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1.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 8474523, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827383

RESUMO

We previously reported that acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) after normal or high-fat diet is associated with a decreased number of Paneth cells in ileal crypts. Here, we ablated Paneth cells in a rat model of ANP after normal and high-fat diet to investigate the effects on disease symptoms. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received standard rat chow or a high-fat diet for 2 weeks, after which they were treated with dithizone to deplete Paneth cells. Six hours later, ANP was established by retrograde injection of sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct. Rats were sacrificed at 6, 12, and 24 h for assessment. We found dithizone aggravated ANP-associated pathological injuries to the pancreas and ileum in rats on high-fat or standard diets. Lysozyme expression in ileal crypts was decreased, while serum inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-1ß, and IL-17A) and intestinal permeability (serum DAO activity and D-lactate) were increased. Expression of tight junction proteins (claudin-1, zo-1, and occludin) was decreased. Using high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing, we found dithizone reduced microbiota diversity and altered microbiota composition in rats on high-fat or standard diets. Dithizone decreased fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in rats on high-fat or standard diets. Changes in intestinal microbiota correlated significantly with SCFAs, lysozyme, DAO activity, D-lactate, inflammatory cytokines, and pathological injury to the pancreas and ileum in rats on high-fat or standard diets. In conclusion, ablation of Paneth cells exacerbates pancreatic and intestinal injuries in ANP after normal and high-fat diet. These symptoms may be related to changes in the intestinal microbiota.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18000, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770212

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Bladder cancer (BC) is commonly diagnosed in the urinary system and the most common subtype is transitional urothelial carcinoma (TCC). Even with the best treatment, tumor recurrence and metastases always occur. While clinicians commonly observe the metastases to pelvic lymph nodes, liver, lung, and bone, it may infrequently spread to some uncommon locations. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 67-year-old man with a diagnosis of high-grade TCC with squamous differentiation in the bladder and prostate. Subsequently, radical cystoprostatectomy, adjuvant radiotherapy, and chemotherapy were performed. However, he felt intermittent right scrotal pain about 1 year later. DIAGNOSIS: Ultrasound strongly suggested a testicular neoplasm of right testis, but the left was normal. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a right radical orchiectomy and histopathology confirmed testicular metastatic neoplasm from bladder. Moreover, further examination with positron emission tomography revealed no visible distant spread of the urothelial carcinoma. OUTCOMES: No signs of tumor recurrence or distant metastasis were visible under follow-up 1 year after radical orchiectomy. LESSONS: Testicular mass may be metastatic tumor during follow-up for patients who were diagnosed as BC, especially for TCC with variant histology. The reason of this could be explained of residual micrometastases after surgery and need more examination to discover local micrometastases to apply more aggressive treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição/secundário , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias Testiculares/secundário , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Cistectomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Urotélio/patologia
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(78): 11774-11777, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515552

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed 1,4-addition reaction of sulfonyl iodides with 1,3-enynes affording various allenyl halides in high yields under mild conditions has been developed. Mechanistic studies showed that the reaction proceeds through a radical mechanism.

4.
Chem Sci ; 10(25): 6316-6321, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341585

RESUMO

A Ru(ii)-catalyzed direct access to various functionalized allenoic acids via C-H allenylation of readily available aryl carboxylic acids with propargylic acetates is reported. Axially chiral allenoic acids could be obtained in high ee by using optically active propargylic acetates through a chirality transfer strategy.

5.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2019: 5705782, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281350

