Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 388
Filtrar
1.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 27: 276-292, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35024241

RESUMO

We performed in vitro and in vivo experiments to investigate the role of the circular RNA circSKA3 in tumor development. We examined the effects of circSKA3 on mediating breast cancer metastasis. In vitro, we found that the circular RNA circSKA3 was transferred between breast cancer cells, which were decreased by inhibiting exosome secretion. In vivo, circSKA3-containing exosomes potentiated tumor development and invasion that were inhibited by blocking exosome transmission. The ascites isolated from tumor-bearing mice or breast cancer patients showed high levels of circSKA3 and integrin ß1. Single-cell culture and single-cell PCR showed that circSKA3 was heterogeneously expressed, the cells expressing higher levels of circSKA3 had a higher potential to form large colonies. This property was similar to c-myc, but circSKA3 expression had no correlation with c-myc levels. The effects of circSKA3 on cell migration and invasion appeared to predominate c-myc functions. By releasing circSKA3-containing exosomes to cancer cells expressing lower levels of circSKA3, the large colonies could regulate the activities of small colonies, enhancing the tumor-forming capacity of the entire population. Thus, we provide evidence that the transmission of circular RNAs in tumor-derived exosomes may allow for the maintenance of advantageous invasive sub-clones in breast cancer.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126628, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343879

RESUMO

Electroreduction of nitrate (NO3-) to value-added ammonia (NH3) provides an alternative to NH3 production industry and remediation of NO3--containing wastewater. This study reports a series of Cu-Ni catalysts with component-controllable CuxNiy nanoparticles encapsulated in N-doped carbon film (CuxNiy/NC), and disclosure of the associated mechanism for NO3- reduction reaction (NO3-RR). Cu0.43Ni0.57/NC achieves a better NO3--N removal proportion of 89% in comparison with the reference catalysts, including Cu/NC (73%) and CuxNiy/NC with other compositions (Cu0.79Ni0.21/NC, 83%; Cu0.26Ni0.74/NC, 62%; Ni/NC, 20%). The experimental results and density functional theory calculations demonstrate that the lowered energy barriers of *NO2-to-*NO derived from appropriate Ni atom alloying plays a key role in the enhanced catalytic activity. Auxiliary porous substrate further contributes to the exposure of active sites and the durability of catalyst structure. These findings offer a mechanistic understanding of catalyst structure on the NO3-RR activity and valuable insights toward rational design of other catalysts for enhanced NO3-RR.

3.
Food Chem ; 369: 130873, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479004

RESUMO

With the growing demand for safe and nutritious foods, some novel food nonthermal sterilization technologies were developed in recent years. Electrolyzed oxidizing water (EOW) has the characteristics of strong antimicrobial ability, wide sterilization range, and posing no threat to the humans and environment. Furthermore, EOW can be used as a green disinfectant to replace conventional production water used in the food industry since it can be converted to the ordinary water after sterilization. This review summarizes recent developments of the EOW technology in food industry. It also reviews the preparation principles, physical and chemical characteristics, antimicrobial mechanisms of EOW, and inactivation of toxins using EOW. In addition, this study highlights the applications of EOW in food preservation and safety control, as well as the future prospects of this novel technology. EOW is a promising nonthermal sterilization technology that has great potential for applications in the food industry.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Água , Eletrólise , Humanos , Oxirredução , Esterilização
4.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866383

RESUMO

The base-induced formal [4+3] annulation reaction of in situ-formed aza-o-quinone methides and pyridinium 1,4-zwitterionic thiolates is reported. This protocol provides a novel and reliable method for the synthesis of biologically interesting benzo[e][1,4]thiazepine derivatives in synthetically useful yields. In addition, postsynthetic modification results in the formation of its sulfoxide and sulfone derivatives.

