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1.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0265851, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544523

RESUMO

The increasing family leverage and the expansion of income inequality have aroused widespread concern in society. Based on the data from the China Household Finance Survey (CFPS), this paper constructs the Gini coefficient and household credit index, and aims to research the impact of income inequality, borrowing level on consumption in different regions, urban and rural areas. The results indicate that the increasing of income inequality significantly restrained the increase of household consumption, while the moderate increase of household leverage can promote household consumption to a certain extent. According to the conclusion of this article, in order to realize the sustainable growth of consumption and upgrade of structure, the government should take measures to stimulate domestic demand: (1) For the central and western regions, the overall wealth level of households should be improved and the borrowing level of residents should be appropriately increased; (2) For the eastern region, the income inequality should be controlled and reduced the negative effects of income inequality on sustainable consumption growth. This research provides evidence for understanding the relationship between income inequality, household leverage ratio and consumption, and sheds light on the formulation of related policies.

2.
Stem Cell Res ; 62: 102804, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533514

RESUMO

T-Box Transcription Factor 18 is a member of the T-box family, encoding TBX18 protein. As a transcriptional repressor, it related to developmental processes of a majority of tissues and organs and plays crucial part in the embryonic development of sinoatrial node. Using an episomal vector-based CRISPR/Cas9 system, we have established a homozygous TBX18 knockout (TBX18-KO) human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line. This newly TBX18-/- hESC line display normal pluripotency, morphology, karyotype and trilineage differentiating capacity. This cell line may provide a powerful tool to investigate the role of TBX18 gene in sinoatrial node development in future.

3.
Nat Plants ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534720

RESUMO

To date, little is known about the evolution of fern genomes, with only two small genomes published from the heterosporous Salviniales. Here we assembled the genome of Alsophila spinulosa, known as the flying spider-monkey tree fern, onto 69 pseudochromosomes. The remarkable preservation of synteny, despite resulting from an ancient whole-genome duplication over 100 million years ago, is unprecedented in plants and probably speaks to the uniqueness of tree ferns. Our detailed investigations into stem anatomy and lignin biosynthesis shed new light on the evolution of stem formation in tree ferns. We identified a phenolic compound, alsophilin, that is abundant in xylem, and we provided the molecular basis for its biosynthesis. Finally, analysis of demographic history revealed two genetic bottlenecks, resulting in rapid demographic declines of A. spinulosa. The A. spinulosa genome fills a crucial gap in the plant genomic landscape and helps elucidate many unique aspects of tree fern biology.

4.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; : e2100128, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510950

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to characterize the idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM) through proteomics and phosphoproteomics analysis to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of iERM. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The vitreous of 25 patients with an iERM and 15 patients with an idiopathic macular hole were analyzed by proteomic and phosphoproteomic analysis based on tandem mass tag. PRM was used to verify the differential proteins. RESULTS: Proteomic analysis identified a total of 878 proteins, including 50 differential proteins. Tenascin-C, galectin-3-binding protein, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, neuroserpin, collagen alpha-1(XI) chain, and collagen alpha-1(II) chain were verified to be upregulated in iERM by PRM. Phosphoproteomic analysis identified a total of 401 phosphorylation sites on 213 proteins, including 27 differential phosphorylation sites on 24 proteins. Mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase (MAPKAPK)3 and MAPKAPK5 were predicted as the major kinases in the vitreous of iERM. Twenty-six of the differential proteins and phosphorylated proteins may be closely related to fibrosis in iERM. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our results indicated the potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for iERM, provided key kinases that may be involved in iERM. Fibrosis plays an essential role in iERM, and further exploration of related differential proteins has important clinical significance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(4): 1589-1594, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A case of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome (VKH) first diagnosed with encephalitis was reported and it bring us the clinical reflection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 73-year-old Chinese woman was first diagnosed in the department of neurology with headache, nausea, vomiting, and elevated body temperature. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) assays showed significant increases in leukocytes and Cerebrospinal fluid total protein (CS-TP). Gradually, symptoms appeared in the eyes including decreased vision, keratic precipitates (KP) (+++), iris local posterior adhesion, vitreous opacity, and optic disc congestion edema. The fundus fluorescence examination showed optic disc hyperfluorescence with both eyes exudative retinal detachment. Type-B ultrasonography of obit showed a large number of flocculent opacities in the vitreous and retinal edema. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed that significant edema was evident in the macular area and papillary, and there were wavy changes in the retinal pigment epithelium layer. Review of the clinical, photographic, fundus fluorescence angiography (FFA) data of the patient suggested a clinical diagnosis of VKH. CONCLUSIONS: VKH is an autoimmune disease involving many systems. It has specific systemic symptoms, such as tinnitus, dizziness, headache, nausea, skin injury and so on. But Neurological and auditory manifestations usually precede the involvement of other sites especially in the neurological manifestations. So we should pay attention to the diversity of clinical manifestations, so as to avoid delaying treatment or even misdiagnosis in clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Papiledema , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica , Idoso , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/efeitos adversos , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Cefaleia/complicações , Humanos , Medicina Interna , Náusea , Papiledema/diagnóstico , Papiledema/etiologia , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/complicações , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Pathol Int ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512568

