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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(9): 831-838, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645148

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors of early enteral nutrition intolerance in extremely severe burn patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. From January 2018 to December 2020, seventy-six adult patients with extremely severe burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Hwa Mei Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, including 55 males and 21 females, aged (45±11) years with burns of 62% (52%, 82%) total body surface area. Depending on the patient's tolerance to early enteral nutrition, they were divided into tolerance group (47 patients) and intolerance group (29 patients), and their clinical data were statistically analyzed, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), underlying disease, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI) score, implementation of mechanical ventilation on the day of admission, stable shock state, vomiting before feeding. The following data were recorded including the onset time, duration length, and frequency of enteral nutrition intolerance of patients in intolerance group, and the number of operations, the length of hospitalization, the occurrence of sepsis within 2 weeks after injury, the outcome, as well as the serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), albumin, fasting blood glucose, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) on post burn day (PBD) 1, 5, 9, and 13 of patients in the two groups. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and chi-square test to screen the related factors of early enteral nutrition intolerance of the patients. Binary univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the independent risk factors of early enteral nutrition intolerance of the patients. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in age, sex, BMI, and percentage of underlying disease of patients between the two groups (P>0.05). The total burn area, full-thickness burn area, ABSI score, mechanical ventilation percentage on the day of admission, percentage of unstable shock period, percentage of vomiting before feeding of patients in intolerance group were significantly higher than those in tolerance group (Z=-4.559, -3.378, -4.067, χ2=18.375, 23.319, 8.339, P<0.01). In intolerance group, the onset time of intolerance was (9±4) d after injury, and the duration length was 4 (2, 6) d, with a total of 46 times occurred. Compared with tolerance group, the percentage of sepsis and mortality of patients in intolerance group were significantly higher within 2 weeks after injury (χ2=16.571, 12.665, P<0.01). The number of operation and length of hospitalization of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05); however the length of hospitalization of patients in the intolerance group was significantly more than that in tolerance group after excluding the death cases (Z=-2.266, P<0.05). On PBD 1, the level of fasting blood glucose and AST of patients in intolerance group were significantly higher than those in tolerance group (t=3.070, Z=-3.070, P<0.01). On PBD 5, the levels of hs-CRP, albumin, fasting blood-glucose, ALT, AST, and γ-GT of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). On PBD 9, the level of hs-CRP of patients in intolerance group was significantly higher than that in tolerance group (t=2.836, P<0.01), and the levels of ALT and γ-GT of patients in intolerance group were significantly lower than those in tolerance group (Z=-3.932, -2.052, P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PBD 13, the level of hs-CRP of patients in intolerance group was significantly higher than that in tolerance group (t=3.794, P<0.01), and the levels of fasting blood glucose, ALT, and γ-GT of patients in intolerance group were significantly lower than those in tolerance group (t=-2.176, Z=-2.945, -2.250, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Binary univariate logistic regression analysis showed that total burn area, full-thickness burn area, ABSI score, implementation of mechanical ventilation on the day of admission, unstable shock period, vomiting before feeding, and fasting blood-glucose on PBD 1 of patients were related to early enteral nutrition intolerance (odds ratio=1.086, 1.052, 1.775, 9.167, 12.797, 10.125, 1.249, 95% confidence interval=1.045-1.129, 1.019-1.085, 1.320-2.387, 3.132-26.829, 4.199-39.000, 2.003-51.172, 1.066-1.464, P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the large total burn area, unstable shock period, vomiting before feeding, and high fasting blood-glucose on PBD 1 of patients were the independent risk factors of early enteral nutrition intolerance in patients (odds ratio=1.073, 6.390, 9.004, 1.246, 95% confidence interval=1.021-1.128, 1.527-26.734, 1.134-71.496, 1.007-1.540, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The percentage of early enteral nutrition intolerance is very high in extremely severe burn patients, which is closely related to poor prognosis. Large total burn area, vomiting before feeding, unstable shock phase, high fasting glucose on PBD 1 of patients are the independent risk factors for early enteral nutrition intolerance in extremely severe burn patients. The benefits and risks should be carefully evaluated before starting enteral nutrition in such patients, and early enteral nutrition should not be blindly pursued.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Choque , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 271-276, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645192

