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1.
2.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163293

RESUMO

Optical anisotropy plays an indispensable role in a variety of optical components. Organic halide perovskites often rely on artificially oriented nanostructures to enhance optical anisotropy due to their in-plane isotropic crystal structure, which results in unnecessary optical losses and fabrication difficulties. Here, we report the large optical anisotropy in two-dimensional perovskite [CH(NH2)2][C(NH2)3]PbI4 crystals. Without specially designing their morphology, we achieved a large photoresponse linear dichroic ratio of 2 and a photoluminescence linear dichroic ratio of 4.7. Furthermore, we identified that the polarization orientation is parallel to the corrugated inorganic layers on every crystal plane by density functional theory calculations. The anisotropy of the ab-plane and ac-plane changes in opposite trend with temperature, suggesting that the perovskite can selectively generate polarized light or unpolarized light from different crystal planes by tuning the temperature. Our studies provide a new platform toward two-dimensional perovskite-based optical polarization devices.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(10): 104301, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216393

RESUMO

Dirac materials, unlike the Weyl materials, have not been found in experiments to support intrinsic topological surface states, as the surface arcs in existing systems are unstable against symmetry-preserving perturbations. Utilizing the proposed glide and time-reversal symmetries, we theoretically design and experimentally verify an acoustic crystal of two frequency-isolated three-dimensional Dirac points with Z_{2} monopole charges and four gapless helicoid surface states.

4.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918933, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Interleukin-36 has been demonstrated to be involved in inflammatory responses. Inflammatory responses due to ischemia-reperfusion injury following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can cause heart dysfunction or damage. MATERIAL AND METHODS The CPB models were constructed in IL-36R-/-, IL-36RN-/-, and wild-type SD rats. Ultrasonic cardiography and ELISA were used to evaluate the cardiac function and measuring myocardial biomarker levels in different groups. TUNEL assay was used to evaluate apoptosis. Western blot assays and RT-PCR were performed to measure the expression of chemokines and secondary inflammatory cytokines in the heart. Oxidative stress in tissue and cultured cells was assessed using a DCFH-DA fluorescence probe and quantification of superoxide dismutase activity. RESULTS Improved systolic function and decreased serum levels of myocardial damage biomarkers were found in IL-36R-/- rats compared to WT rats, while worse cardiac function and cardiomyocyte IR injury were observed in IL-36RN-/- rats compared to WT rats. TUNEL staining and Western blot analyses found that cardiomyocyte apoptosis and inflammation were significantly lower in the hearts of IL-36R-/- rats compared with that of WT rats. Oxidative stress was significantly lower in IL-36R-/- rats compared to WT rats. iNOS expression was significantly reduced, while eNOS expression was increased in the hearts of IL-36R-/- rats. Silencing of IL-36R expression in vitro activated SIRT1/FOXO1/p53 signaling in cardiomyocytes. CONCLUSIONS IL-36R deficiency in cardiomyocytes repressed infiltration of bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells and oxidative stress dependent on SIRT1-FOXO1 signaling, thus protecting cardiomyocytes and improving cardiac function in CPB model rats.

5.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-6, 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036714

RESUMO

Background: The comparisons between open surgery and minimally invasive surgery for treatment of large adrenal tumor (LAT) are still lacking. In this study, we attempted to explore the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic treatment of LAT by comparing the outcomes between open adrenalectomy (OA) and laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA).Methods: From 2003 to 2018, 78 LAT patients underwent tumor resection by OA or LA method at a single academic institution. Data were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results: The median largest diameter of LAT was 10.0 (IQR 9.0-13.4) cm. The median operation time in OA group was 215 (IQR 180-240) min versus 180 (IQR 135-245) min in LA group (P = 0.042). The median blood loss in OA group was 1000 (IQR 625-1500) ml versus 200 (IQR 100-700) ml in LA group (P < 0.001). The median Clavien-Dindo score in OA group was 2 (IQR 2-4) versus 0 (IQR 0-4) in LA group (P = 0.035). On univariate and multivariate analysis, the largest diameter of tumor was significantly associated with operation time, blood loss, and recovery time (P < 0.05).Conclusions: Laparoscopic treatment of LAT was found to be safe and feasible in experienced hands and can replace open surgeries in most cases.

