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2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160292, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414049

RESUMO

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is widely used in aquatic systems to control the environmental fate of As. However, similar to the behavior of As, Sb mobilization driven by DOM is poorly understood. A total of 25 samples were collected from shallow groundwater in the Xikuangshan mine to compare the spectroscopic characteristics and chemical properties of DOM between high- and low-Sb groundwater and to determine the roles of DOM in Sb mobility. The concentrations of Sb and DOM varied from 0.003 to 18.402 mg/L (mean: 3.407 mg/L) and 0.38 to 9.90 mg/L (mean: 2.49 mg/L), respectively. The DOM of the D3x4 water was primarily dominated by terrestrial and microbial humic-like and fulvic acid substances, with a relatively small contribution of tryptophan-like components. Complexing agents, competitive adsorption, and photopromoted oxidation under sunlight were considered as the formation mechanisms for DOM-controlled Sb(V)-dominated Sb species in D3x4 water. The weakly alkaline and oxidizing conditions, and the presence of Fe hydroxides facilitated the promotion of Sb(V) concentration. The findings of this study further enhance our understanding of the Sb migration mechanism in oxic groundwater.

3.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277541, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors often experience impaired mobility and physical functions. Tai Chi and Qigong have been shown to have physical and psychological benefits for stroke patients. PURPOSE: To summarize the evidence on Tai Chi and Qigong for improving mobility in stroke survivors, specifically the ability to walk, dynamic balance, and activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: Independent searches of 16 electronic databases in English, Korean, and Chinese from their inception until December 2021 were conducted by two research teams. Methodological quality was assessed using Cochrane's risk of bias tool 2.0. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3.0 software was used to calculate effect sizes with subgroup analysis and to assess heterogeneity and publication bias. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 27 randomized trials (18 with Tai Chi and 9 with Qigong) on stroke survivors (N = 1,919). None of the studies were considered at high risk of bias, about 70% had some concerns, and 30% were considered low risk. Meta-analysis of 27 randomized controlled trials with random-effects models indicated that Tai Chi and Qigong effectively improved mobility, specifically on the ability to walk (Hedges'g = 0.81), dynamic balance (Hedges'g = 1.04), and ADL (Hedges'g = 0.43). The effects of Tai Chi and Qigong were significant for short-term and long-term programs (Hedges'g 0.91 vs. 0.75), and when compared with active controls and no treatment group (Hedges'g 0.81 vs. 0.73). CONCLUSION: Tai Chi and Qigong performed for 12 weeks or less were effective in improving the mobility of stroke survivors. Further studies are warranted to assess whether Tai Chi and Qigong work best as an adjunct to rehabilitation, an effective alternative to rehabilitation or as a maintenance strategy, and whether the results could be further optimized by assessing different schools of Tai Chi and Qigong, different types of stroke patients, and different points in the post-stroke recovery process. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: This study has been registered on the UK National Institute for Health Research (http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO) PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020220277.


Assuntos
Qigong , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tai Chi Chuan , Humanos , Atividades Cotidianas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sobreviventes , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
4.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 931, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344505

RESUMO

A low response rate to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy has impeded its clinical use. As reported previously, an inflamed tumor microenvironment (TME) was directly correlated with patients' response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Thus, restoring the cytotoxic effect of immune cells in the TME is a promising way to improve the efficacy of ICB and overcome primary resistance to immunotherapy. The effect of Pseudomonas aeruginosa mannose-sensitive-hemagglutinin (PA-MSHA) in facilitating T cell activation was determined in vitro and in vivo. Subsets of immune cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Proteomics was carried out to comprehensively analyze the discriminated cellular kinases and transcription factors. The combinational efficacy of PA-MSHA and αPD-1 therapy was studied in vivo. In this study we demonstrated that PA-MSHA, which is a clinically used immune adjuvant, effectively induced the anti-tumor immune response and suppressed the growth of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. PA-MSHA showed great potential to sensitize refractory "cold" tumors to immunotherapy. It effectively enhanced macrophage M1 polarization and induced T cell activation. In vivo, in combination with αPD-1, PA-MSHA suppressed tumor growth and prolonged the survival time of allograft model mice. These results indicate that PA-MSHA is a potent agent to stimulate immune cells infiltration into the TME and consequently induces inflammation in tumors. The combination of PA-MSHA with αPD-1 is a potential strategy to enhance the clinical response rate to ICI therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Camundongos , Animais , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
5.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 971690, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438108

