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1.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 9(2): e00745, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723868

RESUMO

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) increases the risk of maternal death worldwide. Heat-stable carbetocin, a long-acting oxytocin analog, is a newer uterotonic agent. Clinicians do not fully understand its side-effects, particularly the unanticipated side-effects. The aim of this study is to investigate the side-effects of carbetocin to PPH. The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed, Elsevier ScienceDirect, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched from the inception to September 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that considered pregnant women who received carbetocin before delivery and provided at least one adverse event were included. Statistical analysis included random or fixed-effect meta-analyses using relative risk. Stratified analyses and sensitivity analyses were also performed. Begger's and Egger's test and funnel plots were used to assess the publication bias. Seventeen RCTs involving 32,702 women were included, and all these studies ranked as medium- to high-quality. Twenty-four side-effects were reported. The use of carbetocin had a lower risk of vomiting in intravenously (0.53, 0.30 to 0.93) and cesarean birth (0.51, 0.32 to 0.81) women, and had a slightly higher risk of diarrhea (8.00, 1.02 to 62.79) compared with oxytocin intervention. No significant difference was found among other side-effects. Evidence from our systematic review and meta-analysis of 17 RCTs suggested that the risk of vomiting decreased with carbetocin use in the prevention of PPH after delivery.

2.
J Robot Surg ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651315

RESUMO

To evaluate the safety and feasibility of treating stage I-IV endometriosis patients with robotic single-site surgery (RSSS). A retrospective chart review was conducted on 334 patients with endometriosis treated by a single surgeon at a university hospital from January 2015 to November 2019. Surgeries were performed in a single institution between 2015 and 2019. All patients presented with pelvic pain and underwent surgical resection of the lesion. American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) standards were used to classify endometriosis. The primary goal of this study is to investigate the feasibility and safety of RSSS for surgical resection of stage I-IV endometriosis patients. We will compare patient characteristics and surgical parameters, such as blood loss, operating time, and postoperative complications, across different endometriosis stages to evaluate the effectiveness of this novel technique. RSSS was used for all cases, with no conversions to laparotomy or traditional laparoscopy. One to two additional ports were placed in 41 patients with deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) involving the colorectal and urinary tract and/or extensive pelvic adhesions. Across patient groups, there were no significant differences in age, BMI, fertility history, abdominal surgery history, and hysterectomy ratio (P > 0.05). The median operation time was 140.25 min (range: 85.50-260.00 min, P < 0.05) and median blood loss was 31.25 mL (range: 15-100 mL, P < 0.05). Histopathology supported the diagnosis in 259/334 patients. The undiagnosed patients were associated with lower ASRM scores. For 83.3% of patients (295/334), the length of hospital stay was < 24 h. The postoperative complication rate was 6.0% (20/334), although only two cases were severe. Our results indicate that RSSS is an alternative, safe, and acceptable platform for the surgical treatment of all stages of endometriosis.

3.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-13, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563055

