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1.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32191906

RESUMO

The human-agent collaboration (HAC) is a prospective research topic whose great applications and future scenarios have attracted vast attention. In a broad sense, the HAC system (HACS) can be broken down into six elements: ``Man,'' ``Agents,'' ``Goal,'' ``Network,'' ``Environment,'' and ``Tasks.'' By merging these elements and building a relation graph, this article proposes a systematic analysis framework for HACS, and attempts to make a comprehensive analysis of these elements and their relationships. We coin the abbreviation ``MAGNET'' to name the framework by stringing together the initials of the above six terms. The framework provides novel insights into analyzing various HAC patterns and integrates different types of HACSs in a unifying way. The presentation of the HACS framework is divided into two parts. This article, part I, presents the systematic analysis framework. Part II proposes a normalized two-stage top-level design procedure for designing an HACS from the perspective of MAGNET.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141492

RESUMO

Glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß), a serine/threonine protein kinase, is widely distributed in mammalian brains. Since GSK-3ß plays a vital role in the development of neurodegenerative disorders, the present study was designed to investigate the role of GSK-3ß in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in aged mice. Morris water maze test was used to examine mouse cognitive function. BBB permeability was examined by the leakage of fluorescence signals of low-molecular weight dextran. GSK-3ß inhibitor, 4-benzyl-2-methyl-1,2,4-thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione (TDZD-8), was administrated in aged mice and in cultured mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). Compared with young mice, aged mice had increased leftover signals of dextran in the hippocampus and a lower score in the maze test, suggesting that aged mice have abnormal leakage of BBB and cognitive dysfunction. The protein expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was increased, whereas the protein expressions of junction proteins (claudin1 and claudin5) were reduced in endothelial cells of BBB in aged mice. Phosphorylated level of serine 9, an inhibitory residue in GSK-3ß protein, was decreased. TDZD-8 treatment downregulated TLR4 protein expression, upregulated claudin1 and claudin5 protein expressions, and significantly improved cognitive function in aged mice. In bEnd.3 cells, TDZD-8 treatment reduced TLR4 expression and increased claudin5 expression in cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharides. In conclusion, the inhibition of GSK-3ß activity downregulates aging-induced TLR4 expression and restores the BBB integrity, resulting in the improvement of cognitive function in aged mice.

3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 190: 112131, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078861

RESUMO

Cryptic pockets, which are not apparent in crystallographic structures, provide promising alternatives to traditional binding sites for drug development. However, identifying cryptic pockets is extremely challenging and the therapeutic potential of cryptic pockets remains unclear. Here, we reported the discovery of novel inhibitors for striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP), a potential drug target for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, based on cryptic pocket detection. By combining the use of molecular dynamics simulations and fragment-centric topographical mapping, we identified transiently open cryptic pockets and identified 12 new STEP inhibition scaffolds through structure-based virtual screening. Site-directed mutagenesis verified the binding of ST3 with the predicted cryptic pockets. Moreover, the most potent and selective inhibitors could modulate the phosphorylation of both ERK1/2 and Pyk2 in PC12 cells.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 191: 112142, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088497

RESUMO

The upregulation of the protein myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) is closely associated with various human cancers, which can result in the evasion of apoptosis and a low survival rate. Therefore, developing Mcl-1 inhibitors has become a promising paradigm for cancer therapy. Herein, we designed and synthesized a novel series of tyrosine derivatives, among which compounds 5g, 6l and 6c exhibited very high binding affinity to Mcl-1 with Ki values of 0.18, 0.27 and 0.23 µM, respectively. Interestingly, compound 6l showed not only potent activity against Mcl-1 but also considerable selectivity over Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, which was rationalized by molecular docking and fragment-centric topographical mapping (FCTM). It is worth noting that compounds 5g, 6l and 6c displayed potent antiproliferative activity against several cancer cell lines and could induce apoptosis of KM3 and HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner.

