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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(1): 65-71, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of huayu tongluo (resolving stasis, promoting collateral circulation) moxibustion on learning and memory ability and the expressions of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) in the rats of vascular dementia (VD) in the microenvironment of neurovascular niche. METHODS: Using 2-vessel occlusion (2-VO), the VD rat models were duplicated. The neural stem cells (NSCs) labeled with lentiviral vector-mediated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were co-cultured with endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to structure the NSCs + EPCs implant. The implant was transplanted into the lateral ventricle of VD rats and the VD rat models with neurovascular niche were established. In No.1 experiment, the successful-modeled rats were divided into 3 groups, i.e. a NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, a NSCs + EPCs blank group and a model group, 12 rats in each one. No any treatment was provided in the model group and the NSCs + EPCs blank group. The huayu tongluo moxibustion therapy was adopted in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, in which, the suspending moxibustion technique was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Shenting" (GV 24), 20 min at each acupoint. The treatment was given once every day and a 14-day treatment was as one course. Totally, 3 courses of treatment were required. At the end of treatment, Morris water maze experiment was adopted to determine the learning and memory ability of the rats in each group. In the No.2 experiment, the model rats were divided into 3 groups, a NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, a NSCs + EPCs blank group and a model group, 18 rats in each one. In each group, according to the durations of treatment, 3 subgroups were divided and 6 rats in each one. The intervention method was same as the No.1 experiment. Additionally, after corresponding treatment course, using perfusion, the brains were collected in each subgroup and the slices were frozen. BDNF/TrkB expressions were observed in the immunofluorescence test. RESULTS: After treatment, in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, the escape incubation was reduced, the time of the first running-cross platform was shortened and the frequency of running-cross platform increased as compared with the model group and the NSCs + EPCs blank group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The protein expressions were increased in tendency among the 3 courses of treatment in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, indicating the significant differences (all P<0.05), in which, the increase of the protein expressions in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group was better than the NSCs + EPCs blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The huayu tongluo moxibustion therapy is the effective approach to VD in clinical treatment. This therapy up-regulates the BDNF/TrkB protein expressions in the microenvironment of neurovascular niche, co-modulates NSCs-EPCs coupling mechanism, promotes nerve neogenesis and repairs the injured nerve.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Demência Vascular , Moxibustão , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Animais , Fator B do Complemento , Demência Vascular/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hipocampo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 43(3): 133-9, 2018 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of "Huayu Tongluo"(Blood-stasis Dispersing and Meridian-collateral Dredging) moxibustion on the delayed memory and expression of Nestin and Doublecortin (DCX) proteins in the hippocampus in vascular dementia (VD) rats in the view of neurogenesis produced by intracerebral transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). METHODS: Healthy male Wistar rats were randomized into control group, VD model group,NSCs+EPCs group and NSCs+EPCs moxibustion group. The VD model was established by using a modified 2-vessels occlusion method, and neurogenesis was produced by transplantation of NSCs+EPCs (2×106cell/10 µL) into the lateral ventricle for rats of the NSCs+EPCs groups 3 days after successful VD-modeling. Moxibustion was applied to "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Shenting" (GV 24) once daily for 21 days with an interval of one day between every two 7 days. The Morris Water Maze was used to test the rat's delayed memory ability before and 24 h after the treatment. The expression of Nestin and DCX proteins in the hippocampus tissues was detected using double-labeled immunofluorescence technique. RESULTS: Following modeling, Morris Water Maze tests showed that the average escape latency of location navigation task was significantly prolonged in VD rats(P<0.008)and the times of target platform crossing (spatial probing task) within 120 s were remarkably reduced in VD rats (P<0.008). Compared with pre-treatment in the same one group, the escape latency of NSCs+EPCs and NSCs+EPCs moxibustion groups were considerably reduced (P<0.05), and the average times of target platform crossing of the NSCs+EPCs moxibustion group were markedly increased(P<0.05). The effect of NSCs+EPCs moxibustion was evidently superior to that of simple NSCs+EPCs in shortening the escape latency (P<0.008). The expression levels of Nestin protein were significantly higher in the NSCs+EPCs moxibustion group after 1 and 3 period treatment than those in the NSCs+EPCs group (P<0.05).. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion intervention is able to improve the delayed memory in VD rats, which may be related to its effect in up-regulating the expression of hippocampal Nestin and DCX proteins within 15 days via accelerating neurogenesis.


Assuntos
Demência Vascular , Moxibustão , Animais , Hipocampo , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Memória , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos , Nestina , Neuropeptídeos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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