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1.
Cell Commun Signal ; 18(1): 174, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we comprehensively analyzed genes related to ferroptosis and iron metabolism to construct diagnostic and prognostic models and explore the relationship with the immune microenvironment in HCC. METHODS: Integrated analysis, cox regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method of 104 ferroptosis- and iron metabolism-related genes and HCC-related RNA sequencing were performed to identify HCC-related ferroptosis and iron metabolism genes. RESULTS: Four genes (ABCB6, FLVCR1, SLC48A1 and SLC7A11) were identified to construct prognostic and diagnostic models. Poorer overall survival (OS) was exhibited in the high-risk group than that in the low-risk group in both the training cohort (P < 0.001, HR = 0.27) and test cohort (P < 0.001, HR = 0.27). The diagnostic models successfully distinguished HCC from normal samples and proliferative nodule samples. Compared with low-risk groups, high-risk groups had higher TMB; higher fractions of macrophages, follicular helper T cells, memory B cells, and neutrophils; and exhibited higher expression of CD83, B7H3, OX40 and CD134L. As an inducer of ferroptosis, erastin inhibited HCC cell proliferation and progression, and it was showed to affect Th17 cell differentiation and IL-17 signaling pathway through bioinformatics analysis, indicating it a potential agent of cancer immunotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic and diagnostic models based on the four genes indicated superior diagnostic and predictive performance, indicating new possibilities for individualized treatment of HCC patients. Video Abstract.

2.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 4101-4113, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116399

RESUMO

Purpose: To overcome negative adverse effects and improve therapeutic index of dexamethasone (Dex) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we developed a novel sustained release formulation-intra-articular injectable dexamethasone-loaded thermosensitive hydrogel (DLTH) with chitosan-glycerin-borax as carrier for the remission of inflammation and pain. The focus of this article is to explore both anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects of DLTH joint injection in bovine type-II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Methods: Wistar rats were randomized into three groups, including the normal group (n=6), the model group (n=6) and the DLTH group (n=10). Joint injection of DLTH (1mg/kg Dex per rat) was injected on day 12 in the DLTH group twice a week for three weeks. Clinical signs of body weight, paw swelling and arthritis scores, histologic analysis, hind paw mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT), plantar pressure pain threshold (PPT) were taken into consideration. Serum contents of IL-17A, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), prostacyclin 2 (PGI2) and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of inflammatory factors and pain-related mediators in synovium and dorsal root ganglia (DRG), Western blotting of NF-κB in synovium were all evaluated. Results: Paw swelling, arthritis scores and joint inflammation destruction were all attenuated in the DLTH-treated group. Results showed that DLTH not only down-regulated serum IL-17A, but also mRNA levels of inflammatory factors and NGF, and key proteins contents of the NF-κB pathway in synovium. Increases of MWT and PPT in DLTH-treated rats elucidated pain-reducing effects of DLTH. Elevated serum PGD2 levels and declines of serum PGE2 and PGI2, and inflammatory and pain-related genes in DRGs in the DLTH group were also recorded. Conclusion: These data elucidated that DLTH joint injection impeded synovial inflammation processes through down-regulating transcription activity of NF-κB pathway, and intra-articular DLTH may aid in the regulation of RA pain through regulating inflammation and pain conduction process.

3.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071078

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although available studies have not demonstrated that antiarrhythmic drugs could increase long-term survival or survival with favorable neurological outcome, some studies have shown that the rate of hospital admission is higher with amiodarone or lidocaine than with placebo. To study the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs during cardiac arrest, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy of amiodarone and/or lidocaine. METHODS: We searched studies from inception until Jan 21, 2020. The primary endpoint was survival to hospital discharge in cardiac arrest, and the secondary endpoints were survival to hospital admission/24 h and favorable neurological outcome. RESULTS: A total of 9 studies were included. In head-to-head studies, amiodarone (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% credible interval [CrI] 1.02-8.53) and lidocaine (OR 3.12, 95% CrI 1.08-9.98) had superior effects on survival to hospital admission/24 h compared to the combination of the two drugs. In terms of survival to hospital discharge, amiodarone (OR 1.18, 95% CrI 1.03-1.35) and lidocaine (OR 1.22, 95% CrI 1.06-1.41) were more effective than placebo. Amiodarone (OR 1.20, 95% CrI 1.02-1.41) was significantly better than placebo in favorable neurological outcome. However, there was no significant difference in other pairwise comparisons. The surface under cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) revealed that lidocaine was the most effective therapy for survival to hospital admission (84.1%) and discharge (88.4%), while amiodarone was associated with a more favorable neurological outcome (88.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Lidocaine had the best effect on both survival to hospital admission and discharge, while amiodarone was associated with a more favorable neurological outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42020171049.

