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1.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12966, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complete right bundle branch block (CRBBB) is an important predictor of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. However, the association between CRBBB and AF development remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 2639 patients (male, n = 1549; female, n = 1090; mean age, 58 ± 13 years). CRBBB was defined as a late R (R') wave in lead V1 or V2 with a slurred S wave in lead I and/or lead V6 with a prolonged QRS duration (≥120 ms). RESULTS: Among the 2639 patients, CRBBB was detected in 40 patients (1.5%), and the prevalence of AF was 7.4% (196/2639). The proportion of patients with AF and CRBBB was higher than the proportion of patients with AF without CRBBB (22.5% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.001). In the forward multivariate logistic analysis, CRBBB (odds ratio [OR], 3.329; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.350-8.211; p = 0.009), complete left bundle branch block (OR, 2.209; 95% CI, 1.238-3.940; p = 0.007), age (OR, 1.020; 95% CI, 1.005-1.035; p = 0.009), valvular heart disease (OR, 2.332; 95% CI, 1.531-3.552; p < 0.001), left atrial diameter (OR, 1.133; 95% CI, 1.104-1.163; p < 0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (OR, 1.023; 95% CI, 1.006-1.041; p = 0.007), and class I or III anti-arrhythmic drug use (OR, 10.534; 95% CI, 7.090-15.651; p < 0.001) were associated with AF. CONCLUSION: Complete right bundle branch block was significantly associated with AF development in hospitalized patients with cardiovascular diseases.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131591, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303053

RESUMO

Drinking water safety cannot be overemphasized. Filamentous fungi have many excellent features for metal removal. Both graphene oxide (GO) and activated carbon (AC) are conventional metal adsorbents, but they are not suitable for large-scale use due to high cost. In this study, a low dosage of conidia (2.0 × 104 conidia/mL) of metal-resistant/adapted filamentous fungus Penicillium janthinillum strain GXCR were co-immobilized with a low dosage of 0.5 mg/L GO or 0.5 mg/L AC by embedding in 2% polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-3% sodium alginate (SA), generating six types of microbead adsorbents (MBAs) to remove metals from a low concentration of either single metal (100 mg/L) or mixed metals (100 mg/L each) of Pb (II), Fe (III) and Cu (II) in drinking water. Fungus GXCR-containing MBAs had higher specific surface areas (SSAs), better mesoporous structures, and a higher removal rate (85-98.99%) of single or mixed metals. Singl-metal adsorptions of MBAs were almost unaffected by temperature changes. MBAs showed a stable removal rate of 87-94% during four cycles of adsorption-desorption of single metal. Single-metal adsorptions were well described by multiple models of Freundlich isotherm with constant values of 0.21-0.432, Langmuir isotherm with constant values of 0.037-0.17, Pseudo-fist-order, Pseudo-second-order, and intra-particle diffusion (IPD). In conclusion, co-immobilization between GXCR, GO and AC can make metal removal more efficient. Adsorption capacity is increased with SSAs but not in the same proportion. Single-metal adsorptions involve multiple mechanisms of monolayer and multilayer adsorptions, external mass transfer, and IPD. IPD is important but not the only one rate-controlling step for single-metal adsorptions.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Penicillium , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Compostos Férricos , Grafite , Cinética , Chumbo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 587, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and functional mitral regurgitation (MR), catheter ablation reduces the severity of MR and improves cardiac remodeling. However, its effects on prognosis are uncertain. METHODS: This retrospective study included 151 consecutive patients with AF and functional MR, 82 (54.3%) of whom were treated by catheter ablation (Ablation group) and 69 (45.7%) with drug therapy without ablation (Non-ablation group). Forty-three pairs of these patients were propensity matched on the basis of age, CHA2DS2-VASc scores, and left ventricular ejection fraction. The primary outcome evaluated was severity of MR, cardiac remodeling and the combined incidence of subsequent heart failure-related hospitalization and strokes/transient ischemic attacks. RESULTS: Patients in the Ablation group showed a significant decrease in the severity of MR (p < 0.001), a significant decrease in the left atrial diameter (p = 0.010), and significant improvement in the left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.015). However, patients in the Non-ablation group showed only a significant decrease in the severity of MR (p = 0.004). The annual incidence of the studied events was 4.9% in the Ablation group and 16.7% in the Non-ablation group, the incidence being significantly lower in the ablation than Non-ablation group (p = 0.026) according to Kaplan-Meier curve analyses. According to multivariate Cox regression analysis, catheter ablation therapy (hazard ratio [HR] 0.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.84; p = 0.024) and heart failure at baseline (HR 3.84, 95% CI 1.07-13.74; p = 0.038) were independent predictors of the incidence of the studied events. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with AF and functional MR, catheter ablation was associated with a significantly lower combined risk of heart failure-related hospitalization and stroke than in a matched cohort of patients receiving drug therapy alone.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Ablação por Cateter , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Antiarrítmicos/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
AoB Plants ; 13(5): plab048, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34567492

