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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 659-667, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383060

RESUMO

As a new kind of two-dimensional nanomaterial, black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets have attracted significant interests in diverse bioapplications due to their unique structure and physicochemical properties. Despite BP nanosheets' advantages in cancer diagnosis and therapy applications, their biosafety issues are still unclear. Herein, we report a systematic study on the In Vitro and In Vivo toxicity of BP nanosheets. In Vitro experiments showed that BP nanosheets decrease the viability of human bronchial epithelial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The mechanism study showed that BP nanosheets interfere with mitochondrial membrane potential, leading to an increase in intracellular ROS. These responses further initiated the activation of the caspase-3 and ultimately dictated cells to undergo apoptosis. Then, the In Vivo experiments of BP nanosheets revealed that single injection of BP nanosheets does not cause toxicity to mice in a short period of time, whereas multiple injections of BP nanosheets exert adverse effects on liver and renal function of mice. Interestingly, the liver and renal function of the mice returned to normal after a recovery period. Our findings provide insights into the rational design of BP nanosheets and guide their applications in biomedical fields.

2.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-11, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382820

RESUMO

Quinoa crude polysaccharides (QPS) were extracted from Chenopodium quinoa Willd. The soluble non-starch polysaccharide fraction (QPS1) was subsequently purified by DEAE-52 cellulose and Sephadex G-50 gel chromatography, using QPS as raw materials. Its chemical structure was identified using FT-IR, NMR, AFM, SEM and Congo red staining. High performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC) was used to determine molecular weight, and composition by HPLC. QPS1, with a molecular weight of 34.0 kDa, was mainly composed of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, xylose and arabinose at a molar ratio of 2.63:2.40:1.64:6.28:1.95:2.48:5.01. In addition, we evaluated the ameliorative effects of QPS1 on the improvement of anti-cyclophosphamide (CTX)-induced immunosuppression in ICR mice. The result exhibited significantly immune-enhancing activity: QPS1 successfully improved the content of IFN-γ, IL-6, IFN-ɑ, IgM and lysozyme (LYSO) in serum for three weeks, enhanced the phagocytic function of mononuclear macrophages and ameliorated delayed allergy in mice.

3.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-12, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282254

RESUMO

This study investigated the contents of saponins and phenolic compounds in relation to their antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibition activity of 7 colored quinoa varieties. The total saponin content was significantly different among 7 varieties and ranged from 7.51 to 12.12 mg OAE/g DW. Darker quinoa had a higher content of phenolic compounds, as well as higher flavonoids and antioxidant activity than that of light varieties. Nine individual phenolic compounds were detected in free and bound form, with gallic acid and ferulic acid representing the major compounds. The free and bound phenolic compounds (gallic acid and ferulic acid in particular) exhibited high linear correlation with their corresponding antioxidant values. In addition, the free phenolic extracts from colored quinoa exhibited higher inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase than the bound phenolic extracts. These findings imply that colored quinoa with abundant bioactive phytochemicals could be an important natural source for preparing functional food.

4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 54, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nanomaterials that exhibit intrinsic enzyme-like characteristics have shown great promise as potential antibacterial agents. However, many of them exhibit inefficient antibacterial activity and biosafety problems that limit their usefulness. The development of new nanomaterials with good biocompatibility and rapid bactericidal effects is therefore highly desirable. Here, we show a new type of terbium oxide nanoparticles (Tb4O7 NPs) with intrinsic oxidase-like activity for in vitro and in vivo antibacterial application. RESULTS: We find that Tb4O7 NPs can quickly oxidize a series of organic substrates in the absence of hydrogen peroxide. The oxidase-like capacity of Tb4O7 NPs allows these NPs to consume antioxidant biomolecules and generate reactive oxygen species to disable bacteria in vitro. Moreover, the in vivo experiments showed that Tb4O7 NPs are efficacious in wound-healing and are protective of normal tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that Tb4O7 NPs have intrinsic oxidase-like activity and show effective antibacterial ability both in vitro and in vivo. These findings demonstrate that Tb4O7 NPs are effective antibacterial agents and may have a potential application in wound healing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Escherichia coli , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxidos/química , Oxirredutases/química , Staphylococcus aureus , Térbio/química , Cicatrização , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sobrevivência Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemólise , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Óxidos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Térbio/farmacologia
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(5): 4858-4866, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30628779