5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(4): 1118-1125, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895982

RESUMO

The conventional colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay (AuNP-ICA) cannot meet the requirements for the rapid and sensitive detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 because of its poor sensitivity. Herein, a novel two-step cascade signal amplification strategy that integrates in situ gold growth and nanozyme-mediated catalytic deposition was proposed to enhance the detection sensitivity of conventional AuNP-ICA dramatically. The enhanced strip displayed ultrahigh sensitivity in E. coli O157:H7 detection and had a detection limit of 1.25 × 101 CFU/mL, which is approximately 400-fold lower than that of traditional AuNP-ICA (5 × 103 CFU/mL). The amplified strip had no background signal in the T-line zone in the absence of E. coli O157:H7 even after one round of cascade signal amplification. The enhanced strip demonstrated excellent selectivity against E. coli O157:H7 with a negligible cross-reaction to nine other common pathogens. Intra-assays and interassays showed that the improved strip has acceptable accuracy and precision for determining E. coli O157:H7. The average recoveries in a real milk sample ranged from 87.33 to 112.15%, and the coefficients of variation were less than 10%. The enhanced strip also showed great potential in detecting a single E. coli O157:H7 cell in a 75 µL solution.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Imunoensaio/métodos , Leite/microbiologia , Animais , Bovinos , Escherichia coli O157/genética , Limite de Detecção
6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(4): 415-423, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has recently emerged as a potential inflammatory biomarker and has been shown to be significantly associated with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, we aimed to explore the association of PLR with in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and the severity of CAD assessed by the Gensini score (GS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: A total of 502 patients with AMI consecutively treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (Qingdao, China) and underwent coronary angiography from August 2017 to December 2018 were recruited in this study. The demographic, clinical, angiographic characteristics, and laboratory parameters were collected. According to the presence of in-hospital MACEs, the included patients were divided into the MACE group (n = 81) and the non-MACE group (n = 421). Further, according to tertiles of the GS, the patients were classified into three groups: the low GS group (GS ≤ 32 points, n = 173), medium GS group (32 points < GS ≤ 60 points, n = 169), and high GS group (60 points < GS ≤ 180 points, n = 160). The main statistical methods included Chi-squared test, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, logistic regression, and receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The PLR in the MACE group was significantly higher than that in the non-MACE group (179.43 [132.84, 239.74] vs. 116.11 [87.98, 145.45], Z = -8.109, P < 0.001). Further, there were significant differences in PLR among the tertiles of GS (110.05 [84.57, 139.06] vs. 119.78 [98.44, 157.98] vs. 140.00 [102.27, 191.83], H = 19.524, P < 0.001). PLR was demonstrated to be an independent risk factor of in-hospital MACEs (odds ratio [OR]: 1.012, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.006-1.018, P < 0.001) and severe CAD assessed by the GS (OR: 1.004, 95% CI: 1.002-1.009, P = 0.042). The cutoff value of PLR for predicting the development of in-hospital MACEs was 151.28 with a sensitivity of 66.7% and a specificity of 78.1% (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.786, 95% CI: 0.730-0.842, P < 0.001), and a PLR of 139.31 was also identified to be an effective cutoff point for detecting a high GS (>60 points) with a sensitivity of 49.4% and a specificity of 69.6% (AUC: 0.611, 95% CI: 0.556-0.666, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PLR as a novel inflammatory marker is significantly and independently associated with the occurrence of in-hospital MACEs and the severity of CAD assessed by the GS in patients with AMI. As an easily available and inexpensive inflammatory indicator, PLR could be widely used as an efficient inflammatory biomarker for identifying high-risk patients and for individualizing targeted therapy to improve the prognosis of AMI.

7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(9): 9297-9306, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916157

RESUMO

As the derivatives and structural analogs of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) have attracted increasing concern. However, knowledge of the photochemical behaviors of OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in water is limited. Here, we used density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory to examine the structure-related photochemical properties of OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in water and the effects of metal ions as environmental factors. Eight 6-OH-PBDEs with 1-8 bromine substituents and eight 6-MeO-PBDEs with 1-8 bromine substituents were selected for this study. The optimized geometries of the selected congeners and their complexes with metals in the lowest excited triplet state (T1) showed that one C-Br bond moderately or significantly elongated. The elongated C-Br bond in the T1 state was shown in the ortho-position for the 6-OH-PBDE congeners and the ortho-position or the meta-position for the 6-MeO-PBDE congeners. For the selected congeners, there were significant positive linear correlations between the number of bromine atoms (NBr) and the calculated average atomic charge of bromine and maximum electronic absorbance wavelength (λmax), and a negative linear correlation between the NBr and average bond dissociation energy of C-O bonds (BDEC-O). The photoreactivities of the 6-OH-PBDEs and 6-MeO-PBDEs increased with an increase in the bromination degree with or without metal ions. The calculated average atomic charge of bromine and BDEC-O of the complexes with Mg2+/Zn2+ was higher and lower than those of the corresponding monomers, respectively, indicating that the presence of Mg2+/Zn2+ increased the photoreactivity (debromination and dissociation of C-O bond) of the selected 6-OH-PBDEs and 6-MeO-PBDEs. The effects of the coordination of Mg2+/Zn2+ may be overestimated due to their missing explicit solvation shell. These results provide vital insight into the photochemical properties of OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in water.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 257: 113451, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706783