RESUMO

Flowering in maize (Zea mays) is influenced by photoperiod. The CO, CO-like/COL and TOC1 (CCT) domain protein-encoding genes in maize, ZmCCTs, are particularly important for photoperiod sensitivity. However, little is known about CCT protein-encoding gene number across plant species or among maize inbred lines. Therefore, we analysed CCT protein-encoding gene number across plant species, and characterized ZmCCTs in different inbred lines, including structural variations (SVs), copy number variations (CNVs), expression under stresses, dark-dark (DD) and dark-light (DL) cycles, interaction network and associations with maize quantitative trait loci (QTLs) by referring to the latest v4 genome data of B73. Gene number varied greatly across plant species, more in polyploids than in diploids. The numbers of ZmCCTs identified were 58 in B73, 59 in W22, 48 in Mo17, and 57 in Huangzao4 for temperate maize inbred lines, and 68 in tropical maize inbred line SK. Some ZmCCTs underwent duplications and presented chromosome collinearity. Structural variations and CNVs were found but they had no germplasm specificity. Forty-two ZmCCTs responded to stresses. Expression of 37 ZmCCTs in embryonic leaves during seed germination of maize under DD and DL cycles was roughly divided into five patterns of uphill pattern, downhill-pattern, zigzag-pattern, └-pattern and ⅃-pattern, indicating some of them have a potential to perceive dark and/or dark-light transition. Thirty-three ZmCCTs were co-expressed with 218 other maize genes; and 24 ZmCCTs were associated with known QTLs. The data presented in this study will help inform further functions of ZmCCTs.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(14): 6746-6759, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132026

RESUMO

Fibrosis serves a critical role in driving atrial remodelling-mediated atrial fibrillation (AF). Abnormal levels of the transcription factor PU.1, a key regulator of fibrosis, are associated with cardiac injury and dysfunction following acute viral myocarditis. However, the role of PU.1 in atrial fibrosis and vulnerability to AF remain unclear. Here, an in vivo atrial fibrosis model was developed by the continuous infusion of C57 mice with subcutaneous Ang-II, while the in vitro model comprised atrial fibroblasts that were isolated and cultured. The expression of PU.1 was significantly up-regulated in the Ang-II-induced group compared with the sham/control group in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, protein expression along the TGF-ß1/Smads pathway and the proliferation and differentiation of atrial fibroblasts induced by Ang-II were significantly higher in the Ang-II-induced group than in the sham/control group. These effects were attenuated by exposure to DB1976, a PU.1 inhibitor, both in vivo and in vitro. Importantly, in vitro treatment with small interfering RNA against Smad3 (key protein of TGF-ß1/Smads signalling pathway) diminished these Ang-II-mediated effects, and the si-Smad3-mediated effects were, in turn, antagonized by the addition of a PU.1-overexpression adenoviral vector. Finally, PU.1 inhibition reduced the atrial fibrosis induced by Ang-II and attenuated vulnerability to AF, at least in part through the TGF-ß1/Smads pathway. Overall, the study implicates PU.1 as a potential therapeutic target to inhibit Ang-II-induced atrial fibrosis and vulnerability to AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Transativadores/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/toxicidade , Animais , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Células Cultivadas , Fibrose , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Miofibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transativadores/metabolismo
6.
Clin Cardiol ; 43(12): 1511-1516, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although successful ablation of the accessory pathway (AP) eliminates atrial fibrillation (AF) in some of patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome and paroxysmal AF, in other patients it can recur. HYPOTHESIS: Whether adding pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) after successful AP ablation effectively prevents AF recurrence in patients with WPW syndrome is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 160 patients (102 men, 58 women; mean age, 46 ± 14 years) with WPW syndrome and paroxysmal AF who underwent AP ablation, namely 103 (64.4%) undergoing only AP ablation (AP group) and 57 (35.6%) undergoing AP ablation plus PVI (AP + PVI group). Advanced interatrial block (IAB) was defined as a P-wave duration of >120 ms and biphasic (±) morphology in the inferior leads, using 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 30.9 ± 9.2 months (range, 3-36 months), 22 patients (13.8%) developed AF recurrence. The recurrence rate did not differ in patients in the AP + PVI group and AP group (15.5% vs 10.5%, respectively; P = .373). Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses showed that PVI was not associated with the risk of AF recurrence (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.26-1.68; P = .380). In WPW patients with advanced IAB, the recurrence rate was lower in patients in the AP + PVI group vs the AP group (90% vs 33.3%, respectively; P = .032). CONCLUSIONS: PVI after successful AP ablation significantly reduced the AF recurrence rate in WPW patients with advanced IAB. Screening of a resting 12-lead ECG immediately after AP ablation helps identify patients in whom PVI is beneficial.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Fascículo Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/complicações , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/cirurgia
7.
Planta ; 252(1): 1, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504137

