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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784270

RESUMO

This paper aims at proposing an unsupervised hierarchical nonparametric Bayesian framework for modeling axial data (i.e. observations are axes of direction) that can be partitioned into multiple groups, where each observation within a group is sampled from a mixture of Watson distributions with an infinite number of components that are allowed to be shared across different groups. First, we propose a hierarchical nonparametric Bayesian model for modeling grouped axial data based on the hierarchical Pitman-Yor process mixture model of Watson distributions. Then, we demonstrate that by setting the discount parameters of the proposed model to 0, another hierarchical nonparametric Bayesian model based on hierarchical Dirichlet process can be derived for modeling axial data. To learn the proposed models, we systematically develop a closed-form optimization algorithm based on the collapsed variational Bayes (CVB) inference. Furthermore, to ensure the convergence of the proposed learning algorithm, an annealing mechanism is introduced to the framework of CVB inference, leading to an averaged collapsed variational Bayes inference strategy. The merits of the proposed models for modeling grouped axial data are demonstrated through experiments on both synthetic data and real-world applications involving gene expression data clustering and depth image analysis.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22829, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819598

RESUMO

It is still a hot research topic to identify node importance in complex networks. Recently many methods have been proposed to deal with this problem. However, most of the methods only focus on local or path information, they do not combine local and global information well. In this paper, a new model to identify node importance based on Decision-making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) is presented. DEMATEL method is based on graph theory which takes the global information into full consideration so that it can effectively identify the importance of one element in the whole complex system. Some experiments based on susceptible-infected (SI) model are used to compare the new model with other methods. The applications in three different networks illustrate the effectiveness of the new model.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817168

RESUMO

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is currently one of the main causes of chronic liver disease, but its potential mechanism remains unclear. This study proved that estrogen receptor α (ERα) could negatively control hepatocyte pyroptosis by inhibiting NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation, gasdermin D (GSDMD)-N generation, propidium iodide (PI) uptake, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1ß and IL-18) release. Furthermore, inhibition of pyroptosis ameliorated ERα deletion-induced metabolic dysfunction, insulin resistance, and liver injury. Mechanistically, ERα was confirmed to inhibit pyroptosis by directly interacting with GSDMD, and GSDMD blockade reversed the ERα inhibition-induced pyroptosis and improved lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. Notably, the treatment of wild-type (WT) mice with genistein, a phytoestrogen, could attenuate high-fat diet (HFD)-induced liver lipid steatosis and inhibit NLRP3-GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis. Results provide new insights into the underlying mechanism of pyroptosis regulation and uncover the potential treatment target of MAFLD.

4.
Food Funct ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812468

RESUMO

Long-term use of antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) in animal production is the main cause of antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, seeking alternatives to AGP is crucial for animal husbandry. Among all AGP alternatives, probiotics are promising candidates. In this study, two strains of lactic acid bacteria, L. johnsonii 3-1 and L. crispatus 7-4, were isolated from the feces of wild Gallus gallus, which exhibited obvious anti-pathogenic activity and improved the growth performance of broilers. Furthermore, we found that these two strains participated in the lipid metabolism of broilers by reducing the content of TC and TG in ileal epithelial cells and up-regulating the liver AMPKα/PPARα/CPT-1 pathway, which affects abdominal fat deposition. In summary, L. johnsonii 3-1 and L. crispatus 7-4 have the potential to be used as AGP substitutes and participate in the lipid metabolism of broilers to reduce abdominal fat deposition. Importantly, our study reveals for the first time that L. crispatus participates in liver lipid metabolism to reduce abdominal fat deposition in broilers.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596558

RESUMO

Bayesian non-negative matrix factorization (BNMF) has been widely used in different applications. In this article, we propose a novel BNMF technique dedicated to semibounded data where each entry of the observed matrix is supposed to follow an Inverted Beta distribution. The model has two parameter matrices with the same size as the observation matrix which we factorize into a product of excitation and basis matrices. Entries of the corresponding basis and excitation matrices follow a Gamma prior. To estimate the parameters of the model, variational Bayesian inference is used. A lower bound approximation for the objective function is used to find an analytically tractable solution for the model. An online extension of the algorithm is also proposed for more scalability and to adapt to streaming data. The model is evaluated on five different applications: part-based decomposition, collaborative filtering, market basket analysis, transactions prediction and items classification, topic mining, and graph embedding on biomedical networks.