RESUMO

Plants exhibit plasticity in response to various external conditions, characterized by changes in physiological and morphological features. Although being non-negligible, compared to the other environmental factors, the effect of wind on plant growth is less extensively studied, either experimentally or computationally. This study aims to propose a modeling approach that can simulate the impact of wind on plant growth, which brings a biomechanical feedback to growth and biomass distribution into a functional-structural plant model (FSPM). Tree reaction to the wind is simulated based on the hypothesis that plants tend to fit in the environment best. This is interpreted as an optimization problem of finding the best growth-regulation sink parameter giving the maximal plant fitness (usually seed weight, but expressed as plant biomass and size). To test this hypothesis in silico, a functional-structural plant model, which simulates both the primary and secondary growth of stems, is coupled with a biomechanical model which computes forces, moments of forces, and breakage location in stems caused by both wind and self-weight increment during plant growth. The Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II) is adopted to maximize the multi-objective function (stem biomass and tree height) by determining the key parameter value controlling the biomass allocation to the secondary growth. The digital trees show considerable phenotypic plasticity under different wind speeds, whose behavior, as an emergent property, is in accordance with experimental results from works of literature: the height and leaf area of individual trees decreased with wind speed, and the diameter at the breast height (DBH) increased at low-speed wind but declined at higher-speed wind. Stronger wind results in a smaller tree. Such response of trees to the wind is realistically simulated, giving a deeper understanding of tree behavior. The result shows that the challenging task of modeling plant plasticity may be solved by optimizing the plant fitness function. Adding a biomechanical model enriches FSPMs and opens a wider application of plant models.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; 368: 128336, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403912

RESUMO

The bio-denitrification was usually retarded by the unbalance of electron generation and consumption. In this study, mixing S. oneidensis MR-1 with denitrifying microbial community increased the nitrogen removal rate by 74.74 % via the interspecies electron transfer (IET), and reduced the accumulated nitrite from 9.90 ± 0.81 to 0.02 ± 0.03 mg/L. Enhanced denitrification still appeared but relatively decreased, when S. oneidensis MR-1 was separated by a dialysis bag (MW < 3000), indicating mediated interspecies electron transfer (MIET) counted in IET. The results of electron transfer activity and sludge conductivity suggested DIET and MIET jointly transfer electrons from MR-1 to electroactive denitrifying bacteria (EDB), improving denitrifying reductase activities. Electron distribution among denitrifying reductases was found to be associated with the IET rate. Microbial insights showed the total abundance of EDB was increased, and denitrifying genes were correspondingly enriched. Pseudomonas was found to cooperate with exoelectrogens in a complicated microbial community.

7.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-53, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408648

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation and T cell dysregulation persist in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), even after successful antiretroviral treatment. The mechanism involved is not fully understood. Here, we used Olink proteomics to comprehensively analyze the aberrant inflammation-related proteins (IRPs) in chronic HIV-1-infected individuals, including in 24 treatment-naïve individuals, 33 immunological responders, and 38 immunological non-responders. T cell dysfunction was evaluated as T cell exhaustion, activation, and differentiation using flow cytometry. We identified a cluster of IRPs (cluster 7), including CXCL11, CXCL9, TNF, CXCL10, and IL18, which was closely associated with T cell dysregulation during chronic HIV-1 infection. Interestingly, IRPs in cluster 5, including ST1A1, CASP8, SIRT2, AXIN1, STAMBP, CD40, and IL7, were negatively correlated with the HIV-1 reservoir size. We also identified a combination of CDCP1, CXCL11, CST5, SLAMF1, TRANCE, and CD5, which may be useful for distinguishing immunological responders and immunological non-responders. In conclusion, the distinct inflammatory milieu is closely associated with immune restoration of T cells, and our results provide insight into immune dysregulation during chronic HIV-1 infection.

