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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151891, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826467

RESUMO

Global antibiotics consumption has been on the rise, leading to increased antibiotics release into the environment, which threatens public health by selecting for antibiotic resistant bacteria and resistance genes, and may endanger the entire ecosystem by impairing primary production. Conventional bacteria-based treatment methods are only moderately effective in antibiotics removal, while abiotic approaches such as advanced oxidation and adsorption are costly and energy/chemical intensive, and may cause secondary pollution. Considered as a promising alternative, microalgae-based technology requires no extra chemical addition, and can realize tremendous CO2 mitigation accompanying growth related pollutants removal. Previous studies on microalgae-based antibiotics removal, however, focused more on the removal performances than on the removal mechanisms, and few studies have concerned the toxicity of antibiotics to microalgae during the treatment process. Yet understanding the removal mechanisms can be of great help for targeted microalgae-based antibiotics removal performances improvement. Moreover, most of the removal and toxicity studies were carried out using environment-irrelevant high concentrations of antibiotics, leading to reduced guidance for real-world situations. Integrating the two research fields can be helpful for both improving antibiotics removal and avoiding toxicological effects to primary producers by the residual pollutants. This study, therefore, aims to build a link connecting the occurrence of antibiotics in the aquatic environment, the removal of antibiotics by microalgae-based processes, and the toxicity of antibiotics to microalgae. Distribution of various categories of antibiotics in different water environments were summarized, together with the antibiotics removal mechanisms and performances in microalgae-based systems, and the toxicological mechanisms and toxicity of antibiotics to microalgae after either short-term or long-term exposure. Current research gaps and future prospects were also analyzed. The review could provide much valuable information to the related fields, and provoke interesting thoughts on integrating microalgae-based antibiotics removal research and toxicity research on the basis of environmentally relevant concentrations.

2.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 56: 151847, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742033

RESUMO

Muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma (MIBC) accounts for 25% of newly diagnosed bladder carcinomas (BCs) and presents a high risk of progression and metastasis. This study aimed to identify reliable biomarkers associated with muscle invasion and prognosis to identify potential therapeutic targets for MIBC. Four gene datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus, and the integrated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were then subjected to gene ontology (GO) terms and pathway enrichment analyses. Correlation analysis between the expression of the top-ranking DEGs and pathological T stages was performed to identify the genes associated with early muscle invasion. The corresponding prognostic values were evaluated, and co-expressed genes mined in the cBioPortal database were loaded into ClueGo in Cytoscape for pathway enrichment analysis. Using data mining from the STRING and TCGA databases, protein-protein interaction and competitive endogenous RNA networks were constructed. In total, 645 integrated DEGs were identified and these were mainly enriched in 26 pathways, including cell cycle, bladder cancer, DNA replication, and PPAR signaling pathway. S100A7 expression was significantly increased from the T2 stage and showed significantly worse overall survival and disease-specific survival in patients with BC. In total, 144 genes co-expressed with S100A7 in BC were significantly enriched in the IL-17 pathway. S100A7 was predicted to directly interact with LYZ, which potentially shows competitive binding with hsa-mir-140 to affect the expression of six lncRNAs in MIBC. In conclusion, high S100A7 expression was predicted to be associated with early muscle invasion and poor survival in patients with BC.

3.
Front Oncol ; 11: 772145, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760709

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of malignancy. Understanding the characteristics of metabolic reprogramming in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) helps uncover novel targets for cancer progression. In this study, 880 metabolism-related genes were identified from microarray data and then filtered to divide patients into two subgroups using consensus clustering, which exhibits significantly different overall survival. After a differential analysis between two subtypes, 3 genes were screened out to construct a two subtypes decision model on the training cohort (GSE53624), defined as high-risk and low-risk subtypes. These risk models were then verified in two public databases (GSE53622 and TCGA-ESCC), an independent cohort of 49 ESCC patients by RT-qPCR and an external cohort of 95 ESCC patients by immunohistochemistry analysis (IHC). Furthermore, the immune cell infiltration of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and plasma cells showed a significant difference between the high and low-risk subtypes in the IHC experiment with 119 ESCC patients. In conclusion, our study indicated that three metabolism-related prognostic genes could stratify patients into subgroups and were associated with immune infiltration, clinical features and clinical outcomes.