4.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-15, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856460

RESUMO

In recent years, microporous modified atmosphere packaging has been widely concerned because of its adjustable air permeability and low processing cost. With the development and increasing demand of fresh food industry, the limited permeability of film in modified atmosphere packaging can't meet the fresh-keeping requirements of fresh foods, especially vegetables and fruits. Microporous film can flexibly adjust the gas permeability according to the physiological metabolic characteristics of fresh foods, which has gradually become a fresh-keeping technology in the domain of vegetables and fruits. This paper reviewed the research progress of microporous modified atmosphere packaging and its extension on shelf life of fresh foods. The latest applied researches were described in a comprehensive manner, particularly fruits and vegetables. Besides, this article also covered theoretical support and analysis, including the perforation mode, air permeability mechanism and mathematical model of microporous film, the characteristics of fresh foods, pore parameters and traits of film materials. This paper payed attention to the application of environmentally friendly degradable film materials (biological film materials, nano materials) in fruits and vegetables preservation. Research has shown that the degradable material can enlarge the fresh-keeping effect of microporous modified atmosphere packaging, which is worthy of further research and development. Finally, the development trends and directions in the future were discussed.

5.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 155: 321-329, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798900

RESUMO

Tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is an ammonium preferring plant species. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying this preference. Herein, a chloroplastic glutamine synthetase gene (CsGS2), which is vital for nitrogen assimilation in mesophyll tissue, was isolated from tea cultivar C. sinensis cv. 'Longjing43'. The full length cDNA of CsGS2 was 1622 bp, having a 1299 bp open reading frame encoding a 432-amino acid protein. Homology search and sequence analysis demonstrated that CsGS2 protein carried the basic characteristics of a canonical GS2 domain and shared high identity with GS2s from other plant species. Subcellular localization and immunolocalization of CsGS2 revealed that it is localized in chloroplast. qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses showed that CsGS2 was expressed in a leaf-specific pattern, such that both CsGS2 and its protein were most abundant in mature leaves. Temporal expression patterns of CsGS2 showed minor differences in response to ammonium and nitrate nutrition. The transcript level of CsGS2 was significantly induced in mature leaves during the development of new shoots, whereas darkness inhibited this induction significantly. These results suggested that CsGS2 does not play a role in the differential utilization mechanisms of differing nitrogen forms in tea, and imply a light dependent transcription regulation in mature leaves during the development of new shoots.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791592

RESUMO

Objective:To observe the effect of hydrogen-rich saline on the concentration of nitric oxide in the nose, and to explore the mechanism of its treatment of allergic rhinitis. Method:Twenty patients with moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, self-controlled study. The nasal cavity was lavaged with hydrogen-rich normal saline and normal saline, and the nasal nitric oxide(nNO) value was tested weekly. Result:The test value of nNO was correlated with the diagnosis and curative effect of allergic rhinitis. The difference of nNO test values before and after treatment of the two lavage fluids was statistically significant(P<0.01). Conclusion:Hydrogen-rich saline lavage can cause nNO change in nasal cavity which may be used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.