RESUMO

Acinic cell carcinoma (AcCC) of breast is a rare subtype of triple-negative breast carcinoma demonstrating a wide morphologic spectrum. In this study, we perform a detailed morphologic and immunohistochemical description of two cases of the rare entity and review the published relative literature. Histologically, the two cases both showed predominantly microglandular and solid structures overlapping with the histological features of microglandular adenosis (MGA), and one case presented spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma with chondromyxoid matrix as a minor morphologic pattern. In two cases, most of the cancer cells were positive for lysozyme and antitrypsin strongly and extensively, but negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), androgen receptors (AR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). The true relationship between breast AcCC and MGA or carcinoma arising in MGA(CAMGA) may remain unclear; re-excision is advised when the MGA-like content extends to the surgical margins in the setting of breast AcCC. More cases and further molecular investigations are required to elucidate the true histogenesis and give the patients appropriate treatment.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385329

RESUMO

Arachidonic acid metabolites epoxyeicosatrienoates (EETs) and hydroxyeicosatetraenoates (HETEs) are important regulators of myocardial blood flow and coronary vascular resistance (CVR), but their mechanisms of action are not fully understood. We applied a chemoproteomics strategy using a clickable photoaffinity probe to identify G protein coupled receptor 39 (GPR39) as a microvascular smooth muscle cell (mVSMC) receptor selective for two endogenous eicosanoids, 15-HETE and 14,15-EET, which act on the receptor to oppose each other's activity. The former increases mVSMC intracellular calcium via GPR39 and augments coronary microvascular resistance, and the latter inhibits these actions. Furthermore, we find that the efficacy of both ligands is potentiated by zinc acting as an allosteric modulator. Measurements of coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) in GPR39-null hearts using the Langendorff preparation indicate the receptor senses these eicosanoids to regulate microvascular tone. These results implicate GPR39 as an eicosanoid receptor and key regulator of myocardial tissue perfusion. Our findings will have a major impact on understanding the roles of eicosanoids in cardiovascular physiology and disease and provide an opportunity for the development of novel GPR39-targeting therapies for cardiovascular disease.

8.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0267716, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For the past few years, only a few monovalent EV71 vaccines have been developed, while other enterovirus vaccines are in short supply. We conducted a quantitative meta-analysis to explore the epidemiological characteristics, routine laboratory diagnosis, clinical signs and risk factors for hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: PubMed, Embase and the Web of Science were searched for eligible reports published before April 16, 2021, with no publication time or language restrictions. The primary outcome was the odds ratio of the epidemiological characteristics, routine laboratory diagnosis, and clinical signs associated with HFMD severity and death. RESULTS: After screening 10522 records, we included 32 articles comprising 781903 cases of hand, foot and mouth disease. Patients with severe illness developed some clinical signs (hypersomnia (OR = 21.97, 95% CI: 4.13 to 116.74), convulsion (OR = 16.18, 95% CI: 5.30 to 49.39), limb shaking (OR = 47.96, 95% CI: 15.17 to 151.67), and breathlessness (OR = 7.48, 95% CI: 1.90 to 29.40)) and had some changes in laboratory parameters (interleukin-6 levels standardized mean difference (SMD) = 1.57, 95%CI: 0.55 to 2.60), an increased neutrophils ratio (SMD = 0.55, 95%CI: 0.17 to 0.93), cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4+) (SMD = -1.38, 95%CI: -2.33 to -0.43) and a reduced lymphocytes ratio (SMD = -0.48, 95%CI: -0.93 to -0.33)) compared with patients with mild illness. The risk factors for death included cyanosis (OR = 5.82, 95% CI: 2.29 to 14.81), a fast heart rate (OR = 3.22, 95% CI: 1.65 to 6.30), vomiting (OR = 2.70, 95% CI: 1.33 to 5.49) and an increased WBC count (SMD = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.27 to 0.93). CONCLUSIONS: China has the highest incidence of HFMD. Our meta-analyses revealed important risk factors that are associated with the severity and mortality of HFMD.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Doenças da Boca , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/diagnóstico , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 289: 119442, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483855