RESUMO

Novel metal-oxide-doped microplastic particles (MMPs) have become emerging particulate plastics. The toxicity of MMPs in the aquatic environment remains unknown yet. In this study, toxicological effects of a representative MMP (iron-oxide core) with the nominal diameter of 1 µm and two different surface functional groups, amine-modified (MPS (Fe)-NH2) and carboxyl-modified (MPS (Fe)-COOH) polystyrene, were investigated by toxicity testing using Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Daphnia magna. The aquatic toxicity of two microplastic particles (MPS-NH2 and MPS-COOH) with the same particle size and surface modification in the absence of iron-oxide core was also observed and compared. Results show that the toxicity of MPS (Fe)-NH2 to the studied organisms (in terms of median effective concentration) was greater than the MPS (Fe)-COOH and non-iron-oxide-doped microplastic particles. Moreover, the MMPs mainly contributed to the toxicity rather than their dissolved fraction. The accumulation (based on total Fe) of MPS (Fe)-NH2 in C. pyrenoidosa was higher than the MPS (Fe)-COOH at low effect concentrations. The observations by optical microscopy indicated that the MPS (Fe)-NH2 was heavily adsorbed on the surface and distributed over the antennae, carapace, and apical spine of D. magna body whereas the MPS (Fe)-COOH was mainly accumulated inside the digestive tract of the daphnia. Furthermore, the analysis of intracellular reactive oxygen species level and antioxidant capacity confirmed that the intensities of the toxic effects cannot be linked to oxidative stress induced by the particles in the algae and daphnids. This work provides valuable insights into the ecological effects of MMPs, which is helpful for the quantitative assessment of food chain transfer of microplastics.

9.
Adv Ther ; 37(1): 431-449, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost-effectiveness of reimbursing infliximab for moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease (MS-CD) in China from the perspective of public insurance payers. METHODS: A decision-analytic model with a lifetime time horizon was constructed to simulate the disease progression and direct medical costs in Chinese MS-CD patients under two scenarios: reimbursing infliximab vs. not reimbursing infliximab. A cross-sectional study and literature review were conducted to estimate model variables. The constructed decision-analytic model ran the base case, one-way sensitivity, and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (PSA) to assess the cost-effectiveness of reimbursing infliximab using reimbursed medical costs. RESULTS: Base case analysis discounting health benefits and costs estimated that reimbursing infliximab could increase overall survival by 0.604 years, increase total quality-adjusted life years (QALY) by 0.697 QALY, reduce absolute lifetime surgery risk by 13.1%, and increase reimbursed costs by ¥29,409. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio per gained additional QALY (ICER) based on discounted health benefits and reimbursed medical costs (3% per year) was ¥42,198. The one-way sensitivity analyses identified that the cost-effectiveness of reimbursing infliximab for MS-CD was mainly driven by the treatment efficacies of maintenance therapy, quality of life, and unit price of infliximab. PSA estimated that reimbursing infliximab was associated with a 63.8% chance to be cost-effective under the willingness-to-pay of the 2018 Chinese gross domestic product per capita (GDPPC). CONCLUSION: Reimbursing infliximab for MS-CD in Chinese patients was highly attractive, costing Chinese public insurance payers less than the 2018 Chinese GDPPC to gain 1 QALY.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 249: 112408, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751653