RESUMO

Bacterial resistance is a serious problem in use of antibiotics and an urgent global public health challenge. The drug-resistant bacteria and drug-resistant genes carried by migratory birds are not only related to clinical antibiotics, but also the use of pesticides and veterinary drugs as well as the pollution of the surrounding environment of drug factories. However, studies on drug-resistant genes carried in migratory birds have been gradually reported around the world. Migratory birds have the characteristics of large range of movement and long flight distance, which leads to the complexity of bacterial resistance. Under the influence of environment and human activities, drug-resistant genes carried in bacteria are transmitted among species,human beings, domestic animals, environment and wild birds through mobile elements. This study summarizes the current situation of antibiotic resistance bacteria carried by migratory birds,the status of drug-resistant genes in migratory birds and the relationship between the resistance of migratory birds and the environment and human activities. The aim is to better understand the important role of migratory birds as hosts and vectors in the global spread of antibiotic resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Aves , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Humanos
3.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 957-963, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) comprises a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders associated with neurodegeneration of motor nerves and neurons, mainly charac-terized by progressive atrophy and weakness of distal muscle without clinical or electrophysiological sensory abnormalities. To improve the recognition and diagnosis of the disease, we summarized the clinical manifestations, electrophysiological, pathological, and genetic characteristics in eight patients with dHMN. METHODS: Eight probands from different families diagnosed with dHMN were recruited in this study between June 2018 and April 2019 at Peking University People's Hospital. Eight patients underwent complete neurological examination and standard electrophysiological examinations. The clinical criteria were consistent with the patients presenting with a pure motor neuropathy with no sensory changes on electrophysiology. The detailed clinical symptoms, neurophysiological examinations, pathological features and gene mutations were analyzed retrospectively. Genetic testing was performed on the eight patients using targeted next-generation sequencing panel for inherited neuromuscular disorder and was combined with segregation analysis. RESULTS: The age of onset ranged between 11 and 64 years (median 39.5 years) in our dHMN patients. All the cases showed a slowly progressive disease course, mainly characterized by distal limb muscle weakness and atrophy. The motor nerve conduction revealed decreased compound muscle action potential amplitude and velocity, while the sensory nerve conduction velocities and action potentials were not affected. Needle electromyography indicated neurogenic chronic denervation in all patients. Muscle biopsy performed in two patients demonstrated neurogenic skeletal muscle damage. Sural nerve biopsy was performed in one patient, Semithin sections shows relatively normal density and structure of large myelinated fibers, except very few fibers with thin myelin sheaths, which suggested very mild sensory nerve involvement. Eight different genes known to be associated with dHMN were identified in the patients by next-generation sequencing, pathogenic dHMN mutations were identified in three genes, and the detection rate of confirmed genetic diagnosis of dHMN was 37.5% (3/8). Whereas five variants of uncertain significance (VUS) were identified, among which two novel variants co-segregated the phenotype. CONCLUSION: dHMN is a group of inherited peripheral neuropathies with great clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Next-generation sequencing is widely used to discover pathogenic genes in patients with dHMN, but more than half of the patients still remain genetically unknown.


Assuntos
Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Neuropatia Hereditária Motora e Sensorial/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Opt Lett ; 46(19): 4904-4907, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598230

RESUMO

Generating visible light with wide tunability and high coherence based on photonic integrated circuits is of high interest for applications in biophotonics, precision metrology, and quantum technology. Here we present, to our knowledge, the first demonstration of a hybrid-integrated diode laser in the visible spectral range. Using an AlGaInP optical amplifier coupled to a low-loss Si3N4 feedback circuit based on microring resonators, we obtain a spectral coverage of 10.8 nm around 684.4 nm wavelength with up to 4.8 mW output power. The measured intrinsic linewidth is 2.3±0.2kHz.