6.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663074

RESUMO

A 69-year-old man was referred to our center for further evaluation and treatment of a gastric mass. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy found a 30-mm submucosal tumor (SMT) in the gastric body. Endoscopic ultrasound revealed a hypoechoic lesion originating from the muscularis propria layer.

7.
Int J Infect Dis ; 113: 308-317, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is an ongoing global health emergency. T-cell receptors (TCRs) are crucial mediators of antiviral adaptive immunity. This study sought to comprehensively characterize the TCR repertoire changes in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A large sample size multi-center randomized controlled trial was implemented to study the features of the TCR repertoire and identify COVID-19 disease-related TCR sequences. RESULTS: It was found that some T-cell receptor beta chain (TCRß) features differed markedly between COVID-19 patients and healthy controls, including decreased repertoire diversity, longer complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) length, skewed utilization of the TCRß variable gene/joining gene (TRBV/J), and a high degree of TCRß sharing in COVID-19 patients. Moreover, this analysis showed that TCR repertoire diversity declines with aging, which may be a cause of the higher infection and mortality rates in elderly patients. Importantly, a set of TCRß clones that can distinguish COVID-19 patients from healthy controls with high accuracy was identified. Notably, this diagnostic model demonstrates 100% specificity and 82.68% sensitivity at 0-3 days post diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study lays the foundation for immunodiagnosis and the development of medicines and vaccines for COVID-19 patients.

8.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 6533049, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512796

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a kind of lethal cancer. Although there are mature treatment methods, there is still a lack of rigorous and scientific means for cancer diagnosis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a kind of noncoding RNA (ncRNA). Recent studies find that alteration of lncRNA expression is related to the occurrence of many cancers. In order to find lncRNAs which can effectively predict the prognosis of ccRCC, RNA-seq count data and clinical information were downloaded from TCGA-KIRC, and gene expression profiles from 530 patients were included. Then, K-means was used for clustering, and the number of clusters was determined to be 5. The R-package "edgeR" was used to perform differential expression analysis. Subsequently, a risk model composed of 10 lncRNA biomarkers significantly related to prognosis was identified via Cox and LASSO regression analyses. Then, patients were divided into two groups according to the model-based risk score, and then, GSEA pathway enrichment was performed. The results showed that metabolism- and mTOR-related pathways were activated while immune-related pathways were inhibited in the high-risk patients. Combined with previous studies, it is believed that these 10 lncRNAs are potential targets for the treatment of ccRCC. In addition, Cox regression analysis was used to verify the independence of the risk model, and as results revealed, the risk model can be used to independently predict the prognosis of patients. In conclusion, our study found 10 lncRNAs related to the prognosis of ccRCC and provided new ideas for clinical diagnosis and drug development.

9.
Virus Res ; 305: 198573, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555436

RESUMO

The PB2 protein of avian influenza virus (AIV) is essential for transcription and replication of virus genome. In this study, we reported that chicken heterogenous nuclear riboncleoprotein AB (hnRNPAB) cooperated with avian influenza viral protein PB2 and inhibited the polymerase activity and virus replication. We found that hnRNPAB was associated with PB2 mRNA and overexpression of hnRNPAB reduced PB2 mRNA nuclear export and PB2 protein level, but had no influence on PB2 mRNA level. At the same time, overexpression of hnRNPAB also reduced protein levels rather than mRNA levels of PA, PB1 and NP. In addition, overexpression of hnRNPAB restricted the polymerase activity and virus replication, while knockdown of hnRNPAB resulted in enhanced polymerase activity and virus replication. Lastly, virus infection induced the nuclear accumulation of hnRNPAB, but did not cause the change of expression level of endogenous hnRNPAB in DF-1 cells. Collectively, these findings suggested that hnRNPAB played a restrictive role in polymerase activity and virus replication potentially through inhibiting PB2 mRNA nuclear export and PB2 protein level.

10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109616, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363818