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Herb Ephedra (Ma Huang in Chinese)-Ramulus Cinnamomi (Gui Zhi in Chinese) herb pair is a classic traditional Chinese herb pair used to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis. In previous study, we found that chronic administration of ma huang induced obvious neurodegeneration in rat brains, with the prefrontal cortex showing the greatest effect. Gui zhi decreased hyperactivity produced by repeated ma huang administration, and attenuated oxidative stress in rat prefrontal cortex induced by ma huang. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study was aimed to investigate the protective effect of gui zhi on ma huang-induced abnormal levels of four amino acid neurotransmitters in rat prefrontal cortex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All ma huang and ma huang-gui zhi herb pair extracts were prepared using methods of traditional Chinese medicine and were normalized based on the ephedrine content. Two-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (6 rats/group) were administered ma huang or ma huang-gui zhi herb pair extracts for 1, 3, 5 or 7 days (ephedrine = 48 mg/kg). The contents of ephedrine, glutamate (Glu), aspartic acid (Asp), glycine (Gly), and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the prefrontal cortex were determined using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) at 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 h after administration. RESULTS: Ma huang significantly enhanced the levels of GABA, Gly, Glu and Asp in the prefrontal cortex, while gui zhi partially abolished the effects. CONCLUSIONS: Ma huang-induced neurotoxicity may be associated with its effects on amino acid neurotransmitters. Gui zhi is a promising neuroprotective agent against for ma huang-induced neurotoxicity. The information presented in this study will help supplement the available data for future ma huang-gui zhi herb pair compatibility studies.

11.
Pest Manag Sci ; 76(1): 366-374, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) MED, is a destructive insect pest in many countries of the world. Although the use of insecticides for controlling B. tabaci has been effective to a certain extent, pesticides are not an acceptable long-term control method, and alternatives should be sought. This paper focuses on the possibility of controlling B. tabaci on cotton using trap and barrier crops. We performed field experiments using cantaloupe (Cucumis melo) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus) as trap crops, and maize (Zea mays) as a barrier crop in various configurations in Hebei Province, North China. RESULTS: The main activity periods were shortest on cantaloupe and ranged between 16-32 days for immatures and 14-33 days for adults. Adult whitefly densities were not significantly reduced by any treatment. During the main activity period, maize intercropping reduced densities of immature whiteflies from 24.2 individuals (ind.) 100 cm-2 to 4.0 ind.100 cm-2 , but all treatments were successful in significantly reducing immature B. tabaci densities. This resulted in a significant yield premium. CONCLUSIONS: Intercropping reduced B. tabaci densities on cotton more than perimeter planting. Maize was more effective to reduce densities of immature whiteflies on cotton than cantaloupe. The results will contribute to the development of more effective and practical approaches for protecting cotton from B. tabaci and lowering chemical pressure on this crop. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cucumis melo , Hemípteros , Animais , China , Produtos Agrícolas , Inseticidas
12.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794408

RESUMO

In this article, the problem of distributed robust fault estimation (FE) for leader-follower multiagent systems using relative measurements is considered. A distributed intermediate-based fault estimator is constructed using the local relative measurements and the state estimation from neighbors. The gain matrices of the fault estimator are calculated based on H∞ performance in terms of linear matrix inequality (LMI) to improve the robustness of the estimator. Then, the LMI is separated and simplified by spectral decomposition, and its equivalent condition is proposed based on the maximum and minimum eigenvalue. A distributed eigenvalue estimation algorithm based on the power method is presented to fully distribute the proposed FE scheme. Finally, the numerical simulations are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

13.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(11): 2061-2068, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814354

RESUMO

Biosynthesis of gold-silver alloy nanoparticles (Au-AgNPs) is a simple operation and ecological friendly, but with limited reports on the availability of fungal resources. In this study, cell-free extracts of Mariannaea sp. HJ was used to synthesize Au-AgNPs, and the effects of the different ratios of Au and Ag ion concentrations on the synthesis of Au-AgNPs were also studied. The results clearly showed that the ratio of Au and Ag ion concentrations had an impact on the composition of Au-AgNPs. With the Ag ion increasing, the color of culture supernatant changed from light purple to brown and an obvious blue shift of characteristic absorption peak was observed in UV-vis spectra, indicating an increase of the percentage of Ag in the Au-AgNPs. Transmission electron microscope showed that the morphologies of the Au-AgNPs were mainly spherical and pseudo spherical, and the average particle sizes of the Au-AgNPs at three different ion concentrations, including 0.5:0.5, 0.5:1.5 and 0.5:3.0, were 19.24 nm, 15.99 nm and 19.33 nm, respectively. X-ray diffraction results showed that the Au-AgNPs had a surface-centered cubic structure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to characterize and speculate the involvement of -OH, -NH3 and -COOH functional groups in the reduction and stability process of Au-AgNPs. Furthermore, 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) was used to explore catalytic activity of Au-AgNPs. Catalytic experiments demonstrated that the Au-AgNPs had a good catalytic activity on 4-NP reduction with a catalytic reaction rate constant of 7.85×10⁻³ s⁻¹. In brief, the present study suggested that Mariannaea sp. HJ could synthesize Au-AgNPs with good dispersity, and had a potential application in the catalytic reduction of nitro aromatic hydrocarbons.


