Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 105
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Pharmacol Res ; : 104943, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461185
2.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 171, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by joint inflammation and damage to the cartilage and bone in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can improve articular symptoms and reduce bone erosion in CIA rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying MSC-induced improvement of bone destruction in CIA. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into a normal group, CIA control group, MTX intervention group, and BMSC intervention group, each comprising 8 rats. Serum RANKL, OPG, and CXCL10 levels of all groups were determined via flow cytometry after 42 days of interventions. RANKL, OPG, TRAF6, CXCL10, and CXCR3 were detected on the synovial membrane via immunohistochemistry, and their relative mRNA levels were determined via RT-PCR analysis. BMSCs were labeled with GFP and administered to CIA rats via the tail vein. At different time points, the distribution of implanted GFP-MSCs in synovial tissues was observed using a fluorescence microscope, and the potential of GFP-MSCs to differentiate into chondrocytes was assessed via immunofluorescence analysis. RESULTS: BMSC transplantation improved joint inflammation and inhibited bone destruction in CIA rats. BMSCs inhibited the expression of serum CXCL10 and CXCL10 and CXCR3 expression at the synovial membrane. Moreover, protein and mRNA expression analyses revealed that BMSCs potentially regulated RANKL/OPG expression levels in the serum and synovial tissue. Upon implantation into CIA rats, GFP-MSCs were traced in the joints. GFP-positive cells were observed in the cartilage tissue from day 11 and until 42 days after transplantation. Anti-type II collagen/GFP double-positive cells were observed in the articular cartilage (especially damaged cartilage) upon immunofluorescence staining of anti-type II collagen. CONCLUSIONS: BMSCs improve bone destruction in CIA by inhibiting the CXCL10/CXCR3 chemotactic axis, regulating the RANKL/OPG ratio, and directly differentiating into chondrocytes.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 527(1): 56-63, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446391

RESUMO

Ensconsin is encoded by the MAP7 gene and belongs to the microtubule-associated proteins. This study aimed to explore its functional roles and partners in cell-cycle progression in cervical cancer. Data from the Cancer Genome Atlas-Cervical & Endocervical Cancer (TCGA-CESC) and the Genotype-Tissue Expression project were used for bioinformatic analysis. SiHa cells were used for in-vitro and in-vivo analysis. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay was conducted to explore the proteins interacted with MAP7. Results showed that MAP7 mRNA expression might serve as an independent biomarker of shorter survival. MAP7 overexpression elevated cyclin D1/cyclin B1 expression, facilitated cell-cycle progression and promoted SiHa cell growth in a xenograft tumor model. Co-IP experiments confirmed a novel interaction between MAP7 and RC3H1. Knockdown of either RC3H1 or MAP7 significantly attenuated cyclin D1/cyclin B1 upregulation, and cell-cycle progression induced by the other partner. MAP7 overexpression led to increased expression of P-IKK (Ser176/177) and P-p65 (Ser536). RC3H1 inhibition abrogated MAP7 induced upregulation of P-IKK and P-p65. Data in TCGA-CESC showed that MAP7 expression was positively correlated with its copy number segments, but was negatively correlated with the methylation level of three CpG sites within the gene locus. Demethylation treatment by 5-Aza-dC elevated both MAP7 mRNA and protein expression in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, this study revealed a novel interaction between MAP7 and RC3H1 in cervical cancer cells, which cooperatively enhanced cyclin D1/cyclin B1 expression and facilitated cell-cycle progression. These effects were at least partly mediated by activated canonical IKK/NF-kB signaling.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198681