RESUMO

Carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals prepared by TEMPO-mediated oxidation exhibit a distinct ability to form nematic order, however, their ability to form chiral nematic films remains relatively unexplored. In this study, bleached cotton pulp hydrolyzed with hydrochloric acid and oxidized by TEMPO-mediated oxidation produce carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals with different aspect ratios 33.1, 32.8, 30.9, 29.0 and 28.9, and surface charge densities 0.16, 0.56, 1.00, 1.25, and 1.42 e·nm-2. By tuning the aspect ratio and surface charge density, the optimal carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals producing left-handed chiral nematic films by evaporation-induced self-assembly are obtained. The left-handed chiral nematic films enable selective reflection of left-handed circularly polarized light with the peak wavelength tunable from the visible to the near-infrared regime by modifying the characteristics of nanorods and suspensions. Such carboxylated cellulose nanocrystal films transform spontaneous luminescence to right-handed circularly polarized luminescence with the peak luminescence dissymmetry factor of -0.51.


Assuntos
Celulose , Nanopartículas , Celulose/química , Nanopartículas/química , Oxirredução , Suspensões
10.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(8)2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454494

RESUMO

Suture anchors are extensively used in rotator cuff tear surgery. With the advancement of three-dimensional printing technology, biodegradable metal has been developed for orthopedic applications. This study adopted three-dimensional-printed biodegradable Fe suture anchors with double-helical threads and commercialized non-vented screw-type Ti suture anchors with a tapered tip in the experimental and control groups, respectively. The in vitro study showed that the Fe and Ti suture anchors exhibited a similar ultimate failure load in 20-pound-per-cubic-foot polyurethane foam blocks and rabbit bone. In static immersion tests, the corrosion rate of Fe suture anchors was 0.049 ± 0.002 mm/year. The in vivo study was performed on New Zealand white rabbits and SAs were employed to reattach the ruptured supraspinatus tendon. The in vivo ultimate failure load of the Fe suture anchors was superior to that of the Ti suture anchors at 6 weeks. Micro-computed tomography showed that the bone volume fraction and bone surface density in the Fe suture anchors group 2 and 6 weeks after surgery were superior, and the histology confirmed that the increased bone volume around the anchor was attributable to mineralized osteocytes. The three-dimensional-printed Fe suture anchors outperformed the currently used Ti suture anchors.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 33(31)2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443235

RESUMO

The use of microbial adsorption for metal ions to prepare novel carbon-supported metal nanomaterials has attracted growing research attention. However, the relationship between the adsorbed metal content and catalytic performance of the resulting nanomaterials is unclear. In this work,Pichia pastoris residueswas utilized to adsorb Ce(Ⅲ) at different metal ion concentrations, and then CeO2@C nanomaterials were prepared by pyrolysis. The effects of solution pH and adsorption behavior were investigated. The prepared nanostructures were characterized using electron microscopy and different spectroscopy methods, and their catalytic performances in the removal of salicylic acid from solution by catalytic ozonation were invested. The microbial residue had a metal uptake of 172.00 ± 2.82 mg· g-1at pH 6. In addition, the efficiency of total organic carbon (TOC) removal increased from 21.54% to 34.10% with an increase in metal content in the catalysts from 0 mg· g-1to 170.05 mg· g-1. After pyrolysis, the absorbed Ce(Ⅲ) metal transformed to CeO2metal nanoparticles embedded in a carbon matrix and had a core-shell CeO2@C structure. Therefore, this work not only reveals a relationship between metal content and catalytic performance, but also provides an approach for studying performance of materials with different metal contents loaded on various carriers.