Assuntos
Fungos , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Catálise , Fungos/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
14.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 427, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telocytes (TCs) are newly identified interstitial cells that participate in tissue protection and repair. The present study investigated the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of TCs in a mouse model of respiratory distress. METHODS: The mouse model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was established by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After instillation of TCs culture medium, lung injury was assessed, and angiogenesis markers, including CD31 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), were detected by immunofluorescence. Bioinformatics analysis was used to screen significantly differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in cultured TCs stimulated with LPS, and the regulation of downstream angiogenesis genes by these miRNAs was analysed and verified. PI3K subunits and pathways were evaluated by using a PI3K p110α inhibitor to study the involved mechanisms. RESULTS: In ARDS mice, instillation of TCs culture medium ameliorated LPS-induced inflammation and lung injury and increased the protein levels of CD31 and eNOS in the injured lungs. A total of 7 miRNAs and 1899 mRNAs were differentially regulated in TCs stimulated with LPS. Functional prediction analysis showed that the differentially expressed mRNAs were enriched in angiogenesis-related processes, which were highly correlated with miR-21a-3p. Culture medium from TCs with miR-21a-3p inhibition failed to promote angiogenesis in mouse models of LPS-induced ARDS. In cultured TCs, LPS stimulation upregulated the expression of miR-21a-3p, which further targeted the transcription factor E2F8 and decreased Notch2 protein expression. TCs culture medium enhanced hemangioendothelioma endothelial cells (EOMA cells) proliferation, which was blocked by the miR-21a-3p inhibitor. The PI3K p110α inhibitor decreased vascular endothelial growth factor levels in LPS-stimulated TCs and reversed the enhancing effect of TCs culture medium on EOMA cells proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: TCs exerted protective effects under inflammatory conditions by promoting angiogenesis via miR-21a-3p. The PI3K p110α subunit and transcriptional factor E2F8 could be involved in this process.

15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 962, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing is more sensitive than cytology for the detection of cervical cancer and its precursors. However, limited and inconsistent data are available about the efficacy of the combination of these two methods for screening cervical adenocarcinoma. This multicenter retrospective study investigated the screening results of a cohort of Chinese patients who were subsequently diagnosed with invasive cervical adenocarcinoma, with the goal of identifying the optimal cervical adenocarcinoma screening method. METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved and analyzed the data from patients with histologically confirmed primary invasive cervical adenocarcinoma from eight local pathology laboratories operated by KingMed Diagnostics, the largest independent operator of pathology laboratories in China, over a 2-year period. Only patients who underwent cytology and/or HR-HPV testing within 6 months before the adenocarcinoma diagnosis were included. HR-HPV DNA was detected using one of two HPV test kits: the Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) assay (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) and an HPV genotyping panel (Yaneng Bio, Shenzhen, China). RESULTS: Of the 311 patients, 136 underwent cytology alone, 106 underwent HR-HPV testing alone, and 69 underwent cytology and HR-HPV co-testing. The sensitivities of cytology alone (64.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 55.9-72.0) and HR-HPV testing alone (66.0, 95% CI: 57.0-75.1) were similar (P = 0.738). The sensitivity of cytology and HR-HPV co-testing (87.0, 95% CI: 79.0-94.9) was significantly higher than that of either cytology (P = 0.001) or HR-HPV testing alone (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Both cytology alone and HR-HPV testing alone showed poor screening efficiency, whereas the combination of the two clearly increased the efficiency of primary cervical adenocarcinoma screening. Thus, cytology and HR-HPV co-testing might be the most efficient cervical adenocarcinoma screening method.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Laboratórios , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
16.
Curr Drug Targets ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670620