RESUMO

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia contributing to stroke and sudden cardiac death. Numbers of studies indicated that patients with inflammatory arthritis have an increased risk of AF. The present study aims to assess the risk of AF in inflammatory arthritis patients.Methods: We systematically searched cohort studies regarding the risk of AF in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, or spondyloarthritis through PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trials Registry, and China National Knowledge from inception to August 1, 2019. Meta-analysis was performed using fixed effect model, estimating both crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analysis and meta-regression based on geographic characteristics, comorbidities, and medication use were conducted to explore the source of heterogeneity.Results: Literature search identified 388 potentially relevant studies, and five studies containing seven cohorts of rheumatoid arthritis or spondyloarthritis were included in the meta-analysis. The AF risk of inflammatory arthritis patients was significantly increased compared with health controls (HR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.36 to 1.49, Z = 14.17, P < .001), and the pooled HR of studies adjusted factor, like demographic characteristics, medications use, and comorbidities, was 1.37 (95% CI: 1.29 to 1.46; Z = 9.82, P < .001).Conclusion: Patients with inflammatory arthritis have increased risk of AF, probably due to the underlying chronic inflammation. Although various confounders have been adjusted like medications use and comorbidities, the risk of AF is still significantly increased in inflammatory arthritis patients.Abbreviations: AF: Atrial fibrillation; AS: Ankylosing spondylitis; CI: Confidence interval; HR: Hazard ratio; NOS: Newcastle-Ottawa scale; NSAIDs: Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs; PsA: Psoriatic arthritis; RA: Rheumatoid arthritis; SpA: Spondyloarthritis; TNFi: Tumor necrosis factors inhibitor; uSpA: Undifferentiated spondyloarthritis.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 210: 111854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prospective correlation between serum metals before 24 weeks' gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose in the late second trimester among southern Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 8169 pregnant women were included in our retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between metals (Manganese [Mn], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], calcium [Ca], zinc [Zn], magnesium [Mg]) and GDM. Quantile regression was performed to detect the shifts and associations with metals and three time-points glucose distribution of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) focused on the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was used to explore the relationship of metal mixtures and GDM as well as glucose. RESULTS: Maternal serum concentrations of metals were assessed at mean 16.55 ± 2.92 weeks' gestation. Women with under weight might have 25% decreased risk of GDM for every 50% increase in Cu concentration within the safe limits. A 50% increase in Mn and Zn levels was related to a 0.051 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.033-0.070) and 0.059 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.040-0.079) increase in mean fasting plasma glucose of OGTT (OGTT0), respectively. The magnitude of association with Mn was smaller at the upper tail of OGTT0 distribution, while the magnitude of correlation with Zn was greater at the upper tail. However, there was a 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.017 to -0.008), 0.028 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.049 to -0.007), and 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.057 to -0.016) decrease in mean OGTT0 levels for every 50% increase in Pb, Ca, and Mg, respectively. The negative association of Pb, Ca, and Mg was greater at the lower tail of OGTT0 distribution. No significant relationship was observed in Cu and mean OGTT0 level (-0.010 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.021 to 0.001), however, it showed a protective effect at the upper tail (-0.034 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.049 to -0.017). No obvious correlation was found between metals and postprandial glucose levels (OGTT1 and OGTT2 from OGTT). The WQS index was significantly related to OGTT0 (P < 0.001). The contribution of Mn (80.19%) to metal mixture index was the highest related to OGTT0, followed by Cu (19.81%). CONCLUSIONS: Higher Mn and Zn but lower Pb, Ca, and Mg concentrations within a certain range before 24 weeks' gestation might prospectively impair fasting plasma glucose during pregnancy; a greater focus is required on Mn. It could provide early markers of metal for predicting later glucose and suggest implement intervention for pregnant women.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Monitoramento Biológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
5.
Gene ; : 145187, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem given its high incidence and mortality. This study focuses on examining the associations between IL-1α, IL-1ß, and IL-1RN polymorphisms and colorectal cancer susceptibility. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) and Wan Fang databases was conducted to identify relevant studies. Relevant data were extracted from the original included studies. The correlation was demonstrated based on the odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Publication bias was investigated by Egger's line regression test and Begg's funnel plot. RESULTS: Eighteen independent studies involving 6218 cases and 10160 controls were eligible for this pooled analysis. Overall, the result revealed that the IL-1α rs3783553 polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of CRC (G vs. C, OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.90-1.15, I2 = 51%, P = 0.78; GG vs. CC, OR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.04-3.74, I2 = 70%, P = 0.04; GC vs. CC, OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.12-2.75, I2 = 42%, P = 0.01; GG + GC vs. CC, OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.08-3.18, I2 = 63%, P = 0.03; and GG vs. GC + CC, OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.04-1.58, I2 = 39%, P = 0.02), and significance was also noted for IL-1RN VNTR under the dominant model (22 + 2L vs. LL, OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.01-2.19, I2 = 77%, P = 0.045) and allelic contrast model (2 vs. L, OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.00-1.64, I2 = 58.6%, P = 0.047). For IL-1ß + 31C/T, significance was observed in the dominant model (CC + CT vs. TT, OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.69-0.99, I2 = 52%, P = 0.034) and the heterozygous model (CT vs. TT, OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.65-0.98, I2 = 60%, P = 0.04). For IL-1ß + 511 C/T, a significant association was noted in four gene models (CT vs. TT, OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.63-0.83, I2 = 0%, P < 0.001; CC + CT vs. TT, OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.65-0.84, I2 = 0%, P < 0.001; CC vs. TT, OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.65-0.91, I2 = 30.9%, P = 0.003; C vs. T, OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.80-0.95, I2 = 38%, P = 0.001), but a significant relationship was not found in the recessive model (CC vs. CT + TT, OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.86-1.38, I2 = 57.1%, P = 0.25). In addition, borderline statistical significance was noted between IL-1ß + 3954 Ins/Del and CRC in the homozygous model, but no significance was identified for IL-1ß + 3737 G/A, Il-1ß + 1464 G/C, and IL-1RN + 2018 T/C under all five genetic models. In the subgroup analysis of ethnic groups, significant associations with CRC were found for IL-1ß + 31 (CC vs. TT: OR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.67-0.99, I2 = 20.2%, P = 0.04; CT vs. TT: OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.47-0.82, I2 = 0%, P < 0.001; CC + CT vs. TT: OR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.55-0.87, I2 = 29.7%, P = 0.001), IL-1ß + 511 (CT vs. TT, OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.55-0.77, I2 = 0%, P < 0.001; CC + CT vs. TT, OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.58-0.78, I2 = 0%, P < 0.001; C vs. T, OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.75-0.92, I2 = 49.6%, P < 0.001) and IL-1RN + 2018 T/C in the allelic contrast model (T vs. C, OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.44-0.98, I2 = 0%, P = 0.04) among Asians but not in Caucasians. A significant association between IL-1ß + 1464 G/C polymorphisms in Caucasians was observed under the recessive model (OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.77-0.98, I2 = 45%, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: The current meta-analysis demonstrated that IL-1α rs3783553, IL-1ß + 31C/T, IL-1ß + 511C/T, and IL-1RN VNTR are critical genes for CRC susceptibility.

