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2.
Langmuir ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407120

RESUMO

Precise control over the on-surface covalent reaction pathways is crucial for engineering organic nanostructures with the single-atom precision. Herein, we demonstrate a step-by-step control of an on-surface cascade covalent reaction based on the successive debromination templated by non-covalent metal-organic coordination motifs. The molecular precursor is predesigned with different reactive sites and functional ligands, allowing for both chemical and structural tuning during the on-surface reactions. By introducing the Fe-terpyridine template effect, we are able to direct the reaction proceeding in a three-step cascade pathway and finally to achieve a porous polyarylene nanoribbon structure. The approach opens new opportunities for construction of on-surface organic nanostructures in a predictable manner.

3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(15): 1792-1804, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. Nowadays, the percentage of non-obese or lean patients with NAFLD is increasing. NAFLD in non-obese populations, especially the lean subgroup with a normal waist circumference (WC), might lead to more problems than obese individuals, as these individuals may not visit clinics for NAFLD diagnosis or ignore the diagnosis of NAFLD. If the precise characteristics of these populations, especially the lean subgroup, are identified, the clinicians would be able to provide more appropriate advice and treatment to these populations. AIM: To investigate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and possible indicators for NAFLD in lean Chinese adults with a normal WC. METHODS: People without diabetes mellitus or significant alcohol consumption who underwent routine health examinations were included. Their fatty liver index (FLI), abdominal ultrasonography results, and controlled attenuation parameter were all assessed. Genotyping for single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with NAFLD was performed in another small group consisting of biopsy-proven NAFLD subjects and healthy controls. RESULTS: A total of 2715 subjects who underwent routine health examinations were included in the study. Among 810 lean participants with a normal WC, 142 (17.5%) fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for NAFLD. Waist-height ratio, hemoglobin, platelets, and triglycerides were significant factors associated with the presence of NAFLD in these participants. The appropriate cut-off value of the FLI score in screening for NAFLD in the lean subjects with a normal WC was 25.15, which had a 77.8% sensitivity and 75.9% specificity. There was no significant difference in the single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the SIRT1, APOC3, PNPLA3, AGTR1, and PPARGC1A genes between lean subjects with and without NAFLD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: NAFLD is not uncommon in lean Chinese adults even with a normal WC. Metabolic factors, rather than genetic factors, may play important roles in the development of NAFLD in this population. A lower cut-off value of the FLI score in screening for NAFLD should be used for lean Chinese adults with a normal WC.

4.
J Dig Dis ; 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369237

RESUMO

AIMS: As a subpopulation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-obese NAFLD may also have increased risk of adverse hepatic and metabolic outcomes. We estimated the prevalence and incidence of non-obese NAFLD and described its clinical characteristics. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of 1235 citations up to Mar 2020. Meta-analyses, stratified analyses and meta-regression were all performed. RESULTS: Of the 48 studies included, 29 cross-sectional/longitudinal studies comprising 157904 non-obese subjects reported a pooled NAFLD prevalence of 14.8% (95% CI 12.5%-17.4%). Multivariable meta-regression showed that the prevalence rates varied by mean age of the sample, geographic region and population source. Further stratified analyses revealed that NAFLD was more prevalent among persons aged ≥45years (16.2%; 95% CI, 10.8-23.4) and in North America (19.3%; 95% CI, 13.9-26.2). The PNPLA3 rs738409 gene polymorphism was more frequent in non-obese NAFLD than in both obese NAFLD and non-obese controls, while the metabolic profiles of non-obese NAFLD were less severe than those of obese NAFLD. Patients with non-obese NAFLD had 5.29-fold and 5.43-fold higher risks for diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome than non-obese controls, respectively. Although non-obese patients had less severe liver histology, the pooled proportion of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis in non-obese NAFLD was 42.9% (95% CI 29.9%-56.9%) and 20.6% (95% CI 14.0%-29.2%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Non-obese NAFLD is common, particularly in North America and among persons aged ≥45years. Metabolic diseases and PNPLA3 rs738409 gene polymorphism are more frequent in non-obese NAFLD than in non-obese controls. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Eur Respir J ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Timely diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection is a prerequisite for treatment and prevention. The serology characteristics and complement diagnosis value of the antibody test to RNA test need to be demonstrated. METHOD: Serial sera of 80 patients with PCR-confirmed COVID-19 were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, China. Total antibody (Ab), IgM and IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were detected, and the antibody dynamics during the infection were described. RESULTS: The seroconversion rates for Ab, IgM and IgG were 98.8%, 93.8% and 93.8%, respectively. The first detectible serology marker was Ab, followed by IgM and IgG, with a median seroconversion time of 15, 18 and 20 days post exposure (d.p.e) or 9, 10 and 12 days post onset (d.p.o), respectively. The antibody levels increased rapidly beginning at 6 d.p.o. and were accompanied by a decline in viral load. For patients in the early stage of illness (0-7 d.p.o), Ab showed the highest sensitivity (64.1%) compared to IgM and IgG (33.3% for both, p<0.001). The sensitivities of Ab, IgM and IgG increased to 100%, 96.7% and 93.3% 2 weeks later, respectively. When the same antibody type was detected, no significant difference was observed between enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and other forms of immunoassays. CONCLUSIONS: A typical acute antibody response is induced during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Serology testing provides an important complement to RNA testing in the later stages of illness for pathogenic specific diagnosis and helpful information to evaluate the adapted immunity status of patients.