6.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(3): 547-557, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common, but severe complication in elderly patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer, but the prevalence and potential risk factors for POD were not well established. Therefore, a meta-analysis was preformed to clarify the prevalence and risk factors of POD in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched on August 2019. Studies were included if they reported the prevalence and risk factors of POD in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. The guidelines for critically appraising studies of prevalence or incidence of a health problem were used to assess the quality of included studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel methods in random effect model. Sensitive analyses based on different inclusion criteria were conducted to explore whether the current meta-analysis was enough credible and robust. RESULTS: Seventeen studies totaling 4472 patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery were included. The pooled prevalence of POD is 14% (95% CI = 12-17%). Twelve significant risk factors were identified in pooled analysis including older age (OR = 1.10), sex (OR = 1.87), history of psychiatric disease (OR = 6.47), comorbidities (OR = 2.17), prognostic nutritional index (OR = 1.12), physical status (OR = 1.27), American Society of Anesthesiologists Score (ASA Scores) (OR = 1.65), history of alcohol abuse (OR = 2.23), postoperative pain management (OR = 1.91), perioperative blood transfusion (OR = 2.37), cognitive status (OR = 1.91), and lower serum level of albumin (OR = 0.58). CONCLUSIONS: POD is a frequent complication in patients undergoing surgery with colorectal cancer. Several risk factors including history of psychiatric disease, transfusion, comorbidities, male gender, and old age were significant predictors for POD.

7.
Food Chem ; 313: 126138, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931424

RESUMO

The fermentation products of edible fungi are rich in anthraquinones and have a variety of activities, including the antioxidant activity. Because of the large number of combinations, it is very difficult to obtain the optimal multi-strains co-fermentation to improve the yield of anthraquinone. In the present study, an intelligent model based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) using backpropagation (BP) and radial basis function (RBF) algorithms was developed and validated to predict the anthraquinone contents in 136 two fungi and 680 three fungi co-fermented products. After experimental validation of the anthraquinone contents, the mean absolute error and the mean bias error of the results from RBF ANN were lower than those from BP ANN. The results indicated that the anthraquinone contents in A. bisporus, C. comatus and H. erinaceus co-fermentation product was the highest (2.11%). Furthermore, this co-fermentation product showed strong antioxidant activity.

8.
Respir Care ; 65(4): 482-491, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of nuisance (technical) alarms is the leading cause of alarm fatigue resulting in decreased awareness and a reduction in effective care. The Joint Commission identified in their National Patient Safety goals alarm fatigue as a major safety issue. The introduction of noninvasive respiratory volume monitoring (RVM) has implications for effective perioperative respiratory status management. We evaluated this within the Kaiser Permanente health system. METHODS: This observational study was conducted at 4 hospitals in the Kaiser Permanente system. Standard data from RVM, pulse oximetry, and capnography were collected postoperatively in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) and/or on the general hospital floor. Device-specific alarm types, rates, and respective actions were recorded and analyzed by non-study staff. RESULTS: RVM was applied to 247 subjects (143 females, body mass index 32.3 ± 8.7 kg/m2, age 60.9 ± 13.9 y) providing 2,321 h. RVM alarms occurred 605 times (0.25 alarms/h); 64% were actionable and addressed, 17% were not addressed, 13% were self-resolved, and only 6% were nuisance. In a subgroup, RVM completed all 127 h of monitoring, whereas oximetry with capnography only completed 51 h with 12.9 alarms/h (73% nuisance). The overall RVM alarm rate was significantly lower than with either pulse oximeters or capnography monitors. We saw a nearly 1,000-fold reduction in nuisance alarms compared to capnography and a 20-50-fold reduction in nuisance alarms compared to pulse oximetry. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that alarm fatigue due to nuisance alarms continues to be a clinical challenge in perioperative settings. Among the 3 common technologies for respiratory function monitoring, RVM had the lowest rate of overall technical alarms and the highest rate of compliance. Furthermore, with early interventions, none of the subjects monitored with RVM suffered any negative outcomes.

10.
Endocrine ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916216

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The TIM family comprises of eight genes in the mouse, three of which are conserved in humans (TIM-1, TIM-3, and TIM-4). Previous studies have revealed the relationships between Tim3+ Tregs and autoimmune disease. There was little study about the expression of Tim1 and Tim4 surface molecules on Tregs. We evaluated the frequency of the Tim1+Tregs and Tim4+Tregs in type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the present study. METHODS: A total of 28 patients with T1D and 14 gender-, age-, and ethnically matched healthy volunteers were recruited. PBMCs from these individuals were isolated and analyzed by flow cytometry. Splenocytes from mice were also analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: There is no difference in the frequency of Treg cells in peripheral blood isolated from T1D patients. Tim1 on CD4+CD25+ T cells decreased significantly in PBMC of patients with T1D(1.19 ± 0.17% vs 2.78 ± 0.38%, 95% CI:0.87-2.31, P < 0.0001), while expression of Tim4 on CD4+CD25+ T cells in PBMC was less frequent in patients with T1D than healthy people(3.0 ± 0.39% vs 6.25 ± 1.08%, 95% CI:1.08-5.43, P = 0.0044). The frequencies of CD4+CD25+Tim1+ T cells and CD4+CD25+Tim4+ T cells also decreased in spleen of hyperglycemic NOD mice. There were no significant correlations between CD4+CD25+Tim1+T-cells, CD4+CD25+Tim4+T-cells and any clinical features such as age, HbA1c, Fasting C-peptide, diabetic autoantibodies, disease duration, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and TG. CONCLUSIONS: It is the first report of the expression of Tim1 and Tim4 molecules on Treg cells in T1D in the present study. We also presented evidence that the frequencies of Tim1+Tregs and Tim4+Tregs decreased significantly in both type 1 diabetic patients and hyperglycemic NOD mice. However, the specific functions of Tim1+Tregs and Tim4+Tregs are still unclear.

11.
J Neurosci Methods ; 333: 108544, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of early mild cognitive impairment (EMCI) as a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with its delineation from the cognitively normal (CN) group remains a challenging but essential step for the planning of early treatment. Although several studies have focused on the MCI diagnosis, this study introduces the early stage of MCI to assess more thoroughly the earliest signs of disease manifestation and progression. NEW METHOD: We used random forest feature selection model with a Gaussian-based algorithm to perform method evaluation. This integrated method serves to define multivariate normal distributions in order to classify different stages of AD, with the focus placed on detecting EMCI subjects in the most challenging classification of CN vs. EMCI. RESULTS: Using 896 participants classified into the four categories of CN, EMCI, late mild cognitive impairment (LMCI) and AD, the results show that the EMCI group can be delineated from the CN group with a relatively high accuracy of 78.8% and sensitivity of 81.3%. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHOD(S): The feature selection model and classifier are compared with some other prominent algorithms. Although higher accuracy has been achieved using the Gaussian process (GP) model (78.8%) over the SVM classifier (75.6%) for CN vs. EMCI classification, with 0.05 being the cutoff for significance, and based on student's t-test, it was determined that the differences for accuracy, sensitivity, specificity between the GP method and support vector machine (SVM) are not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Addressing the challenging classification of CN vs. EMCI provides useful information to help clinicians and researchers determine essential measures that can help in the early detection of AD.

12.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 14(24): 3193-3212, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855117

RESUMO

Aim: We aimed to investigate the proteomics of primary chondrocyte exosomes and the effect of exosomes in osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Materials & methods: We isolated exosomes from primary chondrocytes cultured in normal (D0) and inflammatory environments induced by IL-1ß and determined the proteomics of these exosomes. Next, we investigated what effect and mechanism D0 chondrocytes exosomes have in OA treatment. Results: There were more proteins that belonged to mitochondrion and were involved in immune system processes in D0 exosomes. Notably, intra-articular administration of D0 exosomes successfully prevented the development of OA. D0 chondrocyte exosomes could restore mitochondrial dysfunction and polarize macrophage response toward an M2 phenotype. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that primary chondrocyte exosomes are efficient in OA treatment.

13.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate the performance of amino acids levels in predicting the risk of subsequent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A total of 431 women at 12 to 16 weeks of gestation in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were recruited. High-performance liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure amino acids levels in maternal blood at 12 to 16 weeks of gestation. At 24 to 28 weeks of gestation, all participants were administered 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests for the diagnosis of GDM. RESULTS: Alanine, isoleucine, and tyrosine levels in early pregnancy were significantly different between women who developed GDM and those who remained normal glucose tolerant. Logistic regressions showed that after adjustments for age, parity, body mass index, family history of diabetes, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, triglycerides, fasting glucose and fasting insulin levels, alanine (odds ratio [OR], 1.46; 95% CI, 1.05-2.04; P = .027), isoleucine (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.12-1.96; P = .0062), and tyrosine (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.07-2.03; P = .020) levels in early pregnancy were independently associated with subsequent GDM. The addition of isoleucine and tyrosine into the conventional model improved the area under curve from 0.692 to 0.737 (P = .036) and significantly increased the net reclassification improvement (+13.7%, P = .0025). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that elevated isoleucine, tyrosine, and alanine levels are independently and significantly associated with subsequent incidence of GDM. New models including conventional risk factors, isoleucine and tyrosine levels in early pregnancy might help physicians identify high-risk population of GDM.

14.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 30618-30628, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684306

RESUMO

Improving the optoelectronic characteristics of organic-inorganic perovskites is crucial for fabrication of functional devices. Herein, we demonstrate that the optoelectronic properties of 2D organic-inorganic perovskites can be greatly improved by UV-light illumination during growth. The photoluminescence emission of the 2D perovskite exhibits a 3.1-folds increase in intensity, with a decreased trap-assisted recombination. The improved optoelectronic characteristics can be attributed to the high-quality crystallization and lattice expansion induced by the UV-light illumination. Moreover, the optimized 2D perovskites enable the fabrication of photoconductive devices with improved optoelectronic responses. This work indicates that light illumination is a novel and convenient approach for engineering the fabrication of 2D organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, which advocates great promise for achieving high-performance functional devices.

15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(11): 810-6, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether manual acupuncture stimulation of "Shenshu " (BL23), "Guanyuan" (CV4), "Zhongwan" (CV12) can improve the ovarian function by resisting oxidant stress and reducing apoptosis of granulosa cells in rats with ovarian hypofunction. METHODS: Forty female SD rats with normal estrous cycles were randomly divided into blank control, model, hormone therapy and acupuncture groups (n=10 rats in each group). The ovarian hypofunction model was established by gavage of Tripterygium Glycosides suspension (50 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 14 successive days. Rats of the hormone therapy group were treated by gavage of estrogen and progesterone, and those of the acupuncture group treated by manual acupuncture stimulation of bilateral BL23 or CV4 and CV12 alternatively by using uniform reinforcing-reducing method for 10 s every 5 min (3 times in 10 min). The treatment was performed once daily for 14 days. The blank group was given equal volume of normal saline daily. On the 9th day, the estrous cycle of each rat was observed by means of vaginal smear test. The ovarian index, serum estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) contents were detected by ELISA. Histopathological changes of the ovary tissue were observed by H.E. staining. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins Bax and Bcl-2 and their mRNAs of the ovaries were determined by immunohistochemical staining and quantitative real time-PCR separately. RESULTS: The menstrual disorder rate was 100% in the model group, and was significantly higher than those in the hormone therapy (30%) and acupuncture (40%) groups (P<0.01). Following modeling, the ovarian wet weight and index, E2 and SOD contents, Bcl-2 protein and mRNA expressions were significantly decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and serum FSH, LH and MDA levels, Bax protein and mRNA expressions were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the model group in comparison with the blank control group. H.E. staining showed a large amount of connective tissue in the ovary, with fewer mature follicles, increase of atresia follicles, significant reduction of luteal tissue, and appearance of scarring tissue in the model group. Compared with the model group, there were more mature follicles, fewer atresia follicles, lower abnormal granulosa cell morphology and lower estrous cycle disorder ratio in both hormone therapy and acupuncture groups. After the interventions, the decreased ovarian wet weight and index, serum E2 and SOD contents, expressions of Bcl-2 protein and mRNA were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the increased levels of FSH and LH, MDA, expressions of Bax protein and mRNA were significantly decreased in both hormone therapy and acupuncture groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). The effect of acupuncture was significantly superior to that of hormone in up-regulating SOD, Bax and Bcl-2 protein expressions (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture can improve the menstrual disorder in rats with ovarian hypofunction, which is closely related to its effects in improving antioxidant stress ability and regulating the expressions of apoptosis-related protein and mRNA of ovarian gra-nulosa cells.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Apoptose , Estresse Oxidativo , Tripterygium , Animais , Feminino , Glicosídeos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Nanotechnology ; 31(10): 105301, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751977

RESUMO

With the assistance of a gas injection system, focused ion beam-induced deposition (FIBID) can be realized to fabricate complicated three-dimensional structures in nanoscale. The growth rate of the deposited structure depends on the flux of precursor gas and incident ions. In this study, a Continuous Cellular Automaton (CCA) model is put forward to simulate the FIBID process, with four rules established to initiate and dominate the interface evolution, which can calculate the deposited structure profile under different fabrication conditions. In this model, the sputtering and diffusion effects are taken into account to establish a more accurate relationship between the deposition rate and precursor gas flux based on the continuous model, and the influences imposed by precursor gas and incident ions are clarified. In order to verify the precursor gas distribution and the growth mechanism of the FIBID, experiments are carried out with different local precursor gas flux on the substrate surface with a 7 pA and 30 keV Ga ions, using C9H16Pt as the precursor gas. The experimental and simulation results indicate that the CCA model features a high accuracy in predicting the deposited structure profile, and prove that the proposed model can be utilized in fabrication parameters optimization.

17.
Cell Cycle ; 18(23): 3288-3299, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615303

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) regulate many biological processes ranging from tumorigenesis to cancer metastasis. MicroRNA-223 (miR-223) acts as a novel tumor suppressor in bladder cancer (BC), however its target genes involved in BC, the molecular mechanisms governing its expression remain largely unknown. Both gain-of-function and loss of function experiments were performed to investigate the role of miR-223 in BC cells. The effects of miR-223 on BC progression were assessed using in vivo subcutaneous xenografts. The luciferase reporter assays were utilized to confirm the putative miR-223-binding site in the 3'-UTR of oncogene HSP90B1. The luciferase reporter assays and RNA immunoprecipitation assays were used to analyze the association between miR-223 and lncRNA DXL6-AS1 in BC cells. The expression of miR-223 was remarkably decreased in BC samples and BC cells. High miR-223 expression was correlated with favorable patient survival. BC cell growth in vivo was delayed by miR-223 overexpression. HSP90B1 was a direct target of miR-223 in BC cells, and the suppression of BC cell growth and invasion induced by miR-223 could be rescued by overexpression of HSP90B1. Moreover, lncRNA DXL6-AS1 was upregulated in BC tissues and functioned as a sponge for miR-223 and reduced its expression in BC cells, thereby enhancing cell proliferation and invasion. Forced expression of miR-223 could reverse the oncogenic effects of DXL6-AS1 on BC cell proliferation and invasion. Our study suggested that DLX6-AS1-mediated silencing of miR-223 promotes BC progression through the upregulation of HSP90B1.

18.
Biomicrofluidics ; 13(4): 044115, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531152

RESUMO

Herein, a novel cell-based electrochemiluminescent (ECL) sensing matrix was developed for probing reactive oxygen species (ROSs) produced from mouse macrophage cells. Uniformly sized Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) with an average diameter of 16 nm were decorated on the surface of indium tin oxide (ITO) glass through the connection of hydrolyzed 3-aminopropyl trimethoxysilane (APTMS) serving as a sensor substrate. Then, the surface was covered with a poly-l-lysine thin film, where mouse macrophage cells were successfully cultured. The morphology of the electrodes obtained was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy, and their electrochemical properties were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A linear response was observed from the AuNPs/APTMS/ITO substrate with a sensitivity of 0.465 units per mg/l of H2O2, and a higher sensitivity of 207 units per mg/l of zymosan. Thereafter, a factor of 84 molecules of H2O2 produced by a single glycogen was estimated. The results demonstrated that the ECL response of this cell-based sensor quantitatively correlated with yielded ROSs during cell oxygen metabolism under the stimulation of zymosan. This work suggests that the prepared sensing matrix is efficient for monitoring the oxygen metabolism of living cells and can be applied in biological and clinical fields to provide significant information on the regular or abnormal function of cells.

19.
ACS Nano ; 13(8): 9473-9481, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373789

RESUMO

Low-dimensional lead halide perovskite materials are an emerging class of solution-processable semiconductors with promising potential applications in optoelectronic devices. Unfortunately, it is impossible to synthesize high-crystalline-quality low-dimensional perovskite single crystals without using chemotoxic solutions such as dimethylformamide/dimethyl sulfoxide or applying heating. Herein we report an economical and universal aqueous method to synthesize 2D layered and 1D chain perovskite single crystals at room temperature. The resultant chiral 2D perovskites can efficiently and selectively emit and detect circularly polarized light at room temperature. The as-synthesized 1D perovskite single crystals exhibit strong quantum confinement and enhanced self-trapped states that give efficient warm circularly polarized white-light emission. This aqueous synthetic method is general for other high-quality low-dimensional lead halide perovskite single crystals, and thus our findings would motivate more fundamental investigations on low-dimensional perovskites for potential optoelectronic applications.

20.
Oncol Lett ; 18(2): 1043-1048, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423164

RESUMO

MicroRNA-145 (miR-145) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) growth arrest specific 5 (GAS5) function as tumor suppressors in prostate carcinoma. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-145 and lncRNA GAS5 in prostate carcinoma. In the present study, miR-145 and lncRNA GAS5 expression levels were demonstrated to be downregulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent healthy tissues of patients with prostate carcinoma. miR-145 and lncRNA GAS5 expression levels were found to be positively and significantly correlated in tumor tissues, but not in adjacent healthy tissues. A follow-up study revealed that low miR-145 and lncRNA GAS5 expression levels were associated with poor survival. Overexpression of miR-145 resulted in upregulated lncRNA GAS5, whereas lncRNA GAS5 overexpression or silencing did not affect miR-145 expression. Overexpression of miR-145 and lncRNA GAS5 promoted apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation in prostate carcinoma cell lines, whereas lncRNA GAS5 knockdown had an opposite effect. In addition, lncRNA GAS5 knockdown partially attenuated the effect of miR-145 overexpression of cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. Therefore, miR-145 may inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in human prostate carcinoma by upregulating lncRNA GAS5.

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