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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25717, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been used to prevent emergence agitation (EA) in children. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate whether DEX decreases EA incidence without augmenting oculocardiac reflex (OCR) in pediatric patients undergoing strabismus surgery. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang, and the Cochrane Library to collect the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of intraoperative DEX in children undergoing strabismus surgery from inception to October 2019. Postoperative Pediatric Agitation and Emergence Delirium (PAED) score, postoperative EA, extubation or laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal time, postanesthetic care unit (PACU) stay time, OCR, and postoperative vomiting (POV) were evaluated. RESULTS: 11 RCTs including 801 patients were included in this study. Compared with control group, intravenous DEX significantly reduced postoperative PAED score (WMD, 3.05; 95% CI: -3.82 to -2.27, P = .017) and incidences of postoperative EA 69% (RR, 0.31; 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.55, P < .00) and POV (RR, 0.28; 95% CI: 0.13 to 0.61, P = .001). Furthermore, the use of DEX significantly delayed extubation or LMA removal time (WMD, 2.11; 95% CI: 0.25 to 3.97, P < .001). No significant difference was found in the incidence of ORC and PACU stay time. CONCLUSION: Intravenous DEX reduced the incidences of EA without increasing OCR in pediatric patients undergoing strabismus surgery. Meanwhile, DEX infusion decreased the incidence of POV in children.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Delírio do Despertar/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/efeitos adversos , Reflexo Oculocardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Delírio do Despertar/epidemiologia , Delírio do Despertar/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Injeções Intravenosas , Período Perioperatório , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estrabismo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Psychiatr Res ; 138: 584-590, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992981

RESUMO

Studies of the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and childhood/adolescent psychopathology in large samples examined one outcome only, and/or general (e.g., 'psychological distress') or aggregate (e.g., 'any anxiety disorder') measures of psychopathology. Thus, in the only representative sample of New York City public school 4th-12th graders (N = 8202) surveyed after the attacks of 9/11/2001, this study examined whether (1) indices of neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, Quality, and Safety and (2) neighborhood disadvantage (defined as multidimensional combinations of SES, Quality and Safety indicators) are associated with eight psychiatric disorders: posttraumatic stress disorder, separation anxiety disorder (SAD), agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, major depression, conduct disorder, and alcohol use disorder (AUD). (1) The odds ratios (OR) of psychiatric disorders were between 0.55 (AUD) and 1.55 (agoraphobia), in low and intermediate-low SES neighborhoods, respectively, between 0.50 (AUD) and 2.54 (agoraphobia) in low Quality neighborhoods, and between 0.52 (agoraphobia) and 0.65 (SAD) in low Safety neighborhoods. (2) In neighborhoods characterized by high disadvantage, the OR were between 0.42 (AUD) and 1.36 (SAD). This study suggests that neighborhood factors are important social determinants of childhood/adolescent psychopathology, even in the aftermath of mass trauma. At the community level, interventions on modifiable neighborhood characteristics and targeted resources allocation to high-risk contexts could have a cost-effective broad impact on children's mental health. At the individual-level, increased knowledge of the living environment during psychiatric assessment and treatment could improve mental health outcomes; for example, specific questions about neighborhood factors could be incorporated in DSM-5's Cultural Formulation Interview.

3.
Fitoterapia ; 152: 104913, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932529

RESUMO

Vine tea has been used as a traditionally functional herbal tea in China for centuries, which exhibits paramount potential for chronic metabolic diseases. Herein, the inhibitory potential of vine tea toward human catechol-O-methyltransferase (hCOMT) was investigated. A practical bioactivity-guided fractionation combined with chemical profiling strategy was developed to identify the naturally occurring hCOMT inhibitors. Five flavonoids in vine tea displayed moderate to strong inhibition on hCOMT with IC50 values ranging from 0.96 µM to 42.47 µM, in which myricetin was the critically potent constituent against hCOMT. Inhibition kinetics assays and molecular docking simulations showed that myricetin could bind to the active site of COMT and inhibited COMT-catalyzed 3-BTD methylation in a mixed manner. Collectively, our findings not only suggested that the strong hCOMT inhibition of vine tea has guiding significance in the drug exposure of catechol drugs, but also identified a promising lead compound for developing more efficacious hCOMT inhibitors.