8.
Front Surg ; 9: 998590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329976

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the clinical value of ultrasound (US)-guided intervention for frozen shoulder (FS) in the frozen stage. Methods: This study included 40 patients who had primary FS in the frozen stage and were evaluated by US. These 40 patients have all received conservative treatment elsewhere, and no satisfactory results have been achieved, with no improvement in active and passive movement angles, and no improvement in scores within 3 months. Therefore, their previous treatment was set as comparison. All patients underwent US-guided shoulder joint capsule distension by injection of sterilized water. Of these participants, 22 patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis received a compound betamethasone injection, and 14 patients with thickened coracohumeral ligaments (CHLs) underwent acupotomy lysis, and the remaining 4 patients had no extra treatments. The Constant-Murley score (CMS) was evaluated before and after the operation and analysed for each patient. Results: Before treatment, the indices for the thickening of the subaxillary joint capsule, subacromial bursa (with or without effusion), long head of the biceps brachii tendon (LHBBT) and CHL were 40, 22, 16 and 14, respectively. After treatment, all the indices were significantly decreased (all P < 0.010) except for that of the LHBBT (P = 0.123). The patients' CMSs improved, with the median total CMS increasing from 59 points (interquartile range: 53-64 points) to 86 points (interquartile range: 78-90 points) (P < 0.010). While the internal rotation (Ir) of the shoulder joint did not improve (FDRs < 0.50), abduction, forward flexion (Ff) and external rotation (Er) improved significantly (all FDRs = 1.00). Conclusion: Compared with conservative treatment, US-guided intervention for FS in the frozen stage is highly effective and of great clinical value.

9.
Transl Res ; 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384204

RESUMO

Cell inflammation and death are closely linked processes contributing to endothelial dysfunction, which plays a critical role in atherogenesis. Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome causes pyroptosis, the Gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated inflammatory cell death. The non-canonical NF-κB pathway has been implicated in inflammation; however, its role in NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated endothelial dysfunction has not been investigated. This study investigated a role for the non-canonical NF-κB pathway in regulating endothelial pyroptosis as it relates to atherogenesis. Immunohistochemistry indicated inflammasome activation in the endothelial cells (EC) of human atherosclerotic arteries. Flow cytometry and Western blot analysis revealed that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) activated the NLRP3 inflammasome, concomitant with the activation of non-canonical NF-κB in primary human aortic EC. Interference of NF-κB inducing kinase (NIK), the key regulator of the non-canonical pathway, significantly attenuated oxLDL- or LPS/ATP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, pyroptosis, IL-1ß, and IL-18 secretion. In contrast, overexpression of NIK exacerbated these responses. Chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that activation of the non-canonical NF-κB pathway upregulated the transcription factor IRF-1 through RelB/p52 binding to its promoter region at -782/-770. In addition to the known target CASP1, RNA sequencing further identified GSDMD as a target gene of IRF-1. IRF-1 but not RelB/p52 interacted with the GSDMD promoter at -526/-515 and the CASP1 promoter at -11/10 to promote the expression and CASP1-mediated activation of GSDMD. Consistent with the observations in cultured endothelium, endothelial-specific deficiency of NIK or IRF-1 attenuated atherosclerosis in high-fat diet-fed Apoe-null mice. These data demonstrate that the non-canonical NF-κB pathway contributes to NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated endothelial pyroptosis and the development of atherosclerosis through GSDMD activation in a manner dependent on IRF-1. Further investigation may facilitate the identification of specific therapeutic targets for atherosclerotic heart diseases.