6.
J Hepatol ; 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278004

RESUMO

The exclusion of other chronic liver diseases including "excess" alcohol intake has until now been necessary to establish a diagnosis of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). However, given our current understanding of the pathogenesis of MAFLD and its rising prevalence, "positive criteria" to diagnose the disease are required. In this work, a panel of international experts from 22 countries propose a new definition for the diagnosis of MAFLD that is both comprehensive and simple, and is independent of other liver diseases. The criteria are based on evidence of hepatic steatosis, in addition to one of the following three criteria, namely overweight/obesity, presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, or evidence of metabolic dysregulation. We propose that disease assessment and stratification of severity should extend beyond a simple dichotomous classification to steatohepatitis vs. non-steatohepatitis. The group also suggests a set of criteria to define MAFLD-associated cirrhosis and proposes a conceptual framework to consider other causes of fatty liver disease. Finally, we bring clarity to the distinction between diagnostic criteria and inclusion criteria for research studies and clinical trials. Reaching consensus on the criteria for MAFLD will help unify the terminology (e.g. for ICD-coding), enhance the legitimacy of clinical practice and clinical trials, improve clinical care and move the clinical and scientific field of liver research forward.

8.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 35, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important anatomical basis, coronal structural position matching of the distal radius has long been lacking in terms of a quantitative understanding, and such matching is correlated with the postoperative functional recovery of patients with distal radius fracture. The purpose of this study was to explore the degree of coronal structural matching of the distal radius in a normal population and to improve the detailed anatomical knowledge of the distal radius. METHODS: The reconstructed 3D data were analysed using 3-matic research software from thin-film CT images of 80 normal adults, and the coronal structural matching of the distal radius was studied from two aspects: 1) self-matching of the distal radius; and 2) matching between the distal radius and ulna (i.e., the joint space of the distal radioulnar joint). Specific research methods: 1) The relative position of the medial wall of the distal radius with respect to the lunate was determined as the percentage (%) of the vertical distance from the medial wall of the radius to the most prominent ulnar point of the lunate in the corresponding plane from the ulna to the radius. 2) A total of 9 sets of data were collected for evaluating the palmar lateral spacing, median spacing, and dorsal lateral spacing at the distal, middle, and proximal levels of the radius. RESULTS: In the study, 9 sets of data were obtained. And the data of self-matching of the coronal structural of distal radius was also obtained, was 45.0% ± 16.2%. The P values in the above data were all greater than 0.05, showing no statistical significance. Finally, data of coronal bone structural matching of distal radius in 80 normal adults were obtained. CONCLUSIONS: Our study refines the anatomical data of the degree of coronal bone structural matching of the distal radius in a normal population. To explore the relationship between coronal alignment and function in cases of distal radius fracture, a standardized approach was established. Thin- film CT may help diagnose patients with dysplasia around the lunate and radioulnar joint that is difficult to diagnose on MRI.