5.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(9): 609-615, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547861

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the surgical effect of modified cervical cerclage for the treatment of pregnant women with cervical insufficiency. Methods: The clinical data of 225 pregnant women who underwent modified cervical cerclage in Qilu Hospital (Qingdao) were selected for retrospective analysis from April 2014 to June 2020. Surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate, prolonged pregnancy weeks and newborn birth weight were compared between singleton and twin pregnancies, preventive cerclage and emergency cerclage, surgery before and after 18 weeks, naturally and in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) conceived pregnant women respectively. Results: Among the 225 pregnant women, the gestational weeks of surgery were 14-24+5 weeks, mean gestational weeks of delivery were 38+2 weeks (35+5-39+3 weeks), the number of prolonged gestation were (20.3±5.2) weeks, and the newborn birth weight was (3 065±735) g; the overall surgical success rate was 92.9% (209/225), and the miscarriage rate was 7.1% (16/225); among the surviving newborns, the full-term birth rate was 73.7% (154/209), and the preterm birth rate was 26.3% (55/209). All cases had no intraoperative complications. Among the 225 pregnant women, 202 (89.8%, 202/225) cases were singleton pregnancies, and 23 (10.2%, 23/225) cases were twin pregnancies; 201 (89.3%, 201/225) cases underwent preventive cervical cerclage, and 24 (10.7%, 24/225) cases underwent emergency cervical cerclage; 190 (84.4%, 190/225) cases underwent the surgery before 18 weeks, and 35 (15.6%, 35/225) cases underwent the surgery after 18 weeks; 49 (21.8%, 49/225) cases were conceived by IVF-ET. There was no statistically significant difference in the overall surgical success rate of single and twin group (P>0.05). The full-term birth rate, newborn birth weight and prolonged pregnancy weeks of single group were higher than those of twin group (P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between preventive and emergency cerclage in overall surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate, and newborn birth weight (all P>0.05). The pregnancy prolonged weeks of preventive cerclage was higher than that of emergency cerclage (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the overall surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate and birth weight of newborns at different surgical timings (all P>0.05). The pregnancy prolonged week for those who underwent surgery before 18 weeks was higher than that of surgery after 18 weeks (P<0.05). The premature birth rate of IVF-ET was higher than that of naturally conceived pregnant women (P<0.05). Conclusion: The modified cervical cerclage could effectively prolong the gestational weeks of delivery, reduce the rate of preterm birth, and the operation is simple and easy to promote. It could be used as a surgical option for patients with cervical insufficiency.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Nascimento Prematuro , Incompetência do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 880-891, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496536

