Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 424
Filtrar
1.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(3): 034707, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819979

RESUMO

A Hall sensor array system for magnetic field detection and analysis is realized in X-FAB 0.18 µm CMOS technology. Magnetic field detection is attributed to the magnetization of metal coils to metal particles and the sensing characteristics of the Hall sensor array. The system puts forward a complete solution from Hall sensors, analog front-end circuit, analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to microcontroller unit. Using Ansoft Maxwell and COMSOL Multiphysics software for simulation verification, the minimum diameter of magnetic particles that can be detected in the system is 2 µm. The measured signal to noise and distortion ratio, spurious free dynamic range, and effective number of bits of the proposed ADC are 70.61 dB, 90.08 dB, and 11.44-bit, respectively. The microsystem based on STM32 combines hardware and software design, which can effectively adjust the motion parameters and realize the real-time display in the LCD screen of the magnetic field and voltage information. Compared to the prior system, the portability, cost, and efficiency have been considerably improved, which is aimed at the rapid measurement of heavy metal particles such as Fe, Co, and Ni in ambient air and blood.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 329: 124904, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676354

RESUMO

An integration of two processes, magnetic coagulation (MC) and short-cut biological nitrogen removal (SBNR), coupled with a sequencing batch membrane bioreactor (SMBR) controlled by an automatic real-time control strategy (RTC), was developed to treat different characteristics of high strength wastewater. The treatment efficiency and microbial community-diversity of the proposed method was evaluated and investigated using swine wastewater and food waste (FW) digestate. The MC showed high removal of TSS (89.1 ± 1.5%, 92.21 ± 1.8%), turbidity (90.58 ± 2.1%, 95.1 ± 2.1%), TP (88.5 ± 1.9%, 92.1 ± 1.5%), phosphate (87.76 ± 1.6%, 91.22 ± 1.5%), and SMBR achieved stable and excellent removal of COD (96.05 ± 0.2%, 97.39 ± 0.2%), TN (97.30 ± 0.3%, 97.44 ± 0.3%) andNH4+-N (99.07 ± 0.2%, 98.54 ± 0.2%) for swine wastewater and FW digestate, respectively. The effluent COD andNH4+-N concentrations were found to meet their discharge standards. The microbial community comparison showed similar diversity and richness, and genus Diaphorobacter and Thaurea were dominant in denitritation, and Nitrosomonas was dominant in nitritation treating both swine wastewater and FW digestate.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Águas Residuárias , Animais , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Alimentos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Nitrogênio , Suínos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare survival outcome among the patients with concurrent small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and diabetes mellitus (DM) using metformin or without metformin. METHODS: A systematic literature search for relevant studies up to Oct 2020 was conducted. Outcome of the included studies included overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS). HR values were pooled to estimate the effect of metformin on survival outcomes. RESULTS: 6 studies with 539 participants with both SCLC and diabetes were included in the analysis. The patients with metformin usage had significantly longer OS and DFS than those without metformin usage [OS: HR=0.72 (0.53-0.98), p=0.04; DFS: HR= 0.59 (0.45-0.76), p<0.0001)]. The studies included were not significantly different in the two analyses by heterogeneity test. There was no obvious publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin may improve survival among patients with concurrent SCLC and DM. Further investigations especially randomized control trials are warranted, especially among the patients who do not have diabetes.

4.
Carbohydr Res ; 500: 108237, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548832

RESUMO

In this study, we designed a method to prepare 2-deoxy-2-azido-α-d-galactopyranosidic bonds using 4,6-di-O-benzylidenyl-3-O-t-butyldiphenylsilyl protected 2-deoxy-2-azido-1-thio-d-galactopyranoside 5 as donors. The donor 5 gives a good to excellent α-selectivity in the glycosylation with secondary alcohols, which was found to be associated with the benzylidenyl on 4,6-di-O and TBDPS on 3-O of the donor 5. Compared with results of the donor 6 and 7, the 3-O-TBDPS could increase the activity of the thioglycoside, and the lone pairs on 4,6-di-O-benzylidenyl group enhanced the gg-cofnormation, which plays a role in improving the stereoselectivity. Finally, this method was demonstrated through the synthesis of a α-galactosamine -containing pentasaccharide 26.