9.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 88, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Gut and Obesity in Asia (GOASIA) Workgroup was formed to study obesity and gastrointestinal diseases in the Asia Pacific region. We aimed to 1) compare the characteristics of elderly (i.e. age ≥ 60) vs. non-elderly patients with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); 2) identify predictors of advanced fibrosis in elderly patients with NAFLD; and 3) assess the performance of non-invasive fibrosis scores in the prediction of advance fibrosis in the elderly population. METHODS: We abstracted the data of 1008 patients with NAFLD from nine centers across eight countries. Characteristics of elderly and non-elderly patients with NAFLD were compared using 1:3 sex-matched analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1008 patients, 175 were elderly [age 64 (62-67) years], who were matched with 525 non-elderly patients [46 (36-54) years]. Elderly patients were more likely to have advanced fibrosis (35.4% vs. 13.3%; p < 0.001). By multivariable analysis, factors associated with advanced fibrosis in elderly patients included female sex [odds ratio (OR) 3.21; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-7.54] and hypertension (OR 3.68; 95%CI 1.11-12.23). The area under receiver-operating characteristics curve (95% CI) of aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, NAFLD fibrosis score and Fibrosis-4 index for predicting advanced fibrosis in elderly patients were 0.62 (0.52-0.72), 0.65 (0.55-0.75) and 0.64 (0.54-0.74) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients with NAFLD had a higher prevalence of advanced fibrosis than non-elderly patients. Female and hypertension were predicting factors for advanced fibrosis in the elderly. Non-invasive fibrosis scores had a lower specificity in elderly.

11.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(3): 2348-2360, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233539

RESUMO

The remodeling of the left atrial morphology and function caused by atrial fibrillation (AF) can exacerbate thrombosis in the left atrium (LA) even spike up the risk of stroke within AF patients. This study explored the effect of the AF on hemodynamic and thrombosis in LA. We reconstructed the patient-specific anatomical shape of the LA and considered the non-Newtonian property of the blood. The thrombus model was applied in the LA models to simulate thrombosis. Our results indicate that AF can aggravate thrombosis which mainly occurs in the left atrial appendage (LAA). Thrombosis first forms on the LAA wall then expands toward the internal LAA. The proposed computational model also shows the potential application of numerical analyses to help assess the risk of thrombosis in AF patients.

12.
BMJ ; 369: m1443, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate viral loads at different stages of disease progression in patients infected with the 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the first four months of the epidemic in Zhejiang province, China. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A designated hospital for patients with covid-19 in Zhejiang province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 96 consecutively admitted patients with laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection: 22 with mild disease and 74 with severe disease. Data were collected from 19 January 2020 to 20 March 2020. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ribonucleic acid (RNA) viral load measured in respiratory, stool, serum, and urine samples. Cycle threshold values, a measure of nucleic acid concentration, were plotted onto the standard curve constructed on the basis of the standard product. Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics and treatment and outcomes data were obtained through data collection forms from electronic medical records, and the relation between clinical data and disease severity was analysed. RESULTS: 3497 respiratory, stool, serum, and urine samples were collected from patients after admission and evaluated for SARS-CoV-2 RNA viral load. Infection was confirmed in all patients by testing sputum and saliva samples. RNA was detected in the stool of 55 (59%) patients and in the serum of 39 (41%) patients. The urine sample from one patient was positive for SARS-CoV-2. The median duration of virus in stool (22 days, interquartile range 17-31 days) was significantly longer than in respiratory (18 days, 13-29 days; P=0.02) and serum samples (16 days, 11-21 days; P<0.001). The median duration of virus in the respiratory samples of patients with severe disease (21 days, 14-30 days) was significantly longer than in patients with mild disease (14 days, 10-21 days; P=0.04). In the mild group, the viral loads peaked in respiratory samples in the second week from disease onset, whereas viral load continued to be high during the third week in the severe group. Virus duration was longer in patients older than 60 years and in male patients. CONCLUSION: The duration of SARS-CoV-2 is significantly longer in stool samples than in respiratory and serum samples, highlighting the need to strengthen the management of stool samples in the prevention and control of the epidemic, and the virus persists longer with higher load and peaks later in the respiratory tissue of patients with severe disease.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Adulto , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Carga Viral
13.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 56, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal DNA methylation is a hallmark of human cancers and may be a promising biomarker for early diagnosis of human cancers. However, the majority of DNA methylation biomarkers that have been identified are based on the hypothesis that early differential methylation regions (DMRs) are maintained throughout carcinogenesis and could be detected at all stages of cancer. METHODS: In this study, we identified potential early biomarkers of colorectal cancer (CRC) development by genome-wide DNA methylation assay (Illumina infinium450, 450 K) of normal (N = 20) and pre-colorectal cancer samples including 18 low-grade adenoma (LGA) and 22 high-grade adenoma (HGA), integrated with GEO and ArrayExpress datasets (N = 833). RESULTS: We identified 209 and 8692 CpG sites that were significantly hyper-methylated in LGA and HGA, respectively. Pathway analysis identified nervous system-related methylation changes that are significantly associated with early adenoma development. Integration analysis revealed that DNA methylation in the promoter region of ADHFE1 has the most potential for being an early diagnostic biomarker for colorectal adenoma and cancer (sensitivity = 0.96, specificity = 0.95, area under the curve = 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, we demonstrated that DNA methylation have been shown significant changes in the stage of LGA and HGA in the development of colon cancer. Genome-wide DNA methylation to LGA and HGA provided an important proxy to identify promising early diagnosis biomarkers for colorectal cancer.