RESUMO

The reproductive toxicity of endocrine-disrupting chemicals has become a matter of great concern. However, the potential toxicological mechanism of typical environmental estrogens, bisphenol A (BPA) and genistein (GEN), on adult ovary remains ambiguous. In this study, we used laying hens as the experimental model and aimed to clarify the effect of long-term exposure to safe reference doses of BPA and GEN on adult ovary. Results demonstrated that 1/10 no-observable-adverse effect-level dose (1/10 NOAEL, 500 µg/kg body weight [bw]/day) of BPA significantly reduced the production performance and caused the degeneration of follicles and stromal cells and the increase of atretic follicles. Moreover, 1/10 NOAEL dose of BPA undermined the redox homeostasis of the ovary through activating Keap1 and suppressing the Nrf2-signaling pathway (Nrf2, NQO1, and HO-1). On the contrary, GEN (20, 40 mg/kg bw/day) dramatically improved the antioxidant capacity of the ovary by regulating the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway, enhancing the activities of antioxidant-related enzymes (CAT, GSH-Px, and T-SOD), and inhibiting the excessive accumulation of lipid peroxidation products (MDA). Parallel in vitro studies confirmed that the differential role of BPA and GEN on ovarian redox balance was directly mediated by Nrf2-Keap1 antioxidant system. And GEN could ameliorate BPA-induced oxidative stress. Importantly, our research found that exposure to BPA and GEN altered estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression in the ovary. And the use of specific ERα agonist/antagonist confirmed that BPA and GEN have opposite regulatory effects on the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway by targeting ERα.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Genisteína/toxicidade , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Galinhas , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/patologia
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40249-40266, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424682

RESUMO

Disruption of intestinal homeostasis is an important event in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and genistein (GEN) is a candidate medicine to prevent IBD. However, the clinical application of GEN is restricted owing to its low oral bioavailability. Herein, a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive nanomaterial (defined as GEN-NP2) containing superoxidase dismutase-mimetic temporally conjugated ß-cyclodextrin and 4-(hydroxymethyl)phenylboronic acid pinacol ester-modified GEN was prepared. GEN-NP2 effectively delivered GEN to the inflammation site and protected GEN from rapid metabolism and elimination in the gastrointestinal tract. In response to high ROS levels, GEN was site-specifically released and accumulated at inflammatory sites. Mechanistically, GEN-NP2 effectively increased the expression of estrogen receptor ß (ERß), simultaneously reduced the expression of proinflammatory mediators (apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and Caspase1-p20), attenuated the infiltration of inflammatory cells, promoted autophagy of intestinal epithelial cells, inhibited the secretion of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), modulated the gut microbiota, and ultimately alleviated colitis. In addition, the oral administration of these nanoparticles showed excellent safety, thereby providing confidence in the further development of precise treatments for IBD.

12.
Clin Exp Med ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232416

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that occurs predominantly in infants and children, and the most crucial complication of KD is coronary artery aneurysm (CAA). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like protein 1A (TL1A) is a member of the TNF superfamily, which possesses the ability of maintaining vascular homeostasis and regulating immune responses. This study aimed to examine serum TL1A levels in KD patients, and to investigate the relationship between TL1A and CAAs in children with KD. Blood samples were recruited from 119 KD patients, 35 febrile controls (FCs), and 37 healthy controls (HCs). The KD group was further divided into KD with CAAs (KD-CAAs) and KD non-CAAs (KD-NCAAs) groups. Serum TL1A levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and clinical parameters were collected from KD patients. Serum TL1A levels of KD patients in the acute phase of KD were significantly higher than in the FC and HC groups. In particular, serum TL1A levels were substantially increased in the KD-CAA group compared with the KD-NCAA group. Furthermore, TL1A levels in the KD group were positively correlated with the duration of fever and the time point of IVIG and WBC levels, but negatively correlated with levels of RBC, Hb and albumin. TL1A might be involved in KD-associated vasculitis and in the development of CAAs.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117795, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274649

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) and genistein (GEN) are selective estrogen receptor modulators, which are involved in the occurrence and development of metabolic syndrome. However, their roles in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) of laying hens have not been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of different concentrations of GEN and BPA on the NAFLD of laying hens. Results showed that GEN ameliorated the high-energy and low-protein diet (HELP)-induced NAFLD by improving pathological damage, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance and blocking the expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-related factors. By contrast, high dose of BPA could aggravate these changes with serious symptom of NAFLD and suppress the level of ERα in the liver considerably, while GEN could reverse this phenomenon in a dose-dependent manner. In general, our research shows that the protective effect of GEN on NAFLD aims to improve the metabolic disorders and inflammation closely connected to ERα, while BPA can inhibit the expression of ERα and exacerbate the symptom of NAFLD. In conclusion, we elucidate the opposing effects of GEN and BPA in NAFLD of laying hens, thus providing a potential mechanism related to ERα and inflammation.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Galinhas , Feminino , Genisteína/toxicidade , Fígado , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/induzido quimicamente , Fenóis
14.
Urol Int ; 105(9-10): 906-915, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: miR-155-5p as an important microRNA has been extensively studied for its biological functions and mechanisms in various cancers. However, the role and underlying mechanisms in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remain to be further elucidated. METHODS: Bioinformatics methods were implemented to analyze differentially expressed genes in the cancer genome atlas database. qRT-PCR and Western blot were employed to detect the expression of miR-155-5p and paternally expressed gene 3 (PEG3) mRNA as well as protein expression. Cell lines with miR-155-5p knockdown or miR-155-5p/PEG3 co-overexpression were constructed. A series of experiments including the MTT method, wound healing assay, and transwell assay were carried out to detect the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells in different treatment groups. Bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase assay were conducted to confirm the targeting relationship between PEG3 and miR-155-5p in ccRCC. RESULTS: miR-155-5p was found to be significantly upregulated in ccRCC cells, while PEG3 exhibited significantly low expression. The downregulation of miR-155-5p could inhibit cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC. miR-155-5p could inhibit the expression of PEG3. The overexpression of miR-155-5p could promote cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas overexpression of PEG3 could significantly attenuate such effect. Therefore, miR-155-5p may promote cell growth of ccRCC via inhibiting PEG3 expression. CONCLUSION: These findings validated the effect of miR-155-5p/PEG3 on ccRCC cells and provided novel potential targets for the prognosis and treatment of patients with ccRCC.