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Maize has a set of dark response genes, expression of which is influenced by multiple factor and varies with maize inbred lines but without germplasm specificity. The response to photoperiod is a common biological issue across the species kingdoms. Dark is as important as light in photoperiod. However, further in-depth understanding of responses of maize (Zea mays) to light and dark transition under photoperiod is hindered due to the lack of understanding of dark response genes. With multiple public "-omic" datasets of temperate and tropical/subtropical maize, 16 maize dark response genes, ZmDRGs, were found and had rhythmic expression under dark and light-dark cycle. ZmDRGs 6-8 were tandemly duplicated. ZmDRGs 2, 13, and 14 had a chromosomal collinearity with other maize genes. ZmDRGs 1-11 and 13-16 had copy-number variations. ZmDRGs 2, 9, and 16 showed 5'-end sequence deletion mutations. Some ZmDRGs had chromatin interactions and underwent DNA methylation and/or m6A mRNA methylation. Chromosomal histones associated with 15 ZmDRGs were methylated and acetylated. ZmDRGs 1, 2, 4, 9, and 13 involved photoperiodic phenotypes. ZmDRG16 was within flowering-related QTLs. ZmDRGs 1, 3, and 6-11 were present in cis-acting expression QTLs (eQTLs). ZmDRGs 1, 4, 6-9, 11, 12, and 14-16 showed co-expression with other maize genes. Some of ZmDRG-encoded ZmDRGs showed obvious differences in abundance and phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: Sixteen ZmDRGs 1-16 are associated with the dark response of maize. In the process of post-domestication and/or breeding, the ZmDRGs undergo the changes without germplasm specificity, including epigenetic modifications, gene copy numbers, chromatin interactions, and deletion mutations. In addition to effects by these factors, ZmDRG expression is influenced by promoter elements, cis-acting eQTLs, and co-expression networks.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Zea mays/genética , Ritmo Circadiano , Fotoperíodo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Zea mays/fisiologia , Zea mays/efeitos da radiação
8.
AoB Plants ; 11(6): plz075, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871614

RESUMO

Tubby-like proteins (TLPs) are ubiquitous in eukaryotes and function in abiotic stress tolerance of some plants. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a high-yield starch root crop and has a high tolerance to poor soil conditions and abiotic stress. However, little is known about TLP gene characteristics and their expression in cassava. We identified cassava TLP genes, MeTLPs, and further analysed structure, duplication, chromosome localization and collinearity, cis-acting elements in the promoter regions and expression patterns of MeTLPs, and three-dimensional structure of the encoded proteins MeTLPs. In conclusion, there is a MeTLP family containing 13 members, which are grouped into A and C subfamilies. There are 11 pairs of MeTLPs that show the duplication which took place between 10.11 and 126.69 million years ago. Two MeTLPs 6 and 9 likely originate from one gene in an ancestral species, may be common ancestors for other MeTLPs and would most likely not be eligible for ubiquitin-related protein degradation because their corresponding proteins (MeTLPs 6 and 9) have no the F-box domain in the N-terminus. MeTLPs feature differences in the number from TLPs in wheat, apple, Arabidopsis, poplar and maize, and are highlighted by segmental duplication but more importantly by the chromosomal collinearity with potato StTLPs. MeTLPs are at least related to abiotic stress tolerance in cassava. However, the subtle differences in function among MeTLPs are predictable partly because of their differential expression profiles, which are coupled with various cis­acting elements existing in the promoter regions depending on genes.