RESUMO

The variations of phytoplankton functional groups and their correlation with environmental factors, as well as the applicability of phytoplankton functional groups to serve as biological water quality indicator in the Pearl River, South China, were studied in the present study. A total of 96 samples were collected and divided into 21 functional groups from September 2016 to July 2017. The phytoplankton functional groups P and G were dominant during the investigation, and their biomass contributing was ranged 0.06 to 89.07%, the average 30.73%, and ranged 1.47 to 62.40%, the average 9.33% of the total biomass, respectively. The results showed environmental estrogens-BPA (bisphenol A), E2 (17ß-estradiol), E1 (estrone), 4-t-OP (4-tert-octylphenol), 4-NP (nonylphenol), TCS (triclosan), and TCC (triclocarban)-in the Pearl River were significantly different, and with average values of 269.30 ng L-1, 2.76 ng L-1, 4.24 ng L-1, 53.68 ng L-1, 952.72 ng L-1, 16.79 ng L-1, and 8.61 ng L-1, respectively. This was likely responsible for the differences in the phytoplankton functional groups. We observed positive correlations between P and A, and G and J. Functional groups P biomass decreased significantly with functional groups LM increased, and functional groups M and J with X2. We found positive correlations between functional group G and concentrations of E1 and TCC; functional group A and total nitrogen (TN), 4-NP, 4-t-OP, and E2; functional groups LM and L1 and total suspended particles, BPA, and TCS; and functional group G and negative total phosphorus (TP), pH, and TCS. The study showed that TN, TP, and the environmental estrogens in the aquatic ecosystems were correlation with phytoplankton functional groups type, and affected the ecological balance in aquatic environments.

5.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 76(5): 695-702, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of loading dose on micafungin by simulating different dosage regimens. METHODS: A published study of micafungin in ICU patients was employed to simulate nine different dosage regimens which were sorted out three groups in terms of three maintenance doses. Using pharmacokinetic parameters and pharmacodynamic data, 5000-subject Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to simulate concentration-time profiles of micafungin, calculate probabilities of target attainment (PTAs), and cumulative fractions of response (CFRs) in terms of AUC/MIC targets. PTAs were calculated using AUC/MIC cut-offs: 285 (Candida parapsilosis), 3000 (all Candida spp.), and 5000 (non-parapsilosis Candida spp.). PTA or CFR > 90% was considered optimal for a dosage regimen. RESULTS: The concentration-time profiles of micafungin-simulated dosage regimens were obtained. PTA values were over 90% while applying the loading dose in each group of regimens: for Candida albicans and Candida glabrata (AUC/MIC = 5000), all regimens with loading dose provided PTAs of ≥ 90% for MIC ≤ 0.008 mg/L. The PTAs (AUC/MIC = 3000) were over 90% for MIC ≤ 0.008 mg/L in any regimen. However, for MIC inferior to 0.016 mg/L, only loading dosage regimens provided PTAs exceeding 90%. For C. parapsilosis (AUC/MIC = 285), the maximum MIC of achieving a PTA ≥ 90% was 0.25 mg/L both in the regimens of B (150 mg maintenance dose) and C (200 mg maintenance dose) with loading dose. In addition, CFR of any regimen with loading dose was ≥ 90% against C. albicans and C. glabrata. None of the dosage regimens achieved an expected CFR against C. parapsilosis. CONCLUSIONS: The dosage regimen of micafungin which had a loading dose of 1.5 times was more suitable for ICU patients infected by Candida spp.

6.
Brain Stimul ; 13(1): 109-116, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been explored in epilepsy with limited samples, varied parameters, and inconclusive results. We aimed to study the efficacy of tDCS for patients with refractory focal epilepsy. METHOD: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, and three-arm (Group 1 (sham), Group 2 (20-min), and Group 3 (2 × 20-min)) tDCS parallel multicenter study. The primary outcome measurement was seizure frequencies (SFs). The study consisted of 28-days baseline, 14-days treatment, and 56-days follow-up. The cathode was placed over the epileptogenic focus, and the current intensity was 2 mA. The generalized estimating equations model, one-way analysis of variance, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Of the 82 enrolled patients, 70 patients were included for final analysis (Group 1, n = 21; Group 2, n = 24; and Group 3, n = 25). There was a significant reduction in SFs for both active tDCS groups compared with the sham group. Patients in Group 2 showed a significantly 50.73-21.91% greater reduction in SFs that lasted for 4 weeks (p = 0.008-0.060). Patients in Group 3 showed a significantly 63.19-49.79% greater reduction in SFs compared with the sham group that lasted for 5 weeks (p = 0.011-0.045). Patients in Group 3 had a 64.98-66.32% greater reduction in SFs at W9-W10, when compared with Group 2 (p = 0.021-0.022). CONCLUSION: Fourteen consecutive days tDCS significantly decreased SFs in patients with refractory focal epilepsy, with 2 × 20-min daily stimulation protocol being superior to 20-min daily stimulation protocol.