14.
Cytokine ; 131: 155076, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine whether relative miR-122 levels in peripheral blood are correlated with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus infection and viral replication to determine whether miR-122 can be a new marker for liver injury. METHODS: MicroRNA (miRNA) was extracted from the peripheral blood of 20 CHB patients, 20 CHC patients, and 20 healthy controls. The levels of miR-122 were determined using fluorescence real-time reverse transcription PCR. Then, the associations of miR-122 with CHB and CHC were analyzed, and its correlation with other markers of liver function and viral replication were determined. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-122 in patients with CHB was significantly higher when compared to subjects in the control group (P = 0.007) or CHC patients (P = 0.005). Furthermore, the miR-122 level in patients with CHC was somewhat higher when compared to healthy controls (66% higher), but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.229). MiR-122 levels were significantly correlated with ALT (correlation coefficient [R] = 0.7, P < 0.001), AST (R = 0.71, P < 0.001), and HBV NA (R = 0.9, P < 0.001). The regression analysis indicated that the AUC of miR-122 levels in the diagnosis of CHB was 0.87, with a sensitivity of 0.8 and a specificity of 0.8. CONCLUSION: MiR-122 can be used to distinguish healthy persons and patients with CHB infection with high sensitivity and specificity. These present findings presented that the complex and context-specific associations of miR-122 with liver diseases, suggesting that this may be a promising marker for liver injury.

15.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(6): 1335-1336, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134381

RESUMO

A woman with coronavirus disease in her 35th week of pregnancy delivered an infant by cesarean section in a negative-pressure operating room. The infant was negative for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2. This case suggests that mother-to-child transmission is unlikely for this virus.

16.
Hypertension ; 75(3): 772-780, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008433

RESUMO

The recommendations for the diagnosis of stage 1 hypertension were recently revised by the American Heart Association primarily based on its impact on cardiovascular disease risks. Whether the newly diagnosed stage 1 hypertension impacts pregnancy complications remain poorly defined. We designed a retrospective cohort study to investigate the associations of stage 1 hypertension detected in early gestation (<20 weeks) with risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes stratified by prepregnancy body mass index. A total of 47 874 women with singleton live births and blood pressure (BP) <140/90 mm Hg were included, with 5781 identified as stage 1a (systolic BP, 130-134 mm Hg; diastolic BP, 80-84 mm Hg; or both) and 3267 as stage 1b hypertension (systolic BP, 135-139 mm Hg; diastolic BP, 85-90 mm Hg; or both). Slightly higher, yet significant, rates and risks of gestational diabetes mellitus, preterm delivery, and low birth weight (<2500 g) were observed in both groups compared with normotensive controls. Importantly, women with stage 1a and stage 1b hypertension had significantly increased incidences of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy compared with normotensive women (adjusted odds ratio, 2.34 [95% CI, 2.16-2.53]; 3.05 [2.78-3.34], respectively). After stratifying by body mass index, stage 1a and 1b hypertension were associated with increased hypertensive disorders in pregnancy risks in both normal weight (body mass index, 18.5-24.9; adjusted odds ratio, 2.44 [2.23-2.67]; 3.26 [2.93-3.63]) and the overweight/obese (body mass index, ≥25; adjusted odds ratio, 1.90 [1.56-2.31]; 2.36 [1.92-2.90]). Current findings suggested significantly increased adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with stage 1 hypertension based on the revised American Heart Association guidelines, especially in women with prepregnancy normal weight.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 711: 135155, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000348