4.
Int J Dermatol ; 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an immune regulator expressed on the surface of activated T cells, programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) plays an important role in psoriasis. However, whether PDCD1 genetic polymorphism is associated with psoriasis has yet to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between polymorphisms of the immune-related gene PDCD1 and psoriasis susceptibility in the Chinese population, to illustrate the genetic mechanism of psoriasis and provide new research ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis (PS). METHODS: Overall, 128 psoriasis patients and 88 healthy controls were included in this study. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-Sanger sequencing analysis, six PDCD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were sequenced: PD1.1, PD1.3, PD1.4, PD1.5, PD1.6, and PD1.9. RESULTS: Among the six tested SNPs, PD1.6 showed a significant association with psoriasis in genotype and allele frequency distribution. The G allele of PD1.6 increased the risk of psoriasis (P = 0.03). In contrast, the other five SNPs failed to show association with psoriasis. Further analysis within the patient group showed that the frequency of the PD1.6 G allele was relatively high in severe psoriasis, but the difference was nonsignificant. CONCLUSION: PDCD1 gene polymorphism is associated with psoriasis. The population carrying PD1.6 allele G are at a higher risk of developing psoriasis, though the severity of psoriasis does not correlate with PD1.6 polymorphism.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881819

RESUMO

Exploring active materials with a high rate capability and long lifespan for sodium ion batteries attracts much more attention and plays an important role in realizing clean energy storage and conversion. The strategy of optimizing the electronic structure by atomic element substitution within MoS2 layers was employed to change the inherent physical property. The enhanced electronic conductivity from a decreased bandgap and increased surface Na+ adsorption energy can efficiently and dramatically optimize the electrochemical performance for sodium storage. Attempting to limit the large volume variation and avoid MoS2 nanosheet stacking and restacking, numerous nanosheets are in situ grown into a designed hierarchical mesopore carbon matrix. This structure can tightly capture the nanosheets to prevent them from aggregating and offer a sufficient buffer zone for alleviating severe volume changes during the discharging/charging process, contributing remarkably to the structural integrity and superior rate performance of electrodes.

6.
Mol Biol Evol ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871625

RESUMO

Resolving the genomic basis underlying phenotypic variations is a question of great importance in evolutionary biology. However, understanding how genotypes determine the phenotypes is still challenging. Centuries of artificial selective breeding for beauty and aggression resulted in a plethora of colors, long fin varieties, and hyper-aggressive behavior in the air-breathing Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), supplying an excellent system for studying the genomic basis of phenotypic variations. Combining whole genome sequencing, QTL mapping, genome-wide association studies and genome editing, we investigated the genomic basis of huge morphological variation in fins and striking differences in coloration in the fighting fish. Results revealed that the double tail, elephant ear, albino and fin spot mutants each were determined by single major-effect loci. The elephant ear phenotype was likely related to differential expression of a potassium ion channel gene, kcnh8. The albinotic phenotype was likely linked to a cis-regulatory element acting on the mitfa gene and the double tail mutant was suggested to be caused by a deletion in a zic1/zic4 co-enhancer. Our data highlight that major loci and cis-regulatory elements play important roles in bringing about phenotypic innovations and establish Bettas as new powerful model to study the genomic basis of evolved changes.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 598: 229-237, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901848

RESUMO

Interfacial defects result in a limitation to the development of highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells. The passivation of these defects by adopting various interfacial defects passivation agents is a common method for boosting device performance. However, most existing interfacial defects passivation agents form poorly conductive aggregates at the perovskite interface with the electron transport layer (ETL), hindering the transport of charge carriers. In addition, the electron mobility of passivation agents is an important factor that affects the electron communication between the adjacent layers. Herein, a fullerene-based molecular passivator, [60]fullerene-4-(1-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)benzenaminium (C60-tBu-I), is designed and synthesized. This novel n-doping fullerene ammonium iodide is developed as an interfacial modification agent to accelerate charge transport from the perovskite active layer into the ETL while hindering the nonradiative charge carrier recombination. Hence, compared with the control devices (15.66%), C60-tBu-I-modified device presents a higher efficiency of 17.75%. More importantly, the tert-butyl group dramatically enhances the resistance of perovskite films to water molecular. As a result, C60-tBu-I-modified devices exhibit excellent long-term stability, remaining at more than 87% of the initial power conversion efficiency value after storage for 500 h.