15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(8): 11705-11726, 2021 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875618

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) can differentiate into all blood lineages to maintain hematopoiesis, wound healing, and immune functions. Recently, cobalt-chromium alloy casting implants have been used extensively in total hip replacements; however, cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) released from the alloy were toxic to HSCs and HPCs. We aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the toxic effect of CoNPs on HSCs/HPCs and to determine the protective effect of selenomethionine (SeMet) against CoNPs in vitro and in vivo. Human and rat CD34+ HSCs/HPCs were isolated from cord blood and bone marrow, respectively. CoNPs decreased the viability of CD34+ HSCs/HPCs and increased apoptosis. SeMet attenuated the toxicity of CoNPs by enhancing the antioxidant ability of cells. The protective effect of SeMet was not completely abolished after adding H2O2 to abrogate the improvement of the antioxidant capacity by SeMet. SeMet and CoNPs stimulated ATM/ATR DNA damage response signals and inhibited cell proliferation. Unlike CoNPs, SeMet did not damage the DNA, and cell proliferation recovered after removing SeMet. SeMet inhibited the CoNP-induced upregulation of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, thereby disrupting the inhibitory effect of HIF-1α on breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein (BRCA1). Moreover, SeMet promoted BRCA1-mediated ubiquitination of cyclin B by upregulating UBE2K. Thus, SeMet enhanced cell cycle arrest and DNA repair post-CoNP exposure. Overall, SeMet protected CD34+ HSCs/HPCs against CoNPs by stimulating antioxidant activity and DNA repair.


Assuntos
Cobalto/toxicidade , Intoxicação por Metais Pesados/prevenção & controle , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Selenometionina/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Cobalto/administração & dosagem , Meios de Cultura/toxicidade , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sangue Fetal/citologia , Intoxicação por Metais Pesados/etiologia , Intoxicação por Metais Pesados/patologia , Hematopoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Cultura Primária de Células , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Selenometionina/uso terapêutico
17.
Arch Virol ; 166(4): 1113-1124, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576898

RESUMO

Avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle disease virus (NDV), and avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) inflict immense damage on the global poultry industry annually. Serological diagnostic methods are fundamental for the effective control and prevention of outbreaks caused by these viruses. In this study, a novel triplex protein microarray assay was developed and validated for the rapid and simultaneous visualized detection of antibodies against AIV, NDV, and IBV in chicken sera. The AIV nuclear protein (NP), NDV phosphoprotein (P), and IBV nonstructural protein 5 (nsp5) were produced in a prokaryotic expression system, purified, and immobilized onto an initiator integrated poly(dimethylsiloxane) (iPDMS) film as probes to detect antibodies against these viruses in chicken sera. After optimization of the reaction conditions, no cross-reactivity was detected with infectious bursal disease virus, avian leukosis virus subgroup J and chicken anemia virus antisera. The lowest detectable antibody titers in this assay corresponded to hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titers of 24 and 21 for AIV and NDV, respectively, and to an IDEXX antibody titer of 103 for IBV, using the HI assay and IDEXX commercial ELISA kit as the reference methods. When156 serum samples were tested using the new assay, the HI test and the IBV IDEXX ELISA kit, the assay showed 96.8% (151/156), 97.4% (152/156) and 99.4% (155/156) diagnostic accuracy for detection of AIV, NDV and IBV antibody, respectively. The current study suggests that the newly developed triplex microarray is rapid, sensitive, and specific, providing a viable alternative assay for AIV, NDV, and IBV antibody screening in epidemiological investigations and vaccination evaluations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/isolamento & purificação , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/diagnóstico , Análise Serial de Proteínas/veterinária , Animais , Antígenos Virais/genética , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/metabolismo , Galinhas , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Imunoensaio/normas , Imunoensaio/veterinária , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A/imunologia , Influenza Aviária/diagnóstico , Doença de Newcastle/diagnóstico , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Testes Sorológicos/normas , Testes Sorológicos/veterinária
18.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(1): 133-143, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332969