10.
Cancer Res ; 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36197797

RESUMO

Lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2) is a member of the scavenger-receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) repeat carrying LOX family. Although LOXL2 is suspected to be involved in histone association and chromatin modification, the role of LOXL2 in epigenetic regulation during tumorigenesis and cancer progression remains unclear. Here, we report that nuclear LOXL2 associates with histone H3 and catalyzes H3K36ac deacetylation and deacetylimination. Both the N-terminal SRCR repeats and the C-terminal catalytic domain of LOXL2 carry redundant deacetylase catalytic activity. Overexpression of LOXL2 markedly reduced H3K36 acetylation and blocked H3K36ac-dependent transcription of genes, including c-MYC, CCND1, HIF1A, and CD44. Consequently, LOXL2 overexpression reduced cancer cell proliferation in vitro and inhibited xenograft tumor growth in vivo. In contrast, LOXL2 deficiency resulted in increased H3K36 acetylation and aberrant expression of H3K36ac-dependent genes involved in multiple oncogenic signaling pathways. Female LOXL2 deficient mice spontaneously developed uterine hypertrophy and uterine carcinoma. Moreover, silencing LOXL2 in cancer cells enhanced tumor progression and reduced the efficacy of cisplatin and anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) combination therapy. Clinically, low nuclear LOXL2 expression and high H3K36ac levels corresponded to poor prognosis in uterine endometrial carcinoma patients. These results suggest that nuclear LOXL2 restricts cancer development in the female reproductive system via regulation of H3K36ac deacetylation.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 993239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249748

RESUMO

Background: Dexmedetomidine and remifentanil are well known to suppress airway reflex during emergence from anesthesia, but which one is more effective is unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil on reducing the occurrence of coughing. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials (published between 1 January 1950, and 30 December 2021; no language restrictions) comparing dexmedetomidine infusion with remifentanil infusion. The primary endpoint was the incidence of moderate to severe coughing during the recovery period. The secondary endpoints were the time of recovery and extubation, and residual sedation. We assessed pooled data by using a random-effects model. Results: Eight studies with 502 participants were included. The meta-analysis showed no statistically difference between dexmedetomidine and remifentanil in the occurrence of moderate to severe coughing during emergence from anesthesia (OR 1.45,95%CI 0.62-3.38), the extubation time (MD 0.93 min, 95%CI -0.28-2.14), and the residual sedation (OR 2.52, 95%CI 0.92-6.91). Compared with dexmedetomidine, the average recovery time of remifentanil was shorter (MD 3.88 min, 95%CI 1.01-6.75). Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine and remifentanil infusion had no difference in the occurrence of moderate to severe coughing during emergence from anesthesia. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/, identifier CRD42021239710.

12.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(10)2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36292640

RESUMO

The Forkhead-box (FOX) transcription factors, as one of the largest gene families in humans, play key roles in cancer. Although studies have suggested that several FOX transcription factors have a significant impact on cancer, the functions of most of the FOX genes in cancer remain elusive. In the study, the expression of 43 FOX genes in 63 kinds of cancer diseases (including many subtypes of same cancer) and in response to 60 chemical substances was obtained from the Gene Expression Atlas database of the European Bioinformatics Institute. Based on the high degree of overlap in FOXO family members differentially expressed in various cancers and their particular responses to chemotherapeutic drugs, our data disclosed the FOX genes that played an important role in the development and progression of cancer. More importantly, we predicted the role of one or several combinatorial FOX genes in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of a specific cancer and evaluated the potential of a certain anticancer drug therapy for this type of cancer by integrating patterns of FOX genes expression with anticancer drugs sensitivity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Prognóstico
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(41): e31027, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254028