6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106948, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is still an unmet need for a simple and reliable biomarker for diagnosis and disease activity of spondyloarthritis. Recent studies indicated that calprotectin could act as a biomarker for spondyloarthritis. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the levels of serum and fecal calprotectin in spondyloarthritis and the associations with disease activity. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched from inception to July 1st, 2019. The pooled standard mean differences (SMDs) were used to estimate the differences of the levels of serum and fecal calprotectin between spondyloarthritis patients and controls. Spearman correlation coefficients were used for evaluating the associations between the levels of serum and fecal calprotectin and disease activity of spondyloarthritis patients. The use of fixed-effect or random-effects model depended on heterogeneity. RESULTS: Among 257 searched studies, 20 studies were finally included for analysis. Serum and fecal calprotectin were both significantly increased in spondyloarthritis patients compared to matched controls (SMD = 1.49, 95% CI = 0.91 to 2.08; SMD = 2.29, 95% CI = 0.25 to 4.33). The pooled correlation coefficients between serum or fecal calprotectin and CRP, ESR, BASDAI and BASFI were 0.353, 0.228, 0.225, 0.131 and 0.185, 0.163, 0.280, 0.196 respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that serum and fecal calprotectin were significantly increased in spondyloarthritis patients, and associated with disease activity. Serum and fecal calprotectin were potential biomarkers for the diagnosis and disease activity of spondyloarthritis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the preterm birth and additional perinatal outcomes between spontaneous and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) dichorionic-diamnionic (DCDA) twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary university-affiliated medical center. All women with DCDA twin pregnancies were considered for inclusion. The primary outcome of interest was preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation and secondary outcomes included spontaneous preterm birth, iatrogenic (induced) preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. These outcomes were compared between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous twin pregnancies. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation models were used to address intertwin correlation. RESULTS: A total of 1297 twin pregnancies, including 213 spontaneous and 1084 IVF/ICSI DCDA pregnancies, met the inclusion criteria. Women with IVF/ICSI pregnancies were older and had higher body mass index, adherence with prenatal care and proportion of nulliparity. After adjustment for confounders, IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.72; 95% CI 1.24-2.39), iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (aOR 1.41; 95% CI 1.00-1.97) as well as NICU admission (aOR 1.34; 95% CI 1.00-1.80). IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a decrease in PPROM (aOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.42-0.99). There were no differences between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA pregnancies in terms of spontaneous preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: IVF/ICSI DCDA twin pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, and NICU admission but with a decrease in PPROM. Other outcomes were comparable between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA twin pregnancies. Multicenter studies with adequate power remain warranted.