RESUMO

Aim: Monocytes play an important role in acute pancreatitis (AP). Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP) is always more severe than normal lipid-AP, whether the mechanism of aggravation involves monocyte subsets remains unknown though. The present study was aimed to analyze changes of peripheral blood M1 and M2 monocytes in HTGP patients. Methods: A total of 90 subjects were enrolled, among which 16 diagnosed with HTGP, 34 with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP), 20 with hypertriglyceridemia (HTG), and 20 healthy controls (HC). Peripheral blood CD14+CD86+ M1 and CD14+CD206+ M2 monocytes were examined by flow cytometry on days 1, 3, and 7 after admission. Results: We found a marked increase in total and M1 monocyte count in AP patients (P < 0.05). In HTGP, the percentage of M1 monocytes in white blood cells was significantly higher on days 1, 3, and 7, while M2 monocyte percentage was decreased on day 3, compared with ABP (P < 0.05). In mild HTGP, M1 monocyte count and percentage gradually decreased, while M2 monocyte percentage gradually increased from day 1 to 7. In severe HTGP, M1 monocyte count and percentage rose to the highest point while M2 were the lowest on day 3. Additionally, the level of M1 monocytes showed a positive correlation with plasma triglyceride and Ranson score of HTGP patients. Conclusions: Peripheral blood M1 and M2 monocytes showed different dynamic changes in mild and severe HTGP. A more dominant role of CD14+CD86+ M1 monocytes may be involved in the pathogenesis of HTGP.

6.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 85(12)2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979838

RESUMO

An increase of Escherichia-Shigella was previously reported in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). We investigated whether Escherichia coli MG1655, an Escherichia commensal organism, increased intestinal injury and aggravated ANP in rats. ANP was induced by retrograde injection of 3.5% sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct. Using gut microbiota-depleted rats, we demonstrated that gut microbiota was involved in the pancreatic injury and intestinal barrier dysfunction in ANP. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and quantitative PCR, we found intestinal dysbiosis and a significant increase of E. coli MG1655 in ANP. Afterward, administration of E. coli MG1655 by gavage to gut microbiota-depleted rats with ANP was performed. We observed that after ANP induction, E. coli MG1655-monocolonized rats presented more severe injury in the pancreas and intestinal barrier function than gut microbiota-depleted rats. Furthermore, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/MyD88/p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAPK) and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) activation in intestinal epithelial cells were also increased more significantly in the MG1655-monocolonized ANP rats. In vitro, the rat ileal epithelial cell line IEC-18 displayed aggravated tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced inflammation and loss of tight-junction proteins in coculture with E. coli MG1655, as well as TLR4, MyD88, and Bip upregulation. In conclusion, our study shows that commensal E. coli MG1655 increases TLR4/MyD88/p38 MAPK and ERS signaling-induced intestinal epithelial injury and aggravates ANP in rats. Our study also describes the harmful potential of commensal E. coli in ANP.IMPORTANCE This study describes the harmful potential of commensal E. coli in ANP, which has not been demonstrated in previous studies. Our work provides new insights into gut bacterium-ANP cross talk, suggesting that nonpathogenic commensals could also exhibit adverse effects in the context of diseases.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(8): 1056-1059, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617362

RESUMO

H2S is considered to be an important reductant in abiotic CO2 reduction to organics, however, almost no experimental support has been reported. Herein, the first observation of CO2 reduction to formate with H2S under alkaline hydrothermal conditions is reported, and water is found to act as a hydrogen donor.

8.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2018: 1420590, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30158961