12.
Int J Psychophysiol ; 176: 108-116, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381278

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the influence of interpersonal distance and social observation on prosocial behaviour. Participants were instructed to make costly prosocial decisions towards different interpersonal distance targets (friends, acquaintances or strangers) under the (non) observable condition, with simultaneous electroencephalogram recording. The behavioural results demonstrated that participants made more prosocial choices-unaffected by social observation-towards friends than towards acquaintances and strangers; nonetheless, participants made more prosocial choices towards acquaintances and strangers under the observable than under the non-observable condition. Event-related potential results showed that when participants made prosocial decisions towards friends, the P3 and N2 amplitudes remained unchanged between the observable and non-observable conditions; however, when participants made prosocial decisions towards acquaintances and strangers, a smaller N2 and a larger P3 were observed under the observable than those under the non-observable condition. These findings suggest that prosocial behaviour towards friends is driven by social preferences regarding the welfare of others, regardless of the possibility of reputation management. However, prosocial behaviour towards acquaintances and strangers might be motivated by a positive reputation, because individuals may bear in mind the potential future benefits.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Comportamento Social , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados , Amigos , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais
13.
Immunology ; 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403700

RESUMO

Microglia, the resident immune cells in the retina and nervous system, make irreplaceable contributions to the maintenance of normal homeostasis and immune surveillance of these systems. Recently, great progress has been made in determining the origin, distribution, features and functions of retinal microglia and in identifying their roles in retinal diseases. In the retinal microenvironment, microglia constantly monitor changes in their surroundings and maintain balanced functions by communicating with other retinal cells. When disturbed, activated microglia may kill degenerated neurons and photoreceptors through phagocytosis and exacerbate retinal injury by producing multiple proinflammatory mediators. Numerous animal studies and in situ analyses of human tissue have shown that retinal microglia are involved in multiple retinal diseases. The functions and mechanisms of activated microglia in retinal disorders are gradually being elucidated. Increasing evidence points towards the dual roles of microglia in the retina and they are regulated by many factors. How to inhibit the detrimental effects of microglia and promote beneficial effects are worth studying. This review focuses primarily on the features and functions of microglia and how they participate in retinal diseases based on existing research findings. We also discuss current opinions about microglial transdifferentiation.

14.
Sci Transl Med ; 14(641): eabk0135, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442704

RESUMO

Stroke penumbra injury caused by excess glutamate is an important factor in determining stroke outcome; however, several therapeutic approaches aiming to rescue the penumbra have failed, likely due to unspecific targeting and persistent excitotoxicity, which continued far beyond the primary stroke event. Synaptic lipid signaling can modulate glutamatergic transmission via presynaptic lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) 2 receptors modulated by the LPA-synthesizing molecule autotaxin (ATX) present in astrocytic perisynaptic processes. Here, we detected long-lasting increases in brain ATX concentrations after experimental stroke. In humans, cerebrospinal fluid ATX concentration was increased up to 14 days after stroke. Using astrocyte-specific deletion and pharmacological inhibition of ATX at different time points after experimental stroke, we showed that inhibition of LPA-related cortical excitability improved stroke outcome. In transgenic mice and in individuals expressing a single-nucleotide polymorphism that increased LPA-related glutamatergic transmission, we found dysregulated synaptic LPA signaling and subsequent negative stroke outcome. Moreover, ATX inhibition in the animal model ameliorated stroke outcome, suggesting that this approach might have translational potential for improving the outcome after stroke.


Assuntos
Excitabilidade Cortical , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Lisofosfolipídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471254

