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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113571, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181282

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sparganii Rhizoma (SR), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is the rhizome of Sparganium stoloniferum Buch.-Ham. mainly distributed in East Asia. It has been used for eliminating blood stasis, promoting the flow of Qi, removing the retention of undigested food and relieving pain in China for hundreds of years. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes comprehensive information in traditional clinical application, processing, phytochemistry, pharmacology, quality control and toxicity of SR, in exploring future scientific and therapeutic potentials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pertinent information was systematically collected from several electronic scientific databases (e.g., Web of Science, PubMed, China Knowledge Resource Integrated, Springer, Elsevier, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar), PhD and MS dissertations, and classic Chinese medical books. RESULTS: SR is a gynecological drug which is often used to treat dysmenorrhea, mass in the abdomen, amenorrhea due to blood stasis, and abdominal distension in TCM. Two kinds of processed products of SR are included in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, which have better pharmacological effects than the crude herb. Approximately 180 compounds have been identified from SR, including phenylpropanoids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, organic acids, alkaloids, steroids, volatile oils, diarylheptanes, etc. The crude extracts and isolated components of SR have been reported to have anti-tumor, antithrombotic, estrogen antagonistic , anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, anti organ fibrosis and other pharmacological activities. SR also has reproductive toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: As an important TCM, SR has been demonstrated by modern pharmacological researches to have significant bioactivities, especially on anti-tumor, antithrombotic, and estrogen antagonistic activities. These activities provide prospects for the development of new drugs and therapeutics for future applications. Nevertheless, quality control and evaluation, in-depth pharmacological mechanism, and toxicological effect of SR require further detailed research.

2.
Dev Dyn ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary cilia influence cell function and tissue development. Ciliary signaling is mediated by two intraflagellar transport (IFT) protein complexes, IFT-A and IFT-B. The IFT-A complex is responsible for retrograde transport, and IFT140 is a core protein in the A complex. Mutations in IFT140 cause a variety of skeletal disorders. However, the expression and role of IFT140 during bone development remain unclear. In this study, to further explore the potential role of IFT140 in osteogenesis, we used cell lineage tracing and conditional knockout to analyze the distribution and function of IFT140-positive cells during bone formation. RESULTS: In newborn Ift140-creER; R26RtdTomato mice, IFT140-positive cells were mainly located in the medullary cavity and then migrated to and differentiated on the surface of trabecular and cortical bone. In contrast, the number of IFT140-positive cells significantly decreased in the adult stage, and these cells were only located in the bone marrow cavity for a short time. In Osx-cre; Ift140flox/flox mice, the loss of IFT140 in preosteoblasts caused bone loss in the trabecular bone area at 10 weeks. CONCLUSION: The results revealed that IFT140-positive cells mainly contribute to the early stage of bone formation.

3.
Pharmacol Res ; 159: 104991, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504836

RESUMO

LSD1 (histone lysine specific demethylase 1) takes part in the physiological process of cell differentiation, EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) and immune response. In this study, we found LSD1 expression in metastatic gastric cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues. Furthermore, LSD1 deletion was found to suppress gastric cancer migration by decreasing intracellular miR-142-5p, which further led to the upregulation of migration suppressor CD9, a newly identified target of miR-142-5p. While LSD1 was reported as a demethylase of H3K4me1/2, H3K9me1/2 and several non-histone proteins, this is a new evidence for LSD1 as a functional regulator of miRNA. On the other hand, our data suggested that promoting the secretion of miR-142-5p using small extracellular vesicles as vehicles is a new mechanism for LSD1 abrogation to down-regulate intracellular miR-142-5p. Taken together, this study uncovered a new mechanism for LSD1 that can contribute to gastric cancer migration by facilitating miR-142-5p to target CD9.

4.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(8): 104876, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obstructive sleep apnea (OAS) is a common contributor as well as a frequent co-morbid condition in ischemic stroke. This study aimed to detect the correlation between OSA severity and post-stroke depression (PSD) in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: From Mar 2017 to Dec 2018, 265 patients with symptom onset less than 14 days were consecutively recruited. All patients underwent polysomnography examination for diagnosis of OSA during hospitalization. PSD was identified using the Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV at admission and 3-month. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between OSA severity and PSD. RESULTS: Among the 265 patients, the distribution of patients in terms of the OSA severity was as follows: 48 (18.1%) had no OSA, 85 (32.1%) had mild OSA, 54 (20.4%) had moderate OSA, and 78 (29.4%) had severe OSA. Patients diagnosed as PSD at admission and 3-month were 63 (23.8%) and 86 (32.5%), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that reduced OSA severity was correlated with PSD at 3-month (P = 0.003), but not at admission (P = 0.373). In multivariable analysis, after adjustment for covariates, severe OSA (compared with the patients without OSA; odds ratio, 4.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.38-9.62; P = 0.036) was significantly associated with increasing risk of 3-month PSD. Furthermore, multiple-adjusted spline regression model further confirmed a dose-response relationship between apnea-hypopnea index and 3-month PSD (P for linearity < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that OSA severity was positively associated with 3-month PSD in ischemic stroke patients.