RESUMO

AIMS: This study provided an overview of several emerging anti-diabetic molecules. BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder involving dysregulation of glucose homeostasis at various levels. Insulin, which is produced by ß-pancreatic cells, is a chief orchestrator of glucose metabolism, regulating its consumption within cells, which leads to energy generation or storage as glycogen. Abnormally lower insulin secretion from ß-cells, insulin insensitivity, and insulin tolerance lead to higher plasma glucose levels, resulting in metabolic complications. The last century has witnessed extraordinary efforts by the scientific community to develop anti-diabetic drugs, and these efforts yielded the discovery of exogenous insulin and various classes of oral anti-diabetic drugs. OBJECTIVE: Despite these exhaustive anti-diabetic pharmaceutical and therapeutic efforts, long-term glycemic control, hypoglycemic crisis, safety issues, large-scale economic burden, side effects remain core problems. METHOD: The last decade has witnessed the development of various new classes of anti-diabetic drugs with different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics profiles. Details of their FDA approvals and advantages/disadvantages are summarized in this review, Result: Salient features of insulin degludec, sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors, glucokinase activators, fibroblast growth factor 21 receptor agonists, and GLP-1 agonists are discussed. CONCLUSION: In the future, these new anti-diabetic drugs should have broad clinical applicability.

17.
Insects ; 10(12)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771090

RESUMO

The frequency and amplitude of heat waves are predicted to increase under future climate change conditions. We still lack a detailed understanding of how changes in the frequency and amplitude of heat waves are linked to the life history traits and biocontrol efficiency of host-feeding parasitoids. In the present study, we simulated a series of heat waves as a function of amplitude and frequency to investigate the effects on the life history traits of the host-feeding parasitoid Eretmocerus hayati. We found that both the amplitude and frequency of heat waves significantly affected the adult phenotypes. In the low-amplitude heat wave group, the frequency of heat waves did not change the life history traits of the parasitoid; however, when the heat amplitude reached 42 °C, medium (four times/week) and high frequencies (seven times/week) of heat waves detrimentally affected these parameters. Hence, these findings suggest that to obtain optimal biological control with this parasitoid, we need to carefully monitor heat wave pattern (especially the amplitude and frequency) over the short term (usually 7-10 days) before releasing a host-feeding parasitoid.

18.
Analyst ; 145(1): 249-256, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746825

RESUMO

Conventional dissociation-enhanced lanthanide (Ln3+) fluoroimmunoassays (DELFIAs) using Ln3+ chelate-labeled antibodies as molecular probes exhibit limited sensitivity because of their relatively low Ln3+ labeling ratio per biomolecule. Herein, we applied gold nanoflowers (AuNFs) as amplified nanocarriers to increase the Ln3+ labeling ratio in a single molecular binding event for improving the sensitivity of traditional DELFIA. Two thiolated amphiphilic ligands (thiolated ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and thiolated acylhydrazine-terminated ligands), consisting of a hydrophobic alkane chain, oligo(ethylene glycol) unit, and functional terminal of the EDTA or acylhydrazine group, were designed for the surface modification of AuNFs. The resultant ligand-coated AuNFs exhibited dual functions of Ln3+ chelation via the EDTA group and oriented attachment of antibodies via the acylhydrazine group. By utilizing 80 nm AuNFs as amplified carriers, we demonstrated that the maximum Eu3+ loading amount reached 1.07 × 104 Eu3+ ions per AuNF, which is approximately two to three orders of magnitude higher than that of traditional molecular probes, thereby amplifying the luminescence signal and enhancing the sensitivity of DELFIA. By combining a magnetic-mediated sandwich-type DELFIA method, the designed amplified AuNF nanoprobes achieved an ultrasensitive luminescence detection of Cronobacter muytjensii with a limit of detection (LOD) of 1.2 × 102 cfu mL-1 in a powdered infant formula. This LOD value was ca. 230-fold lower than that of the traditional colorimetric immunoassay. The designed signal amplification strategy using bifunctional ligand-modified AuNFs as enhanced Ln3+ nanocarriers provided a huge potential for building various ultrasensitive luminescence immunoassays for in vitro biodetection.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781285