8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 465, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence has suggested that lower gestational vitamin D levels might increase the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The results remain inconsistent and require further exploration. METHODS: A total of 2814 Chinese mother-infant pairs were included in this retrospective cohort study. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were reviewed in early pregnancy (16.3 ± 2.3 weeks). Outcomes of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), cesarean section, fetal distress, preterm birth, low birth weight (LBW), and macrosomia were extracted from the medical records. Cox regression analysis was used to explore these associations. RESULTS: In total, 19.3% of mothers were pregnant at an advanced age (≥35 years), and 40.3% of pregnant women had vitamin D deficiency (< 50 nmol/L). After adjusting for potential covariates, the hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) per standard deviation (SD) increase of serum 25(OH)D concentrations was 0.86 (0.779, 0.951) for GDM, 0.844 (0.730, 0.976) for preterm birth, and 0.849 (0.726, 0.993) for LBW. Similar protective associations were found for GDM, cesarean section, and preterm birth for a better vitamin D status when compared with vitamin D deficiency. CONCLUSION: Higher early pregnancy vitamin D was associated with a lower risk of GDM, cesarean section, preterm birth, and LBW.

9.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 244, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathological skin scars, caused by cesarean section, affected younger mothers esthetically and psychosocially and to some extent frustrated obstetricians and dermatologists. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs), as a population of multipotent cells, are abundant in human tissues, providing several possibilities for their effects on skin scar tissues. Herein, we performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm clinical trial, aiming to assess the efficacy and safety of UC-MSCs in the treatment of cesarean section skin scars among primiparous singleton pregnant women. METHODS: Ninety primiparous singleton pregnant women undergoing elective cesarean section were randomly allocated to receive placebo, low-dose (3 × 106 cells), or high-dose (6 × 106 cells) transdermal hydrogel UC-MSCs on the surface of the skin incision. The primary outcome was cesarean section skin scars followed after the sixth month, assessed by the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS). RESULTS: All the participants completed their trial of the primary outcome according to the protocol. The mean score of estimated total VSS was 5.52 in all participants at the sixth-month follow-up, with 6.43 in the placebo group, 5.18 in the low-dose group, and 4.71 in the high-dose group, respectively. No significant difference was found between-group in the mean scores for VSS at the sixth month. Additional prespecified secondary outcomes were not found with significant differences among groups either. No obvious side effects or adverse effects were reported in any of the three arms. CONCLUSION: This randomized clinical trial showed that UC-MSCs did not demonstrate the effects of improvement of cesarean section skin scars. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02772289. Registered on 13 May 2016.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256449