Assuntos
Afeto , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Depressão/etiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , China , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 26(12): 921-928, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effective components of Chinese medicine (CM) contained in Chaihu Shugan Powder (, CSP) in the treatment of depressive disorders and to predict its anti-depressant mechanism by network pharmacology. METHODS: Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity calculation method was used to screen the active components of CSP. Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacological Database Analysis Platform and text mining tool (GoPuMed database) were used to predict and screen the active ingredients of CSP and anti-depressive targets. Through Genetic Association Database, Therapeutic Target Database, and PharmGkb database targets for depression were obtained. Cytoscape3.2.1 software was used to establish a network map of the active ingredients-targets of CSP, and to analyze gene function and metabolic pathways through Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery and the Omicshare database. RESULTS: The 121 active ingredients and 15 depression-related targets which were screened from the database can exert antidepressant effects by improving the neural plasticity, growth, transfer condition and gene expression of neuronal cell, and the raise of the expression of gap junction protein. The 15 targets passed 14 metabolic pathways, mainly involved in the regulation of neurotransmitters (5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine and epinephrine), inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, calcium signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling pathway and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction and other signal channels to exert anti-depressant effects. CONCLUSION: This article reveals the possible mechanism of CSP in the treatment of depression through network pharmacology research, and lays a foundation for further target studies.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677481

RESUMO

Amino acids play key roles in cellular protein biosynthesis and energy metabolism pathways. In this study, a simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed for the simultaneous determination of 24 free amino acids in cell samples using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS). Cell samples were deproteinized with methanol/H2O (80:20, v/v) without intricate derivatization process. The analytes were separated on a Waters BEH Amide column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 µm), and accomplished within 5 min at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. The good linearity was obtained for all analytes (r2 > 0.99) with the limits of quantification from 0.1 to 25 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precision ranged from 0.35 to 10.36% and from 2.22 to 9.93%, respectively. The recoveries of most analytes were between 80% and 120% with RSD less than 10.0%. The developed method was then applied to the direct analysis of 24 underivatized amino acids in human gastric cancer cell line MGC803 treated with the antitumor candidate drug J3, and significant differences in the concentration levels of amino acids were also assessed.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Modelos Lineares , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(17): 6839-6850, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479421

RESUMO

Data regarding the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and clinical outcomes in ischemic stroke patients with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) are limited. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of subclinical thyroid dysfunction in END, functional outcome and mortality at 3 months among IVT patients. We prospectively recruited 563 IVT patients from 5 stroke centers in China. Thyroid function status was classified as subclinical hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) and euthyroidism. The primary outcome was END, defined as ≥ 4 point in the NIHSS score within 24 h after IVT. Secondary outcomes included 3-month functional outcome and mortality. Of the 563 participants, END occurred in 14.7%, poor outcome in 50.8%, and mortality in 9.4%. SHyper was an independent predictor of END [odd ratio (OR), 4.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.86-9.68, P = 0.003], 3-month poor outcome (OR, 3.24; 95% CI, 1.43-7.33, P = 0.005) and mortality [hazard ratio, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.55-5.36, P = 0.003]. Subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between SHyper and clinical outcomes in IVT patients with endovascular therapy. In summary, SHyper is associated with increased risk of END, and poor outcome and mortality at 3 months in IVT patients without endovascular therapy.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Front Med ; 13(5): 575-589, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065929

RESUMO

Fractures are frequently occurring diseases that endanger human health. Crucial to fracture healing is cartilage formation, which provides a bone-regeneration environment. Cartilage consists of both chondrocytes and extracellular matrix (ECM). The ECM of cartilage includes collagens and various types of proteoglycans (PGs), which play important roles in maintaining primary stability in fracture healing. The PG form of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1-PG) is involved in maintaining the health of articular cartilage and bone. Our previous data have shown that DMP1-PG is richly expressed in the cartilaginous calluses of fracture sites. However, the possible significant role of DMP1-PG in chondrogenesis and fracture healing is unknown. To further detect the potential role of DMP1-PG in fracture repair, we established a mouse fracture model by using a glycosylation site mutant DMP1 mouse (S89G-DMP1 mouse). Upon inspection, fewer cartilaginous calluses and down-regulated expression levels of chondrogenesis genes were observed in the fracture sites of S89G-DMP1 mice. Given the deficiency of DMP1-PG, the impaired IL-6/JAK/STAT signaling pathway was observed to affect the chondrogenesis of fracture healing. Overall, these results suggest that DMP1-PG is an indispensable proteoglycan in chondrogenesis during fracture healing.