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the epidemiology, etiology, and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in urban and suburban areas of Shanghai in 2011 and 2016. Methods: A retrospective study of patients admitted to Shanghai General Hospital (urban and suburban campuses) with AP in 2011 and 2016 was undertaken. Patients were divided into acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP), hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP), alcoholic pancreatitis, and pancreatitis of other causes according to etiology. Severity of AP was divided into mild AP (MAP), moderately severe AP (MSAP), and severe AP (SAP). Results: AP patients in the suburban area increased more rapidly than those in the urban area. The mean onset age of AP in the urban area in 2016 was older than that in the suburban area (p < 0.05). The suburban patients in 2016 have significantly younger mean onset age than those in 2011 (p < 0.05). HTGP incidence in suburban patients increased from 2011 to 2016, which changed little in the urban area. Urban females were more likely to develop HTGP than suburban ones in 2011, which reversed in 2016. As to the male patients, the incidence of HTGP increased in both urban and suburban areas. Nonelderly (<60 years old) patients had higher HTGP incidence than elderly ones in both 2011 and 2016. The descending trend of SAP in the suburban area was more obvious than that in the urban area. The length of hospitalization decreased from 2011 to 2016, especially in SAP patients. Conclusions: AP patients increased more rapidly in the suburban area of Shanghai with younger onset age. The incidence of HTGP increased significantly in the suburban area, reminding of the prevention and screening of HTG.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(4): 1033-1037, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30111403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic safety and efficacy of VDMP re-induction regimen in Chinese children with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Forty-one patients with relapsed ALL were prospectively enrolled in this study. All the patients were distributed in 3 children's hospitals and treated with VDMP regimen as the first re-induction chemotherapy. Therapeutic efficacy and side-effects were analyzed. RESULTS: The ratio of male to female was 27:14. The median age was 7.9 (2.2-15.4) years old. Patients relapsed at very early, early, and late stage were 7 cases, 11 cases, and 23 cases, respectively.The immunophenotype analysis showed that 38 cases were B-ALL, and 3 cases were T-ALL. All patients suffered from grade 4 of neutropenia and forty(97.6%) cases got infection, of them one case died. Thirty-nine(95.1%) cases had nonhematologic adverse event at least one organ involved grade 3 in 38 out of 41 cases, the VDMP therapy was completed, 34(89.5%) cases achieved a complete remission (CR), 1 case achieved partial remission(PR), and 3 cases didn't get remission. Follow-up data of 38 cases with completing VDMP chemotherapy were obtained, only one case was lost. Among 37 cases available for evaluation, 16 cases received allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT) after chemotherapy, and 13 patients survived, while 21 cases did not receive allo-HSCT(treated with chemotherapy only), and 8 patients survived.The overall survival rate of allo-HSCT group was significantly higher than that of those treated with chemotherapy only(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: VDMP re-induction regimen is effective and well tolerable for pafients in the treated children with relapsed ALL. After remission, allo-HSCT is recommended with the aim of long survival.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 7219-7225, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27920559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to observe the prognosis of pediatric patients with E2A-PBX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) from the treatment with the CCLG-ALL2008 protocol. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred and forty-nine Chinese pediatric patients with pre-B-cell ALL were enrolled in this study from December 2008 to September 2013. Of these, 20 patients with E2A-PBX1 expression and 223 without the gene expression were stratified into two cohorts. Clinical and biological characteristics and 5-year event-free survival (EFS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed and compared between these two groups. RESULTS: The E2A-PBX1 fusion transcript was detected in 20 of 349 (5.7%) patients. Compared with the gene-negative subgroup, patients with E2A-PBX1 were younger in age but did not show significant differences in white blood cell (WBC) count or gender distribution at primary diagnosis. Moreover, there were more inferior karyotypes detected in the E2A-PBX1 subgroup (P=0.035). With the CCLG-ALL2008 treatment protocol, patients with E2A-PBX1 showed a favorable treatment response with lower minimal residual disease (MRD) levels (<10-4) at time point 1 (TP1, P=0.039) but no superior steroid response or histological remission. We also observed a promising survival outcome, with a 5-year EFS reaching 95.0%±4.9% versus 66.3%±3.9% in the gene-negative group (P=0.039). However, we did not find significant differences in RFS (P=0.061) and OS (P=0.113). CONCLUSION: Our data provided clinical observation of Chinese pediatric patients. Patients with E2A-PBX1-positive ALL benefited well from the CCLG-ALL2008 protocol, a risk-based intensified treatment trial, with lower levels of MRD and longer RFS duration though they had no favorable characteristics at primary diagnosis.