RESUMO

Pleural effusion (PE) is a common manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) and malignant tumors but tuberculous PE (TPE) is difficult to distinguish from malignant PE (MPE), especially by noninvasive detection indicators. This study aimed to find effective detection indices in blood and PE for differentiating TB from a malignant tumor. A total of 815 patients who were diagnosed with TB or cancer in Hubei Shiyan Taihe Hospital from 2014 to 2017 were collected. Amongst them, 717 were found to have PE by thoracoscopy. Clinical characteristics, patients' blood parameters and PE indicator information were summarized for analysis. Patients with MPE had higher percentages to be bloody and negative of Rivalta test in PE than those with TPE. For clinical indicators, comparison of the specific parameters in blood showed that 18 indicators were higher in the TPE group than in the MPE group. By contrast, 12 indicators were higher in the MPE group than in the TPE group (P < .01). In addition, in PE tests, 3 parameters were higher in the TPE group, whereas other 4 parameters were higher in the MPE group (P < .01). Then, for clinical diagnosing practice, ROC analysis and principal component analysis were applied. The top 6 relevant indicators with area under curve over 0.70 were screened out as follows: hydrothorax adenosine dehydrogenase (pADA, 0.90), hydrothorax high-sensitivity C reactive protein (0.79), percentage of blood monocyte (sMONp, 0.75), blood high-sensitivity C reactive protein (sHsCRP, 0.73), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (0.71) and blood D-dimer (0.70). Moreover, logistic regression model revealed that a specific combination of 3 biomarkers, namely, pADA, sMONp and sHsCRP, could enhance the distinguishment of TB from malignant tumor with PE (area under curve = 0.944, 95% confidence interval = 0.925-0.964). The diagnostic function of the top single marker pADA in patients from different groups was analyzed and it was found to maintain high specificity and sensitivity. The 6 indicators, namely, pADA, hydrothorax high-sensitivity C reactive protein, sMONp, sHsCRP, sESR and blood D-dimer, showed significant diagnostic value for clinicians. Further, the combination of pADA, sMONp and sHsCRP has high accuracy for differential diagnosis for the first time. Most interestingly, the single marker pADA maintained high specificity and sensitivity in patients with different statuses and thus has great value for rapid and accurate diagnosis of suspected cases.


Assuntos
Hidrotórax , Derrame Pleural Maligno , Derrame Pleural , Tuberculose Pleural , Tuberculose , Adenosina , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proteína C-Reativa , Humanos , Oxirredutases , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico
14.
Pharmacol Res ; 186: 106514, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252771

RESUMO

Multiple drug resistance (MDR) is the major obstacle for both chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapy for cancer, which is mainly caused by overexpression of ABC transporters or genetic mutation of drug targets. Based on previous studies, we hypothesized that ROS/Nrf2 is the common target for overcoming acquired drug resistance to both targeted therapy and chemotherapy treatments. In this study, we firstly proved that the levels of ROS and Nrf2 were remarkably up-regulated in both H1975 (Gefitinib-resistant lung cancer cells with T790M) and A549/T (paclitaxel-resistant) cells, which is consistent with the clinical database analysis results of lung cancer patients that Nrf2 expression level is negatively related to survival rate. Nrf2 Knockdown with siRNA or tangeretin (TG, a flavonoid isolated from citrus peels) inhibited the MDR cell growth by suppressing the Nrf2 pathway, and efficiently enhanced the anti-tumor effects of paclitaxel and AZD9291 (the third generation of TKI) in A549/T or H1975, respectively. Moreover, TG sensitized A549/T cells-derived xenografts to paclitaxel via inhibiting Nrf2 and its downstream target P-gp, leading to an increased paclitaxel concentration in tumors. Collectively, targeting Nrf2 to enhance ROS may be a common target for overcoming the acquired drug resistance and enhancing the therapeutic effects of chemotherapy and molecular-targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mutação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos
15.
Front Nutr ; 9: 988628, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185665

RESUMO

Chickpeas are the third largest bean in the world and are rich in protein. In this study, chickpea peptides were prepared by the enzyme-bacteria synergy method. Taking the peptide yield as the index, we first screened 8 strains suitable for the fermentation of chickpea peptides from 16 strains, carried out sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and then screened 4 strains with the best decomposition effect of chickpea protein. The molecular weight, amino acid content, and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of the chickpea peptides fermented by these four strains were detected. Finally, the strains with the best α-glucosidase inhibitory activity were obtained, and the inhibitory activities of the different molecular weight components of the chickpea peptides fermented by the strains with the best α-glucosidase inhibitory were detected. It was found that Bifidobacterium species had the best fermentation effect, and the highest peptide yield was 52.99 ± 0.88%. Lactobacillus thermophilus had the worst fermentation effect, and the highest peptide yield was 43.22 ± 0.47%. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed that Bifidobacterium species, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and Lactobacillus paracasei have a better effect on the decomposition of chickpea protein in the fermentation process, and the molecular weight of their fermented peptides is basically below 20 KDa. Among the four strains, the α-glycosidase inhibition of chickpea peptide fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus was the best, which was 58.22 ± 1.10% when the peptide concentration was 5.0 mg/ml. In chickpea peptide fermented by Lactobacillus acidophilus, the influence of molecular weight on the inhibitory activity is not obvious when the molecular weight is <10 kD, and the molecular weight range of the best inhibitory effect is 3-10 kD, and the inhibitory rate of α-glucosidase is 37 ± 1.32% at 2.0 mg/ml. This study provides a theoretical basis for the study of a new preparation method for chickpea peptide and its hypoglycemic effect.