RESUMO

PURPOSE: How to discriminate different risks of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) patients and guide individual treatment has become of great importance. This study aimed to explore the associations between deep learning signatures and biological functions as well as survival in (rNPC) patients. METHODS: A total of 420 rNPC patients with PET/CT imaging and follow-up of overall survival (OS) were retrospectively enrolled. All patients were randomly divided into a training set (n = 269) and test set (n = 151) with a 6:4 ratio. We constructed multi-modality deep learning signatures from PET and CT images with a light-weighted deep convolutional neural network EfficienetNet-lite0 and survival loss DeepSurvLoss. An integrated nomogram was constructed incorporating clinical factors and deep learning signatures from PET/CT. Clinical nomogram and single-modality deep learning nomograms were also built for comparison. Furthermore, the association between biological functions and survival risks generated from an integrated nomogram was analyzed by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). RESULTS: The C-index of the integrated nomogram incorporating age, rT-stage, and deep learning PET/CT signature was 0.741 (95% CI: 0.688-0.794) in the training set and 0.732 (95% CI: 0.679-0.785) in the test set. The nomogram stratified patients into two groups with high risk and low risk in both the training set and test set with hazard ratios (HR) of 4.56 (95% CI: 2.80-7.42, p < 0.001) and 4.05 (95% CI: 2.21-7.43, p < 0.001), respectively. The C-index of the integrated nomogram was significantly higher than the clinical nomogram and single-modality nomograms. When stratified by sex, N-stage, or EBV DNA, risk prediction of our integrated nomogram was valid in all patient subgroups. Further subgroup analysis showed that patients with a low-risk could benefit from surgery and re-irradiation, while there was no difference in survival rates between patients treated by chemotherapy in the high-risk and low-risk groups. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of data further explored the mechanism of high- and low-risk patients from the genetic and molecular level. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that PET/CT-based deep learning signatures showed satisfactory prognostic predictive performance in rNPC patients. The nomogram incorporating deep learning signatures successfully divided patients into different risks and had great potential to guide individual treatment: patients with a low-risk were supposed to be treated with surgery and re-irradiation, while for high-risk patients, the application of palliative chemotherapy may be sufficient.

16.
Brain Stimul ; 15(3): 586-597, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modulation of pathological neural circuit activity in the brain with a minimum of complications is an area of intense interest. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to alter neurons' physiological states without apparent damage of cellular integrity using stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS: We treated a 7.5 mm-diameter target on the visual cortex of Göttingen minipigs with doses of 40, 60, 80, and 100 Gy. Six months post-irradiation, the pigs were implanted with a 9 mm-wide, eight-shank multi-electrode probe, which spanned the radiation focus as well as the low-exposure neighboring areas. RESULTS: Doses of 40 Gy led to an increase of spontaneous firing rate, six months post-irradiation, while doses of 60 Gy and greater were associated with a decrease. Subjecting the animals to visual stimuli resulted in typical visual evoked potentials (VEP). At 40 Gy, a significant reduction of the P1 peak time, indicative of higher network excitability was observed. At 80 Gy, P1 peak time was not affected, while a minor reduction at 60 Gy was seen. No distance-dependent effects on spontaneous firing rate, or on VEP were observed. Post-mortem histology revealed no evidence of necrosis at doses below 60 Gy. In an in vitro assay comprising of iPS-derived human neuron-astrocyte co-cultures, we found a higher vulnerability of inhibitory neurons than excitatory neurons with respect to radiation, which might provide the cellular mechanism of the disinhibitory effect observed in vivo. CONCLUSION: We provide initial evidence for a rather circuit-wide, long-lasting disinhibitory effect of low sub-ablative doses of SRS.

17.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 158, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Existing methods for in vitro differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into sinoatrial node-like cells (SANLCs) require complex and undefined medium constituents. This might hinder the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms involved in cardiac subtype specification and prevent translational application. In our study, we aimed to establish a chemically defined differentiation methods to generate SANLCs effectively and stably. METHODS: We induced human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)/induced PSCs (hiPSCs) to pan-cardiomyocytes by temporal modulation of the WNT/ß-catenin (WNT) signaling pathway with GSK3 inhibitor and WNT inhibitor. During cardiac mesoderm stage of the differentiation process, signaling of WNT, retinoid acid (RA), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) was manipulated by three specific molecules. Moreover, metabolic selection was designed to improve the enrichment of SANLCs. Finally, RT-PCR, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and whole cell patch clamp were used to identify the SANLCs. RESULTS: WNT, RA, and FGF signaling promote the differentiation of hPSCs into SANLCs in a concentration- and time window-sensitive manner, respectively. Synergetic modulation of WNT, FGF, and RA signaling pathways enhance the pacemaker phenotype and improve the differentiation efficiency of SANLCs (up to 45%). Moreover, the purification based on lactate metabolism and glucose starvation further reached approximately 50% of SANLCs. Finally, the electrophysiological data demonstrate that cells differentiated with the proposed protocol produce a considerable number of SANLCs that display typical electrophysiological characteristics of pacemaker cells in vitro. CONCLUSION: We provide an optimized and chemically defined protocol to generate SANLCs by combined modulation of WNT, RA, and FGF signaling pathways and metabolic selection by lactate enrichment and glucose starvation. This chemically defined method for generating SANLCs might provide a platform for disease modeling, drug discovery, predictive toxicology, and biological pacemaker construction.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Nó Sinoatrial , Diferenciação Celular , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Nó Sinoatrial/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
18.
Drug Deliv ; 29(1): 1132-1141, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380084