9.
Planta ; 250(5): 1621-1635, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399791

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Cassava AGPase and AGPase genes have some unique characteristics. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a rate-limiting enzyme for starch synthesis. In this study, cassava AGPase genes (MeAGP) were analyzed based on six cultivars and one wild species. A total of seven MeAGPs was identified, including four encoding AGPase large subunits (MeAGPLs 1, 2, 3 and 4) and three encoding AGPase small subunits (MeAGPSs 1, 2 and 3). The copy number of MeAGPs varied in cassava germplasm materials. There were 14 introns for MeAGPLs 1, 2 and 3, 13 introns for MeAGPL4, and 8 introns for other three MeAGPSs. Multiple conservative amino acid sequence motifs were found in the MeAGPs. There were differences in amino acids at binding sites of substrates and regulators among different MeAGP subunits and between MeAGPs and a potato AGPase small subunit (1YP2:B). MeAGPs were all located in chloroplasts. MeAGP expression was not only associated with gene copy number and types/combinations, regions and levels of the DNA methylation but was also affected by environmental factors with the involvement of various transcription factors in multiple regulation networks and in various cis-elements in the gene promoter regions. The MeAGP activity also changed with environmental conditions and had potential differences among the subunits. Taken together, MeAGPs differ in number from those of Arabidopsis, potato, maize, banana, sweet potato, and tomato.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Genoma de Planta/genética , Glucose-1-Fosfato Adenililtransferase/genética , Manihot/enzimologia , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Sítios de Ligação , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Manihot/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Subunidades Proteicas , Especificidade da Espécie , Amido/metabolismo
10.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently occurs in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Although successful ablation of the accessory pathway (AP) eliminates paroxysmal AF in some patients, in other patients it can recur. HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the clinical utility of advanced interatrial block (IAB) for predicting the risk of AF recurrence in patients with verified paroxysmal AF and WPW syndrome after successful AP ablation. METHODS: This retrospective study included 103 patients (70 men, 33 women; mean age, 44 ± 16 years) with WPW syndrome who had paroxysmal AF. A resting 12-lead electrocardiogram was performed immediately after successful AP ablation to evaluate the presence of advanced IAB, which was defined as a P-wave duration of >120 ms and biphasic [±] morphology in the inferior leads. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 30.9 ± 20.0 months (range, 2-71 months), 16 patients (15.5%) developed AF recurrence. Patients with advanced IAB had significantly reduced event-free survival from AF (P < .001). Cox regression analysis with adjustment for the left atrial diameter and CHA2 DS2 -VASc score identified advanced IAB (hazard ratio, 9.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.30-36.72; P = .002) and age > 50 years (hazard ratio, 12.64; 95% CI, 1.33-119.75; P = .027) as independent predictors of AF recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced IAB was an independent predictor of AF recurrence after successful AP ablation in patients with WPW syndrome.

11.
Int Heart J ; 59(6): 1261-1265, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369573

RESUMO

Interatrial block (IAB) is associated with a multitude of medical conditions. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke) score is positively associated with the development of IAB. A total of 1072 patients (men, 555; women, 517; mean age, 61 ± 14 years) were included in the study. P-wave duration was measured manually using a caliper. IAB was defined as a P-wave duration of ≥ 120 ms on a 12-lead electrocardiogram. CHADS2 scores were calculated retrospectively. Among the 1072 patients, the prevalence of IAB was 36.1% (387/1072). In multivariate analysis, increased CHADS2 score (odds ratio [OR], 1.810; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.577-2.077; P < 0.001), coronary artery disease (OR, 1.536; 95% CI, 1.065-2.216; P = 0.022), and increased left atrial diameter (OR, 1.039; 95% CI, 1.008-1.071; P = 0.013) were independently associated with IAB. The percentages of patients with IAB among those with a CHADS2 score of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were 20.6%, 33.0%, 45.0%, 55.9%, 61.9%, 77.8%, and 100%, respectively (P < 0.001). There was a greater percentage of patients with a CHADS2 score of ≥ 2 with IAB compared with a CHADS2 score of < 2 (26.5% vsrsus 52.0%; P < 0.001). In receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis, CHADS2 score (area under the curve, 0.670; 95% CI, 0.636-0.704; P < 0.001) was predictive of IAB. In conclusion, CHADS2 score was significantly associated with the development of IAB in this study population.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Bloqueio Interatrial/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Bloqueio Interatrial/etiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Exp Ther Med ; 15(2): 1959-1965, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29434790

