In the multivariate analysis, only grade 3 was shown to keep its negative independent prognostic value (HR = 3.47; p = 0.004), whereas FIGO stage ≥ IC showed a trend toward significance (HR = 1.75; p = 0.099). CONCLUSION: This retrospective study represents the longest follow-up of eEOC patients managed by MIS. The MIS is a valuable therapeutic option in appropriately selected patients, although a randomized controlled trial is needed.

10.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(1): 12-39, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397713

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multi-disciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide.

11.
Expert Opin Investig Drugs ; 30(2): 103-110, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423551

RESUMO

Introduction: Ovarian cancer (OC) represents the leading cause of death among gynecological cancers. Despite novel compound classes like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors or poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are available, which improve significantly efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy, OC prognosis remains poor and innovative strategies are needed. The induction of tumor specific immune response with a therapeutic intent is a very challenging approach. Oregovomab is a murine monoclonal antibody direct to the tumor-associated antigen CA125 that stimulate a host cytotoxic immune response against tumor cells expressing CA125. Areas covered: This paper reviews the preclinical and clinical published data underlying the use of oregovomab in advanced OC. A literature search was performed in PubMed for oregovomab, ovarian cancer, anti-CA125, and on ClinicalTrials.gov for currently ongoing trials. Expert opinion: Oregovomab demonstrated a significant improvement in progression-free and overall survival in advanced OC treatment when administered simultaneously with first-line chemotherapy. This promising schedule is currently investigated in a phase III trial. Since oral treatments as PARP-inhibitors have recently been approved in the OC first-line setting, the possible role of oregovomab needs still to be defined, also considering the intravenous route of administration. The easy to manage toxicity profile makes oregovomab an ideal candidate for association strategies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Ca-125/imunologia , Drogas em Investigação/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Drogas em Investigação/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(1): 983-987, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313973

RESUMO

Recently, our lab, part of a referral center in Italy, reported its experience regarding the execution of germline BRCA1/2 (gBRCA) testing during the first months of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which highlights a substantial reduction (about 60%) compared with the first 2 months of the current year. This evidence appeared to be a lockdown effect due to extraordinary restriction measures to slow down the spread of SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the overall effects of the ongoing pandemic on gBRCA testing in our institution and to understand how COVID-19 has influenced testing after the complete lockdown (March 8-May 5, 2020). Additionally, we compared this year's trend with trends of the last 3 years to better monitor gBRCA testing progress. This detailed analysis highlights two important findings: (1) gBRCA testing did not increase significantly after the lockdown period (May-October 2020) compared with the lockdown period (March-April 2020), emphasizing that even after the lockdown period testing remained low. (2) Comparing the total tests per year (January-October 2017, 2018, 2019, with 2020), the impact of COVID-19 on gBRCA testing is apparent, with similarities of trends registered in 2017. These evidences reveal a gBRCA testing delay for cancer patients and healthy patients at this moment, and the new era of gBRCA testing in the management of ovarian, breast, pancreas and prostate cancer patients has been seriously questioned due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As consequence, we underline that measures to guarantee oncogenetic testing (e.g., gBRCA testing) along with new diagnostic/clinic strategies are mandatory. For these reasons, several proposals are presented in this study.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Diagnóstico Tardio/ética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Quarentena/psicologia , /patogenicidade
14.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: With the introduction of Olaparib as target therapy for High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (HGSOC) patients with germline and somatic BRCA1/2 mutations, the genetic test performed on tumor tissue has become important like the germline test. In somatic testing the evaluation of Large Genomic Rearrangements (LGRs) represents the main challenge. We describe a droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the evaluation of target BRCA1 LGRs on blood and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE)/Fresh Frozen Tissue (FFT) samples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed blood, FFPE and FFT samples in a validation setting of n=78 HGSOC patients. We applied the ddPCR to BRCA1 exons 2, 20 and 21 as some of the most common BRCA1 exons involved in LGRs in our cohort of patients. RESULTS: The ddPCR custom assays allowed the identification of LGRs in all sample types, including FFPE specimens. Moreover, we were able to clearly detect LGRs accounted as somatic event. CONCLUSION: The introduction of ddPCR in a comprehensive workflow, encompassing both germline and somatic tests, represents an improvement in BRCA1/2 testing. ddPCR can overcome challenges related to BRCA testing, especially on FFPE analysis. Finally, ddPCR represents a promising alternative strategy to the established standard methods currently used in clinical setting.