8.
J Psychiatr Res ; 138: 349-353, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906123

RESUMO

While both direct and indirect exposure to mass trauma are increasing in the United States, relatively little is known about the potential link between mass trauma and risk of panic disorder early in life. It is also unclear whether history of prior individual trauma increases risk of panic disorder even further among those with exposure to mass trauma. The current study investigated the association between exposure to a mass trauma event (the World Trade Center (WTC) attack) and risk of panic disorder among children, how panic disorder varies by exposure severity and sociodemographic characteristics, and whether there is an interaction between individual and mass trauma exposure in the risk of panic disorder. Data were from an epidemiologic study of probable mental disorders among New York City schoolchildren exposed to the WTC terrorist attack. Severe (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.0 (1.1, 3.7)) exposure to the WTC disaster was associated with increased odds of probable panic disorder, relative to mild exposure. The prevalence of panic disorder increased with higher level of WTC exposure among all sociodemographic strata. Prior individual trauma exposure was associated with increased odds of panic disorder (AOR = 2.4 (1.6, 3.5)), but there was no evidence of interaction between prior individual trauma exposure and exposure to the WTC disaster. Preventive measures to address the widespread nature of mass disaster exposure at increasingly earlier ages and via media could mitigate the potential impact on mental health.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805213

RESUMO

Polyimide diffractive membrane lens can be used in space optical telescope to reduce the size and mass of an imaging system. However, traditional commercial aromatic polyimide membrane is hard to meet the challenging requirements of dimensional stability and optical homogeneity for optical use. Based on molecular structure design and the optimization of fabrication process, the prepared copolyamide-imide membrane achieved the desired performance of membrane as an optical material. It showed a very low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), which is 0.95 ppm/°C over a temperature range of -150-100 °C and relatively low coefficient of moisture expansion (CME), which is only 13.30 ppm/% RH (0~90% RH). For the optical use, the prepared copolyamide-imide membrane (φ200 mm) achieved good thickness uniformity with wave-front error smaller than λ/30 (λ = 632 nm) in RMS (root mean square). Besides, it simultaneously meets the optical, thermal, and mechanical requirements for space telescope use. Copolyamide-imide membranes in this research with good comprehensive performance can be used as large aperture membrane optical system architectures.

10.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-9, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663633

RESUMO

N-3 long-chain (≥C20) PUFA (LC-PUFA) are vital fatty acids for fish and humans. As a main source of n-3 LC-PUFA for human consumers, the n-3 LC-PUFA content of farmed fish is important. Previously, we identified fatty acid-binding protein (fabp)-4 as a candidate gene for regulating the n-3 LC-PUFA content. Herein, we further assessed the role of fabp4 in this process. First, a 2059 bp promoter sequence of fabp4 in Trachinotus ovatus was cloned and, using progressive deletion, determined -2006 bp to -1521 bp to be the core promoter sequence. The PPAR-γ binding sites were predicted to occur in this region. A luciferase reporter assay showed that the promoter activity of fabp4 decreased following mutation of the PPARγ binding site and that PPARγ increased the fabp4 promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner, implying that T. ovatus fabp4 is a target of PPARγ. The overexpression of fabp4 or PPARγ increased the DHA content in hepatocytes, whereas suppression of their expression diminished this effect, suggesting that both fabp4 and PPARγ play an active role in regulating DHA content. Moreover, the inhibition of fabp4 attenuated the increase in PPARγ-mediated DHA content, and the overexpression of fabp4 alleviated this effect. Collectively, our findings indicated that fabp4, which is controlled by PPARγ, plays an important role in DHA content regulation. The new regulation axis can be considered a promising novel target for increasing the n-3 LC-PUFA content in T. ovatus.

11.
Waste Manag ; 126: 141-151, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756114

RESUMO

The coupling of sanitation system and agriculture production is essential to mitigate the environmental burden and offset unsustainable fertilizer utilization by employing resource-oriented sanitation. Yet, the economic feasibility and energy recovery potential from domestic waste have rarely been investigated. To assess four scenarios (whether with kitchen waste separation; whether with energy recovery) in the resource-oriented sanitation system, an integrated assessment framework based on energy analysis and techno-economic analysis is employed to investigate the comprehensive sanitation system including both wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal. The results show that energy recovery from human excreta and kitchen waste can offset the energy consumption of the sanitation system and the energy surplus can even be 1067.70 kJ·PE-1·day-1. The optimum covering range of the regional recovery center was quantified from the balance between scale effect and spatial distribution, and the serving inhabitants need to be more than 2800.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Purificação da Água , Agricultura , Fertilizantes , Humanos , Saneamento , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548831