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and apoptosis serve an essential role in cisplatin-induced cardiotoxicity, which limits its clinical use, and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. As a natural drug, the antioxidant and antitumor effects of cyanidin have been recognized, but its protective effect on cisplatin-induced cardiomyocyte cytotoxicity remains unclear. H9c2 cells were treated with cisplatin (1-40 µM) in the presence or absence of cyanidin (40-80 µM), subsequently; oxidative stress, apoptosis and mitochondrial function were assessed using several techniques. The results demonstrated that cyanidin was able to dose-dependently reverse cisplatin-induced cell damage and apoptosis, attenuate the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, downregulate the expression of Bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer, upregulate the expression of apoptosis regulator Bcl-2, and reduce the activation of caspase 3, caspase 9, but not caspase 8. Furthermore, the results revealed that the translocation of apoptosis regulator Bax (Bax) from the cytoplasm to the mitochondrial membrane serves an essential role in cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Cyanidin was able to block the translocation of Bax and reduce the release of cytochrome c from cytoplasm. These data indicate that cyanidin attenuates cisplatin-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting ROS-mediated apoptosis, while the mitochondrial and extracellular regulated kinase signaling pathways may also serve important roles.

13.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(3): 2335-2340, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28962164

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which is associated with the increased expression of adhesion molecules in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Cordycepin is one of the major bioactive components of Ophiocordyceps sinensis that has been demonstrated to exert anti-atherogenic activity; however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the in vitro effects of cordycepin on the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced suppression of adhesion molecule expression. The results of the present study demonstrated that cordycepin markedly inhibited the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in TNF-α-stimulated human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs). Cordycepin significantly inhibited the TNF-α-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and protein kinase B (Akt) activation (P<0.05), markedly inhibited the TNF-α-induced expression level of nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65 and markedly prevented the TNF-α-associated degradation of IκBα in HA-VSMCs. The results of the present study suggest that cordycepin inhibits the expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in TNF-α-stimulated HA-VSMCs via downregulating the MAPK/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, cordycepin may have a potential therapeutic application for preventing the advancement of atherosclerotic lesions.

14.
Mol Med Rep ; 16(5): 6354-6359, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28849173

RESUMO

Increased expression of adhesion molecules is thought to serve an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Myricitrin, a bioactive compound of Myrica cerifera, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti­atherogenic effects. However, the effect of myricitrin on the expression of adhesion molecules in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the inhibitory effects of myricitrin on tumor necrosis factor­α (TNF­α)­induced expression of adhesion molecules in VSMCs in vitro. The results revealed that myricitrin inhibited the adhesion of human THP­1 monocyte cells to TNF­α­stimulated mouse MOVAS­1 VSMC cells, and reduced the expression of adhesion molecules in TNF­α­stimulated MOVAS­1 cells. In addition, myricitrin significantly inhibited the TNF­α­induced expression of nuclear factor (NF)­κB p65, and prevented the TNF­α­induced degradation of nuclear factor of κ light chain enhancer in B­cells inhibitor α. Furthermore, myricitrin inhibited the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species in TNF­α­stimulated MOVAS­1 cells. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that myricitrin inhibits the expression of vascular cell adhesion protein­1 and intercellular adhesion molecule­1 in TNF­α­stimulated MOVAS­1 cells potentially via the NF­κB signaling pathway. Therefore, myricitrin may be an effective pharmacological agent for the prevention or treatment of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Camundongos , Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/citologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Myrica/química , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/genética , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células THP-1 , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/metabolismo
15.
Microbiologyopen ; 6(4)2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28488414