4.
Front Surg ; 8: 721567, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760914

RESUMO

Background: Few studies attempt to investigate the impact of histology on the outcome of nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study, we aim to determine whether the type of histology influenced the outcome of stage IA NSCLC patients with tumor size (TS) ≤20 mm. Methods: The data of the population in our study was collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program, which is supported by the National Cancer Institute of the United States. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Cox-regression proportional hazards models were performed to identify prognostic factors for OS. The secondary outcome was lung cancer-specific mortality (LCSM). A competing risk model was used to identify risk factors associated with LCSM. Results: A total of 4,424 eligible patients (T1a-bN0M0) who received sublobar resection [wedge resection (WR) and segmentectomy] were identified and included in the study for further analysis. For patients with TS ≤ 10 mm, multivariate Cox-regression analyses for OS showed that lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) yielded poorer OS compared with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and no difference was observed between LUSC and LUAD for LCSM in competing risk models. For patients with TS > 10 and ≤20 mm, multivariate analyses revealed that LUSC patients experienced poorer OS compared with that of LUAD; the univariate competing risk analysis indicated SCC pathology predicted an increased risk of death from lung cancer, whereas no difference is observed in the multivariate competing analysis. In addition, segmentectomy was associated with longer OS in patients with >10 and ≤20 mm but not in patients with ≤10 mm compared with WR. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that squamous pathology was associated with the worse OS but not LCSM for patients with ≤20 mm compared with adenocarcinoma. Moreover, segmentectomy when compared to wedge resection appears to be associated with a better prognosis in patients with neoplasm >10 mm, but not in the case of nodule ≤10 mm.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1135, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most lethal urological malignancies, but the pathogenesis and prognosis of ccRCC remain obscure, which need to be better understand. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes were identified and function enrichment analyses were performed using three publicly available ccRCC gene expression profiles downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The protein-protein interaction and the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks were visualized by Cytoscape. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to predict an optimal risk mode, and the survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test. Protein expression data were downloaded from Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium database and Human Protein Atlas database, and the clinical information as well as the corresponding lncRNA and miRNA expression data were obtained via The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The co-expressed genes and potential function of candidate genes were explored using data exacted from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia database. RESULTS: Of the 1044 differentially expressed genes shared across the three datasets, 461 were upregulated, and 583 were downregulated, which significantly enriched in multiple immunoregulatory-related biological process and tumor-associated pathways, such as HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, P53 and Rap1 signaling pathways. In the most significant module, 36 hub genes were identified and were predominantly enriched in inflammatory response and immune and biotic stimulus pathways. Survival analysis and validation of the hub genes at the mRNA and protein expression levels suggested that these genes, particularly complement component 3 (C3) and fibronectin 1 (FN1), were primarily responsible for ccRCC tumorigenesis and progression. Increased expression of C3 or FN1 was also associated with advanced clinical stage, high pathological grade, and poor survival in patients with ccRCC. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis qualified the expression levels of the two genes as candidate biomarkers for predicting poor survival. FN1 was potentially regulated by miR-429, miR-216b and miR-217, and constructed a bridge to C3 and C3AR1 in the ceRNA network, indicating a critical position of FN1. CONCLUSIONS: The biomarkers C3 and FN1 could provide theoretical support for the development of a novel prognostic tool to advance ccRCC diagnosis and targeted therapy.

6.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 728622, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707489

RESUMO

Objective: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric symptoms with high prevalence, however, the mechanism of the brain network in PSD and the relationship between the structural and functional network remain unclear. This research applies graph theory to structural networks and explores the relationship between structural and functional networks. Methods: Forty-five patients with acute ischemic stroke were divided into the PSD group and post-stroke without depression (non-PSD) group respectively and underwent the magnetic resonance imaging scans. Network construction and Module analysis were used to explore the structural connectivity-functional connectivity (SC-FC) coupling of multi-scale brain networks in patients with PSD. Results: Compared with non-PSD, the structural network in PSD was related to the reduction of clustering and the increase of path length, but the degree of modularity was lower. Conclusions: The SC-FC coupling may serve as a biomarker for PSD. The similarity in SC and FC is associated with cognitive dysfunction, retardation, and desperation. Our findings highlighted the distinction in brain structural-functional networks in PSD. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03256305, NCT03256305.