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of reduced parathyroid function in early growth and development on tooth eruption and enamel development by establishing an animal model of idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP) and to explore the mechanism of IHP affecting tooth eruption with a view to provide experimental basis for early diagnosis and clinical treatment of IHP. Methods: Forty-eight SD rats at postnatal day 7 were randomly and equally divided into sham operation group and IHP group. The bilateral parathyroidectomy (PTX) was performed by using carbon nanoparticles technique to establish an IHP rat model, while no parathyroids were removed in the sham operation group using the same technique. Serum was extracted after surgery, serum calcium, serum phosphorus, and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations were detected in order to verify the success of the modeling. At postnatal day 14, day 25 and day 38 (P14, P25 and P38) the rats were sacrificed to collect the mandible samples (six from each group) and to analyze the volume of enamel, the height of the tooth eruption and the bone microarchitecture parameters of the root-oriented alveolar bone of mandibular third molar quantitatively by micro-CT scanning. Histological sections were prepared. The distribution and expression levels of osteoblast differentiation markers runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and osterix (OSX) in the alveolar bone around the third molar were detected by immunohistochemical staining and the osteoclast activity was detected by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining. After each of the third molars was isolated, the microhardness of the enamel was measure by using a microhardness tester and the enamel microstructure was photographed by using scanning electron microscope. Primary dental follicle stem cells were isolated from other six mandibulars from each group at P14 and cultured in vitro. The cell proliferation activity was tested by cell colony forming units detection. After induction of dental follicle stem cells into osteogenic differentiation, the degree of mineralization was detected by using alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining. The mRNA of mandibular tissues and dental follicle cells were extracted, the expression of genes related to osteoblasts and osteoclast differentiations and parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTH1R) were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: Bilateral parathyroidectomy was successfully performed on rats with the help of carbon nanoparticles under stereomicroscope. After surgery, the serum calcium concentration reduced, the serum phosphorus concentration increased and the serum PTH concentration distinctly reduced (P<0.01). The volume of enamel [(4.58±0.24) mm3] and the microhardness [(167.76±21.86) MPa] in IHP group were significantly lower than that in sham operation group [(5.22±0.46) mm3, P<0.05; (223.92±10.94) MPa, P<0.01, respectively]. The eruption height of the mandibular third molar in the IHP group was respectively lower than that in the sham operation group (P<0.05). The bone volume over total volume and trabecular number of the root-oriented alveolar bone of the mandibular third molars in the IHP group were respectively lower than that in sham operation group (P<0.05). The expression levels of RUNX2 and OSX proteins in the root-oriented alveolar bone of the mandibular third molars in the IHP group respectively reduced, compared to that in sham operation group (P<0.05). Furthermore, the number of osteoclasts (3.86±1.07) in crown-oriented alveolar bone in the IHP group was respectively lower than that in sham operation group (6.43±1.27) (P<0.01). The proliferative activity of dental follicle stem cells in the IHP group respectively decreased (P<0.01). After the induction of osteogenic differentiation, the mineralization ability of dental follicle stem cells in the IHP group was weakened. In the mandibular tissues of IHP group, the expression levels of osteogenesis related genes such as RUNX2 and OSX and the the expression of PTH1R significantly reduced (P<0.05). The receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand/osteoprotegerin (RANKL/OPG) ratio reduced significantly (P<0.01) compared to those of sham operation group. Also in the dental follicle cells of IHP group, the expression levels of osteogenesis related genes such as RUNX2 and OSX, the RANKL/OPG ratio and the expression of PTH1R significantly decreased simultaneously compared to that in sham operation group (P<0.01). Conclusions: Under the condition of idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, the weakening of PTH/PTH1R signaling may reduce the proliferative activity of dental follicle stem cells, inhibit their regulation for osteoblast and osteoclast differentiations and functions, thereby interfere the bone remodeling of alveolar bone around the tooth germ during tooth eruption, which eventually leads to delayed tooth eruption.


Assuntos
Hipoparatireoidismo , Erupção Dentária , Animais , Osteoclastos , Osteogênese , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Structural variations (SVs, defined as DNA variants ≥50 bp) have been associated with various complex human diseases. However, research to screen the whole genome for SVs predisposing to psoriasis is still lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of SVs and psoriasis. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide screen on SVs using an imputation method on 5 independent cohorts with 45,386 subjects from the Chinese Han population. Fine mapping analysis, genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis were conducted to explore the mechanism of SVs. RESULTS: We obtained 4,535 SVs in total and identified 2 novel deletions (esv3608550, OR=2.73, P<2.00×10-308 ; esv3608542, OR=0.47, P=7.40×10-28 ) at 6q21.33 (MHC), 1 novel Alu element insertion (esv3607339, OR=1.22, P=1.18×10-35 ) at 5q33.3 (IL12B), and confirmed 1 previously reported deletion (esv3587563, OR=1.30, P=9.52×10-60 ) at 1q21.2 (LCE) for psoriasis. Fine mapping analysis including SNPs and small Insertions/Deletions (InDels) revealed that esv3608550 and esv3608542 were independently associated with psoriasis, and a novel independent SNP (rs9378188, OR=1.65, P=3.46×10-38 ) was identified at 6q21.33. By genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis, we speculate that the association of 2 deletions at 6q21.33 with psoriasis might relate to their influence on the expression of HLA-C. CONCLUSIONS: Our study constructed the most comprehensive SV map for psoriasis thus far and enriched the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of psoriasis as well as highlighted the nonnegligible impact of SVs on complex diseases.