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the size and shape association of OGTT values with adverse pregnancy complications among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Southern Han Chinese population and further analyze their mediating effects with maternal age in outcomes. Methods: 6,861 women with GDM were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to identify the correlations between OGTT values and adverse pregnancy outcomes of GDM. Restricted cubic spline nested logistic regression was conducted to investigate potential non-linear and linear associations. Mediating effect among maternal age, OGTT and adverse outcomes were explored. Results: Women with GDM had a mean age of 31.83, and 24.49% had advanced maternal age (≥35 years). In logistic regression with adjustment, compared with lower OGTT0 (<5.1 mmol/L), GDM patients with higher OGTT0 (≥5.1 mmol/L) exhibited 1.891 (95% CI: 1.441-2.298, P < 0.001), 1.284 (1.078-1.529, P = 0.005), 1.285 (1.065-1.550, P = 0.009), and 1.302 (1.067-1.590, P = 0.010) times increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia, respectively. GDM patients with higher OGTT1 (≥10 mmol/L) had only found to exhibited 1.473-fold (1.162-1.867, P = 0.001) increasing risk of HDP than those with lower OGTT1 (<10 mmol/L). No adverse outcome was identified to associate with higher OGTT2 (≥8.5 mmol/L). Linear relationships (non-linear P > 0.05) were observed between OGTT0 and HDP, preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia in both maternal age groups (<35 and ≥35 years). Non-linear associations of OGTT1 with incidence of HDP, preterm, and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were detected in GDM patients younger than 35 years (non-linear P = 0.037, P = 0.049, P = 0.039, respectively), rising more steeply at higher values. Similar non-linearity was noted for OGTT2 with HDP in older patients. All OGTT values had significant mediating effects on some special complications caused by higher age. Conclusion: Higher fasting plasma glucose was more strongly linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes among GDM patients. Both linearity and Non-linearity of associations between glucose and complications should be taken into account. A careful reconsideration of GDM with hierarchical and individualized management according to OGTT is needed.

11.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 248: 30-36, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous systematic reviews have reported that cesarean birth is associated with reduced rate of subsequent fertility. However, other common mode of delivery was poorly understood. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the subsequent fertility in patients having different modes of non-spontaneous vaginal delivery, if compared to normal vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGNS: Medline (via PubMed), Web of Science, Embase (via Dialog), CENTRAL (via Cochrane Library), ScienceDirect (via Elsevier) and ClinicalTrial.gov were searched up to October 2019, without language restrictions in this systematic review and meta-analysis. Articles assessing the mode of delivery and subsequent fertility were included. Quality assessment was evaluated using the nine-point Newcastle Ottawa Scale by two independent reviewers. RESULTS: Twenty-one articles, including 4,423,544 women of reproductive age, were included. Results showed that women had a 9% (RR: 0.91 [95 %CI 0.88, 0.94]) lower probability of subsequent fertility in primary cesarean birth group, compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery. Further analysis discovered that a 13 % (0.87, [0.85, 0.90]) lower probability of subsequent fertility was observed in women delivered by emergency cesarean birth, a 14 % (0.86, [0.82, 0.91) lower probability by elective cesarean birth, a 39 % (0.61, [0.57, 0.66]) by maternal-requested cesarean birth, and a 2% (0.98, [0.97, 1.00]) by instrumental vaginal delivery. CONCLUSIONS: Non-spontaneous vaginal delivery may be associated with lower probability of subsequent fertility. Decision makers and obstetricians should be cautious when choosing the mode of delivery.

12.
Pediatr Neonatol ; 61(3): 306-310, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the association between microbes in the lower respiratory tract (LRT) and the srisk for severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) in premature infants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study of preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Southern Medical University Affiliated Maternal & Child Health Hospital of Foshan, China, between January 2015 and December 2017. The microbes in the LRT were screened by using tracheobronchial aspirate fluid (TAF) culture. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-five infants were included in the analysis. Among 155 infants, 41 were diagnosed with sBPD, and 114 were diagnosed without sBPD. There were significant differences between infants with and without sBPD in regard to birth weight (BW), gestational age (GA), the duration of endotracheal ventilation and supplemental oxygen. The incidence of retinopathy (ROP) and sepsis was higher in the sBPD infants than in the infants without sBPD. There was a difference in the detection rate of Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) between the two groups. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Klebsiella pneumoniae were mainly detected in TAF. CONCLUSIONS: The LRT microbes were different between infants with and without sBPD, and GNB is more frequently detected in sBPD infants.