RESUMO

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets have received considerable interest due to their superior physicochemical performances to graphene nanosheets. As the lateral size and layer thickness decrease, the formed MoS2 quantum dots (QDs) show more promise as photocatalysts, endowing them with potential antimicrobial properties under environmental conditions. However, studies on the antibacterial photodynamic therapy of MoS2 QDs have rarely been reported. Here, we show that MoS2 QDs more effectively promote the creation and separation of electron-hole pair than MoS2 nanosheets, resulting in the formation of multiple reactive oxygen species (ROS) under simulated solar light irradiation. As a result, photoexcited MoS2 QDs show remarkably enhanced antibacterial activity, and the ROS-mediated oxidative stress plays a dominant role in the antibacterial mechanism. The in vivo experiments showed that MoS2 QDs are efficacious in wound healing under simulated solar light irradiation and exert protective effects on normal tissues, suggesting good biocompatibility properties. Our findings provide a full description of the photochemical behavior of MoS2 QDs and the resulting antibacterial activity, which might advance the development of MoS2-based nanomaterials as photodynamic antibacterial agents under environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Dissulfetos , Molibdênio , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/efeitos da radiação , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dissulfetos/química , Dissulfetos/farmacologia , Dissulfetos/toxicidade , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Molibdênio/química , Molibdênio/farmacologia , Molibdênio/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Processos Fotoquímicos , Pontos Quânticos/química , Pontos Quânticos/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Infecção dos Ferimentos
6.
Biotechnol Appl Biochem ; 66(2): 192-201, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578642

RESUMO

Limonin, a compound of highly oxidized triterpenoids, has potential functions in preventing or slowing the occurrences of many diseases. In this study, five different bacterial strains were isolated and identified from Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. cv. Shatian Yu. Morphological characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified them as Bacillus spp, in which two limonin-producing endophytes named P and P9 were discovered by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry using an inorganic salt medium and two natural media; also the production was greater in natural medium 1 (4.377 and 0.299 mg/L, respectively) than in natural medium 2 (0.159 and 0.025 mg/L, respectively). The growth and fermentation characteristics of strain P were studied, and during the liquid cultivation of Bacillus sp. P, limonin began to accumulate at the eighth hour in the inorganic salt medium, peaked at the 16th hour, and then decreased sharply. Single-factor experiments revealed that the optimum fermentation conditions for limonin production included 14-H-old cells, 15% inoculum, and 3 g/L glucose.


Assuntos
Bacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Citrus/microbiologia , Limoninas/biossíntese
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(10): 8443-8450, 2018 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29481051

RESUMO

While the antibacterial properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been demonstrated across a spectrum of bacterial pathogens, the effects of AgNPs on the beneficial bacteria are less clear. To address this issue, we compared the antibacterial activity of AgNPs against two beneficial lactobacilli ( Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei) and two common opportunistic pathogens ( Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus). Our results demonstrate that those lactobacilli are highly susceptible to AgNPs, while the opportunistic pathogens are not. Acidic environment caused by the lactobacilli is associated with the bactericidal effects of AgNPs. Our mechanistic study suggests that the acidic growth environment of lactobacilli promotes AgNP dissolution and hydroxyl radical (•OH) overproduction. Furthermore, increases in silver ions (Ag+) and •OH deplete the glutathione pool inside the cell, which is associated with the increase in cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). High levels of ROS may further induce DNA damage and lead to cell death. When E. coli and S. aureus are placed in a similar acidic environment, they also become more susceptible to AgNPs. This study provides a mechanistic description of a pH-Ag+-•OH bactericidal pathway and will contribute to the responsible development of products containing AgNPs.

8.
FEBS J ; 284(23): 4051-4065, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28986969

RESUMO

Non-canonical four-stranded G-quadruplex (G4) DNA structures can form in G-rich sequences that are widely distributed throughout the genome. The presence of G4 structures can impair DNA replication by hindering the progress of replicative polymerases (Pols), and failure to resolve these structures can lead to genetic instability. In the present study, we combined different approaches to address the question of whether and how Escherichia coli Pol I resolves G4 obstacles during DNA replication and/or repair. We found that E. coli Pol I-catalyzed DNA synthesis could be arrested by G4 structures at low protein concentrations and the degree of inhibition was strongly dependent on the stability of the G4 structures. Interestingly, at high protein concentrations, E. coli Pol I was able to overcome some kinds of G4 obstacles without the involvement of other molecules and could achieve complete replication of G4 DNA. Mechanistic studies suggested that multiple Pol I proteins might be implicated in G4 unfolding, and the disruption of G4 structures requires energy derived from dNTP hydrolysis. The present work not only reveals an unrealized function of E. coli Pol I, but also presents a possible mechanism by which G4 structures can be resolved during DNA replication and/or repair in E. coli.