8.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211037248, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515572

RESUMO

In this study, we investigate harnessing fibrocartilage stem cell (FCSC) capacities by regulating tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling for cartilage repair in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA). Stem cell specifics for FCSCs were characterized in the presence of TNF-α. Etanercept as a TNF-α inhibitor and BAY 11-7082 as an Nf-κB inhibitor were used to study TNF-α regulation of FCSCs. Lineage tracing was performed in Gli1-CreERT+;Tmfl/fl mice when etanercept (1 mg/kg, every 3 d) or isometric vehicle was subcutaneously injected to trace specific changes in FCSCs. Surgically induced TMJOA Sprague-Dawley rats were generated with BAY 11-7082 (5 mg/kg, every 3 d) or vehicle subcutaneous injection to investigate the functional role of TNF-α/Nf-κB in TMJOA. Anterior disc displacement (ADD) rabbits were used to analyze the therapeutic effect of etanercept as a TMJOA intra-articular treatment with etanercept (0.02 mg in 100 µL, every 2 wk) or isometric vehicle. In vitro, TNF-α inhibited proliferation of FCSCs and increased FCSC apoptosis. TNF-α activation interfered with osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of FCSCs, while etanercept could partially recover FCSC specificity from TNF-α. FCSC lineage tracing in Gli1-CreERT+;Tmfl/fl mice showed that the chondrogenic capacity of Gli1+ cell lineage was markedly suppressed in osteoarthritis cartilage, the phenotype of which could be significantly rescued by etanercept. Specifically blocking the Nf-κB pathway could significantly weaken the regulatory effect of TNF-α on FCSC specificity in vitro and in TMJOA rats in vivo. Finally, intra-articular etanercept treatment efficiently rescued TMJ cartilage degeneration and growth retardation in ADD rabbits. Inhibition of TNF-α signaling reduced Nf-κB transcripts and recovered FCSC specificities. In vivo, etanercept treatment effectively rescued the osteoarthritis phenotype in TMJOA mice and ADD rabbits. These data suggest a novel therapeutic mechanism whereby TNF-α/Nf-κB inhibition promotes FCSC chondrogenic capacity for cartilage transformation in TMJOA.

10.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100232, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression patterns have important biological and therapeutic implications in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. However, little is known about hormone receptor (HR)-positive and triple-positive subtypes, making therapy selection and survival prognosis difficult. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and nomogram-predicted survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Comparisons were carried out between single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes. A nomogram-based model of predicted outcomes was developed. RESULTS: This cohort study included 34 819 patients with breast cancer (34 606 women and 213 men). Single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes showed distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that patients with ER-positive/PR-negative/HER2-positive [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.14-1.39], ER-negative/PR-positive/HER2-positive (HR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.23-1.97), and ER-negative/PR-negative/HER2-positive (HR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.43-1.70) subtypes had worse breast cancer-specific survival than patients with the triple-positive subtype. Thirteen clinical parameters were included as prognostic factors in the nomogram: age, sex, race, grade, histology type, bone, brain, liver, and lung metastasis, TNM (tumor-node-metastasis) staging, and molecular subtype. The C-index was 0.853 (95% CI: 0.845-0.861). Calibration plots indicated that the nomogram-predicted survival was consistent with the recorded 3-year and 5-year prognoses. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in survival rates were observed between single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes. A nomogram accurately predicted survival. Different treatment strategies may be required for HER2-positive patients with single HR-positive and double HR-positive tumors to ensure optimal treatment and benefits.

11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 1006-1010, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445841