RESUMO

Pagiophloeus tsushimanus is a new, destructive, and monophagous weevil pest that thrives on Cinnamomum camphora, found in Shanghai. The functions of chemosensory genes involved in the host location and intraspecific communication of P. tsushimanus remain unknown. The male-female transcriptomes of P. tsushimanus adults were assembled using Illumina sequencing, and we focused on all chemosensory genes in transcriptomes. In general, 58,088 unigenes with a mean length of 1018.19 bp were obtained. In total, 39 odorant binding proteins (OBPs), 10 chemosensory proteins (CSPs), 22 olfactory receptors (ORs), 16 gustatory receptors (GRs), eight ionotropic receptors (IRs), and five sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) were identified. PtsuOBPs comprised four subfamilies (20 Minus-C, one Plus-C, two Dimer, and 15 Classic). Both PtsuOBPs and PtsuCSPs contained a highly conserved sequence motif of cysteine residues. PtsuORs including one olfactory receptor co-receptors (Ptsu/Orco) comprised seven predicted transmembrane domains. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that PtsuOBPs, PtsuCSPs, and PtsuORs in P. tsushimanus exhibited low homology compared to other insect species. The results of tissue- and sex-specific expression patterns indicated that PtsuOBPs and PtsuORs were highly abundant in the antennae; whereas, PtsuCSPs were not only highly abundant in antennae, but also abdominal apexes, wings, and legs. In conclusion, these results enrich the gene database of P. tsushimanus, which may serve as a basis for identifying novel targets to disrupt olfactory key genes and may provide a reverse validation method to identify attractants for formulating potential eco-friendly control strategies for this pest.

13.
Clin Transl Sci ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493392

RESUMO

Ivosidenib is a once daily (q.d.), orally available, potent mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (mIDH1) inhibitor approved for treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and intensive chemotherapy ineligible AML with a susceptible IDH1 mutation. Population pharmacokinetics (PKs; N = 253), exposure-response (efficacy [n = 201] and safety [n = 253]), and concentration-corrected electrocardiogram QT interval (QTc; n = 171) analyses were performed using phase I data (100 mg twice daily and 300-1200 mg q.d.). Ivosidenib disposition was well-described by a two-compartment PK model with first-order absorption and elimination. Between-subject variability was moderate for PK parameters. Intrinsic factors did not affect ivosidenib PKs. Moderate/strong CYP3A4 inhibitors increased the area under the plasma ivosidenib concentration-time curve at steady state (AUCss ) by 60%. Efficacy responders and nonresponders had similar ivosidenib exposures. Based on AUCss , there was no apparent relationship between ivosidenib exposure and efficacy or adverse events. The plasma ivosidenib concentration-QT analysis showed a mean change in QTc using Fridericia's method (ΔQTcF) of 17.2 msec at the approved 500 mg q.d. dose. Because of the direct association between ivosidenib exposure and QTcF, patients should have their electrocardiograms and electrolytes monitored, and comedications that increase ivosidenib exposure or prolong the QT interval should be avoided. These model-based analyses quantitatively provide a framework to describe the relationship among ivosidenib dose, exposure, and clinical end points. With precautions for QTc prolongation, the exposure-response analyses support the 500 mg q.d. dose in patients with AML with a susceptible IDH1 mutation.

14.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 833-842, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481351

RESUMO

Increasing circRNAs have attracted a lot of attention because of their significant biological effects in many diseases. It has been reported that circ_0008305 can modulate lung cancer progression. However, the association between circ_0008305 and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) needs to be well explored. In this current research, we studied the molecular function and potential mechanism of circ_0008305 in HCC progression. First, it was demonstrated that circ_0008305 was greatly increased in HCC tissues and cells. Moreover, we observed silencing circ_0008305 markedly repressed HCC cells in vitro growth and reduced tumor growth in vivo. Additionally, it was identified that circ_0008305 can act as a sponge of miR-660 while miR-660 targeted Bcl-2-associated athanogene 5 (BAG5). BAG5 belongs to a member of BAG family and it is involved in multiple diseases. We reported that circ_0008305 contributed to the inhibition of miR-660, which resulted in an upregulated expression of BAG5 in HCC. Subsequently, rescue assays were conducted and it was indicated that loss of BAG5 reversed the effects of miR-660 inhibitors on HCC partially. To sum up, it was illustrated by our study that circ_0008305-mediated miR-660-5p/BAG5 axis triggered HCC progression, which could provide a novel insight on the underlying mechanism of HCC progression.

15.
Brain Res Bull ; 169: 51-62, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434623

RESUMO

Retinal detachment refers to the separation of the retinal neuroepithelium and pigment epithelium, usually involving the death of photoreceptor cells. Severe detachment may lead to permanent visual impairment if not treated properly and promptly. According to the underlying causes, retinal detachment falls into one of three categories: exudative retinal detachment, traction detachment, and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Like many other diseases, it is difficult to study the pathophysiology of retinal detachment directly in humans, because the human retinal tissues are precious, scarce and non-regenerative; thus, establishing experimental models that better mimic the disease is necessary. In this review, we summarize the existing models of the three categories of retinal detachment both in vivo and in vitro, along with an overview of their examination methods and the major strengths and weaknesses of each model.