15.
Minerva Ginecol ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306284

RESUMO

In most cancers, lymph node status is the most critical factor impacting the evolution of the disease and the overall survival. Identifying potential nodal metastasis allows the oncologist to adjust the stage and, consequently, the patient's treatment. For this reason, a precise evaluation of the regional nodes is mandatory. In gynecological cancers, pelvic, paraaortic, and inguinal nodes are the region most frequently interested by metastasis. In the past years, comprehensive lymphadenectomy was the standard of care for endometrial, cervical, ovarian, and vulvar cancers. However, after introducing the sentinel lymph node (SNL) biopsy in breast cancers, this technique has gained much more interest in gynecology oncology. Several studies have shown that SLN allows an evaluation of the node status without the complications related to the lymphadenectomy that impacts the patient's quality of life. In this review, we discuss the role of SNL biopsy in gynecological cancers and the technique's evolution over the years. Moreover, we debate the OSNA method for SLN analysis that is recently introduced for uterine cancer.

16.
Chemotherapy ; 65(3-4): 77-84, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197913

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diet may influence various aspects of human health. In fact, it is well known that diet can favour or not the development of various human pathologies, like diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. Interestingly, diet has an influence in cancer development too (e.g., this relation has been studied for pancreatic, colonic, gastric, and breast cancers). Between the mechanisms that could explain this relation, there is epigenetic. In fact, thanks to epigenetic reprogramming, certain substances introduced with diet could affect gene expression, especially of those genes involved in cells' proliferation and growth. In recent years, some studies have been published about the role that diet could have on chemotherapy outcome. Especially, various studies have analysed the effects of fasting and ketogenic diet (KD) during chemotherapy. The aim of this study is to summarize scientific evidences about diet and its effects on chemotherapy on humans and to better understand if these approaches deserve to be further investigated and might be suitable and beneficial during cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an electronic literature search of the PubMed database, using the combination of following terms: "fasting" or "ketogenic" with "chemotherapy," "cancer treatment." We included studies on humans about fasting and KD during chemotherapy, excluding reviews, case series including <10 patients, studies conducted on animals or limited to radiotherapy treatment, and studies that were mostly about molecular mechanisms. Results/Discussion In our analysis we included 4 studies (1 randomized controlled trial, 1 retrospective study, and 2 prospective pilot studies) about KD and 4 studies (1 prospective cohort study, 1 case series report, and 2 randomized trials) about fasting during oncological treatments. Authors suggested an improvement of quality of life (QoL) and fatigue in patients under chemotherapy, especially in the 8 days after chemotherapy treatment. We found that both fasting and KD demonstrated to be tolerable and feasible during oncological treatments. Conversely, data about survival outcomes are still controversial, but it should be underlined that it was not the outcome of these preliminary studies. CONCLUSIONS: All comparatives studies have demonstrated that even fasting then KD results in a reduction of collateral effects of adjuvant chemotherapy (due to reduction of drugs toxicity) and a better QoL than in patients that follow no diet. Unfortunately, despite the fact that various laboratory and animal studies confirm advantages from KD and fasting, few data are today disposable on humans: further studies are needed to confirm data exposed in this review.

17.
Gynecol Oncol ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic role of pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in surgical staging of apparent early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer (eEOC) is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential therapeutic role of systematic lymphadenectomy in patients with eEOC. METHODS: Multi-center retrospective cohort study, comparing women with apparent eEOC who underwent comprehensive bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy (defined as ≥20 lymph nodes) versus patients receiving no lymphadenectomy or lymph node sampling, from 05/1985 to 12/2016. Patients with bulky nodes at CT-scan and those without complete intra-peritoneal surgical staging were excluded. Only patients who received at least 3 cycles of platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy were included. RESULTS: Out of 2559 patients with FIGO stage IA-IIIA1 ovarian cancer, 639 (25.0%) met inclusion criteria. 360 (56.3%) underwent comprehensive lymphadenectomy, 150 (23.5%) lymph node sampling and 129 (20.2%) no lymphadenectomy. Patients who underwent comprehensive lymphadenectomy were younger (p < 0.001), experienced a higher number of severe post-operative complications (p = 0.008) and had a longer time to start chemotherapy (p = 0.034). There was no difference in intra-operative complications. Median follow-up was 63 months (range, 5-342). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 79.7% vs. 76.5% vs. 68.3% (p = 0.006), and 5-year overall survival (OS) was 92.3% vs. 94.5% vs. 89.8% (p = 0.165) in women who received comprehensive lymphadenectomy vs. lymph node sampling vs. no lymphadenectomy, respectively. Lymphadenectomy represented an independent factor for DFS improvement, HR 0.52 (95%CI 0.37-0.73) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in surgical staging of eEOC improves DFS for the price of increasing post-operative complications and time to chemotherapy but does not affect OS. Better understanding of tumor biology may help to identify those patients in whom lymphadenectomy should still play a role.