RESUMO

Objective: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapies have been widely used for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA) for thousands of years. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the curative efficacy and safety of TCM for treating AGA. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM for the treatment of AGA through March 2019 were systematically identified in 4 English databases, namely, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science, and 4 Chinese databases, namely, Sino-Med, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and WanFang. Quality assessment and data analysis were performed by Review Manager 5.3.5, and Stata 15.1 was used to cope with publication bias. Results: 30 RCTs involving 2615 patients were randomly divided into a TCM group and a conventional medicine (CM) group. The results showed that the total efficacy rate (TER) of the TCM group was significantly higher than that of the control group (OR = 3.34, 95% CI = 2.75-4.05, P < 0.00001). The total symptom score (TSS) of the TCM group was markedly reduced when compared with the CM group (SMD = -0.86; 95% CI = -1.19, -0.53; P < 0.00001). The microelement levels (Fe2+, Zn2+, and Cu2+) in hair were significantly improved when complemented with TCM therapy. In addition, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of adverse events (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.29-1.05, P=0.07). Conclusions: In view of the effectiveness and safety of TCM, the present meta-analysis suggests that TCM could be recommended as an effective and safe adjuvant therapy for the treatment of AGA by improving the TER, symptoms, serum testosterone levels, and microelement levels. However, long-term and higher-quality RCTs are needed to overcome the limitations of the selected studies and more precisely interrogate the efficacy and safety of TCM.

20.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 606-610, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of marine fish collagen oligopeptide and calcium aspartate alone or in combination on bone mineral density in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Sixty three-month-old SPF Wistar female rats were randomly divided into 6 groups according to their body weight: sham operation group, model control group(ovariectomy), calcium aspartate group(ovariectomy), marine fish collagen oligopeptide group(ovariectomy), aspartate calcium + marine fish collagen oligopeptide group(ovariectomy) and calcium carbonate control group(ovariectomy), 10 rats in each group. The sham operation group and the model control group were given the same volume of pure water by gavage, and the other groups were intragastrically administered with calcium aspartate(116. 7 mg/kg), marine fish collagen oligopeptide(250 mg/kg), calcium aspartate(116. 7 mg/kg) + marine fish collagen oligopeptide(250 mg/kg), calcium carbonate(35. 6 mg/kg), and the test substance was continuously administered for 90 days. After 90 days, the animals were sacrificed, and the liver and kidney of the rats were taken to calculate the organ coefficient and pathological examination. The rat femurs were taken to measure bone mineral density and bone calcium content and rat serum was used to determine serum calcium, phosphorus concentration and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity. RESULTS: Bone mineral density and bone calcium content in the model group were significantly lower than those in the sham operation group(P<0. 05), indicating that the osteoporosis model was successfully established by oophorectomy. There was no significant difference in the organ index of each group(P>0. 05), liver/kidney HE staining microscopic examination showed no abnormal changes, indicating the safety of the test substances. The bone mineral density of the aspartate calcium + marine fish collagen oligopeptide group was significantly greater than that of the model group(P<0. 05). The bone mineral density of the aspartate calcium group and the marine fish collagen oligopeptide group was larger than that of the model group, but there was no significant difference(P>0. 05). Compared with that in the model group, the calcium content of calcium aspartate + marine fish collagen oligopeptide group was significantly higher(P<0. 05). Compared with that in the calcium aspartate group, the calcium content of calcium aspartate + marine fish collagen oligopeptide group was higher(P<0. 05), there was no significant difference in serum calcium concentration between groups(P>0. 05). Compared with that in the model group, serum phosphorus concentration in the aspartate calcium group, marine fish collagen oligopeptide group, aspartate calcium + marine fish collagen oligopeptide group was significantly higher(P<0. 05) and ALP activity was significantly reduced(P<0. 05). CONCLUSION: The combination of calcium aspartate and marine fish collagen oligopeptide has a significant effect on increasing bone mineral density, also indicating that marine fish bone collagen oligopeptide could promote absorption of calcium aspartate.


Assuntos
Ácido Aspártico , Densidade Óssea , Animais , Cálcio , Colágeno , Feminino , Humanos , Oligopeptídeos , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar
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