16.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 36(2): 237-242, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399036

RESUMO

With the progress in science and technology, hazardous chemicals are becoming more essential in chemical products, industrial and agricultural production, and daily life. Hazardous chemicals have poisoning, corrosive, explosive, and combusting natures; once on fire, they can trigger a chain of catastrophic incidences, resulting in casualties, property loss, and environmental pollution and posing hazards to life and property. Using the "8-12" explosion of the Ruihai Logistics warehouse in Tianjin Port (Binhai New District, China), the present study analyzes the characteristics of trauma of the casualties in this accident and the emergency medical rescue strategies. The goals were to improve the ability of emergency rescue in such accidents and to save people's lives and property to the maximum extent.

17.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 41(4): 195-204, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the febuxostat and allopurinol in hyperuricemic patients diagnosed with or without Gout. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the Pubmed, Cochrane and Embase electronic databases to identify the studies concerning febuxostat versus allopurinol in treatment of hyperuricemic subjects and/or gout updated to May, 2020. After rigorous evaluation on quality, the data was extracted from included publications. RESULTS: A total of 10 articles involving 6989 subjects were included, with 4841 receiving febuxostat and 2148 using allopurinol. The pooled analysis showed that the febuxostat group (40, 80, or 120 mg QD) was greater in reducing serum urate levels than the allopurinol group (200 or 300 mg) (RR=1.56, 95% CI=1.37-1.78, P<0.00001). In addition, daily dosing of febuxostat 80 mg had greater efficacy to that of febuxostat 40 mg (RR=1.47, 95% CI=1.34-1.60, P<0.00001), and febuxostat 120 mg/day was associated with lower serum urate levels versus febuxostat 80 mg/day (RR=1.08, 95% CI=1.02-1.13, P=0.004). In terms of the adverse events, the pooling overall adverse events data did achieve advantage in the febuxostat group (RR=0.96, 95% CI=0.92-1.00, P=0.04). While, liver function test abnormalitie , diarrhea, skin rashes, musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, headaches, the statistical significance between the two groups fail to be achieved (P≥0.05). CONCLUSION: Febuxostat was superior in reducing the serum urate levels of hyperuricemic patients, while with an acceptable tolerability profile than allopurinol. Moreover, our result suggested that dose titration to febuxostat 120 mg daily was superior to other daily dosing with regard to urate-lowering efficacy.

18.
Blood ; 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024987

RESUMO

Ivosidenib (AG-120) and enasidenib (AG-221) are targeted, oral inhibitors of the mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase (mIDH) 1 and 2 enzymes, respectively. Given their effectiveness as single agents in mIDH1/2 relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), this phase 1 study evaluated the safety and efficacy of ivosidenib or enasidenib combined with intensive chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed mIDH1/2 AML. Ivosidenib 500 mg once daily and enasidenib 100 mg once daily were well tolerated in this setting, with safety profiles generally consistent with those of induction and consolidation chemotherapy alone. The frequency of IDH differentiation syndrome was low, as expected given the concurrent administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy. In patients receiving ivosidenib, the frequency and grades of QT interval prolongation were similar to those observed with ivosidenib monotherapy. Increases in total bilirubin were more frequently observed in patients treated with enasidenib, consistent with this inhibitor's known potential to inhibit UGT1A1, but did not appear to have significant clinical consequences. In patients receiving ivosidenib (n = 60) or enasidenib (n = 91), end-of-induction complete remission (CR) rates were 55% and 47%, respectively, and CR/CR with incomplete neutrophil or platelet recovery (CR/CRi/CRp) rates were 72% and 63%, respectively. In patients with a best overall response of CR/CRi/CRp, 16/41 (39%) receiving ivosidenib had IDH1 mutation clearance and 15/64 (23%) receiving enasidenib had IDH2 mutation clearance by digital polymerase chain reaction; furthermore, 16/20 (80%) and 10/16 (63%), respectively, became negative for measurable residual disease by multiparameter flow cytometry. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02632708.

19.
Opt Express ; 28(22): 33739-33746, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115033

RESUMO

The etching uniformity of diffractive membrane optical elements with an irregular shape was investigated. A deteriorative uniformity of electron number density and electron temperature was found according to finite element analysis of plasma discharge. A designable equivalent electrode was proposed to weaken the influence of introducing the unconventional, irregular sample. Improved uniformity of etching depths was demonstrated experimentally, assisting by the designable equivalent electrode. The demonstration of the designable equivalent electrode provides a beneficial solution for the fabrication of unconventional optical elements and an effective means for adjusting and controlling plasma characteristics.

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