7.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaax7142, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681849

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy increases the risk of postnatal microcephaly. Neurovascular function provides a homeostatic environment for proper brain development. The major facilitator superfamily domain-containing protein 2 (Mfsd2a) is selectively expressed in human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hBMECs) and is the major transporter mediating the brain uptake of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We have discovered a pivotal role for Mfsd2a in the pathogenesis of ZIKV. ZIKV disrupted Mfsd2a both in cultured primary hBMECs and in the neonatal mouse brain. ZIKV envelope (E) protein specifically interacted with Mfsd2a and promoted Mfsd2a polyubiquitination for proteasome-dependent degradation. Infection with ZIKV or ectopic expression of ZIKV E impaired Mfsd2a-mediated DHA uptake. Lipidomic analysis revealed obvious differences in DHA-containing lipids after ZIKV infection. Supplementation with DHA rescued ZIKV-caused growth restriction and microcephaly. Our findings suggest endothelial Mfsd2a as an important pathogenic mediator and supplementation with DHA as a potential therapeutic option for ZIKV infection.

8.
Bioorg Chem ; 93: 103328, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600664

RESUMO

A series of new 4-N-phenylaminoquinoline derivatives were designed, synthesized, and their anticholinesterase activities, 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, metal-chelating ability were tested. Among them, compounds 11j, 11k and 11l had comparable inhibition activities to reference drug galantamine both in AChE and in BChE. Especially, compound 11j revealed the most potent inhibition to eeAChE and eqBChE with IC50 values of 1.20 µM and 18.52 µM, respectively. Furthermore, both kinetic analysis of AChE inhibition and molecular docking study indicated that compound 11j was mixed-type inhibitor, binding simultaneously to the catalytic anionic site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE, and propidium iodide displacement assay showed significant displacement of propidium iodide with compound 11k (25.80%) from PAS of eeAChE. More importantly, compound 11l displayed excellent DPPH radical scavenging activity (84% at 1 mg/mL), and its EC50 value was 0.328 µM. In addition, compounds 11a, 11j, 11k and 11l exhibited obvious biometal chelating abilities toward Al3+, Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions. Taken together, 4-N-phenylaminoquinoline derivatives targeting multiple pathogenetic factors deserve further investigation for treatment of AD.

9.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1711, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379885

RESUMO

Pattern recognition receptors sense pathogen components and initiate the host antiviral innate immune response, such as inducing interferons (IFNs). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging regulators of multiple biological processes. However, their role in antiviral response, especially through regulating the human innate immune, is largely unexplored. Here we characterized that lncATV, a human specific lncRNA, was up-regulated upon type I/III IFN stimulations and virus infection. LncATV was cytoplasmic localized and relatively high expressed in human monocytes, erythroleukemia cells and hepatoma cells. Notably, lncATV knockdown significantly inhibited the replication of multiple RNA viruses, such as hepatitis C virus, Zika virus, Newcastle disease virus, and Sendai virus. Mechanistically, RIG-I antiviral signaling and IFN effective pathway were enhanced when lncATV expression was knocked down but inhibited by overexpressed lncATV. RNA immunoprecipitation results demonstrated an association between LncATV and RIG-I. Collectively, our findings reveal the functional role of a novel human specific lncATV as a regulatory lncRNA restricting virus associated innate immune response.

10.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 21(6): 821, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468211

RESUMO

The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in the abstract section. In line 5, the phrase "... O. brevibarba was a diploid with 48 chromosomes" should be presented as "... O. brevibarba was a diploid with 50 chromosomes".

11.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(11): 1222-1228, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429206

RESUMO

The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) defined drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) that epilepsy seizure symptoms cannot be controlled with two well-tolerated and appropriately chosen antiepileptic drugs, whether they are given as monotherapy or in combination. According to the WHO reports, there is about 30%-40% of epilepsy patients belong to DRE. These patients need some treatments other than drugs, such as epilepsy surgery, and neuromodulation treatment. Traditional surgical approaches may be limited by the patient's clinical status, pathological tissue location, or overall prognosis. Thus, neuromodulation is an alternative choice to control their symptoms. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is one of the neuromodulation methods clinically, which have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this review, we systematically describe the clinical application, clinical effects, possible antiepileptic mechanisms, and future research directions of VNS for epilepsy.