RESUMO

To explore the mode of"one-day outpatient"based continuous management and examine its feasibility and preliminary effects for improving menopausal syndrome and mood among menopausal women.Clinical intervention study was conducted in Obstetrics and Gynecology Center of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from May 2020 to May 2021.The continuous management mode of "one-day outpatient service" for menopause was constructed in terms of multidisciplinary resources, including offline "one-day outpatient" health education, online 7-week group continuous intervention on "healthy lifestyle" and offline half-day focus group interview. Pre-and post-scores of the modified Kupperman scale and the positive/negative emotional scale (PANAS) were measured to compare the status of menopausal syndrome and emotional experience of Seventy-eight female participants (40-60 years old), meanwhile, before and after comparison of the blood lipid and body composition indexes of participants were also performed. Paired t test or Wilcoxon signed rank test were used.Results show that the pre-and post Kupperman scores were 14.65±8.51 vs 10.26±5.83 (t=-5.59, P<0.01), and the positive emotional scores (pre- 28.53±5.85 vs post- 30.13±6.30) were improved (t=2.59, P=0.012) and negative emotional scores [pre- 20.5(10) vs post- 17.0(7)] were decreased (Z=-5.09, P<0.01). The triglyceride level of participants declined from (1.27±0.54) mmol/L to (1.09±0.38) mmol/L (t=-2.45, P<0.05). In addition, the body mass index(pre- 22.52±2.34 vs post- 22.06±2.22), percentage of body fat (pre- 31.72±6.22 vs post- 30.91±6.52)and Visceral fat area(pre- 83.96±30.26 vs post- 79.66±29.71) were all improved (t=-3.58,t=-2.57,t=-2.59, P<0.05). Therefore,the mode of"one-day outpatient"based continuous management can effectively improve menopausal syndrome and adverse mood, reduce patients' blood lipid, improve the body composition, and maybe contribute to the prevention of long-term chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Menopausa , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 697-703, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary continence recovery time and risk factors of urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: From January 2019 to January 2021, a consecutive series of patients with localized prostate cancer (cT1-T3, cN0, cM0) were prospectively collected. RARP with total anatomical reconstruction was performed in all the cases by an experienced surgeon. Lymph node dissection was performed if the patient was in high-risk group according to the D'Amico risk classification. The primary endpoint was urinary continence recovery time after catheter removal. Postoperative and pathological variables were analyzed. Continence was rigo-rously analyzed 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal. Continence was evaluated by recording diaper pads used per day, and all the patients were instructed to perform the 24-hour pad weight test until full recovery of urinary continence. The patient was defined as continent if no more than one safety pad were needed per day, or no more than 20-gram urine leakage on the 24-hour pad weight test. Time from catheter removal to full recovery of urinary continence was recorded, and risk factors influencing continence recovery time evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were analyzed. The mean age of the enrolled patients was 66.2 years, and the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.51 µg/L. A total of 59 patients (35.5%) had bilateral lymphatic dissection, and 28 (16.9%) underwent neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation surgery. Postoperative pathology results showed that stage pT1 in 1 case (0.6%), stage pT2 in 77 cases (46.4%), stage pT3 in 86 cases (51.8%), and positive margins in 28 patients (16.9%). Among patients who underwent lymph node dissection, lymph node metastasis was found in 7 cases (11.9%). Median continence recovery time was one week. The number of the continent patients at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 65 (39.2%), 32 (19.3%), 34 (20.5%), 24 (14.5%), and 9 (5.4%). Two patients remained incontinent 24 weeks after catheter removal. The continence rates after catheter removal at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 39.2%, 58.4%, 78.9%, 93.4%, and 98.8%, respectively. Univariate COX analysis revealed that diabetes appeared to influence continence recovery time (OR=1.589, 95%CI: 1.025-2.462, P=0.038). At the end of 48 hours, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal, the mean OABSS score of the continent group was significantly lower than that of the incontinent group. CONCLUSION: RARP showed promising results in the recovery of urinary continence. Diabetes was a risk factor influencing continence recovery time. Bladder overactive symptoms play an important role in the recovery of continence after RARP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Robótica , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(26): 2060-2065, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275239