5.
Plant Physiol ; 185(1): 137-145, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631800

RESUMO

The progression of the cell cycle is continuous in most cells, but gametes (sperm and egg cells) exhibit an arrest of the cell cycle to await fertilization to form a zygote, which then continues through the subsequent phases to complete cell division. The phase in which gametes of flowering plants arrest has been a matter of debate, since different phases have been reported for the gametes of different species. In this study, we reassessed the phase of cell-cycle arrest in the gametes of two species, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and Torenia fournieri. We first showed that 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining was not feasible to detect changes in gametic nuclear DNA in T. fournieri. Next, using 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining that detects DNA replication by labeling the EdU absorbed by deoxyribonucleic acid, we found that the replication of nuclear DNA did not occur during gamete development but during zygote development, revealing that the gametes of these species have a haploid nuclear DNA content before fertilization. We thus propose that gametes in the G1 phase participate in the fertilization event in Arabidopsis and T. fournieri.

6.
Opt Lett ; 46(3): 536-539, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528403

RESUMO

We systematically studied femtosecond laser-inscribed self-organized nanogratings and geometric phase elements such as a polarization diffraction focusing lens and Q-plate in sapphire crystal. Besides the void structures observed in the focus, nanogratings with periods of 150~300 nm were observed, depending on a nanoslit that took the role of a seeding effect by localized light field enhancement. The non-polarized refractive index change and birefringence were measured with values around 1∼2×10-3 and 6×10-4, respectively. Based on the laser-inscribed form birefringence, a geometric phase lens and Q-plate were successfully demonstrated in sapphire with high imaging and a focusing effect. We expect that our findings may promote the understanding of laser-induced nanogratings in bulk and potential applications in geometric phase elements.

7.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6671410, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542930

RESUMO

CD26, acting as a costimulator of T cell activation, plays an important role in the immune system. However, the role of CD26 in the differentiation of T cell subsets, especially of new paradigms of T cells, such as Th17 and Tregs, is not fully clarified. In the present study, the role of CD26 in T cell differentiation was investigated in vitro. CD26 expression was analyzed in the different subsets of human peripheral blood T lymphocytes after solid-phase immobilized specific anti-CD3 mAb stimulation. Here, the percentage of CD4+ cells significantly increased and most of these cells were coexpressed with CD26, suggesting a close correlation of CD26 expression with the proliferation of CD4+ cells. Subsequently, after immobilized anti-CD3 mAb stimulation, CD26 high-expressing cells (CD26high) were separated from CD26 low-expressing cells (CD26low) by magnetic cell sorting. We found that the percentages of cells secreting Th1 typical cytokines (IL-2, IFN-γ) and Th17 typical cytokines (IL-6, IL-17, and IL-22) or expressing Th17 typical biomarkers (IL-23R, CD161, and CD196) in the CD26high group were markedly higher than in those in the CD26low group. In addition, a coexpression of CD26 with IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-22, and IL-23R in lymphocytes was demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy. These results provide direct evidence that the high expression of CD26 is accompanied by the differentiation of T lymphocytes into Th1 and Th17, indicating that CD26 plays a crucial role in regulating the immune response.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 45(3): 1011-1022, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469672

RESUMO

High expression of δ­like ligand 4 (Dll4) is reportedly related to the invasion, metastasis, and clinical prognosis of various malignant tumours. Our previous study revealed that collective cell invasion was a common pattern in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). However, the roles of the Dll4/Notch1 signalling pathway in the collective invasion of SACC remain unclear. The present study revealed that Dll4 expression was higher at the invasive front of SACC, and that this upregulation was associated with solid tumour type, high TNM grade, and high rates of metastasis and recurrence. Furthermore, the expression levels of Notch1 and Dll4 were positively correlated at the invasive front, and a three­dimensional (3D) culture model revealed that leader cells showed high expression of Dll4, while follower cells showed high expression of Notch1. Moreover, silencing of Dll4 expression using small interfering RNA reduced the migration, invasion, and collective invasion of SACC cells, and these abilities were rescued by Notch1 overexpression. Finally, SACC collective invasion was increased via the Dll4/Notch1 signalling pathway in experiments that involved a stiff 3D gel, hypoxia and co­culture with human endothelial cells. These findings indicated that the Dll4/Notch1 signalling pathway may be involved in the collective invasion of SACC, which may help to provide possible targets for the treatment of SACC.