5.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875691

RESUMO

Species belonging to the Euwallacea fornicatus Eichhoff (Coleoptera: Scolytinae) species complex have invaded the continental U.S. since at least 2003. Three species of this complex are known to have established, two in California (E. fornicatus; and Euwallacea kuroshio), and a third in Florida (Euwallacea perbrevis). Their native ranges are spread across southern and southeast Asia. In Taiwan, all three species occur in sympatry. They attack healthy trees of widely varied species and cause severe damage and death to the trees. The attractant quercivorol is commonly used to promote their detection by passive trapping. Recent studies in Florida have shown that trapping of E. perbrevis can be further improved by adding a synergist, α-copaene, alongside the quercivorol lure. Thus, we were interested in testing the effectiveness of α-copaene for trapping the other invasive members of the complex in California and in an area of Taiwan where all three species co-occur. We found that α-copaene marginally enhanced the trapping of E. perbrevis in Taiwan, but had no effect on the trapping of E. fornicatus or E. kuroshio in either California or Taiwan. We conclude that any enhancing effect of α-copaene is specific to E. perbrevis. This highlights the economic importance of accurate species identification in developing and implementing an efficient, and yet cost-effective, monitoring program for the management of E. fornicatus and E. kuroshio in California and elsewhere.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1288, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of the single energy metal artifact reduction (SEMAR) algorithm with a multidetector CT (MDCT) for knee tumor prostheses. METHODS: First, a phantom of knee tumor prosthesis underwent a MDCT scan. The raw data was reconstructed by iterative reconstruction (IR) alone and IR plus SEMAR. The mean value of the CT number and the image noise were measured around the prosthesis at the stem level and articular level. Second, 95 consecutive patients with knee tumor prostheses underwent MDCT scans. The raw data were also reconstructed by the two methods. Periprosthetic structures were selected at the similar two levels. Four radiologists visually graded the image quality on a scale from 0 to 5. Additionally, the readers also assessed the presence of prosthetic complication and tumor recurrence on a same scale. RESULTS: In the phantom, when the SEMAR was used, the CT numbers were closer to normal value and the noise of images using soft and sharper kernel were respectively reduced by up to 77.1% and 43.4% at the stem level, and by up to 82.2% and 64.5% at the articular level. The subjective scores increased 1 ~ 3 points and 1 ~ 4 points at the two levels, respectively. Prosthetic complications and tumor recurrence were diagnosed in 66 patients. And the SEMAR increased the diagnostic confidence of prosthetic complications and tumor recurrence (4 ~ 5 vs. 1 ~ 1.5). CONCLUSIONS: The SEMAR algorithm can significantly reduce the metal artifacts and increase diagnostic confidence of prosthetic complications and tumor recurrence in patients with knee tumor prostheses.

7.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 10(12)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943748

RESUMO

Extended-spectrum-ß-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC ß-lactamase are two enzymes commonly found in Enterobacteriaceae that confer resistance to major antibiotics, such as third-generation cephalosporins that are widely prescribed for both human and animals. We screened for Escherichia coli producing ESBL and plasmid-mediated AmpC ß-lactamase (pAmpC) from dogs and cats brought to National Taiwan University Veterinary Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan from 29 June 2020, to 31 December 2020. The genotypes and phylogenetic relatedness of these E. coli were also analyzed. Fifty samples of E. coli obtained from 249 bacterial isolates were included in this study. Among them, eight isolates had ESBL, seven had pAmpC, and one had both. Thirty-two percent (16/50) of E. coli isolates were resistant to third-generation cephalosporins. The detected ESBL genes included the blaCTX-M-1 and blaCTX-M-9 groups, and the blaCMY-2 group was the only gene type found in pAmpC. ESBL-producing E. coli belonged to the pathogenic phylogroup B2, and the sequence types (STs) were ST131 and ST1193. Three isolates were determined to be ST131-O25b, a highly virulent epidemic clone. The pAmpC-producing E. coli were distributed in multiple phylogroups, primarily the commensal phylogroup B1. The STs of the pAmpC-producing E. coli included ST155, ST315, ST617, ST457, ST767, ST372, and ST93; all of these have been reported in humans and animals. Imipenem was active against all the ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli; however, since in humans it is a last-resort antimicrobial, its use in companion animals should be restricted.