RESUMO

Sodium aescinate (SA) is often used for intravenous (IV) injection owing to its anti-inflammatory, anti-exudative, increasing venous tension, improving blood circulation and reducing swelling activities. However, the clinical application of SA is limited by strong irritation, short half-life and low bioavailability. To overcome these defects, we intended to modify SA by encapsualing it with liposomes . SA was mixed with a proper amount of phospholipid and lyophilized to prepare the liposome of sodium aescinate for injection (SA-Lip-I). Its physical properties, cumulative release and dilution stability were evaluated in vitro. Its pharmacodynamic characteristics were evaluated. Safety of SA-Lip-I was evaluated in terms of hemolysis, IV irritation and acute toxicity. The mean particle size of SA-Lip-I was 117.33±0.95 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) was 0.140±0.017, Zeta potential was -30.34±0.23 mv, The cumulative release of SA-Lip at 12 h was more than 80%, which met the release requirements of nanoparticles. SA-Lip-I was well stable in the four mediators and met the clinical medication requirements. In addition, SA-Lip-I had better efficacy than the SA-I and has a significant difference. Furthermore, SA-Lip-I did not induce hemolysis at 37°C, and produced by far milder venous irritation as compared with SA-I. In addition, LD50 of SA-Lip-I was 2.12 fold that of the commercial SA-I, with no obvious side effects.The modified SA-Lip-I is a promising preparation which can reduce the irritation and toxic side effects, improve the treatment effect to a certain extent, but greatly alleviate pain of the patient during treatment, achieving the optimal curative effect.


Assuntos
Saponinas , Triterpenos , Humanos , Lipossomos , Água
19.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(3): 515-520, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386959

RESUMO

To analyze the genetic background of 'white' type Northern snakehead (Channa argus), and provide atheoretical basis for breeding of C. argus, the investigation of genetic diversity and population structure were investigated based on the complete sequences of mitochondrial DNA D-loop region for three cultured 'white' type C. argus populations, and four 'bicolor' type C. argus populations were used to compare with them; 28 mutation loci and 30 haplotypes were found in the D-loop sequence of all individuals with a total length of 907 bp. The highest haplotype diversity (Hd ) and nucleotide diversity (Pi ) in the 'white' type C. argus populations were 0.505 and 0.00057, respectively, which lower than those in the 'bicolor' type C. argus populations (Hd = 0.911, Pi = 0.00326). Population differentiation values (F ST) show that the four 'bicolor' type C. argus populations had obvious genetic differentiation (Fst: 0.21902-0.49428. p < 0.01), but not in the three 'white' type C. argus populations (Fst: -0.00571 to 0.07261. p > 0.05). The phylogenetic tree and Median Joining (MJ) network showed that the genetic distance among 'white' type C. argus populations is very close. Therefore, much attention should be paid to protecting population genetic diversity and avoiding inbreeding in the breeding of 'white' type C. argus.

20.
Gigascience ; 112022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The globe skimmer dragonfly (Pantala flavescens) is a notable Odonata insect distributed in nature fields and farmlands worldwide, and it is commonly recognized as a natural enemy because it preys on agricultural pests and health pests. As one of the sister groups of winged insects, odonatan species are key to understanding the evolution of insect wings. FINDINGS: We present a high-quality reference genome of P. flavescens, which is the first chromosome-level genome in the Palaeoptera (Odonata and Ephemeroptera). The assembled genome size was 662 Mb, with a contig N50 of 16.2 Mb. Via Hi-C scaffolding, 648 Mb (97.9%) of contig sequences were clustered, ordered, and assembled into 12 large scaffolds, each corresponding to a natural chromosome. The X chromosome was identified by sequence coverage depth. The repetitive sequences and gene density of the X chromosome are similar to those of autosomal sequences, but the X chromosome shows a much lower degree of heterozygosity. Our analysis shows that the effective population size experienced 3 declining events, which may have been caused by climate change and environmental pollution. CONCLUSIONS: The genome of P. flavescens provides more information on the biology and evolution of insects and will help for the use of this species in pest control.


Assuntos
Odonatos , Animais , Cromossomos , Tamanho do Genoma , Odonatos/genética , Filogenia , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico
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