RESUMO

Filamentous fungi-copper (Cu) interactions are very important in the formation of natural ecosystems and the bioremediation of heavy metal pollution. However, important issues at the proteome level remain unclear. We compared six proteomes from Cu-resistant wild-type (WT) Penicillium janthinellum strain GXCR and a Cu-sensitive mutant (EC-6) under 0, 0.5, and 3 mmol/L Cu treatments using iTRAQ. A total of 495 known proteins were identified, and the following conclusions were drawn from the results: Cu tolerance depends on ATP generation and supply, which is relevant to glycolysis pathway activity; oxidative phosphorylation, the TCA cycle, gluconeogenesis, fatty acid synthesis, and metabolism are also affected by Cu; high Cu sensitivity is primarily due to an ATP energy deficit; among ATP generation pathways, Cu-sensitive and Cu-insensitive metabolic steps exist; gluconeogenesis pathway is crucial to the survival of fungi in Cu-containing and sugar-scarce environments; fungi change their proteomes via two routes (from ATP, ATP-dependent RNA helicases (ADRHs), and ribosome biogenesis to proteasomes and from ATP, ADRHs to spliceosomes and/or stress-adapted RNA degradosomes) to cope with changes in Cu concentrations; and unique routes exist through which fungi respond to high environmental Cu. Further, a general diagram of Cu-responsive paths and a model theory of high Cu are proposed at the proteome level. Our work not only provides the potential protein biomarkers that indicate Cu pollution and targets metabolic steps for engineering Cu-tolerant fungi during bioremediation but also presents clues for further insight into the heavy metal tolerance mechanisms of other eukaryotes.


Assuntos
Cobre/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Proteínas Fúngicas/análise , Penicillium/química , Penicillium/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteoma/análise , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Penicillium/metabolismo , Proteômica
16.
PLoS One ; 12(4): e0174003, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28399169

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the major staple food crops of the world. However, high photoperiod sensitivity, especially for tropical germplasms, impedes attempts to improve maize agronomical traits by integration of tropical and temperate maize germplasms. Physiological and phenotypic responses of maize to photoperiod have widely been investigated based on multi-site field observations; however, proteome-based responsive mechanisms under controlled photoperiod regimes, nutrient and moisture soils are not yet well understood. In the present study, we sequenced and analyzed six proteomes of tropically-adapted and photoperiod-sensitive M9 inbred line at the vegetative 3 stage and proteomes from tropically-adapted and photoperiod-sensitive Shuang M9 (SM9) inbred line at the vegetative-tasseling stage. All plants were grown in growth chambers with controlled soil and temperature and three photoperiod regimes, a short photoperiod (SP) of 10 h light/14 h dark, a control neutral photoperiod (NP) of 12 h light/12 h dark, and a long photoperiod (LP) of 16 h light/8 h dark for a daily cycle. We identified 4,395 proteins of which 401 and 425 differentially-expressed proteins (DPs) were found in abundance in M9 leaves and in SM9 leaves as per SP/LP vs. NP, respectively. Some DPs showed responses to both SP and LP while some only responded to either SP or LP, depending on M9 or SM9. Our study showed that the photoperiodic response pathway, circadian clock rhythm, and high light density/intensity crosstalk with each other, but apparently differ from dark signaling routes. Photoperiod response involves light-responsive or dark-responsive proteins or both. The DPs positioned on the signaling routes from photoperiod changes to RNA/DNA responses involve the mago nashi homolog and glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins. Moreover, the cell-to-cell movement of ZCN14 through plasmodesmata is likely blocked under a 16-h-light LP. Here, we propose a photoperiodic model based on our findings and those from previous studies.


Assuntos
Ambiente Controlado , Modelos Biológicos , Fotoperíodo , Proteoma , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/metabolismo , Cromatografia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Ontologia Genética , Inflorescência/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Inflorescência/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plasmodesmos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Especificidade da Espécie , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
17.
Yi Chuan ; 39(4): 302-312, 2017 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28420609

RESUMO

Stomata are small adjustable pores on the surface (epidermis) of land plants that act as a main conduit for gas exchange. They not only play an essential role in photosynthesis of green plants but also exert an important influence on the global carbon and water cycle. There are great differences between monocots and dicots in distribution and morphological structure of the stomata, affecting the species-specific regulation of stomatal development. In this review, we summarize the molecular regulation networks associated with stomatal precursor cell fate determination and the epigenetic mechanisms on regulation of polar cell division. We also outline the stomatal development processes mediated by crosstalk between exogenous and intrinsic signals, and propose a model of multilevel regulation of stomatal development.


