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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(48): e13307, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508919

RESUMO

The prognosis of right heart enlargement varies according to different etiologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of echocardiogram, surgical treatment, chromosome and prognosis for fetal right heart enlargement.The foetal echocardiogram was performed on 3987 pregnant women, and then 88 fetuses with right heart enlargement were identified. The data about prenatal and postnatal echocardiograms, postnatal cardiac surgical treatment, karyotype analysis and autopsy after induced labor were analyzed in the 88 fetuses.Except the 1111 cases that had loss of follow-up, 2876 cases had complete data. Among the 2876 cases, right heart enlargement was identified in 88 fetuses. Of the 88 fetuses, 15 had total atrioventricular septal defect (unbalanced type: right ventricular dominance), 15 Ebstein's anomaly, 18 fallot tetrad, 14 double outlet right ventricle, 13 total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, and 13 premature closure of ductus arteriosus. Chromosomal abnormality was found in 12 cases.There are many etiological factors causing right heart enlargement. The prognosis is better in the fetuses with single heart malformation than in the fetuses who have extracardiac malformation or/and chromosomal abnormality besides heart malformation. Fetal echocardiography combined with karyotype analysis can provide important bases for evaluating the prognosis of fetuses with right heart enlargement.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ecocardiografia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/genética , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adolescente , Adulto , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/cirurgia , Cariótipo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
2.
Oncotarget ; 8(63): 106976-106988, 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29291004

RESUMO

Background: Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease. However, its pathogenesis remains to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic variants in Tetralogy of Fallot by whole exome sequencing. Methods: Whole exome sequencing was performed among eight small families with Tetralogy of Fallot. Differential single nucleotide polymorphisms and small InDels were found by alignment within families and between families and then were verified by Sanger sequencing. Tetralogy of Fallot-related genes were determined by analysis using Gene Ontology /pathway, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, PubMed and other databases. Results: A total of sixteen differential single nucleotide polymorphisms loci and eight differential small InDels were discovered. The sixteen differential single nucleotide polymorphisms loci were located on Chr 1, 2, 4, 5, 11, 12, 15, 22 and X. Among the sixteen single nucleotide polymorphisms loci, six has not been reported. The eight differential small InDels were located on Chr 2, 4, 9, 12, 17, 19 and X, whereas of the eight differential small InDels, two has not been reported. Analysis using Gene Ontology /pathway, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, PubMed and other databases revealed that PEX5, NACA, ATXN2, CELA1, PCDHB4 and CTBP1 were associated with Tetralogy of Fallot. Conclusions: Our findings identify PEX5, NACA, ATXN2, CELA1, PCDHB4 and CTBP1 mutations as underlying genetic causes of isolated tetralogy of Fallot.

3.
J Card Surg ; 32(2): 151-153, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27990684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study reports the results of a steerable delivery system under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the treatment of transjugular closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASD). METHODS: From July 2015 to May 2016, 33 patients underwent transjugular closure of a secundum ASD under general anesthesia with TEE guidance. The right internal jugular vein was punctured and a FuStar™ steerable sheath was implanted into the right atrium and aligned vertically with the septum, and a closure device was deployed to close the defect. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients with an ASD were successfully occluded; one patient required ASD closure on cardiopulmonary bypass. Procedure time ranged from 5 to 15 (8.2 ± 3.8) min. The length of stay was three to five days after the operation. The follow-up time ranged from 1.1 to 11.0 (5.5 ± 1.5) months. There was no valve regurgitation, no malignant arrhythmias, no device dislocation, or other serious complications. CONCLUSIONS: A steerable delivery system under the guidance of TEE is a safe, effective, and cosmetic method for the transjugular closure of secundum ASDs.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico , Humanos , Veias Jugulares , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(49): e5552, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27930557

RESUMO

To explore the underlying pathogenesis and provide references for genetic counseling and prenatal gene diagnosis, we analyzed the chromosome karyotypes and genome-wide copy number variations (CNVs) in 86 patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by G-banding karyotype analysis and array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), respectively. And then quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to validate these candidate CNVs. Based on their different properties, CNVs were categorized into benign CNVs, suspiciously pathogenic CNVs, and indefinite CNVs. Data analysis was based on public databases such as UCSC, DECIPHER, DGV, ISCA, and OMIM.The karyotype was normal in all the 86 patients with TOF. CNVs were detected in 11 patients by aCGH and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Patient no. 0001, 0010, and 0029 had 2.52-Mb deletion in the chromosome 22q11.21 region; patient no. 0008 had both 595- and 428-kb duplications, respectively, in 12p12.3p12.2 and 14q23.2q23.3 regions; patient no. 0009 had 1.46-Mb duplication in the 1q21.1q21.2 region; patient no. 0016 had 513-kb duplication in the 1q42.13 region; patient no. 0024 had 292-kb duplication in the 16q11.2 region; patient no. 0026 had 270-kb duplication in the 16q24.1 region; patient no. 0028 had 222-kb deletion in the 7q31.1 region; patient no. 0033 had 1.73-Mb duplication in the 17q12 region; and patient no. 0061 had 5.79-Mb deletion in the 1p36.33p36.31 region.aCGH can accurately detect CNVs in the patients with TOF. This is conducive to genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for TOF and provides a new clue and theoretical basis for exploring the pathogenesis of congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Tetralogia de Fallot/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Primers do DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 29(3): 493-503, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25731651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a basis for evaluating the prognosis of small left heart system development in fetuses, we analyzed its related factors. METHODS: The fetal echocardiogram was performed in 3859 pregnant women, and then small left heart system development was identified in 69 fetuses. The data of prenatal and postnatal echocardiograms, postnatal cardiac surgical treatment, chromosome and autopsy after induced labor were analyzed in the 69 fetuses. RESULTS: Except 1320 cases losing follow-up, 2539 cases had complete data. Among the 2539 cases, small left heart system development was identified in 69 fetuses. Of the 69 fetuses, 12 had hypoplastic left heart syndrome, 20 premature closure of foramen ovale, 13 total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, 2 common pulmonary vein lumen atresia, 21 aortic coarctation or interruption and 1 right pulmonary hypoplasia. Among the 69 fetuses, chromosome abnormality was found in 7. CONCLUSION: There are many etiological factors causing small left heart system development. The prognosis is poor in the fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, common pulmonary vein lumen atresia, pulmonary hypoplasia, other malformations or/and chromosome abnormality. Fetal echocardiography combined with chromosome examination can provide important bases for making diagnosis and evaluating the prognosis regarding small left heart system development.


Assuntos
Doenças Fetais/etiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Cariótipo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adulto Jovem
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