11.
J Clin Apher ; 31(6): 571-578, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26946248

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the features and treatment of hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HTGP) during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study of 21 pregnant women diagnosed with acute pancreatitis (AP) was performed. Patients were divided into acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP), HTGP, and idiopathic groups according to etiology. RESULTS: 95% of the patients were in the third trimester of gestation. The percentage of patients with HTGP was higher than that of ABP (48% vs.14%). The percentage of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in the HTGP group was higher than that in the ABP group (40.0% vs.0%). The Ranson scores for moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP) and SAP in the HTGP group were significantly different (2.50 ± 0.58 vs.3.60 ± 0.89, P < 0.05, respectively). The mean serum triglyceride (TG) levels in the MSAP and SAP HTGP groups were not significantly different (18.81 ± 11.13 vs. 30.53 ± 24.20 mmol/L, P > 0.05, respectively). In the HTGP group, there were five patients given plasma exchange therapy and five not. Plasmapheresis decreased the incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) from 100% to 28.6% and the TG level from 20.36 ± 7.41 mmol/L to 5.23 ± 3.62 mmol/L (P < 0.05). The length of hospitalization of the plasmapheresis group was shorter than that of the nonplasmapheresis group (17.3 ± 6.7 days vs. 37.0 ± 20.8 days). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma exchange may be safe and effectively administered for HTGP patients during pregnancy with SIRS or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). J. Clin. Apheresis 31:571-578, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia/complicações , Pancreatite/terapia , Plasmaferese , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/prevenção & controle , Pancreatite/etiologia , Pancreatite/patologia , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/prevenção & controle , Triglicerídeos/sangue
12.
J Hazard Mater ; 306: 220-229, 2016 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26736173

RESUMO

The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan on March 11, 2011 produced huge amounts of Cs-polluted incineration ashes; conventional solidification methods seem unsuitable for the treatment of large amounts of Cs-polluted ashes. A novel hydrothermal method was developed to directly convert Cs-polluted incineration ash (rice husk ash) into pollucite to immobilize Cs in its crystal structure in situ. Results revealed that pollucite could be synthesized readily over a wide range of added Cs (Cs/Si=0.2-0.6); the addition of more Cs (Cs/Si≥0.5) caused the formation of a small amount of cesium aluminosilicate (CsAlSiO4), which exhibits poor immobilization behavior for Cs. Pollucite could be formed even for a short curing time (1h) or at a low curing temperature (150°C). However, a high curing temperature or a long curing time favored the formation of a pure pollucite. With the added calcium hydroxide, a tough specimen with a flexural strength of approximately 22MPa could be obtained, which suggested that this technology may be applied directly to the solidification of Cs-polluted incineration ashes. Hydrogarnet and tobermorite formations enhanced the strength of the solidified specimens, and meanwhile the formed pollucite was present in a matrix steadily. Leaching test demonstrated that the amount of Cs that leached from the synthesized specimens was very low (0.49×10(-5)-2.31×10(-5)) and even lower than that from the reference hollandite-rich synroc (2.0×10(-2)), although a higher content of Cs was found in the synthesized pollucite specimens (6.0-31.7%) than in the reference (3.7%). Therefore, the hydrothermal conversion of Cs-polluted incineration ash into pollucite can be applied to immobilize Cs directly.

13.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 38(2): e50-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26630535

RESUMO

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare disease in children, and its clinical severity varies. To better understand disease manifestation and treatment outcome, we analyzed 68 children diagnosed as AIHA for clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, and treatment outcomes. Data show that primary AIHA accounted for 39.7% of all patients, whereas secondary AIHA accounted for 60.3%. Among them, Evans syndrome (ES) accounted for 20 cases (29.4%). Average hemoglobin was lower in the 1-year or below age group than in the above 1-year age group, combined-antibody group than single-antibody group, and IgM-contained group than non-IgM-contained group (P<0.05 for all). The duration of therapy in the ES group was longer than that in the AIHA-only group (P<0.05). During the follow-up period, 29 cases (29/45, 64.4%) remained in continuous remission. In total, 35.6% of patients relapsed after first complete remission and 56.3% of them still showed good response to glucocorticoid after relapse. There was no difference in the duration of therapy or relapse rate between the intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-treatment group and the non-IVIG-treatment group. In conclusion, the severity of anemia correlates with age and serologic types of direct antiglobulin test. Glucocorticoid is efficacious for AIHA regardless of whether it is a first attack or relapse in this cohort of young patients. ES needs longer treatment duration. IVIG does not improve the outcome of AIHA.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/diagnóstico , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/terapia , Adolescente , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Cancer Lett ; 366(1): 44-51, 2015 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26118775