8.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 4: 882-890, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917948

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the spatial variation of volatile organic compounds and antioxidant activity of turmeric essential oils (TEOs) harvested from four provinces of China. The major chemical components of these TEOs were analyzed using headspace solid-phase micro-extraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. More than forty volatile organic compounds in TEOs were identified, which accounted for 82.09-93.64% of the oil components. The relative abundances of the main volatile organic compounds in TEOs at the genus level were visualized by a heat map. The antioxidant activity of the TEOs of five different origins was characterized by the DPPH free radical scavenging activity, in which the antioxidant activity of the TEOs from Guangxi was superior to those of other sources. Furthermore, the IC50 values of the antioxidants TEOs collected from Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Changting, and Liancheng were 33.30, 42.5, 35.22, 63.27, and 39.96 mg/mL, respectively, which indicated the excellent free radical scavenging activity of those TEOs. Therefore, the TEOs might be considered as a natural antioxidant with potential applications in food and pharmaceutical industries.

9.
J Neuroimmunol ; 362: 577762, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839148

RESUMO

Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis (anti-NMDARE) is a B cell- and antibody-mediated autoimmune disease which may be regulated by CD40/CD40L signaling pathway. we enrolled anti-NMDARE patients and measured the serum CD40 and CD40L concentrations. The serum concentration of CD40 was decreased, while CD40L was increased in anti-NMDARE patients compared with that of healthy controls. The concentrations of CD40 and CD40L were both elevated in the acute stage of anti-NMDARE and were reduced during remission. Serum CD40L levels were positively correlated with serum CD40 levels. These results revealed that the CD40/CD40L signaling pathway might contribute to the pathogenesis of anti-NMDARE.

10.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 3803601, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820026

RESUMO

Objectives: Most patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) develop lupus nephritis (LN) with severe kidney manifestations. Renal fibrosis can be primarily attributed to overproliferation of mesangial cells (MCs), which are subject to drug treatment. Nevertheless, the detailed mechanisms remain elusive. We sought to identify the effect of cyclophosphamide (CTX), a drug commonly used for LN treatment, on MC proliferation and explore its underlying mechanisms. Material/Methods. Cell proliferation and fibrosis in mouse kidney tissues were determined by histopathology staining techniques. Flow cytometry was used for cell cycle analysis. Cell cycle regulators were examined in vitro following treatment of immortalized human MCs with platelet-derived growth factor subunit B (PDGF-B). Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analyses were used to measure the mRNA and protein levels of candidate cell cycle regulators, respectively. Results: CTX inhibited cell overproliferation induced by platelet-derived growth factor subunit B in vitro and in vivo. CTX (40 mg/l) was sufficient to induce G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest. CTX treatment downregulated many critical cell cycle regulators including cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases but upregulated cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. Additionally, CTX-treated samples showed significantly reduced fibrosis, as indicated by lower expression of interleukin-1ß and α-smooth muscle actin. Conclusion: CTX inhibits proliferation of MCs by modulating cell cycle regulator and therefore arresting them at G1 phase. CTX treatment significantly alleviates the severity of renal fibrosis. These findings provide novel insights into the mechanisms by which CTX affects LN.

11.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774782

RESUMO

The success of engineered tissues is limited by the need for rapid perfusion of a functional vascular network that can control tissue engraftment and promote survival after implantation. Diabetic conditions pose an additional challenge, because high glucose and lipid concentrations cause an aggressive oxidative environment that impairs vessel remodeling and stabilization and impedes integration of engineered constructs into surrounding tissues. Thus, to achieve rapid vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and anastomosis, hydrogels incorporating cells in their structure have been developed to facilitate formation of functional vascular networks within implants. However, their transport diffusivity decreases with increasing thickness, preventing the formation of a thick vascularized tissue. To address this, we used diffusion-based computational simulations to optimize the geometry of hydrogel structures. The results show that the micro-patterned constructs improved diffusion, thus supporting cell viability, and spreading while retaining their mechanical properties. Thick cell-laden bulk, linear, or hexagonal infill patterned hydrogels were implanted; and structural stability due to skin mobility was improved by the protective spacer. Larger and thicker perfused vascular networks formed in the hexagonal structures (∼17 mm diameter, ∼1.5 mm thickness) in both normal and diabetic mice on day 3, and they became functional and uniformly distributed on day 7. Moreover, transplanted islets were rapidly integrated subcutaneously in this engineered functional vascular bed, which significantly enhanced islet viability and insulin secretion. In summary, we developed a promising strategy for generating large, thick vascularized tissue constructs, which may support transplanted islet cells. These constructs showed potential for engineering other vascularized tissues in regenerative therapy. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Diffusion-based computational simulations were used to optimize the geometry of hydrogel structures, i.e., hexagonal cell-laden hydrogels. To maintain the hydrogel's structural integrity, a spacer was designed and co-implanted subcutaneously to increase the permeability of explants. The spacer provides the structural integrity to improve the permeability of the implanted hydrogel. Otherwise, the implanted hydrogel may be easily squeezed and deformed by compression from the skin mobility of mice. Here, we successfully developed a cell-based strategy for rapidly generating large, functional vasculature (diameter ∼17 mm and thickness ∼1.5 mm) in both normal and diabetic mice and demonstrated its advantages over currently available methods in a clinically-relevant animal model. This concept could serve as a basis for engineering and repairing other tissues in animals.