9.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 117: 103991, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387560

RESUMO

Toll/interleukin 1 receptor domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) and toll/interleukin 1 receptor-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-ß (TRIF) are crucial adaptors of signal transduction for the signaling pathways of toll-like receptors (TLRs). TIRAP and TRIF perform an essential function in an antimicrobial immune response; however, their function in Nile tilapia remains unknown. Herein, TIRAP and TRIF from Nile tilapia were identified and functionally characterized. Phylogenetic analysis showed that OnTIRAP and OnTRIF clustered with corresponding homologs from other fish species, with comparable gene structures to those of select vertebrate TIRAP and TRIF genes, respectively. The expression profiles of OnTIRAP and OnTRIF were broadly distributed in the ten tissues investigated, with high transcript levels noticed in immune organs. The transcription levels of OnTIRAP and OnTRIF were upregulated in response to bacterial and poly (I:C) challenges. GFP signals were only detected in the cytoplasmic region of fish cells transfected with OnTIRAP-GFP and OnTRIF-GFP expression plasmids. Moreover, overexpression of OnTIRAP and OnTRIF activated interferon-ß (IFN-ß) and activator protein 1 (AP1) reporters in HEK 293 cells. Activation of the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) reporter was only observed in OnTRIF-overexpressing HEK 293 cells. Furthermore, the results of the co-immunoprecipitation analysis showed that OnTRIF, but not OnTIRAP, was recruited as an adaptor protein by OnTLR25. This study provides the first evidence on the functions of OnTIRAP and OnTRIF in the immune system of Nile tilapia against pathogens and may serve as the basis for further investigations on TLR signaling in fish.

10.
Bioresour Technol ; 323: 124638, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418351

RESUMO

To develop a more green and effective method for tetracycline (TC) removal, a hybrid material (conversion phosphors-TiO2, UCPs-TiO2) was coupled with a biofilm to achieve enhanced removal of TC. The removal of TC by biofilm coupled with UCPs-TiO2 under visible light reached 82%, which was 35% higher than that in treatment using only the biofilm. Extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) promoted the production of hydroxyl radicals by UCPs-TiO2, as the EPS acted as an electron transfer medium and accelerated the TC mineralization. Biofilm in the coupled system tolerated TC stress by regulating its antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) and superoxidedismutase (SOD), and allowed it to maintain stable and efficient removal of TC. This study documents a method to couple a hybrid material with microbial aggregates, creating a promising system for removing refractory organics, such as TC, from water. The study also offers insight into the mechanisms underlying TC removal by microbial aggregates combined with new functional materials.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Tetraciclina , Biofilmes , Luz , Titânio
11.
Curr Drug Metab ; 22(1): 24-39, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz. is a plant species in the Compositae family. More than ten types of compounds-such as flavonoids, caffeinate esters, and volatile oils-have been identified in Erigeron breviscapus; however, it remains unknown as to which compounds are associated with clinical efficacy. In recent years, flavonoids and phenolic acids have been considered as the main effective components of Erigeron breviscapus. The metabolism and mechanisms of these compounds in vivo have been extensively studied to improve our understanding of the drug. METHODS: In the present review, we summarize the relationships among these compounds, their metabolites, and their pharmacodynamics. Many methods have been implemented to improve the separation and bioavailability of these compounds from Erigeron breviscapus. RESULTS: In China, Erigeron breviscapus has been used for many years. In recent years, through the study of its metabolism and the mechanisms of its effective components, the effects of Erigeron breviscapus in the treatment of various diseases have been extensively studied. Findings have indicated that Erigeron breviscapus improves cardiovascular and cerebrovascular function and that one of its ingredients, scutellarin, has potential value in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, cancer, diabetic vascular complications, and other conditions. In addition, phenolic acid compounds and their metabolites also play an important role in anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, and improving blood lipids. CONCLUSION: Erigeron breviscapus plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular/ cerebrovascular diseases, neuroprotection, and cancer through many different mechanisms of action. Further investigation of its efficacious components and metabolites may provide more possibilities for the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine and the development of novel drugs.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289703