Assuntos
DNA Polimerase I/metabolismo , Replicação do DNA , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Quadruplex G , Sequência de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Modelos Genéticos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
9.
J Biol Chem ; 292(14): 5909-5920, 2017 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228481

RESUMO

Helicases play a critical role in processes such as replication or recombination by unwinding double-stranded DNA; mutations of these genes can therefore have devastating biological consequences. In humans, mutations in genes of three members of the RecQ family helicases (blm, wrn, and recq4) give rise to three strikingly distinctive clinical phenotypes: Bloom syndrome, Werner syndrome, and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, respectively. However, the molecular basis for these varying phenotypic outcomes is unclear, in part because a full mechanistic description of helicase activity is lacking. Because the helicase core domains are highly conserved, it has been postulated that functional differences among family members might be explained by significant differences in the N-terminal domains, but these domains are poorly characterized. To help fill this gap, we now describe bioinformatics, biochemical, and structural data for three vertebrate BLM proteins. We pair high resolution crystal structures with SAXS analysis to describe an internal, highly conserved sequence we term the dimerization helical bundle in N-terminal domain (DHBN). We show that, despite the N-terminal domain being loosely structured and potentially lacking a defined three-dimensional structure in general, the DHBN exists as a dimeric structure required for higher order oligomer assembly. Interestingly, the unwinding amplitude and rate decrease as BLM is assembled from dimer into hexamer, and also, the stable DHBN dimer can be dissociated upon ATP hydrolysis. Thus, the structural and biochemical characterizations of N-terminal domains will provide new insights into how the N-terminal domain affects the structural and functional organization of the full BLM molecule.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Proteínas Aviárias/química , Galinhas , Multimerização Proteica , RecQ Helicases/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/genética , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Domínios Proteicos , Estrutura Quaternária de Proteína , RecQ Helicases/genética , RecQ Helicases/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 18(1)2016 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28025485

RESUMO

Ectopic expression of the MYB transcription factor of AmROSEA1 from Antirrhinum majus has been reported to change anthocyanin and other metabolites in several species. In this study, we found that overexpression of AmRosea1 significantly improved the tolerance of transgenic rice to drought and salinity stresses. Transcriptome analysis revealed that a considerable number of stress-related genes were affected by exogenous AmRosea1 during both drought and salinity stress treatments. These affected genes are involved in stress signal transduction, the hormone signal pathway, ion homeostasis and the enzymes that remove peroxides. This work suggests that the AmRosea1 gene is a potential candidate for genetic engineering of crops.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tolerância ao Sal , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Secas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
11.
PLoS One ; 9(3): e92335, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24637721

RESUMO

Protein isolates of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L) seeds were hydrolyzed by acid protease to prepare antioxidative peptides. The hydrolysis conditions were optimized through Box-Behnken experimental design combined with response surface method (RSM). The second-order model, developed for the DPPH radical scavenging activity of pumpkin seed hydrolysates, showed good fit with the experiment data with a high value of coefficient of determination (0.9918). The optimal hydrolysis conditions were determined as follows: hydrolyzing temperature 50°C, pH 2.5, enzyme amount 6000 U/g, substrate concentration 0.05 g/ml and hydrolyzing time 5 h. Under the above conditions, the scavenging activity of DPPH radical was as high as 92.82%.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biotecnologia/métodos , Cucurbita/metabolismo , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Sementes/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cucurbita/enzimologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hidrólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Biológicos , Picratos/metabolismo , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sementes/enzimologia , Especificidade por Substrato/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 28(7): 865-76, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23167198

RESUMO

Wheat grain peroxidase 1 (WP1) belonged to class III plant peroxidase with cofactor heme, which not only has antifungal activity, but also influences the processing quality of flour. In order to enhance functional expression of WP1 in prokaryotic system by increasing endogenous heme synthesis, we constructed a recombinant plasmid pACYC-A-L containing hemA and hemL of Esherichia coli. Then, we co-transformed it into host strain T7 Express with secretive expression vector (pMAL-p4x-WP1) or non-secretive expression vector (pET21a-MBP-WP1), respectively. The MBP-WP1 fusion protein was further purified by amylose affinity chromatography and its peroxidase activity was assayed using 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS) as substrate. At 12 h after induction at 28 degree, the extracellular 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) production of T7 Express/pACYC-A-L was up to 146.73 mg/L, simultaneously the extracellular porphrins also increased dramatically. The peroxidase activity of functional MBP-WP1 obtained from T7 Express/ (pACYC-A-L + pMAL-p4x-WP1) was 14.6-folds of that purified from T7 Express/ pET21a-MBP-WP1. This study not only successfully enhanced functional expression of wheat peroxidase 1 in Esherichia coli, but also provided beneficial references for other important proteins with cofactor heme.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/genética , Heme/genética , Peroxidases/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/biossíntese , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Heme/biossíntese , Peroxidases/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Transformação Genética
13.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 28(11): 1388-97, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23457791