12.
Infect Genet Evol ; 96: 105135, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781036

RESUMO

Our objective was to describe the epidemiological features of an outbreak of norovirus infection in a health school in Guangdong province, China, to identify the cause of such a large scale outbreak of norovirus among older students, to simulate the transmission dynamics, and to evaluate the effect of intervention measures of GII.17 [P17] genotype norovirus infection. We identified all cases during the outbreak. Descriptive epidemiological, analytical epidemiological and hygiene survey methods were used to described the outbreak epidemic course and identify the cause of the outbreak of norovirus infection. We also used dynamical model to simulate the transmission dynamics of norovirus infection and evaluate the effect of intervention measures. Norovirus genotyping was assigned to the newly obtained strains, with a maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis conducted. There were 360 cases of 42 classes in five grades with a 12.99% attack rate. Proportionally, more students were in contact with sick students and vomit in the suspected case group than the control group (χ2 = 5.535, P = 0.019 and χ2 = 5.549, P = 0.019, respectively). The basic reproduction number was 8.32 before and 0.49 after the intervention. Dynamical modeling showed that if the isolation rate was higher or case isolation began earlier, the total attack rate would decrease. Molecular characterization identified the GII.17 [P17] genotype in all stains obtained from the health school, which were clustered with high support in the phylogenetic tree. This was an outbreak of norovirus infection caused by contact transmission. The main reasons for the spread of the epidemic were the later control time, irregular treatment of vomit and no case isolation. The transmission dynamics of contact transmission was high, more efficient control measures should be employed.

13.
Cell Prolif ; : e13158, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evidences demonstrate that sorafenib alleviates liver fibrosis via inhibiting HSC activation and ECM accumulation. The underlying mechanism remains unclear. Ferroptosis, a novel programmed cell death, regulates diverse physiological/pathological processes. In this study, we aim to investigate the functional role of HSC ferroptosis in the anti-fibrotic effect of sorafenib. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of sorafenib on HSC ferroptosis and ECM expression were assessed in mouse model of liver fibrosis induced by CCl4 . In vitro, Fer-1 and DFO were used to block ferroptosis and then explored the anti-fibrotic effect of sorafenib by detecting α-SMA, COL1α1 and fibronectin proteins. Finally, HIF-1α siRNA, plasmid and stabilizers were applied to assess related signalling pathway. RESULTS: Sorafenib attenuated liver injury and ECM accumulation in CCl4 -induced fibrotic livers, accompanied by reduction of SLC7A11 and GPX4 proteins. In sorafenib-treated HSC-T6 cells, ferroptotic events (depletion of SLC7A11, GPX4 and GSH; accumulation iron, ROS and MDA) were discovered. Intriguingly, these ferroptotic events were not appeared in hepatocytes or macrophages. Sorafenib-elicited HSC ferroptosis and ECM reduction were abrogated by Fer-1 and DFO. Additionally, both HIF-1α and SLC7A11 proteins were reduced in sorafenib-treated HSC-T6 cells. SLC7A11 was positively regulated by HIF-1α, inactivation of HIF-1α/SLC7A11 pathway was required for sorafenib-induced HSC ferroptosis, and elevation of HIF-1α could inhibit ferroptosis, ultimately limited the anti-fibrotic effect. CONCLUSIONS: Sorafenib triggers HSC ferroptosis via HIF-1α/SLC7A11 signalling, which in turn attenuates liver injury and fibrosis.