7.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 199, 2021 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715919

RESUMO

Histone modification is an important form of epigenetic regulation. Thereinto, histone methylation is a critical determination of chromatin states, participating in multiple cellular processes. As a conserved histone methylation mark, histone 3 lysine 36 trimethylation (H3K36me3) can mediate multiple transcriptional-related events, such as the regulation of transcriptional activity, transcription elongation, pre-mRNA alternative splicing, and RNA m6A methylation. Additionally, H3K36me3 also contributes to DNA damage repair. Given the crucial function of H3K36me3 in genome regulation, the roles of H3K36me3 and its sole methyltransferase SETD2 in pathogenesis, especially malignancies, have been emphasized in many studies, and it is conceivable that disruption of histone methylation regulatory network composed of "writer", "eraser", "reader", and the mutation of H3K36me3 codes have the capacity of powerfully modulating cancer initiation and development. Here we review H3K36me3-mediated biological processes and summarize the latest findings regarding its role in cancers. We highlight the significance of epigenetic combination therapies in cancers.

8.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 713890, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484276

RESUMO

As an important component, 1,000 kernel weight (TKW) plays a significant role in the formation of yield traits of wheat. Kernel size is significantly positively correlated to TKW. Although numerous loci for kernel size in wheat have been reported, our knowledge on loci for kernel area (KA) and kernel circumference (KC) remains limited. In the present study, a recombinant inbred lines (RIL) population containing 371 lines genotyped using the Wheat55K SNP array was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling the KA and KC in multiple environments. A total of 54 and 44 QTLs were mapped by using the biparental population or multienvironment trial module of the inclusive composite interval mapping method, respectively. Twenty-two QTLs were considered major QTLs. BLAST analysis showed that major and stable QTLs QKc.sau-6A.1 (23.12-31.64 cM on 6A) for KC and QKa.sau-6A.2 (66.00-66.57 cM on 6A) for KA were likely novel QTLs, which explained 22.25 and 20.34% of the phenotypic variation on average in the 3 year experiments, respectively. Two Kompetitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) markers, KASP-AX-109894590 and KASP-AX-109380327, were developed and tightly linked to QKc.sau-6A.1 and QKa.sau-6A.2, respectively, and the genetic effects of the different genotypes in the RIL population were successfully confirmed. Furthermore, in the interval where QKa.sau-6A.2 was located on Chinese Spring and T. Turgidum ssp. dicoccoides reference genomes, only 11 genes were found. In addition, digenic epistatic QTLs also showed a significant influence on KC and KA. Altogether, the results revealed the genetic basis of KA and KC and will be useful for the marker-assisted selection of lines with different kernel sizes, laying the foundation for the fine mapping and cloning of the gene(s) underlying the stable QTLs detected in this study.

9.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 4777-4784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566423

RESUMO

Objective: The present study discusses the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) protein expression of spinal glioma cells and the correlation between the sensitivity of promoter methylation of the MGMT gene to chemotherapy drugs, establishes a prediction method for the sensitivity of chemotherapy drugs on spinal gliomas, providing a theoretical basis for determining the best chemotherapy regimens for clinical patients after a spinal glioma operation. Methods: A total of 67 patients, who received microsurgical resection for spinal glioma from October 2010 to June 2016, were selected for the present study. Immunohistochemistry and methylation were performed after the operation. Among these patients, 47 patients with postoperative chemotherapy were assigned as the experimental group, while 20 patients without chemotherapy were designated as the control group. Results: Among the 47 patients in the experimental group, 39 patients had no tumor recurrence after two years, while tumors increased and symptoms were aggravated in eight patients. The progression-free survival rate of chemotherapy was 82.9%, and the two-year survival rate was 100%. The adverse reactions of patients during chemotherapy were slight. Among the 20 patients in the control group, seven patients had no tumor recurrence, while 13 patients had increased tumor size, and the progression-free survival rate was 35.0%. Conclusion: Under the guidance of MGMT immunohistochemical detection and MGMT gene promoter methylation detection after surgery, chemotherapy can effectively delay tumor recurrence, prevent a reoperation, and have good safety and tolerability. This chemotherapy regimen has good prospects.