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate and improvement of dyspepsia in patients who were newly diagnosed with H. pylori infection and dyspepsia and treated by bismuth-containing quadruple therapy followed by Jing-Hua-Wei-Kang(JHWK). Methods: Patients who were newly diagnosed with dyspepsia and H. pylori infection and treated in 16 medical centers in China between December 1, 2017 and September 30, 2019 were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group received bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (esomeprazole+amoxicillin+furazolidone+colloidal bismuth pectin capsule, 14 days), followed by JHWK (30 days), and the course of treatment was 44 days in total. In the control group, the administration regimen was bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (esomeprazole+amoxicillin+furazolidone+colloidal bismuth pectin capsule, 14 days). The main outcome measure was H. pylori eradication rate, while the secondary outcome measures were dyspepsia symptom changes and adverse events during the treatment and the 1st month after treatment. Results: A total of 1 054 patients were included in the study. There were 522 cases enrolled in the experimental group, including 224(42.91%) men and 298(57.09%) women, and the age was 53(26, 73) years old; 532 cases enrolled in the control group, including 221(41.54%) men and 311(58.46%) women, and the age was 46(22, 71) years old. Based on PP analysis, it was found that the H. pylori eradication rate in the experimental group was significantly higher than those in the control group (93.85% vs 87.88%, P=0.001). In the group of all enrolled patients, the symptom dyspepsia after H. pylori eradication was significantly improved compared with that before treatment [4(4, 7) vs 15(10, 22), P<0.001], so was the superior and middle abdominal pain [1(1, 4) vs 4(1, 8), P<0.001], the postprandial fullness [1(1, 4) vs 4(4, 9), P<0.001], the early satiety [1(1, 1) vs 4(1, 4), P<0.001], and the heartburn [1(1, 1) vs 1(1, 4), P<0.001]. The symptom dyspepsia after treatment was significantly improved compared with that before treatment in the experimental, the control groups, the successful and the unsuccessful H. pylori eradication groups. The superior and middle abdominal pain after treatment was signifcantly improved than that before treatment [1(1, 2) vs 1(1, 4), P<0.001], so were the postprandial fullness [1(1, 3) vs 1(1, 4), P=0.002] and the dyspepsia[4(4, 7) VS 7(4, 10), P<0.001]. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the experimental group and the control group (1.34% vs 0.38%, P=0.09). Conclusions: Compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy, bismuth-containing quadruple therapy followed by JHWK significantly improves the H. pylori eradication rate without increasing the incidence of adverse events. H. pylori eradication therapy can improve symptoms of patients with H. pylori infection and dyspepsia.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bismuto/uso terapêutico , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

18.
J Food Prot ; 84(10): 1836-1843, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115868

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Bottled tea beverages (BTB) are popular for the health benefits and convenience. Because chlorpyrifos (CP) is commonly used as a biomarker for exposure, as well as a pesticide in the field, it is important to determine the dynamics of CP dissipation in BTB to better perform risk assessments. This study focused on the dynamic behavior of CP for 22 days by fortifying bottled green tea, dark tea, and oolong tea beverages with the parent chemical and analyzing the degradation products. Photoinduction was used to generate the two transient intermediates: the reactive oxygen species from H2O2 and the triplet excited state of CP from the parent chemical in water were designed to observe the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the dissipation and transformation of CP. The results indicated that the CP degraded in BTB and the main products were detected. The half-life values of CP illustrated that EGCG increased the dissipation of CP by combination with CP and inhibited the generation of CP-oxon by scavenging the emerged oxidant, the reactive oxygen species, and interfering with the transformation of the triplet excited state of CP. This work suggests EGCG could play various roles in the dissipation and transformation of CP. Thus, a comprehensive identification of CP degradation should be performed when assessing the exposure risk in drinking BTB.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(20): 201102, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110215

RESUMO

The measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic ray helium nuclei from 70 GeV to 80 TeV using 4.5 years of data recorded by the Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) is reported in this work. A hardening of the spectrum is observed at an energy of about 1.3 TeV, similar to previous observations. In addition, a spectral softening at about 34 TeV is revealed for the first time with large statistics and well controlled systematic uncertainties, with an overall significance of 4.3σ. The DAMPE spectral measurements of both cosmic protons and helium nuclei suggest a particle charge dependent softening energy, although with current uncertainties a dependence on the number of nucleons cannot be ruled out.

20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3599, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127661

RESUMO

The Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 chain, originally introduced almost a century ago, is one of the best studied models in quantum mechanics due to its exact solution, but nevertheless it continues to present new discoveries. Its low-energy physics is described by the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid of spinless fermions, similar to the conduction electrons in one-dimensional metals. In this work we investigate the Heisenberg spin-chain compound YbAlO3 and show that the weak interchain coupling causes Umklapp scattering between the left- and right-moving fermions and stabilizes an incommensurate spin-density wave order at q = 2kF under finite magnetic fields. These Umklapp processes open a route to multiple coherent scattering of fermions, which results in the formation of satellites at integer multiples of the incommensurate fundamental wavevector Q = nq. Our work provides surprising and profound insight into bandstructure control for emergent fermions in quantum materials, and shows how neutron diffraction can be applied to investigate the phenomenon of coherent multiple scattering in metals through the proxy of quantum magnetic systems.

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