12.
Food Funct ; 10(9): 5566-5573, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429848

RESUMO

The interactions among the liver, intestine and immune system play an important role in alcoholic liver injury. In this study, C57BL/6N mice with alcoholic injury were treated with unfermented and Lactobacillus fermentum KP-3-fermented ginseng. The indicators of hepatic steatosis, inflammation and injury were evaluated. The number of beneficial and harmful bacteria in the mice ileum and colon was counted by a traditional method; moreover, the diversity analysis of the cecum flora was performed. The alcohol exposure increased the levels of ALT, AST, TNF-α and IL-6 inflammatory factors and liver steatosis. In addition, the alcohol-fed miceexhibited a lower number of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria in the ileum and colon; the cecum flora diversity in the mice showed that alcohol obviously enhanced the abundance of the unclassified S24-7 of the Bacteroidetes phylum and the Proteobacteria genus of the Sutterella phylum and reduced the abundance of short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria such as Akkermansia in the Verrucomicrobia phylum and those belonging to the Allobaculum genus, the Ruminococcus genus, and the Adlercreutzia genus in the Actinobacteria phylum. All these changes were improved by fermented ginseng. Conclusively, fermented ginseng could alleviate the alcoholic liver injury and disorder of the intestine by adjusting the intestinal flora.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactobacillus fermentum/metabolismo , Panax/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Colo/microbiologia , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/microbiologia , Fermentação , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Panax/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
J Int Med Res ; 47(8): 4039-4042, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370731
14.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 20(6): 247, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286321

RESUMO

We aim to describe the influence of principal ingredients of Wuzhi capsule, schisandrin A (SIA) and schisantherin A (STA), on the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporin A (CsA) and to quantify the herb-drug interactions (HDIs) between SIA, STA, and CsA. CsA is a first-line immunosuppressant for anti-rejection therapy after solid organ transplantation, while narrow therapeutic window associated with strong hepatotoxicity largely limited its use. Wuzhi capsule, a liver-protective drug, was approved for coadministration with CsA to reduce the hepatotoxicity. There are few studies exploring HDIs of CsA when coadministered with Wuzhi capsule. The essential adjusted physicochemical data and pharmacokinetic parameters of SIA, STA, and CsA were collected. Then physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models of SIA, STA, and CsA were built and verified in healthy subjects using Simcyp respectively. The refined PBPK models were used to estimate potential HDIs between CsA and SIA, STA. The simulated plasma concentration-time curves of CsA, SIA, and STA were in good accordance with the observed profiles respectively. CsA pharmacokinetics were improved after coadministration. After a single dose and multiple doses, the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of CsA was increased by 47% and 226% when coadministered with STA, respectively, and by 8% and 36% when coadministered with SIA, respectively. PBPK models sufficiently described the pharmacokinetics of CsA, SIA, and STA. Compared with SIA, STA inhibited CsA metabolism to a greater extent. Our result revealed the dose of CsA can be reduced to maintain similar profile when used concomitantly with Wuzhi capsule.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Octanos/administração & dosagem , Ciclosporina/farmacocinética , Dioxóis/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/farmacocinética , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Compostos Policíclicos/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Ciclo-Octanos/química , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Dioxóis/química , Interações Ervas-Drogas , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Lignanas/química , Masculino , Compostos Policíclicos/química
15.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 21(4): 515-525, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203477

RESUMO

Onychostoma brevibarba is a new discovered species which is distributed in Xiang Jiang River of the middle Chang Jiang basin in Hunan Province, South China. In this study, the ploidy levels of O. brevibarba were confirmed by counting chromosomal numbers and analyzing karyotype. The complete mitochondrial genome of O. brevibarba was determined and analyzed. Besides, we firstly performed the full-length transcriptome of O. brevibarba derived from 5 different tissues using the PacBio SMRT sequencing. The result shows that O. brevibarba was a diploid with 50 chromosomes [corrected]. The complete mitogenome of O. brevibarba was 16,602 bp in size and very similar (89.1-91.3%) to that of other Onychostoma species but was distinct from all congeners. The full-length transcriptome dataset of O. brevibarba comprised 120,239 unigenes. Among the unigenes, 91,542 were functionally annotated, whereas 26,794 were found to have two or more isoforms. This study could provide many new insights into cytology and molecular characteristics of O. brevibarba; it laid the foundation for further exploration of the genomic signatures of species of Onychostoma.