Assuntos
Cavidade Nasal , Rinite Alérgica , Humanos , Hidrogênio , Óxido Nítrico , Solução Salina , Irrigação Terapêutica
7.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 465, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soybean (Glycine max) is an important oil provider and ecosystem participant. The protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) plays important roles in key biological processes. Molecular evolution and functional analysis of the PP2C family in soybean are yet to be reported. RESULTS: The present study identified 134 GmPP2Cs with 10 subfamilies in soybean. Duplication events were prominent in the GmPP2C family, and all duplicated gene pairs were involved in the segmental duplication events. The legume-common duplication event and soybean-specific tetraploid have primarily led to expanding GmPP2C members in soybean. Sub-functionalization was the main evolutionary fate of duplicated GmPP2C members. Meanwhile, massive genes were lost in the GmPP2C family, especially from the F subfamily. Compared with other genes, the evolutionary rates were slower in the GmPP2C family. The PP2C members from the H subfamily resembled their ancestral genes. In addition, some GmPP2Cs were identified as the putative key regulator that could control plant growth and development. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 134 GmPP2Cs were identified in soybean, and their expansion, molecular evolution and putative functions were comprehensively analyzed. Our findings provided the detailed information on the evolutionary history of the GmPP2C family, and the candidate genes can be used in soybean breeding.

8.
Metab Brain Dis ; 35(7): 1165-1173, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643092

RESUMO

Diabetes at advanced age increases rise of cognitive impairment, but its potential mechanisms are still far from being fully understood. In this study, we analyzed the metabolic alterations in six different brain regions between streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice with cognitive decline (DM) and age-matched controls (CON) using a 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach, to explore potential metabolic mechanisms underlying diabetes-induced cognitive decline. The results show that DM mice had a peculiar metabolic phenotype in all brain regions, mainly involving increased lactate level, decreased choline and energy metabolism as well as disrupted astrocyte-neuron metabolism. Furthermore, these metabolic changes exhibited a brain region-specific pattern. Collectively, our results suggest that brain region-specific metabolic disorders may be responsible for diabetes-induced cognitive dysfunction.

9.
BMC Microbiol ; 20(1): 190, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cow manure is not only an agricultural waste, but also an organic fertilizer resource. The application of organic fertilizer is a feasible practice to mitigate the soil degradation caused by overuse of chemical fertilizers, which can affect the bacterial diversity and community composition in soils. However, to our knowledge, the information about the soil bacterial diversity and composition in tea plantation applied with cow manure fertilization was limited. In this study, we performed one field trial to research the response of the soil bacterial community to cow manure fertilization compared with urea fertilization using the high-throughput sequencing technique of 16S rRNA genes, and analyzed the relationship between the soil bacterial community and soil characteristics during different tea-picking seasons using the Spearman's rank correlation analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that the soil bacterial communities were dominated by Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria across all tea-picking seasons. Therein, there were significant differences of bacterial communities in soils with cow manure fertilization (CMF) and urea fertilization (UF) in three seasons: the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in CMF was significantly higher than that in UF and CK in spring, and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes in CMF was significantly higher than that in UF and CK in autumn. So, the distribution of the dominant phyla was mainly affected by cow manure fertilization. The diversity of bacterial communities in soils with cow manure fertilization was higher than that in soils with urea fertilization, and was the highest in summer. Moreover, soil pH, OM and AK were important environmental properties affecting the soil bacterial community structure in tea plantation. CONCLUSIONS: Although different fertilizers and seasons affect the diversity and structure of soil microorganisms, the application of cow manure can not only improve the diversity of soil bacteria, but also effectively regulate the structure of soil bacterial community in tea plantation. So, cow manure fertilization is more suitable for tea plantation.

10.
J Surg Res ; 256: 295-302, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the mechanism of Shenmai injection (SMI) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) through heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling. METHODS: A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (220-260 g) were grouped into the following four categories (n = 10): SAP + SMI + Zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), SAP + SMI, SAP, and sham surgery groups. ZnPP is a specific inhibitor of HO-1. Four percent of sodium taurocholate (1 mL/kg) was retrogradely injected via the pancreatic duct to induce the SAP model. The SAP group rats received 1.6 mL/kg saline by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI group rats received 1.6 mL/kg SMI by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI + ZnPP group rats received an intravenous injection of 1.6 mL/kg SMI and intraperitoneal administration of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 30 min after the SAP induction. Twenty-four hours after the SAP induction, blood samples were collected for the measurement of amylase, lipase, creatinine, myeloperoxidase, interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and HO-1 level, while tissue specimens were harvested for the determination of HO-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 mRNA level. Meanwhile, histopathological changes in organs (pancreas, lung, and kidney) were stored. RESULTS: The serum concentration of amylase, lipase, creatinine, and myeloperoxidase was higher in the SAP group than in the SAP + SMI group. Treatment with SMI increased HO-1 and IL-10 level and reduced TNF-α level in serum and tissues compared to the SAP group (P < 0.05). Treatment with SMI abolished the organ-damaging effects of SAP (P < 0.05). Furthermore, suppression of HO-1 expression by ZnPP canceled the aforementioned effects. CONCLUSIONS: SMI confers protection against the SAP-induced systemic inflammatory response and multiple organs damage via HO-1 upregulation.

