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Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4976, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404790


To construct a superior microbial cell factory for chemical synthesis, a major challenge is to fully exploit cellular potential by identifying and engineering beneficial gene targets in sophisticated metabolic networks. Here, we take advantage of CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) and omics analyses to systematically identify beneficial genes that can be engineered to promote free fatty acids (FFAs) production in Escherichia coli. CRISPRi-mediated genetic perturbation enables the identification of 30 beneficial genes from 108 targets related to FFA metabolism. Then, omics analyses of the FFAs-overproducing strains and a control strain enable the identification of another 26 beneficial genes that are seemingly irrelevant to FFA metabolism. Combinatorial perturbation of four beneficial genes involving cellular stress responses results in a recombinant strain ihfAL--aidB+-ryfAM--gadAH-, producing 30.0 g L-1 FFAs in fed-batch fermentation, the maximum titer in E. coli reported to date. Our findings are of help in rewiring cellular metabolism and interwoven intracellular processes to facilitate high-titer production of biochemicals.

Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/biossíntese , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fermentação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Engenharia Metabólica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Transcriptoma
Org Chem Front ; 3(12): 1716-1724, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28191319


1H NMR spectroscopy is often used to discriminate enantiomers of chiral analytes and determine their enantiomeric excess (ee) by various chiral auxiliaries. In reported research, these studies were mainly focused on chiral discriminantion of chiral analytes with only one chiral center. However, many chiral compounds possessing two or more chiral centers are often found in natural products, chiral drugs, products of asymmetric synthesis and biological systems. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate their chiral discrimination by effective chiral auxiliaries using 1H NMR spectroscopy. In this paper, a new class of tetraaza macrocyclic chiral solvating agents (TAMCSAs) with two amide (CONH), two amino (NH) and two phenolic hydroxyl (PhOH) groups has been designed and synthsized for chiral discrimination towards dipeptide derivatives with two chiral centers. These dipeptide derivatives are important chiral species because some of them are used as clinical drugs and special dietary supplements for treatment of human diseases, such as L-alanyl-L-glutamine and aspartame. The results show that these TAMCSAs have excellent chiral discriminating properties and offer multiple detection possibilities pertaining to 1H NMR signals of diagnostic split protons. The nonequivalent chemical shifts (up to 0.486 ppm) of various types of protons of these dipeptide derivatives were evaluated with the assistance of well-resolved 1H NMR signals in most cases. In addition, enantiomeric excesses (ee) of the dipeptide derivatives with different optical compositions have been calculated based on integration of well-separeted proton signals. At the same time, the possible chiral discriminating behaviors have been discussed by means of Job plots, ESI mass spectra and a proposed theoretical model of (±)-G1 with TAMCSA 1c. Additionally, the association constants of enantiomers of (±)-G5 with TAMCSA 1a were calculated by employing the nonlinear curve-fitting method.