16.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is important to identify language deficit and recovery in the week following a tumor resection procedure. The homotopic Broca's area and the superior longitudinal fasciculus in the right hemisphere participate in language functional compensation. However, the nodes in these structures, as well as their contributions to language rehabilitation, remain unknown. In this study, the authors investigated the association of homotopic areas in the right hemisphere with language deficit. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 50 right-handed patients with left hemispheric lower-grade glioma that had been surgically treated between June 2020 and May 2022. The patients were divided into normal and aphasia groups based on their postoperative aphasia quotient (AQ) from the Western Aphasia Battery. Preoperative (within 24 hours before surgery) and postoperative (7 days after tumor resection) diffusion tensor images were used to reveal alterations of structural networks by using graphic theory analysis. The shortest distance between the glioma and the nodes belonging to the language network (SDTN) was quantitatively assessed. Pearson's correlation and causal mediation analyses were used to identify correlations and mediator factors among SDTN, topological properties, and AQs. RESULTS: Postoperative nodal local efficiency of the node dorsal Brodmann area (BA) 44 (A44d; p = 0.0330), nodal clustering coefficient of the nodes A44d (p = 0.0402) and dorsal lateral BA6 (A6dl; p = 0.0097), and nodal degree centrality (p = 0.0058) of the node medial BA7 (A7m) were higher in the normal group than in the aphasia group. SDTN was positively correlated with postoperative AQ (r = 0.457, p = 0.0009) and ΔAQ (r = 0.588, p < 0.0001). The nodal local efficiency of node A44d and the nodal efficiency, nodal betweenness centrality, and degree centrality of node A7m were mediators of SDTN and postoperative AQs. CONCLUSIONS: The decreased ability of nodes A44d, A6dl, and A7m to convey information in the right hemisphere was associated with short-term language deficits after tumor resection. A smaller SDTN induced a worsened postoperative language deficit through a significant decrease in the ability to convey information from these three nodes.

17.
J Aging Phys Act ; : 1-8, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261121

RESUMO

The Assessment of Physical Activity in Frail Older People (APAFOP) is a patient-reported outcome measure assessing physical activity among community-dwelling older adults. However, this instrument has not been verified in the Chinese context. Thus, we translated the APAFOP into Chinese and then linguistically validated the Chinese version of APAFOP (APAFOP-C) by following the guidelines developed by Beaton and Willis. The translation process took 6 months. We identified nine translation issues in the translation process, of which experiential equivalence issues were the most frequent. It took three rounds of cognitive interviews to achieve linguistic validity, and the most significant issues were related to the layout of the questionnaire identified during the cognitive interview. In conclusion, the items of the APAFOP-C were considered comprehensive and relevant to assessing the physical activities of frail older adults in China. This study has laid the foundation for future evaluation of its measurement properties.