11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564354

RESUMO

The central kitchen concept is a new trend in the food industry, where centralized preparation and processing of fresh foods and the distribution of finished or semi-finished products to catering chains or related units take place. Fresh foods processed by a central kitchen mainly include fruit and vegetables, meat, aquatic products, and edible fungi; these foods have high water activities and thermal sensitivities and must be processed with care. Appropriate pretreatments are generally required for these food materials; typical pretreatment processes include cleaning, enzyme inactivation, and disinfection, as well as packaging and coating. To improve the working efficiency of a central kitchen, novel efficient pretreatment technologies are needed. This article systematically reviews various high-efficiency pretreatment technologies for fresh foods. These include ultrasonic cleaning technologies, physical-field enzyme inactivation technologies, non-thermal disinfection technologies, and modified-atmosphere packagings and coatings. Mechanisms, applications, influencing factors, and advantages and disadvantages of these technologies, which can be used in a central kitchen, are outlined and discussed. Possible solutions to problems related to central-kitchen food processing are addressed, including low cleaning efficiency and automation feasibility, high nutrition loss, high energy consumption, and short shelf life of products. These should lead us to the next step of fresh food processing for a highly demanding modern society. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 411, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fulvic acid (FA) is a kind of plant growth regulator, which can promote plant growth, play an important role in fighting against drought, improve plant stress resistance, increase production and improve quality. However, the function of FA in tea plants during drought stress remain largely unknown. RESULTS: Here, we examined the effects of 0.1 g/L FA on genes and metabolites in tea plants at different periods of drought stress using transcriptomics and metabolomics profiles. Totally, 30,702 genes and 892 metabolites were identified. Compared with controlled groups, 604 and 3331 differentially expressed metabolite genes (DEGs) were found in FA-treated tea plants at 4 days and 8 days under drought stress, respectively; 54 and 125 differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) were also found at two time points, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis showed that DEGs and DEMs participated in diverse biological processes such as ascorbate metabolism (GME, AO, ALDH and L-ascorbate), glutathione metabolism (GST, G6PDH, glutathione reduced form and CYS-GYL), and flavonoids biosynthesis (C4H, CHS, F3'5'H, F3H, kaempferol, quercetin and myricetin). Moreover, the results of co-expression analysis showed that the interactions of identified DEGs and DEMs diversely involved in ascorbate metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and flavonoids biosynthesis, indicating that FA may be involved in the regulation of these processes during drought stress. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that FA enhanced the drought tolerance of tea plants by (i) enhancement of the ascorbate metabolism, (ii) improvement of the glutathione metabolism, as well as (iii) promotion of the flavonoids biosynthesis that significantly improved the antioxidant defense of tea plants during drought stress. This study not only confirmed the main strategies of FA to protect tea plants from drought stress, but also deepened the understanding of the complex molecular mechanism of FA to deal with tea plants to better avoid drought damage.

13.
Food Funct ; 11(7): 6251-6264, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596704

RESUMO

Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) is a widely used animal model for studying rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which manifests serious joint dysfunction, progressive bone erosion and articular cartilage destruction. Considering that joint damage in RA is caused by systemic inflammation and dihydromyricetin (DMY), the main flavonoid of Ampelopsis Michx, possesses anti-inflammatory properties, in the present study we have investigated the potential capability of DMY to inhibit inflammation-mediated joint damage and explore the underlying mechanisms. A rat model of RA induced by CIA was administered with DMY for 5 weeks. Prior to histological analysis, the knee joints were scanned by microcomputed tomography (µCT) to detect bone damage. Articular cartilage destruction was assessed by Alcian blue and Toluidine blue staining and the pathological alteration of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in joints was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, respectively. The effects of DMY on osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast formation in vitro were investigated. Consistent with the in vivo results, DMY had no significant effect on osteoblast differentiation but an inhibitory effect on osteoclast formation. Furthermore, we determined that the mechanism of the DMY-suppressed osteoclast formation was blocking the phosphorylation of I-κB kinase (IKK) so as to hinder the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Collectively, DMY could ameliorate knee joint damage, especially in articular cartilage, which is the weight-bearing region, by inhibiting osteoclast formation through NF-κB signaling.