10.
Front Neurol ; 12: 712512, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566855

RESUMO

Background: Flexor spasticity of the upper limb is common in poststroke patients and seriously affects the recovery of upper limb function. However, there are no standard management protocols for this condition. Radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) is widely used for various diseases, some studies reported the effects of ESWT on reducing spasticity, but the mechanism of ESWT to reduce spasticity by affecting the excitability of stretch reflex or non-neural rheological components in spastic muscles or both is not yet clear. A large randomized controlled trial with comprehensive evaluation indicators is still needed. The study is to observe the effect of rESWT on flexor spasticity of the upper limb after stroke and explore its mechanism. Methods: A prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled trial is to be performed. One hundred participants will be recruited from the Inpatient Department of Zhujiang Hospital. Eligible patients will be randomly allocated to either receive three sessions of active rESWT (group A) or sham-placebo rESWT (group B) with 3-day intervals between each session. Assessment will be performed at baseline and at 24 h after each rESWT (t1, t2, and t3). The primary assessment outcome will be the Modified Ashworth Scale, and other assessments include surface electromyography, MyotonPRO digital muscle function evaluation, and infrared thermal imaging. All data will be analyzed using intention-to-treat principles. Multiple imputation by chained equations will be used to address missing data caused by loss to follow-up and nonresponses. Per protocol, analyses will also be performed on the participants who complete other assessments. Statistical analysis will be performed using SPSS software (version 20.0) and the significance level set at p < 0.05. Discussion: This trial aims to analyze the application of rESWT for the management of spasticity after stroke via appropriate assessments. We hypothesized that after receiving active rESWT, patients would show greater improvement of upper limb muscles compared with patients within the sham-placebo group. The rESWT would be an alternative to traditional methods, and the results of this study may provide support for the further study of potential mechanisms. Clinical Trial Registration:www.chictr.org.cn, identifier: ChiCTR1800016144.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4575-4581, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581099

RESUMO

To explore the application of high-temporal-resolution data in PM2.5 source apportionment during air pollution events, ambient air PM2.5 components were continuously monitored in urban Nanjing from January to December, 2017. Commercially available instruments for continuous measurements were deployed to obtain hourly concentrations of elements, water-soluble ions, and carbonaceous components of PM2.5. Data for 15 elements and 5 bulk components during three pollution events(firework combustion during the Spring Festival, a spring sandstorm, and a winter haze event) and across the whole year comprised four datasets for source apportionment using positive matrix factorization(PMF), and the distribution of factor/source contributions and estimations of average concentrations of characteristic components were compared based on different input datasets(PMFfirework-sand-haze and PMFfull-year). The results showed that the identified factors/sources, factor profiles, and contributions differed largely between PMFfirework-sand-haze and PMFfull-year solutions. For example, the relative average contribution of the firework combustion factor derived from the PMFfull-year solution(was 1.50%) was far less than that of the PMFfirework solution. The dust factor had an average contribution of 8.51% in the PMFsand solution, which was approximately double that of the PMFfull-year solution. This might be explained by the fact that PMF assumes unvaried source compositions during the measurement campaign, meaning that the source apportionment results based on long-term observations will include bias due to changes in emission sources. Furthermore, during the firework combustion event, the estimated average concentration of K from the PMFfirework solution[(1.32±1.17) µg·m-3, P=0.64]was closer to measured value[(1.36±1.19) µg·m-3]than that of the PMFfull-year solution[(1.16±1.19) µg·m-3, P=0.0090]. For the sand storm event, the concentrations of Fe, Si, and Ti were significantly underestimated by the PMFfull-year solution[(0.061±0.042)-(1.06±0.65) µg·m-3, P<0.05], while their peak concentrations agreed well between the PMFsand estimations and the observations. During the winter haze event, all PM2.5 bulk components were well estimated by both the PMFfull-year and PMFhaze solutions. Based on these results, PMF source apportionment results based on continuous measurement data during pollution events can reasonably reflect short-term variations in characteristic PM2.5 components and their sources, which can improve the timeliness of air pollution source apportionment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano , Emissões de Veículos/análise
12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 693062, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497605