RESUMO

HL60 and U937 (acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines) were assessed for sensitivity to YM155, and found to have distinct sensitive and resistant phenotypes, respectively. In HL60 cells, YM155 inhibition of growth proliferation was due to apoptosis which was measured by annexin V/PI staining. YM155 induced apoptosis through activation of intrinsic and extrinsic pathways that also culminated in caspase-3 activity and PARP cleavage. YM155 sensitivity was partially associated with this compound's ability to down-regulate survivin transcription since this was more pronounced in the HL60 cell line. However, marked differences were also observed in XIAP, Bcl-2, and Mcl-1L, and Mcl-1s. Furthermore, YM155 treatment completely inhibited production of total Akt protein in HL60, but not U937 cells. Importantly, Akt activity (pAkt-Ser473) levels were maintained in YM155 treated U937 cells which may help stabilize other anti-apoptotic proteins. Combination treatments with an Akt inhibitor, MK-2206, reduced levels of pAkt-Ser473 in U937 cells and synergistically sensitized them to YM155 cytotoxicity. Collectively our results indicate that Akt signaling may be an important factor mediating YM155 response in AML, and combinatorial therapies with Akt inhibitors could improve treatment efficacy in YM155-resistant cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/fisiologia , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/análise , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Survivina , Células U937
16.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 51(7): 523-6, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24267134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer, while glucocorticoid (GC) is a critical component in multi-agent chemotherapy protocols currently used for the treatment of ALL. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the glucocorticoid induction test and the clinical features and the prognosis of Chinese childhood ALL. METHOD: The study recruited 309 hospitalized patients (187 male and 122 female) with childhood ALL, the sex, age, initial WBC count, immunophenotype, chromosome and gene expression were recorded. After diagnosis, all patients received GC induction test for 7 days. Then they were divided into prednisone good response (PGR) group and prednisone poor response (PPR) group according to the peripheral lymphoblast count on D8. Early responses to chemotherapy and treatment outcomes of the patients in the two groups were also analyzed. RESULT: Of the 309 patients, 263 belonged to PGR group and 46 belonged to PPR group. Initial WBC count was higher in PPR group than in PGR group (86.30×10(9)/L vs. 30.97×10(9)/L, P < 0.01) . B lineage ALL showed more sensitive to GC than T-ALL (86.6% vs. 60%, P < 0.05). Different initial-risk-group's sensitivity to GC differed from one another (high-risk:51.4%, medium-risk: 82.7%, standard risk: 93.7%, P < 0.0125). There was no significant difference between two groups in chromosomal karyotypes (P > 0.05). BCR-ABL positive ALL showed lower sensitivity to GC (P < 0.05) , while MLL, TEL-AML1, E2A-PBX1 positive rates in two groups were of no statistical significance (P > 0.05). Bone marrow was reviewed on D15 and D33, and the CR rates in PGR group were significantly higher than that in PPR group (D15: 60.5% vs. 32.6%, D33: 94.6% vs. 73.3%, P < 0.01) ; Minimal residual disease (MRD) levels were examined on D33, W12, and both were much lower in PGR group (D33: P < 0.01, W12: P < 0.05). Of the PGR group 215 patients (81.7%) remained continuously in complete remission (CCR) while only 28 cases (60.9%) in PPR group did so. The CCR rate was much higher in PGR group than that in PPR group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Closely related to clinical features and the outcomes of treatment, GC induction test is also an important prognostic factor in Chinese childhood ALL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(4): 1380-5, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23798118

RESUMO

Standard contact filter paper test of OECD and artificial soil test were used to study the acute lethal effect of three imidazolium chloride ionic liquids, 1-butyl- 3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Bmim] Cl), 1-hexyl- 3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Hmim] Cl), and 1-octyl- 3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Omim] Cl) on earthworm (Eisenia fetida), and the weight of the earthworms was measured after subtle exposure. The 24 h-LC50 values of [Bmim] Cl, [Hmim] Cl and [Omim] Cl using the contact filter paper method were 109.60, 50.38 and 7.94 microg x cm(-2), respectively. The 48 h-LC50 values were 98.52, 39.14 and 3.61 microg x cm(-2), respectively. Using the artificial soil method, the 7 d-LC50 values of [Bmim] Cl, [Hmim] Cl and [Omim] Cl were 447.78, 245.56 and 180.51 mg x kg(-1), respectively, and the 14 d-LC50 values were 288.42, 179.75, 150.35 mg x kg(-1), respectively. There were differences in poisoning symptoms of the three ionic liquids on earthworms. The growth of Eisenia fetida was inhibited and declined with increasing ionic liquid concentration. The toxicity of ionic liquids on Eisenia fetida increased with the length of carbon chain.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/toxicidade , Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Dose Letal Mediana , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
18.
Waste Manag ; 33(5): 1182-9, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23481344