14.
J Gen Virol ; 101(9): 902-909, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519938

RESUMO

The predominance of H5N6 in ducks and continuous human cases have heightened its potential threat to public health in China. Therefore, the detection of emerging variants of H5N6 avian influenza viruses has become a priority for pandemic preparedness. Questions remain as to its origin and circulation within the wild bird reservoir and interactions at the wild-domestic interface. Samples were collected from migratory birds in Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province, PR China during the routine bird ring survey in 2014-16. Phylogenetic and coalescent analyses were conducted to uncover the evolutionary relationship among viruses circulating in wild birds. Here, we report the potential origin and phylogenetic diversity of H5N6 viruses isolated from wild birds in Poyang Lake. Sequence analyses indicated that Jiangxi H5N6 viruses most likely evolved from Eurasian-derived H5Nx and H6N6 viruses through multiple reassortment events. Crucially, the diversity of the HA gene implies that these Jiangxi H5N6 viruses have diverged into two primary clades - clade 2.3.4.4 and clade 2.3.2.1 c. Phylogenetic analysis revealed two independent pathways of reassortment during 2014-16 that might have facilitated the generation of emerging variants within wild bird populations as well as inter-species infections. Our findings contribute to our understanding of the genetic diversification of H5N6 viruses in the wild bird population. These results highlight the necessity of large-scale surveillance of wild birds in the Poyang Lake area to address the threat of regional epizootic epidemics and attendant pandemics.

15.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 40(3): 393-400, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antioxidant capacity of the extract from Jiangtang Xiaozhi recipe (JXR) of in vitro. METHODS: JXR extract was prepared according to previously reported method. In vitro antioxidant assays were used in this experiment, including 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH) radical scavenging ability, 2-2'-Azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sul phonate (ABTS) radical scavenging ability, reducing power assay, fluorescence recovery after photo bleaching assay, ß-carotene bleaching assay, ferric thiocyanate assay, and thiobarbituric acid method. RESULTS: DPPH, ABTS assay showed that JXR extract had distinct effect on scavenging free radicals; reducing power and ferricreducing-antioxidant power assay showed that JXR extract possessed redox ability; ß-Carotene bleaching assay and antioxidant activity in a linoleic acid system using ferric thiocyanate method, thiobarbituric acid assay indicated that JXR extract could effectively inhibit lipid peroxidation, and the effect was better than that of Vitamin C. CONCLUSION: JXR extract has significant antioxidant capacity in vitro.

16.
J Infect Dis ; 222(2): 189-193, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-209820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel ß-coronavirus, causes severe pneumonia and has spread throughout the globe rapidly. The disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection is named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the only test able to confirm this infection. However, the accuracy of RT-PCR depends on several factors; variations in these factors might significantly lower the sensitivity of detection. METHODS: In this study, we developed a peptide-based luminescent immunoassay that detected immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM. The assay cutoff value was determined by evaluating the sera from healthy and infected patients for pathogens other than SARS-CoV-2. RESULTS: To evaluate assay performance, we detected IgG and IgM in the sera from confirmed patients. The positive rate of IgG and IgM was 71.4% and 57.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, combining our immunoassay with real-time RT-PCR might enhance the diagnostic accuracy of COVID-19.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445660