18.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The management of pregnant women with an adnexal tumor is still challenging and in the literature few data are available. The aim of this study was to describe the management and outcome of patients with ovarian masses detected during pregnancy. As secondary aims, we evaluated the prevalence of malignancy in the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) morphological classes of ovarian masses diagnosed during pregnancy, and created an algorithm for the management of patients with adnexal masses during pregnancy. METHODS: This was a retrospective single centered study including patients with adnexal masses detected at any trimester during pregnancy between January 2000 and December 2019. Clinical, ultrasound, surgical, and histological data were retrieved from medical records as well as information on management (ultrasound follow-up vs surgery). Indications for surgery were recorded in terms of suspicion of malignancy based on pattern recognition of the ultrasound examiner or on symptoms or prevention of complications, such as torsion, rupture, or obstacle to normal full-term pregnancy. All masses were described using IOTA terminology. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients were selected for the analysis. Of these, 48 (42%) patients had surveillance and 65 (58%) patients underwent surgery (11 primary ovarian tumors, one recurrence of ovarian cancer, four metastases to the ovary, 20 borderline tumors, and 29 benign lesions). Indications for surgery were suspicious malignancy in 41/65 (63.1%) cases and symptoms or prevention of complications in 24/65 (36.9%) cases. All patients in the surveillance group showed no morphological changes of the ovarian lesions at 6 months after delivery. According to the IOTA ultrasound morphological category, the prevalence of malignancy was 0% (0/37) in the unilocular cyst group, 27% (4/15) in the multilocular group, 35% (11/31) in the unilocular solid group, 70% (14/20) in the multilocular solid group, and 70% (7/10) in the solid group. Neither obstetric nor neonatal complications were reported for patients in the surveillance group or in those with benign, borderline, or primary epithelial invasive histology. In contrast, two neonatal deaths were observed in patients with ovarian choriocarcinoma and ovarian metastases. Three of the four patients with ovarian metastases died after pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: IOTA ultrasound morphological classification seems useful in the characterization of ovarian masses during pregnancy. A clinical and morphological based algorithm for counseling patients has been designed.

19.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183120

RESUMO

Introduction: Pembrolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor with high specificity for binding to the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor. It has been approved by the FDA in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Areas covered: Clinical studies of pembrolizumab in cervical cancer were analyzed and discussed. Data were obtained by searching for English peer-reviewed articles on PubMed, clinical trials registered on clincaltrials.gov and related abstracts on the ASCO meeting library. The aim was to review the status of pembrolizumab, the published and ongoing trials, and its safety and efficacy. Expert opinion: Pembrolizumab may ultimately represent a treatment of choice for advanced cervical cancer with PD-L1 expression, both in metastatic and recurrent setting. However, it is essential to better identify and characterize patients that will benefit the most.

20.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152105

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of peritoneal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in different clinical cervical cancer (CC) settings, and its association with potential clinical and/or histological factors. This is a single-center, prospective, observational study. Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent/persistent CC, between March 2019 and April 2020, were included. A group of patients undergoing surgery for benign gynecological conditions was included as control group. All patients underwent HPV-DNA test in the cervix and in the peritoneal cavity simultaneously at time of surgery. Two-hundred seventy-two patients had cervical and peritoneal HPV test analyzed. Cervical and peritoneal HPV positivity (PHP) was found in 235 (88.0%) and 78 (28.7%) patients, respectively; the prevalence of PHP was 17.7% in early stage, 28.8% in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) and 46.6% in the metastatic/persistent/recurrent setting (P = .001). No control patient was found to have peritoneal HPV infection. Higher frequency of PHP was documented in patients with larger tumor size (P = .003), presence of cervical HPV 16/18 genotypes (P < .001), higher number of cervical high-risk (HR)-HPV per patient (P = .018) and peritoneal carcinomatosis (P < .001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lack of preoperative cervical conization in early stages (P = .030), while higher International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (P = .021) and presence of cervical HPV 16/18 (P = .001) in LACC, was associated with PHP. This is a proof-of-concept study. A number of potential clinical implications, including prognosis, could be obtained by further studies.

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