Assuntos
Condrogênese , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Consolidação da Fratura , Glicosilação , Animais , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Masculino , Camundongos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30096607

RESUMO

MDH-7 (2,3,9-tri-O-acetyl-5,6-dideoxy-1,10-di-[N4'-pentoxycarbonyl-5'-fluoro cytosine]-4-ulose 1,4: 7,10-difuranose-4,8-pyranose) is a novel anti-tumor drug candidate. To study the pharmacokinetic interaction between MDH-7 and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a sensitive and rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to simultaneously determine the concentrations of MDH-7 and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in rat plasma. Plasma samples were prepared by simple liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Waters XBridge™ C18 column (5 µm, 2.1 mm × 150 mm) with the mobile phase of methanol and H2O (80:20, v/v). The ESI positive and negative ion switch was operated in the multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode. The calibration curves showed good linearity (r2 > 0.99) over the ranges of 50-8000 ng/mL for MDH-7 and 10-2000 ng/mL for 5-FU, respectively. The lower limit of quantitations (LLOQs) was 50 ng/mL (MDH-7) and 10 ng/mL (5-FU) with relative standard deviation (RSD) < 13.0%. The proposed method was successfully applied to simultaneous assessment of pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction between MDH-7 and 5-FU in rats.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/sangue , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Citosina/análogos & derivados , Fluoruracila/sangue , Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/química , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Citosina/sangue , Citosina/química , Citosina/farmacocinética , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Feminino , Fluoruracila/química , Fluoruracila/farmacocinética , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina/química , Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Food Chem ; 257: 259-264, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29622208

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to develop a simple and rapid analytical method for the simultaneous determination of a wide range of drug residues in milk by UHPLC-MS/MS. A total of 25 typical veterinary drugs investigated belong to six families including ß-lactams, quinolones, ß-agonists, phenicols, glucocorticoids and nitrofurans. The samples were extracted by acetonitrile and defatted with n-hexane twice. Electrospray ionization and positive/negative polarity switching were utilized for the analysis of 25 veterinary drugs in a single chromatographic run. The linearity, recovery, precision and matrix effects of the method were fully validated. The intra- and inter-precision were in the range of 1.7-11.1% and 2.5-10.4%, respectively. The average recoveries ranged from 65.9% to 123.5% with RSD less than 10.8% at three concentration levels. The proposed method was demonstrated to be simple, economical and reliable for the fast monitoring of these drug residues in milk samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Leite/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Drogas Veterinárias/análise , Acetonitrilos/química , Animais , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Extração Líquido-Líquido/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Drogas Veterinárias/isolamento & purificação
11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 10(8)2018 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30960821

RESUMO

In this work, an easy way to prepare the polylactic acid (PLA)/wheat straw fiber (WSF) composite was proposed. The method involved uses either the dopamine-treated WSF or the two-step montmorillonite (MMT)-modified WSF as the filler material. In order to achieve the dispersibility and exfoliation of MMT, it was modified by 12-aminododecanoic acid using a two-step route. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed to characterize the modified MMT and the coated WSF. As for the properties of PLA/WSF composites, some thermal (using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermogravimetric analysis) and mechanical properties (flexural, tensile, and impact) were analyzed. The results showed that the dopamine was successfully coated onto the WSF. Furthermore, Na-MMT was successfully transformed to organo-montmorillonite (OMMT) and formed an exfoliated structure. In addition, a better dispersion of MMT was obtained using the two-step treatment. The interlayer spacing of modified MMT was 4.06 nm, which was 123% higher than that of the unmodified MMT. Additionally, FT-IR analysis suggested that OMMT diffused into the PLA matrix. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that a higher thermal stability of PLA/WSF composites was obtained for the modified MMT and dopamine. The results also showed that both the dopamine treated WSF and the two-step-treated MMT exhibited a positive influence on the mechanical properties of PLA/WSF composites, especially on the tensile strength, which increased by 367% compared to the unmodified precursors. This route offers researchers a potential scheme to improve the thermal and mechanical properties of PLA/WSF composites in a low-cost way.

12.
ACS Omega ; 3(7): 8243-8252, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458961

RESUMO

A green chemical method for mild oxidation of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines (THIQs) and 3,4-dihydroisoquinolines (DHIQs) has been developed using air (O2) as a clean oxidant. DHIQs and THIQs could be efficiently oxidized to isoquinolines in dimethyl sulfoxide at 25 °C under an open air atmosphere with CuBr2 (20 mol %) as the catalyst; different bases [NaOEt and/or 1,8-diazabicyclo[5,4,0]undec-7-ene] were used for the reaction according to the patterns of substituents (R1, R2).

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