Assuntos
Brônquios/microbiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação , Traqueia/microbiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 33(14): 2377-2386, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30458694

RESUMO

Background: Velamentous cord insertion (VCI) has been proposed to be associated with some specific complications among monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies. This meta-analysis and systematic review aims to determine the role of VCI in MC twin pregnancies.Methods: The PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases and reference lists were searched for relevant studies. Outcomes of interest included twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), birthweight discordance (BWD) and selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR). The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The pooled results were calculated by means of a random or fixed effect model to obtain odds ratio with 95% confidential interval (CI). Subgroup analyses were utilized to detect the sources of heterogeneity.Results: Twenty studies were eligible for inclusion. The pooled result suggested a significant association between VCI and TTTS (OR, 1.542; 95% CI, 1.116-2.129) with a moderate level of heterogeneity (Q test: p = .024; I2 = 50.2%). Subgroup analysis reported single-center study, methodological quality and exclusion of laser-coagulated TTTS as the sources of heterogeneity. Another analysis revealed an increased risk of BWD among twin pregnancies with VCI (OR, 2.945; 95% CI, 2.176-3.984) with a low heterogeneity (Q test: p = .347; I2 = 10.5%). None of study level characteristics was found to be an influencing factor. Three studies reporting on sIUGR suggested a significant association between VCI and sIUGR.Conclusions: The meta-analysis and systematic review suggests an association between VCI and BWD and sIUGR. However, the association between VCI and TTTS may be overestimated and high-quality studies with a representative sample are needed in further research.

14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 611071, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613448

RESUMO

Objective: Although research suggests a close association between maternal thyroid function and birth outcomes, no clear conclusion has been reached. We aimed to explore this potential association in a retrospective cohort study. Methods: This study included 8985 mother-child dyads. The maternal serum free tetraiodothyronine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO Ab) concentrations and birth outcome data were reviewed from medical records. Subjects with TPO Ab concentrations of >34 and ≤34 IU/ml were classified into the TPO Ab positivity (+) and TPO Ab negativity (-) groups, respectively. Results: Compared with subjects in the normal group (0.1 ≤ TSH < 2.5 mIU/L and TPO Ab-), those with TSH concentrations of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L and TPO Ab- had a 0.65-fold lower risk of low birth weight (LBW). In contrast, those with TSH concentrations of >4.0 mIU/L, regardless of the TPO Ab status, had a 2.01-fold increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism, regardless of the TPO Ab status, was associated with a 1.94-fold higher risk of LBW when compared with that in subjects with euthyroidism and TPO Ab-. No other significant associations were observed. Conclusion: A maternal TSH concentration of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L was associated with a lower risk of LBW when combined with TPO Ab-, whereas subjects with a TSH concentration of >4.0 mIU/L had an increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism appears to be associated with a higher risk of LBW.

15.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 243: 97-102, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: No recommendations are available for gestational weight gain (GWG) in underweight women with twin pregnancies. We aimed to evaluate whether underweight women with twin pregnancies should gain more weight than normal-weight women in order to optimize perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study compared the GWG and perinatal outcomes among normal-weight and underweight women who gave birth to viable twins between 2015 and 2018 at the Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Foshan, China. Gestational weight gain (GWG) was categorized as adequate or inadequate GWG, based on the US Institute of Medicine 2009 guidelines for normal-weight women (≥ 0.46 kg/week). The outcomes of interest included spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) <37 weeks, <35 and <32 weeks, small for gestational age (SGA), gestational hypertensive disorder (GHD), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), birth weight discordance (BDW) ≥20%, neonatal intensive unit (NICU) admission and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Propensity score matching (PSM, in a 1:1 ratio) was utilized to minimize the effects of confounders on the differences in the two cohorts. Multivariable logistic models were also used to verify the results from PSM analysis. RESULTS: There were 475 normal-weight and 111 underweight women included in the analysis. Our results suggested that the incidence of adequate GWG was comparable between underweight and normal-weight women (37.5% vs. 45.1%, P = 0.141). The prevalence of GDM was significantly lower among underweight women (9.9%) than among normal-weight women (20.4%) (P = 0.010). There was no evidence of differences in other perinatal outcomes between the two groups. 102 underweight women and 102 normal-weight women were included in PSM analyses. There was a lower incidence of GDM in underweight women than in normal-weight women, but the difference was not significant (9.8% vs. 18.6%, P = 0.071). No evidence of any differences in the other outcomes, including sPTB, GHD, BWD≥20%, SGA, NICU admission and NRDS, was found between the underweight and normal-weight women. Multivariable logistic regression models yielded similar results. CONCLUSIONS: For Chinese twin pregnant women with twin pregnancies, our data does provide evidence to suggest underweight women need to gain more weight than normal-weight women to optimize perinatal outcomes. Future studies with larger number of underweight women with twin gestations are warranted to establish an optimal range of GWG.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12099, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431662