RESUMO

To establish a prokaryotic expression and purification protocol for nuclease P1 (NP1), we first obtained a synthetic NP1 by splicing 22 oligonucleotides with overlapping PCR. We constructed and transformed a secretory expression vector pMAL-p4X-NP1 into Escherichia coli host strains T7 Express and Origami B (DE3) separately. Then, the recombinant NP1 was purified by amylose affinity chromatography, and its activity, thermo-stability and metal-ion dependence were investigated systematically. The results indicated that the expressed fusion proteins MBP-NP1 (Maltose binding protein-NP1) existed mainly in soluble form both in host strains T7 Express and Origami B (DE3), but the specific activity of recombinant protein from Origami B(DE3) strain was higher than T7 Express strain (75.48 U/mg : 51.50 U/mg). When the MBP-tag was cleaved by protease Factor Xa, the specific activity both increased up to 258.1 U/mg and 139.2 U/mg. The thermal inactivation experiments demonstrated that the recombinant NP1 was quite stable, and it retained more than 90% of original activity after incubated for 30 min at 80 degrees C. Zn2+ (2.0 mmol/L) could increase enzyme activity (to 119.1%), on the contrary, the enzyme activity was reduced by 2.0 mmol/L Cu2+ (to 63.12%). This research realized the functional expression of NP1 in the prokaryotic system for the first time, and provided an alternative pathway for NP1 preparation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Fúngicas/biossíntese , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Endonucleases Específicas para DNA e RNA de Cadeia Simples/biossíntese , Endonucleases Específicas para DNA e RNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Estabilidade Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Genes Sintéticos , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Endonucleases Específicas para DNA e RNA de Cadeia Simples/genética
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 78: 281-6, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22154778

RESUMO

Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) induced nuclear condensation and nuclear fragmentation and rapid loss of guard cell viability in detached epidermis of Vicia leaves at concentrations of 1 mM and higher (3 h exposure). Caspase inhibitors Z-Asp-CH(2)-DCB (0.1 mM) and TLCK (0.1 mM) markedly suppressed SO(2)-induced cell death. The typical nuclear morphological changes and the inhibition effects of caspase inhibitors suggest the activation of a programmed cell death (PCD) pathway. SO(2)-induced cell death can be blocked by either antioxidants (0.1 mM AsA or 200 U/mL CAT) or Ca(2+) antagonists (0.1mM EGTA or LaCl(3)). AsA and CAT also blocked SO(2)-induced ROS production and [Ca(2+)](cyt) increase. However, EGTA and LaCl(3) can inhibit SO(2)-induced [Ca(2+)](cyt) increase, but cannot suppress SO(2)-induced ROS production. Our results indicate that high concentrations of SO(2) induce guard cell death via a PCD pathway through ROS mediating [Ca(2+)](cyt) elevation, which causes harmful effects to plants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Dióxido de Enxofre/toxicidade , Vicia/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Epiderme Vegetal/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Vicia/fisiologia
15.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 27(1): 26-30, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21553487

RESUMO

Wheat peroxidases 1 (WP1) is the major cationic peroxidase of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grain, which is involved in the development of seeds and an important factor to affect the final processing quality of flour. We constructed a prokaryotic expression vector pET28a-WP1, and transformed it into E. coli host strain T7 Expression. His-tag fused WP1 existed as inclusion body, and the recombinant protein was purified by Ni-NTA resin affinity chromatography under denatured condition. The purity of target protein reached 98%. The recombinant WP1 was refolded by gradient urea dialysis, then used as antigen to immune rabbit to prepare polyclonal antibody. The result of ELISA showed that the titer of rabbit anti-WP1 antiserum was higher than 1:625 000. The result of Western blotting demonstrated that the prepared WP1 polyclonal antibody could be used to detect WP1 with high specificity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Peroxidases/biossíntese , Peroxidases/genética , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Coelhos , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
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