Assuntos
Cromossomos/química , Cyprinidae/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial , Genoma , Transcriptoma , Animais , Cyprinidae/classificação , Ontologia Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Cariótipo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Ploidias , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Front Genet ; 10: 377, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105746

RESUMO

Based on the formation of an autotetraploid fish line (4nAUT, 4n = 200; F2-F11) derived from the distant hybridization of female Carassius auratus red var. (RCC, 2n = 100) × male Megalobrama amblycephala (BSB, 2n = 48), we produced autotriploid hybrids (3nAUT) by crossing females of RCC with males of 4nAUT and allotriploid hybrids (3nALT) by crossing females of Cyprinus carpio (CC, 2n = 100) with males of 4nAUT. The aim of this study was to comparatively investigate the reproductive characteristics of 3nALT and 3nAUT. We investigated morphological traits, chromosomal numbers, DNA content and gonadal development in 3nAUT and 3nALT. The results indicated both 3nAUT and 3nALT possessed 150 chromosomes and were triploid hybrids. The females and males of 3nALT and males of 3nAUT had abnormal gonadal development and could not generate mature eggs or sperm, but the females of 3nAUT had normal gonadal development and generated mature eggs at 2 years old. The females of 3nAUT generated different sizes of eggs, which fertilized with haploid sperm from RCC and formed viable diploid, triploid, and tetraploid offspring. The formation of these two kinds of triploid hybrids provides an ideal model for studying the reproductive traits of triploid hybrids, which is of great value in animal genetics and reproductive biology.

17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(5): 2435-2442, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087885

RESUMO

In the natural state, the soil temperature changes periodically throughout the day, but there is no unified opinion on whether the daily variation of soil temperature affects the mineralization of soil organic carbon. Therefore, the effect of cyclical temperature fluctuations on organic carbon mineralization of purple soil, widely distributed in southwest China, was studied by an incubation experiment in the laboratory. These soils were incubated at three constant temperatures (15, 20, and 25℃) with cyclically fluctuating temperatures (the range was within 15/25℃) and two moisture levels (70% water holding capacity (WHC) and submerged condition). In the entire incubation period (66 d), aerobic and submerged condition, variable temperature (15/25℃) cultivation of purple soil, SOC cumulative mineralization and the mineralization intensity had no obvious differences with constant temperature of 20℃. This indicated that the periodic variable temperature treatment (15/25℃) of SOC mineralization of purple soil with the same accumulated temperature of constant temperature processing (20℃). In addition, except for constant temperature of 15℃, the temperature processing of submerged condition of purple soil SOC cumulative mineralization was significantly higher than 70% WHC treatment (P<0.05). During the entire incubation period, soil microorganism carbon content could not reflect the SOC mineralization differences under constant temperature and cyclically fluctuating temperature. According to two-pool first-order model, the submerged condition can effectively increase the labile SOC pool size of purple soil, but the cyclically fluctuating temperature cannot effectively affect the labile SOC pool size of purple soil.