RESUMO

Interleukins (ILs) and interleukin receptors (ILRs) play important role in the antitumor immune response. However, the expression signature and clinical characteristics of the IL(R) family in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. The main purpose of this study was to explore the expression profile of IL(R) family genes and construct an IL(R)-based prognostic signature in LUAD. Five public datasets of 1,312 patients with LUAD were enrolled in this study. Samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used as the training set, and samples from the other four cohorts extracted from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were used as the validation set. Additionally, the profile of IL(R) family signature was explored, and the association between this signature and immunotherapy response was also analyzed. Meanwhile, the prognostic value was compared between this IL(R)-based signature and different immunotherapy markers. A signature based on five identified IL(R)s (IL7R, IL5RA, IL20RB, IL11, IL22RA1) was constructed using the TCGA dataset through univariate/multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox analysis. These cases with LUAD were stratified into high- and low-risk group according to the risk score. This signature showed a strong prognostic ability, which was verified by the five independent cohorts and clinical subtypes. The IL(R)-based models presented unique characteristics in terms of immune cell infiltration and immune inflammation profile in tumor microenvironment (TME). Biological pathway analysis confirmed that high-risk patients showed significant T- and B-cell immunosuppression and rapid tumor cell proliferation. More importantly, we researched the relationship between this IL(R)-based signature and immune checkpoints, tumor mutation burden (TMB), tumor purity and ploidy, and tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) score, which confirmed that this signature gave the best prognostic value. We first provided a robust prognostic IL(R)-based signature, which had the potential as a predictor for immunotherapy response to realize individualized treatment of LUAD.

13.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 706569, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497506

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a novel lower-limb exoskeletal robot, BEAR-H1 (Shenzhen Milebot Robot Technology), in the locomotor function of subacute stroke patients. Methods: The present study was approved by the ethical committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (No. 2019-MD-43), and registration was recorded on the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry with a unique identifier: ChiCTR2100044475. A total of 130 patients within 6 months of stroke were randomly divided into two groups: the robot group and the control group. The control group received routine training for walking, while in the robot group, BEAR-H1 lower-limb exoskeletal robot was used for locomotor training. Both groups received two sessions daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks consecutively. Each session lasted 30 min. Before treatment, after treatment for 2 weeks, and 4 weeks, the patients were assessed based on the 6-minute walking test (6MWT), functional ambulation scale (FAC), Fugl-Meyer assessment lower-limb subscale (FMA-LE), and Vicon gait analysis. Results: After a 4-week intervention, the results of 6MWT, FMA-LE, FAC, cadence, and gait cycle in the two groups significantly improved (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). The ratio of stance phase to that of swing phase, swing phase symmetry ratio (SPSR), and step length symmetry ratio (SLSR) was not significantly improved after 4 weeks of training in both the groups. Further analyses revealed that the robot group exhibited potential benefits, as the point estimates of 6MWT and Δ6MWT (post-pre) at 4 weeks were higher than those in the control group. Additionally, within-group comparison showed that patients in the robot group had a significant improvement in 6MWT earlier than their counterparts in the control group. Conclusions: The rehabilitation robot in this study could improve the locomotor function of stroke patients; however, its effect was no better than conventional locomotor training.

14.
J Oncol ; 2021: 6199732, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367285

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of iodine-125 seed implantation combined with chemotherapy in patients with primary liver cancer and the effect on peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells. Methods: A total of 136 patients with primary liver cancer from April 2017 to June 2018 were selected as subjects and randomly divided into the control group and observation group with 68 cases in each group. The control group was treated with chemotherapy, and the observation group was treated with iodine-125 seed implantation on the basis of the control group. After 3 months of treatment, the curative effect was investigated. Serum tumor markers, peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells, and side effects and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups. Results: The levels of serum tumor markers in both groups at 3 months after treatment were lower than before treatment (P < 0.05). Three months after treatment, the levels of tumor markers AFP, AFP-L3, and GP73 in the observation group were 14.61 ± 3.49 µg/L, 3.29 ± 0.41 ng/mL, and 51.24 ± 4.51 µg/L, respectively, which were lower than those in the control group, 32.53 ± 4.59 µg/L, 5.63 ± 0.63 ng/mL, and 71.52 ± 6.05 µg/L (P < 0.05). At 3 months after treatment, the level of including interleukin-2 (IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in Th1 cells of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05), whereas the levels of IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 in Th2 cells were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and gastrointestinal reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05). The recurrence rate of the observation group at 12, 24, and 36 months after treatment was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Iodine-125 seed implantation combined with chemotherapy in patients with primary liver cancer can reduce the level of serum tumor markers, improve the level of peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells, and reduce the recurrence rate of patients without increasing the incidence of side effects, which is worthy of promoting the application of iodine-125 seed implantation.