14.
Endocr Connect ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, the association between estrogen metabolism and breast cancer risk and the differences in metabolic pattern between breast cancer patients and controls are poorly understood. METHODS: A total of 84 patients with invasive breast cancer and 47 controls with benign breast diseases were included in this study. Estrogen metabolites from their morning urine were determined by HPLC-MS/MS and evaluated in both groups, and the predictive value of each estrogen metabolite in the malignant group according to their menstrual status was analyzed. RESULTS: Urinary concentration of estrogen metabolites 2-OHE1, 2-OHE2, 4-OHE2, 4-MeOE1, and 16ɑ-OHE1 were lower in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer, compared with benign controls, In logistic regression model, breast cancer risk increased with the decline in the levels of 4-OHE2 and 4-MeOE1. In premenopausal patients,, a difference in the level of 2-OHE2 was observed between both groups, and 2-OHE2 was found to have predictive value for breast cancer. Additionally, urinary 2-OHE2 level in premenopausal HR+ patients was considerably higher compared with HR- patients. CONCLUSIONS: We found that lower urinary levels of 4-OHE2 and 4-MeOE1had predictive value for breast cancer, and higher 2-OHE1 were associated with HR+ breast cancer in premenopausal women.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729895

RESUMO

Mycotoxin contamination in foods has posed serious threat to public health and raised worldwide concern. The development of simple, rapid, facile, and cost-effective methods for mycotoxin detection is of urgent need. Aptamer-based sensors, abbreviated as aptasensors, with excellent recognition capacity to a wide variety of mycotoxins have attracted ever-increasing interest of researchers because of their simple fabrication, rapid response, high sensitivity, low cost, and easy adaptability for in situ measurement. The past few decades have witnessed the rapid advances of aptasensors for mycotoxin detection in foods. Therefore, this review first summarizes the reported aptamer sequences specific for mycotoxins. Then, the recent 5-year advancements in various newly developed aptasensors, which, according to the signal output mode, are divided into electrochemical, optical and photoelectrochemical categories, for mycotoxin detection are comprehensively discussed. A special attention is taken on their strengths and limitations in real-world application. Finally, the current challenges and future perspectives for developing novel highly reliable aptasensors for mycotoxin detection are highlighted, which is expected to provide powerful references for their thorough research and extended applications. Owing to their unique advantages, aptasensors display a fascinating prospect in food field for safety inspection and risk assessment.

16.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101392, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694752

RESUMO

Tissues are much larger than the diffusion limit distance, so rapidly providing blood vessels to supply embedded cells inside tissues with sufficient nutrients and oxygen is regarded as a major strategy for the success of bioengineered large and thick tissue constructs. Here, a patterning technique, viscous fingering, is developed to bioengineer vascularized-like tissues within a few minutes. By controlling viscosity, flow rate, and the volume of photo-cross-linkable prepolymer, macro- and microscale vascular network structures can be precisely engineered using the Hele-Shaw cell that is designed in this study. After cross-linking, a vascular-like gel with fingering structures is formed between the bottom and top base gels, creating a sandwich-like structure. Cells can be incorporated into the fingers, bases, or both gels. The spreading and growth direction of the embedded cells are successfully controlled and guided by manipulating the physical properties of the fingering and base gels individually. Moreover, fingering is generated, connected, and surrounded prepared cell-laden microgels in base prepolymers to form prevascularized tissue-like constructs. Taken together, the 3D cell patterning technique extends the potential for modeling and fabricating large and stackable vascularized tissue-like constructs for both ex vivo and in vivo applications.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574637

RESUMO

This study examined the association between dietary patterns and the development of frailty during 4-, 8-, 12-year follow-up periods in the population-based Taiwan Study. We used the data of an elderly population aged 53 years and over (n = 3486) from four waves of the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging. Frailty was identified by using the modified Fried criteria and the values were summed to derive a frailty score. We applied reduced rank regression to determine dietary patterns, which were divided into tertiles (healthy, general, and unhealthy dietary pattern). We used multinomial logistic regression models to assess the association between dietary patterns and the risk of frailty. The healthy dietary pattern was characterized by a higher intake of antioxidant drinks (tea), energy-rich foods (carbohydrates, e.g., rice, noodles), protein-rich foods (fish, meat, seafood, and eggs), and phytonutrient-rich foods (fruit and dark green vegetables). Compared with the healthy pattern, the unhealthy dietary pattern showed significant cross-sectional, short-term, medium-term, and long-term associations with a higher prevalence of frailty (odds ratios (OR) 2.74; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.94-3.87, OR 2.55; 95% CI 1.67-3.88, OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.07-2.57, and OR 2.35; 95% CI 1.27-4.34, respectively). Our findings support recommendations to increase the intake of antioxidant drinks, energy-rich foods, protein-rich foods, and phytonutrient-rich foods, which were associated with a non-frail status. This healthy dietary pattern can help prevent frailty over time in elderly people.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Taiwan/epidemiologia
18.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 658792, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557089