RESUMO

This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of placental location on birthweight discordance among diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies. Medical records and sonographic reports of 978 diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies delivered at Foshan Maternal and Fetal Health Hospital were reviewed. Pregnancies with congenital malformation, intrauterine death or placenta previa were excluded. The placental location for each twin was determined by last sonographic examination before delivery, and the pregnancies were grouped by different versus same placental location in each pregnancy. Maternal and fetal characteristics were summarized. The primary outcome of interest was birthweight discordance (BWD) ≥20%, and secondary outcomes included small for gestational age (SGA) as a binary outcome and mean value and absolute difference in birthweight as continuous outcomes. Student's t test and the chi-square test were used for univariate analyses, while multivariate regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation (GEE) models were used to address the correlation between fetuses when assessing SGA. A total of 866 eligible subjects were included in the analysis. In total, 460 pregnancies had placentas with different locations, and 406 had placentas with same locations. The gestational age at delivery was slightly younger in the same placental location group than in the different placental location group (35.8 ± 0.1 vs. 36.1 ± 0.1 weeks, P = 0.067). Other maternal and fetal characteristics were comparable between the two study groups. There was no significant difference in BWD ≥20% (aOR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.71-1.59) or SGA (aOR = 1.32; 95% CI: 0.76-2.28) between the same and different placental location groups. Neither the mean value nor the absolute difference in birth weight was associated with placental location combination (P = 0.478 and P = 0.162, respectively). In conclusion, discordant birthweight is not affected by same location of diamniotic-dichorionic placentas.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Adulto , Âmnio/fisiologia , Córion/fisiologia , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/fisiopatologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
17.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 56: 81-89, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442958

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Environmental risk factors regrading rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have not been explored extensively. Selenium (Se), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) nutrients were reported to associate with RA, but the results were inconsistent. Therefore, we conduct present study to meta-analyze the relationship between serum Se, Zn and Cu and RA and review the potential mechanisms. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were comprehensively searched till October 1, 2018 for pertinent studies. Standard mean differences (SMDs) and 95% confident intervals (CIs) were calculated according to random effects model. RESULTS: Finally 41 literatures were included. Meta-analysis of 16 studies involving 806 RA patients and 959 health controls showed that serum Se (SMD = -1.04, 95% CI = -1.58 to -0.50) was decreased in RA patients, and 23 literatures with 1398 patients and 1299 controls reported serum Zn (SMD = -1.20, 95% CI = -1.74 to -0.67) was decreased. But serum Cu (SMD = 1.26, 95% CI = 0.63 to -1.89) was increased with 26 studies including 1723 patients and 1451 controls. Meta-regression reported that steroid use was positively related to serum level of Se in RA (ß = 0.041, 95% CI = 0.002 to 0.079). Differences in serum Se, Zn and Cu between rheumatoid arthritis patients and controls were all related with the geographical distribution. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with RA have significant decreased serum Se and Zn and increased serum Cu than health controls, suggesting potential roles of Se, Zn and Cu in the pathogenesis of RA. Patients and rheumatologist should give enough attention to the monitor of these elements during follow up.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Oligoelementos/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 262, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain (GWG) has implications for perinatal outcomes, the guidelines for maternal weight gain, however, remain understudied among twin pregnancies. This study aimed to assess the associations between perinatal outcomes and GWG among twin pregnancies, based on the US institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of pregnant women with viable twins ≥26 weeks of gestation, was conducted in Foshan, China, during July 2015 and June 2018. Maternal BMI was categorized based on Chinese standard and GWG was categorized as below, within and above the IOM 2009 recommendations. Underweight women were excluded for analysis. Perinatal outcomes were compared among these groups. To assess the independent impact of GWG on the perinatal outcomes, conventional multivariable regression and general estimated equation (GEE) were utilized for maternal outcomes and neonatal outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 645 mothers with twin pregnancies were included, of whom 15.0, 41.4 and 43.6% gained weight below, within and above guidelines, respectively. Compared to weight gain within guidelines, inadequate weight gain was associated with increased risks in spontaneous preterm birth < 37 weeks (aOR:3.55; 95% CI: 1.73-7.28) and < 35 weeks (aOR:2.63; 95% CI: 1.16-5.97). Women who gained weight above guidelines were more likely to have gestational hypertension disorder (aOR: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.32-4.21), pre-eclampsia (aOR: 2.59; 95% CI: 1.29-5.21) and have fetuses weighted >90th percentile and less likely to have fetuses weighted < 2500 g and < 1500 g. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance of gestational weight gain within the normal range could decrease the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the causality between pre-eclampsia and gestational weight gain requires further investigations.