RESUMO

Researchers have made considerable progress in elucidating psychological and exercise correlates of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, as the largest immune organ, far less is known about the role of gastrointestinal (GI) tract in the therapeutic mechanisms of exercise in MDD. In addition to the sites of the digestive tract that absorb nutrients, the GI tract also serves as a protective barrier against organisms. Inflammation and other consequences caused by disrupted GI barrier integrity are considered to be one of the mechanisms of depression, and the gut-brain axis (GBA) plays a critical role in this process. In this work, we observed the depression-like behaviors, intestinal barrier, central and peripheral inflammation, and related neurotransmitters through exercise intervention in the chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model, aiming to clarify the mechanisms of exercise to improve depression through GBA. Our results revealed that, following increased expressions of pro-inflammatory factors in intestine of CUMS mice, the levels of pro-inflammatory factors were all significantly raised in serum and brain simultaneously. Further, glial cells were activated in visceral nervous system and its related brain regions at the same time, accompanied by lower expression of occludin in CUMS mice. Importantly, our findings provide the first evidence that eight weeks of running exercise effectively inhibited neuro-immune interactions along gut-brain-axis and contributed obvious improvement of intestinal epithelial barrier (IEB). Finally, multivariate analysis putatively highlighted the role of exercise-induced IEB protection on depression treatment. We hope that our findings could warrant further study of therapeutic mechanisms of exercise in depression, specifically in disentangling the roles of intestinal function and IEB protection, and for developing more targeted clinical depression interventions.

18.
J Infect Dis ; 222(2): 189-193, 2020 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a novel ß-coronavirus, causes severe pneumonia and has spread throughout the globe rapidly. The disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection is named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the only test able to confirm this infection. However, the accuracy of RT-PCR depends on several factors; variations in these factors might significantly lower the sensitivity of detection. METHODS: In this study, we developed a peptide-based luminescent immunoassay that detected immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM. The assay cutoff value was determined by evaluating the sera from healthy and infected patients for pathogens other than SARS-CoV-2. RESULTS: To evaluate assay performance, we detected IgG and IgM in the sera from confirmed patients. The positive rate of IgG and IgM was 71.4% and 57.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, combining our immunoassay with real-time RT-PCR might enhance the diagnostic accuracy of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Testes Sorológicos/métodos , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Medições Luminescentes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Peptídeos/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(9): 7848-7873, 2020 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379058

RESUMO

Since angiogenesis has an indispensable effect in the development and progression of tumors, in this study we aimed to identify angiogenic genes closely associated with prognosis of HCC to establish diagnostic, prognostic, and recurrence models. We analyzed 132 angiogenic genes and HCC-related RNA sequence data from the TCGA and ICGC databases by Cox and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression, and identified four angiogenic genes (ENFA3, EGF, MMP3 and AURKB) to establish prognosis, recurrence and diagnostic models and corresponding nomograms. The prognostic and recurrence models were determined to be independent predictors of prognosis and recurrence (P < 0.05). And compared with the low-risk group, patients in the high-risk group had worse overall survival (OS) rates in training cohort (P < 0.001) and validation cohort (P < 0.001), and higher recurrence rates in training cohort (P<0.001) and validation cohort (P=0.01). The diagnostic models have been validated to correctly distinguish HCC from normal samples and proliferative nodule samples. Through pharmacological analysis we identified piperlongumine as a drug for targeting angiogenesis, and it was validated to inhibit HCC cell proliferation and angiogenesis via the EGF/EGFR axis.

20.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-6, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336142

RESUMO

Background: Preoperative assessment of patients is meaningful to predict survival in patients with malignant tumors. The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is one of the most significant factors related to the prognosis in various types of cancer; however, its role in esophageal cancer is still inconclusive. The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic value of PNI in predicting overall survival (OS) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods: This retrospective study included 4146 ESCC patients, 3812 who underwent esophagectomy for ESCC. Other 334 had no surgery. The Preoperative PNI was measured before any therapies and calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm3). We classified the patients into three categories according to the PNI, >50, 45-50, and <45.Results: Our study showed that PNI was associated with age (P<0.0001), gender(P<0.001),tumor length (P<0.0001), T grade (P = 0.001), N staging (P = 0.017),and M staging (P<0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that PNI was a significant predictor of overall survival Lower PNI vs. Higher PNI group had significantly increased the hazard ratio of ESCC survival (OR = 1.2, 95% CI= 1.05-1.5, p = 0.01). The Kaplan-Meier curve suggested that high PNI group will significantly increase the OS in both surgical and non-surgical group.Conclusion: PNI is a useful predictive factor for long-term survival in ESCC. The survival rate of ESCC can be discriminated between three groups, PNI, >50, 45-50, and <45. The prognostic value of PNI can be applied for both surgical and non-surgical ESCC patients.

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