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by the loss of dopaminergic neurons. It is characterized by static tremors, stiffness, slow movements, and gait disturbances, but it is also accompanied by anxiety and depression. Our previous study showed that atorvastatin could reduce the risk of PD, but the mechanism is still unclear. In this paper, Our findings showed that atorvastatin increased muscle capacity and the coordination of movement and improved anxiety and depression. Atorvastatin could decrease the expression of α-synuclein Ser129 and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), increase the protein expression of LC3II/I, and promote autophagy flow. To further confirm that atorvastatin protection was achieved by inhibiting NOX2, we injected at midbrain with NOX2 shRNA (M) lentivirus and found that silent NOX2 produced the same effect as atorvastatin. Further research found that atorvastatin could reduce MPTP-induced oxidative stress damage, while inhibiting NOX2 decreased the antioxidative stress effect of atorvastatin. Our results suggest that atorvastatin can improve muscle capacity, anxiety and depression by inhibiting NOX2, which may be related to NOX2-mediated oxidative stress and autophagy. Atorvastatin may be identified as a drug that can effectively improve behavioral disorders. NOX2 may be a potential gene target for new drug development in PD.

13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 591, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298106

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the operation and early clinical effect in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) about the novel combination of CT-based patient-specific three-dimensional (3D) preoperative design and conventional osteotomy instruments, compared with the conventional method. METHODS: After a 1:1 propensity score-matching (PSM), patients were matched to the novel technique group and the conventional group, 109 cases in each group. The conventional group adopted a preoperative design based on a full-length radiograph (FLX) and received TKA with conventional osteotomy instruments. The novel technique group used a CT-based patient-specific 3D preoperative design combined with conventional osteotomy instruments; during the surgery, the femoral entry point, femoral valgus osteotomy angle, the fix point of tibial plateau extramedullary guide pin, and the position of tibial extramedullary positioning rod were accurately selected according to the preoperative 3D design to ensure accurate intraoperative implementation. The lower limb alignment, component position, operation time, tourniquet time, hospital stay, blood loss volume, incidence of postoperative complications, visual analog scale (Vas) score, and New Knee Society Score System (NEW-KSS) at 1 day before operation and 1, 6, and 12 months after operation were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The novel technique group was significantly better than the conventional group in controlling lateral tibial component angle (LTC) (P < 0.001), and the novel technique group had lower percentages of hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) outliers (P < 0.001) and overcorrection (P = 0.003). The operation time, tourniquet time, and hospital stay of the novel technique group was shorter (P < 0.05). In 1 month after the operation, the novel technique group achieved a significantly better VAS score (P < 0.05), but a similar NEW-KSS score (P > 0.05) when compared with the conventional group. But in 6 and 12 months after surgery, no statistical differences were seen in the above two scores (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The novel technique of CT-based patient-specific 3D preoperative design combined with conventional instruments can improve the accuracy of osteotomy in primary total knee arthroplasty, with benefits of significantly reducing pain and rapid recovery during the early postoperative period, but having no obvious effect on outcome after a 1-year follow-up.

14.
Ophthalmic Res ; 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326958

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the value of interleukin (IL)-8 in the development and management of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) in HIV-negative patients. INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the value of interleukin (IL)-8 in the development and management of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) in HIV-negative patients. METHODS: A retrospective case series from January 2014 to May 2018 was conducted. Forty patients (40 eyes) received intravitreal injection of ganciclovir (IVG). The aqueous levels of the cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA and IL-8 in each follow-up visit were tested. The initial and final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the course of treatment, the recurrence rate, and the occurrence of complications were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The aqueous value of IL-8 was significantly correlated with the aqueous level of the CMV DNA during treatment but was not associated with the BCVA or the number of IVG. No recurrence occurred in the condition in which a low aqueous IL-8 level was set as the endpoint of the treatment. CONCLUSION: In HIV-negative patients with CMVR, IL-8 was closely associated with CMV DNA concentration in the aqueous humor. The real-time aqueous level of IL-8 could be used as one of the evidences of disease recovery.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 22060, 2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328518