Assuntos
Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213784, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870524

RESUMO

Preterm birth continues to be an important problem in modern obstetrics and a large public health concern and is related to increased risk for neonatal morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the data in the literature to determine the relationships between mode of delivery (cesarean section and vaginal birth) in the first pregnancy and the risk of subsequent preterm birth from a multi-year population based cohorts (PROSPERO registration number: 42018090788). Five electronic databases were searched. Observational studies that provided mode of delivery and subsequent preterm birth were eligible. Ten cohort studies, involving 10333501 women, were included in this study. Compared with vaginal delivery, women delivering by previous cesarean section had a significantly higher risk of preterm birth in subsequent births (RR 1.10, 95%CI 1.01-1.20). After adjusting confounding factors, there was still statistical significance (aRR 1.12, 95%CI 1.01-1.24). However, both before and after adjustment, there was no difference among very preterm birth (RR 1.14, 95%CI 0.90-1.43; aRR 1.16, 95%CI 0.80-1.68; respectively). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review and meta-analysis that suggests previous cesarean section could increase the risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies. The result could provide policy makers, clinicians, and expectant parents to reduce the occurrence of unnecessary cesarean section.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nascimento/etiologia , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
20.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 32(18): 3054-3061, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29577780

RESUMO

Introduction: Complete placenta previa (CPP) is one of the most problematic types of abnormal placenta, which is further complicated by placenta accreta or percreta that can unexpectedly lead to catastrophic blood loss, infection, multiple complications, emergency hysterectomy, and even death. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of random placenta margin incision in controlling intraoperative and total blood loss during cesarean section for CPP women. Methods: A prospective cohort study, including a total of 100 consecutive pregnant women with CPP, was performed at a tertiary university-affiliated medical center between March 2016 and July 2017. All of them underwent random placenta margin incision, and intraoperative and total blood loss were analyzed. Through antenatal diagnosis using color Doppler, women were further divided into abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) and non-AIP groups, and anterior and posterior placenta groups. The protocol was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry under registration number NCT02695069. Results: Mean maternal age and gestational age at delivery were 32.26 ± 5.03 years old and 36.21 ± 2.07 weeks, respectively. Total duration of the surgical procedure time was 52.50 (42.43-64.00) min. Median estimated intraoperation blood loss was 746.43 (544.44-1092.86) ml. Total blood loss was 875.00 (604.50-1196.67) ml, and 38 (38.0%) had post-partum hemorrhage. The change from baseline in the median hemoglobin level was -0.33 (6.00-13.20). No women underwent hysterectomy due to massive hemorrhage during the study period. No women had an intraoperative urinary bladder injury, postoperative wound infection, and required relaparotomy, owing to intra-abdominal bleeding. The median hospitalization time was 5.41 (4.18-7.58) d. Conclusion: The random placenta margin incision may be a potentially valuable surgical procedure to control the volumes of intraoperative and postoperative blood loss and reduce the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage among women with complete placenta previa.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/métodos , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Prévia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
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