15.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 31(8): 937-940, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of miR-22-3p in breast cancer and the mechanism of targeting PLAGL2 to inhibit the invasion and migration in human breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Oncology and Department of General Surgery, The People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, China, from March 2019 to December 2020. METHODOLOGY: The miR-22-3p expression level in 41 paired human primary breast invasive ductal carcinoma tissues and para-cancer tissues was obtained by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR). The effect of miR-22-3p on the proliferation of breast cancer cells was detected by growth curve method. Online software TargetScan was used to predict the target genes of miR-22-3p. The prediction results were verified by luciferase reporter gene assay and qRT⁃PCR. RESULTS: MiR-22-3p expression was significantly decreased in the breast cancer tissues than in para⁃carcinoma normal breast tissues (p<0.05). Over-expression of miR-22-3p can inhibit the proliferation of MCF-7 cells significantly. Pleomorphic adenoma gene-like protein 2(PLAGL2) is the predicted target gene of miR-22-3p. MiR-22-3p binds to its predicted target gene PLAGL2-3'UTR. The expression of miR-22-3p was negatively correlated with PLAGL2 in MCF-7 cells. CONCLUSION: MiR-22-3p could suppress the proliferation of breast cancer by targeting PLAGL2. This suggests that miR-22-3p may be a strategy of choice for targeted therapy of breast cancer. Key Words: Breast cancer, MiR-22-3p, PLAGL2, Cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , China , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
16.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(18): 4803-4809, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous myiasis is frequently observed; however, eosinophilic pleural effusion induced by this condition is rare. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 65-year-old female Tibetan patient from Qinghai Province, who presented to West China Hospital of Sichuan University around mid-November 2011 with a chief complaint of recurrent cough, occasional hemoptysis, and right chest pain. There was no past medical and surgical history of note, except for occasional dietary habit of eating raw meat. Clinical examination revealed a left lung collapse and diminished breathing sounds in her left lung, with moist rales heard in both lungs. Chest X-rays demonstrated a left hydropneumothorax and a right lung infection. Chest computed tomography revealed a left hydropneumothorax with partial compressive atelectasis and patchy consolidation on the right lung. Laboratory data revealed peripheral blood eosinophilia of 37.2%, with a white blood cell count of 10.4 × 109/L. Serum immunoglobulin E levels were elevated (1650 unit/mL). Serum parasite antibodies were negative except for cysticercosis immunoglobulin G. Bone marrow aspirates were hypercellular, with a marked increase in the number of mature eosinophils and eosinophilic myelocytes. An ultrasound-guided left-sided thoracentesis produced a yellow-cloudy exudative fluid. Failure to respond to antibiotic treatment during hospitalization for her symptoms and persistent blood eosinophilia led the team to start oral albendazole (400 mg/d) for presumed parasitic infestation for three consecutive days after the ninth day of hospitalization. Intermittent migratory stabbing pain and swelling sensation on both her upper arms and shoulders were reported; tender nodules and worm-like live organisms were observed in the responding sites 1 wk later. After the removal of the live organisms, they were subsequently identified as first stage hypodermal larvae by the Sichuan Institute of Parasites. The patient's symptoms were relieved soon afterwards. Telephonic follow-up 1 mo later indicated that the blood eosinophilia and pleural effusion were resolved. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic pleural fluid can be present in a wide array of disorders. Myiasis should be an important consideration for the differential diagnosis when eosinophilic pleural effusion with blood eosinophilia is observed.

17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(30): 6609-6612, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263284

RESUMO

A radical cascade reaction of 2-aryloxy phenylacetylenes with phosphine oxides promoted by K2S2O8 was developed, which provided diphosphonyl xanthenes as products. This reaction proceeds under transition metal-free and mild conditions with simple operation and good yields. The mechanistic study indicated that phosphine oxide was induced into a phosphonyl radical, and then the following double radical addition/cyclization with 2-aryloxy phenylacetylenes generated bisphosphonyl xanthenes.