RESUMO

Artificial ligaments prepared from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are widely accepted for clinical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to recover the native function of knee joints. However, due to the chemical inertness and hydrophobicity of PET, improving its bioactivity and promoting graft-bone integration are still great challenges. Inspired by the natural biomineralization process on the surface of a historical stone, in this study, a bioactive organic/inorganic composite coating that is composed of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) and chondroitin sulfate with magnesium silicate (MgSiO3) doping is developed for surface modification of PET (MSPC-PET). This composite coating promotes adhesion and proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and its bioactive inorganic components (MgSiO3) could induce osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Furthermore, an in vivo experiment indicated that this composite coating might afford superior graft-bone integration between MSPC-PET and the host bone tunnel, and fibrous scar tissue formation was also inhibited. More importantly, a biomechanical analysis proved that there was a strong integration between the MSPC-PET graft and the bone tunnel, which will improve biomechanical properties for the restoration of ACL function. This study shows that this bioactive composite coating-modified PET graft for the ACL reconstruction can effectively achieve good integration of ACL artificial grafts and bone tunnels and prevent surgical failure.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Osteogênese , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Biomineralização , Magnésio , Silicatos de Magnésio
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048769

RESUMO

Clustering is a fundamental problem that frequently arises in many fields, such as pattern recognition, data mining, and machine learning. Although various clustering algorithms have been developed in the past, traditional clustering algorithms with shallow structures cannot excavate the interdependence of complex data features in latent space. Recently, deep generative models, such as autoencoder (AE), variational AE (VAE), and generative adversarial network (GAN), have achieved remarkable success in many unsupervised applications thanks to their capabilities for learning promising latent representations from original data. In this work, first we propose a novel clustering approach based on both Wasserstein GAN with gradient penalty (WGAN-GP) and VAE with a Gaussian mixture prior. By combining the WGAN-GP with VAE, the generator of WGAN-GP is formulated by drawing samples from the probabilistic decoder of VAE. Moreover, to provide more robust clustering and generation performance when outliers are encountered in data, a variant of the proposed deep generative model is developed based on a Student's-t mixture prior. The effectiveness of our deep generative models is validated though experiments on both clustering analysis and samples generation. Through the comparison with other state-of-art clustering approaches based on deep generative models, the proposed approach can provide more stable training of the model, improve the accuracy of clustering, and generate realistic samples.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 206: 111398, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010594

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical. Its influence on lipid homeostasis remains to be proven. In this study, the obese model of laying hens were induced using high-fat diet (HFD) to determine the lipid metabolism interference of BPA, especially its influence on estrogen receptors (ERs) and oxidative damage, at the dose of tolerable daily intake (TDI, 50 µg/kg body weight [BW]/day) and no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL, 5000 µg/kg BW/day). The results demonstrated that the TDI dose of BPA interacted with ERα more effectively than the NOAEL dose of BPA. The TDI dose of BPA increased the expression of ERα (esr1), which further changed the expression of lipid metabolism-related genes, such as cpt-1, lpl, creb1, and apov1. Furthermore, the abdominal fat rate, hematoxylin-eosin staining of adipocytes, and the average area of the hens were reduced. Therefore, the TDI dose of BPA played an estrogen-compensating role and weakened the effect of HFD on obesity in aged hens. By contrast, BPA at NOAEL dose exhibited great oxidative stress, which remarkably inhibited the activities of antioxidant-related enzymes (total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase) and promoted the excessive accumulation of lipid peroxidation products (malondialdehyde). Moreover, the increase in oxidative stress corresponded well with the increase in the expression of fat-forming genes (srebp-1, fas, acc, and ppar γ). That is, BPA at NOAEL may accelerate the process of fat formation.


Assuntos
Gordura Abdominal/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Fenóis/toxicidade , Gordura Abdominal/metabolismo , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo
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