RESUMO

High vigor seeds have greater yield potential than those with low vigor; however, long-term storage leads to a decline in this trait. The objective of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for seed vigor-related traits under artificial aging conditions using a high-density genetic linkage map of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and mine the related candidate genes. A doubled haploid population, derived from a cross between Hanxuan 10 × Lumai 14, was used as the experimental material. Six controlled-environment treatments were set up, i.e. the seeds were aged for 0, 24, 36, 48, 60, and 72 h at a high temperature (48 °C) and under high humidity (relative humidity 100%). Eight traits including seed germination percentage, germination energy, germination index, seedling length, root length, seedling weight, vigor index, and simple vigor index were measured. With the prolongation of artificial aging treatment, these traits showed a continuous downward trend and significant correlations were observed between most of them. A total of 49 additive QTLs for seed vigor-related traits were mapped onto 12 chromosomes (1B, 2D, 3A, 3B, 3D, 4A, 4D, 5A, 5B, 5D, 6D, and 7A); and each one accounted for 6.01-17.18% of the phenotypic variations. Twenty-five pairs of epistatic QTLs were detected on all chromosomes, except for 5D, 6A, and 7D, and each epistasis accounted for 7.35-26.06% of the phenotypic variations. Three additive QTL hot spots were found on chromosomes 5A, 5B, and 5D, respectively. 13 QTLs, QGEe5B, QGIe5B, QSLc5B, QSLd5B, QSLf5B, QRLd5B, QRLe5B, QRLf5B, QVId5B, QVIe5B, QVIf5B, QSVId5B, and QSVIe5B, were located in the marker interval AX-94643729 ~ AX-110529646 on 5B and the physical interval 707,412,449-710,959,479 bp. Genes including TRAESCS5B01G564900, TRAESCS5B01G564200, TRAESCS5B01G562600, TraesCS5B02G562700, TRAESCS5B01G561300, TRAESCS5B01G561400, and TRAESCS5B01G562100, located in this marker interval, were found to be involved in regulating the processes of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, transcription, and cell division during the germination of aging seeds, thus they were viewed as candidate genes for seed viability-related traits. These findings provide the basis for the seed-based cloning and functional identification of related candidate genes for seed vigor.

16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 736, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigate the safety of the application of the Rigidfix cross-pin system via different tibial tunnels in the tibial fixation during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Five adult fresh cadaver knees were fixed with the Rigidfix cross-pins in the tibial fixation site during ACL reconstruction. Two different tibial tunnel groups were established: in group A, the tunnel external aperture was placed at the 25° angle of coronal section; in group B, the tunnel external aperture was placed at the 45° angle of coronal section. The guide was placed at the plane 0.5 mm below articular facet through the tibial tunnel, with three rotation positions set at 0°, 30°, and 60° slopes. The incidences of iatrogenic injuries at tibial plateau cartilage (TPC), medial collateral ligament (MCL), and patellar tendon in three different slope angles were calculated in groups A and B and the results were analyzed by using chi square test. RESULTS: The iatrogenic injuries at MCL, TPC, and patellar tendon could occur after the Rigidfix cross-pin system was placed 5 mm below tibial plateau cartilage for ACL reconstruction. The incidences of TPC injury (χ2 = 5.662, P = 0.017) and MCL injury (P = 0.048, Fisher exact probability method) were significantly lower in group A than in group B. However, the incidence of patellar tendon injury showed no significant difference between these two groups (χ2 = 0.120, P = 0.729). CONCLUSIONS: When the Rigidfix cross-pin system is used for ACL reconstruction at the tibial fixation site, the external aperture of tibial tunnel should not be placed at the excessively posterosuperior site, to avoid MCL and TPC injuries.

17.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 462, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soil salinization and alkalinization are the main factors that affect the agricultural productivity. Evaluating the persistence of the compound material applied in field soils is an important part of the regulation of the responses of cotton to saline and alkaline stresses. RESULT: To determine the molecular effects of compound material on the cotton's responses to saline stress and alkaline stress, cotton was planted in the salinized soil (NaCl 8 g kg- 1) and alkalized soil (Na2CO3 8 g kg- 1) after application of the compound material, and ion content, physiological characteristics, and transcription of new cotton leaves at flowering and boll-forming stage were analyzed. The results showed that compared with saline stress, alkaline stress increased the contents of Na+, K+, SOD, and MDA in leaves. The application of the compound material reduced the content of Na+ but increased the K+/Na+ ratio, the activities of SOD, POD, and CAT, and REC. Transcriptome analysis revealed that after the application of the compound material, the Na+/H+ exchanger gene in cotton leaves was down-regulated, while the K+ transporter, K+ channel, and POD genes were up-regulated. Besides, the down-regulation of genes related to lignin synthesis in phenylalanine biosynthesis pathway had a close relationship with the ion content and physiological characteristics in leaves. The quantitative analysis with PCR proved the reliability of the results of RNA sequencing. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the compound material alleviated saline stress and alkaline stress on cotton leaves by regulating candidate genes in key biological pathways, which improves our understanding of the molecular mechanism of the compound material regulating the responses of cotton to saline stress and alkaline stress.