18.
Neurol Res ; 41(8): 749-761, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038018

RESUMO

Purpose: To confirm different local brain activities characterized in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizure model. Methods: we induced seizure response by a single dose of PTZ injection (45 mg/kg, i.p.). Local activity was recorded in different brain regions by EEG in time and c-Fos staining at different time points (0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h) after PTZ treatment. Results: EEG recordings showed distinctive features of activation in different brain areas. With the aggravation of behavioral manifestations of seizures, the frequency and amplitude of the discharges on EEG were increasing gradually. The epileptic response on EEG immediately ended after reaching the maximum stage of seizures, followed by a short period of suppression. The labeling of c-Fos was enhanced in the medial prefrontal cortex, the piriform cortex, the amygdala, hippocampal CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus, but inapparent in the striatum. The most potent changes in c-Fos were observed in cortex, amygdala nuclei, and dentate gyrus. EEG and c-Fos immunolabeling in neuronal activation showed discrepancies in the striatum. For each brain region, the maximum c-Fos labeling was observed at 2 h after injection and diminished at 4 h. The level of c-Fos immunoreactivity was even lower than the control group, which was accompanied by increased labeling of parvalbumin neurons (PVNs). Conclusions: These findings validated PTZ-induced seizure as a seizure model with a specific spatial-temporal profile. Neuronal activity was enhanced and then subsequently inhibited during seizure evolution. Abbreviations: AEDs: anti-epileptic drugs; AF: Alexa Fluor; CA1: Cornu Ammonis area 1; CA3: Cornu Ammonis area 3; DAB, 3: 3P-diaminobenzidine; DAPI: 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; DG: dentate gyrus; EEG: electroencephalogram; GABA: gamma-aminobutyric acid; IEG: immediate early gene; mPFC: medial prefrontal cortex; NAc: nucleus accumbens; PB: phosphate buffer; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; PBST: phosphate buffered saline with Tween; PFA, paraformaldehyde; PTZ: pentylenetetrazol; PVN: parvalbumin neuron; ROI: regions of interest; SE: status epilepticus.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eletroencefalografia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Pentilenotetrazol , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/metabolismo
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(20): 18504-18510, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033271

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal is a favorable anode for most energy storage equipment, thanks to its higher theoretical specific capacity. However, nonuniform Li nucleation/growth results in large-sized and irregular dendrites generated from the Li anode, which causes rapid capacity fade and serious safety hazard, hindering its widespread practical applications. In this paper, with the aid of a lithium nitrate (LiNO3) additive in a carbonate-based electrolyte, the Li anode shows low hysteresis for in excess of 1000 h at a current density of 0.5 mA cm-2. At the same time, a Li-graphite dual-ion battery exhibits an outstanding cycling stability at 5C; after 1000 cycles, 81% of the capacity is retained. After calculation, the Li-graphite dual-ion battery shows a competitive specific energy density of 243 Wh kg-1 at a power density of 234 W kg-1. Moreover, the linear sweep voltammetry test was first performed to analyze the Li nucleation/growth mechanism and explain the effect of the LiNO3 additive. The superior electrochemical properties of the Li-graphite dual-ion battery are ascribed to the formation of smooth Li composed of Li nanoparticles and a steady solid electrolyte interface film.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 675: 151-164, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026639

RESUMO

The biomagnification of metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn) and the metalloid As in aquatic systems is a global health concern. In this study, concentrations of fatty acid biomarkers in zooplankton were analyzed from the Pearl River, South China between September 2016 and July 2017. The objective was to examine how particulate matter, algae and bacteria food sources affect metal bioaccumulation using fatty acid facilitation. In the zooplankton fraction, positive correlations were observed between Pb concentration and Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), Zn and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (diatoms and Cryptophyceae biomarkers), Fe with Palmitoleic acid (C16:1n-7, diatom marker), and a weak association of Mn with α-linolenic acid (C18:3n-3). Cu concentration in the zooplankton increased significantly with an endogenous biotic biomarker Stearic acid (C18:0, bacteria biomarker), while Cd concentrations increased with increasing Oleic acid (C18:1n-9, green alga biomarker) concentration. There was a positive correlation between Cr concentration and the sum of Pentadecylic and Margaric acids (C15:0 + C17:0, bacteria biomarkers). Seven of the nine metals examined showed associations with fatty acids in the zooplankton. The bioaccumulation of Co, Cu, Pb, Fe, Mn and Zn concentration was correlated to the individual biomasses of Brachionus calyciflorus, Filinia longiseta, Schmackeria forbesi, Limnoithona sinenisis, Thermocyclops brevifurcatus, and Diaphanosoma dubium. For selected zooplankton taxa, the algal biomasses of Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cryptophyceae, and Bacillariophyceae were correlated. Zooplankton were affected by selected species of phytoplankton and bacteria numbers in the Pearl River. These results show that metal accumulation in zooplankton is not only correlated with diet but is also in part, species specific with metal type. Thus, the bioaccumulation or scavenging of metals across trophic levels is a fundamental and complex component of metal cycling in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Bactérias , China , Dieta , Exposição Dietética , Metais/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zooplâncton/fisiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA