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1.
Behav Neurol ; 2021: 4150926, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257739

RESUMO

Objective: Genetic factors play an important role in the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This case-control study was to determine the association between childhood ASD and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs3746599 in the DUSP15 gene, rs7794745 in the CNTNAP2 gene, and rs251379 in the PCDHA gene in a Chinese Han population. Methods: Genotypes of SNPs were examined in DNA extracted from blood cells from 201 children with ASD and 200 healthy controls. The Children Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was applied to evaluate the severity of the disease and language impairment. The relationship between SNPs and the risk of ASD or the severity of the disease was determined by logistic regression and one-way ANOVA. Results: The genotype G/G of rs3746599 in the DUSP15 gene was significantly associated with a decreased risk of ASD (odds ratio (OR) = 0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.42-0.99, P = 0.0449). The T allele of rs7794745 in the CNTNAP2 gene was associated with an increased risk of ASD (OR = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.01-1.77, P = 0.0435). The SNP rs251379 was not associated with ASD. Though none of the SNPs examined were associated with ASD severity, rs7794745 was associated with severity of language impairment. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that both rs3746599 in the DUSP15 gene and rs7794745 in the CNTNAP2 gene are associated with risk of childhood ASD, and rs7794745 is also related to the severity of language impairment in autistic children from a Chinese Han population.

2.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though immunotherapy has been an effective treatment for solid tumors, its efficacy in osteosarcoma remains sub-optimal. It is therefore imperative to understand the complex tumor microenvironment (TME) of osteosarcoma to facilitate the development of immunotherapies against this cancer. METHODS: The mRNA expression profiles of osteosarcoma tissues were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Next, the ssGSEA, MCP-counter, CIBERSORT, and Xcell algorithm analyses were performed to characterize the tumor microenvironment of osteosarcoma tissues. The tumor tissues were divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory. A comprehensive assessment of immune cell infiltration in osteosarcoma tissues was then performed. Sub-group analysis of immune cell infiltration between men and women patients with osteosarcoma was also carried out. RESULTS: The results revealed that the infiltration of immune cells including activated B cell, activated CD8 T cell, CD56dim natural killer cell, and cytotoxic lymphocytes cells, in osteosarcoma tissues was higher in male than in female patients. Based on the infiltration profile of different immune cells, the osteosarcoma tissues were grouped into four clusters. The four clusters were further divided into hot and cold tumors. The differently expressed genes (DEGs) between cold and hot tumors were mainly associated with the activation and regulation of immune response. Additionally, a neuronal pentraxin (NPTX2) expression which was upregulated in cold tumors was found to be negatively correlated with the expression of CD8a Molecule (CD8A), Granzyme B (GZMB), and Interferon Gamma (IFNG). NPTX2 decreased CCL4 secretion. Knockdown of NPTX2 in osteosarcoma cells inhibited tumor growth and increased tumor cell apoptosis. Moreover, a prognosis prediction model of osteosarcoma was constructed and validated in patients receiving immunotherapy using external data. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to characterize the infiltration of immune cells in osteosarcoma tissues from patients receiving immune infiltration therapy.

3.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously found that atorvastatin (ATV) enhanced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration, by a yet unknown mechanism. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is critical to cell migration and regulated by microRNA-146a (miR-146a). Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether ATV ameliorates MSCs migration through miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling. METHODS: Expression of CXCR4 was evaluated by flow cytometry. Expression of miR-146a was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A transwell system was used to assess the migration ability of MSCs. Recruitment of systematically delivered MSCs to the infarcted heart was evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Mimics of miR-146a were used in vitro, and miR-146a overexpression lentivirus was used in vivo, to assess the role of miR-146a in the migration ability of MSCs. RESULTS: The results showed that ATV pretreatment in vitro upregulated CXCR4 and induced MSCs migration. In addition, flow cytometry demonstrated that miR-146a mimics suppressed CXCR4, and ATV pretreatment no longer ameliorated MSCs migration because of decreased CXCR4. In the AMI model, miR-146a-overexpressing MSCs increased infarct size and fibrosis. CONCLUSION: The miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling pathway contributes to MSCs migration and homing induced by ATV pretreatment. miR-146a may be a novel therapeutic target for stimulating MSCs migration to the ischemic tissue for improved repair.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254419

RESUMO

Main-group ( s - and p -block) metals are generally regarded as catalytically inactive due to the delocalized s / p -band. Herein, we successfully synthesized a p -block antimony single-atom catalyst (Sb SAC) with the Sb-N 4 configuration for efficient catalysis of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The resulting Sb SAC exhibits superior ORR activity with a half-wave potential of 0.86 V and excellent stability, which outperforms many transition-metal (TM, d -block) based SACs and commercial Pt/C. In addition, it presents an excellent power density of 184.6 mW cm -2 and a high specific capacity (803.5 mAh g -1 ) in Zn-air battery. Both experiment and theoretical calculation manifest that the active catalytic sites are positively charged Sb-N 4 single-metal sites, which have closed d shells. Density of states (DOS) results unveil the p orbital of the atomically dispersed Sb cation in Sb SAC can easily interact with O 2 - p orbital to form hybrid states, facilitating the charge transfer and generating appropriate adsorption strength for oxygen intermediates, lowering the energy barrier and modulating the rate-determining step. This work sheds light on the atomic-level preparing p -block Sb metal catalyst for highly active ORR, and further provides valuable guidelines for the rational design of other main-group-metal SACs.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1264456

RESUMO

Long-term PM2.5 exposure might predispose populations to SARS-CoV-2 infection and intervention policies might interrupt SARS-CoV-2 transmission and reduce the risk of COVID-19. We conducted an ecologic study across the United States, using county-level COVID-19 incidence up to 12 September 2020, to represent the first two surges in the U.S., annual average of PM2.5 between 2000 and 2016 and state-level facemask mandates and stay home orders. We fit negative binomial models to assess COVID-19 incidence in association with PM2.5 and policies. Stratified analyses by facemask policy and stay home policy were also performed. Each 1-µg/m3 increase in annual average concentration of PM2.5 exposure was associated with 7.56% (95% CI: 3.76%, 11.49%) increase in COVID-19 risk. Facemask mandates and stay home policies were inversely associated with COVID-19 with adjusted RRs of 0.8466 (95% CI: 0.7598, 0.9432) and 0.9193 (95% CI: 0.8021, 1.0537), respectively. The associations between PM2.5 and COVID-19 were consistent among counties with or without preventive policies. Our study added evidence that long-term PM2.5 exposure increased the risk of COVID-19 during each surge and cumulatively as of 12 September 2020, in the United States. Although both state-level implementation of facemask mandates and stay home orders were effective in preventing the spread of COVID-19, no clear effect modification was observed regarding long-term exposure to PM2.5 on the risk of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Incidência , Máscaras , Material Particulado/análise , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
J BUON ; 26(3): 670-676, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268919

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Somatic mutations in the BRAF gene are common in several types of cancer, especially in ovarian serous cancer (OSC). Normally, the BRAF protein is switched on and off in response to signals that control cell growth and development. METHODS: To investigate the correlation between the mutation of BRAF gene and the expression of BRAF protein in OSC, pyrosequencing was performed to detect the mutation of the 600th codon in BRAF gene (written as Val600Glu or V600E) in 23 cases of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC), 28 cases of low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSC) and 72 cases of serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBT). Meanwhile, immunohistochemistry which stained with the specific antibody VE1 were used to clarified the expression level of BRAF V600E mutant protein. RESULTS: Finally, we found that V600E mutation in LGSC and SBT of occurred in 2 of 23 (7.1%) and 21of 72 (29.2%), respectively. The V600E mutation was not detected in 23 cases of HGSC. One case of HGSC (1, 4.3%), 3 cases of LGSC (3 of 28, 10.7%) and 25 cases of SBT (25 of 72, 34.7%) were positive expression detected by immunohistochemistry. Compared with BRAF gene mutation, the sensitivity, specificity and consistency of BRAF V600E protein were 91.3%, 92% and 91.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that BRAF mutations in LGSC and SBT, which are closely related to tumor staging. The specific antibody VE1 could be used as a preliminary screening for the mutation of BRAF gene.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1302305

RESUMO

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the mediating effects of individual affect and relationship satisfaction on the relationship between self-esteem and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). Affect was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), relationship satisfaction was assessed using a positive and negative semantic dimension scale, self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and PIU was measured using the Problematic Internet Use scale with a sample of 507 Chinese university students (Mage = 20.41 years, SD = 2.49). The relationships between the variables were tested using structural equation modelling with a multiple mediation model. The results revealed that negative affect and the negative semantic dimensions of relationship satisfaction mediated the relationship between self-esteem and PIU. The implications of the results and the study's theoretical contributions are discussed.

8.
Food Funct ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: soy protein and soy isoflavones have been suggested to be associated with improved cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., lipid profiles and uric acid (UA)), but few studies have been conducted among women with impaired glucose regulation (IGR). This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of isolated daidzein and genistein on lipid profiles, high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and uric acid (UA) among Chinese women with IGR. METHODS AND RESULTS: this randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 165 Chinese women aged 30-70 years with IGR. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: 0 mg of daidzein and genistein with 10 g soy protein (placebo group), 50 mg of daidzein with 10 g soy protein (daidzein group), or 50 mg of genistein with 10 g soy protein (genistein group) supplementation for 24 weeks. Fasting serum total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), lipoprotein a (LP (a)), hs-CRP, and UA were assessed at baseline, 12, and 24 weeks after intervention. The results showed no significant differences in the changes (%) of TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, LP (a), hs-CRP, and UA between the three treatment groups at weeks 12 or 24 (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: neither isolated daidzein nor genistein had a significant effect on cardiovascular health in Chinese women with IGR.

9.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273032

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the role of the patient's background and perceived healthcare-related factors in symptoms of acute stress after lung cancer diagnosis. METHODS: The study population consisted of 89 individuals referred for diagnostic work-up at Landspitali National University Hospital in Iceland and subsequently diagnosed with lung cancer. Before diagnosis, the patients completed questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, pre-diagnostic distress (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), social support, and resilience. At a median of 16 days after diagnosis, the patients reported symptoms of acute stress on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and experience of communication and support from healthcare professionals and family during the diagnostic period. RESULTS: Patients were on average 68 years and 52% reported high levels of post-diagnostic acute stress (IES-R > 23) while 24% reported symptoms suggestive of clinical significance (IES-R > 32). Prior history of cancer (ß = 6.7, 95% CI: 0.1 to 13.3) and pre-diagnostic distress were associated with higher levels of post-diagnostic acute stress (ß = 8.8, 95% CI: 2.7 to 14.9), while high educational level (ß = - 7.9, 95% CI: - 14.8 to - 1.1) was associated with lower levels. Controlling for the abovementioned factors, the patients' perception of optimal doctor-patient (ß = - 9.1, 95% CI: - 14.9 to - 3.3) and family communication (ß = - 8.6, 95% CI: - 14.3 to - 2.9) was inversely associated with levels of post-diagnostic acute stress after lung cancer diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer experience high levels of acute traumatic stress of potential clinical significance. Efforts to improve doctor-patient and family communication may mitigate the risk of these adverse symptoms.

10.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269555

RESUMO

Charged species from complex media could be separated and enriched taking advantage of ion concentration polarization (ICP) effect; thus, ICP can be used for sample purification and improvement of detection sensitivity. In this paper, a novel and reliable ICP interface was established on a paper-based analytical device (PAD) by using ion exchange membrane, and electrokinetic stacking of target analytes from salty media was successfully demonstrated. Steady ICP effect was well observed in aqueous solution with up to 400 mM NaCl as shown by a fluorescent probe, which makes it possible to directly process salty physiological samples such as blood and urine with this type of PAD. Application of this method was demonstrated by direct online stacking of total protein from urine samples and image-based colorimetric detection by a smartphone camera. The linear response was in the range of 50-350 mg/L (R2 = 0.99), with recovery rate in the range of 94.8-107.6% and relative standard deviation below 7.1%. The obtained results were consistent with that of the clinical method. As an off-line sample pretreatment method, the feasibility for rapid tandem mass spectrometry detection of amino acids from serum samples was also investigated, and promising results were obtained. This PAD method is of low cost, easy to operate, and reliable. As a disposable PAD, it is useful not only for sensitive point-of-care testing but also for direct purification and concentration of complex and highly conductive physiological samples for fast and accurate detection with advanced analytical instruments.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200600

RESUMO

Long-term PM2.5 exposure might predispose populations to SARS-CoV-2 infection and intervention policies might interrupt SARS-CoV-2 transmission and reduce the risk of COVID-19. We conducted an ecologic study across the United States, using county-level COVID-19 incidence up to 12 September 2020, to represent the first two surges in the U.S., annual average of PM2.5 between 2000 and 2016 and state-level facemask mandates and stay home orders. We fit negative binomial models to assess COVID-19 incidence in association with PM2.5 and policies. Stratified analyses by facemask policy and stay home policy were also performed. Each 1-µg/m3 increase in annual average concentration of PM2.5 exposure was associated with 7.56% (95% CI: 3.76%, 11.49%) increase in COVID-19 risk. Facemask mandates and stay home policies were inversely associated with COVID-19 with adjusted RRs of 0.8466 (95% CI: 0.7598, 0.9432) and 0.9193 (95% CI: 0.8021, 1.0537), respectively. The associations between PM2.5 and COVID-19 were consistent among counties with or without preventive policies. Our study added evidence that long-term PM2.5 exposure increased the risk of COVID-19 during each surge and cumulatively as of 12 September 2020, in the United States. Although both state-level implementation of facemask mandates and stay home orders were effective in preventing the spread of COVID-19, no clear effect modification was observed regarding long-term exposure to PM2.5 on the risk of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Incidência , Máscaras , Material Particulado/análise , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Phys Med Biol ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261057

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although deep learning technique has been successfully used for CT reconstruction, its implementation on cone-beam CT (CBCT) reconstruction is extremely challenging due to memory limitations. In this study, a novel deep learning technique is developed to resolve the memory issue, and its feasibility is demonstrated for CBCT reconstruction from sparsely sampled projection data. METHODS: The novel geometry-guided deep learning (GDL) technique is composed of a GDL reconstruction module and a post-processing module. The GDL reconstruction module learns and performs projection-to-image domain transformation by replacing the traditional single fully connected layer with an array of small fully connected layers in the network architecture based on the projection geometry. The deep learning post-processing module further improves image quality after reconstruction. We demonstrated the feasibility and advantage of the model by comparing ground truth CBCT with CBCT images reconstructed using 1) GDL reconstruction module only, 2) GDL reconstruction module with deep learning post-processing module, 3) Feldkamp, Davis, and Kress (FDK) only, 4) FDK with deep learning post-processing module, 5) ray-tracing only, and 6) ray-tracing with deep learning post-processing module. The differences are quantified by peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), structural similarity index measure (SSIM), and root-mean-square error (RMSE). RESULTS: CBCT images reconstructed with GDL show improvements in quantitative scores of PSNR, SSIM, and RMSE. Reconstruction time per image for all reconstruction methods are comparable. Compared to current deep learning methods using large fully connected layers, the estimated memory requirement using GDL is four orders of magnitude less, making deep learning CBCT reconstruction feasible. CONCLUSION: With much lower memory requirement compared to other existing networks, the GDL technique is demonstrated to be the first deep learning technique that can rapidly and accurately reconstruct CBCT images from sparsely sampled data.

13.
Mult Scler ; : 13524585211031128, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression and use of antidepressants are more common among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to the general population, but the relation of psychiatric comorbidity to use of different disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether risk of incident depression or antidepressant use differed across DMTs, and to assess whether depression and antidepressants affected risk of DMT discontinuation and MS relapses. METHODS: We prospectively followed for 8 years a register-based nationwide cohort of 3803 relapsing-remitting MS patients. RESULTS: Patients on rituximab had a lower risk of being diagnosed with depression or initiating antidepressants compared with the reference group treated with interferons (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.54-0.96). Patients diagnosed with depression discontinued interferon treatment to a higher extent than patients without depression (HR = 1.51; 95% CI = 1.15-1.98), as did patients on fingolimod initiating an antidepressant compared to patients who did not initiate an antidepressant (HR = 1.47; 95% CI = 1.04-2.08). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the choice of DMT is associated with subsequent risk of depression in MS, but further studies are needed to establish whether there is a causal link. Overall, depression and use of antidepressants displayed limited associations with DMT discontinuation and MS relapse.

14.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 054702, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243348

RESUMO

A transportable fountain clock with high reliability is important for high-precision time-frequency measurements. Because of its relatively small cold atoms' collision frequency shift and ease of attaining high quantum state preparation efficiency, the rubidium atomic fountain clock has an indicated higher stability and reliability. This paper reports the design and operation of a transportable rubidium atomic fountain clock developed by the Shanghai Institute of Optical and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Science. After being transported more than 1000 km from Shanghai to the Changping Campus of the National Institute of Metrology, China, the optical platform and other hardware of the fountain clock did not need to be adjusted. The rubidium fountain clock maintained a stability of 4.0 × 10-13τ1/2, reaching 5.0 × 10-16 at 300 000 s. After transportation, the rubidium fountain clock and a cesium fountain clock (NIM5) were operated together against the reference frequency of a hydrogen maser. In three separate operating periods, over a total of nearly three months, the average frequency repeatability of the rubidium fountain was less than 3.8 × 10-15.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 417: 125997, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229406

RESUMO

Arsenic is the leading toxicant of hazardous environmental chemicals, which is linked with neurotoxicity including cognitive dysfunction, neurodevelopmental alterations and neurodegenerative disorders. It has been suggested that sustained pro-inflammatory response is one of the triggering factors of arsenic-induced neurotoxicity. Microglia, the immune cells in the central nervous system, response to physiological and pathological stress, and release a large array of pro-inflammatory cytokines if activated excessively. Several studies indicated that arsenic was capable of inducing microglia activation, however, the role of the subsequently released pro-inflammatory cytokines in arsenic-induced neurotoxicity remains to be elucidated. Our findings demonstrated that arsenic-induced cognitive dysfunction, microglia activation, up-regulation and release of IL-1ß and ER stress-mediated apoptosis could be attenuated by minocycline, a recognized inhibitor of microglia activation. In addition, the IL-1 receptor antagonist IL-1ra diminished arsenic-induced activation of ER stress-mediated apoptotic pathway PERK/eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP and neuronal apoptosis. Our findings provided evidences that arsenic-induced microglia activation also contributed to neuronal apoptosis through pro-inflammatory cytokine. Microglia-derived IL-1ß promoted hippocampal neuronal apoptosis through ER stress-mediated PERK/eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP apoptotic pathway. Neuronal apoptosis induced by prolonged activation of microglia was partially involved in the arsenic-induced cognitive dysfunction.

16.
J Adv Res ; 31: 25-34, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194830

RESUMO

Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of many biological functions, including embryo implantation and development. Recently, it has been reported that miRNAs in biofluids are predictive for physiological and pathological processes. Objectives: In this study, we aim to investigate whether the miRNAs secreted by human embryos in culture medium can be used as embryonic biomarkers. Methods: The culture media were prospectively collected from embryos of patients at reproductive medicine center with informed consent. A high-throughput miRNA sequencing method was applied to detect the miRNA profiles in the human embryo culture media. After bioinformatics analysis and screening of differentially expressed miRNAs, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay was subsequently performed to further confirm the sequencing results with mixed samples. Furthermore, we performed droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) to verify the target miRNAs at single sample level. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed for differentially expressed miRNAs. Results: Compared with embryos with failed pregnancy, the embryos with successful pregnancy secreted different miRNA profiles into the culture media, which were predicted to be involved in multiple biological processes. Validated by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR), the expression of hsa-miR-26b-5p and hsa-miR-21-5p in the culture media of cleavage embryos with successful pregnancy was significantly lower than that of embryos with failed pregnancy. Moreover, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis indicated that hsa-miR-26b-5p and hsa-miR-21-5p could serve as potential biomarkers for reproductive outcomes. Conclusion: Together, our findings highlight the important predictive potential of miRNAs secreted by human embryos in culture media, which is meaningful for non-invasive embryo selection in assisted reproductive technology.

17.
JSLS ; 25(2)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248340

RESUMO

Background: Minimally invasive surgery is currently a preferred treatment for symptomatic ovarian cyst(s), with single-site techniques, such as transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (TU-LESS) and transvaginal laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (TV-LESS), gaining increasing popularity. Although both methods have delivered positive outcomes, there is currently limited literature directly comparing TU-LESS and TV-LESS. Objectives: This study had two primary objectives: (1) to evaluate the safety and feasibility of TV-LESS and TU-LESS for the treatment of ovarian cysts and (2) to compare the surgical and postoperative outcomes of the two procedures. Method: This was a prospective observational clinical analysis of 81 patients with a diagnosis of benign ovarian cyst with indication for TV-LESS or TU-LESS. Surgeries were performed at a tertiary hospital between February 1, 2018 and January 31, 2020. Patients were divided into TV-LESS (n = 40) and TU-LESS groups (n = 40), with one excluded due to severe pelvic adhesive disease. Demographics, operation outcomes, and follow-up details were compared. Results: All 80 patients underwent uncomplicated procedures. The two groups were demographically matched (except age), with no difference in operation time, intra-operative blood loss, hemoglobin loss, and hospitalization costs (P > 0.05). However, TV-LESS patients had significantly faster time to ambulation (P < 0.001), faster time to return of bowel function (P < 0.001), less postoperative pain level (P < 0.001), and shorter length of hospital stay (P < 0.001). The cosmetic scores at 1, 4, and 24 weeks after surgery were also higher for the TV-LESS group. Conclusion: Our preliminary experience suggested that TU-LESS and TV-LESS are both feasible and safe for ovarian cystectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy. However, TV-LESS may provide three main advantages including: (1) fewer postoperative complications (i.e. incisional hernia); (2) less postoperative pain; and (3) improved cosmetic satisfaction.

18.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA121034136, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic liver disease (CLD) is a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in acutely ill patients. For patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), the association between CLD and mortality remains unknown. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed consecutive aSAH patients admitted to the West China Hospital between 2009 and 2019. The primary outcome was in-hospital all-cause mortality. RESULTS: This study included 6228 cases of aSAH, 489 (7.9%) of whom also had CLD. In a propensity-matched analysis, CLD was associated with increased mortality in patients with aSAH compared with non-CLD (odds ratio, 2.04 [95% CI, 1.43-2.92]). In aSAH patients with CLD, a high Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was still associated with an increased odds of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Among aSAH patients, CLD was associated with increased mortality compared with non-CLD. Among aSAH patients with CLD, a higher Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was associated with an increased odds of mortality.

19.
World J Pediatr ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have assessed the association between cerebral palsy (CP) and assisted reproductive technology (ART), but the results remain controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of CP after ART compared with natural conceptions and to examine CP risk separately in ART singletons, multiples and preterm births. METHODS: Web-based databases (PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) were searched until November 22, 2020. Studies which compare CP rates after ART with natural conceptions were included. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Effect estimates were extracted and combined using the fixed-effects or random-effects model depending on the heterogeneity test. RESULTS: There were nine studies included in the meta-analysis. The included studies were of moderate or high quality. A significantly higher risk of CP [odds ratio (OR) = 2.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.72-2.74] was found in ART children (n = 89,214) compared with naturally conceived children (n = 4,160,745). The significantly higher risk decreased when data were restricted to singletons (OR = 1.36, 95% CI 1.16-1.59) and disappeared when data were restricted to multiples (OR = 1.05, 95% CI 0.86-1.29) or preterm births (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 0.66-3.56). Subgroup and sensitivity analyses indicated that the overall results were robust. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of CP is increased more than two-fold after ART. This increased risk is largely due to increased rates of multiple birth and preterm delivery in ART children.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 521: 131-136, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the limitations like reverse causation and residual confounding commonly seen in the observational studies, the relationship between serum immunoglobulins and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remains unclear. METHODS: Summary statistics from large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) among European ancestry populations (~15,000 individuals for serum immunoglobulins, and more than 36,000 individuals for ALS) were accessed and used in the discovery and replication phase, respectively. Polygenic risk score analysis was performed to test the polygenic association, and Mendelian randomization analysis was used to infer the causality. RESULTS: An inverse polygenic association was discovered between IgA and ALS, as well as between IgM and ALS. Such associations were however not replicated using a larger GWAS of ALS, and no causal association was observed for either IgA-ALS or IgM-ALS. For IgG and ALS, a positive polygenic association was both discovered [odds ratio (OR) = 1.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-1.25, P = 5.9x10-7] and replicated (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.06-1.20, P = 0.001). A causal association between IgG and ALS was suggested in the discovery analysis (OR = 1.06, 95 %CI: 1.02-1.10, P = 0.009), but it was not statistically significant in the replication analysis (OR = 1.07, 95 %CI: 0.90-1.24, P = 0.420). CONCLUSION: This study suggests a positive polygenic association between serum IgG and ALS.

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