18.
Eur J Med Res ; 25(1): 45, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare three fixation methods for orotracheal intubation. METHODS: Through literature retrieval, the effects of the adhesive/twill tape method, fixator method, and adhesive/twill tape-fixator alternation method on patients with tracheal intubation in the intensive care unit (ICU) were compared. RESULTS: The fixator and alternation methods were more effective in protecting the tongue mucosa and teeth. The alternation method was superior to the other two methods in maintaining the position of the endotracheal intubation. However, the difference in facial and lip injuries between the three methods was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The fixator method can significantly reduce intraoral injury and is more suitable for older people with weak tongue mucosa and loose teeth. These are worth popularizing among a wider group.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013360

RESUMO

Lymphatic vessels, as an important part of the lymphatic system, form a fine vascular system in humans and play an important role in regulating fluid homeostasis, assisting immune surveillance and transporting dietary lipids. Dysfunction of lymphatic vessels can cause many diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, lymphedema, inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis. Research on lymphangiogenesis has become increasingly important over the last few decades. Nevertheless, the explicit role of regulating lymphangiogenesis in preventing and treating diseases remains unclear owing to the lack of a deeper understanding of the cellular and molecular pathways of the specific and tissue-specific changes in lymphangiopathy. TCM, consisting of compound extracted from TCM, Injections of single TCM and formula, is an important complementary strategy for treating disease in China. Lots of valuable traditional Chinese medicines are used as substitutes or supplements in western countries. As one of the main natural resources, these TCM are widely used in new drug research and development in Asia. Moreover, as a historical and cultural heritage, TCM has been widely applied to clinical research on lymphangiogenesis leveraging new technologies recently. Available studies show that TCM has an explicit effect on the regulation of lymphatic regeneration. This review aims to clarify the function and mechanisms, especially the inhibitory effect of TCM in facilitating and inhibiting lymphatic regeneration.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain-containing 6 (CMTM6) is a critical regulator of tumor immunology among various cancers. However, the role and underlying molecular mechanism of CMTM6 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) progression remains unclear. METHODS: The expression of CMTM6, PD-L1 and CD163 in OSCC tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarray. The effect of CMTM6 knockdown on OSCC cells and macrophage polarization were analyzed by CCK-8 assay, apoptotic assay, would-healing assay, transwell assay and qPCR. OSCC cell derived exosomes were obtained by ultracentrifugation and the mechanistic studies were conducted by qPCR and Western Blot. 4-Nitroquinoline N-oxide (4NQO) induced OSCC mice were used for verifying the effect of CMTM6 downregulation on M2 macrophage infiltration and tumor growth. RESULTS: In OSCC samples, higher CMTM6 expression has been obviously associated with higher pathological stage of OSCC patients, CD163 + macrophages infiltration and PD-L1 expression. CMTM6 knockdown of OSCC cells inhibited proliferative, migrative and invasive abilities of OSCC cells, as well as inhibited M2 macrophage polarization in vitro with downregulating PD-L1 expression. Importantly, exosomes from OSCC cells shuttled CMTM6 to macrophages and promoted M2-like macrophage polarization through activating ERK1/2 signaling. In addition, in 4NQO-induced OSCC mice, CMTM6 level was positively associated with CD163, CD206 and PD-L1 as well as M2-like macrophage infiltration. CONCLUSION: OSCC cell-secreted exosomal CMTM6 induces M2-like macrophages polarization to promote malignant progression via ERK1/2 signaling pathway, revealing a novel crosstalk between cancer cells and immune cells in OSCC microenvironment.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...