RESUMO

Platinum-based chemotherapy drugs cause platinum accumulation and result in cancer-related fatigue (CRF), which is related to immune response through still ambiguous mechanisms. We aimed to explore the correlation between platinum and CRF from the perspective of platinum accumulation. After allowing for complete metabolism of the administered platinum drugs, we collected blood samples from 135 patients who had at least two platinum chemotherapy rounds, correlated the platinum concentration (C-Pt), pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-8 and TNF-α, hematological index with therapeutic effect, adverse reactions and fatigue. The median platinum concentration was higher in patients treated with cisplatin than oxaliplatin (424.0 vs 211.3 µg/L), and the occurrence of fatigue was 64.4% in all subjects. Separately, the incidence and degree of fatigue were 74.1% and 9.5 in the patients with higher platinum concentration compared to 57.1% and 2.0 in the lower group. C-Pt, IL-8 and TNF-α were positively correlated with the degree of CRF, while erythrocyte count and hemoglobin were negatively correlated with the degree of CRF. Mediating effect analysis showed that increased IL-8 concentration mediated 57.4%, while decreased erythrocyte count mediated 24.1% of the C-Pt effect on CRF. Platinum accumulation may involve increasing IL-8, cause inflammation or aggravate anemia, which in combination lead to CRF.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444580

RESUMO

Military aircrew are occupationally exposed to a high-G environment. A tolerance test and surveillance is necessary for military aircrew before flight training. A cardiac force index (CFI) has been developed to assess long-distance running by health technology. We added the parameter CFI to the G tolerance test and elucidated the relationship between the CFI and G tolerance. A noninvasive device, BioHarness 3.0, was used to measure heart rate (HR) and activity while resting and walking on the ground. The formula for calculating cardiac function was CFI = weight × activity/HR. Cardiac force ratio (CFR) was calculated by walking CFI (WCFI)/resting CFI (RCFI). G tolerance included relaxed G tolerance (RGT) and straining G tolerance (SGT) tested in the centrifuge. Among 92 male participants, the average of RCFI, WCFI, and CFR were 0.02 ± 0.04, 0.15 ± 0.04, and 10.77 ± 4.11, respectively. Each 100-unit increase in the WCFI increased the RGT by 0.14 G and the SGT by 0.17 G. There was an increased chance of RGT values higher than 5 G and SGT values higher than 8 G according to the WCFI increase. Results suggested that WCFI is positively correlated with G tolerance and has the potential for G tolerance surveillance and programs of G tolerance improvement among male military aircrew.


Assuntos
Militares , Centrifugação , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Humanos , Masculino , Caminhada
20.
J Clin Neurosci ; 91: 69-74, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373061

RESUMO

ASH1L mutations have been identified with variable phenotypes, including intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). However, the mechanisms underlying this phenotypic variation remain unknown. Here, we present twin sisters exhibiting mild intellectual disability and seizures. Whole-exome sequencing of the family revealed a novel de novo heterozygous sequence variant, NM_018489.2: c.2678dup (p.Lys894*) in exon 3 of ASH1L which was estimated to be pathogenic. Furthermore, we reviewed previously reported ASH1L mutations in order to evaluate genotype-phenotype correlations for ASH1L variants. We found that patients with missense mutations in ASH1L appeared to present with more severe phenotypes and a higher likelihood of ASD than those with truncating mutations. The relationship between phenotype and genotype reported across several patients may help to explain the mechanisms underlying the phenotypic variation commonly observed between ASH1L mutations.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Deficiência Intelectual , Convulsões , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Fenótipo , Convulsões/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...