RESUMO

The increasing production and use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have attracted more and more attention due to their environmental and health risks. Municipal sewage biological treatment unit has been playing an important role in the removal of AgNPs. This study investigated the mechanism and characteristics of AgNPs and their removal from aqueous solution by activated sludge. Results from Scanning Electron Microscope and Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (SEM/EDS) showed that mixed AgNPs were immobilized by activated sludge. It was shown by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) that the fixed AgNPs had an oxidation state of +1. It was inferred by fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectra that AgNPs were adsorbed by activated sludge via binding with its primary amino (R-NH2) radical groups on the surface. These results revealed that the major mechanism for the removal of AgNPs by activated sludge was adsorption. The experiment data were in agreement with the Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson isotherms. The maximum adsorption capacity ranged from 12-32 mg g-1 at temperatures of 10-30 °C. Thermodynamic experiment showed that the adsorption of AgNPs by activated sludge was a spontaneous and endothermic reaction. The adsorption kinetics data were in good agreement with the pseudo-second-order model. The factor results indicated that the adsorption of AgNPs onto activated sludge was influenced by electrostatic repulsion, agglomeration, and the process of oxidation and sulfurization.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Esgotos , Prata , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(18): 2775-2778, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022095

RESUMO

The expeditious construction of phenanthridine scaffolds via a Pd/MnO2-mediated C-H arylation/oxidative annulation cascade involving aldehydes, aryl iodides and amino acids is disclosed. This reaction proceeds smoothly involving the formation of multiple chemical bonds with the tolerance of a wide range of functional groups. The control experiments suggest a radical mechanism for C-N bond formation via MnO2-promoted oxidative annulation of imine compounds. The synthetic utility of this transformation has been demonstrated via the straightforward access to bioactive natural alkaloid trisphaeridine and its analogue.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/química , Aminoácidos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados/química , Ácido Oxálico/química , Paládio/química , Fenantridinas/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Fenantridinas/química
19.
J Dig Dis ; 21(3): 179-188, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of Yinzhihuang (YZH) liquid, a traditional Chinese medicine mainly composed of extracts of four components, on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) induced by a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFHCD) in rats. METHODS: Altogether 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups: control, the model group (HFHCD + saline) and the treatment group (HFHCD + YZH). Liver histological features and serum biochemical parameters were assessed by the end of the 16th week. RNA sequencing and protein mass spectrometry detection were performed. The genes and proteins expressed differentially were subjected to KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and included in a network-based regulatory model. RESULTS: The weight, liver and fat indices and serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and total cholesterol levels of the HFHCD + YZH group were all significantly lower than those of the HFHCD + saline group. Moreover, their hepatic steatosis, ballooning and lobular inflammation were relieved, and 64 hepatic genes and 73 hepatic proteins were found to be reversed in their expression patterns after YZH treatment (P < 0.05). The network-based regulatory model showed that these deregulated genes and proteins were mainly involved in oxidative phosphorylation, Toll-like receptor, nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling, nuclear factor-kappa B tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways and fatty acid metabolism. CONCLUSION: YZH could alleviate NASH in HFHCD-fed rats by inhibiting lipogenesis, accelerating lipid ß-oxidation, alleviating oxidative stress and relieving necroinflammation in the liver.

20.
J Org Chem ; 85(2): 691-701, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790239

RESUMO

A convenient acid-mediated reaction of ß-keto sulfones with sulfoxides under metal-free conditions has been developed, thereby delivering the acid-controlled synthesis of ß-sulfenyl ketones and α,ß-disulfonyl ketones in good to excellent yields. The mechanism of the transformations has been studied carefully, which suggested the involvement of a radical process in the formation of α,ß-disulfonyl ketones.

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