RESUMO

Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash could be solidified with and without slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) addition by a hydrothermal method under steam pressure of 1.56 MPa at 200 °C for up to 72 h. Experimental results showed that CSH gel or tobermorite exerted a main influence on strength development, and without any additives CSH gel was easy to form, while slaked lime addition favored to form tobermorite. Tobermorite seemed to exert a larger effect on the strength development than CSH gel. Leaching results showed that the concentrations of heavy metals dissolved from the solidified specimens were effectively reduced after hydrothermal processing. The immobilization was mainly due to the tobermorite or CSH gel formation, and Pb2+ and Zn2+ seemed to be fixed more readily than Cr6+, which might be the reason that the structural Ca2+ within tobermorite or CSH gel was exchanged by Pb2+ and Zn2+ more easily than Cr6+. In addition, there existed a close relationship between leaching concentration and strength enhancement, and a higher strength seemed to exert a larger effect on immobilization of heavy metals.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Incineração , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Resíduos Sólidos , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Chumbo/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Silicatos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X , Zinco/análise
19.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2009: 4499-503, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19964372

RESUMO

Local calcium sparks in the dyadic cleft of cardiac myocytes are triggered by calcium influxes via L-type calcium channels (LCCs) located on the transverse tubule (TT) membrane, and subsequently controlled by the regeneration of ryanodine receptors (RyRs) on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Calcium released from SR channels is known to be responsible for the sparks. Therefore, the activities of RyRs provide straightforward indication to the calcium concentration alteration. A method to study calcium signaling by analyzing RyR-gating statistics is described in the present study. Here we propose a univariate model with a simplified geometry of the dyadic cleft, which specifies the spatial localization of LCCs and RyRs to monitor the activity changes of RyRs. This model is used to explore two crucial aspects of local calcium signaling: the first is to disclose the tight control of calcium influxes via LCCs, and the second is to reveal the interactional impact of the self-regenerative RyRs. Patterns of active RyRs are rendered through numerous computational simulation experiments, manipulating the state initialization and the spatial localization of LCCs and RyRs to observe gating transition of RyRs.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/fisiologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Análise de Variância , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Estatísticos , Método de Monte Carlo , Processos Estocásticos
20.
Pharmazie ; 64(3): 156-60, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19348336

RESUMO

Cefotaxime enantiomers have specific effects on Gram-negative bacteria. For quality control of cefotaxime it was necessary to establish a method for enantioseparation by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) using cyclodextrin (CD) as a chiral selector. The effects of various parameters on enantioseparation were studied. A fused silica capillary (40 cm effective length x 75 microm ID) was used. The cefotaxime enantiomers were separated on the baseline under conditions of 0.5 mmol/L CM-beta-CD, 75 mmol/L NaH2PO4 buffer at pH 7.0 using UV detection at 280 nm. Applied voltage and capillary temperature were 20 kV and 25 degrees C, respectively. Under these conditions for enantioseparation, linear calibration curves were obtained in the range 2 approximately 160 microg/mL. The limit of detection for both isomers was less than 0.5 microg/mL. The method was used for analysis of pharmaceutical preparations (dosage forms) of cefotaxime from various factories. A simple and specific CZE method was successfully demonstrated for the separation of cefotaxime enantiomers. The enantioseparation method should be established and this method should be used to control the quality of cefotaxime.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Cefotaxima/análise , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Tampões (Química) , Eletrocromatografia Capilar , Cefotaxima/isolamento & purificação , Ciclodextrinas/química , Excipientes , Injeções , Soluções Farmacêuticas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Estereoisomerismo
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