18.
Theor Appl Genet ; 135(10): 3643-3660, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057866

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Rht22 was fine mapped in the interval of 0.53-1.48 Mb on 7AS, which reduces cell number of internode to cause semi-dwarfism in Jianyangailanmai. As a valuable germplasm resource for wheat genetic improvement, tetraploid wheat has several reduced height (Rht) and enhanced harvest index genes. Rht22, discovered in Jianyangailanmai (JAM, Triticum turgidum L., 2n = 4x = 28, AABB), significantly increases the spikelet number per spike, but its accurate chromosomal position is still unknown. In this study, a high-density genetic map was constructed using specific-length amplified fragment sequencing in an F7 RIL_DJ population, which was derived from a cross between dwarf Polish wheat (T. polonicum L., 2n = 4x = 28, AABB) and JAM. Two plant height loci, Qph.sicau-4B and Qph.sicau-7A, were mapped on chromosomes 4BS and 7AS, respectively. Qph.sicau-7A was mapped to the 0.33-4.46 Mb interval on 7AS and likely represents the candidate region of Rht22. Fine mapping confirmed and narrowed Rht22 on chromosome arm 7AS between Xbag295.s53 and Xb295.191 in three different populations. The physical region ranged from 0.53 to 1.48 Mb and included 18 candidate genes. Transcriptome analysis of two pairs of near-isogenic lines revealed that 135 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were associated with semi-dwarfism. Of these, the expression of 83 annotated DEGs involved in hormones synthesis and signal transduction, cell wall composition, DNA replication, microtubule and phragmoplast arrays was significantly down-regulated in the semi-dwarf line. Therefore, Rht22 causes semi-dwarfism in JAM by disrupting these cellular processes, which impairs cell proliferation and reduces internode cell number.


Assuntos
Nanismo , Triticum , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Nanismo/genética , Hormônios , Fenótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Tetraploidia , Triticum/genética
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 184: 106454, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115525

RESUMO

Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cells have changed the therapeutic landscape of hematological malignancies with overwhelming success. The clinical success of CAR T-cell therapy in hematologic malignancies has fueled interest in exploring the technology in solid tumors. However, the treatment of solid tumors presents a unique set of challenges compared to hematological tumors. The biggest impediments to the success of CAR T cell treatment are the paucity of tumor-specific antigens that are produced selectively and uniformly and the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. To overcome these significant challenges, nanotechnology has been involved to improve the efficacy of CAR-T cells. In this review, we systematically introduced the components of different generations of CARs and summarized recent innovations in nano-based CAR-T cell therapy to conquer therapeutically resistant non-hematologic malignancies, including mRNA and hydrogel-based CAR T cells delivery, photothermal-remodeling, and tumor microenvironment-based CAR T cell therapy. These nanotechnologies remarkably facilitate in vivo generation of CAR T cells and hold promise as a therapeutic platform to treat solid tumors and even other diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Neoplasias , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Nanotecnologia , Neoplasias/patologia , RNA Mensageiro , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142197

RESUMO

Powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici is a devastating disease that reduces wheat yield and quality worldwide. The exploration and utilization of new resistance genes from wild wheat relatives is the most effective strategy against this disease. Psathyrostachys huashanica Keng f. ex P. C. Kuo (2n = 2x = 14, NsNs) is an important tertiary gene donor with multiple valuable traits for wheat genetic improvement, especially disease resistance. In this study, we developed and identified a new wheat-P. huashanica disomic addition line, 18-1-5-derived from a cross between P. huashanica and common wheat lines Chinese Spring and CSph2b. Sequential genomic and multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses revealed that 18-1-5 harbored 21 pairs of wheat chromosomes plus a pair of alien Ns chromosomes. Non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization and molecular marker analyses further demonstrated that the alien chromosomes were derived from chromosome 7Ns of P. huashanica. The assessment of powdery mildew response revealed that line 18-1-5 was highly resistant at the adult stage to powdery mildew pathogens prevalent in China. The evaluation of agronomic traits indicated that 18-1-5 had a significantly reduced plant height and an increased kernel length compared with its wheat parents. Using genotyping-by-sequencing technology, we developed 118 PCR-based markers specifically for chromosome 7Ns of P. huashanica and found that 26 of these markers could be used to distinguish the genomes of P. huashanica and other wheat-related species. Line 18-1-5 can therefore serve as a promising bridging parent for wheat disease resistance breeding. These markers should be conducive for the rapid, precise detection of P. huashanica chromosomes and chromosomal segments carrying Pm resistance gene(s) during marker-assisted breeding and for the investigation of genetic differences and phylogenetic relationships among diverse Ns genomes and other closely related ones.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença , Triticum , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Erysiphe , Hibridização Genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Filogenia , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Poaceae/genética , Triticum/genética
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