18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 685980, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249735

RESUMO

Bladder urothelial carcinoma (BC) is a fatal invasive malignancy and the most common malignancy of the urinary system. In the current study, we investigated the function and mechanisms of Neuropilin-1 (NRP1), the co-receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor, in BC pathogenesis and progression. The expression of NRP1 was evaluated using data extracted from GEO and HPA databases and examined in BC cell lines. The effect on proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, migration, and invasion of BC cells were validated after NRP1 knockdown. After identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs) induced by NRP1 silencing, GO/KEGG and IPA® bioinformatics analyses were performed and specific predicted pathways and targets were confirmed in vitro. Additionally, the co-expressed genes and ceRNA network were predicted using data downloaded from CCLE and TCGA databases, respectively. High expression of NRP1 was observed in BC tissues and cells. NRP1 knockdown promoted apoptosis and suppressed proliferation, angiogenesis, migration, and invasion of BC cells. Additionally, after NRP1 silencing the activity of MAPK signaling and molecular mechanisms of cancer pathways were predicted by KEGG and IPA® pathway analysis and validated using western blot in BC cells. NRP1 knockdown also affected various biological functions, including antiviral response, immune response, cell cycle, proliferation and migration of cells, and neovascularisation. Furthermore, the main upstream molecule of the DEGs induced by NRP1 knockdown may be NUPR1, and NRP1 was also the downstream target of NUPR1 and essential for regulation of FOXP3 expression to activate neovascularisation. DCBLD2 was positively regulated by NRP1, and PPAR signaling was significantly associated with low NRP1 expression. We also found that NRP1 was a predicted target of miR-204, miR-143, miR-145, and miR-195 in BC development. Our data provide evidence for the biological function and molecular aetiology of NRP1 in BC and for the first time demonstrated an association between NRP1 and NUPR1, FOXP3, and DCBLD2. Specifically, downregulation of NRP1 contributes to BC progression, which is associated with activation of MAPK signaling and molecular mechanisms involved in cancer pathways. Therefore, NRP1 may serve as a target for new therapeutic strategies to treat BC and other cancers.

19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 12760, 2021 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140531

RESUMO

Eukaryotic cells can expand their coding ability by using their splicing machinery, spliceosome, to process precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) into mature messenger RNA. The mega-macromolecular spliceosome contains multiple subcomplexes, referred to as small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). Among these, U1 snRNP and its central component, U1-70K, are crucial for splice site recognition during early spliceosome assembly. The human U1-70K has been linked to several types of human autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases. However, its phylogenetic relationship has been seldom reported. To this end, we carried out a systemic analysis of 95 animal U1-70K genes and compare these proteins to their yeast and plant counterparts. Analysis of their gene and protein structures, expression patterns and splicing conservation suggest that animal U1-70Ks are conserved in their molecular function, and may play essential role in cancers and juvenile development. In particular, animal U1-70Ks display unique characteristics of single copy number and a splicing isoform with truncated C-terminal, suggesting the specific role of these U1-70Ks in animal kingdom. In summary, our results provide phylogenetic overview of U1-70K gene family in vertebrates. In silico analyses conducted in this work will act as a reference for future functional studies of this crucial U1 splicing factor in animal kingdom.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Eucariotos/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/química , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
20.
Front Immunol ; 12: 665407, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34177903

RESUMO

With the increasingly early stage lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) being discovered, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive analysis of the prognostic characteristics of early stage LUSC. Here, we developed an immune-related gene signature for outcome prediction of early stage LUSC based on three independent cohorts. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using CIBERSORT and ESTMATE algorithm. Then, a 17-immune-related gene (RPRM, APOH, SSX1, MSGN1, HPR, ISM2, FGA, LBP, HAS1, CSF2, RETN, CCL2, CCL21, MMP19, PTGIS, F13A1, C1QTNF1) signature was identified using univariate Cox regression, LASSO regression and stepwise multivariable Cox analysis based on the verified DEGs from 401 cases in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Subsequently, a cohort of GSE74777 containing 107 cases downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and an independent data set consisting of 36 frozen tissues collected from National Cancer Center were used to validate the predictive value of the signature. Seventeen immune-related genes were identified from TCGA cohort, which were further used to establish a classification system to construct cases into high- and low-risk groups in terms of overall survival. This classifier was still an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis. In addition, another two independent cohorts and different clinical subgroups validated the significant predictive value of the signature. Further mechanism research found early stage LUSC patients with high risk had special immune cell infiltration characteristics and gene mutation profiles. In conclusion, we characterized the tumor microenvironment and established a highly predictive model for evaluating the prognosis of early stage LUSC, which may provide a lead for effective immunotherapeutic options tailored for each subtype.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
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