Assuntos
Estômatos de Plantas/metabolismo , Transporte Proteico/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
18.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 24(2): 176-184, 2017 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27301462

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the role of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in predicting the risk of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) outcomes in patients with interatrial block (IAB) without a history of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, including 1,046 non-anticoagulated inpatients (612 males, 434 females; mean age: 63±10 years) with IAB and without AF. IAB was defined as P-wave duration >120 ms using a 12-lead electrocardiogram. CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores were retrospectively calculated. The primary outcomes evaluated were ischemic stroke or TIA. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 4.9±0.7 years, 55 (5.3%) patients had an ischemic stroke or TIA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the CHADS2 score [area under the curve (AUC), 0.638; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.562-0.715; P=0.001] and the CHA2DS2-VASc score (AUC, 0.671; 95% CI, 0.599-0.744; P<0.001) were predictive of ischemic strokes or TIA. Cut-off point analysis showed that a CHADS2 score ≥3 (sensitivity=0.455 and specificity=0.747) and a CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥4 (sensitivity=0.564 and specificity=0.700) provided the highest predictive value for ischemic stroke or TIA. The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CHADS2 [hazard ratio (HR), 1.442; 95% CI, 1.171-1.774; P=0.001] and CHA2DS2-VASc (HR, 1.420; 95% CI, 1.203-1.677; P<0.001) scores were independently associated with ischemic stroke or TIA following adjustment for smoking, left atrial diameter, antiplatelet agents, angiotensin inhibitors, and statins. CONCLUSIONS: CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores may be predictors of risk of ischemic stroke or TIA in patients with IAB without AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Bloqueio Cardíaco/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Idoso , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Sci Rep ; 6: 36546, 2016 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27848987

RESUMO

The biomass of filamentous fungi is an important cost-effective biomass for heavy metal biosorption. However, use of free fungal cells can cause difficulties in the separation of biomass from the effluent. In this study, we immobilized the living conidia of the heavy metal-resistant Penicillium janthinillum strain GXCR by polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-sodium alginate (SA) beads to remove heavy metals from an aqueous solution containing a low concentration (70 mg/L) of Cu, Pb, and Cd. The PVA-SA-conidia beads showed perfect characters of appropriate mechanical strength suitable for metal removal from the dynamic wastewater environment, an ideal settleability, easy separation from the solution, and a high metal biosorption and removal rate even after four cycles of successive sorption-desorption of the beads, overcoming disadvantages when fungal biomasses alone are used for heavy metal removal from wastewater. We also discuss the major biosorption-affecting factors, biosorption models, and biosorption mechanisms.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Metais Pesados/química , Penicillium/química , Esporos Fúngicos/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Penicillium/fisiologia
20.
Int Heart J ; 57(5): 580-5, 2016 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27593538

RESUMO

Interatrial block (IAB) is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the association of a combination of IAB and the CHADS2 score, an AF-related risk score for ischemic stroke, with new onset AF in patients in sinus rhythm. A total of 1,571 patients (803 males, 768 females; mean age: 58 ± 16 years) were included in this study. IAB was defined as a P-wave duration > 120 ms in the 12-lead electrocardiogram, and a high CHADS2 score as ≥ 2 points. During the mean follow-up period of 4.8 ± 0.7 years, new onset AF occurred in 122 patients (16.1 per 1,000 patient-years). The incidence of new onset AF was 4.0 per 1,000 patient-years in patients with no IAB and a low CHADS2 score, and 44.0 per 1,000 patient-years in patients with IAB and a high CHADS2 score. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, the hazard ratio for IAB and a high CHADS2 score compared with no IAB and a low CHADS2 score was 12.18 (95% confidence interval: 6.22-23.87, P < 0.001), after adjustment for age, sex, coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, smoking, medications, and echocardiographic parameters. In conclusion, IAB and a high CHADS2 score independently and synergistically predict new onset AF in patients in sinus rhythm, indicating an approximately 12-fold higher risk in patients with both IAB and a high CHADS2 score. Patients meeting these criteria should have more aggressive early intervention to prevent AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Função Atrial/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
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